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The Abingdon Virginian. [volume] (Abingdon [Va.]) 1849-1883, March 20, 1863, Image 1

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VOLUME 23.
'Mstm&
The Virgin ia.n is published every Friday morn
ing, at $3.00 per annum, if paid in advance, or
within threa mouths after subscribing, otherwise
$8.50 will be charged.
No subscription will be received for a less pc-
Kod than six montfis, for which $1.50 will be I
charged.
No subscription will be discontinued except at
tike discretion of the proprietors, until all arrear
ages shall have beea paid up. •
Any person procuring five responsible subscri
bers, shall be entitled to a copy gratis,"
Terms of Advertlstats.
, "Oftfc sqaftra of 10 lines or less, $1.00 for. the
•arat insertioh, and 75 for eaoh cant inuance. The
'fctunber of insertions must be marked upon the
or the advertisement will be continued
. till forbidden.-, and charged accordingly.
■To those who advertise by the year, a liberal
discount from the regular rates will be made.
All dues to the office ifcay.be remitted.by mail, •
in good and available Bunk notes, at the risk of
the Editors, the person remitriug takrftgthe Post
master's receipt that the money was deposited
in the mail. ' • .
Obituaries of more thon 10 lines will be chnrg
• ed at advertising rates, .fdso tributes of respect,
iml SSnOO far unnouacinc candidates.
Proposed Medi-vtloa ov ArMtrs%
tio«. .
Concurrent Resolutions in the Lincoln Senate.
—Emphatic r.-olctt ayainst InL-rJhrotcc !
The fallowing are the proposed concurrent./
resolutions rep"U«'d by Senator Sumner from
the Committee .on Foreign Relations, to whom
was referred the Message of the-.PrPs'ident of
the United States,,communicating, in answer
4-j theresulutiuus of tire Senate,-the corres
p«»ndence on the subject of mediation or ar
bitration, or other measures mokihg to the
termination of the present revolution: ; '
Whereas. It appears from rlie diplomatic
correspondence subiiit'ed to Congr.v-s Mutt a
pnipositiun, friendly iv form, lo'kingtf) paoifi
cation through foreign mediation, has been
made to the U.iited States by the Emperor of
the Frenoh, and promptly decline! by tiie
President; aod wheveas, the idea of mediation
or intervc itio'i in some shape may be feu'ard
ed by foreign Govc.Mufr.iits as practicable, and
such Gi.fjriiwcut*. through tliis misunder-'
standing, may be led to proceedings tendi' ! ?
to emba. rasa "the friendly relations whj.-h now
flkilt between .them and the Uyited .States;
and whereas. Ml order for the future
■oTchance of mUun lersundiog' on, tids suo
ipCt, and to secura for ihe Ci'.ited 'States the
fall, unjoyment freedom from foreign
intervention, which is one of the highest rights
«€ independent. States. U seems fit that Con-
Sess should declare its e-juvicticns thereon;
erefore .
Resolved, (thetfouseerf R-p•esentatiwncjon*
ourring.) Ti»a» while in tiim* p«t the Uuitod
States have sought and. accepted the friendly
mediation or arbitration..'f i'.uoign powers fqr
the pacific adjustment uf in'tei uathmal ques
tions, where the United States were the party
of the first part, and some other soyereign.
power th*>party of the sipnid part; and while
they are not disposod t« misconsjrin* the na
tural and.humane desire of foreign powers to
aid i« arrastiiig d mie*tib trouble, which,
widening in their i»'.s«ence, have afflicted
other omntries, cspccialij in view of the cir-
Cumstaoe/!«s deeply regretted by the Ameri
can people.. that>tiie blow aimed by the rebel
lion at the national, lifejms fallen heavily
upon the : ;UWoriug population of Europe; yet,
notwithstanding ,these things, Congress can
not hesit*te to re.ga;ti every propositicin of
foreign interference in tha present contest as
so far unTaarf'Hiable and irtadmissable, that its
only explanation will be found in a misun
derstanding of the true state of the questions,,
and of the real character of the war in which
the Republic is engaged, .'. - ',
ftoflvcil.- That ti.e Lnited Sratesarenow
franpling with an unprov(»ked and'wicked rf-
which is seeking the destruction of
the Republic that it may build a new power
■tfhose corner-stone, according t> the eonfes-.
aion-vif its chiefs, shall be slavery; that for
the suppression of this rebe'Hon, and thustq,
save the Republic,'and to prevpnf the estab
lishment ot such a power, the National Go
vernment is now cißptqyiHg armies and fleets
in full faith; through these >fforts, all the pur
poses of oomspiratotsaud Rebels will be crush
ed;'that while engaged iiv this struggle, on
which so much depends, any proposition from
a foreign power, whatever form it may take,
having for its effect the arrest of these cfibi'ts,
w in proportion to inUnenco, an en
couragement to the rebellion nnd.toits declar
ed principles,' ar« on this- account is calculat
ed to prolong and embitter the conflict* to,
cause increas~ed expenditures of blood and
treasure, and. to postpone the much desired
day of peace; that with these ccmvicti-ns, anu
not dorfbting that every such proposition, al
though mad/J with good intent, M injurious
to the National interests. Congress will be
obliged to look upon any further attempts in
the same direction as an unfriendly act, wwch
it eflenestly deprecates, to the end that notlj
i«g may occur abroad to strengthen the rebel
lion, or to. weaken those relations of good will
with foreign powers, which the United States
*re happy to cultrvate.. .■.
1 Resdlved, That the rebellion, from its be
ginning and fat back evpn in the conspiracy
which preceded the outbreak, was encourag
ed hy the hope of support from foreign pow
ers; that its chiefs frequently boasted that the
people of Europe were so far dependent upon
the regular supplies of the great Southern
staple, that soonertir later their Governments
would be constrained to take-side with the re
bellion in some effective form,'even to the ex
tent of forcible intervention if the milder form
«*id not prevail; that the rebellion is now sus-'
tainedby thisiiope, which eyery proposition
of foreign interference quickens anew/ arid
that without this|, life-giving support it must
soon yield to the great and pateraal authyirity
of the Natioaal that considering 4
ABINGDON
United States.regret that' foreign powers hftve
nut frankly told the chiefs i* the fb bell ion j
that the work, hi which they am engaged is
hopeful, and that a new Government, such, as
they seek,to found, with slavery as its corner
stone, and with no other declared object of
separate existence, •> so far shyckins to civil
isation and the moral sense of mankind, that
ifemnst n<t expect welcome or recognition in
the commonwealth of nations.
' Resolved, That the United State*, confident
in the justice of their, cause,-which is the
auae also of good'government and of human
igivts everywhere .-among ,iue.h, anxious for
lie speedy" restSrnthm which shall
eenre tranquility at home and remove all oiv
nsi.on f"r eonvdnir.'t abroad, and awaiting
with well assured trust the filial suppression*
f The rebellion througe which alt these things
evened fpom present dangeu will be secured
->rever,-and the Ronuldic one and indiyisahle
riumphant oyer its enemies, will Continue to
tand an example to ronnkind, hereby an
ounce as t-heir anaJteraMe purple, that the
war'will he rigorously prosecuted aei-nrding
o the humane "principles of Christian States
ntil .the.rebellion shall be suppressed;, arid
they reverently invoke upon the cause the
blessings of Almighty 6*-d.
HexohfA, That the President ho requested
to transmit a copy of'these resolutions tbruugh
the Secretary of Stare to th« Ministers of the
United States-'in fnreigtf* countries, that- Xhfi
declaration and protest herein'*et forth may
ho communicated by thenj to the 'Government
to which they ft*y accredited. .
55otv to-Die EJiflferen* Colors.
1. It is important to cleanse the wool, or
ther materiafto he dyed from grease and all
ofelgn matters;which might prwn-t it from
-king the dye", Wool must be well washed
i warm. j*uip suds, rinsed in warm water;
ineezed as dry us possible, and then tint
to the dye. .Cotton and linen must be tho
mghly wet in boiling wafer; and then squeez
d or wring out of it, aud pa; in the dye
et.
2. Use.a copper cauldron for all light-nnd
elicute colors, and an iron pot for black and
::rk colors, the shades of cola: will be re
lated by the strength of the -Tps, the num-
of .times the article is dipped, or the length
: time it remains in the dye.
3. Many dyes that will cofcir cotton will
cave wool and linen untinged, and some that
v 11 color wuwl deeply will dye cotton a very
ghtshade.
4: What is used for brightening "and mak
:g the colors durable are called mordants.—''
lie mordants used here are copperas, [sul
fate of iron,] blue vitriol,, [sulphate of cop
«r.] alum,,wheat br'ari.'lye and. lime water,
'nose who cannot .obtain copperas (now a
carce article) use- the water from one of the
ineral springs which U strongly- impregnat
ed with iron. ' . *
5. The best seasons for dyeing with bark
in the spring ana summer, vvjiiie the. sap i-
Rthe tree. Autumn is ihe best -season P&
ig with leaves, and Winter is tire season
yoing with roots, because the sap.of 4ho
e& goes into the roots.,
C v Bark and .roots must be out in small
Wes let the cauldron be two .thirds filled
-ith t*lte pieces, then fill up with water, and
oil for several hoars until the eqter is as
eep *is desired. If leaves and twigfare us«
d, fill the boiler with them, and cover with
water. Two, or three hours steady' boiling
•ill extract the color from the bark, roots and
•saves. Then strain off the.liquid careful!j
rom the sediment, and put if back injpo 'a
can 'boiler, add to it the" alum or copperas,
r both, according to the color desired; let it
je completely dis"so've<J and well mixed .with
le dye, after which immerse the wot wool,
am or cloth in the dye, and proceed aecord
ng to the definite directions for each color. —
ly mixing different barks-, roots and leaves
ogether in fhe same dye, a variety of shades
'different colors are obtained by those who
re skilled in* the art of preparing domestic
yea. The following named trees are liiujm,
sed for dying wool'aud cotton t
Sassafras bark a-ndroots are used for dying
worsted a permanent and beautiful yellow ayd
color., Use a copper boiler, and fiv.'
unces -of alum to" one pound ofwool or wvrst
ed yarns.
Kahnia, or dwarf laurel; dyes cotton a fine
rab color. Use a-copper boiler. The leaves
nd tw.igs of the kaimia aud-about one table
wonful of copperas to three gallons uf dye.
Scald the cottou material in the dye for twen
y'minutes, theft ritrse in cold water, and hang
> dry in the aii'4|l
Willow.-— dyes wool and linen a
eep blae black and dyes cotton a dark slate
d'>r. Use an irt»Q boiler. For black, three
unees of coppera.s to four gallons of dye: for
ate. color, one ounce of copperas insufficient.
.oil fa the dye for twenty ■ minutes, rinse iv
old w,ater and hang to dry. The dye may be
eepened. by a repetition of tho same pagces*
a fresh dye. . i
Red Oak.—Tbe bark and roqfcl dye a*fine
hade o.f chocolate brown. Use-an iron boiler,
wo ounces of copperas to four gallons of dye.
1011, twenty minutes in the dye and rinse Jo
old water. This dyea cotton. The Spanish
ak dyes another shade'of brown. v, *
White Oik.—i.The bark dyes cotton lead co
lor.' Use-an iron'boiler, two ounces of cop
peras to four gallons of dye; scald-, in the dye.
twenty minutes, aod-tanse with cold water.—
Oak bark will not dye wool.' - '" •
Pine bark —all the varieties fourtd in our I
woods—dyes cotton slate color, combined
with the kalmia dyes dove color. For each
color put one ounce-of copperas to four gal
lons of dye and boil in it for twenty minutes.
Rinse the slate color in cold water and the
dove color in cold lye.'., ._
Sweet gum bark dyes cotton dove colot..— [
lie a copper boiler; "a spooufuj of copperas to •
ree gallons of dye, and scald in the dye for
entv minuter, rinse* in coW water. - To pro-1
tea another shade rinse cotton stuff in j
Id lye water, and haug to dry in the air. j
ABINaDOISr, 1 !?^ 20 ' 1863 ;
Guinea Corn.r-Tbe.seed dyes-wool lead co
lon, and will not dye., cotton, Uw an mm i
boilef, a little copperas and rinse in lye.
Maple.—The bark dyes both wool and cot
ton a line dark shade of purple, Use. an iron
boiler and two, ounces of coppers to four gnl
lons of dye; scald In boj dye i-rtwenty mi
nutes and'rinse ifrcold water. % . ,
Beech—The bark dyes dove color. Use a> -
mm boiler and One ounce of copperas to four
gallons "fdye;ripse in cold water, or in lye
for another shade..- .
. Sumach—The leaves and berneSdye black.
Use ah iron boiler, and four ounces of copperas
tv four gWltms of dye. Boil the cotton yarn
or cloth in the dye for an hour, and rinse in
cold water. , i -j '
Wamat-The bar** and roots aye cotton
fawn brown and root color, abecrdmg to the
portion of bark or of roots and copperas.used.
The-leaves boiled into dye color cotton purple
and wool black; when used, without boiling
the leaves dye wool fawn cetor. The green
shells of-the full grown nqts dye black with
copppras. WliatTs dyed black must bet-ips
ed in hold watet; the cotton to be dyed purple
must be rinsed in rye. The fawa, .brown and
root color must be rinsed in cold watei\ The
proportion of copperas used for black is two
ounces to four gallons of dye, for the other
shades use much less cepnera*.
To makoa co!<r%ef* wool, fill a tub with /
alternate layers bi walnut leaves aud wool,!
then pour on water till all iejfnvved. The
next day take oat the.wool and-dry it in the
sun, then replace itin dnother tub with alter
nate layers of-fresh walnut leaves'.. Strain -m?
the water from the old walnut leaves and pour
it over the wool and frefe'b walnut leaves; }et
it remain again till the next jjay. Repeat
xhis process for. one week, adding as much
«ator from day to day as to make the dye
Ifficiant to pover the. wool leaves..
ThisU a fine, permanent fawn folored dye*
Madder dyes wool red* Mis four qua ts
of wheat bran with four gnlloss'of water, and
se» it to ferment., Whten.it 'is quite sour strain
off. the water and dissolve in it a lump of alum
thesiase'ofa hens-egg. Set tlfe, liquid on
the fire in a copper kettle, and just before it
boils mix every pound of' wool.. Then put
into the dye the wet wool or worsted staff to ,
be -dyed, and turning and pressing it frequent
ly, during which hour the dye must be kept
very hot but most not boii, }*jft the -color
should be tarnished. When the woo! is taken,
fr.om the dye pot it must be rivi'od immedi
fately in cool strong lye, or in lime water,
and then,dried.
Spanish brown is used for dyeing cotton
rod. Put a p/mnd of Spanish, brown, pow
dered, into a little bag, ..and ruj» it out in a
gUllon'of hot water till the bag is" conipletejy
emptied of'its contents. Then p.iit the cotton
yarn into the paintedytfater; Htid.jrub. the
color into tl* yarn till all .the coloring mat
ter is transferred from the water to the yarn.
After which put two table-spoon.*ful of din-j
seed oil into the water and boil the yarn in j
it for fifteen minutes, then ban? thayarn" to j
dry. .If the linseed oil.cannot be obtained,
boil the'painted yai-n in new milk for fifteen j
minutes. '
• Solferino pink.^-'Cuta piece oat of the end j
of a pumpkin large enough to admit the hand j
•take out all the seeds and leave U»e strings in. I
Make poke berries ink* a pulp and fill the ca
vity of the pumpkin with them, stir them up
well with the strings and put the worsted
yarn into the mixture, then cover it up close
"with thejiiece of pumpkin that was cut out.
The next day take out the yarn and dry it- in
the air; when dry put the yarn back into the
pumpkin, as before, and cover it up again till
next day. Repeat this process evory.day' till i
the desired-shade of pink' is obtained, then'
rinse the worsted out in cold strong vinegar, [
and dry it for use*. It will take a week to dye I
•the deepest shade of piuk.-(?/«tr/e.Sio« Courier. ■
<t ■» » ■ -.'J
Official Report of I Sie loss of tiie j
l^atteras.. * . I
. Ifer Commander's Account of the Affair. I
The mystery of "who sunk t.ie Hatteras" 1
i«i at last decided. The Thankee papers, eon-j
tain the* following highly interesting report
by her comieauder afthe capture of this ves
sel :
U. S. CONSULATU, KISTGSTON, JaJIAICA, \ ■
Jauqary2l,lßG3. J
To Hon. Gidiotr Welles, Secy of the Navjr
Sir :—lt is my painful duty tfl inform*tha»
Dep&rttaent of the destruction of the United
States steamer Hatteras,. recentiy under my
command, by the rebel steamer: Alabama, oh .
the night of the 11th inst./off the coast bf
Texas. The circumstances of •• tae disaster
are iis" follows: ■ ;• .
On the afternoftn of the llth inst., at 3,30
o'clock, while at another in company with
the fleet, with Com mender Bell, off Galveston,
I was ordered by signal from tfce flag ship
Brooklyn to chase a sail to' southward or
eastward. ' ' - -
I gOfftrnder way imfoediatery, and sftamed
with aff'speed in the direction indicated. .Af
ter, some time a strange sail could be seen
from the Hatteras, and which was ascertain
ed to be a steamer, which fact I. communicat
ed to the.flag ship by signal: I continued
•chase, and rapidly gained npon the suspi
eioUsvessel. When within about four miles
of her, I observed that 'she had ceased to
steam, and -wjm lying broadside awaiting us.
Tt was nearly ? o'clock and aji|te dark; but
notwithstanding the obscurity of* the night,' I
/eh assured; from the general character of
the veftfeel,aud her marioeuvering, that I would
soon encounter^ the steamer Alabama.
Being able, to work but four; gnus on the
sides of the sfrnrt thirty-two
pounders, one thirty pounder ltfied gun, and
one twenty-poundOr filled gunV-I concluded
to ole*e with her, that my might 'be a*
effective as possible. I came within easy
spea-king rabge. and, upon i|king, "What
steamer ia that ?'* I receivediinswer, "Her
Britanio Majesty^khip I replied I
would send a boat au4 immediately
gay« the orden '■■> --T
VIRGINIAN.
ljn the meantime both vessels were change
j ing their-positibne, the stranger endeavoring
to gain a for a raking fire.
Almost simultaneously with piping away
-the boat the stranger replied: "We ate the
Confederate steamer' Alabama,* which was
tctorapanied with a broadside, I at the rfame '
nomont returned the fire' and steered directly
toward the Aiabaiaa, but she was Enabled by
her great speed, and by the foulness of the
bottom of thfl Hatteras, .and consequently her
diminished speed, to thwart my attempt when
1 bad gained a distance of but thirty yard*
from, her." . •
At' this range njusketry and pistol shots
wore exchanged. Firing continued with great
vigor on both sides.' At length a shell enter*
fid amidship into the hold, s«ttihg fire to it,
and at.the same instant* shell passed through •
the sick bay,exploding in. an adjeining com
partment, also producing, tire. Another en
tered the cylinder tilling the.'engine »oom and
deck with.steam, and depriving me'of any
power jo maneouvertbe vessel or work the
pumps, on which a seduction of the fire de
pended. With the vessel on fire in two pla
ces, and beyond human power, a hdpeless
wrack, with her walking beam shot away and
her engine rendered useless, I still janaiotain
ed an active tire with the-double hope of dis
abling the-Alabama and attracting the atten
tion of the fleet off Galveston, which was on- ■
ly 28 miles distant.
It was soerc reported to me that shells had
entered die Hatteras at water Use, tearing off ;
entire sheets of, iron, and that water was
rushing in rapidly, utterly defying every at-,
tempt to remedy the evil, and that she was
rapidly sinking, learning this melancholly ,
truth, ahd observing that the" Alabama was
on joy port bows, entirely .beyond range, of
my. guns, doubtless preparing fur a raking fire
of the deck, I'felt Phad no right to sacrifice
uselessly,' and without any: desirable result;'
.the lives of those under my command. To
prevent the blowing, up of the Hattoras from
the-fire, which was.uiakinginuch v progress, X
mdefod the magazine flooded, and afterward
a lee gun to be tired. The Alabama then ask
ed if assistance was desired-,' to which on *af
firmative answer was given. The -Hatteras
,tf«s new going downs In order' to save.-the
lives of my officers, and men, I caused the
armament on the port-side to-be thrown over
board. . ," . . , .
• After considerable delay caused by the re- 4
port that a steamer, was seen coming from
'Galveston,'the Alabama sent ns'assistance,
and.l have the pleasure'of informing the De
partment that every living bqing was Convey
ed safely from the Hatteras to the Alabama.,
Ten minutes after leaving the Hattoras she
.went ilown bow first, with her penant at her '
mast-head, and with all her muskets and
stores of 'every character, the eriemy "not be
ing able, owing to h§r rapid sinking, to, obtain
a single weapon. The battery upop the Ala;
bama brought into action against the steamer
| Hatteras numbered seven guns. .
jromjgghe character of the contest, and the
\ amounfof damage done to the Afabama, I
j have ho reason: to believe that any Officer fail
jed iv his duty. To the, men of the Hatteras
! L cannot give too much praise. Their enthu
i siasm and bravery were of the highest order. .
I I enclose the report of the Assistant Surgeon,
by which you will observe that five men were
wounded and two killed.
•■•' lam, very respectfully,
R. C. CLARKE,
Lieutenani Commanding. .
The Crai&e of tbe Reteibution. *
• The Nassau correspondent of »the Charles-'
I ton Courier, writing' under dato of February
} 20, says : ''~.'■ -• , ■
The Confederate privateer Retftbution,
POmpfc Parker, came into Nassau this-pio'rning,.
' from a vVy successful cruise, during which
! she has been spreading datastation amid the
j commerce of, the enemies of our. country.—
I Among the Yankee vessels which have fallen. ■
j into the hands-of the' gallant privateersmen,
fare the following: • • . ».
Bark Mary Wright, Miller, bound, from
1 Portland, Maine, to Trinida4 with, assorted
i cargo. She was destroyed by'fire, •
Brig J. P. Ellieott, Devereaux, bound from
Buckporfc, Maine, to Cientuegos, A prize.'
crew was put on board and she was sent to
the Confederacy. , ','--*\
BviK E r * e > bound from Camdfpt. Maine,- to
Damarara, with a load of lumber. She was.
destroyed by tire.
Schooner Hanover,-Case, bound; from Prb»*
•vincetown, Mass., to-Su Pvmingo, with, an
assorted cargo. vA prize „e*ew was pdt on f
board'and she'was' sent to the Confederacy,,
Brig Emily FJsher, -Staples, bound from
St. Jago de Cubny to New York, with a.car-.
goof sugar. The vessel was'captured and
run ashore on Qrooked. Island —one of the
Bahamas, Captaui Parker ; brought the
into Nassau as 1 prisoners". •■" ■* ■
' While off Blanquillo, in the Caribbean Sea,
the Retribution met an unknown whoier;--.
The Yankees stowed £fibe, firing upon the,
boat's crew of the privateer*, and killing one •
man. One, shot from the RetAutfon sunk
her, and it" is supposed, ail on board. viator- '
matiou has reached her©-that the'Etiieot* has
been recaptured by the-Yankees at St. Tho
mas. The .officers, and crew of the privatejr
are all well'aad i*fine spirits.. After the ne
cessary repairs are procured, go
forth again upon "the high seas up.on her mus
siou q{ retribution/ • .
■ ■ a ...»»♦' v,-, j. ' '
There is an old grey beaded man, says the. *
Port Hudson Courier, who wmeVto our office ,
regularly for his paper,aud«pon the announce-'
meut of any injury done to the Federals, the «.
old man's eyes will flash with eagerness as he
reads/ We asked him the other day how
long be had" been in the army. "Ever since
it began," was, His sententious reply. "My
five boys are all in the. anfty, and there
intend to stay until they leafn to let u> alonrf"
With sentiments like these, we thought, a, '
people might be assailed in evejy cohorivabk
point, bono conquer fhera would be impose!-" >
ble.* ': . "' . '
No. 50^:
Greely on the Cloimi of the BebeliY
! THE, WAR AND THE WAY%) CLOSfelfi l
' Greely thinks the only way to get peace $
•a vigorous the war. He wlsnef
peace w.ere possible without further hostffi*
'ties, but it is hot. The pretence of the rebek
i thaJrtney only "ask t$ be let alone" is utterly
(false. He thus discourses,:
They ask impnuitym trailing out whif
remains of life fn loyal.East Te*ri'ne»see;the3f
■•auk'that"W,est Virginia, which abhors theti
j and was never under their tway, be given «*'
to military execution at thciv hands; they, as*
that Missour* in'which they do not now f|y a)
flag, be surrendered to their sway? they ask
that New Mexico and Arizona, out of wbioaf
they havfc been driven by war/ be givflo up tot
them-by peace: they ask that tiie Dumerouf
Unionists of the "South' and Southwest be.
abandoned to theft tender mercies—dart* ox
them to be enslaved; other*, to be killed; aH
to be stripped to the skin by a merciless ecse*
iiscation. Apart'from and taeme
montous issue of. Union or Disunion, it tgt:
morally impossible that the demands of the
rebel chiefs should bo oofceeded, We tna-y *bff
so beaten, rotrted, conquered, as to be fereeoV
to accept very hard conditions; but while
the Union armies hold Norfolk, Winchester,
Nashville, Memphis, Baton Rouge, New; Oiv
leans, and menace at once Charleston; Setae*
nah, Vicksburg, &c., nothing
of that sort can be listened to; briefly, we eft
in ths-orisis of a-.great war, «md it* issue
mast determine the destiny of our contifteak
Should the slaveholders' rebellion' triunfph !f
--will mould to its fundamental conception*/
mot a part'of the old Union, but the who'll o£
it. • ■ ■ . • • ■
. The passage of the. National Militia" aid
Firianc* bFlis have placed the means of ofet**
coming the rebellion fairly Vi bin the reaek
of die President and -his. Cabinet.. What if *
still needed is, that these, melons be promptly
made available, skilfully wielded'and Ylgo
rously'applied: The rebellion conic*:. hare
been VueheU far more easily in 136.1 than in
1863, it can be discomfited with las* efjfoxf *
and at has cost 1863 than in 1864 v And
all the pompous gasconade about "dying ik
the last ditch," &c, is sheer nonsense, Uft
the counter cry that "we will never give 4p
the Union;" If We get whippedVin a. faW
great battles we shall have to give* ujp; and
if the rebels are handsomely flogged in Vir
ginia ahd, on, the Mississippi, they will fWfl
their "last ditch" a good deal harder than
they have supposed is, All their gas about
taking to the .swamps, the mountains* and
maintaining a .guerilla contest. for, t year*.,
should their reghlaf arnries be routed, igUbree
• the*rital fact that they, are figging for sieve*
ry, and that six months of guerilla warfare
would put an end to this. So the talk oit oaw
side of making this a ten years war, if neoes
sary, fighting,tot-he last man, etc., o*erlooka '
the vital facts of th 9 enermdnsl? inoreaieH e»
pensiveness; -of modern 'warfare, the rapid
waste .and destruction of steam i-oat«, railway
machinery, and .rolling stock in'a struggle
like burs; the multiplication 'of' privateer*
and the impatience of foreign Powers, Ht
View, of the derangement of 4'ieir ibdaeery
and the.famishing.discontent of their lata**
era. Bettor call out one.millimi men at once*
than allow this to run int.' another yeeri
We trust that the next 4thof July will enable*
as to see Clearly the end of it. •
' • I'll «DN ■ ,', i'» — *! ' ' +-, t
*SSe m,I S. L„" jthe able andip;..'resting Rick*
mond torfespondernt 6f the X oxville Regie*
ter,.gives the following amusing incident ia
one of his letters :", " '.
V«ntrl!Soqalii : :i rt
Last night I jailed on Col. Scott, of the
Louisiana Cavalry. Yon bar* .>ftei*£ear4 of'
him in western campaigns. While in Kea*
tucky, bis'negro boy, who has followed aaat"
since the war began? disrobed it dead Yankeev
! and assumed the garb of a Scleral sergeant*
f While oh his way to Rrcban-mtl a'TentriUo*
[ qoist, ope of the tribe of .BeH»'mni*j leerfced
\ the story connected with the-noaro's-appjual.
After nightfall, when the negro ras noddte
with a valise between his feet, a
voioe proceeded from it. *,
:. Voice—l #ay, Sam, wake opf them's a*f
'clothes- got on. •• '-' ' - "'
. Sam— Who* dat? (The Cofooel auje tk«t
Sam's eyeballs protruded a tout when ike ,
carpet-sack began the*colloquy.)
Yoice— l'm'lehabat*Smith,of"the lftk
Connecticut, killed at Lexington, Kentucky.
Yog robbed me of «y elothee. , .
Sam—'Fore God, piassa Yankee, I cMc/i
jspec you'd want 'em . •
. -Voice—OS 'with,'em,'''TH-n yon. - ?Tj'±*
In less tban.a
There be stood in the tireless Car, on a.- eotA
winter night. teeth chattel his buok
ped.wool strajghtejkd, and his eyes «J4>
ing about-in the agony of hopclese
Neisr since, has Sam touched the Ysekav'
clothing. He wears the tattered homeepiee»
wliicli he d'onq'ed jat the beginning of thf «rM*
When he his w«m
robe with apjsnrel, with the eertrtlcate that H
was pever woven nor worn iff New England,
and Sam will live and die a' happier maau»-
He las, like the rest of as, a> holy how* of
Puritanism, in dress, religion and politJbi, ,
especiatlly in the matter jst dress.
Destructive Fire in Xi: buioaaA
RicHitosfD, March It—A fire, this
at the cornej of Canal and 7th dlstrfey>
ed Brown's Warehouse, containing hefeetffc
•seven and eight .hundred hogsheads of eokea»
co,.talued at present prices at $->JO,O(XV alai
three thousand kphels of corn belonging te
the government. The Ijaildihg belonged/ to
the State."
FsoEEAt Deserters.—-.The Washington aer- ,
respondent of the Cincinnati QhXbiMeaye, cm
the 29th uft:
• "Tins, very morning.General HaHeek few
dared that there yen tuknty-tV!» tiunuand 4*
serte*B from the Army of the Po.omao aleso.
■Our ojher armies are'depleted in a similar de
gree." ; .
~ ■ ■ i.. .-»■'■• •

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