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VOL. XXXIX.-NO. 57.
EMERSON PIANOS. MARYGOLD'S MUSIC STORE, It 221 Siith Biwhw. LBAVB ORDERS IIKKB FOR N. BORCHERS p^A(;ticai. Piano Tuner and Maker Testimonials from Wm. Bteinway, A. Weber, and Decker Bros. Betts & Silent, REAL ESTATE' B RO IK EI Fv S * L O ANS » NORTHEAST CORNER SECOND AND BROADWAY. Wo have for rent: rptclal—We have for ealc 500 acres at $60 A nice 7-room cottag°, bath, barn, etc., en Mr acre, rot SO miles from this ef y, near Hope street, near Tenth. 1)125 with water. "•'«*>« Par a; best of soil: lies level, and is cross. _V . J„ ~ , , v j v ed by both the Southern Pacini! and Banta Fe Elegant 10-room parily furnished house, raiU - BVBi some Une mesa land with water. Burner Hill aye., $.->O, to private family only. W(1 oir ,. r today; Business property on -prlng In the Hnrper tract, twocompletely furnished street and Broadway, We have tw« or three houses, H mid 10 rooms, 980 and IfrlO per nonth, eholce bargains which are not on the geneial respectively. These are what you \vt.t,t. market. If <on are not prepared to buy do nut Call aud tec what else we have for rent. I call fnr particulars on th.s property. BETTS & SILENT,~Second and Broadway. V HIGHEST HONORS, DIPLOMAS AND FIRST PREMIUMS AWARDED For the best photographs at ttie late Horticultural Fair. CABINET PHOTOS ONLY $5.00 A DOZEN. Come in time for your Xmas orders. Largest and Most Complete Studio in Southern California. ill the latest styles aud designs used. 107 NORTH SPRING STREET, LQ3 ANGELES, CAL. C Tv, L ST, Successor N. Main St. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL WINE In LIQUOR MERCHANT. Finest stock ol Old Hermitage, W. H. Mrßravcr, old Crow, Rpring Hill, New Hope, Blue Grass. Bond & Lillard, Mollwood, Old Taylor, etc. Straight Kentucky Whiskies. Fam ily and irr dlcinil tn'de so'lrited. USPS™ O T lil O SIGNS! SIGNS! I M I\ I Hfe. MX. WM. MERGFLL, lale of Omaha, Neb., ■ ■ -of I %l is now located with OlVJll O 6. STROMEE, *SSSi For rapid work, low prices and modern styles, a share of your patronage Is solicited. Card Signs, Muslin Signs, Wire Signs, Brass Signs, Signs of every description. Pnlltlesi work rimi.. at short not.lt I raaionableTatpa. OUR COPERATIVE PLAN GIVES YOU FOR $ 3.50 a Man's Suit of Clothing worth $ 5.00 5.25 a Man's Suit of Clothing worth 7.00 6.85 a Man's Suit of Clothing worth 8.75 7.75 a Man's Suit of Clothing worth 10.00 9.00 a Man's Suit of Clothing worth 12.00 12.00 a Man's Suit of Clothing worth 15.00 THE POOR MAN'S FRIEND, ' 132 N. Main Street. ALL GOODS MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES. LOS ANGELES HERALD. KAN-KOOI ( INCOJjFOIvAT l£li ) WE kave the Goods that your Eastern friends will appreciate. CALIFORNIA, A TT Ti T A H MEXICAN, I > J I 1V 1 JAPAN BBS, Ij | IllA and CHINESE V U HIUU We pack and attend to shipping free of charge. Buy early so your goods will reach your friends in time. OPEN EVENINGS. KAN - KOO, 110 South Spring St. (Opp. Nadeau Hotel.) TEN PAGES. WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 7, 1892. IN THE HOUSE AND SENATE Reading of the President's Message. Little Attention Paid to the Document. Interesting Bills and Resolutions Introduced. The Finanolal Policy of the People* Party Kmbodled in a Bill Intro duced by Representative Otis of Kansas. By tbe Associated Press. Washington, Dec. 6.—The house met at noon today. The chaplain in his prayer feelingly alluded to the presi dent's late bereavement. Mr. Rayner introduced a bill for the better protection of commerce and to establish a national quarantine. Re ferred. Harter of Ohio intrcduced a bill pro viding for the cessation of silver bullion purchases January 4, 1893, and the sale of 1,000.000 ounces of silver bullion for gold. THE POPULISTS' FINANCIAL POLfCY. The financial theories of the third party were emphasized in a bill intro duced by Otis of Kansas, having a voluminous title, to change our monetary system, reduce interest, fix the unit of value, supply the states with a circu lating medium aud for other purposes. The bill is amendatory to one intro duced at the lat,t session. It fixeß the dollar as the unit of value, and declares that all pa per money mentioned in the act, as absolute upon its face, and not in the form of a promise. All money specified ehall he full legal tender to the amount of $5 in any one transaction. In addi tion to the provisions for free coinage in the previous bill, the measure provides that money paid for bullion in the treas ury be covered into the treasury as part of the general fund. Immediately upon the passage of this act. the secretary of the treasury is required t ) have coined all the gold and tnlver bullion in the hands of the general government, for any pnrpope, at,d to have prepared at as early date as possible $1,500,000,000 of paper money to be used to form a general reserve. The secietary of the treasury is directed to prepare an amount of paper money, not to exceed in volume 50 per cent of the assessed value of the real estate of the Uaited States, aa shown in the last census, to be held in the general treasury as a state's improvement fund, and only to be paid out on tbe 0.-der of the respective roy • ■ ra and secretaries of 6tates. Any ttate may avail itself of the provision ot this act by a joint resolution of the legisla ture, and the state ia required to pay the United States an annual tax of 1 per cent'on all eutns drawn and retained during each year, and to open and keep in operation an exchange and genera! deposit department at the capital of the state. READING OF THE PRESIDENT'S A messenger from the White House then appeared with the president'e mes sage, which the clerk at once began to read. The reading of tbe message met with little attention. Many members left the hall, preferring to study the recom mendations of the president at their leisure at home. Those who remained entered into conversation or devoted themselves to the perusal of newspapers. At the conclusion of the reading of the message it was referred to the com mittee of the whole. The death of Representative War wick of Ohio was announced, and as a mark of respect the house adjourned. JOHN I. DAVENPORT SNUBBED. At a meeting of the house committee investigating the administration of the federal election law in New York city, it was decided to take no notice what ever of the petition submitted to the house yesterday en behalf of John I. Davenport, in which the latter asks a hearing at the bar of the house. IN THE SENATE. How tho President's Message Was Re ceived—Kills lutroduced. Washington, Dee. 6.—ln the senate as soon aB the secretary had finished reading the journal, a messager handed him the president's message, which he proceeded to read. The commercial and business statis tics given in the first part oi the mes- Efige, and the sarcastic paragraphs as to the supposed effect of a tariff for reve nue, seemed to meet with general ap proval on the Republican side of the chamber, but attiacted little attention on the other side. During the reading Democratic senators were, for the moat part, chatting listlessly with each other, or attending to correspondence, while the Republican senators paid the presi dent the compliment of givine undi vided attention. The various other sub jects discussed in the message, however, seemed to have very little interest for the senators on either side. The Demo crats made no pretense of listening, aud the attention of the Republicans showed a marked falling off. Seats in the diplomatic gallery were occupied throughout the reading of the message by the Spanish minister and the first secretaries of the German and Russian legations. FRYB's RETALIATION BILL. A bill waa introduced by Frye that Bmacks strongly of retaliation. It amends the laws regulating the trans portation of goods, by declaring that no merchaudiie shall be transported from one part of the United States to another in a vessel belonffTng wholly or in part to the subject of any foreign power, and that such transportation via any foreign port shall be deemed a violation of the law. The sailing of any foreign vessel from one United States port to another is not prohibited, provided no merchan dise other than that imported in such veaeel from a foreign port is carried. The bill provides that the president may, by proclamation, impend the right of carrying merchandise in bond through the United States provided for in the bill, in case the dominion of Canada should at any time deprive citizens of the use of the canals on terms of equality. A petition was presented by Peffer from citizens of Kansas, alleging the ex istence of a combination between the elevators, millers and railroads of Min neapolis and St. Louis to depreciate the price of grain. Keferred to the commit tee on agriculture. Chandler introduced a bill for tbe sus pension of immigration for one year. Vest introduced a joint resolution which he said he would call up tomor row for the appointment by the presi dent of three commissioners to confer with the proper authorities of the five civilized tribes of the Indian territory for making euch an agreement and ar rangement as will induce them to take homesteads in severalty, and Bell the remainder of their lands to the United States. A POLITICAL DISCUSSION. Vest offered a resolution reciting alle gations in the public press charging gross misconduct on the part of census employes, especially enumerators, in the state of Missouri, who are said to have taken a list of voters for partisan uses, and also charging that certain clerks of the census bureau were sent to the state of New York during the recent election to perform partisan service, and directing the investigation of Buch charges by the senate committee on census. This started a political discussion, which lasted some time. On motion of Sherman, the senate went into executive session, and when the doors opened adjourned. GEORGE W. CHILDS' LOSS. HIS PUBLIC LEDGER OFFICE GUT- TED Bl FIRE. The Damage to Ituildioc; anil Contents Estimated at SCJOO.OOO—The Flil lnnthropist's Generosity to the Firemen. Philadelphia, Dec. 0. —The Public Ledger building was almost gutted by fire this evening. The damage was cm fiued ahnobt entirely to the composing room, but the torrent of water flooded every floor in the structure. The loss can only be approximated tonight, but will probably be between $250,000 and $300,000; insurance, $100,000. The cause of the lire is unknown. It origi nated in the basement, and through the air ehatt quickly spread to the top flour. The tiles of the paper were all saved, and many rare and costly articles in Childs,' private oflice. Mr. Childs arrived soon alter the fire started, »:m< poetinir himself across the street, ♦rartohea the ouTlcfibg hum. He es sumcd charge of affairs, nnd issued di rections in the way of providing for the ißEue of the paper tomorrow. While the firemen were at work they were urged to greater efftrts by the announcement that Mr. Childs intended to distribute $5000 among them for their preventing the total destruction of ihe buiktinz. When the fire was extin guished Childs provided them bountiful refreshments at a neighboring restau rant. With the exception oi the presses, the Ledger has a complete new plant on Locust street, and tomorrow's paDer is being prepared. During the fire Childs was tendered the use of presses by daily nnd weekly in the city, aud ac cepted the Record's offer. The business manager of the paper said tonight the Ledger's total loss ia estimated at $150,000, including $100,000 ou the building and $50,000 on the con tents. The loss to tenants is $50,000. The presses and machinery were only damaged to tbe extent of $25,000. Re pairs on the building will be commenced at once. CIVIL, SERVICE KEFORSI. Annual Report of the Commission With Sundry Amendments. Washington, Dec. o.—The United States civil service commission, in its annual report to the president, after giving statistics of examinations and appointments, says thi3 is the first time the commission has in the mi Ist of a presidential campaign actively inter fered to prevent the collection of politi cal assessments, and believes its action had a most beneficial effect, and that there was much less assessing done than ever before, although it cannot be doubted that altogether too much took piece. In the opinion of the commis sion this practice will not be wholly broken up until it is tiade a penal of fense for any person whatever to solicit political contributions from an em ploye in any place whatsoever. The commission urges the adoption of a new classification of the custontß and postal services, and modifications of tbe rules, so the number of excepted places, and of places subject to non-competitive examination, may be greatly reduced in all branches of the service. The com mission thinks the exceptions from ex amination in any postoffice may be properly limited to the postmaster, as sistant postmaster, cashier, private sec retary and perhapß superintendent of the money order division. In the same way the number of excepted places in tbe departments at Washington Bhould be greatly reduced. Dr. McGlynn to He Reinstated. Nicw Yomc, Dec. 0. —A morning paper will say: Information is received on the authority of Archbishop Corrigan that ono of the first fruits of Archbishop Sa tolli's mission to this country ia to be the restoration of Dr. Edward McGlynn as a priest in good standing in the Ro man Catholic church. Gen. Itosecraus Very 111. Washington, Dec. 0. —The condition of Gen. Wm. S. Rosecrans, register of the treasury, is such as to cause his friends serious apprehension, nervotiß prostration, heart weakness and a stroke of paralysis of the arm, destroying his vitality. Your fall suit should be made by Getz. Fine tailoring, best fitter, large stock. 112 West Third atreet. TEN PAGES. BERNE'S PARTING SHOT. Full Text of the President's Message. A Dreary Waste of Words and Figures. Sarcastic Flings at the Incominir Administration. He Trusts That the Tariff Will lie Speedily Revised hy the Next Congress—The I'orce 15111 Still a Necessity.' [Compliments of the Western Union Company.] Washington, Dec. C—President Hai rison'a message re.tda as follows : To the Senate ami House of Representatives: In submitting my annual message to congress I have great satiefaction in being abie to say the general conditions affecting the commercial ami industrial interests of the United States are in the highest degree favorable. A com parison of tbe existing conditions with those of the most favored period In the history of the country will itself show that eucli a degree of prosperity and so general a diffusion of the comforts of life were never befjre enjoyed by our people. The total wealth of the country in 1800 was $ IC, 150,(310,008; in 1890 amounted to $02,(310,000.000, an increase of 287 per cent. The total mileage of railways in the United Stateß in 1800 it was 30,620; in 1890 it was 187,741, an inc-eaee of 448 per cent, and it is esti mated that there will be about 4000 miles of track added by the close of the year 1892, The oflic al returns of the elev enth census and those of tho tenth for 75 leading cities furnished the basis for the following comparison: In 1880 the capital invested in niann factuiiug was $1,232,839,070. In 1890 the capital invested in manufacturing was $2,000,735,884. In 1880 the number of employes waß 1,301,888. In 1890 the number of employes was 7.271,134. In 1880 the wages earned wtre $501,905, --775. In IS9O the wages earned were $1,221,170,454. In 1880 the value of the products was $2,711,579,999. In 1890 the value of the products was $4,800, --280,837. I am imtormjd by the superintendent of the census that the omission of cer tain industries in 1880, which were in cluded in 1899, accounts in part for the remarkable increase thus shown. But after making full allowances for differ ences of method, and deducting the re turns for all industries not included iv the census of 1880, theie remain in tiie reports from these 75 cities an increase in the capital employed of $1,522,745, --6»4ri in <!»ie value of the products, of $2 024.230,1GG; in wages earned, of $077, --943,929, and in the number of wage earnerß employed, of 850,029, The wage-earnings not only show an in creased aggregate, but au increase per capita Irom $3 SO in 1880 to $5.47 in 1890, or 41.71 per cent. NEW INDUSTRIES ESTABLISHED. The new industrial plants established since October 0, 1890, and up to October 22, 1592, as partialh reported in the American Economist, number 345, and the extension of the existing plants. 108. The new capital invested amounts to $40,419,050, and the number of addi tional employes to 37,285. The Textile World for July, 1892, states that during the first six months of the present, calen dar year 135 new factories were built of which 40 are cotton mills, 48 knittiug mills, 20 woollen mills, 15 silk mills, 40 plush mills, and two linen mills. Of tbe 40 cotton mills 21 have been built in tbe southern states. Mr. A. B. Shep peidson of the New York Cotton Ex change estimates the number of work ing spindles in the United States ou September 1, 1892, at 185,000,000, an increase of 000,000 over the year 1891. The consumption oi cotton by American mills in 1801 waa 2,390,000 bales, and in 1892 2,584,000 bales, an increase of 188,000 bales. From the year 1809 to 1892 inclusive there has been an increase in the consumption of cotton in Europe of 92 per cent, while during the same period tbe increase of consumption in the United States has been about 15 per cent. The report of Ira Ayer, special agent of the treasury department, shows that at the date of' September 30,1892, there were 32 companies manufacturing tin and tin plate in the United States, and 14 companies building new works for such manufacture. The estimated in vestments in these buildings at tbe close of the fiscal year, June 30, 1892, it the existing conditions were to be counted, was $5,000,000, and the esti mated rate of production 200,000,000 pounds per annum. The actual pro duction for the quarter ending Septem ber 30, 1892, was 10,952,725 pounds. The report of the labor commissioner of New York, shows that during the year 1891, in about 0000 manufacturing establishments in that state, embraced within the ppecial inquiry made by him, and representing 07 different industries, there was a net, increase over the year 1890 of $31,315,130.08 in the value of the product, and of $0 377,925 09 in the amount of wages paid. The report of the commissioner of labor for tbe state of Massachusetts shows that 375 indus tries in that state paid $129,410 238 in wi'-Bres during the year 1891, against tr-120.030,303 in 1890, an increase of $3, --335,945, and that there was an increase of $9 993 910 in the amount of cp.pital, and oi 7390 in the number of persons employed in the same period. During the last six months of tbn year 1891 and the firßt, six months of 1892 tho total production of pig iron waa 9,710, --819 tons as againit 9 209,703 tons in the year 1890, which was the largest annual production ever obtained. For the seme months of 1891 aud 1892 the production oi Bessemer ingots was 3,878,581 ton", an increase of 189 710 gross tons over the previously unprecedented yearly production of 3 088,871 gross tons in 1890. The production of Bessemer steel rails for the first six months of 1892 was 772,43 d gross tons, as againEt 502 080 gross tons during the last six mon'hs of the year 1891. INCRBABED EOREIGM TRADE. The total value of our foreign trade PRICE FIVE CENTS. (exports and manufactures) during the last fiscal year was $1,857,680,610, an increase of $120,2(33.004 over the previ ous fiscal year. The average annual value of our imports and exports of mer chandise for the ten fiscal years prior to 1891 was $1,457,322,019. It will be ob served that our foreign trade for 1892 exceeded this annual average value by $400,358,391, au increase cf 27.47 per cent. The significance and vaiua of this increase is shown by tbe fact that ttie excess in the" trade of 1892 over 1891 was wliollv in the value of exports, for there w'a? p. de crease in the value of txportsof $17,513, --254, The value of our exDort.i during the fiscal year 1892 reached the highest figure in the history of the government, amounting to $1,080,278,148, exceeding by $41,797,338] the experts oi 1891, and exceeding the value of the imports by $202,875,086. A comparison t.f the value of our experts for 1892 with the annual average for the 10 years prior to 1891, shows an excess of $205,142,071. or of 34.65 per cent. Tiie value of our imports of merchandise for 1892, which was $829,492,402, also exceeded the annual average value of the 10 years prior to 1891 by $135,215 940. During the fiscal year 1892, the value ot imports free of duty amounted to $457,999,058; the largest aggregate in the history oi com merce. Ihe value of imports" of mer chandise entered free of duiv in 1892, was 55 35 per cent of the total value of the import", as compared with 43 35 per cent in 1891, and 33.60 per cent in 1890. DOMESTIC COMMERCE. In our coastwise trade a most encour aging development is in progress, there having been iv the last four years an in crease of 1G per cent in internal com merce. The statistics show that no such period oi prosperity has ever be fore existed. The freight carried in the coastwise trade of the great lakes in 1890 aggregated 28,295,950 tons. On the Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio rivers and tributaries, in the same year, the traffic aggregated 29,404,406 tons, and the total vessel tonnage passing through the Detroit river during that year was 21,684,000 tons. The vessel tonnage entered and cleared in the for eign trade of London during 1890 amounted to 13,480,707 tons, and of Liverpool 10,941,800 tons, a total for these two great shipping portH of 24,442,508 tons, cnly slightly in excess of thb vessel tonnage papains through the Detroit river; and it should be eaid tbat tiie season for the Detroit river waß but 228 days, while of Course in London and L ; verpool the season waa for the entire year. Thevetßel to:m?ge passing through the St. Mary's canal ior the liscal year 1892 amounted to 9,828,874 tons, and the freight tonnage of tiie Detroit river is estimated for that year at. 25,000,000, against 28,208,619 tons in 1891. The aggregate traffic on our railroads for the year 1891 amounted to 704,398, --609 tons of freight, compared with 091. --344.437 tonß in 1890, an increase of 13, --054,172 tons. SAVINGS HANK DEPOSITS, Another indication of tLe g*gcraj prosperity of the country is found in the fact that the number of depositors in the savings banks increased from 093, --870 in 1800 to 4,328,393 in 1890, an in crease of 53 per cent, and tiie mnount of deposits from $194,277,375 in 1800 to $1,524,844,503 in 1890, an increase of 92 per cent. In 1891 the amount of depos its in savings banks was $1,023,079,749. It is estimated that 90 per cent ot these deposits represent trio savings of wage earners. The bank clearances have for the nine months ending September 30, 1891, amounted to $41,049,390,808. For the same months in ISO 2 they anouDted to $45,189,001,947, an excess for the nine months of $4,140,211,139. There never has been a time in our history when work waa so abundant or when wages were as high, whether measured by the currency in which they are paid or by their power to sup ply the necessaries and comforts of lite. DEPRESSED AGRICCLTLEAI, PRODUCTS. It is true that the market prices of cotton and wheat have been low. It is one of tbe unfavorable incidents of agriculture that the farmer cannot produce upon orders. He must sow and reap in ignorance of the aggregate pro dnc ion of the year, and is peculiarly subject to the disposition which follows over production. But, while the fact I have Btated is true aa to the crops I have mentioned, the gsneral average of prices has been such as to give to agri culture a fair participation in the gen eral prosperity. The value of our total farm products has increased from $1,303, ---040,800 in 1800 to $4,500 000,000 in 1891, as estimated by statisticians, a:t in crease of 230 per cent. The number of hots January 1, 1891, was 50,525,100, ami iheir value $210,193, ---925. On January i, 1892, the number wus 52,439,809. and their value $241, ---931,451. On January 1, 1891, the num ber of cattle was 3(3,875,648, and their value $544,127,933 On January 1, 1892, the number whh 37,051,239, and their value $570,749, l ')"i. If any are ui-contentcd with Wieir state here : if any believe that tie wages or prices, the returns fur honest toil, are inadequate, should not fail to re member that there is no ot her country in the world where ttie conditions that seem to tli Mo bird would not be ac- ■ cepted as highly prosperous. The Eng lish agriculturist would be glad to ex change the returns of hia labor tor those *f the American farmer, ami the Man chester workmen their for those of their felloes at Fall Kiver. THE PROTECTIVE SVnTEM. I believe that the protective system which now for something like 30 years has prevailed in our legislation has been a mighty instrument for the de velopment of our national wealth and a most powerful agency in protecting the iiomes of our wuikiugmt n from the in vasion of want. I have lelt a most solicitous interest to preserve 10 our working people rates of wa<r»a tbat would not only give daily bread, but supply a comfortable margin for home attractions and family comforts and enjoyments without which life is neither hopeful nor sweet. Tbey are American citizens; apart of the "great people for whom our constitution and government were framed and instituted, and it cannot tie a perversion of that, con stitution to so legislate as to preserve in their homes the comfort, independence, loyalty and sense of interest in the government which are essential to good citizenship in peace, and which will