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Swaw. TheVißQiNiaMis published every Friday morn ing, at $4.00 per annum, if paid in advance, or within three months after subscribing, otherwise $4.50 will be charged. No subscription will be received for a less pe riod than six months,' for which $2.00 will be charged. No subscription will be discontinued except at the discretion of the proprietors, until all arrear ages shall have been .paid up. Any person procuring five responsible subscri bers, shall be entitled to a copy gratis. Terms of Advertising-. One square of 10 lines or less, $1.00 for the trst insertion, and 75 for each continuance. The number of insertions must be marked upon the margin, or the advertisement will he continued till forbidden, and charged accordingly. To those who. advertise by the year, a liberal discount from the regular rates will be made. . All dues to the office may be remitted by mail, in good and available Bank notes, at the risk of the Editors, the person remitting taking the Post master's receipt that the money was deposited in the mail. Obituaries of more than 10 lines will be charg ed at advertising rates, also tributes of respect, and $5.00 for announcing candidates. ■H -—- ■ — Speech of Senator Wall of New Jersey. He declares for a*> Immediate cessation ofhos * lilities, kc. The New York World of tbe Ist inst., pub lishes, in full, a speech delivered by Hon. Jas. W. Wall, of New Jersey, before the Demo craticclnb of Philadelphia, May 9th. It oc cupies nearly five columns of small type, and is devoted chiefly to a review of the antece dents of tbe war. It quotes the record freely to fix upon the Black Republican party the responsibility of this iniquitous war. The following extracts from the address will be read with interest: There clearly was a time in the history and Erogress of this event, when the war might aye been averted under the guidance of a wise and prudent statesmanship; but, unfor tunately, as I have before said, the revolution caught us with fools and fanatics in power.— I believed at the onset, as I know now, that it would have been infinitely better to have let the seceding States depart in peace. I so urged members of Congress at the time, and the members of the Peace Convention. I be lieved then, as I do now, that such a wise and generous policy would have disarmed resent ments, would have softened and subdued heaSts then swelling; with hate, but which re sistance must harden, and make more bitter still. * * The sword and the bayonet, in a civil strife rike the present, between two such peoples, can never help to the proper disposi tion in the minds of either section for. a wise adjustment, and can never take the place of civil wisdom, without which all the triumphs of the battle field are useless. Soon, whatever may be the result of single battles, diplomacy must take the place of war, or else anarchy, or the resolving this government into a mili tary despotism, must be the result. The idea of this strife continuing for two years longer, with the prospect of increased carnage, stag nation of business, inhibited commerce, is too much for any man, unless it be a shoddy con tractor or a speculator in gold, to contemplate with composure. Sooner or later, by that rough experience, fearful suffering, that has already come, and will be fearfully aggravat ed by the continuance of the war, if not .by the more prudent councils of a wise forbear ance, the hour for compromise and settlement must come. In view of the immense interests at stake for ourselves and those dearer than ourselves, our children, we must endeavor to hasten its coming. It is only fools or knaves who still continue to declare that we will not treat with rebels —we cannot hold parley with those who are striking at the nation's life. * * As the keen forecasting statesman ship of Mr. Douglas very early discovered : "Subjugation, extermination, or separation most be the result of a war between Ifcrthern and Southern States." * * Has not the auestion of the war at last reduced itself to is alternatives predicted by Mr. Douglas ? Can there be any possible settlement except upon the basis of subjugation, annihilation, Or separatisn? Sooner than the first two, in God's name, in the name of common humani ty, I say separation a thousand times! Subjugation or annihilation being alikeim- £ >esible, lam in flavor of an immediate ces tion of hostilities, for" an armistice—that mid the 101 lof the strife the heat of passion shall have time to cool, and the calm, majestic voice of reason can be heard. In the midst of such a calm I am for endeavoring to learn from those in arms against us what their de msnds may be, and inviting their co-opera ti* in the name of a common Christianity, in fchT name of a common humanity, tc some plan of reconciliation or reconstruction by which the sections may reunite upon'a more stable basis—a plan in which the question opon which we have differed so long may be harmoniously adjusted; and each section by virtue of the greatness developed in this war, tnay profit by the experience. If it shall be found that sectional opinions and prejudices are too obstinate, and the exasperations of ..this war have burnt too deep to settle it upon k the basis of reconciliation or reconstruction, then I know that separation and recognition are inevitable. If there is to be a settlement upon the basis of reconstruction, then recon struction can only accomplish its ends by in troducing into our constitutional system a plan whereby for all time to come section shall be protected against section. The plan suggested some years ago, by Mr. Vallandig ham bears the stamp of his clear sagacity and ■ statesmanlike forecast, dividing the country into four large sections or masses, and requir ing a majority of tbe representatives from each to consent to a measure before it should become a law. Mr. Calhoun, notwithstand ing the undeserved obloquy attaching now to his name, was to my nticd the most honest ABINGDON VIRMNM X and comprehensive statesman who grappled with national problems, and I make bold here to say that no wiser, purer, more patriotic statesman ever lived. As early as 1849 he foretold this convulsion unless bis proposed remedy was adopted. He regarded the insti tution of slavery at tbe South as the pillar of their strength, security and civilization, and 1 its disturbance by foreign elenjehts as sure to lead to the downfall of the Union. Hence, his theory of reconstruction looked to the per manenoy and security of tbat favorite institu tion, and to removing it far from the race of intermeddling puritanical philanthropy. He correctly held that the more perfectly a go vernment combines power and liberty of the dominant race the more perfectly it fulfills the end ef its creation. He further held that the government of tbe mere numercial majori ty did not accomplish this in any reasonable djgree; hence he proposed what he denomi nated "the current majority principle," as better suited to prevent the government from transcending the limits in which it was ap pointed to move, and restrict it to its primary end, the protection of the community from elementary disturbance. "It may be that the South might be wil ling to return upon tbe adoption of some such system of reconstruction as this. If this plan of reconciliation and reconstruction fails, then a separation must be a finality. I shall deeply mourn over the necessity that compels each a policy, but will accept it in preference to long years of cruel strife, hopelessly de moralizing our people, prostrating our busi ness, and making us the scorn and pity of Christendom. Impartial history will fasten the responsibility where it belongs, and where Mr. Douglas, in his speech of 1861, placed it, upon the Republican party, who, to use his own forcible language "refused to allow the people at the ballot box to determine for themselves the issue between revolution and war on the one side, and obstinate adherence to a party platform on the other." "I do not henitate to declare in the ears of this administration, and of the Loyal Leaguers, its allies, that if their war upon the personal liberty of tbe subject, in defiance of the guarantees of tbe Constitution, goes on, the time may come when "forbearance ceases to be a virtue," and "resistenoe to tyrants be comes obedience to God." "The recent assault upon that patriotic champion of the Constitution and tbe rights of the people, Vallandigham, subjecting him to the secret inquisition of a court martial, is an infamous violation of every constitutional provision, and utterly sebversive, if submitted to, of every principle upon which free govern ment rests. Thp all men should yield to the State is beautiful in theory, but good in prac tice only when the State is the aggregate ef legitimate private constitutional interests, ad ministered by honest persons. The true pub lic interest is composed of the aggregate por tion of such private interests—and when tbe State makes war upon these, in a free govern ment, that assailed interest has a right bold ly to assert itself, and demand a hearing. In despoti ms, private interests are not openly heard. They must proceed, if at all, by in trigue and by conspiracy. The interest of the State, then, becomes-as it really is fast becom ing here—the interest administered by func tionaries who advance and keep themselves at the public expense, and put down with the strong arm of unlicensed power those who have the courage to complain. We, as De mocrats, nay, as American citizens, only ask (it is all we ever asked) that the great magna chart a of cur freedom shall be observed, and tbe guaranteed rights of the citizens secured. Obedience to the Constitution and the laws has ever been with us, and must ever be, pa ramount to obedience to arbitrary power.— Let our cry be in the fearful contest that is approaching—"We will ask for nothing but what is right; we will submit to nothing that is wrong"—and then if our cry is unheeded, let us pray that some Maccabees shall arise, who will assert the honor of the ancient faith, and defend the temple of bis forefathers with as ardent and determined a spirit as that whicb actuates these innovators to destroy the monuments of the piety, patriotism and glory of our fathers." Letter from Mr. Goggin. To the Editor of,the Whig: I am thankful to you for the kind terms in which you refer to my withdrawal as a candi date for the office of Governor; and as the contest by this time has been, I presume, de cided, there is no longer any reason' why I should be silent in relation to charges made in other journals against those who have been referred to as "party schemers" in connection with my name. While lam acquitted of any blame in the matter, others have been charg ed with a design to promote the election of a particular candidate, and that for such a pur pose, I was induced to withdraw. It is proper, therefore, for me to say that I was influenced by no newspaper articles in your own or in any other paper—nor did any one volunteer to advise me in relation to my duty, save those with whom I am always pleased to counsel, and who, I am sure, would have voted for me, and who preferred me as their first choice. Having been invited, however, by men of both the old parties to become a candidate, I deemed it my duty to consult those of them whom I knew to be friendly to my election, and in no instance did tljey advise me to de cline, on the contrary, it was their earnest de sire that I should continue to be one of the candidates, and with the expression of a be lief part that, in any event, even if all four should continue to be, that I would be easily elected. All my friends, however, freely expressed a wish that there should be but turn candidates. I thought I could plainly discover, howev er, in some localities, from the tone of the press, on both sides of the old party land | marks, as well jut from many of the voters themselves, that there was a disposition to re member party lines at the polls. This was probably, however, not the case with some of j ABii>rqpo:isr, fbidAy, 19,1863. those who supported others, as Ijm sure it tea* not with many, very many, of those who would hsve supported me. But n this as it may, on the morning of the 19th Dwas induc ed to believe, by information whickl deemed reliable, that it.was the determindion of the friends of ore of the candidates on the north j side of James river to withdraw hit nasae. I [ could not wait, at that late houf, within a, week of the election, to know the rlsult of the action taken on their part. But I am very sure now, as I was then, that my friends were perfectly sincere in their belief tjthat some such action was to bo had. As I Vfas anxious to avoid divisions amongst ourselces, and to cqnfine the contest to two instead « four can didates, I therefore hastily sent n>y card to your paper, withdrawing my name, without time or opportunity to advise at tie moment with any one, and certainly with JK> time to confer with the friends ot other candidates, or with the candidates themselves. J withheld in that card any statement of particular rea sons for my course, from a sense J>f duty to others, which must be obvious to fell. I de termined then not to make them known, at least until the report referred to fas ascer tained to be true, or, if not true, ujntil the re sult of the election was known.? I should still, fven now, have remained silint but for the unjust imputation castupon others. If there, was anything wrong in my course} 5 1 am to blame: But lam very sure no wrqhg was in tended on the part of any one towards any of the candidates. In respect to those who were my competi tors, I had my own preferences, which I ex ercised at the polls and for which I am ac countable to no one—it is therefore unneces sary to explain them here. I think! that the friends of more than one of the gentlemen, however, have betrayed more zeal; and less prudence than they have been acctitomed to exhibit, not free altogether from fnsincerity in some instance* md forgetfulness/ot previ ous occurrences in others. 1 forgive them for any wrongs they may have- intended me, and I trust it may be their good fortune, in after time, to be always able to please former friends, and to secure the approval of even old enemies, but never to lose their own self respect. If a desire to discharge my duty fully, and with a view solely to tbe good of my country, could have secured the first of those comforts, the enjoyment of the others would have been the more gratifying still, for I should not then have been suspected of dis loyalty to a mere party in showing loyalty to my State, by those who profess to believe tbat parties should be forgotten—nor shtjnld I be held to account tor the want of a Union senti ment more than two years ago, which I then promptly surrendered when I saw the neces sity of placing Virginia's honor in the keep ing of Virginia's sons. And howefnr the ill timed, carping spirit of the hour < may find fault, even now history has recorded at the polls tbe nnanimous voice of the same fault finders in favor of my action, and in favor of Virginia's separation from a Union which could no longer be tolerated. Tney may gnaw the file, but the vipers are harmless. — And I hays only to repeat, that I have no apology to make for my connexion with the late canvass, with the Convention oT which I was an humble member, or for any>past acts as a public man. Errors I may, and doubt less have, committed, but I feel a conscious ness in the purity and sincerity of all my purposes. To thousands who know me, of ill parties, and who, I have the best reason to know, had determined to give at tbe polls renewed evi dences of their friendship, I return mv thanks for their kindness, assuring them that what ever may betide me, I shall never sacrifice one feeling of devotion to my. old mother State, nor renounce one tithe of my attachment to my section and its institutions, for; the sake of any office, which some of my old political associates could aid them in bestowing upon me. And if I have no power to reward friends, there shall never exist a disposition to punish those who may be my enemies. I am, very respectfully, WM. L. GOGGIN. June 6,1863. • ♦ » , Butler in Bodily Fear. We trust that the following statement in tne Times, about General Butler, is founded on correct information: "His personal safety is so precarious that, like other great tyrants, he has "tasters" to prove the harmlessness of his entrees and ra gouts, and the innocense of his wines, wears a bullet and dagger proof coat of mail under his uniform, and sleeps with revolvers at his pillow, and armed sentinels at his door, to prevent midnight assassination." How pleasing to know tbat the Yankee j Haynau lives in continual fear for the life ( which he deserves to lose 1 But ft is to be hoped that .nobody will assassinate him; be cause, if half of the tales of his atrocities are true, his blood ought not to be shed by bullet or dagger, or curdled with complimentary poison. Butler's circulation should be arrest ed by a legal ligature; at least if it is right that the law should be finished by that means on the person of any malefactor orjmonster. Judith would not have cut Holofernes' head off if she. had any reasonable expectation that he would come to be hanged. live General Butler, in dread of assassination, with the probability of the gallows looming in the distance! Butlers die many times before their deaths; so Ist them, and serve tbem right.— London Punch. By the Atlantic Telegraph. Mons. Vagabone, Monkec, old Abe .-—What de debil you send guns to de Mexicans for to fighty me for? What have I done to you? By gar, if you no apologise pretty damn queck, me blow you to hell. NarouoN. My Dear Mr. Napoleon :— That fellow Adams always was too smart. He sad no or ders to do as ho did. Mr dear, sweet Mr. Napoleon, I apologise with all my heart.— Adams shall be hung.—By'order of old Abe. sYwaso. The Fight In Cnlpeper Tuesday. A brief paragraph in this paper yesterday morning gave our readers the intelligence that a severe fight bad taken place on the Rappahannock, on Tuesday, between portions :of our forces and the enemy. From gentle i men who left Culpeper Court House yesterday ! [ morning, we .are enabled to give some parti culars of the battle, which is represented as having been a desperate one. The forces engaged on our side were Oens. W. R. Lee's, Hampton's Legion, Jones' and Robertson's brigades, with the Beauregard battery from this city and one other company of artillery. Our total force numbered about 4,000. The enemy had, it is estimated, about 10,000 cavalry, seven regiments of infantry and six batteries—the whole under command of Gen. Pleasanton. The enemy commenced to cress the Rap pahannock simultaneously at Beverley's and Kelly's fords and other intermediate points, about daylight Tuesday morning, both of their main columns pushing forward toward Brandy Station, five miles below Culpeper C. H., with the design of getting in rear of our forces, who were between the Court House and the Station. They captured our pickets and thus prevented early intelligence of their movements being reported. The fight com menced at 7 o'clock and about 10 o'clock our forces were all brought in position, and from that time until 2 o'clock, the fight raged with terrific fierceness, our men gradually driving the enemy before them towards the Rappa hannock bridge. About 2 o'clock tbs enemy commenced retreating up the Rappahannook, when Col. Munford, commanding Fitz Lee's brigade, whose camp Was near Oak Shade, crossed the Hazel river, and attacked them in their front. The fight continued to rage un til 6 o'clock, when the beaten and discomfited enemy effected a recrossing of the Rappahan nock at Beverly's and fords adjacent. The enemy fought hand to hand for a time, but relied principally upon their cavalry, dis mounted and used as infantry, and their ar tillery. Our brave troops made many despe rate charges, and were often driven back by sheer force of numbers. They as often ral lied and finally succeeded in forcing the ene my to commence to retreat, leaving many of their dead and wounded in opr hands. Our losses are heavy, and among them some of our best officers. We give the casualties as far as we could ascertain them. The following are among the killed : Col. Williams,-2nd N. C. Lt. Cogffiampion, V S. C, brother of Gen. Wade Hampton. Capt. Townsend, 9th Ta. cavalry. Anthony E. Dornin, Moorman's battery, Lynchburg. J. Kent Langhorne, Co B. Wise Troop, Lynchburg. Preston, Co F. Bedford, 2nd Va. ca valry. We have a partial list of the wounded as follows: Gen. W. H. F. Lee. slightly in hie Lt. Col. White, White's battalion, from Loudon co., Va., in side and arm severely. Major Farley, Stuart's staff, leg shot off. W. D. Nowfin, badly in leg: - Shoema ker slightly, both of Moorman's battery. Private C. J. Mays, Co B. Wise Troep, 2d Va. Cavalry, left arm shattered and bone tak en out. Private S. E. Brown, Co. A. Bedford, 2nd Va. mortally. Willis Goocb, Co, K. Albemarle, 2nd Va badly. Our total casualties are estimated at 250, of whom . about fifty are killed. We lost about 500 prisoners. The enemy's loss is not known, but ac counts represent it as much heavier than ours. Among their killed is a General nam ed Wright.' Hampton's and Gen. W. R. Lee's brigades suffered more severely than any other of our forces, having been engaged throughout the entire fight. We captured 500 prisoners, among them several officers. The location of the severest part of the fighting is stated to have been on the farm of John Minor Botts. It is not supposed that any further fighting will occur immediately, and it is believed tbat the object of the enemy's advance Tuesday was to learn the strength of our forces in Culpeper and endeavor to discover the plans ef Gen. Lee.— Lynchburg Republican. —■-».< c e» s An Eloquent Extract. From an admirable sermon preached in Savannah, Ga., by the Rev. Mr. Elliott, of the Episcopal Churoh, we take the following elo quent extract: Peace, with its soft eye and radiant wing, has not come to us, but victory has I Victo ry, under circumstances meet glorious and unexpected—not only on the land, but upon the sea. Her angel has planted one foot en the earth, and the other on the ocean, and with his sword of vengeance has smitten this insulting and vain-glorious nation. And what a noble spirit has he infused.into the heart of our Confederacy! How it has warmed anew into fervor Virginia, that old mother of he roes and of statesmen. Under the shadow of the Federal Government she seemed to be sinking into the slumber of death, as one dies under the shade of the poisonous Upas tree. But at the war cry of her children, "Sic Sem per Tyrannis," how her rich blood>naa rushed back upon her heart, and startled her into life. The sound of freedom's cry has disen chanted her, and she has sprung full armed into the arena. Her noble acts have gather -led around her from her hills and from her valleys, from all her fields of historic fame, from the blue waters of the Chesapeake to the dark rushing torrent of the Kanawha— sons worthy of such a mother. All her old energy has come back to her. All her power of self-denial snd self-sacrifice has revived within her. Proud, fearless, indomitable, she woks into the very eye of tyranny, and. makes it quail before her majesty of right sad ' truth! The mother of States, ehe bares fee* NO. lie bosom to receive upon it the strokes' which are aimed at her children. Hurling defiance in the teeth of the oppressors, she prepares her* i self to conquer er to die. She hopes, she prays, she struggles for victory, but knowing, that everything is dependant upon her sola stand, she fearlessly takes it. If the genius of evil is to prove triumphant, if legitimate government is again to fall, let it at least fall with honor; Jihame alone has no future. . . . -m Depletion of the Enemy. i There are gratifying evidences tbat the ene my has exhausted his best energies in the straggle for onr subjugation, and that from tbis time his efforts will be the spasmodic en deavor of desperation. From every military department reliable ietelligesee .reaches us that the troops whose term of service has ex pired are going home, while we nowhere bear of any material accession to the Federal for ces from enlistment or conscription. From North Carolina the Newbern corres pondent of the New York World informs no that 12,000 of the nine months and two years regiments are being mustered out of Foster's army. From the Rappahannock wo learn that on one day of week before last five transports, containing 6,000 men, left Acquis Creek for Washington, being a portion of those whose term of enlistment had expired. The Herald admits that from. two te four regiments per day are arriving at home from tbe army of the Potomac; and late telegraphic advices from the North state that the departures nave been so great as to break up Gen. Humphrey's division. Passengers from New Orleans say that 9,000 are going home from Gen. Bank's army, and the same reports come from tho ar mies of Grant and Rosecrans. The number of effective men thus leaving the Federal ser vice during tbe months of May and June will be between 200,000 and 300,000. The draft thus far .has not been enforced, and, from onr own experience with the conscription, it will be some months before their places can be filled if its enforcement is attempted, and when filled, that number of levies of raw con scripts will aid very little to the effect ot the army. » Dividend Declared. Tbe Board of Directors of the Virginia k Tennessee Railroad, at a meeting held in the* city on Wednesday, declared a dividend of six per cent, payable to the Stockholders on and after the Ist of August. Wo are glad to note this evidence of prosperity in this road, and are pleased to hear that in addition to the dividend declared, the company has paid $500,000 of the one million loan made by the State some time since. The company also assumed the payment of the tax of 10 per cent, upon the income of the stockholders from the dividend, due to tbe Confederate I States, which makes the actual dividend,to ibe received by the stockholders equivalent to 7 per cent Stockholders will note this as sumption by the company in giving in their incomes. The above exhibit of prosperity by this company is very gratifying, and is highly creditable to tbe officers of the road, as showing that its affair are managed with great ability and judgment.— Lynchburg Re publican * o * . Distinguished Arrival, Lient. Sydney E. Davis, late an officer i» # the British army, with three other English-* men, arrived in this city en Friday evening from Bull's Island. Lieut. Davis was on board an English schooner, the Captain of which had agreed to bring him to the South ern coast. He had with him a commission and important dispatches for tbe Government at Richmond. The vessel sprung a leak, and Lieut. Davis and three others, in a small boat, left the schooner and made their way to the nearest land, which proved to be Bull's Island. Tbey were taken in charge by our cavalry there and turned over to the Commander on . Sullivan's Island, who ordered a detachment to escort the party to the city to Gen. Ripley's headquarters. On his arrival bees bibited his commission and papers to Gen. Riply. The papers, on examination, confirmed s _e above statement, and Lieut. Davis and his party were released. Lieut. Davis started for Rich mond on Thursday.— Char. Courier. I—■» » , The Western Prisoners. A correspondent of the Savannah News, writing from near Jackson, says: I saw yesterday' and the day before 272 Yankee prisoners, who were captured in and around Jackson. It makes them very mad to call them Yankees. They call themselves "Western men," and say if the d—d blue bellied rascals in Virginia wonld only fight ss they have fought, tbey would have whipped us long before this. Tbey all seem confident of success in this State, and are very imnsrti- • nent in their boasting. They say they intend to overrun and nossess Mississippi; tbat tbey have 300,000 troops in that State u> de it with; that they never saw or heard of such a place as Vicksburg, but that they intend to have it before long, as they have plenty of grape sad canister shot. They seem to think that fight* ing on gunboats is nonsense, and are opposed to fighting on them. Tbey were astonished to see us so well clothed, snd said we look like gentlemen and not soldiers. I never saw a set of men dressed so badly as they were. I saw a dozen or more of them who had no shoes on, and I should judge, from their ap pearance, that their army is in much worse condition than .ours. — * c » ■ ■ —- Anecdote of Gen. Lee. When Mrs. Jackson reached Gen. Lee's headquarters in search of her wounded hus band, she is said to have remarked :< .VI am told, that Gen. Jackson lost bis left arm." •'Yes, madam," was Gen. Lee's reply, "sad I bsve lost my right" What a justttna touching tribute to the than suffering, but new dead hero!