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The Abingdon Virginian. [volume] (Abingdon [Va.]) 1849-1883, October 10, 1862, Image 1

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* Tlie VißGixi \xis published every Friday morn
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Confederate Slates Congress.
Monday, September 29fh. j
Lincoln's J y iochimaiion.
- Mr. Semmes, of La., introduced the follow- |
ing resolution, which was ordered to be print- j
ed and laid upon the table :
Resolved, by the Congress of the C'nfede
rate States of* America, That the proclaim,!- j
tion of Abraham Lincoln, President of the j
United States of America, issued at the city
of Washington on the 22d day of September,, j
in the year 1802, wherein he declares that on j
the first day of January, in the year of our j .
Lord 1863, all persons'held as slaves within j
any State or designated part of a Skate, the ;
people whereof shall be in rebellion against ! ,
the United States, shall he thenceforward and j ]
forever free, is leveled against the citizens of j t
th- Confederate States, nn-i as snub is a gross ! j
violation of the usages of civilized warfare, an j j
outrage upon private property and an in vita-, j s
tion to a servile w?r, and therefore should be I t
held up to the execration of mankind and j ,
counteracted by such severe retaliatory mea-\,
sures as, in the' judgment of the President, j
may behest calculated to secure its withdraw- f \
al or arrest its execution. .i ,i
Mr. Clark, of Missouri, said the resolutions (,
did not go far enough. He thought the Presi- I v
dent should be'authorized immediately to pro- (
claim, that every person found in arms against s
the Confederate and its' institu- t
tions, on our soil, should be put to death, and i
that every citizen of the Confederacy be pro- ,
claimed ft soldier, for the time being, to cxc- c
Cute the proclamation upon the persons; of
every murderer, thief and scoundrel endorsed g
and acting under the proclamation of Lincoln. r
Our people have been murdered, our property |
destroyed, and now this last una atrocious t
measure is proclaimed. It is now a matter of 'j
life and death. Let us meet the exigency.— j (
The resolution was not sufficient, lie moved j ,
its reference to a special committee J s
Mr. Semmes, of La., considered the ques- i ]
tion of retaliation as an executive question, : ]
and to be left to the discretion «»f the Lxeeu- J c
tive. to carry out such measures of retaliation j \
as circumstances may justify.
Mr. Henry did not think the resolution J a
strong enough. The time had Arrived when j
We should deehtte.a war of extermination up- j 0
on every foe that puts his foot upon our soil, j c
no matter what may be the bloodshed it may j t
cause. We should' meet a P»e of the charac- j j
ter that menaces us, under the black flag, and j<]
neither ask nor receive quarter from this day j _
henceforward. In Europe armies hate been „
known to pause when they knew no quarter it,
would l;e given; officers have deserted their j j
commands when conscious of the fate that jT|
Wjould meet them if they fell into the hands of j'j
the enemy whose territory they were invad- j 0
inf. The way was to declare a war of exter- | s
mmation, and his life for it, we would not be j8(
troubled with invasion hereafter.
Mr. Phelan said the introduction of the re- | a
solution indicated the dawn of a better policy I w
with reference to the future defense of our a
country. lam now and ever have been in n
favor of fighting this contest under the black J n
ftag. If it had been erected over the plains j a
of Manassas, one year ago, in my opinion this jj,
war would ere this have been ended. I move J J
it be made the special order of the day for 12 j c
o'clock to-morrow. fj
After some further discussion, the rcsolu- h
tion, on motion of Mr. Burnett, of Kentucky,
was referred to the Judiciary Committee. p
* tl
Confederate States Congress. t<
Richmond, Oct. 2.—The Senate to day, re- t
fused to agree to the amendments of the a
House to the. Exemption bill, and asked for a »
Committee of conference. "
House bill, appropriating one million dol- v
lavs for the construction of the Bene Mount ]
tain and Rome railroad, was passed; also
Senate bill to provided for the transmission J
of trans-Mississippi mails. _
At one o'clock the Senate went into secret "
session to c -nsider the order of the day, being J>
the bill to repress the atrocities of the enemy. »
Nothing of importance was done when the
doors re opened.
Several communications from the President
■were presented. . «?
The House was occupied all day in the vis- 0
cussion of the bill to raise revenue. - t<
_ —■» » ♦
Large Numbers of the wounded in the ) U
Tarious battles in Maryland continue to arrive j P
at the Richmond hospital*. The tram from I n
j Gordonsville on Saturday evening brought
| down siiine four or live hundred, and Tucsdav
I evening a similar number arrived. We learn
" j that many of them owe their wounds to the
" infernal Yankee contrivance, known as the
! j "shell-ball:?," filled with a poisonous sub
stance, and arranged so as to explode in thr
flesh upon striking a bone, creating mortifi
' ; cation in a short time; consequently, wound?
. jof this nature nre more generally fatal.—
; : Richmond Examiner.
| Tlse Close o*''*fise Greatest ISafUc
jof Use W«r. ,}
I The correspondent of the Now York Tri
; ; butifi gives a highly interesting account oi
i : the close of the great battle of Sharpsbnrg.—
!j It shows how narrowly the Federal army
i j escaped utter defeat:
lln another moment a rebel battle-line np
i : pears on the brow of the ridge above them,
l moves swiftly down in the most perfect or
•j der, and thtfugh met by incessant discharges
jof musketry, of which we plainly, see the
j flashes, does not tire a gun. White spaces
i show where men are failing, but they close
lup instantly, and still the line advances. The
: brigades of Burnsiiie are in heavy column;
! they will not give way before a biyonet
j charge in line. The rebels think twice be
j fore they dash into these hostile masses.
There is a bait, the rebel left gives way and
i scatters over the field, the rest stand fast and
I lire. More infantry comes up. Burnside is
j outnumbered, flanked, compelled to yield the
! bill he took so bravely. His position is no
I binder one of attack; he defends himself with
' utifalteri-g firmness, but ho sends to McClel-
I lan for help. McCJeibm's class for the last
• half hour has seldom been turned away from
j the left..
|He sees clearly enough that Burnside is
j pressed—needs no messenger to tell him that,
j His face grows darker with anxious thought.
: Looking down into the valley where 15,000
J troops are lying, he turns a half questioning
! h'ok on Fitz John Porter, who stands by his
I side, gravely scanning the field. They are
I Porter's troops below, are fresh, and only
[ impatient to slmre in this fight. But Porter
1 slowly shakes his head, and one may believe
that the same thought is pasgjhg through the
; minds <>f bth Generals : '•They are the only
• reserves of the army; they cannot be spared."
I McClelian remounts his horse, and with
Porter and a d zen officers of his staff rides
nwiiy to the left in Biwnside'i? direction.—
Sykes meefp them on the road—a good soldier,
whose opinion is worth taking. The three
Generals talk briefly together. It is easy to
see that the moment has come when every
thing may turn on one order given or with
held, when the history of battle is only to be
written in thoughts and purposes and words
of the General.
Burnside's messenger rides up. His mes
sage is, "I wart troops and gnus. If you do
not send them I cannot hold my position for
half an hour." MeChdlanV only answer for
the moment is a glance at the western sky.—
Then he turns and sneaks very slowly, "Tell
Gen. Burnside that this is the battle of the
war. He must bold his g.nmnd until dark at
any cost. I will send him Miller's battery—
I can do nothing more. 1 have no infantry."
Then as the messenger was riding away he
called him back —"Tell him if he cannot hold
his' ground, then the bridge to the last man!
—always the bridge llf the bridge is lost,
all is lost."
The sun is already down; not half an hour
of daylight is left. Till Burnsid's message
came it had seemed plant to every one that
the battle could not be finished to-day.;—
None suspected how near was the peril of
defeat, of sudden attack on exhausted forces
—how vital to the safety of the army and the
nation were those fifteen thousand waiting
troops of Fitz John Porter in the hollow.—
But the rebels halted instead of pushing on,
their vindictive cannonade died away as the
light faded. Before it was quite dark the
battle was over. Only a solitary gun of Burn
side's thundered against the enemy, and pre
sently this also ceased, and the field was still.
The peril came very near, but it has passed,
and in spite of the peri!, at the close, the day
was partly a success—not a victory, but an
advantage had heen gained. Hooker, Sum
nerand- Franklin hel<f*ajl the ground they
had gained, and Burnside still held the bridge
and his position beyond. Everything favora
ble for a renewal of the fight in the morr»ing.
If the plan of the battle is sound, there is
every reason why McClelian should win it,—
He may choose to postpone the battle to await
his reinforcements.
The rebels may choose to retire while it is
possible. Fatigue on both sides might delay
the deciding battle, yet if the enemy means
to fight at all, he cannot, afford to delay.—
His reinforcements may be coming, his losses
are enormous. His troops have been massed
in woods and hollows, wdiere artillery has
had its most terrific effect. Ours have been
deployed and scattered. From infantry fire
there is less difference.
It'is hard to estimate losses on a field of
such extent, but I think ours cannot be less
than 6,000 killed and wounded—it may be
much greater. Prisoners have been taken
from the enemy. I hear of a regiment cap
tured entire, but I doubt it.
» ♦ ♦ _
Excitement in Washington.
The Fredericksburg News, chronicling the
return of Mayor Slaughter, Dr. Broaddus and
other citizens who had been arrested and sent
to Washington, says:
Washington is reported to have been in a
terrible state of excitement over Lincoln's J
Proclamation. Officers of the army and dig- j
nitaries of State were resigning, arrests con- |
t tinually made, high officials imprisoned, and
v jas the keeper of the prison expressed it, 'the
i devil to pay' generally. We have no doubt
o j the Yankee nation enves his Satanic Majesty
ej an enormous debt, which eternity itself will
- scarcely be able hi liquidate. The interest is
ft beyond computation already.
Affairs in Washington.
A Marylander who has reached here from
Washington, says thai; Lincoln rides between
Washington and his present quarters at the
3 so^pynidlfo bis bodg guard
of iorly cavaj-y. Arriving in Washington in
- the morning, bis first duty is to confer with
f Gen. Halleck upon the latest news. That
- j over, he has a dreary interim until night, when
f attended by his guard, he again seeks his
country quarters.' For the last two weeks two
- gun-boats have been lying at the Navy-yard
, constantly fired up:"'ready for exigencies.
It is said that Sejrard-asked Lincoln, after
■> Pope's return to Washington,' how many men
; | the Confederates bad in the field, and that
< j Lincoln replied :"1 don't know; but we have
s J had seven hundred thousand, and asourGen
s ; enals have declared that they have always been
: j beaten by doublo their numbers, they must
I have a million and a half!" To which Seward
replied "hem."
The draft is still held over Maryland, al
though Stanton has* publicly stated that they
wanted no more recruits from that State, giv
ing for a reason that-they have enough rebels
in the Northern army already.
The Marybind-ers.-Jfor no cause alleged, are
taken from their hejl and homes and dragged
to prison. 'When tUo Confederate army ef
fected a crossing, the Marylandcrs were wild
with enthusiasm. The Yanks doubled the
guards upon ail the-:roads. A sentinel was
found at every row<*. Travel was entirely
interrupted, arid nearly all the young men
that started were captured, and are now lying
in the old Capitol. Could our army get'into
Maryland, 60,000 wojuld rise in arms against
the tyrants that now*huhl them in the most
abject state.of degradation.
When the Confederate army crossed the
Potomac, a large forco (40 to 50,000) mostly
raw recruits, started from Philadelphia to
wards Frederiokshurj**with the view of pass
iny on to Richmond, but they were recalled
immediately, from an apprehension that they
miirht be needed to dv-fend Washington.
There are eight or n hie forts stretching from
the-Po teniae-, -at- WaaMtigtoiT City, to Belts
ville, in Maryland, 13 miles distant. The
Yankee forces are strdl throwing up dirt all
around the citj.—Jß-iAmond Enquirer.
From Western Virginia.
The following is a c/>py of a letter address
ed to a member of t'n# Virginia Senate from
an officer of the army in Gen. Loring's com
mand :
Kanawha Cot?NTY, |
Sept. 18th, 1802. j
My Dear Sir : —On last Saturday we took
possession of this place. We had a fight at
Fayette Court Cotton Hill, and here.
In ail the fights the "enemy's loss in killed,
wouruled and prisoners, amount to between
four and five hundred J In his retreat he corn
tested every inch obstinately. We captured
immense stores and fwpplies, and about 600
wagons. He tried to: barn, as he retreated,
but was so closely pursued' that he succeded
in burning nothing but his own camps and
storehouses, one fntrptee, and six or eight
buildings in Charleston. He is now across
the Ohio river, and wo have the country from
the mountains to thcXjhio, and from the Ken
tucky border to the Little Kanawha. The
prospect is most favorable for raising five or
six thousand recruits for our army. The
chance is great f r th*"South arming the peo
ple. Wo have 20,000 bushel* of salt in our
hands, and are making 6.000 bushels per
day. The growing ec'rn crop is enough to
feed our army this winter.
. »■■■#• m
Yankee War I*el>t.
The New York Trilnino some weeks ago
Putting down the slaveholders' rebellion is
a very expensive as well as bloody business..
Congress, at its recent session, passed bills
which, in the aggregaj:-, appropriated out of
the Treasury the sauipf £913,078,527,63.—
At the extra session summer, Congress
appropriated $265,1031290,90. The total a
mount, therefore, for- t|e two sessions reaches
the enormous sum of[ 81,178,181,824,62.—'
Nearly all of this vasi outlay was rendered i
necessary by tho rebellion. At the recent
session, the army bijl alone appropriated
within a fraction of :353£,000,000— an amount
larger no doubt, than \vas ever before embrac
ed in one law or riecrie of any Government
on earth. Look at th|aggregate of the two
sessions—eleven hondied and seventy-eight
millions, one hundred and eighty-one thou
sand, eight hundred aud twenty-four dollars
and sixty cents—aud tell us if the work of
crushing out this opposition"
to the National Government, which "our
misguided Southern bvithren" have organiz
ed, will not only makq them expensive re
latives to their cotemporaries, but cause their
memories to be very dear to posterity ?
_ _
Otd Abe Facetious as Ever.
A Hessian recently from Washington city
tells a Yankee paper a characteristic anecdote
of Abram. In responseto a very high recom
mendation for a Brigadier Generalship, Mr.
Lincoln replied that aslthe number of officers
of this grade allowed by Congress (two hun
dred) was already full, he could make no
more appointments. What wo needed was the
rank and file. There #m enough Generals.
id He was afraid our army would soon be in a
he like predicament with a certain great Western
bt herdsman, who, in his air-bitimi to improve
tv hia stock, had entirely overlooked the value
ill of cows ond calves, and to his dismay found
is he had nothing left but bulls.
—■ * ♦ ♦
Latest from tUe ZWortu.
m Buell Relieved of His Command.
Ie Scijcl at Warrcnton to Cut off the Communi
r( j cation of the Rebel Army icilh Bk'himottm —
; n Renewal Activity on James River. — Bull
tn • Nelson SJtol and Killed at LouisciUe.
, n Richmond, Oct. 2.—The Baltimore Ameri
; s can of Monday afternoon says it is reported
r0 that Gen. Buell has been relieved from his
,j command, and assigned to Indianopolis to or-
Iganize paroled prisoners into regiments.
Stocks were rampant in New York Monday,
and prices went up three per cent on the first
», cal J
re Gen. Seigel had advanced to Warrenton
a . and was preparing to cut off all communica
, n tion between the rebel army in the Shenandoah
s t Valley and Richmond.
j The American also reports that there are
intimations of renewed activity on James
]. River, indicating that the present apparent
j suspension of operations is only preparatory
7 . to a systematic movement that will produce
[ s important results.
The Anglo Saxon, from Liverpool, had ar
e rived in New York.
j The defeat of Pope at Manassas, was uni
p. versally regarded in England and France as
j fatal to the Union.
c A powerful ram was openly being built in
g the Mersey, to be used in opening the bloclc
v ade of Charleston.
~ n The addresses of the Governors to Lincoln
„ is not to be made public.
Reports from Galveston, Texas, say that the
(. yellow fever is raging there.
t The Enquirer has received the New York
Times of the 30th.
c Bull Nelson was shot in the Gait House in
, Louisville, on Monday, by Gen. Jefferson C.
. Davis. He expired in a few minutes after re>
. ceiving the wound,
j Gold had advanced to 23f premium.
Commercial circles in Europe predicted the
speerTy recognition of the Southern Confede
, racy. Negotiation were pending before France
and Russia for the stmc- result
j Cater from Europe.
The steamer Angki Saxon, with "Liverpool
dates to the 18th ultimo, has arrived. The
defeat of Pope was regarded in England as a
. most disastrous Federal reverse. A Paris
i correspondent believes that Count Mercier
- has been ordered by the Government of
France to make a conciliatory attempt to put
a stop to the war in America for the sake of
• The Paris Patrie looks upon the American
. war as "about over." The Constitutional
says "Europe cannot wait any longer before
recognizing the Southern Confederacy." The
London Times says all Europe, enemies as
well as friends of the Confederacy, will yield
it admiration. It ha° "gained a reputation
i for genius and valor which the most famous
nations may envy." It opposes recognition,
however, until the South has both and
kept its frontiers by its own exertions."
' The London Herald (Derby's organ) urges
interference, if mediation is refused. The
Liverpool Courier urges France and England
now to interfere. It thinks> they can no lon
ger refuse the anplication for recognition.—
The London Globe thinks "revolutionary
symptoms are but too apparent in the Federal
The news from the Continent is unimpor
tant. GaribaMi is wo?se.
The Opinion Nationale. of Paris, Prince
Napoleon's organ, condemns the idea of an
emancipation proclamation for the negroes in
anticipation, and in very severe terms, while
the Dublin Freeman's Journal (a Union pa
per) points out the inutility of such a measure
for the negroes themselves.
From the Rockingham Register, Sept. 26th.
Our Wounded Soldiers.
The public highway in the Valley of Vir
ginia from Winchester to Staunton, is now
crowded with suffering, wounded soldiers—
poor fellows who were in the fights of Sunday,
Monday, Tuesday and especially in the terri
ble fight of Wednesday of last week. These
I poor soldiers are wounded in almost every
part of their bodies, some in feet, some in legs,
and others in their hands, arms and heads.—
They left the battle field to make their way to
some hospital or other, or to their homes*—
Many of them are not able to hire s eon?ey
ance, whilst they are scarcely able to trudge
along the wearisome and toilsome road which
stretches out before them. Many of them,
we doubt not, frequently suffer from hunger,
as almost every farm-house by the wayside
has been "eat out" by the pumbers who
throng this great highway of travel. It is an
exceedingly painful sight to ns to see these
poor, ragged, toil-worn, battle-scarred heroes
trudging Wearily and painfully along, with j
the pangs of hunger superadded to their other I
afflictions. It is the duty of every man and j
of every woman in our once smiling and
peaceful .Valley to look to the comfort and
welfare of these patriots. Many of them are
native-born Virginians, whilst others come
from other and distant States of the Confede
racy. They are all our brothers and friends,
and as such deserve not only oar gratitude,
bat our promptest and kindest attentions. —
Let this Valley maintain its ancient and well
known character for hospitality. Let these
soldiers be looked after—let their wour, Ii 9
dressed anew —let be fe<\, and no
comfortable as our circumstances will
us to do. It is an imperative duty, prom
alike by the nobles* patriotism and the i il ••-■.
exalted sense of Christian obligation.
1 » 4
The Yankee Version of the B« -
tie of Ball's Bluff—their
Driven Panic Striken info too
River and Imraense
of their Men.
j The Yankees confess to the re:r*i' 7 o ::<*e- v
ter that befell that portion of their arbij that
was thrown, after the" battle of Bharj>ffburg,
on this side of the Potomac as ■■ n al,-...; ...---
Instead of pursuing our forces, us was intend
ed, they were driven back pauic-strjke i ict'o
j the river, and but few were left of them to
'ell the tale. The slaughter was terrific.—
i The correspondent of tile New York Sordid
writes of the affair:
I regret to say I have a disaster i rsfead df
a victory to chronicle. This morning ;• \ ri
gade from Morell's division, not obsery.-g cot
presence of the enemy on the i ide,
advanced to the river and crossed meeting no
resistance but the depth of water, which »i.t
I overcame by wading or swimming.
j The 118 th Pennsylvania and the 18th Ma
sachusetts had no sooner crossed and advfinc :
I ed up the bluff about fifty rods, than they
I suddenly discovered that they were hemmed
in on three sides by overwhelming masses of
infantry, who immediately opened it most
terrible" fire of musketry from every part of
their line. General Barnes, who commanded
the brigade, instantly ordered his men to fall
back and recross the river. A scene of the
wildest confusion and most terrible slaughter
then occurred. The rebels pressed them ctcrSS
ly, and shot down our men by hundreds as
they attempted to ford the river. Great num
bers of the wounded could not contend with
the rapid current, and were almost in-tantiy
drowned. The rebels kept up their fire, while
they were in the water, and all who did not
escape were shot down without mercy.
The 118 th Pennsylvania passed over the
river 1,040 strong, I have just seen all there
. is left of this splendid regiment, which leftihd
Old Keystone State but a few weeks since.—
Portions of two companies are all that remain
of the fine men who crossed the river this
morning. All the rest are killed, wounded
or taken-prisoners. Only thirty of th? wound
ed succeeded in reaching this side. To night,
in position, we are exactly where we were
last evening, but in numbers we have lost at
least 800 brave men.
Various opinions are expressed about tfao
policy of attempting such a move without
sufficient force. It appears that it was plan
ned and carried out by a corps commander,
without the consent Or knowledge of General
McClellan, who had not at that time fully
made up his mind what would be hi 3 future
» »,»
A Touching Incident:
A more touching incideat than the following
published in the last number of the Southern
Literary Messenger, we have rarely read.—
It wks on the dash of Gen. Stuart around the'
enemy's lines that Capt. Latanc fell. His re
mains were taken care of by Lieut. Latdne,
his brother:
Lieut. Latane carried his brothers dead
body to Mrs. Brockenborough's plantation an
hour or two after his death. On.this sad and
lonely errand he met a party of Yankees, who
followed him to Mrs. Brockenborotigh'a gate*
and. stopping there, tdd him that at* 9'cr'on as
he had placed his brother's body in friendly
hands he must surrender himself a prisoner
* * * Mrs. Broekenbrough sent f.,r
an Episcopal clergyman to perform the fune
ral ceremonies, but the enemy would not per
mit him to pas*. Then, with a few other la
dies, a fair haired little grrl, her apron filled
with white flowers, and a few faithful slaves',
who stood reverently near, a toons Virgin? ■».
matron read the solemn and beautiful burial
service over the cold, still form of one of thy
noblest gentleman .and mint intrepid of -i\
in the Confederate army. She tifetcl i *\\e
Sods heaped upon the coffin lid, V; n sinkuij;
on her knees, in sight and he >.r ■ ■:' : '..-,
she committed his soul's ■■<'•'•:. ■; ■-.< t't&a
stricken hearts he had UiH heli'ibd !. : ._: t > tiie
mercy of the All Father.
From the Army of Xoiiftfri Yn.
By arrivals yesterday we hnvc njctitgencfl
from the army of Northern Virginia a i late
as Sunday last. Ou'' forces wore rtten in po
sition at and around Buuljer Hill —-.Mil: Creek
—a strong position ten mile.- north of Win
chester, our right fiank resting upon O. r ( qan
creek. The previous reports of the »xcelt&st
condition of our army and increased numeri
cal" force are confirmed. It is hejieved wo
confront the enemy herewith dojjihje t- -num
ber of troops We carried into aeti hi t . wps-
McClellan's hc'idq'-vnto.T. \- - . \v-. 30.L
--day. at Martinsbu j. vVit v ? a ]-, -.;ivof
I his force he crossed the P itomac ai Willinms*
I port, whilst, detached corps crossed lower
i down—at Slippherds'towo and Harper's Perry.
j It was rumoured here throughout the d;<
| yesterday, that the battle had begun, but-- a
| late hour last night the rum or had nor been
j confirmed by any official and
i Should therefore be discredited. Tv-b
| communication between Richuund af'd Win
! Chester being complete, early intelligeo eof
| any important movement o? event eon- nctfid '
. With this arm£ may be confidently expected.
1 — Richmond Examiner. OH. \

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