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FRIDAY, JULY, 23 1809.
REP UB Lit AX STATE TICKET. FOR GOVERNOR. GEM JOHN W. GEARY, Or CCMnKRLAttn. judge of the supreme court. box. u. W. WILLIAMS. OF AttKOltfiNV. The Republican party po!k-dl, 331, 812, votes in 1940; 1,857,019 ' in 1850 j 2,222,035 in ISO, and 3,010,453 iu 1868. Durino the four months since Giant's administration has been in working order, tho publio debt has boon reduced nvev thirtt.tix millions I "Mark that fact, tax payers. The President has issued a Proclama tion ordering an election in Mississippi ou Tuesday, the 30th day of November next. It has about the same conditions as in the State of Virginia. Tde California Democracy have a just and sensible ambition. They propose to furfish, in the person of their present Gov ernor Ilaiglit, the next candidate of their party for President, and as one of the in dications to show that they propose to lead ' f iu the work, they formerly approve, in their State Convention resolutions, of the passage and ratification of tho 15th Amendment. Sensible Calilornians ! Thus far, at least, at least, they deserve the name of Democrats. The Union of languages. We have more than once referred to the tendoncy towards the adoption of a common language. Evory year it becomes more marked. The case and rapidity of travel which tend so much to the mingling of dif ferent nationalities, between whom some it:, tercourse must be maintained, either di rectly by the acquisition of each others dia lect, or through interpreters, is fust making that language prevail which most largely represents the world's activities. 'hu, then, are tho great travellers of the world '! Are not tho English, the Scotch, the Americau, found everywhere ? All these speak a common dialect- America may he claimed as wholly English as to language. In all European cities the knowledge ot it is a mercantile and social neivt-sity. The language of India and Ausf;ia is Esigli.-h The swarms of men and women lrom Gcr inauy and other European kingdoms t;i America all learn the EDgli.sh language iu a year or more after their arrival, ilut.-y of these return to tho fatherland and bwell the increasing number ot those who speiik tho Saxon idiom. It is tho most widely Bp'iken language on the globe. Iu com pactness, in ycope, in capacity of definite expression, in cxti.-o.-drem s-t, it is, with the aid of Latin, t'.:o king of dialects. Potential ann ngtlio?e uttihj acnrk's is the telegraph, by which the nations arc placed practitjuMj together. To tt.-,c it t-uc-cofully, tho language employed must be terse, definite, clear. Thin is utcdcd.by considerations of time and economy. AV'ords are wanted which express a whole dt finite idea, which need no leijcctrvc or descriptive accompanying index. For this the Saxon stands pre eminent. No Ian. gungjean so tersely convey a thought, au order, a desire, as that which, iu our con ception, is the basis and beauty aud power of the English lauguago. It is a curious circumstance, illustrative of what wo have just written, that ou the continent, not a few use the Euglish lan guage in their messages by tcleganph, even where a foreign tongue prevails, because of this ability to condense language, increase its clarity and diminish its cost in trunsmis eion. Language is the manifestation of human thoughts and feeliug by articulate sounds. In tho the use of tbr telegraph that language which utters mo?t in a single word must prevail. The simple word " fire ! " uttered by a frightened woman, sets all the bells of the metropolis is fiercest clang as Boon as uttered. It in words like those that commerco willu.se to express its wants. They will bo words recognized everywhere, in l'ekiu, as at Marseilles, in St. Petersburg as at New York. Commerce will forgo language, which the bunt for gold, aud the eneigy of enterprise, will sooner or later establish as this idiom of he world. Of course it will take time, but mark how rapidly the Saxon tougue spreads. We believe that 100 years will not pass away before a traveler will need no other language to interpret his thoughts iu any town open to commerce iu any quarter of the earth. Iusido of our Western civjlation there arc ooi tain marked tendencies the result of which cannot fail to be a gain to Christiani ty uud the world. Fiom a variety of causes, all cf which ore in active opcie tion, nation ate becoming fewer but larger. The. lesser are gradually beiog absorbed by the sjreAter- Language is following a eimilar law, aud evideuce is not wanting to couvinee us that this tendency is destined to become even more a characteristic oi the future than it is of the present. A carrjinaa nationality and a common lan guage for all mankind is no longer an im possible dream. In porportion as this is realized so will the conquering forces ol Christianity be multiplied and bo will its success be secured. The race will be to the ewilt end the battle will be to the strong j and in this great future tho United States, the second home of the English tongue, will play a conspicuous part Journal of the Telryraph. The printer ho kissed his sweetheart, -aying please exchange," is believed not to have exceedsd the " liberty of (he press." The Easing of the Kile. ; To the annual phenomcn cf the rising of the Nile, Egypt is entirely indebted lor its fertility, nnd even for its cxistenco ns on inhabited and populous country. Without it the land would always haro hern a desert, incapable of affording tlic means of subsistence to man. Except occasionally ornr the chores of tho Mediterranean, no rain, falls throughout the land, aud there fore its patched aod saudy soil would be entirely util'iuitful, were it not that regu lar!y, at a certain season of the year the river overflows the whole adjacent country. Why it should do so was a mystery in ancient times, ami many absurd theories and conjectures were raised to accouut for it. The Egyptians themselves believed the river was n god, who, in his beneficence, epread himself annually over the land to upp!y the wants cf his people. If the rising did not begin to male its appear ance at tho expected time and it has hardly varied o einglo day ihrruglrut the course of ages -they hastily prepared n .nt;rifiee to this deiiy, usually a beautiful tirl, who was richly adorned aud then thrown into the stream. Some of the ancient philosophers lighted on the true reason of tho rising cf I he waters, when they imagined it to be due to hcnviaius falling iu the interior of Africa, nnd swelling the sources of the river. What those sources were it had baffled the investigation of thousands of years to ascertain, until recently our trav elers, Spoke, Grant, and Raker, discovered them in immense lukes situated near the equator as the stream winds, from the mouth of the Nile on tho Mediterranean coast. Tn theso lakes the names of the Victoria Nyanza und the Albert Nyanza havfjbeen given ly the successful explor ers. In the regions adjacent to these lakes, rain falls throughout the greater part of the ycir, and most heavily in Mnrah, at the time of the spring equinox. The lakes form huge reservoirs lor the water which descends from tbe elevations known as the Mountains of tho Jloon ; and t, they become- swollen, tho size of the streams which emerge from them in pro., portionately increased. Sevcial of these streams, uniting m their course, form the Upper or White Nile, end this river flow tug gradually oz. until it meets the Dluc or Lower Nile, bears irrigation to the thirty knJs below. Not only this, but as these rivers come dewu they bring with th.'m a quantity of alluv'n! soii of the richest kind ; aud when the Ni'e at last spreads itself over the flat And sandy plains of Ejrypt, it enriches thtin year by year with this muddy but fertile deposit. The conscqucuce is a gradually rising ol the lui;d, to the extent, it U calculated, of from five to six inches in a cent hit. Owing to this fart, roany of the proudest cities of aucieiit EfjJ pt ace now hall buried in the soil. Ahhough in these days we know' more: about n .tural pLcuomtn, than the philoso phers cf old. and eau satifcLtctorlly explain the reat'on of the rising water, there re mains one wonder connected with it which is us great to lis as to them, ami that is its uniformity. As we have p ud, ihrouKhont the course of nges its commencement has scarcely varied tut one day, and its extent is also comprised, as a rule, within a narrow limit. So equal, in the main, raur-t be the juantify of water Woieh ial,s annua. ly at the equator, aud so regular the eemmeace usent aud dct-lico of thi rainy seasou. I he n.-.iiiii commences in Lower Egypt about tho 2"jth of June, and steadily in orci;ex durit this three luoinhs tohuwiuir. In ll'aHime the valley ol the Ni'e becomes covered by its waters, nnd Us ilia its 'land out from them like lit tits islands, as for lho time they are. When tiic water lias at tained its maximum bight, it regains sta tionary for about teu days, and then de cliues as steadily as it srose. On its sub. siding, the lar.d has been thoroughly fcr. tilized, nnd vfgetatioD becomes luxuriant. The bight to which the river rises is a matter of vital importance. A few feet nioieor less make tho difference between starvation aud abundance. The average bight var'es according to tho distance traversed by the river, from about forty feet ivherc it enters Egypt, to four feet only near the Mediterranean. Taking ns au intermediate bight that observed at Caiioif the lisp is less tbm twenty feel, there is scarcity, or even famine; if it is three or four feet more, the crops will be short ; three or four feet more ngaiu, and they will bo abundant ; but if tbe water goes still higher, it becomes an unhealthy flood. Contrivances for measuriog the exael riso of the Nilo were in use in ancient times, and ia two instances. the remains of these " Milometers " still exist. One and the most ancient, supposed to have becu erected in the time of the Roman dominion, is found in the island of Ele phantine, in Upper Egypt ; and on the walls of tbe building in which it. is con tained are inscriptions recording tho heights of the inundation in various years. Tbe other is situatud in the island of Rhoda, near Cairo, ard is believed to have been built in the time of the A'uliau caliphs. It consists of a square well, into which the water is admitted as it rises, while in the center is a column of marble market at frequent intervals with the dis tanca from the lowest level. The Milo meters ore supposed to haye been of chief utility in adjusting the taxation of tho oountry, as they would give indications as to whether the season would be plentiful or otherwise. World of Wouders. A talented young African of the boot black persuasion, while dancing like fy. Vitus over a customer's boots vthe other day, observed a neighbor poring wisely over a newspaper, whoieupon be addressed hiirutbus: Julius, what de debel you lookin at dat paper fur f You can't read." "Go way, fellah ! " replied the other, indignantly ; " guess I can read. 1'ta big 'nuff fur dat." " liig' uuff ! " retorted tha first one sconiully, Dat aiu't uuffin. A cow is biir 'nufj to cotch a mice, but she eau't do it" up i How Mike Ko.ta the Bull. rtfikn took n notion to go in pwimming, and had just got his cloathes off when he snw Deacon Smith's bull making at him. Tho bull w&s a vicious animal, and had come near killing two or three persons, consequently Mike felt lather " jnbus." fie didn't want to call for help, for ho was nakod, and the nearest place from whence assistance could arrive was the meeting house, which was at that time filled with worshippers, among whom was the " gal Mike was paying his devours too." So he dodged tbe bull, as tbeanimal came at him, and managed to catch its tail. lie was dragged round till nearly dead, and when he thought, bo cculd stand it no longer he made up-his mind to holler. And now wo will let him tell his own story : " So, looking at tho matter in nil its hearii'gi, I cum to the conclusion that I'd t.-etter let some one know whar I was. So I cln a yell, louder than a locomotive whistle, and it ware't long before I seed the deacon's two dogs a coming down like is if thy wero seeing which could get thnr first. . I kuow'd who they were niter they'd jine ilia bullain me. So, sez I. old biioill-;, as riuiu' is as cheap as walkiu' on this rout, if you've no objections, I'll just take n deck passage on that ar' back of yours. Ro waru't very long getting astride of biru. Then, if you'd been thar, you'd have sworn that thnr waiu't any thing huuino in that ar' "mix," the siie flew so ovfully as the critter and I rolled round the field one do oo one side, aud one on the other, trying t) clinch my feet. I prayed ar.l cursed, and cursed nnd prayed, until I couldn't tell which I did last, and neither warn't of- no use, they were so ovfully mixed up. " Well, I reckon I rid about half an hour this way, when old brindle thought it time to stop to take in a supply of wind and cool off a little. Sa when we go round to a tree that stood thar, bo naturally hulled, so stz I, old boy, you'll kwa otic passenger sartiu. So 1 j'st cluiu up a braucb, kalkerlating to roost till I staived before I'd be rid around that ar' way any longer. I war a making tracks for the top of the tree, wLod I hoard suthin' a miikin' an orfnl buzin' overhead. I kinder looked up, and if ihar wasa't well, tliar's no use a sweariu but it war the biggest hornet's rest ever hilt. You'll gin in now 1 reckon, Mike, 'caus (bar's no help lor you. Hut an ide struck me then that I stood a heap better chance a ridin' tbe bull than whtr I was. ?,z I, oi l tYllor, if you'd hold on I'll ri-le to hc t.ext station anyhow, l.-t that be whar it will. So I jist droppc 1 aboard him agin, and looked rtlof to see what I bad gained by ihangin' quarters, and, geutlcman, I'm a liar.it that warn't nigh half a bushel ot the slingii)' varmint. ready to pitch into ine when iho word ' go ' was gin. Well, 1 re-'kon t'-.cy got it, for all hands slutted for our company Some on 'em hit the dogs, about a quart ktiuok a:c, aad the rest charged ou bricd'e. This ' time the dcs 1-jJ olT faot, dead bent fur the old deacon's, end as toou as old briodlu and 1 oo.ild got under way we fullered, and as I was ouly a deck p"S!eu ger, I had notbin' to do with Bteerin' the cvaft ; if I bad, we shouldn't have run that channel aiyhow. Tint, as I said bo fore, the d ogs took the lead lrindlo and I next, and the hor-oets dre'kly niter. The -J-.gh yel'.io' bnr.dks holiuin,' aud the bornetj buzz' and ttingin'. " Weil, we had got about two hundred yards from the houso, and the deacon heard us and cum out. I seed him hold up his baud, and turn white. I ietl.cn he was pruyiu' then, for ho didn't expect, to be called forfco .rj ; and it waru't hng nfoiv ile w hole congregation men, women nnd children cum out, and then nil hands went to yullin'. None ul Vm had thr; fust notion that Lrindlo aud T belonged to this world. Ijiuttumed my head aud passed the whole eti-.igiegation. 1 seed thernu would be up soon, lor luindh couldn't tnrn mu inch from a fence that stood dead ahead. Well, wo rcaohed that fence., and I went ashore, over the critter's head, landing on ihe other side, and lay there stunned. " It warn't long aforo sonre of them as wasn't seared cum ruiiniu' to t-ee whar 1 war, for all bauds kalkerlatcd that the bull and I belonged together. Hut when brindle walked off by bimsflf, they seed hew it war, and one of 'em said t ' Mike J'iiicko has ot the scrummage once in his lite.' '' Gentlemen, fivm that day I dropped the courting biziues, aud novir spoke to a gal since, and when my hunt is up on this earth there won't be any more Piticks, aud its all owiu to Deacou Smith's brindle bull." The Democrats are not pleased with Sir. Doutwell's very successful manage ment of our National Trea sury. His rapid reduction of tho publio debt is falsifying all their evil predictions, and they are ii soquently unhappy. Geu. Grant and the Republican party have pledged themselves to " economy, retrenchment and the pay ment of tho publio debt," and they meau to fulfil their pledge if it makes miserable every Democrat in tho country. There never was a party in existence in this country whih redeemed its pledges as faithfully as has the Republican. When it was organized it pledged itself to maiu. tain the uational life. The crushed slave holders rebellion is the evidence of the fulfillment cf that covenant. During that struggb the Republicans agree to pay the uational debt aud lake care oi survivors of the war for the Union. It is doing this every day. When Gen. Hancock was assigned to duty in the West, with head quarters at St. Puul, tho Democratic papers blubbered because he was sent into " exile." When be came out the other day for Governor of Pennsylvania, tbe Democracy concluded that this " exile " was just the the thing for him and went iu for Packer aud his W . S- SERVICE- f)00,000 CUSTOMERS WANTED. At tho new Masonic Hall Building. STOTE8 nt prices tliaf will please of all de sirable kinds. TIN-WARE of every kind on iiund at all times. Special attention given to W holcsnlo orders. I'rice .list furniBlicd to dealers on application. S II LET- T!X AND COPPER WA RE. House furnishing goods o groat variety. u .STEAM AND WATER V1PEINO, r-CMPS, FISHING AND HUNTING TACULE, such as RODS BAS KETS, SEINES, FLIES, HOOKS, CAI'S, POWDEU, &c. $o. BIRD CAGES A X1CE VARIETY. ROOFING, GUTTERS, SPOUTS. J of Tin, Galvanized Iron oud Copper and every kind of HOUSE AND JOB WORK doiic on liort cotico and warranted, AGKN'ty of Henry Disstons celebrated ssbs. Onters for saws at factory prices eo-li-:itod, also fur repairing. Information nnd prica i:.-t fa ni.-.hod on application. PAD: it RAGS, OLD ROVK, OLD COl'l'KR. l!HA!if, l-EW-TEP., LEAD, IRON, KBEStVAX, IIEAVT DIDKS, DK'.KON SKINS, 8'J ESP PELTS, GREEM B AC KS, NATION A L B AN K NOTES, V. S. BONDS fio. taktu in t-a hir.-jr for Goo'h or Murk. vlnQOtf. W. S. SKItVK'E. fcsrecial Notices mo CONSUMPTIVES. i lie Advci'ti.-er, lumng lieen rcstor.-d to health ra a I'e.7 we-t-l;.-', by voiy simple rop.it'ily, .itur liuvinrr sntTtTcd Pcwml yeais with ii scviu'c lung ni!o?!ion, au-1 Unit dmn-i rlir.(--.sn, (niiHtiii'.ptiuli 1:1 atir.ir.us 10 tr.a):i; Liil. r.ji (g Lis fetlow-sutieivrs iIib uieiuis of eupc. To nil w!:o drj-i-.-i it, lip i! send a cyy of I'.io dit-iCi 'ii'li'.n Uicd. free of cli.ti-jce, wiLh tl.c liofv.inii jor i'ieiai'iii and u--itiK ilni. sitine. wliidi ll.cy will fu.d .1 Hir.e (.'ur- for C'liissimp-li-.-n, Astliiiia, Bi'Oiiiriillis, clo. 'ibu object of the ailv uui'iT in -ondiiig the Prescription is to torci'it tliC tit)liciod, and Bj)i-eaI iul'01 ai iliun wliicli he conceives to tn inva:ii:ib!tt ; and he lo pes every stiilevor will try his loniedy, aa it will cost li'ui nothing, and H.ay prove a bleed ing. Pin tles wipJrng the rvpseriplion, will ph-n.jo addre-s. REV. EDW A 1! I) A. WII.'HI.N, Wiiliaai.s'uuig, Kitiii Count v, N. V. vln20yl. IRROKS OK YOUTH. A Gentleman who sniftered for years from Nervom Debdity, PremiitnrB liociiy, and all iheeiTiolB ot" jrmtliful indis'-retion. will, for thflFiikeor' HiiUeriug lmtnauity, send fr to ill who need it, the recci t and dircctiorm f ir m.'.hing the simple remedy by which he uh cured. Sufferers wishing to pro 11 ' by the ad vertiser's expcn'erK-o, can do o by addressing, in perfect eonti lem:,'. J'MIN B. OGDEN, vlu2f.yl. No. 42 Cedar street, N. Y. COURT PROCLAMATION. Whereas, tho Hon. S.P.Johnson, President Judge aud Hons. E. C. Schultze and Jesse Kyler. Asso ciates, Judges of the Court .f Quarter Sessions, Orphans' Court, Oyer and Terminer, ami Gen eral Jail delivery, for the trial of capital and other offenses iu the . county of Elk, by their prcceipta to ine directed, have ordered the aforesaid nnmed Courts to bo holden at liidg way, in and for the county of Elk, 011 the First Monday of August it being the "2d day of tho month, and to sontinue one week. Notice is hereby given to Ihe Coronet-, Justices of the Peace, and Cons ubles of the said county, that they are by these presents commanded to bo then and there in their proper peYsnris ul ten o'clock, A. M., of said day, with their rolls, rtcords nnd inquisitions, and other re. nieinbranc3s, to do those things which their ollices appertain to bo done, and that till Justices of e,iid couniy make returns of nil recognizances enletcd into belore them, to the Clerk of the Court, us per net of Assembly of March -ItU 188-1. Ami those who lire bound to prosecute the prisoners thut are or tihall be in the jail of the county of Elk, and to be then and there to prosecute against them as thull be just. JACOB McCAULEY, Sheriff. Ridgwuy, July 10, n23io. DMINISTRATOR S NOTICE. Loiters of Administration, on the Estate of CLARK. EG LESTUN late of Hortou Township, deceased, having been granted to the subscri bers ; Notice is hereby given to all indebted to said Estate to make immediate payment, nnd all having claims against, tho same to pre sent Ihcni to the subscribers forthwith for ad justment., N HIRAM F.GLESTON, HORACE LITTLE. Administrators. Ridgway Juno 22, 1809. n32tb TANNING & LUMBER CO. J7EYSTONE STORE WILCOX l'A- ATTENTION EVERYBODY SPFIJNG OPENING ! The largPBt store In North Western Pa., lit ternlly filled to overflowing. WINTER GOODS closing out regurdlcss of value. We arc opening the ppring campaign with the largest and most attractive stock over offered in this market. We shall endeavor to keep -every depart ment well assorted the year round, Our. DRY GOODS DEPARTMENT will alvrnys contain a large and well selected ?tock of Cloths Cftssitncr9 & Cloakings, Black nnd Colored Silks. Seasonable dress goods in great variety. Table Linens, Napkins Towels &c, white goods of every-des'cription. bleached and brown tdieetings all widths. GLOVES & HOSIERY TRIMMINGS and NOTIONS CARPETS and OIL CLOTHS WALL and WINDOW PAPER, BOOKS AND STATIONERY, CLOTHING, HATS and CAPS, BOOTS .4 SHOES, DRUGS A MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS & DYE STUFFS, LEATHER, .f: SIIOE E1XDIXGS, HARDWARE, STOVES A TIX-WARE, IRON STEEL, XAILS t BUILDERS HARD WARE. Ii.-lfc ,V. WASHKKS, MOUSE SHOES & NAILS, WAGON SPRINGS, PATENT AXLES it- BOXES, CROCK KilY and GLASSWARE, STONE WARE, FLOUR, FEED & MEAL, CORN and OATS, FURNITURE OP ALL KINDS, SASH & DOORS COFFINS, MATRASSES, BEDDING, &o., TOBACCO & CIOARS, TRUNKS, VALISES & CAE PET BAGS, HUDBEIt I3ELTINQ. CLOCKS i" GREAT VARIETY. Agents for Hojt Bros. Celebrated Leather Bulling. With our superior facilities for obtaining heavy goods, in large quantities, from first bauds we defy competition in Groceries & Provisions. We invite particular attention to our choice brands of extra and double extra flour, we get direct from mills at the west thus saving to customers the profits usually pocketed by middlemen. Our flour is always fresh ground and we guurautce entire satisfaction with every barrel TANNING & LUMBER Co. vln21tf. Wilcox Pa. POWELL & KIME. QOOD3 FOR THE MILLION. POWELL & KIME, At their capacious stores both in RIDGWAY AND CENTRE VILLE , Have on hand, eplendid assortments, '.f all seasonable Goods adapted to tiie want of theA people, of Elk and adjoining counties, which' they arc selling at (rices that defy couipctilion,Triey would sisiply state hero, that being very Targe dealers , their facilities for purchasing ara "iTd equalled by any establishment in tho county. They buy directly from manu factures aud on tho GROUND FLOOR. Annther advantage. You can always get whet you want ut their stores, hcut-o you will ssvo time by going dirsetly ti them -and TIME IS MONEY. Wo have no sp-.co hew to euuiuurate all the ad vantages you will have iu patronizing tbeo establishments- But call and sec, a:ul reap the advantages for yoursslve. Among their Goods yon will find iHtY GCODS in enllcfls vanotie, GROCERIES choice and fresh CLOTHING of best material soj-erior cut and finish, HOOTS & SIIOES of las beat stock and wake, CROCKERY for newly married, middle aged aud eldeily. DRIED FRUIT, 13 UTTER, EGGS, PORK, HAMS, LARD, FLOUR, CORN 'MEAL. AND EVERYTHING ELSE AUo rooft other kinds of couu'ry tq duco taken at tho market vuW vlultf.