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LOS ANGELES TTERALD PUBLISHED SEVEN DAYS A WEEK. Joseph D. Lynch. James J. Ayers. AVERS & LYNCH, PUBLISHERS. • Entered at the poftomce at Los Anijcles as second-class matter.] DELIVERED BY CARKIKRS At 20c rer YTeok, or 80c lor Month. TERMS BY MAIL, INCLUDING rORTAQEI Daily Herald, one year 9& 00 Daily Herald, six months 4 Daily Herald, three months 2 25 Daily Hbru.d,ouo month SO Weekly Herald, one year 2 00 Weekly Hebald, six months 1 00 Weekly Herald, ihree months Illusteated Hkrald, per copy 20 Office of publication, 223-225 West Second street. Telephone 150. V,.tlc<> to Mail Subscribers. Thft papers oi all dellnouent mail subscribers o tne Los ANBELBB Daily Hesai.p will be promptly dllooi.tlnued hereafter. Np papers Will be sent to subscribers by mat nnles. the lame have been paid tor insdvat.. c. XMt nto Uinaexlble. . AYEUb & LYKOH. The Herald is sold at the Occidental Hotel news stand, .-inn Francisco, for 5c a copy. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1803. The electiou yesterday was by long odds the quietest on record. Tub San Francisco election official comes pretty near having a life job of it. Any one with an acute ear can hear the gra; s growing in Lot Angeles county. Already the country looks like the eaet in mid-May. A. J. Clchie haa earned a state repu tation aa a man who can't be bluffed. He is a young person of parts and spunk, and a iew more like him would reduce the percentage of Republican fraud to a micimuin in the Golden Gate. Now i.ETusgather our mantles around us aud lie down to pleasant dreams, thanking the Giver of All Good that we are through witfi elections for some time to come. This thing of an election every day or so waa becoming rather wearing. The people of the United States are now engaged in bracing themselves for one of those interminable documents which wind up "B. Harrison," aud to read which wili be a weariness to the flesh. The number who will thus vic timize themselvrs will be email. Whether it is owing to toe propitious opening of the season, or to some other cause, the inquiry for farming and orchard lands !s becoming quite brirk in LO3 Angelen county. Last week there were a number of good sales in the Santa Anita colony and the demand is quite general all over tiie county. One of tho marked peculiarities oi the late rains waa the capricious manner oi their distribution. Los Angeles ami the central and northern counties seem to have had a monopoly of them. The lower end of th= San Joaquin valley ap pears to have been very (lightly visited. In Tulare and Kern countieß there has been scarcely any rainfall. Singularly enough San Bernardino county reports no unusual precipitation, while San Diego county seems aiso to have been slighted. Just why the weEther clerk Bhould have discriminated in thia man ner we are as yet unprepared to say. GrOjTEB Cleveland haa returned from his shooting expedition in Virginia reju venated and thoroughly braced for the ordeal which will await him from the office-aeeuert'. In order to acquire still greater nerve and buoyancy, he will start on another sporting expedition to Louisiana. He may prolong his trip as far aa Texas, where the mallard ducks are so plentiful that one gentleman, who is desirous of being the president-elect's host, dropped 290 iv one day. If the place-hunters are aa thick in the east as they have shown themselves to be in Caliioruia already it is small wor.der that he taker- to the woods. The New Ycrk World is perhaps to be pardoned for wanting the earth, con sidering the Ifrge part it played in win ning the late glorious victory. It says that the next, president will hail from New York, and that hia name will .be Whitney. We just, rise to remark that there might be a vrorse man nominated for president than Cleveland's secretary of the navy, who haa declared that he will accept no office at the hands of the statesman whose cause he championed so ably and successfully. But this gen tle announcement of the World's haa called a number of western journals to the front, who mildly suggest that New York ia no longer the pivotal Btate, and hint that the lion-hearted Democracy may look to the setting sun for a candi date. Much stranger things than that have happened. There are not wanting a good many people of all parties in San Francisco who say that Dr. O'Donnell was elected mayor when Sanderson was the bene ficiary of the official count. The doctor and his fiiend?, and many Democrats and Republicans, claim that he waß also elected on the Bth of November. This time the doctor is going for blood. He Will demand a recount, and if it ia found that he was the people's choice the office Wilt undoubtedly be given to him. There are two old adages, one of which says the devil ia not as black aa he is painted, and the other commands us to give Old Nick his due. There was great dismay wheu O'Donnell was elected coroner. As a matter of fact ho made the best coroner San Francisco ever had. He broke up the undertakers' ring and compelled the establishment of a public morgue. J Tt would not be strange, should he ever sit in the mayor's oflice, if he should treat the people of San Francisco to surprises equally great. He is a crank, perhaps, t)Ut he has shown that there is method in his madnees. LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 0, 1892. A GLORIOUS VICTORY. The people of Los Angeles yesterday showed that tbey are a progressive and intelligent community by placing the Angelic city fairly and squarely in the Democratic ranks. The tlection of Thomas E. Kowan as mayor was a splendid triumph and a most gratifying testimony to the worth and popularity of that enterprising gentleman. They were evidently in no Tufts-hnnting mood, and buried that sprightly aspi rant under a decisive majority. Mr.Henry Doekweiler's success, shown I by a majority of 1)47, ie most gratifying to I all who bave at heart the best interests | of the city. This able young Democrat : as city engineer has in charge matters which are of paramount importance, arid which he will now be allowed to cairy to a successful end. The four Democratic councilman, Messrs. John T. Gaffey, George D. res eel, Daniel Innes and Francis M, Nick ell, form a powerful minority which will make itself felt in city legislation and which, owing to the qualities of ite member?, is liable to ofttimes show the force of a majority. Mr. Drury A. Watson, the opponent of Street Superintendent Hutchinson, was elected by a nice majority in the face of a most determined opposition, backed by not altogether admirable methods. The result again makes plain the fact that the people have got more sense than the professional politicians give them credit for. Of the members of the board of edu cation the Democrats have elected D. X, Trask, C. T. Pepper, James Ashman, Wm. 11. Buchler, besides Mrs. Margaret Hughes, the joint candidate. Toe happy result aboveoutlined is due to several causes, pre-eminent among which is the dissatisfaction that has justly been fe!t by the public for eouie time past with Republican officials and methods, and a very American aversion to a continuance in power of men who had all ttie attributes of being profes sl. nal cilice holders. But much credit is due to the eagacicus efforts of J. Marion Brooks, the chairman of the city Democratic committee, who has evinced great energy, clear headedness and ex ceptional political aptitude in'hia con duct of the campaign, which, aided by hie efficient coadjutors, he has closed in the enjoyment of a deserved triumph. PLEASANT THINGS AHEAD. It has been a Bubject of remark amongst old settlers that there has never been a season in Southern Cali fornia thathaa opened more auspiciously than the present. The rainfall has been unusually abundant at thia time of the year, and a more than ordinarily large area will be put in the cereals. We have had occassion to note from week to week the fact that the citrus crops are unusually luxuriant and of specially tine quality throughout tho whole of Southern California. The oranges are maturing very early, and shipmeuts have already begun. In other linen the outlook could scarcely be improved upon. A number of weighty enterprises are in immediate contemplation, in cluding a smelter and a glass worka, and a connection by rail with Salt Lake City cannot be long deferred. The truth ia that, compared with any place on the American continent of equivalent population, Loa Angelea ia today unusually prosperous, and this prosperity promises to increase at a phenomenal rate. The indications point to a considerable immigration of a most desirable clasa next spring; and, indeed, during the current winter. After the Chicago exposition there will be a rush of investors to this section that will be absolutely without prece dent. There is no speculation about thia. No section of the United States presents such varied attractions aa this. They range all the way from the known openings for material ad vancement to the blessings of a climate which is absolutely not surpassed on the globe. There may be some people who may be tempted to indulge in a flippant sneer at climate cutting any figure in the growth of a place, but they aro shallow and of small weight. When the fact ia generally realized that a regio* which i;; witnessing a more rapid and substantial development than any ether section of the United States—a region in which a man oi impaired health may still continue a business career and make money as fast or faster than else where —the rush to that favored spot cannot fail to be prodiirious. It will be gin before the Columbian fair has run its course. Every railway that has con nection with the l'acifie coast will be busy selling tickets for round trips which will embrace the fair and South ern California. In many cases they will include the fair aud the whole Pacific coast, via Los Angeles. Of these tour ists and sightseers a goodly number will cast their lot in with us. The roost pessimistic man who lives in Los Angeles may as well make up his mind that the region between the San Bernardino foothills end the sea is destined to be the most ueueely settled epot outside of urban lines in tbe world. It will abound in a vegetation which will not only be eurpasiingly beautiful but highly remunerative ai well. Au in terminable succession of vineyards and orange groves, interspersed with alfalfa fields, will ttretch even up to and be yond the San Gorgonio pass. Of course eueh lands, with such a climatic attach ment, will ba valuable, and will ulti mately be held at high figures. Those who have the sagar-Hy and good fortune to acquire them now will bt nefit by the in evitable enhancement which will follow the rapid settlement we aro sore to see chronicled here from thia time on. There is nothing strange in thia settle ment. We havo had it before. It car ried Los Angeles from a city of 11,300 inhabitants in 18S0 to one ol 50,200 by the census of 1890, which was 5000 or tiOOO short of our actual population. Both city and county are beiog rapidly settled now. The gas. Water and school statistics show that in the city alone we haye gained 10,000 or 12,000 inhabitants during the past two years. This ratio of gain id destined to be greatly increased when the fair has drawn to a close, and a scene cf unexampled development and settlement will then be presented in Los Angeles. Occasionally some callow individual is heard to remark that we will never see another "boom" in Los Angeles. We have no affection for the word, but the thing described by it is just as certain to occur as that night will follow the day. And why not? As to any progressive portion of California it may be eaid with truth that it is alwayß booming, getting over a boom or getting ready for a new one. We are in the latter stage now. Only it is probable and highly desirable that fine acre property will never again be cut up into finicky little city lots. That folly has been overgrown, in all likelihood, for all time, but that aa eligibly located tract of five or six acres, with a water rightand in the citrus belt, will sell for a great deal of money before many years let no man doubt. Now and then an enthusiastic An geltfio, who really sees the glorious ] future of his city and county, is met with the objection that this is rrot a manufacturing region. In this sweep ing generalization the fact is overlooked that many of our products are in their very nature manufactures or finished staples, and a very delightful branch of I manufactures they are. What are ! brandies, wines, raieine, prunes, dried, i canned and crystallized fruits but inanu i factures? The day is not far distant j when our sugar manufactories alone will | bfl a great source of wealth. We may as well make up our mind to ! tho facf that, whether we deprecate it or welcome it, a big boom is material izing for Los Angeles and her tributary 1 territory. It will be a robust and double breasted boom. It will ba founded on settlement and every kind of develop ment, and it will come to stay. And i that things will be gala let no man '> doubt. Los Angeles waa not created by ' Divine Providenca the eclectic spot i f creation for nothing. There was a dis tinct purpose in her evolution, and she was intended to fill out the full signifi cance of tho word "nonpareil." Nothing could surpass the beauty of the weather that has succeeded the gentle visitation of rains with which the season has opened. The sun comes out grandly and the atmospherels mild and genial. It has often been the case here tolore that a fine rainfall has been fol lowed by a desiccating norther which dried up the country and left it in worse condition than it waß before. But our splendid rains this year have had no such outcome. They have been followed by magnificent weather, and the warm earth is now putting forth all her powers of propagation under the most favorable circumstances possible. The whole face oi the country is already covered with new herbage, which will soon be far enough advanced to furnish Bucculent feed for stock. But the pic ture it now presents is v#ry pleasant to the eye, and tho fresh, green verdure will become more and more beautiful and luscious from day to day. This starts out with the promise of being one of tho very best agricultural seasons ever known in Southern California. Take it for all in all, the Australian ballot is a pretty good thing as far aEthe voting goes. With a less cumbersome counting machinery the system could scarcely he improved. Where tickets embrace many names it is rather severe on those that com°j last. But that is their luck, and does not negative the good work done by the system in assur ing secrecy and an uutrammeled ballot. The obvious defects of tho method can be easily remedied. It has annihilated vote buying. For this and all other mercies, good Lord, wo thank Thee! AMUSEMENTS. Guano Opera Housb— ArehibaldCiav ering Gunter has given to the theater goers of hi* native state much of enjoy able drama, and Col. Richard Henry Savage, who has contributed veiy suc cessfully to curreut literature, is also a Californian. Mr. Gunter has dramat ized My Official Wife, which first won prominence for Colonel Savage, and the play has been selected by Manager Frank W. Sanger in which to introduce Minnie Seligman Cutting to the Los An geles stage as a star, at the Grand opera house December Bth, 9tb and 10th. Chas. E. Schilling's minstrels will ap pear at tbe Grand opera house next Mon day evening, December 12:h. The show is entirely new and one continual sur prise from start to finish. The laet opportunity of saeing Clara Morris in her famous portrayals will be given ou next Tuesday and Wednesday nights, when she appears at the Grand opera house in Sardou's Odette.. Miss Clara Morris, in all likelihood, will not visit the coast cities again in a profes sional capacity. As her seasons become shorter and tho demand for her appear ance in the large eastern cities is greater than she cares to fill, she will, as far as poMjible, avoid the long railroad jour neys and stay nearer her home. CHICAGO'S LAKE FRONT. AN IMPORTANT DECISION BY THE SCPREMK COURT. The Title tn Submerged Lands Yeoted In the State as Affnlnnt the Claims of the City and the Illinois Outrul Road. Washin'uto.v, Dec. 5. —The United States supreme court toilny allirined the judgment of the United States circuit court in the wellknown ChicagoUkA front cases. Tho lower court decided in favor of the city, holding that the Illinois Central did not own the lipatian rights, and could not use the submerged lands along the lake front, adjoining its right of way, for wharves, piers, etc. The controversy has been fioinp on for many years and involves property already worth millions of dolLrs and wharling privileges which are bcyouti estimate. The case aros? over the rival claim of the Illinois Centra! railroad and the state of Illinois, the city of Chicago and the United States, to the title to the submerged lands along about two miles of the lake chore, opposite the business heait of Chicago, wiiere the government has spent large 6ums in the construction of a harbor. The claim of the railroad arose from the net of the state legisla ture in 1869, granting the railroad the right of way over these submerged lands to its depot. Under this tho road claimed the title. Justice Harlan of the circuit court, from whose judgment the road appealed, contirmed the title of the company to the lands occupied and reclaimed, but denied its right to the submerged lands in front of its right of way. The su preme court modified this decision, or dering an investigation as to certain piers which the road has built, to de termine whether they are in navigable water. It finds that the title to these lands is in tho state of Illinois. The opinion is concurred in by Jus tices Field, Harlan, Limar, Brewer; Justices Brown, Cray and Shiras dis sented. Chief Justice Fuller and Jus tice Blatchford did not take part, being 'interested in the decis-ion. The opinion of Justice Field in this caee is one of great importance, aside from even the great value of the prop erty in controversy. To a considerable extent it lays dr.wn new laws. The con trolling spirit of the decision is the sov ereignty of the people over even their own legislatures. The opinion was very long and elab orate. After the points mentioned above, it comes down to the chief ques tion in the caee, viz: The right ot the Illinois Central company to take for its own use submerged lands extending into Lake Michigan from the shore to line. The court brushed aside the technical criticisms made to the grant ing act of 1869, and squarely meeting the proposition that by this act tbe legislature exceeded its au thority, says tho state's title to the lands under the navigable waters of lake Michigan is different in character from that which the state holds its lands intended for sale. It is a title held in trust lor the peopl» of the state, that they may enjoy the naviga tion of the waters, carry on commerce over them aud have the liberty of fish ing there, in freedom from the obstruc tion or interference of private parties. The state can no more abdicate its trust over property in which the whole peo ple are interested, like navigable waters and the soils under them,so as to leave them entirely to the use and control of private parties, than it can abdicate its powers in the administration of gov ernment and the preservation of peace. In the administration of government, the use of such powers may, for a lim ited period, be delegated to a munici pality or other body, but there always remains with the state the right to re voke those powers ar.d exercise them in a more direct .nanner, and one more conformable to its wishes. So with the trusts connected with public propeity of a special character, like lands under navigable waters, they cannot be placed entirely beyond the disrretion and con trol of the state. The harbor of Chicago is of immense value to the people of the state of Illi nois in the facilities it affords to its vast and constantly increasing commerce, and the idea that its legislature could deprive the state of the control over its bed and waters and place the same in the hands of a private cor poration, created for different purposes, one limited to the transportation of pas sengers and freight between distant points and the city, is a proposition that cannot be defended. The area of sub merged lands in question is as largo as that embraced by all the merchandise docks along the Thames at London; much larger than that included in the famous docks and basins at Liverpool; twice that of the port of Marseilles, and nearly if not quite equal to the pier area along the water front of the city of New York, and the arrivals and clearinge of vessels at the port exceed in number those of New York, and are equal to thoEe of New York and Boston combined. It is hardly con ceivable that the legislature can divest tho control of the state over the management of this harbor and vest it absolutely in a private corporation. Any grant of the kind is necesearily revocable and the exercise of the trußt by which the property was held by the stats, can be resumed at any time. Justice Shiras, in an oral dissent, said in his opinion the grant of tho otate to tbe Illinois Central Railway com pany was a valid grant, which consti tuted a contract between the railway and state, and one which could not be taken away by the subsequent arbitrary act, nf the legislature. fS PRICED W DELICIOUS V NATURAL FRUIT FLAVORS. Vanilla -\ ° f perfect purity Lemon -I Of great strength. AlSd Z| Economy In their uso RoseetC.-J Flavor ac delicately nnd dellclously as the fresh fivP- 01 MM SEE MOST GO, And at once. We need the room for Pianos. We mean business. * BARGAINS BARGAINS :j: BARGAINS * BAB!LETT'S MUSIC i JEWELRY HOUSE, IQ3 NOHTH SPRING Str EET- 1117 m j gag v- Sfl THE CELEBRATED " " S 7 p]S CHICKERINGP JEWETT S gtW STORY « CLAIiK ORGANS. -*M» GARDNER & ZEiUER, 213 South Broadway. CHOICE GUARANTIED MORTGAGES for sale. Safe, Clean, Strong, Simple, and in every way extremely de sirable and satisfactory. Interest collectible at your cws bank the day due. t We offer notnirg but what we invested our own mon ey in and are willing to guarantee. Sent anywhere in the United States. Send for pamphlet. SECUHITY LOAN AND THIT9T CUM PANY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, 123 West Second Street. -:- Los Angeles, California. M. W. STIMSON, President. J. H. BRALY, Secretary. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, Trustee. Tray Laundry !U, % company. ffs4v. . VGP.KS:7IS-717-719N.MAIN. JBfc- ~ -V> TITL.. 1081. V' ' . - - . '. )i*,i sy. - v \ <^^__t> __\\ The Best Equipped Laundry Q''d-M,f , > - '''Ji on the Coast. b's"' " rt — : • ■ \- ■■h' . • ■'. ; t-.bW®* Modern in idea*. Always up vil h , < «U5 1 •. •» ' . lit times. '. \-:'. ; '.; », • ' ' ' ; '>• -/.•' •' _ v ;%:.,>■ V. " ryiu What we mnVe a spetial:yoor:. r : 1 ' -- " - - SIU'K COLLARS AM) CurF', r *- A - v.—- ' . Li IVuoLKN (iOOLs, EILKB, LACKS. ' .'• "■' " .'" /'. V' JhlfSD .117 TRY tJ Q. 1v "' * SECOND ANNUAL 7 FREE GIFT SALE -2-OF DOLLS-K- To every purchaser of Shoes ol $2.50 AND UPWARDS. THE QUEEN Shoe Store, 162-164 N. Main street will give, free of charge, a beautiful Christmas Pri« D > on and after November 25, 1892. Our prices are the most reasonable; our shoes wear the best. Satisfaction always guaranteed. ggr SEE SHOW WINDOW. 11-25-1 tn "ji-, QUB CHAIBS ARE ABOVE THE REST j SsSiaisij. In every sense - They are of the choicest, T~ ma< * e up ' a mo^ern st y'*i and finished in the . /2L*Ssirt I est possible manner. The same may be gggjgggflfr AjraSb saio of all the furniture we handle. Ex j I ca_ If /f ceilence of quality and beauty of style are il <4 r'W II It /i vSf H two things after which we always strive, -sf^g^CT^j^—• and cx P crience has taught us thnt house- keepers generally seek the same qualities f WIIm when buying furniture. A carload of cheap I E _lOjD/Li- ■ ■ fflfflrojgSg folding beds just arrived. Another carload I I_\S = of those cheapest oak suits at prices of vi ■ ; ~ _ rsMtj er ' or goods. 1 S. ALLEN, and .'134 South Sprinar Street. DOESYOUR TAILOR FIT YOU ? IDANZISAR, illiiSligi; 2171 Spring. MEYBERG BROS., 13 8 - 140 140 1-4-2 lip 142 S. I S. MAIN I MAIN ST. ST. Beg to announce a GRAND ILLUMINATION and PROME NADE CONCERT at their CRYSTAL PALACE on SATURBAY EVENING, DECEMBER 10, at 7:30 o'clock, to give the public of Los Angeles an opportunity to inspect their MAGNIFICENT HOLIDAY EXHIBIT.