OCR Interpretation

Winchester gazette. [volume] (Winchester, Va.) 18??-1826, December 01, 1813, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84025997/1813-12-01/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

tiiices or tha Tyrant are strongly <ie
incled, and it is impossible to describe
Ills hatred of peace and quiet in stron
ger terms than the following—that
“ he is resolved not to make to the re
pose of the wdi id even one single nomi
nal sacrifice-*'_
The Militia Called Home
Governor, Captain General, and Com.!
niander in Chief', in ami over
Whereas i. appears, that the third J
brigade of the third division of the Mi-j
iitia of this .State, has heen ordered j
from our frontiers for tlie defence of a!
neighboring State ;—And, whereas it
further appears, to the extreme regret
of the Captain General IIks.1 a part of
the militia of said brigade have been
placed under the commsnd, and at the
disposal, of an officer of the United
States, out of the jurisdiction or con
troul of tlie Executive of this state,
and have been actually marched to the
defence of a sister State, fully compe
tent to all the purposes of self defence,
w hereby an extensive section of our
frontier, is left, in a measure, unpro
tected. and the peaceable good citizens
thereof are put in great jeopardy, and
exposed to the retaliatory incursions
and ravages of an exasperated enemy
—And whereas disturbances of a very j
serious nature are believed to exist, in'
consequence of a portion of the militia j
having beet* thus ordered out of the!
Slate :—
Therefor-'—to the end, that these1
great evils may he provided against,'
and, at far as may he, prevented for the j
future :
Be it hnou-n—that such portion of
the Militia of said Third Brigade, in
said Third Division, as may he now
doing duty in the state of N. York, or
elsewhere, beyond the limits of this;
State, both Ofiieers and men, are here-j
hy ordered by the Captain General and j
Commander in Chief of the Militia of)
the state of Vermont, for thw ilh to re
turn to the rrsprutive places of their
Usual residence, within the territorial
limits of said brigade, and there to
hold themselves in constant readiness
to act, in obedience to the Orders of
Brigadier General Jacob Davis, who is
appointed by the Legislature of this
State, tn the command of said Brigade.
And ti-.- said Brigadier General l)a
vi* is hereby ordered and directed,
forthwith to sec that the Militia of his
said Brigade be complete'} armed and
equipped, as the Law directs, and
Jnotdcn in .vmstaTit readiness to march
on the shortest notice, to the defence
of the Frontiers > and ki case of actual '
•invasion, without further Orders, to
inarch with hi- said Brigade, to act ei
ther in co-operation with the Troups of
the 1 . Stat o or separately, as circum
stances may require, in repelling the
enemy from our territory, and in pr •»
tec: • lie good citizen* of this State'
fruit; uvr ravages or hostile incursi
And in case of an event, so seriously
to b:* deprecated, i* is Imped and ex
pe ihiil every citizen without dis
fiuctioa of .party, will fly at once.to^
the nearest post of clanger, ami that the
only rallying word will be—“OUR
Feeling as the Captain General docs,
the weight of responsibility which rests
upon t«irn, with regard to the Consti
tutional duties of the militia, and the,
sacred rights of our citizens to protec-]
lion from this great class of our com
munity, so essentially necessary in all
free countries : at a moment loo, when
they are so imminently exposed to the j
dangers of hostile incursions and lo-!
mestic difficulties, he cannot eons.- n.j
tiously discharge the trust reposed in
him hy the voice of lus fellow citizens. ,
and hy the Constitution of this and the,
1 nited Mates, w.ihotit au unequivocal
declaration, tliar in hi* opinion tlie ini-'
liiary strength anti resources of this
Slate, must he reserved fur its own de-j
ieuce and protection e.x'clusi‘'eli/—ex
cepting incases provided for, hv the.
Constitution of the United St ties ; and
then under orders derived only from
the Commander in Chief.
Given under my hand at ^ font pel ier,
this loth day of November. in tlo
year of our ‘Lord One Thousand
Eight hundred and Thirteen, and of
the Independence of ihe United States
the thirty-eighth.
IIy his E x'celleucy‘> command.
Samuel. Swift, Secretary.
B VLTIMOBE, Nov. 23.
To the Editor of the Federal Gazette.
I have seen the British official ac
count of the surrender of the unfortu
nate (but not disgraceful) surrender of
the gallant Colonel Buerstler and the
troops under his command near St.
David’s which is as base as it is un
founded. As I have obtained from a
source which I know, and can assure
you, is entitled to undoubted credit,
some particulars of that action and the
motives which induced or rather com
pelled the surrender of the troops; I
feel it a duty which I owe to that brave
and faithful officer, and to those who
have the pleasure of his acquaintance
to make them public.
1 he imprudent re.lance which Gen. |
Dearborn placed on the information re-1
eeired from some lyingdeserters,induced 1
him to send Col. Boerstler on an ex- 1
pedition which subjected him to the at- :
tack of an enemy nearly double in
numbers, the American troops however J
fought them bravely for three hours
& twelve minutes at close action, t ol. i
Boerstler was struck with four bullets, j
one of which wounded him in the thi'li. i
I hose who witnessed could not but sd
mire his coolm ss when, covered with
-moke, he rode from right to left en
couraging his men to charge ; who, to
do them justice, fought like heroes,
and as often as t he) charged the British
nnd Indians retreated. Even when ail
hopes of receiving timely reiuforeemeuts
had censed, when he was surrounded Ly J
superior numbers, after having seven-I
ty-tliree of Jhis meu killed .end wound
ed ; he peremptorily refused to obei
'he summons to surrender. The Bi
tish officer who sent a flag i„r that
purpose pledged his honor that he
i.ad nearly doul? ♦..the force of that u ..
der Col. B. and offered to permit any
American officer to see hij troops. Anj
officer was sent by Col. B. to ‘>xumine|
them, who ou his rotura reported it aoi
his opinion that the force of the enemy j
was nearly double. It was then im-'
possible to retreat, even an attempt to
do so would lta\ e ensured the massa
cre of tin* wounded by the Indians.—
Under these circumstances a council of
war determined to surrender. The
bruve and honorable lover of his coun
try will judge, with what bitter and
mortifying sensations Col, lioerstler
submitted loan act which duty, hu
manity aud necessity had thus imposed
on him.
ny a gentleman from the northward
we ie.mi, that, in consequenee of the
movement* of our a mien, all the wo
men and children had been sent from
Montreal to Quebec, together with ail
moveable property ; and th at eight re
giment* of regulars had lately arrived
a! Qlichee in the Cork fleet from Hali
•.a\, and were on their march for Mon
<»ur informant adds, that every pos
sible exertion Imd been made to defend
Montreal : and give* it as hi* opinion.
Ilia, it it is taken, if will he after a
most tremendous struggle unless the
valor of tlie British commander should
fail him.
I it is the opinion of our informant,
that (lie battle will take place at h:t
J Cliiae, w here the encmv Ims erected
strong fortifications, which command
the Lake. & where the principal fore I
of (»>•• c-cviv i* *f .tinned.—.V* y fi(.^ I
fvr:n.VKSo.ir, December i. isi3.
~ giWPOggr-w -
The second year of the Extra Ga
zette commences tciik tins N timber.
A variety o face <.uni* of the action of
Cornwall between the American am!
hiilish l**rct;s, will lie found in this
day's paper. It is difficHlf to deter
mine the actual result, but the most fa
vorable accounts admit the loss of at
least on the American side. The
resulg^rever was, we believe, suffi
eient^Huirutu to compel a postpone
rrn nt Wthe contemplated reduction of
Canadiufor the present season !
^ he^Ibany Argos, a decided demo,
cratic paper and whicli generally eou
tains earliest intelligence of the
Wiir 8a>9, Positively, (hut the
eainpa^Pn at an end and that the ex
pedition against Montreal has totally
failed ! A few days more will perhaps
enable us to form a m-»re correct opi
nion on the subject; not however from
unj thing which we expect to derive in
in official form Jrom the executive, for
*1 is silence relative t-> Hump
1 on's affair, it would appear that he is
determined to ke p the sovereign peo
jii<* in utter ignorance of our military
operutn.ns unless when successful._
Judging therefore, from the time thet
nas elapsed, and the inter silence of the
administration paper oa Ike subject of
the affair of the Ittfc, v?e are firmly im.
pressed w ith the belief that we came off
second best!
^ e have collected a great mass of
intelligence from our army in the north
from w hieh it would appear that the
campaign is at an end—and that our
army will have to winter on this side
of the lines, not quite so c unfortahle,
|>* rhaps. as if in snug quarters at Mon
treal—nor us safe—us no doubt hut
that the two opposing unities will hur
ras* each other during the winter with
marauding parties.... Fed. Guz.
The National Intelligencer contra
dicts the report of the loss of the sehr.
Chippeway, 03 lake Kria,...Ibid,
Extract of a letter from a gentleman at
Meudville, Pennsylvania, in his
friend in Philadelphia, dated No
vember 6.
“ We have had the most severe
storms ever experienced • n this part of
the country, since the settlement of it—
all tlie month of October, and so far iu
November, has been onecuutiuucd stoiui
of rain anil snow .
“ It has been impossible for the far
mers to get their seed in the ground or
to gather in their fall crop. Ycsterdav
it cleared up for the first time, with a
prospect of fair weather. L has very
much discouraged t tie inhabitants, and
many are leaving the district.’*
Adjutant J aspect or General's Ojflcc,
Washington. iTth NTov. i8t.{.
A General Court Mat tiul for the tri
al of Brigadier General William
.Iull, will assemble at some suitable
place iu the city of Albany , (state of
New York) on the third day ofJauuary
President.—Major Gen. Henry Dear
, i-orn.
Members.-—Brig. Generals Joseph
Bloomfield, Thomas Parker, Leonard
Covington—Colonels John R. Fenw ick,
ilenry Carberry, 3t»th Regt. Ini. Peter
Little, 38th Regt. Inf. Win. N. Irvine,
42d do.—Lieut. Col*. Richard Dennis,
tfilL Regt. Inf. Samuel 8. Conner, 13ih
do. S. B. Davis, 32d do. William Scott,
36ih do, William Stewart, 38th do.
Special Judge Advocate.—Alex. J,
Dali as, Esq.
Army Judge Advocate Assistant.—
Philip S. Parker. Eso.
Supernumeraries'—Lt. C»*J. John W.
Livingston. 4tst. Kegt. Inf. Lieut. Col.
.lames G. Forbes. 4_*<l do. Maj. George
Bomford, corps of Engineers.
liy order of the Secretary of War,
Inspector General„
The Aurora states, that Gen. Hull
will appear before the above named
We I iave an arrival from tie- North
of Europe which lei'i St. Fetersbuig
the August, some weeks after the
an iv al of our envoys. We learn, that
on the Zi\ August Mr. Gallatin hi*
formed an American that lie had i >t
heard of the uppnmtm.mt of any Eng
lish Negotiator, and that he did not
, expect he should.— Boston Sentinel*
A gentleman who left Montpelier
(\t.jton Monday the tatti, informs,
that uo account of any new army evrLl
had reached there, Me contirms ilia

xml | txt