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Thff Canse of Typhoid Fcrer.
Dr. E. M.-flnow, of Providence, R. I., in the Medical and Surgical Reporter, ays : There are f overal disease! preva lent in New England, the cause of wnion are mysterious, and seem thus far to bailie all investigation. Among them are typhoid fever and diphtheria. It is very common, in the voluminous reports of tome " Health Departments," to as cribe these diseases to foul ait from sew ers, and one eminent physician, well known throughout the land, in an elab orate essay, gives the use of ice as the chief cause of diphtheria. A sufficient answer to these theorists is the fact that both typhoid fever and diphtheria prevail tenfold more in the most rural districts of New England, where sewers and the use of ioe are al most unknown, than in cities. We have long been satisfied that the cause of ty phoid fever is of vegetable origin, while the cause 6t typhus or ship fever is un doubtedlv of animal oricrin. A recent report of a local outbreak of typhoid fever, in Islington, England, which we find in the British Medical Journal of November 26, 1870, is ex tremely interesting and valuable in il lustration of this subject. It seems that in July and August,1870, there waa-sr severe outbreak of typhoid fever in the parish of Islington, whioh it was impossible to account for on any theory of local miasm, bad drainage, or poor water supply, as none of these - causes existed there. Besides this most of the cases of fever were in the houses of the wealthy, whioh were free from the commonly reputed causes of this dis ease. Within less than a semicircle of a quarter of a mile radius, 168 cases of ty phoid fever occurred within ten weeks, and thirty persons died. Many causes for the sickness were named, all of which were easily shown to be groundless, until, at last, some one suggested a connection between the dis ease and the distribution of milk from a particular dairy. As the investigation progressed, the evidenoe became entirely convincing that this was the true expla nation of the disease. Oat of 140 fami lies supplied with milk from this dairy, 70 suffered from typhoid fever. The dis ease picked out the customers of this dairy in separate streets and squares, leaving other houses immediately adjoin ing. It attacked females and children, the largest consumers of the milk out of all proportion to male adults, and in sev eral instances the only persons who had the fever in several families were those who used this particular milk. The fact seemed to be established that the milk from this dairy was the cause of the fever, and the next step was to ascer tain how the milk became contaminated. An investigation showed that the wa ter supply at this dairy was from an old underground tank. This water tank was built of wood, and was much de cayed, and in part had fallen away. The probability seemed to be that the mix ture of water from this tank with the milk was the cause of the fever. The owner of the dairy suggested that as the milk cans were washed with this water, possibly enough might remain in them to poison the milk. The case is quite interesting, as afford ing a possible due to the discovery of the causes of this mysterious and fatal disease. A few months since in this city, there were several cases of typhoid fever, the origin of which was mysterious, and tho suggestion was made that it was con nected with the supply of milk. In that case the family from which the milk came had the fever, and some persons thought th spread of the disease was due to contagion. The case we have re lated from England may suggest a pos sible cause for the disease in this city without a resort to the doctrine of per sonal contagion, which the best authori ties do not ascribe to typhoid fever. The Teaching of Animals. Long years before the American a rey's name was heard as a horse tamer, a secret existed as a family heirloom, among a sept of the O'Sulli van's, in the south of Ireland. This family was known as "The Whispers," and they possessed the power of rendering as quiet as a lamb the most stubborn and un manageable horse that ever existed. Whether they did anything more to the horse than breathe into his nostrils, we know not ; but by doing this and by kind soothing, and other ways known to themselves, they effected their pur pose and retained their fame. Putting the question of drugs, or stimulants, or other fascinating means aside, and com ing to the point of pure and adulterated domestioation and teaching, perhaps there was no one person in modem times who achieved so much success in animal teaching as S. Bisset. This man was an humble shoemaker. He was born in Scotland, in 1721, but he afterwards removed to London, where he married a woman who brought him some property; then turning a broker, he accumulated money until the year 1759, when his attention was turned to the training and teaching of animals, birds and fishes. He was led to this new study on reading an account of a remarkable horse show at a fair at St. Germains. Bisset bought a horse and dog, and succeeded beyond his expecta tions in teaching them to perform vari ous feats. He next purchased two mon keys, which he taught to dance and tumble on a rope, and one would hold a candle in one paw, and turn a barrel or- San with the other, while his companion anoed. . He next taught three oats to do many wonderful things to sit before music books, and to squall notes pitohed in different keys. He advertised a "Cat's Opera " in the Hayniarket, and success fully carried out his programme, the eats accurately fulfilling all their parts. Hs pocketed some thousands by these performances. He next taught a leveret and then several species of birds to spell the nam of any person in company.and to distinguish the hour of the day or . night . JSix turkey cocks were next ren dered amenable to a country dance, and after six months' teaching, he trained a turtle to fetch and carry like a dog, and having chalked the floor and blackened its claws, he made it trace out the nam of any given person in the company. Land and WaUr, Mr. Greeley writes from Iowa that he has found the man be has long been looking for he who grows nearly or 2uit on hundred bushels of shelled ndian corn per acre on a large area year after year. His name is Wallace Clark, and h has grown corn for th last five years successively on the same hundred acres on whioh Mr. Greeley found not leu than nine thousand bushels fully rip, whereof enough bad been gathered to determine the average yield. " , - heaf as ft TwU A Western paper tells a Capital story of a deaf gentleman's mistake. . It seems that in the procession that followed good deacon Jones to the grave last summer, the Reverend Mr Sampler, the new clergyman of East Town, found himself in the same carriage with an elderly man whom he had never before met. They rode in grave silence for a few moments, when the clorgyman en deavored to improve the occasion by serious conversation. "This is a eolomn duty in which we are engaged, my friend' he said. " Hey r what do yon say, sirl"' the old man returned. " Can't you speak louder t I'm hard of hoarin. "I was remarking," shouted the clergyman, " that this is a solemn road we are travelling to-day." "Sandy, road I You don't call this 'ere sandy, do ye ? Guess you ain't been down to the South deestrio. Ther's a stretch of road on the old pike that beats all I ever see for hard travellin'. Only a week before Deacon Jones "was tuck sick, I met him drivin his ox-team along there, and the sand was pretty nigh np to the hubs of the wheels. The deacon used to get dretful rifled "bout that piece of road, and East Town does go ahead of all creation for sand." The young clergyman looked blank at the unexpected turn given to his re mark ; but quiokly recovering himself, and raising his voice to its highest pitch, he resumed the conversation. "Our friend has done with all the discomforts of earth," he said, solemnly. " A small spot of ground will soon cover his poor senseless clay." "Did you say clay, sir?" cried the old man, eagerly. " T ain't nigh so good to cover sand with as medder loam. Sez I to Mr. Brewer, last town-meetin' day, If you'd cart on a few dozen loads and there's aores of it on the river bank,' sez I, ' you'd make as pretty a piece of road as there is in Har'ford County.' But we are slow folks in East Town, sir." It was, perhaps, fortunate for the clergyman at that moment that the smell of new-made hay from a neighbor ing field suggested a fresh train of thought. " Look," said he, with a graceful wave of the hand, " what an emblem of the brevity of human life ! ' As the grass of the field bo man flourisheth, and to morrow he is cut down.' " " I don't calculate to cut mine till next week," said his companion. " Yon mustn't cut grass too 'arly ; and then again, you mustn't cut it too late." ' My friend," shrieked the clergyman, in a last desperate attempt to make himself understood, " this is no place for vain conversation. We are approach ing the narrow house appointed for all the living." They were entering the graveyard, but the old man stretched his neck from the carriage window in the opposite direction. " Do you mean Squire Hubbard's over yonder i 'Tis rather narrer. They build all them new-fangled houses that way, now-a-days. To my mind, they ain't nigh so handsome nor so handy as the old-fashioned square ones with a broad entry runnin' clear through to the back door. Well, this is the getting-out-place, ain't it V Much obleeged to ye, parson, for your entertaining remarks.' Matrimonial Snubbing. Some people marry with a foregone conclusion as to the necessity of snub bing on one side or the other, and so, to make sure of being the victim, are care ful to take the initiative and be the exe cutioner. Tbey live in the perpetual ex ercise of the art, and by practice obtain a cunning equal to that which enables a marksman to split a bullet on a pen knife. Sometimes it is the wife who is snubbed out of all chance of the most elementary self-assertion. Sometimes it is the husband, for the good of whose soul the wife undertakes the task of his personal humiliation. Like the venom of certain reptiles, continuous snubbing has a curiously benumbing effect on the moral system, and after a time produces a paralysis of the self-respecting facul ties both odd and painful to witness. Feople unused to snubbing, who go where the art is practiced, are amazed at the quietness with which the patient receives impertinences which thrill them with indignation to hear. They expect some kind of protest, if only of the mod est kind, when the wife, looking across the table, says, in a clear voice, audible to the whole company : "John, you have told that story so often you seem to im agine it true you know it never hap pened ;" or when the husband cuts his wife short in her narration by setting her to rights, altering her dates, rear ranging her facts, paring off her details, and so on, giving you to understand, by the manner of his snub, that she is a fool, and ho is the possessor of superior wisdom, which makes you long to kick him on the spot. But the husband ao cepts the rebuke with the patience of a pachyderm tickled by a straw, and the wife subsides into her assigned position of insignificance and inaccuracy, and both display a sweetness under disci pline, saintly if you will, but surely, to the deep insight, tragic on the one hand, and slavish on tbe other. How a Juke Ended. Some two weeks ago a party of Carrol township boys started home about mid night, going up the pike on horseback. At the Yalley Inn school-house they halted, to have a moment's talk before separating. Whilst there a man rode somewhat hastily down the pike. The boys determined to find out who he was and where be had been. So they called out in sport, " Stop thief 1 Halt 1" The rider, instead of stopping, spurred on ms none, and, arriving at Hamilton s store, started up tbe Brownsville road. One of the boy followed, crying out, "Halt! Stop!" Tbe stranger, finding himself in danger of being overtaken, wheeled his horse into a fence corner. dismounted, and took to the woods. Homewbat dismayed at the serious turn the joke was taking, the unknown was told to come back. No attention was paid to this, however, and the mysterious stranger fled through the woods out of sight Tbe horse was taken back to the Dike, and put in a stable at Yalley Inn. Now comes the queer part of the story. The next morning a man came down tbe pike witn word that a horse had been stolen the night before. He was told about the strange horse, and on going to the stable found the lost ani mal. So the intended joke turned out to be the pursuit of an actual horse-thief. No wonder the rascal was scared when the young men called out, " Stop thief 1" Monongahela Republican. The Nevada gold and silver produc tion averages 1479 annually for every man, woman, and child in the Territory. Taking Things Without Asking. When I was a boy, I was playing .out in the street one winter's day, catching rides on sleighs, and it was great fun. Boys would rather catch rides any day than go out regularly and properly to take a drive. As I was catching on to one sleigh and another, sometimes hav ing a nice time, and ofttimoa getting a cut from a big black whip, I at last fas tened like a barnacle to the sido of a countryman's cutter. An old gentleman sat alone on tho seat, and he looked at mo rathor benign antly, as I thought, and neither said any thing to me nor swung his old whip over me ; so I ventured to climb upon the side of his cutter. Another benign ant look from the countryman, but not a word. Emboldened by his supposed goodness, I ventured to tumble into the cutter and take a seat under his warm buffalo robe beside him, and he then spoke. The colloquy was as follows: " Young man, do you like to ride '(" "Yes." " Do you own a cutter, young man ?" ."No, sir." " It's a pretty nice cutter, isn't it ?" " Yes, sir, it is, and a nice horse draw ing it 1" " Did I ask you to get in 'i" " No, sir." " Well, then, why did you got in ?" " We'l, sir, I I thought you looked good and kind, and that you would have no objection." "And so, young man, because you thought I was good and kind, you took advantage of that kindness, and took a favor without asking for it f " Yes, sir." " Is the ride worth having 1"' " Yes, sir." " Well, now, young man, I want to tell you two things. You should never take a mean advantage of the kindness of others ; and what is worth having, is worth at least asking for. Now as you tumbled into this sleigh without asking me, I shall tumble you out into that snow-drift without asking you." And out I went, like a shot off a shovel, and he didn't make much fuss about it either. I picked myself up in a slightly bewildered state, but I never forgot that lesson. Marble Quarrjlii"; In Italy. Nearly one-third of the entire mining and quarrying production of Italy is de rived from its renowned marble quairies, of which those at Carrara, Massa, and Seravezza are most celebrated. Tbe two latter have only been worked since about thirty years, while Carrara furnished its snowy rockB to the Roman artists in the days of Cicsar and his successors. Of the six million francs now paid each year for Italian marble nearly one-half is drawn from the United States. We have therefore an interest in the econo mical management of tbe quarries, and should see that our money does not go towards sustaining old fashioned indo lence. Such is, however, the case. A cubic meter of ordinary Carrara marble, whose value at the quarry is about 100 lira (a lire nearly nineteen cents) costs more than double that sum when de livered on board ship no more than a mile or two from where it was cut The extra amount is absorbed by antedilu vian tolls and means of transportation. A railroad is much desired, and would greatly reduce expenses, but there is too little native enterprise to warrant a speedy realization of this wish. Al though 685 separate quarries have been established in Carrara alone, there does not appear to be any competiton amongst their managers or proprietors. The dolce far niente system appears to suit them far better than the iudnstry of en terprise. Tbe consequence is that they have nearly lost tho entire trade of Northern Europe, which has been sained by tbe active and energetic people of iielgium, whose marbles, though not as perfect, are only second to those of Italy, in Europe. Men's Rights. Burleigh tells this story iu the Boston Journal : Coming up in the cars quite an amus ing incident occurred. Tbe palace cars need custom. The common cars are tow and crowded, and those who would be comfortable are compelled to pay extra and have a seat in the palace saloon. Several, gentlemen stood. A lady took a whole seat to herself, and piled up hor baggage on the spot where weary gen tlemen would be glad to repose. The lady left her scat for a moment and went to the rear. A gentleman at once went for it piled the bags on the seat the lady occupied and sat down. All watch ed the operation. Soon the lady came on with a quick step. She came to a halt and said, "Sir, you have my seat." "I think not; your luggage is on your salt." " I have had the seat all the way from Albany." " Yes ma'am, and I have stood all the way from Albany, and in tend to ride the rest of the way to Rut land." Not an inch did the woman budge ; she held her ground full ten minutes. The intruder was quietly reading the only one in the car that was not absorbed iu the affair. The si lence was painful. At lust the woman gave way. In a huff she seized her bun dles, made for the palace car, and paid for all the room she occupied. Her exit was attended with a short, sharp cheer, and the audience recovered. Landed Properly. A curious illustration or two of the value which may attach to landed pro perty, apart from its worth for agricul tural, mineral, or business purposes, ap pear in our late English files. There is an estate called Downham, in the great sporting county of Norfolk, famous for partridge and uhensant shooting. This was sold last year by the Duchess of Cleveland, and alter a very smart com petition was knocked down for 405,000 to a gentleman named Mackenzie, of colossal fortune. ine laud is so poor that it scarcely, for agricultural pur poses, realizes $5,000 a year, but no soon er had Mr. Mackenzie purchased it than a gentleman offered to lease the shooting at $10,000 a year, and a few months ago the Earl of Dudley offered Mr, Macken zie $500,000 for the property. More re cently Lord Dunmore has received $600, 000 for a barren Scotch island, a sort of Ultima Thule. Probably fifty years hence the same sort of thing will be go ing on here, and then happy will be the fortunate owntrs of islands. A newly-invented fly-paper in TituB villa, Pa., is covered with nitro-glycerine, glue and molasses. The flies, attracted by the molasses, alight, and are stuck fast by the glue. Should any get away, they proceed to rub their legs together in ecstasy, when the friction of their own shins causes the nitro-glycerine ad hering to their feet and limbs to ex plode, blowing them to atoms. FARM ASD HOUSEHOLD. TheI1)T!AtjPaiimer'. TIib New York' Eoening Post describes the ideal fanner in the following terms : . ' First of all, he should be h lmUhy, honest, scrupulous man a man whom his neighbors will trust, and in whorn all with whom he deals will ploCe implicit confidence Such a character, coupled with robust and hearty good health, would bo the best half ot a young farm er's stock in trade. Then, again, he should be thoroughly versed iu the do tails of farming as an art When and how to plow, to sow, to hoe, harvest to garner, and to sell j how to keep his land improving in richness and in tilth ; how to buy, how to breed, how to grow and how to sell his live stock ; how to drain land, build fences, lay out in fields, ar range and construct farm buildings, make roads, and manage all kinds of farm machinery ; how to manage the dairy, from the setting of the milk to the marketing of the produce. All this and much more should be learned not parrot-fashion, but so that the knowl edge will become intimate as an instinct and be always ready in any emergency. Underlying all this should be a knowl edge of the soience of agriculture the "reason why" of all this work, so far, at least as the present state of agricultural knowledge makes possible ; vegetable physiology, that is the construction of plants and the manner in which they form their growth and perpetuate their species ; vegetable chemistry, or the composition of tho same parts of various parte of plants, and the different stages of growth ; vegetable nutrition, or the source from which the plant obtains its food, and the manner in which the food is assimilated ; the chemistry and me chanics of the Boil ; the manner in which it is influenced by growing and by de caying vegetation, by the action of frost, of water, of air, and of the various chem ical agents ; why wet land should be drained, and why dry land irrigated or frequently stirred. Look to Your Whitewashing. Good whitewashing, well applied to fences, rough siding, and the walls and ceilings of buildings, has a highly sani tary influence, as well as being in the highest degree preservative in its ef fects. To be durable, whitewash should be prepared in the following manner : Take the very best stone lime, and slake it in a close tub, covered with a cloth to preserve the steam. Salt, as much as can be dissolved in the water used for slak ing and reducing the lime, should be ap plied, and the whole mass carefully strained and thickened with a small quantity of sand, the purer and finer the better. A few pounds of wheat flour mixed as a paste may be added and will give greater durability to the mass, es pecially when applied to tho exterior surface of buildings. With pure lime, properly slaked and mixed with twice its weight of fine sand and sifted wood ashes, in equal proportions, almost any color may be made by the addition of pigments. Granite, slute, freestone and other shades may be imitated, and with out any detriment to the durability of the wush. This covering is very often applied, and with good effect, to the un derpinning, stono fences, roofs, and the walls of barns und out-buildings. Prob ably the pure whitewash is more healthy than the colored, as its alkalescent pro perties are superior, and when in cellars, kitchens and sleeping apurtinents, pro duces salutary results. No person who regards the health of his family should neglect to apply a coat of it every spring. County places, espe cially farm out-houses, fences, etc., are greatly improved in appearance by an annual coat of good whitewash, and will add to their permanency much more than many would imagine. It is cheap and easily applied, so that neither expense nor labor can be pleaded against it. Germuntuion Telegraph. Sundry Hints for Fruit Growers. To prevent the dropping off of grapes make a circular incision in the wood, cutting away a ring of bark about the breadth of the twelfth of an inch. The wood acquires greater size about the in cision, and the operation accelerates the maturity of the wood, and that of the fruit likewise. The incision should not be made too deep, nor further than the bark, or it will spoil both the wood and the fruit. To protect grapes from wasps plant near the grapes some yew trees, and the wasps will so far prefer the yew tree berries as wholly to neglect the grapes. To preserve plants from frost before tho plant has been exposed to the snn, or thawed, after a night's frost, sprinkle it well with spring water, in which sal ammoniac or common salt has been dis solved. To destroy moss on trees remove it with a hard scrubbing brush in Febru ary and March, and wash the tree with cow dung, urine, and soap suds. To prevent the blight or mildew from injuring orchards rub tar woll into the bark of the apple tree, about four or bix inches wide, round each tree, and about one foot from the ground. This effec tually prevents blight, and abundant crops are the consequence. Celery. A cerrespondent writes : We could nover account for the fact that so few farmers and villigers under take to raise this excellent esculent. It is easily raised, easily kept though the winter, affords an excellent relish for meats and flavoring soups, and is very wholesome. The seed should be sown now in rows on rich soil. Keep clear of weeds, and when the plants get four leaves shear them off to induce stocky growth ; and as they grow up again, they may have a second shearing, which gives them a better supply of roots, and enables them to stand transplanting bet ter. In June or July transplant to a rich bed in rows three feet ap irt, plant Bix or eight inches apart iu ilm ios. Tho earth is to ba pressed lirui', about the roots with the foot In Washington, Pennsylvania, Viiijj resided a patriarchal darkey, know u u " Old Uncle Ben," and great was the grief among the darkies when he died. All of them, old and young, turned out to the funeral. Before tue procession was formed, and before closing the lid of the coma, it was carried out in front of tbe cabin door, so that his friends could file past and take a last look at Uncle Ben's reverent features. The master of ceremonies became impatient at their slowness, and, strutting along the street in front of the house, called out, in auctioneer-like tones: " If any mo' of you ladies and gemmen want to take a look at Unole Ben, note's yer last chance; jea' walk right up, quick, for we s jes gwine to tcreio him vp ! Red Wing, Minn., is tbe champion fever-ana-ague town in the West Two hundred cases in two weeks. A ecntleman who has traversod 'ex tensively every Southern State east of the Mississippi, inform the New Orlnnn Piatjptne that this is one of tho wornt years for cotton he has ever known. In some placed it is ho stunted that one must get down on his knees to pick it. The crop along the Alabama river and he has seen, the country on both sides he pronounces miserably poor ; and b's general conclusion is that even ' had thore been no floods, no worms, nor de vastating storms this season, tho cotton would still fall very far below the aver age yield. lie estimates the coming crop at about two and a quarter million bales. -' t" !. ) A man, wifo, and seven children walk ed twenty-llvo miles to viait a circus, in Kansas. LITERARY NOTICES. Outer Optic's Maoazine for Ootober Is especially rich In Its continued stories by Oliver Optic, Elijah Kellogg, and Bophlo May ; it has another chapter of the capital sketch " Vacation in Fctrolin; " also, one of Genev ieve's popular " Proverb Poems," a poem by Mary N. Prescott, " Pigeon Hole Papers" on various topics. Uend Work. Letter Bne, an ori ginal "Nutting Song," and stories, Items, In struction, nnd entertainment in great variety. This number is admirable in all respects, and seems to us, like every other number, better than all that have preceded It. Published monthly by Lee fc Buepnrd, 149 Washington St., Boston at (2.50 a year. Arthur's Lady's Home Magazine for October, presents its usual attractive fea tures, in tbe way of fashion plates, etc., all of which are lully described. Its stories and other literary contents are by larorito authors, and comprise a very interesting tauie oi contents. $2 a year. T. 8. Arthur & Sons, Philadelphia. The Children's Hour The pet of the Juveniles is bright and sparkling, both with letter press and engravings. $1.75 a year. T. 8. Arthur & Sons, Philadelphia. New York markets. noun ivn Mrat Tho market was nenin very active, nnil prices showed a further nrtvuiioe at the cIobo of 16 a V Mil., with some excitement. Tho common iiml medium brands were very scarce, mid shippers have In-en compelled to set .millers at win k upon orders. Kve Hour was more active, hut In coi n meiiltluuc was less diilug-. We quote: Stipei tine anil Western, tn.3H a (H.ta; extra Mute; c, 17 a 17.26; Western Spi iuif wheat extras, tB Wn $7.15i do. don. hie extras, ;.40u 25 s do. winter wheat extras and douhle extras, 7 50 a ts.oO; Southern baker's and finnilv brands. t.7o a sio: southern snipping ex- tins. 7.40 a S7.57. lt.ve Hour, H 00 a S5.-10. Corn meal, Western, c, tJ.75afl.10i Urumlywtnc, die, $1.10 a $4.20. PitovisioKS Pork but moderatoljr netlvfl and somewhat lrrecnlar : Bales at SI3.50 n Sia.tttW for mess, nnd $10.70 a $11 for pilme tucms. Jleef In good demand for new, ami firm ; new mess, $14 a $17 ; prime mess, l-M a r-2; ami nulla mess. r:ni:;i. uocf hums. $22 a $25 fur new. Jtaeon quiet but firm. 8 a vo. Cut meats quiet ; new pickled hams sold at closed firm: sales at 94 a t)',o. for city No. 1 to 12c. Iirtl a sliuilu eueior, out wnu inure uoiug. prime, 9; a SV'.for JiasteniNn. 1 to prime,!)? aioo. lorprime Western steam, and lohje. for kettle-rendered oil the spot Dressed hogs lower at ul a 7 o. Butler dull; pulls, 32 11 37c; Klate, 20 a 32c ; West era, 12 a 2;to. cheese dull : dairies, Sit 12c. ; factories 11 U 13jC. Grain Wheat 2 a 4e. higher, with a good demand for exiiort and limited supplies; sales at $1.43 for soft sprinir, $1.65 a $1.57 for u. 2 chtcuiro and Mil waukee. ii.fii a $1.70 for red and umber western. anil $1'72 a $l.t2 fur white, tho latter fur choice Iiiehl; also retiortcd larire sales to arrive, Including No. 1 Milwaukee at $1.5s. Itve llrmer; Western sold ot 020. for a boat load. Hurley dull ; inferior Western sold at hoc. ; prime firm ut 9oc. Oats more octivo und a shade firmer; sales at 50 a 52c. for mixed, in eluding No. 2 Chicago at 51 8 51 c, aud white ut 62 a 54HjC., on llie irtlCK una auoai corn very acuve for export ami speculation ; sales nt 731 a 44r. fur Western mixed ill stole, end 76 75Hc, ulloat, und 75 lb 70 tor yellow In storo and ulloat. COTTON Was firm, wit h rather more doinir. Bi id-, riling uplands, ltfc, and low do. wo. .For futmo delivery there was lessdolng, hut a very firm mar ket; sales at lOHe. for October nnd Is ovemlier, 19 3-lnr. for Docember, lHo. for .luiiuoi y, vn. for February! lnl4. tor March, aud 20 ". lor April, on the basis of low middling. GUOCER1KS Tho whole market has been nuiet.cx cept for cotfee, which has been iu good tlumuud and very arm ; Klu 15 a lsc, nnd Java 21 a 23c, gold.iiuty paid. ltk'O soM at 81 auc. forduuiestlr,anii;a 7hiC tor foreign. Molasses very quiet. Mugursvcryriull at u1, a OHjO. for fair to goisl refining j rellned lower; soft wliile, 12 a 12?ac. ; huru 12 a 13c. HinsDHiES Rosln'finn ; strained in good ilemnnd at $3.o a $3.75. Hpirlts turpentine active and tinn er, with sales at 65 a'07He. Vcti-oleum sold at 24c. for rctlncd, eurlv delivery. Tallow firm at a Otto, for prime. Whiskey firmer at $1 a $1.01. Freights moderately active: gruln to Jlverissd 10 ft 10jri. by sail, for corn ami wheat, uud Ul a lie by stuuin. J.1VR STOCK MAllKRT Beeves were extremely dull ut 9 ll 11c. V ID for commonest to best native steers, and 6 a Sc. for pmircst to best Texas and Cherokee cattle. Fleshy steers of fair quality were considered well soul ut 10c. 16, to dress 57 Its. to the gross cwt. Nlici-p unit lambs hail a alow sale at 4't no Sc. v lb for issir to extra sheen, and a 8c. IB for com mon to prime lambs. The bulk of the sheep going ut 5 '4 a 6l?c . und of the lambs ut 7 a 7c. The market for hogs wus more settled and steady at 04 a7c. V lb for dressed, aud4It a 6Hc alive. To avert evil is one of the grandest triumphs of human skill. This triumph is achieved by Db. Walker's Vegeta ble Vinegar Bitters. They build up, fortify and renovate the feeble system, thus enabling it to defy the elemental causes of disease. Hence their efficacy as a protective medicine, in districts where the air and water are impure. Tbe weakest and most susceptible organ ization is rendered proof against all malarious disorders by taking one or two doses daily as a preventive. Many valuable horses die from the effects of colic. The best thing to do in a case of this, is to pour a bottle of Johmon's AnoJmie Liniinint into a long necked junk bottle, add half a pint of molasses and water, then pour the whole down the horse's throat. In ten min utes the horse will begin to cat. Parnou't Purgative Pills will greatly re'.ieve, if not entirely cure, dyspepsia, when everything else fails. They have been tried in some desperate cases, and have given more relief than any other nieuicine. After using one box of J. Monroe Taylor's Crem Yeast Baking Powder, you will say with us, " the half has never been told. Railroad Bonds. Whether you wish to buy or sell, write to Charles W. Hassler, No. 7 Wall St., New York. Omaha Legal Lottery. Tn aid of a Public Library at Omaha, Nebraska. At a meeting of citizens of Omaha, held Sept. 19, it was voted to make the Draw ing on (Jet. 31 positively. There are $100,000 in Cash Prizes. Tickets $2 each, or three for $5. A vote of thanks was tendered Messrs. J. Lyford & 1 Co., Hnsines8 Managers, at (Jniabaeuraska TO CONSUMPTIVES. 1 he advertiser, liaviug been- jieriuaiiontly cured of that dread disease. Consumption, by a simple remedy, Is anxious to make known to lit fellow auffercra the moans of euro To alt who desire it, he will send a copy of the proscription used, (iroeof charge), with tho ilirn-ifmis for vreparing and using the auiue, which titer will Inn a ai'US Cl'k VOH COKSl'Mf HON, AtlllUA, UttOHClUTlS, Ac, ur. Uua wisldug the prescrintluu will please addiesi WVuwiHrii WI1MN. . 104 feoulii fcwjcouil bt., Wlluuiusbursh, N, V. ADVERTISEMENTS. A LL Merchants, Clerks, and Young Mob should X have "Book Keeping made Kasy." Euolime 60 cts to H. U0ULD1.NU BttVAMT, liuaalu,M. V 1r A NTMll parMea who have a Terr small ean. M : ital, oreau give security, and are desirous of making nioucy iu a light, .honorable, pleasant busi bess at home, or to navel. Address M, M. TIL- TON, Pittsburgh, Vm. ' L3 0METHINO NEVF-THE LITTLK FAVOR. O lte. A luusio-box, ploying two tnnua, will be sent to any address, during the next M0 days, for 05 cents. Kverv bui warranted. Our object is to Intro duce theiu throuchout the I' nit ed Htutes. Address U. W. JtiWKLlj CO., Mudhtou, Indiana. i TRY THE TRIAL TRIP1 I . . .TAICH TJIli GREAT ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY: i (NEW YnT.Ii CITV, ANO FOC IIF.STliR, N. V.) THE THIRTEEN NUMBEnS of the Ounrter from Oct. 1,1871, to Jan. 1, 1872, will be sent, On Trial, for Only FIFTY CENTSt Try the TRIAL TRIP I W It' RFRMs ' THE RURAL MEW-YORKER will he tont from Oct. 1,1871, to Jan. 1, 1 873, FIFTEEN MONTHS (GSKos.)-for S3; or two copies (to different port emces, If desired,) the samo time, for t5, which is giving TWENTY -SIX NUMBERS FliKH J TO Moore's Rural New-Yorker, The Great National Mllustrattd Weekly, is the Standaud Autiiomtv on Agriculture, Horticul ture, Etc., and a favorite Literary and Family Paper all over tho Continent. It is Ably Edited, Finely Illustrated, and by far tho Lnrsrut, llent nnd Chcnpeat Journal of Hi Clast in the World t For over Twenty Years It has been tho most Pop ular Weekly in its Sphere, but its Contents, Style and Jleiluerit Price for 1871 will render it still more acceptable. Only g'J.ftO a Vcar) X In Clubs. Great Premiums to Club Agents. Speci mens, &c, sent free, firaftt. P. O. Money Ordert and Regittcred Leltert at ur rut. Address D. D. T. MOORE, New York City. CUNDURANGO! THE WONDERFUL REMEDY FOR CAXCKR, SYPHILIS, KCROFUt.A. VIj- IMIS SALT KHKl .lI mill AI,L.urill!,ll Dr. P. T. KEENE 1 in vine lust retnmel from Eoiimlor and brniiKht with him ft quantity of the 0itteOCunrinrniiKO Uark, secured through t'to uiiu'ihi rutMiiuineiiuHiioD mm HHHiHinorw m tiio r.x fi'Hpnr.v. tliA lriMilitir. nf Kp.unilnr nml tlin fliWMi-n. merit ot thnt Republic, we am prepared to till orders for it, to a limited extent, ami ut u price about oiie qimrtorof tlmt which the cunt of tho HiHt very urn till supply compelled ti to charge. A spurioiia article 1m how advertised mid md an uuimiirtiuKUs wo nave, ut ronsitieramo exiODnl and with the co-operation of the authorities of Joju, Ecuador, the nrovinco wheru tho nlant irrowa. an directed the channel of our supply an to injure that none but the genuine article hIiiiII bo Hold by iih, ami we pnrncuuuy am ine aiiomion oi mo puunc, for their protection, to this fart. CO Cedar St., Mew York. RLTSa, M. D.( .New York; J. T. KEENE, M. D., 13. V. fll. 1.. WHMIlinirTliD. I). KJ.l A. Ji. iN6W XOI'K. BOOK AGENTS WANTED, For two new and ixipulrtr works. KNOTS UNTIED; Or, Tub IIiuden J,u k of Ameuk an DETicrnvKs. It diwhiHt'H the whole Detective Mystcm. Twenty thousand cnplea aold In thirty daya. A WOMAN'S PILGRIMAGE To tub Hot.V I.AND, by Ma. R. M. Grinwold. Thin work given her expciiencea during a tour through r.uropo ana ino jmiht, m company wiin " Aianc Twain " and the " Unaker I'ltv" nartv. We offer ex- tr terms and premiums tn airenit. Semi for circu. larn. J. It. ItUKK, HYDE & CO., Chicago, 111., ami Hartford, Conn. HERE IT IS. AgentH wanted to sell Dickm-n's patent and novel Cork-ticrew. RighU for Halo. WALTER DICK80N, Albany, N. Y. WANTED AGENTS EVERYWHERE, MALE and female ; $0 per week permanently. Ad dresa J. HEN itY 6 Y AtON IS, u,4 Liberty aquuiv, Huston. if Ci TOP. AG ENTrt." Don't work forfeoouer IO riiiv. ww wnn nut, von von run mnkt fcui on PER DAY KURK, aeliinir our ftood. BmiineHH Hglit nnd honorable. Ro flfi enterprise, no hum. bug. 30,000 aold in one week. AddreH Pittsburg, Pa. H 1 1 R I I Oro Pncknge of PitOF. I.KOS' Maoic VWIILU i comm;NP will iiiHttti.tlv Curl tho itrnighteBthftirof either aex (without injury). Into wavy ringletH, or heavy niftHHlW Curl, in every caae, or money refunded. Price 2f cl. per package, iMiHi pain, or 3 ior ou cenia. Auuraa tn. JiULiiituun, Uxbiidge, Man. $6 A LINK fur an ADVERTISEMENT in 830 Weekly Newspapers circulating In nil the Nnrthcn. Rtatea of tho Union. Rest ami cheapest medium of iu kind In the world. Estimates acnt tut Application to J-;. H. rustfcK, 41 I'aVK Kow, IN. 1. IRON AND STEEL FORCASH. Bar Iron, Hoop Iron. andiron, Horse Shqe Iron, Horse Shoes, . Horse Nails, Spring Steel, Bessemer Steel Tire, TUE "TIKE OF TIRES." Oiilirly ninll promptly pxecntril. AI.LG00D8 WAKIUM't.!). Sum! Caali witn onlcm; cuivt cuuugu reiuruuu. Jackson & Chace, 200 ami 2M Frnnklin-st., nuar l'ii'l N. It., N.V Permanent Cura fur I Roller guaranteed In five minutes by'lnhats I nml. Has highest testimonials from the medical ay.- prepnin. on receipt nrprlee. .K.,M Jin n AK!"AH CO.,2Ut Broadway. V. Y. Sold by all Dniaijiala. p. o. )li ikij I ' ' rco j ner uov Kent by mail, liusl Whitney's Keats Foot Harness Simp. (STEAM HK KINK II. I Tt Oils, Mucks, Polishes and Soaps t the same time. For aule by har ness Makera, Orooera nml Druggists everywnoro. Manuraciiirmi iy 0. i'. WIUTN EY ot CO., Lexington, Mass. Try snmnles of our great page, 61.00, illustrated weekly :0 yis. es tisbliHiicit. Fine steel eiitfiiiviugs free to subscribers. Auents make W.I a dav. bend for The Haturduy liaxeite, llailuwell, Mo. REDUCTION OF PRICES TO CONFORM TO REDUCTION OP DUTIES. GREAT SAVING TO CONSUMERS EY OET- - , . : TINO UP CLUBtt. rr Send tor our sew Prloe List and a Clnv form will ac4!omuajiv tt. coutainiug full directions mak ing a large savins; to committors And reniuuerauvs to ciuu oi'Kaniaors. THE , GREAT AMERICAN TEA CO.. 81 dc S:i VEsKY STRKET. New Yora' t, O. Bos - - RUPTURE. Relieved and. cored by Dr. Hherman'i Patent A ppll. auce aud oomuound. Ollioe btfl Broadwar. N. Y. eiend loo. for book with photographic llkenoasea of ease before and after our, with lieury Ward Beecher's caae, letters and portrait. Beware of travelling Impostors, who pretend to nave been aa sisuuiu ui ull. eiiftuMAi,. dLneev 1tr flpatAlaAa Vl.nn. 3yU agent. AddrttM U. 8 Bent on trial. PIANO VO., 533 Broadway, M. Y. i. Wm.Mfll, rroirltor. II. II. Airn),i.n A Co , Drtirt'im Gen. A.At". Win fcmiici". M Commi-K. Mrrt. N. V. MILLIONS llcnr TrMlmnny to their Wnnricrfhl CnfnilTS Ellens. They aro not a ilo Fnney Drink, Made of Poor Rnm, Wlilaker, l'roof Hplrlta nnd Itefuao , Liquor doctored, aplccd and aweetennltoplcaM tho tmte, called "Tonloa," "Appotlicra," "Iletororii,"ic., Mint lead the tlpplor on to drunkennewand ruin, tint ara a trno Mcdicine.niade from the Kntire Hoots and Herbt of California, free from nil Alcohallo Htlmn Innta. They ore the WHEAT HI,KH l'UlM, FIF.lt nd A LIFE UIVINO PRINCIPLE, a perfect Ilonontor and InvlRorntor ot the Byitero, carry InR oft all polnonoua matter and rostorlna- thelilood to a healthy condition. No peraon can take theno Bit ters according to directions and remain Ion unwell, " provided their bones aro not dostroj-ed by mineral poliion or other moans, and the ltnl orenns wanted beyond tho point of repair. Tlicy nrc n Gentle, Pnrantlvc na well na a Tonic, Kisoatiii!f. nliio, the peculiar merit of nctliiR as a powerful nircnt In relicvlnu Contention or Inflam mation of the I.lver, nnd all tho Vlncernl Ornnns. FOR FEMALE COMPLAINTS, Inyonimor old. mnrl lcrt orslintle. nt the dawn of woinnnhood ornt Ihe turn of life. Uicfc Tonic Ditters havo no equal. For Inllniiimntory nnil Clironlc Ulicnmn IIniii nml CJont. Hyapopsla or IiidluoMlon, liilioiiM, Itomlltent nnil Intermlitrut Fe vers, IMwnsoa of Ilm lllooil, Ltvor, Kid neys nml III n ild it, those Hitters have been mint successful. Hueli lllsensrs ore caused by V Milled Illood, which is item-rally proiluc. il by derangement of the Dlneatlvo Orirnna. nVSPEI'SIA Oil INIM!F.MTION, Head ache. Tain In the Shoulders, Uoiieli, Tlahtnens of the Uhost, Dlstlness, Sour F.rnctatloin of the Mnmaeh. Dad Taste in the Mouth, unions Atliu-L". I'nlplinlloii ol the Heart, Inflammation of the l.unir . I'mn Inthere ffloniorthe Kidneys, ivncl n hunJrcii jther painful symp toms, are the oflsprl nits ef Dyspeiwia. They Invigorate the Stomach and itlniulate the torpid Liver and Bowels, which reinter them of unciimlK-.l efllcacy in clpamlnf the blond of all Impurities, ai i . parting new life and vijfor to the whole system. FOR KKIN DISEASF.S, Eruptions, Tetter, Full Rheum, Dlotchefl, Sprits, Pimples, Pustriles, Iloils, Car buncles, Klnir-Worins, Scald Head, Sore Bye", Kryslpe las. Itch, Scurfs, UinroliimtloiiK of the Skin, (lumorn and Diseases of the Skin, of whatevr name or uature. am literallv dug up ami carried out of the system in a short time by the use ol these Hitters. One bottle hi such cases will couviuco the mot incredulous of their cura tivucOccti!. Cleanse the Vitiated Illood whenever ynu find its lin purities burstinir through the skin In Pimples. Kru;i tlons or Sores ; cleanse it when you find it obstructed and slufffrish in tho voins : cleanse It when it is fuul, and your feelings will tell you when. Keep tho blood pure, and the health of the svstem will follow. I'ln, Tnpc, mid oilier Worms, lurking In the system of so many thousands, arc effectually destroyed and removed. Says a distinguished physiologist, there is scarcely an individual upon the face of tbe earth whose body is exi'inpt from the presence of worms. It is not upon the healthy elements of the body that worms exist, but upon the dlieased humors and slimy deposits that breed these living monsters of disease. No System of Medicine, no vermifuges, no anthelmintics will frco tho system from worms like these miters. J. WALKER, Proprietor. It. II. McDOXALD & CO, Druggists and Gen. A&ents. Sa-n Francisco. California. ana jx ana 34 commerce Mreet, new lorn. ESrSOM) BY ALL DHUUCIISTS AND DEALERS. Xullio Notice. The Managers of tho Real Estate Distribution of Memphis for 1871, have definitely settled upon .Tuesday, October the 3 1 st for the drawing of the renny valuable prizes, rnnK ins from sttill lo SfMO.OIIO. The furtuuatu holiior of tho ticket to win tliochief piizo, TUB NEW lUK.MFIU THEATRE, valued nt 30,009 anil renting for 5,r.0 per nnnum, will leulize a competency for life On nn Investment of 83. nyAKPiita are lDHtrnrteil to lU'liot-lt the nioni'T received for tirkuiK In any solvent bunk in their lo. cultty until after the ili-awlnK. iNuue uui i ckcl uiiHicra cuu nave any voice in so. lectin CumnilsNiouers to aiipeiintenil the ilrawliifr. All tickets unsold at 1 lie time of itrawinit w ill bo Burreiidcreil ami their correHiHiniliint numbers nut uuiiwim any reiircHcuiuiliin iu Ulc Ultiiriuuiliill, limit Kiiartinteeing that none but ticket holders cuu iliuw uuv of the prizes. Tho Heal Kbtuto will be conveynl to tho winnma In feu Biuiplc, free from ull eucunibuiui-cs unit etiurses. Total amount nt property to be drawn for on the SlHtof October, 1TI, Is fettl 0l. Tickets & each. I'urtlcH ilctil'ous of investing a le.s amount ran form clubs of Uve, pnyinjt one di'linr each. For cir. cnlars, tickets, or any liiloi'mallou, atldi-eNs bvlet tor or apply in periou to i"Ar-isiMUri,K Ki t r ji Agents and MausKeis, 44 Adau a-st., Memphis, Tellll. ! Jill Fllllou-Ht , New York City; 804 Kucest., Philadelphia, I'll.. orJJ.C. Campbell, Tw-eiiitle Hall MilHio8tore, AlUuny.N. Y.: Heiscliel Feuion.at his Miisio Store, Laiiitd building, Syracuse, H. Y.i Fred. W. Carl. Jiismance and Heal Ksiuto Acul. cor. Mailt ami Lafuyeue-sts , lliiftulo, N. Y. ro JlcHpnnMDio Agents wiinieil. tfF We. wish it niMincllv understood that tho drawing will take place regardless of the number of tickets aold, on the Hint of (it toher, and tliur the sale ot tickets w ill positively clone in foieijtu ofllcua ou tho Suili ol October. i'tissiiinre k Itiimn, Agents aud Mauagerii, We tho underHiuneil. citizens of Memphis, take pleasure iu stating that vvu aro potentially ac quainted with Mosnrs. fA.SK.MOKK KUFFIN, the malingers nf the Memphis Hf.ai. Kktaik Ins thiiiution which is to take place on tho Hist of Oc. loner, is.l, unn mi piessuio lecuminenn tueia us geuticmeu of probitc and rapacity, in hose repie sentiitione our people van place implicit conndeuce. John Joiinhi.n, Mayor oi Memphis ; W, M. Kan lurLl'H. C ity Attorney ; Fki.ix W. .oiiK.itTBON, City Tax Collector; J JJ. Ull'IIAHIls, City rteglster I.kon Th(ii;hiiai.b, Hecretury Chamber of Commerce of Mtmpllis: K. A. CoLK, Clerk unit Muster ill C'hnnreiys W. M. Mcl.KAN, State and County Tar Collector; 1. 1. HovLK, clerk eecouit Circuit Coint; a. WomiWAKii, County Trusteo; J. J. Ml'lll'lir, I'lesiilent. Memphis Hunk. I inn aciiiiiiuted wl h tho reputation nf the above mimed got tleuien, Messrs. FAsbMUHK A Rt'F fin, ami conHiilerthem aboveieprosch. J.C.Bi.Ki'it LkV, Cluiiuiiaii County Court. The abovo special endorsements added to t hut of our business men and eltiy.eus generally, with tho proaa, is respect fully siibmiiti'il to ourputi'una. MfcUrniri, Tuuu. Passmore & Ruflin. t?l. PER CKNT. INTKNEMT, FKUK OP O UOVUUNM&NT TAX. MARKET SAVINGS , BANK, 8! NAK8AU-BT., NEW YORK. Opon dally from 10 A. M. to 3 r. at., and on MON DAYS and THURSDAYS from 5 to 7 P. M. Interest commences on the first day of euck month. WM. VAN NAMK, President. HENRY R. CONJiLIN, secretary. FARMERS' PAINT. WE are row nmnufnctnrlnsr ft snporior paint a one half the pi it:o ol or.finary pal til a. It la brown, but llio hIiuiIu tan bo varied ty the ad (lit Ion of dry paint. It la mixed ready for uae. and la wild fenc a, deiwita, bridge, frritclit cura, boilrf smoke, a tack a. metal rooft. Ac. We uIho manufactm-e our canon, it i Mutable lor houaea. barn a. celebrated Jitariy Jtoojing. for covering roofa of alt fietstrlptioua. For pi it Hat, amplea, Ac, addreaa the KKAUY KOOFXNU CO., 64 CouHluud Ht..N.Y. BUSINESS ! ANY PARTY HAVING A GOOD ARTICLE of universal domsud. which can be " shoved " by advertising, may Und a pui chaser by address ing, stating fuil particulars, BUislNJCSS, Box 8M, Middletowu. Orange County, N. Y. THEA-NECTAR IS A PURE BLACK TEA with the Srsen Tea Flavor. War. ranted to suit all Ustes. W sals everywhere. And for sale wnoieaaie only ny ine uri Atlantic A. Pncillc Teats., H Church SL, New York. P. O. Box 9300. eieni or fktt Hector Circular. MUNN A CO., Pnbllahera Hcien tuie American, 7 Park llow.N.Y., obtain patents everywhere. 2s years experieuo. Everything ronllitentlaX. Inventora. bend tor patent lawt and Uulde to cuutta IfOU liOHBhS, CCkka u Sweeny, Ringbone, Spavin, . aad all Diseases ol Horae Flesh. Jight O'clock r Oct 7-1