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Winchester gazette. [volume] (Winchester, Va.) 18??-1826, December 17, 1824, Image 1

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J| A FREE PRF.S3, THE PALLADIUM OP OUR LIBERTIES.
VOL. I. [New Series.] WINCHESTER, V IRGINIA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1824
No. 4.
t ■
THB MCBSa
I cer
ait on tin
ted to do.—
a his apartment, and
..er of recommendation he
politely; filled and fired his
.it down by her side ; took hold
v liana arm converseu on me snu
:t. Before they had brought the points
to a close, some questions about the mag
nitude and motion of the heavenly bodies
struck his mind with such force, that he
forgot what he was about—he turned his
eyes up to heaven, took the pipe out of
mouth, with his left hand, and being lost
in bis study, without design, took the lady’s
hand, which he held in his own, and with
one of her fingers crowded the tobacco in
f the bowl of his pipe ; held it there so long
that her heart as well as her linger took
fire, and she in a huff sprung and went off
leaving the philosopher to finish his study
alone. —♦—
HOW TO PLEASE YOUR FRIENDS.
(in to India—stay there twenty years
—work hard—get money—come home—
bring with you a store of wealth and a dis
eased liver—visit your friends—make a
will—provide for them all—then die :
whet a prudent, good, gcneri us, kind
hearted soul you will he ! {Haft. l*a(.
u Life,** said one who had seen much
of it, " is like a game of backgammon;
the most skillful make the best use of it.—
'The dice cannot depend upon us in the
« tie ease, nor do events depend upon us
in tii ■ oilier : but it is the manner of ap
j '. i.i_- flievi that occasions the difference of
jsuccess.” - *■
h liid- pond* nee in the estimation of con
^r. iu-d coxcomb .. is to lie rude fc boisterous
in v v. versociet;, they happen lo he p!a
• » xi• cing a tot d disregard for the o
bii •- of others, *V those rules of deco
.K ; .vnys observed by well bred men.
O r\
TlrflCalaturc of Vtrfltnia.
HOUSE OF DELEGATES.
Thursday, Dec. 2.
Petitions were presented from sundry
inhabitants of Frederick co. praying a se
perate election district on the east sid« of
the Shenandoah river, in that county :—
Ref erred to the committee of propositions
tnd grievances. From Samuel Kerche
al of Frederick, for compensation for a
onsiderable q uantity of flour furnished
or the use of the public in the Revolution
ary War, at the Winchester Barracks, by
■ certain Philip Helphinstone, the ccrtifi
ate of which was transferred to the peti
ioner ;—Referred to the Committee of
Claims. Friday Dec. 3.
A p< tition was presented Jjoin sundry
nhahitants of Frederick co.^King an ad
Jitional election district in the said coun
y '—Rejected—(We are ignorant what
petition this can be.—(F.d. Win. CJaz.
Mr. Upshur asked leave to bring in a
Ibill to alter or amend the act regulatior
the solemnization of marriages, &c. In
asking this leave he explained that he act
ed under the instruction of the grand jury
of his county', who whilst they felt it their
duty to pres nt certain individuals for in
termarrying with their deceased wife’s sis
ter, and with the widow of their deceased
uncle, expressed an unanimous opinion
that the law under which they acted w is
unjust and impolitic, and requested tin ir
representatives, to endeavor to procure the
repeal ot the law in these respects.
Messrs. Berkshire and Bowers were
both charged with petitions on the same
subject, and tendered them to the House.
Leave wa9 granted to bring in the bill :
and the petitions alluded to were referred
to the committee directed to bring it in.
The House came to the resolution to
proceed on Tuesday next, by joint ballot
with the Senate, to the election of a Sena
tor 'if the United Stales, in place of Hie
late col. John Taylor.
Mr. ( iarnett presented a memorial from
the President, Masters, and professors of
William and Mary College, praying the
passage of a law authorizing the removal
of the same.
Mr. Crawford moved that the C. for C.
ol J. be instructed to enquire into the ex
pediency of amending or repealing the
Jaw concerning imprisonment for debt.—
iJetermined in the negative.
B Saturday, Dec. 4.
■ A message was received from the Sen
s', that they had agreed to the joint reso
Boii to proceed on this day, to the elec
)t a rubuc rrinter. Ana tue House
proceeded to the election.
E* ^oxton nominated Thomas Ritchie,
(her person being put in nonuna
committce retired to count the
Mr. Sexton then reported the e
r Mr. Ritchie.
aymond offered the following re
1, That hereafter it shall be the duty of
presenting petitions to this House, to
jjcct of the petition upon its presenta
pt called for by some member; but
forred to the proper Committee, if not
o ; and the Members presenting any
P^wn, snail endorse on its nar.K ins name, as a
Rmtee that the language is decorous and res
'tful towards the House.
Mr. Yancey submitted the following
as a substitute to the resolution :
Resolved, That henceforth no petition shall be
read by the Clerk in the House unless particular
ly required by the member presenting it; that the
member presenting a petition shall name the pe
titioner, the nature of the application, and en
dorse his name in a fair hand, on the back of the
petition, which sliall he considered as a pledge
that the petition is drawn in respectful and deco
rous language, and ought to he examined and re
ported upon by a Committee of this House,
whereupon the petition .-hall be handed to the
Clerk, and hy him, be laid before the proper
committee.
Mr. Patterson was also in favor of the
experiment to abridge the duration of the
sessions ; and submitted the following by
way of amendment to the substitute :
“ Resolved, That it shall he the duty of a mem
ber, when presenting a pelition, to stale in gene
ral terms its object, and whence it comes ; after
which it shall he disposed of without being read,
unless for reasons assigned, some member should
desire its reading.
After some discussion, Mr. Patteson's
proposition was rejected.
Mr. Y ancey’s amendment was then a
trreed to, ayes 103, r.ocs 30,
CONVENTION.
Mr. Sexton offered a petition from the
county, of Frederick, praying that a law
may pass to take the sense of the people
mi the propriety of calling a Convention.
Mr. II irvie, of Richmond, offered a simi
lar petition, from the citizens of Richmond
—After some conversation as to the pro
priety of referring these petitions, and nil
of a similar nature, to a select Committee,
or to the Committee of the whole, they
were referred to a select Committee, with
power to report by hill or otherwise; jjid
a Committee was appointed, of Messrs.
Se.xton, Rutherford, Ship, Hines, M.orte
nrv, Colston, Turner, Garland, Gordon,
VVicher, Hnoe, Upshur, and Winston.
On Mr. Sherrard’s motion, the Militia
Committee were instructed to enquire into
its propriety of reducing the expenses of
the Militia, which he said had greatly ex
ceeded the amount of Militia fines for the
last year.
Monday, Dec. 6.
.Mr. Dowyer, from the Committee of
Propositions and Grievances, reported the
following resolution :
Resolved. A? the opinion of this Committee,
That the petition of sundry persons, represent
ing that they, or the greater part of them, reside
in that part of the county ol Frederick, lying on
the cast side ot the Shenandoah river : praying
•dial a separate election district may lie given
them, at some crntral point, east of hie Shenati
douh river, is reasonable.-.Igrecd to by Ike
House.
On Mr. Seaton’s motion,
Rsolvcd, That so much of the Governor's
Communication as relates to the propriety of
punishing free wpite persons with stripes in pub
lic ; ni:d the tfinsportalion of free persons ol
color beyond tie limits of the United Suites,
there to be sold n* slaves for life, be referred to
the Committee tof Courts of Justice to report
by bill or otherwise.
On Mr. Sexton’s motion, a resolution
was adopted for proceeding on Wednes
day next, to the election of a Governor.
Mr. Winston submitted the following
resolution :
Resolved, That leave he given to bring in u
bill, to amend the i-’ytli section of the act enti
tled \n act to reduce into one, the several
acts mid parts of acts concerning the es ablish
me lit, jtirisdirlinu and powers of the Superior
Courts of I.aw," so as to authorize and reijuir.
the Judges ot the Superior Courts of Law i.
this Commonwealth, to hold intermediate cour:
in civil, as well as criminal cases, where from
any cause the regular courts arc not holden.
Air. Thompson of Fairfax moved to a
incnd this resolution by striking on. the
words u leave he given to bring in a l>.!:
[to amend,” and inserting in lieu thereoi,
the words “ the Committee for Courts ol
Justice be instructed to enquire into the
expediency of amending.”
1 his amendment was iejected : and the
original resolution agreed to by the house
Messrs. Winston, Parker, buggs, Thom
son of Fairfax, Randolph ul Cumberland.
Morris of Wood, Jacob, Oromgoole, Wat
kins of Prince Fdward, Laidlcy, Gholson.
Branch, Rutherlnrd and Stuart weir up
pointed a Committee to prepare tin- bill.
Mr. Upshur, according to order, pre
sented a bill to alter and amend the an
regulating the solemnization of marriages
prohibiting such as are incestuous or other
wise unlawful ; to prevent forcible an
stolen marriages, and tor the punishment
ot tin* crime of bigamy.—Read liit- first ;
and ordered to be read the _d time.
Tuesday Dec. 7.
Various reports were made by the chair
men of the standing committees, and laid
upon the table,
4M.IMOIV.UU •-> aiuuun, me l | UUSv
proceeded to execute the joint order 01 the
day, which had for its object the* election
of a Senator of the United States in place
of Col. John Taylor, deceased.
Mr. Armstead then nominated Mr.
John Tyler of Charles City.
Mr. Loyall nominated Mr. Littleton W.
Tazewell of nor folk.
The nominations nave rise to a long de
bate, which turned upon the principles and
qualifications of the nominees.—it occupi
ed nearly two hours.
I he nomination of Mr. Tyler was sup
ported by Mr. Jones of Yoik, and Mr.
Carland—That oi Mr. Tazewell was sup
ported bv Messrs. Thomas M. Randolph,
Upshur, Thompson of Fairfax, and Ma
son of Southampton. The ballots were,
For Tazewell 15.0
Tyler 80
Scattering 3
So Mr. Tazewell was declared duly e
lected.
A Bill, to alter and amend an Act, en
titled, an Act to reduce into one, th** seve
ral acts, to regulate the solemnization ol
marriages, prohibiting such as are inces
tuous or otherwise unlawful, to prevent
torcible, and stolen marriages, and for the
punishment of the crime of Bigamywas
read the second time, am; ordered to be
engrossed and read the third time.
/> ednesday ucc. s.
rl he .Senate having concurred in a reso
lution to proceed to the election, J AMES
PLEASANTS, was re-elected Governor
of this Commonwealth, for one year, with
out opposition.
i ho contested Hanover case was taken
up. The Committee of Privileges and E
lections had reported in favor of sending
the election back to tbe people.—But Mr.
I hompson of Fairfax, now proposed a
substitute, permitting Doctor Berkeley to
keep his scat.
On Mr. Harvie’s motion, however,both
the report and substitute were laid upon tin
table, to allow Mr. Hector Davis to appear
at the bar of the House in support of his
claims to the seat.
Mr. Davis was accordingly admitted to
the bar, and heard in support of his claim,
He then withdrew ; and the House de
cided in favor ol Mr. Thompson’s substi
tute.
The annual report of the Commissioner
ot the James and Jackson's River Canal,
was received—and ordered to be printed.
[Richmond Compiler.
--
HAITI.—A letter received at New-York,
from Port au Prince, dated the 15th ulti
mo, says—All is tranquil, and government
is not making any preparations of defence,
as many foreign journals have been pleas
ed to represent.
m
UOTVERSITYOP VIR^X^IA.
INTERESTING PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.
Among tlio Documents which liuve hern
laid before the present General Assembly,
the billowing are particularly worthy of
attention. The Report on the University
is drawn up by Mr. Jefferson—that alone
is a sufficient passport to public attention.
REPORT ON THE UNI \ KRSITY OF VIRGINIA.
Richmond, 28th Nov. 182-L
—Ry the 2d section of the act entitled “An
act to rei|iiire all annual reports to tie “ made to
the Legislature on the first day of “the Session
and lor other purposes,” the Kector and Visitors
ol the University of Virginia are directed hereaf
ter to make their annual report to the President
«ml Directors id the Literary Fund, on or before
tiie first Monday in December in each year, to
be laid before the General Assembly at the com
mencement ot each session. I have now th.
minor ot laying before the General Assembly,
the report ol the Kector and Visitors for the pre
.-ciil year, received by me as President of the
• . tcrary Fund. 1 ain, with great respect, your
oh. ;ieul servant, JAMES PLEASANTS,
i.ifi lion, the Speaker
ol the Mouse of Delegates.
io the President and Directors of the
Literary Fund.
In obedience to the law requiring that the
Kector and \ isitors of the University of
\ irginia should make report annually to
.he President and Directors of the Litera
ry Fund, (to be laid before the Legisla
ture at their next succeeding session) em
bracing a lull account of the disbursements
tin? funds on band, and a general state
ment of the condition of the said Universi
ty, the said Rector and Visitors make the
following REPORT.
in that ot the preceding year it was
slated that the buildings, for the accom
modation ol the Professors and Students,
were in readiness for their occupation, and
that the walls ol the target building, in
tended for a library, and other purpose,
wire completed. In the course of the
present season this building Has received
’is roof, and will be put into a condition
for preservation and use, although its in
ierior cannot be completed. It was then
also stated, that, without awaiting that
completion, the institution might be put
into operation at the close of this present
year, were its funds liberated from the in
cumbrances with which they were charg
ed. This obstacle was removed by tin
art of the Legislature ot January L’7, of
the present year, concerning the Universi
ty of Virginia.
**■ vuiiovijut live nils liucinuuil, II1U
Board of Visitors, at th ir ensuing meet
ing on the 5th of April last, proceeded to
take such preparatory measures as could
be taken at that time, to carry the views
of the Legislature into effect with as little
delay as practicable. From the accounts
and estimates then rendered by the Bur
sar and Proctor, it appeared that on the
last day ol the preceding year 1823, (Ik
binds in Lind, and due to the University,
of the last loan, and of the arrearages ot
subscriptions, would be sufficient, when
received, to pay all debts then existing on
any account, and to leave a sum of about
•>’l,000, applicable to the building of th.*
Library; which, with the sum of $19,37»
40 t-2 already paid, or provided for that
edifice, would put it into a state of safety
and of some uses, until other and more
pressing objects should have been accom
plished. They considered the University,
therefore, as having had in hand on the
first day of the present year, 1824, the an
nuity of this year (clear of all prior claims)
as a fund for defraying the current ex
penses of the year, for meeting those ne
cessary towards procuring Professors, pav
ing any commencement of salaries, which
might be incurred to the end of the year,
and to leave a small surplus for contin
gencies.
I hey lound, from a view ol the future
income, consisting of the annuity and such
rents for buildings as may be reasonably
required, that it would not be adequate to
the full establishment of the ton profes
sorships contemplated by the Legislature
in their act of January Zb, 1819, for es
tablishing the University; but that it might
suffice for instituting eight professorships
for the present,, anti that the branches of
science proposed to be taught in the Uni
versity, might be arranged within the com
petence’of that number for a time, and
until future and favorable circumstances
might enable them to adu the others, and
to lighten duly the professorships thus
overcharged with duties.
They proceeded therefore to settle the
organization of the schools, and the dis
tribution of the sciences among them, and
they concluded on the same as follows;
In the University of Virginia shall be
instituted eight professorships, to wit; 1.
of Antient Languages. 2. Modern Lan
guages. 3. Mathematics. 4. Natural
Philosophy. 5. Natural History. 0.
Anatomy and Medicine. 7. Moral Philo
sophy. 8. Law.
In the school of Antient Languages are
to be taught the higher grade of the Latin
and Greek languages, the Hebrew, Rhe
toric, Belles-lettres, Antient History and
Antient Geography.
in the school of Modern Languages are
to be taught. French, Spanish, Italian, Ger
man, and tlie English Language in its
Anglo Saxon form, also Modern History
and Modern Geography.
In the school ot Mathematics are to be
taught Mathematics generally, including
the higher branches of Numerical Arith
metic, Algebra, Trigonometry Mane and
Spherical, Geometry, Mensuration, Navi
gation, t onic Sections, Fluxions or Diffe
rentials, Military and Civil Architecture.
In the school of Natural Philosophy are
to be taught the laws and properties of bo
dies generally, including Mechanics Statics,
Hydrostatics, Hydraulics, Pneumatics, A
coustics, Optics, and Astronomy.
In the school of Natural History are to
be taught Botany, '/.oology, Mineralogy,
Chemistry, Geology and Rural LcouemV.
In the school of Anatomy and Medicine
are to be taught Anatomy, Surgery, tlie
history of the progress and theories of
Medicine, Physiology , Pathology, Materia
Medica, and Pharmacy.
In the school of Moral Philosophy arc
to be taught Mental Science gencrallv in
cluding Ideology, General Grammar and
Ethics.
In the school ol Law, are to be taught
the common ami statute Law, that ol the
Chancery, the laws Feudal, Civil, Murca
torial, Maritime, and ui Nature and Na
tions, and also, the principles of Govern
ment, and political economy.
Cut it was meant that this distr.bution
should give way to occasional interchang
es ol particulor branches ot science among
the professois, in accommodation of their
respective qualifications.
The Visitors were sensible that there
might be found in the different seminaries
ot the Lnited States, persons qualified to
conduct these several schools with entire
competence; bm it was neither probable
that they would leave the situations in
which they then were, nor honorable or
moral to endeavor to seduce them from
their stations : and to have filled the pro
visional chairs with unemployed and se
condary characters, would not have fulfil
led the object or satisfied the expectations
of our country in this institution. It was,
moreover, believed tligt to advance in
science, we must avail ourselves of the
• iiihts of countries already advanced be
fore us. It was therefore deemed most
ad\isable to resort to Europe for some of
the Professors, and of preference to the
countries which speak the same language,
in order to obtain characters of the first
grade of science in their respective lines ;
and to make the selecton Vhh proper in
formation, caution, and advisement, it was
necessary to send an agi nt ot science and
confidence. 1Tancis W. Giiiner, a learn
ed and trust-worthy citizen of this state
was appointed, and has proceeded on the
mission: and should his objects be accom
plished as early as expected, we count on
opening the institution on the 1st Februa
ry next.
boiihi the donation of the last Legisla
ture, out of the debt due to this State from
the United States, have been obtained for
th<* purpose of procuring a Library, and
the apparatus necessary for the several
schools, the opportunity would have been
highly advantageous of having them cho
sen by this agent, while in Lurope, with
the advice and assistance of the respective
professors. But the application was not
in time to be acted on before the adjourn
ment of the late Congress. Yet some
books were indispensable, and some ap
paratus to make even an imperfect com
mencement. To procure these articles,
and to defray the expenses necessary for
the other objects of the mission, the board
was under the necessity of applying to
these purposes a sum of £ 10,300 of'the
annuity of the present year, and to leave
the internal finishing of the Library, how
ever much to be regretted, until some op
portunity of greater convenience should
occur.
There is some reason to doubt, from
the information received, whether our
agent will be able to effect his objects at as
early a Hay as we had expected. But of
this, more will be known in time for its
communication by the Rector with this re
port. Were it still possible to obtain from
the United States a settlement of so much
of the claim on them as was appropriated
to this institution, in time to find our agent
and Professors yet in place to invest it,
our University would open under auspices
highly propitious, in comparison with those
to which it will be subjected by this un
fortunate delav.
The success of our Collector, in his ap
plications fur the arrearages due from sub
scribers, has not been as great as it has
been in further securing the sums which
had not yet been secured. The receipts
from this resource, since the date of our
last report, have amounted to 2,0ti[) dol
lars 88 1-2 cents, and the sums deemed
separate and still to be received, amount
to #7,468 92 1-2. The accounts of the
receipts, disbursements, and funds on
hand, for the year ending with the last
month of September, as rendered by the
Bursar and Proctor,are given with this re
port, as is required by law.
Til : JKFFF.RSON, Rector.
October 3, 1824.

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