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SflfttUu The ViRGmANis published every Friday morn ___•** V per * nnum ' if Paid in advance, or _ i-_ m *™ months after subscribing, otherwise $5.50 will be charged. • j°-f übscri P tion w iH be received for a less pe 'h ! a SiX moDLtks » for wllich $ 2 -50 will be ' No subscription will be discontinued except at the discretion of the proprietors, until all arrear ages shall have been paid up. Any person procuring five responsible subscri- I hers, shall be entitled to a copy gratis. j Terms of Advertising. One square of 10 lines or less, §1.60 for the first insertion, and $1 for each continuance. The number of insertions .must be marked upon the Jnargin, or the advertisement will be continued till forbidden, and charged accordingly. _ To those who advertise by the year, a liberal discount from the regular rates will-be made. All dues to the office may be remitted by mail, in good and available Bank notes, at the risk of the Editors, the person remitting taking the Post master's receipt that the money was deposited . Obituaries of more than 10 lines will be charg ed atfcdvertisiag rates, also tributes of respect, TERRIFIC SCENE. The correspondent of the N. York World writing from before Vicksburg on the 26tl «ft., gives an account'of the bombardment oi the day before, aud the result of Grant's firsl experiment in mining Vicksburg. The lettei says : The way in which the fort on McPherson'j front was exploded is, as we learn from some of the participants, as follows : After the dig gers had cut across the middle of the fort, which was a prominent fort, and by reason of our flanking it has heen so pierced as to be almost of the parallelogram or nearly au ob long shape, they then deposited in it a ton of powder, and sealed up the cavity as tightly as possible. A train of powder and slow matcTi was only required to explode this im mense mass and set free the enormous ga seous force, so soon as the disposition was made for the climacteric. On yesterday afternoon, about 3 o'clock the troops all along the line might have been seen in order of battle, the guns keening Up their usual din and sharpshooters more than usual ly brisk with their fire. Several prominent officers might have been seen, glasses in hand, and their eyes turned in two directions, main ly, however, on the bump of land in the cen tre. Presently a movement might have been seen of the eajth; upward it rose, as if some . slumbering Man of the Mountain were shak ing off the superfluous covering; in a moment more, through a gaping crater, a shaft of white smoke rushed through, and then a cloud of dust. An instant clatter of fire-arms then •commenced and raged with painful intensity for an hour, when, out of the confusion of the smoke, something might have been seen of two sets of combatants almost, as you may say, at arm's length. f All this while, before and after the explo sion, there was a terrific cannonade. Previ ously, every gun along the line was iv play, and the intervals of a few seconds not rilled with the burst of shells, the crack of guns of all calibres, were closed up by the more aw ful crackle of the infantry along the whole •line. It is true that no assault was bein« made along the line, but the whole circuit oi muskets was, firing—firing into the aimless air; nobody was to be seen, there were the bleak ridges as ever, there the silent forts; but the bullets were whizzing into their en trenchments in myriads of radial lines. We have come to learn and to realize how Fatal all this shower of leaden hail may have been, if it had no ulterior purpose, though not a soul was to be seen. Its real purpose was however, to prevent any concentration on the critical points by feigning an attack at all.— Besides the one on the centre, another was selected on Blair's front which, as we learned afterwards, proved abortive, there being on insufficiency of powder, or being-placed toe After the explosion—which, by the way was noiseless, or at least not noticeable in the roar of hea«y guns—our soldiers rushed foi the breach, intending to occupy the whole o the work. The blast had opened up a rifi right across the fort, extending from wall t( wall. The rebels, as if they had knowledge of the design, or else by a marvelous coinci denee, rushed simultaneously from the othei end. The powder had left a couple of hugs projecting lips, and between them a cratei like fissure, making the distance from furrow to furrow from ten to twenty feet. Thus I ranged behind these new formed walls, oui men found themselves face to face with theii foes, and a dire and dreadful slaughter com menced from perhaps three hundred men or each side, within this arena of two hundret The contest was severe, and the fresh packi of rifles kept an opening on all sides. Th< gunners loaded and fired away vigorously. -me rebels crowded up with great spirit.- Our men went in, a regiment at a time, witt full cartridge boxes, and in 30 minutes wer. relieved by others. The firing for about ai hour was more terrific than any battle fiek ever the gory field of war has witnessed - Had every shot touched its man there woiih have been half a million slain; as it was fr far the greater portions of them found lode ment in the stolid clay. b The first regiment which Tushed in was th scarred remnant of the forty-fifth Illino' whose members lie on a dozen" illustri a fields, led by Colonel Malthy. It ß ] 088 necessarily severe. It was seconded by th "Bloody Seventh" Missouri, who were boo Next went, in the Twentieth Illinois, wh °h U^ a _„■* re3^'a .^ ce .f° r a half hour, w en the ihirty-first Iliinois, under Lieut, yolonel Kessee, went in. Subsequently dur ing the evening and night, the Twenty-third Indiana, the Forty-sixth Illinois, the latter under its beloved Colonel, Melancthon Smith. noise. The men on both sides were engaged in throwing up temporary works, with a view to getting a field-piece in position. They had gotten a no_tehed piece of timber rolled up to the top of a rough bank, when smash came a blast from a ten-pounder right in their faces sending the stick of timber right amongst them, singeing their hair, aud blackening : «*«h (&tarst ,_„ Btmo , t^ ness of tbe combatants the missiles either did or came so close as to injure our own men.— In a few hours, however, they had felt so much reconciled to their position as to com mence a most dangerous and dreadful piece of warfare, casting lighted shell over into one , end of the. fort. Some grenades, it is said,' were first thrown, and afterwards twenty' twos and twenty-fours. Our forces seeing tue dismay and destruction, still feh secu-e j enough to commence the same game, heaving, I however, 'some very heavy shells to the rebel cud of the work. There is only one precau ■ tion against this species of fighting, that is in such a case to dig a funnel shaped pit or pits within the inclosure, into which the shells shal' roll and explode in a depression at the bottom, prepared for the purpose. This prac tice has been continued up to this morning. I may here say that our possession of this end of the fort is regarded as complete as that of the enemy to the rest. It is believed, alsft by General McPherson and his engineers that it not too much pressed he can in a day or two establish a battery within the work. "The contest still rages, and as both sides are throwing up earthworks, it seems as if we ought find at the end of a few days our point gained and our lines advanced to" a most com manding posiiion. Our losses, I grieve to say,' include several very fine officers. The total, up to noon to day, in this particular division, will amount to about three hundred in killed, aud wound ed—perhaps forty of the firmer. Maj. Dean der Fiud is killed by a ball through the fore head. Colonel Melancthon Smith, an excel lent soldier and model gentleman, is dange rously, and, we fear, mortally wounded. Ihe substantial value of this operation, Which must have been as deadly in life and limb to the enemy as to ourselves, is that it enables us to break into theii chain of reci • procally supporting works at the point where they are nearest being impregnable. Two or three such gaps in their line, they are oblig ed to draw back; to their inner line, lattery , alter battery being silenced, until the com ■ puss of their works is so smnll that from eve ry side they are in range of some of our can non. Locomation about ground thus becomes . impossible; without this they are unable to* . teed or relieve their overtasked men, and so are whipped. We can scarcely imagine that even the vindictive tenacity 'of Pernbertoh p will continue resistance to this extremity • w hen the finale is in no way changed. , This would be a long process to undertake, ; and involve an immense amount of work and p life in view of the vast furrows of pits and the . sacrifices already made; but it would grow , more rapid as we proceeded, as it is also cer- Capture oi Vicksfcur_. An official dispatch, dated the 7th inst., I from General Johnston to the Secretary of War, announces that Vicksburg capitulated on the 4th inst. The garrison was paroled and returned to our lines, the officers'reta;-!- Thus has culminated thehe'roic defence of the garrison, not in a blaze of glory, nor yet devoid of honor. It is an honorable capitu lation to a eomßination of assaults by land and water by a force numerically large to have entirely surrounded our little garrison in open field. After having repulsed thi. large force time and time again, and casting I wistful eyes for the suocor that they had eve ry reason to expect, and .which the whole country expected would have relieved them before now, the garrison yielded to circum stances and fell only as the brave fall, clothed in the mantle of heroism. In the absence of particulars we cannot help believing that there is more of strategy in the move than meets the eye at the first blush of the thing. The possession of Vicks burg by the enemy, with an army in the rear !as large as we suppose Johnston's command to be, effectually cuts off any movement of the enemy in that direction. The possession of Miliken'sßend by our forces, twenty miles above Vicksburg on the Mississippi river. Price's forces menacing Helena and in pos session of Cypress Bend, a few miles below that town, Kirby Smith in posses"sion of Lake Providence, which place we are informed he is marching upon with a force sufficient to capture it, will so effectually give us the com mand of the Mississippi river above Vicks burg as to cut off Grant's supplies by a block ade of the river against transports. Opposite Vicksburg we have forces to dispute any at- j tempt he may make to cross to the Louisiana side, whilst Dick Taylor and Magruder effec tually cut off his supplies from below. His position thus becomes an isolated one, and in. view of the determination lately expressed by Gen. Pemberton, not to surrender the place until the last mule and the last dog had been eaten; and believing, as we do, that the gar rison had not commenced on that kind of food, we are impressed with the belief that,, (>en. Johnston ordered the capitulation as a j -ABIjSraDON, FRIDAY. eTTTT/V" 17.1 RfiS. move fraught with more benefit to us than to sacrifice life to relieve the garrison. TMpos session of Vicksburg does not open the navi gation of the river to the enemy, whilst it is blockaded above at threa,points; nor from .be low, as long as Port Hudson stands as proud ly defiant as.it now does. It is, however, pos sible that an epidemic has broken out in the city, and compelled an offer of capitulation, but if such was the case. Gen Johnston would i certainly not appear so devoid of magnanimi ty towards Gen. Pemberton as not to state it. No, we think it is a strategic movement, and we confidently expect to hear of important successes growing out of the capitulation of Vicksburg,— Lynchburg Republican. General Lee's Order for the Govern ment of the Ax*my while in the en emy's Country. General Orders, ) No. 72. } Headquarters Army Northern Virginia, ) . . June 21, 1863. '} While in the enemy's country, the follow ing regulations for procuring supplies will be strictly, observed, and any violation of them promptly and rigorously punished. I. No private property shall be injured or destroyed by any person belonging to or con nected with the army, or taken,* except by the officers hereinafter designated. 11. The Chiefs of the Commissary Quarter master, Ordnance and Medical Departments of the Army will make requisitions upon the local authorities or inhabitants for the neces sary supplies for their respective departments designating the places and times of delivery! All persons complying with such requisitions shall be paid the market price for the articles furnished, if they so desire, and the officers making such payment shall take duplicate receipts for the same, specifying the name of the person paid, and the quantity, kind and price of the property, one of which receipts shall at once be forwarded to the Chief of the department to which such officer is attached. 111. Should the authorities or inhabitants neglect or refuse to comply with such requisi tions, the supplies will be taken from" the nearest inhabitants so*refusing, by the order Sand under the direction of the respective hiefs of the departments named. IV. when any command is detached from ie main body, the Chiefs of the several de u-tments of such command will procure sup ies for the same, and such other stores as ey may be ordpredto provide, in the man ir and subject to the provisions herein pre ribed, reporting their action to the heads of their respective departments, to whom they will forward duplicates of all vouchers given or recoived. ° V. All persons who shall decline to receive j payment for property furnished on reqniai- | tion, and all from whom it will be necessary to take stores or supplies, shall be furnished by the officer, on taking the same, with a re ceipt specifying the kind and quality of the property received or taken, as the case may be, the name of.the person from-whom it was received or taken, the commandfor the use of which it is intended, and the marked price.— A duplicate of said receipt shall be forward ed to the Chief of the department to which (c officer by whom it is executed is attached. VI. If any person shall remove or conceal operty necessary for the use of tbe Army, or attempt to do so, the officers hereinbefore mentioned will cause such property and all other property belonging x to such person, that may be required by the Army, to be seized, and the officer seizing the same will forthwith report to the Chief of this department the knuf, quantity and market price of the pro perty so seized and the name of the owner. Chameersbukg, Pa., June 27,1863. ' j \ The Commanding General has observed with marked satisfaction the conduct of the troops on the march, and confidently antici pates results commensurate with the hi°-h spirit they have manifested. , No troops could have displayed greater for titude or better performed the arduous niarch- Their conduct in ether respects has, with few exceptions, been in keeping with their character as soldiers and entitles them to ap- There have, however, been instances of for getlulness on the part of some that they have I in keeping the yet unsullied reputation'of this Army, and that the duties exacted of us by i civilization and Christianity, are not less ob ligatory in the country of the enemy than in The Commanding General considers that no greater disgrace could befall the Army, and through j t , OUI . w hole.people, than the perpetration of the barbarous outrages upon j the unarmed and defenceless, and the wanton | destruction of private property, that have marked the course of the enemy in our country, touch proceedings not only degrade the per petrators and all connected with them, but are subversive of the discipline and efficiency of the Army, and destructive of the ends of our present movemeut. It must be remembered that we make war only upon armed men, and that we cannot take vengeance for the wrongs our people have suffered without lowering ourselves in tue eyes of all whose abhorrence has been ex cited by the atrocities of our enemies, and of fending against Him to whom vengeance be longed, without whose favor and support our efforts must all prove in vain. The Commanding General' therefore earn estly exhorts the troops to abstain, with most scrupulous care, from unnecessary or wanton injury to private property, and he enjoins up on all officers to arrest and bring to summary punishment all who shall in any way offend i against tne orders on this subject. * > * *• > ■> R. E. LEE, General. An Interesting Ceremony—Retaliation Regularly Inaugurated. j On yesterday, at twelve o'clock, meridian, j the central reception room of the Libby pri son was the scene of a ceremony exceedingly interesting, though painful, yet no less pain ful than necessary. The Government having become thoroughly advised of the murder o? I two Confederate officers in Kentucky, Cap tains Corbin and McGraw, by Goneral Burn- j side, for recruiting men for the Confederate army in that State, determined at once to take measures of retaliation. On Sunday, Capt. Turner, commandant of the prison, received the order from General Winder to proceed With the drawing by lot of two officers, from among the three hundred held there in confinement, to suffer the death penalty in pursuance of this determination; and on yesterday, at the hour above men tioned, the officers were marched down from their apartments on the second floor to the re ception room. A table, at which Capt. Tur- i ncr stood, was placed in the centre of the room, and the prisoners were arranged in a square about it. The roll was then called by the clerk. Two officers were absent, and these being very ill, were not deemed fit subjects for the measure about to be adopted. Capt. Turner then read the order of Gen. Winder, and informed the prisoners that they were at liberty to select one of their number; or, if they preferred it, one of their chaplains, three of whom were present, to draw the lots. They selected one of the latter, the Rev. Mr. Brown, he be ing the eldest. The lots consisted of the names of the offi cers written each upon a separate slip ef pa per, which was folded over to present'a blank exterior. They were placed in a wooden box, some eighteen inches long by eight in square width, and the arrangement was that the first two names drawn out would designate the two doomed to suffer the penalty of death. The scene was one of great solemnity. Eve ry man seemed endeavoring to nerve himself to dare the fate which awaited but two of their number. Mr. Brown stepped forward I md drew in succession two lots. Oue bore he name of Capt. Henry W. Sawyer of the et New Jersey Infantry,' and Captain John lynn, of the 51st Indiana regiment. A hade of relief came over the general appear nce of the body, and settled into an expres ion of sorrow. The two doomed men did not peak, and all remained for a moment silent, 'hey were ©rdered to step forward and the est were marched baok to their quarters. Upon being taken into the Commandant's office, the two men evinced some signs of agi tation, and in a few minutes Sawyer wept bit terly as he sat down to write a last letter to bis wife. Flynn, however, gave no further sign of emotioß. They were thencetaken be fore Gen. Winder, who dbly returned' them to the prison under a commitment to close eon mend Enquirer of the 7ih. « ♦ » Secretary Seward and the Czar on fton Intervention. A dispatch from St. Petersburg, dated on §ie 13th of June—the day the Canada sailed om Queenstown—says :—The Journal de St. Petersburg of to-day published a despatch dated June 4, addressed by Prince Gortcha koff to Mr. Clay, expressing the Emperor's satisfaction at the reply of Mr. Seward to the Rof France to join the diplomatic in >n in favor of. Poland. The despatch s as follows :—"Such facts draw c bonds of sympathy between Russia ;rica. The Emperor knows how to te the firmness with which Mr. Se ward maintains the principle of non-interven tion. [From the (London) Times, June 14.] It is amusing to see Mr. Seward coquetting with the government of Russia on the Polish question. The American Secretary, as our readers are aware, was invited by France to co-operate with other Powers in appealing to the Czar on behalf of the unhappy race who are gallantly and so desperately fightiag for (their liberty. Mr. Seward did not exactly see it. He fell back trti the doctrine and the habit of non-intervention. At the same time, however, he did not forget to avow his confi dence in tbe Emperor, who said he, "will re ceive the appeal of Europe with all the good will compatible with the general welfare of the vast States which he governs with so much wisdom and moderation." The Phrase ology is really delicate; and the Czar enjoyed it keenly. At any rate his Minister, Prince GortchakofH did not lose a moment in convey ing to Mr. Seward an expression of his satis faction. He avows himself "delighted to find the policy and intentions of the Emperor so well appreciated by the American people," and he expressed his "warm hopes for the pacification of America." The retort is as courteous as it could be: for America has Poland to deal with as well as its own. Ame rica has "vast States," which Mr. Seward no doubt thinks are governed with much "wis dom and moderation;" and non-intervention, therefore, is a very convenient doctrine for America to preach as well as to act upon. Indeed, there is just enough of the analogy between the circumstances of federal Ameri ca and those of Russia to account for the en trancing fellow feeling which Mr. Seward and Prince GortchakofT seem to have for one an- From Helena. Panola, July 7th.—A dispatch from "Gene- j ral Holmes dated Helena, July 4th, states that we captured three batteries, when the enemy received reinforcements from below, together with five gunboats, and drove our forces back. Our loss five hundred. Heavy ■} firing was heard next day. i Natchez, July 6.—Transports towing two i barges loaded with coal passed down this - morning, and one last night. r Officers on Gen. Smith's staff report that I ] Price was ordered on Sunday, the 28th, to ) take Helena, and that he moved immediately. J Nothing from Port Hudson. AH quiet. I Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Where the great battle between Gen. Lee and Gen. Meade has most probably been al ready fought, is in Adams county. It is 75 miles from Washington by the road through Frederick and Emmetsburg, and 25 miles from Baltimore by the road through Westminster. It is situated on elevated ground, at the june ■ tion of several important roads. It is distant | from Chambersburg about 15 miles, and from j Shippensburg about 26 miles, from both of I which places excellent roads lead to Gettys burg, unking just west of the town near the | Blue Ridge mountains. This range of moun tains, with its spurs, run very near the town, and present a most defensible front to an ene my approaching from the town. The situation of Gettysburg with regard to Washington and Baltimore, is nearly that of a right angle triangle, of which Baltimore is in the right angle, with the road to Gettys burg as the perpendicular, the road to Wash ington as the base, and the road from Wash ington to Gettysburg as the hypothenuse.— Westminster, an intermediate point between Gettysburg and Baltimore, is the terminus of the Westminster branch of the Northern Cen tral Railroad. Frederick City is about half way between Gettysburg and Washington, and is near the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Hanover Junction is at the junction of North ern Central Railroad with the Hanover branch, and is in York county, Pa., 11 miles south of York, and 45 miles from Baltimore. A defeat at Gettysburg, with a retreat to Washington, leaves Baltimore a sure prize to Gen. Lee, or a retreat to Baltimore leave Washington open to the Confederate army.— Richmond Enqui rer. —— Explosion and I.oss of _lfe. Last evening, about s>} o'clock, when the passenger train from Petersburg was coming up the grade from Falling creek bridge, six miles from this city, the locomotive, which was traveling at the rate of about ten miles an hour, exploded her boiler, killing the fire man, severely scalding the engineer, Mr. Hugh Burnes, and killing and wounding se veral Confederate soldiers, who were passen gers. Two coaches, filled chiefly with ladies from the flag of truce boat at City Point, six or eight cars loaded principally with exchang ed prisoners, and the baggage and mail cars formed the train. Three cars near the en gine were badly injured. In one of them was the crew of the captured Confederate steamer Atlanta, one of whom was killed and several wounded. The second car from the locomotive was blown off the track; one of its inmates was killed and several were wounded. The loco jmotiv.e is a complete wreck. It was blown about twenty feet from the train, turned com pletely around and tumbled side upwards in the ditch on the side of the track. The cause of the explosion is unknown. It is supposed that the water in the boiler was unwarily per mitted to get too low. The conductor of the train, Capt. T. W. McCrary, exerted himself nobly in attending promptly to the wounded and taking measures for the speedy removal of the wreck. He was assisted by many of the passengers, and at a late hour last even ing, with farther aid from the superintendent, all was clear.— Richmond Enquirer of the 7th. —: —» ♦ *—i . Probable Tansferrence of the Papal See to Mexico. It would not be at all surprising if it should turn out that one of the principal objects which Nepoleon had in view in undertaking the invasion of Mexico was the transference of the seat of the Papacy to the capital of the Mountezumas. The Roman question has al ways been one of his greatest perplexities, and this solution of it will probably* be as ac ceptible to the Holy Father as to himself. The revenues of a country so rich in the pre oious metals as Mexico will amply compensate tbe church for tbe renunciation of the histori cal and ecclesiastical glories with which the Eternal City is associated. We can therefore understand the promptitude with which the news of the fall of Puebla was communidated by the Emperor to the Vatican, and the gra tification with which it is said to have been received. Pius IX. will not fail to appreciate tbe benefit resulting from such an exchange. It will be easier to keep him in Mexico by the aid of French bayonets than it can possibly 1 —« »•» » Price of Newspapers. The Southern Watchman puts up the fol lowing knock down argument in reference to the price of news papers to which we invite the attention of all readers : It is said that owing to the peculiar circum stances of the case it would now be unfair to take gold as a standard of value. Inasmuch as corn is the basis of our provision crop, let us try that as a standard. When we publish ed our paper at $2, we could buy four bush els of corn for that amount. Our paper was therefore worth four bushels of corn. Four bushels of corn is now worth $12 in this mar ket, and further up the country $20. Our paper is therefore worth $12 by the corn standard. It was formerly worth two bushels of wheat. Wheat was selling here 8 few weeks ago at $12. Measured by the wheat standard, our paper is worth $24. A year's subscription to our paper would formerly buy ten pounds of sole leather, which, at present prices, amounts to $30. Our paper is there fore, measured by this standard, is worth $30 per year. A year's subscription would for merly buy four yards of jeans, or sixteen yards of cotton homespun. The four yards of jeans is worth $20, and the country home spun is $24 at this* time. According to this standard, our paper is now'worth from $20 to $24. A year's subscription Would formerly buy sixteen pounds of bacon, which will now cost $16 or upwards. Hence our paper is worth $16 by the bacon standard. We might thus go on ad infinitum, on every case, that to i bring newspapers to a level with everything I else would, fix their price at from $12 to $20 No.. 15.