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' v...- v..-- - 1IENRY A. TAESONS, 3a , Editor and Publisher ELK COUNT Y THE llEl V BL1C AN PARTY Two dIixaws. 1"Kk Aknuh. VOL. I. RIDGWAY, PA., TIIURSpAY, JUNfc 27, 1871. Jfjof If mm t ATA 91 - AIM till jU 1 I I BY LOUIBB CUANDI.EB MOULTOJt. rL tllv ,onR.,oncly times, poor soiling heart t When dnys are Blow, and Bilcnt nlRlitR nre siul, mMtuirr, wraiK ueurt. rcinumberuiiabogluri, r ur SOU10 ono lovuU Wee. Borao one, Indeed, who cared for fading face, For time-touched hair, and weary-falling nrm, uu iu niy very snnncs ionna a cnarm, To make him lore thee. Ood knows thy dnya are desolatc.poor heart. as mou aoet Bit alone, ana anmuly wait For what comes not, or comes, alas I too late, dui Htmo uuu iuveu mee. Take cheer, poor heart, remembering what ne saia, And how of thy lost yonth he missed no grace, jiuh buvt auiuu Buutiur ucnuLy id iny lace, So well be loved thee. It may be, on Time's farther shore, the dead uiuto uiu sweet Bunaes 01 inoso tuey missed on this. And dream, In heavenly rest, of earth's lost Ul IBS So he shall love thee. Till then take cheer, poor, silent, achlug Content ttiOR with ilu r,.A i.a .,.. . . ., - - u urn tj luuilll mirt Mourn not for lading bloom, or time-touched J1UII , Since ho hath loved thee. II1HI1 nunBea U1S nolCIlDnr.and tlin HIKTll. A tunnlr tilimiul nvnr .T;mt, A guish bluo-eved boy grinned in a ghast- week of as rare June weather as 'ever THE JIMTOWN ROMANCE. A iloo.ler ltoundeluy. BY JAMES MAURICE THOMPSON. The corner brick storehouse in fact we ouiy brick building iu Jimtown was to do soia at auction ; and conse quently, by ten o'clock in tha mnrnino- a considerable body of men had collect- ly, self-satisfied wav. "A going at fifty dollars I Think of it l A. Louse worth four or five thou. sand dollars at the leimt I Pshaw I bid up lively, men " cried the auetionnnr. " Six hundred dollars," said he of the green glasses, in a soft, pleasant tone. " bix . hundred dollars 1 eohoed thn auctioneer triumphantly; now, then, wim sounus like business 1 Agoing guiug diu up or you lose a bargain " Hooray for hoorav and hoornVa r dy I" shouted the tallow-faced vo.it.ri The frogs pitched their song an octave higher, the blue-birds and pee-wees wheeled through the falling floods of yellow sunlight, and lower and sweeter rose the murmur of the tide of pulsating r " "iiea ana swavea the fresh sprays of the oaks and elms. The well- dressed stranger took off his Green srlass. es, wiped them carefully, and put them iu his pocket. lue Roman face of Bit? Medicine was just then a most interesting one. It was expressive of more than words could rightly convey. The stem of the clay pipe had settled back full three inches into the firmly-sot mouth, so that there was imminont danger to the huge brown mustache that drooped over the nery oowl. bix hundred and tn dollars." s;iid iiig Medicine. " A going, a began the auctioneer. " bix-twenty," said tho stranger, "Ago" "Six twenty-one," growled Big Medi cine. " Six twenty-five," auicklv added his nui-ttguilist. Big Medicine glanced heavenward. and for a moment allowed his eyes to lingered about the cool places of the woods, or shimmered over tho sweet clover MossoniB where the field-larks piped and the ladened bees rose heavily to book their Homes, liy this time it was known by - everybody that Mr, Golding would soon bring on a stock of " dry goods, groceries, boots and shoes," and set up a " store," in the old corner The mail hack stood at the post-office door, and Mr., Golding was coming thence with a letter in his hand. Big Medicine stopped and glanced up at tho window, mere stood Uarne. He smiled and muttered ! ' Right wher I fust saw tho sweet lit no thing r lr. nU J 1 . . iur. uoimug passea aim nastily, a great excitement flashing from his face. Big' Medicine gazed wonderingly after Sonic Needed Inventions. American invention has done its full share in redncing the sum of human misery. The world is debtor to it for much that has simplified labor bv But planting or supplementing muscle with mechanism and machinery. The cotton gin, the steam-boat, the sewing-machine, the mower and reaper, and many other lugouiuus uuuiuinations or appliances a brick; but Big Medicine knew more his partner, till he saw him disappear UD V?,Son..e outworn us to gladden the r than any of his neighbors, for he and the stairs, then went into the i store- w ona.a id receive tho g rate iul reoogni- liul- I f nl (1 1 n cr fnrmorl . tt.itna..1tln I TT. ai U L I. 1 i ., , I tlOn of mankind. Tint, f'tinnoli la 1 fit f i . o , . -wwu.. Liiun,,. uj ucwu n wiiu cry I inis a oner uoiaing naa lately been a prominent retail merchant in Cincinnati, but had failed, saving only the merest remnant of his goods and a few hundred dollars. Thus he came to Jimtown to begin life and business anew. The week had been a long one to David Cook (Big Medicine): why, it would not be easy to tell. He was often standing out before the corner brick gazing up at one of the vacant windows, where pieces of the broken lattice were swaying in the wind ; and occasionally ne muttered to nimselt, " Ther's where I fust seed the gal. Four big wagons (loaded with boxes.! three of them containing the Btore goods, and one the scanty household furniture ot Mr. Holding and his daughter Carrie, came rumbling into Jimtown. Big iueaicine was on nana, a nerlect ller cules at unloading and unpacking. Mr. Golding was sadly pleasant, Carrie was roguishly observant, but womanly and quiet. In due time the goods were all placed on the shelves, and Mr. Golding's house hold furniture was carried into the npper rooms, where ne purposed living, Uarrie Keeping bouse, Un the hrst evening attcr things had of joy, but it might have been the wind. W hen an hour passed, Mr. Golding and Carrie came down to the store room. How strangely beautiful the girl was now I "Mr. Crook, I have glorious news this morning," said Golding. ' And what mought it be f said Big Medicine, as a damp chilliness crept uver mm, ana nis iace grew almost as paina as tne spotless bosom of his shirt. " Ane oanking-nouse of Kelly & Krof- ton has resumed payment, which will give me back nearly all my lost wealth." iJig iiieatoine was silent. " I have determined. On tTlA mnmAtif to give you this house and all that's in it. 1 can t take the time to write the deed and fix np the matter now, but I will not neglect it. Carrin nasten at once to Cincinnati. The hack is waiting, so good-bye, my dear friend : God bless you!" Mr. Golding wrung his partner's cold, limn hand without uouuing now ieanuuy Haggard that ''Oman tace had suddenly grown. " wood-bye, Mr. Urook ; come to see us very soon. It will be so lonesome without you." Carrie spoke thus frank ly as she gave him her hand also. iiig Medicine smiled ed near the somewhat dilar.ir1.if nrl 100 follow the flight of a great blue heron been nut to richis. Mr. Goldintr .mi,, tn .m:i v.. , i "ami.n (Hrantl ir, i.r:LrT, r. tW. im.A i." u:,.u T: ivl-j:-. T ' " "uu. i"". " woru. Carrie 8 ""m. ui wiuou ine auction- "j " -"s " "'6" " mo ""uoi woman s heart sank under hnt eer, a fat man from Indianapolis, mount- Bumnier glories, toward the distant ed on an old box. betran r.rvirnr. nnrHir swamps, where the white sycamores i u i.- x.u ' "7... r. er J I A 1 iL. J 1 vuiuugu uis toDacco-nllea mouth, and moir biuib buuvo me aarit green partly through his unmusical nose, as luuuws : ' Come up, gentlemen, and examine me new and bplendid property I now oner ior Baie I walk round the house, men, and view it from every side. Go into it, up stairs and down, and then give me a bid to start with. It is a very t i . .. ... uioii nuiu uuuse, inaeea, gentlemen I With such a nreliminarv tintT. iha speaker paused and glanced slowly over mo auuience witn tne air of a practiced physiognomist. The crowd before him was, in many particulars, an interesting one. Its most prominent individual was wave uook, sometimes called Dr. Cook, but more generally answering to the somewhat savage-sounding sobriquet of Big Medicine, a man some 35 years of oge, stanaing six toot six m his ponder- i ' i . . . . uus uoois ; Droaa, oony, muscular, with a strongly-marked Roman face, and brown, shaggy hair. He was dressed in maples and dusky hazel-witch thickets. The auctioneer, a close observer, saw an ashy hue, barely discernible, ripple slow ly across the great Boman face as Big iueuicine saia, in a jerking tone : eix twenty-nve and a half The stranger smiled and threw out his chew of tobacco. No more imperturba v,i . 1 J i , uio uuuubeiiaucu couiu De imagineu. isix twenty-six r ne said gently. ' Take the old house and be derned to you I cried Big Medicine, looking furi. ously at his antagonist. "Take the blamed old shack-a-merack, and all the cussed blue-birds and peer-weers to boot, ior an l care 1" "A-going, agoing bid ud. menl ROing, going who says five more 'i All doner1 Going, going I last call gone to Abner Golding for six hundred and tteenty-tix dollars, and cheap as dirt !" The sale was over, and the crowd broke into small fragments, comnosed u soiled suit of blue jeans, and toDned off generally of three or four individuals, with a plug hat that it would have made " Go"y- doctor," said the tallow-faced an antiquarian frantio to see. He stood youth to Big Medicine : " Golly, doctor, quite still, near the auctioneer, smoking but didn't that 'are gal make that 'are a clay pipe, his stalwart arms folded n ob shanty look pooty when she oeened his breast. As for the others of th out?" crowd, they were, taken individually "You see this ere bundle of bones '" and collectively, about such as one will Big Medicine, holding up his always see in a " dark corner." such bh enormous fist for the young man to in- parts of Boone county were a few years pect. ago. before the ditchincr law unri thn T "Guees so," was the renlv. B. & W. Railway had lifted the fnrr. anil " Well, would you like a small mess of lb " I suppose we ought to advertise." " Do how r " Advertise." " Sartinly," said Big Medicine, though he had not the faintest notion of what was meant, " Who can we get to do our fence-ad, vertising f A gleam of intelligence Bliot into the eyes of Big Medicine. " O, I know what ye mean now I 1 11 hnd some feller what 11 do the thing." he said: then. after musing a few seconds, he added, with a Btart and a curious grin. " The moon shines to-night, don't it'r"' " les ; why r " I'll do the paintin' tonight. I'll fix it." So the thing was settled, and Big nri-j ..... u iueaicine was gone ail nignt. The next day was one sluice of rain. It poured incessantly from daylight till dark. Big Medicine sat on the counter and chuckled. His thoughts were evi dently very pleasant to himself. Mr. Golding was busy marking goods, and Came was helping him. The great gray eyes ot isig Medicine followed the winsome girl all the time. When night came, and she went up stairs, he said to uoiding : " mat gal of your n is a coortv little tning. "Yes, she's all I have left." reolied r ti it- . iur. uroiaing in a sad tone. Big Medicine stroke his brown beard, look. though she knew not wherefore. ihe hack passed round the curve of the road. They were gone. Big Medi cine Btooa aione in tne door ot the cor ner-brick. He looked back over his shoulders at the well-filled shelves and mumbled out : " She ain't here, and what do I want of the darned old store The wind rustled the elm leaves and tossed the brown locks of the man over his great forehead ; the bine-birds Bang on tne rooi, tne aust rose in little col umns along the street, and high over head, in tho yellow mist of the fino Juno weather, sailed a heron, going to the distant lakes. He closed and locked tho door and went out into the woods. A month passed ere he returned. Meantime where had he been ? Only hunting for Mr. Golding and Carrie. He found them, after a long s.arch, in a splendid cottage on tne nights just out of Cin cinnati. Mr. Golding greeted him cord ially, but somehow it did not seem to Big Medicine that Mr. Golding was really before him. His heart did not realize it. " Carrie is in tho garden. She will be glad to see you. Go out through the hall, you will see the little gate." Mr. uoiding waved his hand after the manner of a rich man, as he spoke and smiled patronizingly. with a hesitating step arid a heart be done to Ocoupy the most inventive genius ; and in directions which promise ample remuneration to the fortunate discoverer. Of these needed inventions we may name a few. not necessarilv wonderful or as widely influential as those above referred to, but which are none the less desirable. Moreover.there is a fortune in store for the happy man or woman who shall first introduce any of them to a waiting world. Let us, first and foremost, in behalf of the housekeepers of every civilized coun try, bespeak the invention of some safe contrivance for the washiug of dishes, which shall do this branch of domestic work with the least possible drudgery. ery lew nusDanas know now large a Bhare of female human life is now worn out both by mistresses and maids this least showy but most constant of all household occupations. One of the greatest of woman's wrongs, to-day, is the compulsory sacrifice of her time and temper to the inexorable claims of each meal s crockery. Even if her own hands are not obliged to undergo parboiling in the process, her cleanly tastes must be outraged, and her nerves shattered, and her purse depleted by the slovenly or careless mode of procedure whereby Bid dy bedaubs or breaks the fragile cups and plates. That this work, or most of it, can be done by some nicely adapted mechanical appliance, certainly spems to be among the possibilities. The only wonder is that it takes so long to hit upon it. Another great want of the honHehnlfl is the invention which shall render in odorous the kerosene which has oome to be the mainstay of most reitle outside of the cities as an illuminating agent. In whatever shape it is used, the " scent of tne kerosene hangs round it still," and round everything else as well. It dots little credit to chemical science and nro- gress that so many thousands of homes spouid be obliged to implore, in vain, re- tiei irom tnis ever present nuisance. The man who will supply this desidera tum is sure of being huilod and paid as an almost universal benefactor. Another want is a smoke-nreventing apparatus, wnicn win permit the con sumption of bituminous coal in furnaces and Btoves. The essentials of a perfect combustion are well enough known, and the necessities of this special case can be theorized on ad libitum by nersons who profess to be able to do what is wantod. But in practice all their promises fail, or it tue tning is secured, it is at an expense of money and complexity which makes it useless. Elso why do our steamboats. locomotives, and stationary furnaces con tinue their pernicious and disgusting uauusoi smoking r if the invention enlightened the swamps and miasmatic ponas ot tnat region of elms and burr oaks, frogs and herons. Big Medicine seemed to be the only mieny complacent man in the assem- " Can't say as I would." " Well, then, keep yer derned mouth snet r jumping down from the counter, went out into tne arizziy nignt. a lew rods from the house he turned and looked up at the window. A little form was just vanisning irom it. " Ther s wher 1 fust seed the gal." he About this time the nnrrhaoor nf iha muttered, tnen sighed and went his wav. bly. All the others discovered evidence corner brick walked slowly in the direc- It is quite probable that no fence ad- ot much inward disturbance, muttering tion of 'Squire Tadmore's office, accom- vertisements ever paid as well or stirred vu uauii otner mysteriously, and casting pamed by the young woman who had UP greater muss than those painted eager inquiring glances at an individual, looked from the window. As Bit Medi- that night by Big Medicine. If sDace a stranger in the place, who, with a pair cine saw them enter the office, he picked permitted I would copy them all for of green spectacles on and his arms up a stick and began to whittle it with your benefit, but I must be content with crossed behind him, was slowly saun- his iack-knife. a few random specimens, taken from tering about the building offered for " Orful ioke on me the bova Ml huva memory, with an eve to brevity. On sale, apparently examining it with some now," he muttered to himself. " Wonder Deacon Jones's fence was scrawled the it the 'omen's the feller's wife V A tew minutes later. 'Souire Tadmnro'a nttie ooy came running irom the office to where Big Medicine stood. " Mr. Big Medicine," said he, all out of breath, "that are man what boue-ht thn oiu nouse wants to see you perticler." whistled a few notes of a jig tune, and, full of unreal sensitW Bi MH,Vin nas been introduced into English use, as care, "Awful good clothes he's got on! Must a' come from Missouri, or some other big city I" one remarked. " Chaws mighty fine tobacker, I tell you," said another. " Them there boots I" observed anoth- " On it generally, I bet," suggested a fourth man. Meantime the subject of these very characteristic if not over-lucid expres sions continued his examination of the old house, the while some happy frogs in a neighboring pond rolled out a rat tling jubilant chorus, and the summer wind poured through the leafy tops of the tall elms and athletic burr-oaks with a swash and roar like a turbulent river. "What d'ye offer me for this magnifi cent property V Come I give me a bid I Speak up lively ! What do I hear V" The auctioneer let hi eves wander un the walls of the old brick building, to wnere tno blue-birds snd pee-wees had built in the cracks, and along the warp ed window-frames, and just then it chanced that a woman's face appeared i one or inoso staring boles, which, with broken lattice and shattered glass, still might be called a window. The face was a plump, cheerful one, rather pretty, and certainly wiuning and intel lectual, after the manner ot good, true womanly intellect. "iF?Fft dollars for tne house, 'oman and all! ' cried Big Medicine, ga,I-g up at the window in which the smiling tace was for the moment framed. The man with the green spectacles darted a quick glance at the speaker. " I aiu bid forty dollars, gentlemen, forty dollars, d'ye hear? Agoing for forty dollars! Do I hear fifty t" cried the auctioneer. The crowd now swayed earnestly for ward, closing in solid order round the store-box. Many whiskered, uncouth, but not unkindly faces were upturned to the window only in time to see the face disappear quite hastily. " Hooray for the gal I" cried a lusty lad, whose pale blue eyes made no show of contrast with his faded hair and anguish complexion. "Dad, can't ye hid agin the doctor, so's I kin claim herW M Fifty dollars !" shouted the sunburnt man addressed as Dad. This made the crowd lively. Every Mibchiff, he does I Tell him to go to : no. hold on. I guess I'll tell him myseii. ' With these words Big Medicine moved at a long, shambling Dace down to the door of the 'Squire's office. He placed his great hirsute head inside the room and grullly said : " btranger. d ye want to see me ?" Mr. Golding got up from his seat. and. coming out, took Big Medicine familiar ly iiy tne arm. " tome one side, I wish to speak with you, Bum ue very pleasantly. Big Medicine went rather sulkily along. After they had gone a little dis tance from the house, Mr. Golding smiled and remarked, with a shrug of ins nneiy-cut snoulders: " I out-bid you a little, my friend, but I'm blessed if I haven't got myself into A. TMimilmia lif lk an or t' " How so 't" growled Big Medicine, " Why, I'm short a half-dollar." " You're what '" " I lack a half-dollar, and I thought I would rather ask you to loan me the money than anybody here, Big Medicine stood for some moments in silence, whittling away on his stick. Dreamy gusts of perfumed heat swept by from the shining fields of blooming wheat, little whirlwinds played in the dutt at their feet, ana tar away, faint and tenderly musical, were heard Deacon Jones's following: "Dern yer ole gizzard, ef ye want cheep coffy, go to Goldin' an' Cook's new store 1" John Butler, a nice old Uuaker, had the following daubed on his gate : " Ye thievin' duck-legged. ya and na ole cuss, ef the sperit moves ye, go get a broad-rim hat at Uoldm' an' Cooks great stand at Jimtown." The side of William Smith's vig-pen bore this : " Bill, ye ornery sucker, come and traid with Goldin' an' Cook, corner brick." Old Peter Gurley found writing oi tne iouowing import on his new wagon-bed : " Ef yer dry or anything. ye'U find a virtooous kag of rye licker in the back room at Goldin' an' Cook's." On a large plank, nailed to a tree at Canaan's Cross-roads, all passers-by saw the following : " Git up an' brindle I Here's yer old and faithful mule ! Come in, gals, an get yer do-funny tricks and fixius, hats, bonnets, parrysols, silk petty-coat-sleeves, and other inducements I Rip in, we're on it! Call at Goldin' an' Cook s great corner brick." borne people swore, some threatened to prosecute, but finally evervbodv laughed, and went to the corner brick to trade. Jimtown became famous on account of the corner brick. Ihe sun rose beyond the auae-mires of Jimtowu, and set past the ponds and and maple swamps to the west The winds blew, the weather was fine or bad, tho herons flew over, the blue-birds twittered and flew away, the pee-wees went ana came, tin a whole year had rolled round, and now tho brick store nourished, and there was a talk of railroad through Jimtown. During this flow of time Big Medicine had foasted his eyes on the bright curls ana ongnter eyes ot uarrie Golding till strode into the flower-garden, ly a vision, such as be had seen in dreams of childhood, burst on his daz, zled eyes. Flowers and vines, and statues and fountains, on every hand rich colors, perfumes so mixed and in, tensinea tnat nis senses almost gave way, long winding walks, fairy bowers, and music. He paused and listened. A heavy voice, rich and manly, singing a love ballad to the tinkling accompani ment oi a guitar, ana blended through it all, like a silver thread, the low sweet voioe of Carrie Golding, Two steps forward, and Big Medicine towered above the lovers thus reunited after a long separation, Uarrie sprang to her feet with a start- tbe notes of a country dinner-horn. - . .. I... " . . , . o I WUUVDOU U V LUO U1IU, .UllT jl 1 H Big Medicine burst at the mouth with ni &eart f " cora tender and happy went away ; and the places that a laugh that went battling and echoing rouna tne place, mr. uoiaing laughed too. 1 say, mister, said the former. " ain't you raily got but six hundrod and twenty-five and a half?" " Just that much, to a cent, and no more, was the reply, with a pleasant, comical smile. Big Medicine roared again, louder and longer than before. " Well, I'm derned if t aint quare." said he, musingly, " you out-bid me a nait a dollar, and didn t have the Half a dollar neither wha, wha, wha, wha-eel" At the end of this be took out his leather wallet and handed Mr. Golding the required money in silver. as a child s. ihey rarely conversed more than for him to say, " Miss Carry, look there," or for her to cry out. " Please, Mr. Cook, hand me down that bolt of mushn. But Big Medicine was content. It was June again, about 10 o'clock. and Big Medicine was slowly making his way from his comfortable bachelor quarters to the corner-brick. A pecu- iar smiio was on nis laoe, nis Heart was fluttering strangely all on account of a little circumstance of the urei-edina- day, now fresh in his memory. Great led cry; then recognizing the visitor. sue Held out her little hand and wel com id him. Turning to her lover, she said " Henry, this is Mr. Crook, papa's late partner." Henry Marshal was a real gentleman. bo he took the visitor's great hard hand in a cordial way, and said that he was giaa to see him. Big Medicine stood for a moment holding a hand of each of the lovers. He did not. speak, but putting the sweet girl's hand in that of her lover, he turn ed away. As he did so a tear a great bitter drop rolled down his haggard cheek. A few long strides, and Big iir.j. , jueuicine was gone. bhrilly piped the blue-birds, tdain tively sang the pee-wees, sweetly through tne elms and burr-oaks by the corner uriua Diew tne iresn Bummer wind, as just at sunset, Big Medicine once mom stood in front of the old-building, with his eyes fixed on tho vacant, staring window. It was scarcely a minute that he stood there, but long enough for a tender out line of the circumstances of tho past year to rise in nis memory. A til.. V . ... a rustling at tne Droxen lattice, a sudden thrill through the iron frame of the watching man, a glimpse of a sweet, womanly face no, it was a fancy. Big Medicine raised his even toward heaven, which was now golden and flashing resplendently with sunset glor ies. High up, almost among the burn ing clouds, a great heron was toiling heavily westward. Taking the course choosen by the lone bird, Big Medicine once Sudden- 80010 insist' how haPPens t tnat the Cu- i dk;i.iucid iiBvoi uave uuuuteu Buy tne fl,in r,f U.J V. r -i.- how the thing is done ? This Question is one of great concern to all of our country lying west of the Alleghanies, and iu the districts where bituminous coal so largely t)redominates. A nrant.i. cal solution of the difficulty would be a blessing to Pittsburg, where a white face is an ephemeral vision, and a clean shirt is never seen. Seeing that this fuel is vastly more plentiful in the United States than anthracite coal, and in some sections is the sole dependence of the people, there surely are sufficient incen tives for the development of some simple process of eliminating its only disagree- nuio cuaractenstio. Here, then, are Borne fine openings for ambitious invent ors. And when this order is filled, we shall be ready with another list. New low j. me. tedious speaker, as for no one to re port him. Owing to the increasing cir culation of the leading journals, and the urgent necessity of getting to press ear lier than formerly, most of them find it necessary to condense, if not omit alto gether speeches of members after mid- . , ' o l, A a a; vaci.lt th.. n . f ooy that he was, he was poring over a nrriM at. that hour, and , v. single sweet smile Carrie Golding had adjourn earlier. The same plan might given him ! be tried with good effect in Nervous Disorders and Good Living. A man somewhat nast middle life, but wnose years do not imply senile decay, becomes unfit for business, fidgety, irri table, depressed, or even melancholio to the extent of insanity. We hear that he has been a hard-working man of busi ness, always nervous, and very probably an indifferent sleeper. Being most heavy for sleep in the morning, he has risen at the latest moment, and, snatch ing a mouthful of breakfast, has hurried off to catch the train or omnibus, wor ried and anxious lest he fail to reach his office at the hour appointed. At lunch-time, if he be really hard-worked. he takes, not a meal, but a sandwich or biscuit, eaten perhaps standing, and of ten bolted in so great a hurry that di gestion is difficult ; he tells us that he dare not take more of a meal in the mid dle of the day, for he would be rendered unfit for the remainder of his work. In the evening, with what appetite he may, he eats his dinner, perhaps not before half-past seven o'clock. Now, granting that his dinner is amply sufficient, such a man lives on one meal a day with very little besides. These are the persons who cannot go on without frequent holidays ; nervous by inheritance, they break down because they are insufficiently fed. A holiday, during which they live bet ter, builds them up again for a time, again to break down ; often to fall into the condition above mentioned. Anoth. er class among whom we may frequent ly witness the same result and corres ponding svmntnma &ta t.ViA rtlorcroman The London Parliamentary reporters who for various rAnnnna rlanv thamaalDA. have discovered that there is no plan an adequate amount of food. Whatever wmcn sucoeeas so wen witn a long and the causo, certain it is that many of the knew him know him no more forever. N. Y. Tribune. clergy break down in one or other of the forms of nervous disorders already enumerated, and an enlarged dietary is to them a necessity. In low nervous depression or melancholia; in hysteria and neuralgia, the importancn of aim- plying a large amount of nutriment to the nervous system can scarcely be over estimated, as in many cases it wilL be found not only an alleviation, but a rad ical cure. Good Health. How Bodies May bo Frozen by Heat. The fact that there now exists soveral machines which through the consnmp tion of coal produce ice, is one auite in, explicable to many ; and perhaps while we are enjoying our iced drinks, so grateful in the hot weather suddenly come upon us, an explanation of this apparent paradox may not be unaccept able. That heat should direotly or in directly produce cold seems, at first thought, an impossibility : nevertheless. in the laboratory of nature this is an operation constantly going on ; and it a in iuib wise : Whenever a body changes from solid to a liquid Btate, or from a liquid to a vaporous condition, large amounts of sensible heat disappear. Either the temperature (sensible heat) of the body itself falls very much lower than it was before in its change of state, or sensible heat is abstracted from surrounding Doaies to maintain tne expanding sub, stance to its former temperature. The heat abstracted and stored np iu the body, so that it no longer produces the enects popularly included in th term " heating," has been called latent heat Its amount varies greatly in different onus, nquius, ana vapors. Now there are two ways in which bodies may be expanded, namely: by adding to their heat sensible or latent, or both or by removing tho pressure their surfaces sustain. Or we may, if we choose, both impart heal and remove pressure simultaneously. Thus the gas chlorine, when submit ted to a pressure of about four atmos, pheres, becomes a liquid, and will re main so as long as the pressure is con tinued. During the act of compression it gives off a certain amount of heat. whioh is the exact equivalent of the mechanical power employed in reducing its volume. When the pressure is re moved, it expands to its original bulk as a gas, and in so doing takes the same amount of heat, from other bodies, as it lost when compressed. Air, when com pressed, gives off heat, and absorbs the same amount again when it expands. In reducing the volume of bodies, we may not only use compression, but we may also abstract heat by bringing them into contact with oolder bodies, thus powerfully aiding tho mechanical power in bringing about the desired result. But mechanical power is only another name for heat, the terrestrial power. If we employ a water wheel to generate our power, we find this possiblo only because heat has raised the water for us. If we use wind as a motor, it is heat that cuts the air in motion; and if we employ steam, we must do the same thing. If we use an electromotor we find our materials prepared for us through the same agency, Ihe various ice machines employ volatile materials such as expand into gas at ordinary temperatures, or at least do so when atmospherio pressure is removed from their surfaces. In thus expanding they abstract heat from water placed in suitable vessels, brought in contact with the absorbing bodies. The expanded gases are next compressed. the heat given off during the compres sion being absorbed by some other body most generally water. The condensed and cooled materials are then allowed to expand in contact with the vessels containing the water to be frozen again, ana so on repeatedly until ice is pro duoed. Thus we see that heat indirectly pro duces cold, and this is only an expression of a general law. Nothing can gain heat without loss of heat in something ohe, and though the gain or loss may be latent and not appear in the tempera ture, yet we may be eure that the sum totai is always tne same. The Karrow-Gauge Railways. The first locomotive built in thin nnnn fru fill, a Tcmn..-.a..na -oil.nJ I been completed at Philadelphia at the Baldwin Worlra. far tTia naa tf fh. Tkan ver and Rio Grande Railway. Its total weigntm running order is 'Jo,300 pounds, of which 20.500 is carried nn trmrlrivino. wheels. The gauge is three feet. The wheels ara nt in mini her fmii. nf tham of a diameter of forty inches, being cou pled as drivers, with the one pair of leadiner wheels an nrrdticrorl aa fn cn.M 0 u w 11.. ' i. - , . ... lud engine to run Bnort curves readily. The . tender has four wheels. fl,nH Ann carry 500 gallons of water and about uue ana a nan tons ot coal, in the va- construction or under consideration in mis country tnree feet seems generally to be taken as the standard of gauge ; but it doM Hot. RAAm fhnf. Ilia nuaotmn has been as fully discussed and under stood as its importance demands. The famous FpHtininir Tfdilnm-ir in Wilu I.a o ' J - I VUU first line of the kind to go into opera tion, is oi oniy two leet gauge nominally in fact it is half un inr-h Wa. Ttnf tliio road was not built with the intention of using steam on it. It was constructed in 1832 as a horse tramway, and was so operated until eight years ago, when it was turned into a locomotive passenger railway, and, contrary to the expecta tions of flAftrlv AVArvhft1. nunt V - J tttw.j vt.j .avv bUO self-reliant innovator who effected the change, proved a most remarkable suo- cess. Thn rAnn.rtmAnt rf T,.V,); Wl. in India, after a long investigation, re- punou in iavor oi a gauge lor 0,000 miles of road of t WO fAT. ann ii rr I inin. es, but finally adopted three feet and tureu incaea. An iN or way two roads of three febt and six inches are in success ful oneration. (Iwirmi KtAnt.on.nn a: i. O Wt.J'tlCUDUU U11K. inally adopted the four-foot nine-inch gauge, uouause 11 was used in all horse vehicles in Eno-lund Wkon of the first locomotive were put togeth er, for some unexplained cause it proved to be only four feet eight and a half inches in gauge, and that was at once without question accepted by railroads generally as the best standard. At a Certain hotel in Ohio. a. lnro-o mirror is Placed at thn un l.rftndu nf tho dining-hall, which is so constructed that you see yourself a thin, cadaverous, hun gry person; but when you oome out from the table and look ap-ami in fh glass, your body is extended to the ex- a !i .. . a i MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. v The recent census returns for Ireland, couti asted with those of the past thirty years, show a steady decrease in the pop ulation. In 1811, the population was 8,196,597. In 1851 it was 0,574,278, while this year it is but 9,402,858, nearly 400, 000 less than ten years ago. Farmers in Wisconsin have engaged, to a very considerable extent In tobacco raising, the fields ranging in extent from the garden-patch to forty, acres,, with the majority from five to ten acres. So many children have been placed at work in the fields as to seriously affect the schools. A merry, light-hearted damsel rushed into a citizen's arms at Savannah, ex claiming, " Oh, you are my long-lost brother 1" She soon discovered her mis take, and rushed off in a confused man ner, accompanied by her long-lost broth er's pocket-book. Quilp and his wife had a bit of con tention, the other day. " I own you have more brilliancy than I," said the woman, " but I have the better judg nient." " Yes," said Quilp, "your choice in marriage shows that!" Quilp was justly informed that he was a self-conceited brute. A clergyman was lately depicting be fore a deeply interested audience tho alarming increase of intemperanoe,when he astonished his hearers by exclaiming : " A young man in my neighborhood died very suddenly last Sunday, while I was preaohing the Gospel in a beastly state of intoxication." A dreadful catastrophe is renorted from the State of Zacatecas, Mexico. In the Quebradilla Silver Mine, on one of the three gveat veins in that famous region, a fire has occurred by which over one hundred miners were suffocated. The machinery and equipment of tho Mexican mines are quite primitive ; but fatal accidents from fires are not common there, nevertheless. A Cincinnati newspaper man. finding himself in the neighborhood of one of Brigham Young's wife, and having heard of the terrible life the fragments of that compound entity lead, burned with an ambition to reveal her woes to the world. He called to interview her, therefore,and she went for him in words to the follow ing effect: "I -will have nothing to do with you. I am perfectly contented. I get everything I need, and have an easy pleasant life. Clear out I" Connecticut has a superior class of dogs, if we may judge from a canine specimen owned by J. S. Trowbridge, of Canaan. Trowbridge made a journey on horsebaok one day. and missed his dog. The next day he missed his wal let, containing f C50, and on the second day the faithful beast was found in the road watching the money, which was entirely safe. Suoh a dog would not live long here unless bullet and poison proof. The lion and the lamb have no exensa for not lying down together any more. At Woonsocket, the other morning, a cat, domiciled in a store, was found care fully nursing three kittens and a young rat. The kittens through the day were removed, but the cat continued her motherly offices to the rat. and when the foundling was able to walk led it out with her own progeny, showing no par tiality, as becomes a proper parent. There is a sharo rivalry iust now in Alabama among different guano dealers. One of them, by way of showing the su periority of his guano over any other, says that a farmer recently put a sample of it into his pocket, in which there hap- Eened to be a carpet tack, and started ome on horseback. Before reaching his house his steed broke down, and the farmer was at a loss to discover the cause until he found that the carpet tack had grown to be a long bar of rail way iron. At the recent reunion of the class of 18G8, at Yassar College, the following statistics were presented: Of the 25 members of that class, 1 is dead, 4 are married, 1 is studying law. 2 have en tered upon an advanced course of astro nomical studies in Cambridge, 6 are pur suing an extended course in the lan guages, and 14 are teachers. To the young mothers of the class, four daugh ters have been born, the senior of whom was adopted by the class, and received as a present a massive silver cup. Mr. Barnum is most resneo.tfullv in. formed that the minutest manikin of a baby has been born in Manchester, Vt. It weighed, upon entering this creat world, only 24 ounces ; its face may be covered by an old-fashioned cent, and a lady's finger-ring can be slipped on its arm . It is a little baby and no mistake, and what a contrast it would make to even the smallest giant in Mr. Barnum's menagerie I Yet all things go by com parison, for the Vermont midget would nave Deen a monster in Ijiliput. They have horse flies in Atkans&a. These arrangements are not, as the name might seem to imply, ranked among the sports of the turf, but are winged mon sters, a size smaller than prairie chick ens, with nozzles like well-augers, capa ble of boring clean through an average equine and clinching on 'tother side. At far as heard from, the horses do not seem to like them, but fly as soon as the tormentor appears. This accounts for the name, also for the fact that the far mers are obliged to do their nlouehinir by moonlight, when the insinuating bores are at rest. The Hartford Time tells of a Boston man lately in that city, who ate raw oysters off the shell till the waiter nearly dropped from exhaustion ; then looked at his watch and exclaimed, " By Jove I I've only got ten minutes to get to the cars in, and must break off right, in the middle of a lunch. It's too bad too bad. Just my luck. Can't never get enough to eat outside of Boston." He was only charged the ordinary price ot twenty-hve cents a dozen for nice, large, fat bivalves, and yet his lunch cost Jive dollar and fifty cent. ' He made away with two hundred and sixty-four oys ters, which only served to whet hi an. treinuy or corpulency. petite.