Newspaper Page Text
The Virginian is published every Friday morn
ing, at $2.50 per aunum, if paid in advance, or
within six months after subscribing, otherwise
$3.00 will be charged.
No subscription will be received for a less pe
riod than six months, for which $1.50 will be
No subscription will be discontinued except at
the discretion of the proprietors, until all arrear
ages shall have been paid up.
Any person procuring five responsible subscrir
bers, shall be entitled to a copy gratis.
Terms of Advertising.
One square of 10 lines or less, 75 cents for the
first insertion, and 50 for each continuance. The
number of insertions must be marked upon the
margin, or the advertisement will be continued
till forbidden, and charged accordingly.
To those who advertise by the year, a liberal
discount from the regular rates will be made.
All dues to the oifice may be remitted by mail,
in good and available Bank notes, at the risk of
the Editors, the person remitting taking the Post
master's receipt that the money was deposited
in the mail.
Adjutant and Inspector Genl's Office, \
Richmond, Nov. 27th, 1862. J
GENERAL ORDERS, \
No. 96. /
Commandants of conscripts will cause the fol
lowing order to be published for at least seven
times in a sufficient number of newspapers in
each State of the Confederacy to ensure its
reaching every part of the country :
I. All commissioned officers and enlisted men
who are now absent from their commands from
any other cause than factuttl disability, or duty
under orders from the Secretary of War, «r from
their department commanders, will return to
their commands without delay.
IL. Commissioned officers failing to comply
with the provisions of the foregoing paragraph
Within a reasonable length of time, in no case
to exceed twenty days after the publication of
this order, shall be dropped from the rolls of the
army in disgrace, a»d their names will be fur
nished to the commandant of conscripts for en
rolment in the rank*.
111. All enlisted men who shall fail to comply
with the provisions of paragraph 1., of this or
der, within a reasonable length of time, shall be
considered as deserters, aud treated accordingly,
their names to be furnished to the commandant
of conscripts in their State, for publication, or
suck other actiou as may be deemed most effica
IV. In order to ensure tlie efficient co-opera
tion of all concerned to carry this order into im
mediate effect, Department Commanders are di
rected to require from the commanding officer
of each separate command in their Department
a prompt report of the names of all commission
ed officers and enlisted men now abfent from
their commands. These reports must state in
each case the cause of absence, and any regi
mental, battalion or company commander who
shall neglect to furnish such a report, or who
shall knowingly be guilty of concealing any case
of unauthorized absence, shall, on conviction
thereof, be summarily dismissed.
V. Under the provisions of the 2d clause of
paragraph 1., of General Orders No. 82, com
missioned officers and privates who are incapa
ble of bearing arms in consequence of wounds
received in battle, but who are otkerwisc fit for
service, are required, if not otherwise assigned,
to report to the nearest commandant of con
isoripts in their respe«tive States, who will, if
they are fitted for suejh duty, assign them to the
collection of stragglers and the enforcement of
the provisions of this order, with full power to
call upon the nearest military authority for such
assistance as may be necessary thereto.
VI. Officers of the '****" Depart
ment. charged with payment of troops, are
by directed not to pay any commissioned officer,
non-commissioned officer or private who does not
furnish satisfactory evidence that he is not lia
ble to the penalties described in the foregoing
order. Any disbursing officer who shall make
payment in violation of this order, shall be
liable on his bond for the amount of such pay
ment. By order,
(Signed) S. COOPER,
Adjt. and lnsp. General.
BRIGADE HEADQUARTERS, 1
Abixodon, Va., Nov. 24th, 18G2. )
fPECIAL ORDERS, \
No. 138. /
All the members of the various Companies be
longing 10 the sth Ky. Regiment who have not
faithfully served their term of twelve months,
according to the term of their original enlistment
—all those who have re-enlisted in said Regi
ment —all the members who have an unexpired
term yet to serve, or who have enlisted—all
members of Ficklia's Battaliou, are requested to
report to Col. Hawkins at the earliest moment
for duty without further notice, at the Camp
near Osborne's Ford.
By Order of
Brig. Cen. Com'g.
Chas. E. Maushall, A. A. Gen.
Nov. 28. 1862—tf
Valuable Property for Sale.
THE nndersigned will sell, on the first day of
December, at his Farm near the Alum Well
in this county, all his Farming Utensils, com
prising the usual variety, together with a Corn-
Sheller, Grindstone, Crosscut Saw, Cutting-
Knife &c, Ac.
Also, Horses, Mule Colts, Milch Cows, Year
lings, Sheep and Hogs. Also a quantity of Hay,
The farm, containing 276 acres, in a tolera
ble state of cultivation, will be sold or rented
at the same time.
Terms—For all sums under ten dollars cash
—that amount and over, a credit of six months
will be given, the purchaser giving bond with
security bearing interest from date.
Nov. Uth, 1862—3w T. L. WADE.
Washington County, to wit:
To the Clerk of the County Court of said County:
WE, George V Litchfield, S. W. Carnahan Lynchburg Virginian,
and Joseph Lewark, three freeholders of • -,___» V*
said county, do hereby certify, that by virtue The following beautiful lines commemorat
of a warrant to us directed, by Noble 1 McGin- ing the conduct of the Brigade Brig. Gen.
nis, a Justice of the said county, we have this Robert E. Rodes, in the battle of Seven Pines,
day, on our oaths, viewed and appraised three May 31, 1862. will possess for our readers
head of Cattle, taken up by John N. Humes, on j even more interest than their merit would
his land, as estrays. and assess the value of the j otherwise command, from the fact that the
said estrays at $35 each for two, and 830 for gallant General is a native of Lynchburg,
one of the said three head of Cattle —that is, . iini }_ until within six rears past, a citizen of
SIOO for the three head of Cattle. One is a j Virginia. His brigade, consisting of the 3d,
Steer, about three years old, dark brindle color, j f, t h'~'f)th, 12th, and 26th Alabama Regiments,
no ear marks or brands. One other is a Steer, j , md ' Carter's Battery, from King William
about three years old, color red, no brands, with J C()untv y„ ; oined tne Army of the Potomac
a crop off the leif ear and a half crop off the jji_ j |g§j It was - theri under corn
right ear. Ihe other is a Heifer, red color, J. rf Bri 3dier ( no w Major) Gen. Ewell.
with some white under the belly, no brand b cin S Colonel of the sth Ala. In the
with a crop oil the lett ear, and an under bit , . „_p ti. oi a.*.* v :„ i: «
ff ,, . ,' , ~ ~. ~ battle of Manassas, July 21, though in line
off the right ear. and a swallow fork in tlie same "',,',, ', <_, _ .._
right ear? and about four years old. f *»«** »J and , V nder nre < '* w f. not f
Given under our hands,' this 27th day of No- ***»« to be ordered into actual conflict In
vember 18G2 * October, 1861. Ewell was promoted and Col.
S. yr_ CARNAHAN, Rodes advanced to a Brigadier Generalship,
JOSEPH LEWARK. and the command of the Brigade with which
" GEORGE V. LITCHFIELD. his name is now so indissolubly connected.—
A Copy.—Teste. In the spring of 1862 when, with the bulk of
JOHN G. KREGER. c. c. Gen. Johnstons army, transferred to the Penin-
Dec. 5, 1862.—3w sula, this Brigade was placed in the front line
at Yorktown and engaged at Williamsburg.
At Seven Pines it opened the action on our
side, and was the first to scale the enemy's re
doubts. Its loss on this memorable occasion
exceeds anything that has come to our know
ledge during the war— eleven hundred out of
2500 carried into battle. Notwithstanding
this bloody experience, these brave Alabam
ians were engaged in all the battles before
Richmond, and suffered heavily, particularly
at Malvern Hill. In the Maryland battles,
again, they fought and fully sustained their
dearly bought reputation. One of our Lynch
burg boys, Eugene Blackford, is Major of the
sth regiment of this heroic Brigade.
The lines below are from the pen of
Carter, Esq., of the 4th Va. Cavalry, brother
to Capt. Carter, of the Battery attached to
Rode's Brigade, and nephew to Hill Carter of
Shirley. lie was killed in a skirmish near
Richmoud, a few days after writing them :
Washington County, to wit:
To the Clerk of the County Court, of said County:
WE, William Keller, Samuel W. Carnahan
and Willian Miller, three freeholders of
the said county, do hereby certify, that by vir
tue of a warrant to us directed, by John C.
Campbell, a Justice of the said county, we have
this day, on our oaths, viewed and appraised a
Cow and Calf, taken up by James R. De.-ulmore,
on the public highway, as an estray. and assess
the value of eaid estraj's at twenty five dollars.
The fiaid Cow i* a bundle, with white back
and belly, the right horn sawed off close to the
eye, under and upper bit on the left ear, about
nine years old.- The calf is about ten days olu,
white, with red ears.
Given under our hands, this 2d day of Novem
S W. CARNAHAN,
JOHN G. KREGER, c. c.
Dec. 5. 1862.—3w
I HAVE received orders from the commandant
of the Camp of Instruction. Dublin Depot, to
enroll, as conscripts, al! persons not legally ex
empted from military duty, between the ngus of
eighteen (18) and forty (40) years, and 1 call on
all such persons to report promptly to me, at
Abingdon, on Monday, the -24th, and save me
the painful duty of calling at their doinicils.
D. A. P. CAMPBELL.
Enrolling Officer, Washington county, Va.
Nov. 21. 1862.
THE legal reward of $30 each will be given
for the apprehension and delivery to me at
my office in Abingdon, of the following desert
Floyd Shupe, aged 18 years, light hair, hazel
eyes, florid complexion, 5 feet 10 inches high,
by occupation a farmer, and from Johnson co.,
George W. Bumgardner, aged 21, dark hair,
eyes and complexion, 5 feet 7 inches high, and
by occupation a farmer.
Thomas J. Davis, aged 25, black hair and
eyes, dark complexion, 5 feet 8 inches high, and
by occupation a farmer. «
Also. Jefferson Dye and John T. Martin, de
scription unknown to the undersigned.
J. H. ERNEST,
RAN away from the subscriber, on the night
of the 14th inst., ABIiAM, a slave belong
ing to Col. I. N. Clarkson. He is a about thirty
years old, 5 feet 8 or 10 inches high, slim built,
wears a moustache and goatee, military cap,
black clothes, with sack or frock coat, is quite
fancy in his appearance, and intelligent. He
was bought during the past summer in Charles
ton, S. C, and will, most likely, try to make his
way into the enemy's lines. The above reward
of Twenty-five Dollars will be paid for his re
turn, or lodgment in jail, and information of the
fact sent us by mail or otherwise.
STUART, BUCHANAN & CO.
SaltvMe, Va., Nov. 21, 1862.
WILLIAM CUNNING, an indented appren
tice to the undersigned, ran away on the
Btk inst., without cause. He is about twelve
years old, quite sprightly, and as bad as spright
ly. All persons are warned against harboring
said boy; and I will give a five cent postage
stamp for his apprehension and delivery to me in
S. A. PRESTON.
Two Morse Wagon for Sale.
I HAVE tor sale, a second-hand Two Horse
Wagon and Harness.
WM. M. G. SANDOE.
FIVE tENTS REWARD.
RANAWAV from the subscriber, on the 18th
inst., in the lower end of Washington coun
ty, Va., an indented apprentice by the name of
Said boy is fifteen years old, y feet 10 inches
high, light hair and blue eyes. I will give tho
above reward of Five Cents, and no thanks, for
his delivery to me.
JAS. L. F. CAMPBELL.
A YOKE of gaod Oxen. Apply at this Office.
_Tl [Nov.*2l, 1882.—tf
! BODES' BRIGADE.
\ Down by the Valley 'mid thunder and lightning,
I Down by the Valley 'mid jettings of light,
j Down by the deep-crimsoned Valley of Rich
The twenty-five hundred moved on to the fight;
Onward, still onward, to the portals of glory,
To the sepulchred chambers, yet never dismay
Down by the deep-crimsoned Valley of Rich
; Marched the bold warriors of Rodes' Brigade.
See ye the fires and flashings still leaping,
See ye the tempests and jettings of storm,
See ye the banners of proud Alabama
In front of her columns move steadily on ;
Hear ye the music that gladdens each comrade,
Riding on wings thro' torrent of sounds.
Hear ye the booming adowu the red Valley,
Carter unbuckles his swarthy old hounds.
Fifth Alabama! I saw your brave column
Rush through the channels of living and dead;
Twelfth Alabama I why weep yotir old war
He died as he wished, in the gear, at your head.
Seven Pines! ye will tell on the pages of glory,
How the blood of the South ebbed away 'neath
your shade ;
How the boys of Virginia fought in the red Val
And fell in the colums of Rodes' Brigade.
Fathers and Mothers, ye weep for your jewels;
Sisters, ye weep tor your brothers in vain;
Maidens, ye weep for your sunny-eyed lovers —
Weep, for they never can come back again;
But know ye that victory, the shrine of the
Encircles the houses of death newly made,
And know ye that freedom, the shrine of the
Shines forth on the banners of Roues' Brigade.
Daughters of Southland, come bring ye bright
Weave ye a chaplet for the brow of the brave,
Bring ye the emblems of freedom and victory ;
Bring ye the emblems of death and the grave:
Bring ye some motto befitting a hero ;
Bring ye exotics that never will fade;
Come to the deep-crimsoned Valley of Rich
And crown the young chieftain who led his
The defence of Mr. Buchanan seems to have
done him very little good in the North. The
Herald, in reviewing the points made in it,
This defence will only operate to confirm
the universal public opinion of both hemis
pheres to the prejudice of our unfortunate ex-
President. From point to point we may de
molish the specifications and shallow reasons
and arguments of Mr. Buchanan for his de
plorable course in permitting a contemptible
Southern conspiracy in the outset to ripen
into an organized, t-ysteniatic, extensive and
formidable rebellion." But the evidence is so
broad, stroUg and clear against him, that ar
gument is unnecessary. The simple truth is,
that from the personal mortifications and pre
judices of Mr. Buchanan, resulting from the
election of 1860, and from his pitiable im
becility, credulity and trembling obedience
to the leading Southern traitors in Congress
and in his Cabinet, he was bound hand and
foot, and was thus, poor old unfortunate man,
rendered utterly helpless to save the country
or himself. An ounce of moral courage on
his part at the right time, would have placed
him high aloft alongside of Andrew. Jackson
in the estimation of a grateful people. But
no paltry excuses can save him now from the
condemnation of his cotemporaries and of
posterity. With a selfish degradation of
weakness unparalleled in the history of
modern nations, he temporized, equivocated,
shut his eyes, and blinked the question of his
duty, in order to throw all the burdens of
this war upon the administration elected to
succeed him. We presume that Gen. Scott
will give him another broadside, although no
answer to this lame and impotent defence of
Mr. Buchanan is needed we think.
The T, hiladelphia Press is even more severe
on "the venerable sage of Wheatland." In
closing its review of his defence, it says:
We now dismiss James Buchanan. He
announces the intention of publishing very
soon "a historical review, prepared a year
ago." He had better burn his sheets and say
no more. His last defence has only dragged
him deeper in the slough of shame. Let him
beg for mercy at the hands of an outraged
country, and from the men to come after
him, that they may not curse his memory as
men now curse the memory of those rulers
who came at distant periods in the world's
history, to punish, and oppress, and betray
Some years ago, a Russian nobleman was
traveling on special business in the interior
of Russia. It was the beginning of Avinter,
but the frost had set in early. His carriage
rolled up to an inn, and he demanded a re
lay of horses to carry him to the next station,
where he intended to spend the night. The
inn-keeper entreated him not to proceed; for
he said there was danger in traveling so late,
the wolves were out. But the nobleman
thought the man merely wished to keep him
as a guest; be said it was too early for wolves,
and ordered the horses to be put to. He
then drove off with bis wife and his only
daughter inside the carriage with him.
On the box of the carriage was a serf, who
had been born on the nobleman's estate, to
whom be was much attached, and who loved
bis master us he loved his own life. They
rolled over the hardened snow, and there
seemed no signs of danger. The moon shed
her pale light, and brought out into burnish
ed silver the road on which they were going.
At length the little girl said to her father,
"What was that strange howling sound that I
just beard !" "0 nothing but the wind sing
ing through the forest trees," replied the
father. The child shut her eyes and was
quiet. But soon she said again, "Listen,
father; it is not like the wind, I think." The
father listened: and far, far away in the dis
tance behind him, through the clear, cold,
frosty air, he heard a noise which he too well
knew the meaning of.
He then put down the window, and spoke
to his servant: "The wolves I fear, are af
ter us; make haste. Tell the man to drive
faster, and get your pistols ready." The
postillion drove faster. But the same mourn
ful sound which the child heard approached
nearer and nearer. It was quite sure that a
pack of wolves had scented them out. The
nobleman tried to calm the anxious fears of
his child and wife.
At last the baying of the pack was distinct
ly heard. So he said to his servant, ••When
they come up with us, do you single out one
and fire, and I will single out another; and
while the rest are devouring them, we shall
get on." As soon as he put down the win
dow, he saw the pack in full cry behind, the
large dog-wolf at their head. Two shots were
fired, and two wolves fell. The others in
stantly set upon them and devoured them;
and meanwhile the carriage gained ground.
But the taste of blood only made them more
furious, and they were soon up with the car
riage again. Two more shots were fired, and
two more fell and were devoured. But the
carriage was speedily overtaken, and the post
house was yet far distant.
The nobleman then ordered the postillion
to loose one of his leaders, that they might
gain a little time. This was done, and the
poor horse plunged frantically in the forest,
and the wolves after him, and was soon torn
to pieces. Then another horse was sent off,
and shared the same fate. The carriage
labored on as fast as it could with the two re
maining horses; the post-house was still dis
At length the servant said to his master,
"I have served you ever since I was a child;
I love you as my own self. Nothing can now
save you but one thing. Let me save you. I
ask you only to look after my wife and little
ones." The nobleman remonstrated, but in
vain. When the wolves next came up, the
servant threw himself amongst them. The
panting horses galloped on with the carriage,
and the gates of the post-house just closed in
'upon it, as the fearful pack were on the point
of making the last and fatal attack. But the
travelers were safe.
The next morning they went out and saw
the place where the faithful servant had been
pulled down by the wolves. His bones were
only there. And on that spot the nobleman
erected a wooden pillar, on which is written,
"Greater love hath no man than this, that a
man lay down his life for his friend." "But
God commendeth his love towards us, in that
while we were yet sinners Christ died for us."'
An Objection to Low Prices.
A gentleman gravely remark'd a few days
ago, that he was not so sure that this reduc
tion of the price of cotton goods was so great
a benefit after all; for that while his wife
wouldn't buy a yard when the price was |
seventy cents, she now insisted upon having a
whole piece at So cents !— iaydtevilh Obs.
Statement of a Returned -Prisoner—
The Battle of Secessionville
A gentleman who has been confined at Hil
ton Head, in Castle William, New York Har
bor, and Fort Delaware, has furnished the
Charleston Courier with some interesting ,
facts gathered during his incarceration :
At the time of the battle of Secessionville",
he was at Hilton Head, and he states that the
reverses sustained in that engagemont were
much greater than we had supposed them.—
The Abolitionists reported that "the island
was bristling with guns, and at every move
new batteries opened upon them." They evi
dently labored under a panic from the extent
of their losses. The Medical Director at Hil
ton Head reported the number of "killed,
wounded and missing" at thirteen hundred
and .*ixty-nine. It appears that the battle
was jyrecipitated by the information from the
negro Small, of the Planter, who had unin
tentionally misled them "by informing them
that the batteries on James' Island were
mostly dismantled, and the greater portion of
our troops sent to Virginia. In consequence
of their disasters in this battle, so great was
the feeling against Small at his supposed
treachery, that he narrowly escaped hanging
at the North.
He makes the interesting statement that
the negroes-now in their possession, or em
ployment—with a small exception—would
willingly return to their owner*, but they are
closely watched, and many have been shot in
their attempts to escape. In order to seek
their protection, who otherwise would have
preferred living at their ease in the woods,
and obtaining their supplies from the desert
ed plantations, they caused all these means
of subsistence to be removed to Hilton Head;
so that the poor devils had no alternative
save between starvation and Yankee protec
tion and fraternization.
On one occasion, when a sentinel had threat
ened a negro with the bayonet for some slight
fault, Gen. Hunter had him put in solitary
confinement, for having, as he said, insulted
a loyal citizen of South Carolina.
From the Atlanta Confederacy.
Narrow Escape of Gen. Morgan*
While Gen. Morgan's command was at Gal
latin, he received information that a large
I division of the Abolition army was approach
j ing Nashville by the way of Tyree Springs.
He accordingly selected three hundred men
from the brigade, for the purpose of ambush
! ing them and capturing their wagon train.
! He arrived at the road just as the head of the
Yankee column was approaching, and select
! ing a good position, succeeded in pouring ft
| very destructive fire into them. The General
! arranged his men on the side of the road,
! and piacing himself at the head of the line,
instructed them to retain their tire until he
gave the signal, which was to be the tiring of
his own pistol. The signal was given, aid
immediately three hundred double barreled
guns were discharged right into the midst of
the Yankee horde.
The effect can be imagined better than
described. The whole column recoiled in
great confusion, and it was sometime before
tlie enemy could regain their equilibrium.—»
Our men had time to reload and discharge
another volley before their artillery conld be
brought tr> bear on us. When we were com
pelled to retire, the General made a circuit
to the rear, and placing his men in another
good position, instructed them to await the
approach of the next brigade, while he rode
on with one of his officers towards Louisville
to ascertain how far it was behind.
In this ride he captured about a dozen pri
soners, most of whom were officers. He was
so much entertained by this amusement, that
lie was gone longer than he was aware*—•
In the meantime the enemy finding out that
our men had taken position in their rear,
sent back two regiments of cavalry and drove
them from their position. The General, not
being aware of this, rode back to where be
had left his men. but what was his surprise
when he found himself in front of about two
thousand "blue coats." The Abolition officer
immediately rode forward and ordered him
to halt, and demanded the signal. The Ge
neral replied, "What do yon mean, sir, by
demanding a signal of an officer of my rank.
I'll teach you. sir, how to insult a govern
ment officer by demanding signals when yon
should be attending to other matters of great
He then ordered them to open the way for
a column of infantry which he was going
back to bring up. The 'officer touched hi»
hat, and immediately gave way while Gen.
Morgan rode through their column. As he
rode along he would address the stragglers,
ordering them to "move up," that they were
no better than deserters, and only wmted
Morgan to catch them. They would touch
their hats and move up briskly. In the
meantime the prisoners who were following
the General were convulsed with laughter,
thinking no doubt tl at he was their prisoner,
and they would see the fun out before giving
him op. If this was their calculation they
were sadly deceived, for the General coming
to a place in the lawn where the fence was
low, put spurs to his horse, and bidding bis
captured officers good day, was soon oot of
What must have been their reflection, when
they beheld him disappear from* their sight.
I have no doubt they regard him as a spirit.
The recruiting offices in Philadelphia are
to be closed, and the recruiting sergeants are
to leave respective regiments at once.
It is said that the recruiting offices through
out the State have generally met with but in
different success for some time past*