Newspaper Page Text
The Production of Coffee.
The recent extraordinary rise in the price of Coffee has produced much dis cussion in commercial circles. The price of good Kio in cargo, : for instance, has within a few weeks advanced from 11 J cents to nearly 17 cents per pound, gold. Other descriptions of coffue have risen nearly as much. A glance at the history of the ooffee trado and at the influences which have brought about the recent changes in price will be interesting at this time, when this suddon and groat advance in price, indicating a scarcity of coffee, is followed by to-day's nows from Brazil, the ohief producing oountry, that the legislature has passed the bill for emancipating the slaves. The abolition of slavery in the British West Indies contributed, among other circumstances, to disturb the regular production of coffee. Boon after, in 1837, the West Indies, not including Ilayti, produced 49,000 tons, while the Dutch East Indies produced 26,000 tons. The total production of the world was 142,000 tons. In 1651 the proportion was as follows : West Indies, 20,000 ; Dutch East Indies, 82,000 ; total product, 275,000. In 1858 the change of relations appears still more remarkable: West Indies, 8,000; Dutch East Indies, 90,000; total, 342,600. The West Indian plantations were long neglected by their owners, who lived in Europe, leaving them to overseers. Coffee culture requires constant atten tion and cheap labor. It is not strange, therefore, that it sought more congenial regions. The government supervision and the coolie labor of Java and Ceylon were well suited to it. In Java and Fadang, the East Indian Company knew how to produce the best coffee at the cheapest rate. Ceylon rope from a pro duction of 34,000 hundred weights in 1837 to ten times as much in 1851, and this is again trebled in the present 6hort crop. Java, more subject to droughts and devastating storms, fluctuated a good deal more in supplying the markets. The lowest point reached was 15,000 tons in 1833, and the highest was 77,000 tons in 1855. Tho average yearly pro duct during the four successive decades of years, from 1831 to 1871, has been 37,000, 58,000, 61,000, and 55,000 tons re spectively. The Brazils, with abundant black la bor, in the meantime rose to prominence in the coffee market. Beginning with 1821, the average production, per year during the four following poriods of ten years, was: 19,000, 49,000, 97,000 and 144,000 tons. The average thon fell oil to 128,000 tons during the soven years aicer iboi. Among the coffee producing countries near the United States the production of sugar has been encroaching in a remark able manner on that of coffee. Tho value of sugar, only 1 cents per pound ou the plantation in 1817, has been quadrupled since that time, while the value of coffee has only been doubled. Two influences Lave tended to the ad vance : the abolition of slavery in the West Indies already mentioned, and the depreciation of gold. In Cuba, if we ex cept the Santiago district, coffee cultiva tion has ceased altogether, and in other islands, except in Porto liico, it has con tinued with varying and uncertain re sults. This ohange of the field of production is a very important fact. When the production was scattered over the world, we were less subject to the chances of a " short crop," because the local influences of one part of the world would not be felt in another. Now, however, the pro duction is confined to the Brazils and two large islands in the Indian Ocean. A favorable or unfavorable season in any one of these three coffee-raising countries produces a marked effoct in the amount and price of the staple. To this cause of fluctuation mux, ha nririori the uncertainty as to the renewal of the Dutch East India Company's charter. If the charter is not renewed" labor com plications in Java will follow; the auc tion sales may cease, and the vessels of all nations will come into competition with those of the Dutch merchants, which are now employed in regular or der. This would produce irregularity in transportation. It is an interesting fact that in Europe the consumption of coffee has increased slowly, varying with tho price and the duties imposed, and ranging from one pound lor each porson in England to eleven pounds in Holland. In our own country the consumption in 1821 was one pound four ounces for each person; in 1839, six pounds; in 1851, eight and a half pounds. Our total consumption in 1842 was 67,000 tons ; in 1862 it was only 40,000 tons, and last year it was 124,000 tons. In 1851, Europe consumed 186,000 and the United States, 76,000 tons total 262, 000. In 18G7 the proportion was aB fol lows : Europe, 282,000 ; United States, 92,000 ; total 374,000. In 1870 : Europe, 347,000 ; United States, 124,000 ; total, 471,000. If our population numbers one hundred millions in the year 1900, as many predict that it will, we should consume at the present rate per person (nearly eight pounds,) 357,000 tons of coffee. The consumption in this country has been rapidly increasing of late, on account of the lower duty, and the great er demand of the colored population in the Southern States. This demand is principally for Kio. The increased de mand among the whites is mostly for Java and Maracaibo. The consumption will be checked, of course, by the rise in value. As emancipation is now imminent in the Brazils, we must be prepared for a low production in the future, especially if the slaves are suddenly liberated. If the coffee production of a country is once interrupted it requires time to fill the vacancy in the market, because the coffee tree does not begin to bear until its fifth, year. High values produced by interruption are more permanent, there fore, in the coffee trade than in any other, except in the case of certain spices. The estimates of the short crops, however, which are now made and pub lished must not be taken with too much credulity, as the range of area under cultivation is so large that it is impossi ble to judge of the crop with accuracy. The lowest estimate oi the deficiency in tte crop now given by intelligent stu dents of the subject are as follows ; For the Brazils, 70,000 tons ; for Java, 20, 000 ; for Ceylon, 10,000. .Y. J'. EveiunQ Pout. In one day last week, Bays the Horry (Cta.) Jteut, Mr. B. O. W. Grissett and his neighbor Jones, killed, in a lake near his house, thirty-five alligators; the next day returning to the same place, he and his son Forney killed ten wore, making forty-five in all. These amphibious animals ranged in length from two and a half to eight feet. How Advertising Don't Pny. The expressions, "Advertising don't pay,": " Don't see that advertising does any good," Aic, are familiar to tho ears of the solicitor ot advertising for newspa per columns. . . The r&al business man, hqwover, never makes uso of such expressions, for the reason that be patronises the only legiti mate and jndicipus means of advertis ing, and snoh as always pays. lie gives his advertising to the newspapers, and steers clear of the numerous clap-trap humbugs presented before him daily by Tom, Dick.and Harry, each of whom has either some new fraud, or some played out dodge that is new to somebody. One has a business guide, the advertising pages of which he generously offers for, say ten to forty dollars each. They gen erally stick for big prioes, stating that an immense edition is to be printed, when in reality there are usually issued ;ws( one copy to each advertiser, as proof that the contract has been fulfilled (V) As an inducement to others, the getter up of the fraud displays to his intended victim several orders for pages from shrewd business men. "Here's Smithers & Son take a full page," says he, " and here's another full page order from Clingtight & Qrabem, the bankers." Very nice bait this, and of course de ceives many. The outside, covers, and binding are generally sold to all who will engage them, each person so engaging of course getting what he pays for (in a horn). Business guides and street directories are not the only means employed by these tramps ; city maps, street guidos, &c, stuck around with business cards, are hung up in a few barber shops, the proprietors of which allow their walls to be thus disfigured. These frauds are highly puffed up by the agent, who ar gues that as everybody shaves, conse quently everybody will see these cards I for the printing and hanging up of which he modestly charges his dupes from two to ten dollars each ; in fact, ho has no established price ; if he cannot get ten dollars, be generously comes down to five or even two dollars, and will often accept of even a single dollar, rather than nothing. Another and fa vorite dodge which wakes up scmi-occa-sionally, is that of the hotel mirror, and another the post-oflioe thermometer and barometer, which indicates the same temperature and weather throughout the year. These latter are well known to most of our city readers, and aro another spe cies of card fraud, being surrounded with a dozen or two business cards, and then hung up tor a few days, long enough to admit of the dues being collected by the enterprising agent. Willard's Hotel, of this city, furnishes an example of the above. Shortly before the closing of the hotel the proprietor lntormea us that actually a cord or two of this trash, for which somebody hod paid heavily, was stowed away with other rubbish in tho cellar of the building. Who are the supporters of these frauds 'i To say that all who are represented in such are deficient in business qualifica tions bo far as advertising is concerned, would bo assuming a good deal, and would be saying what we do not by any means deBire to be understood to mean. We do say, however, without fear of successful contradiction, that the very few advertisements of shrowd business men which are displayed in the frauds of which we write, are not ordered by the parties at all, but are simply bait at which others bite. The swindlers who "make their swag" off of these frauds, are, generally speak ing, without permanent location, their home being " under their hat," and their office in their breast pocket ; they stop long enough to do a place pretty thor oughly, and when out of territory to operate in, pull up stakes, and seek new fields to conquer, leaving behind them numerous unDaid bills for rent, board, printing, clothing, whiskoy, &c, not to mention unpaid wages and commissions to canvassers employed by them to so licit orders. These vagabonds are the persistent foes of all legitimate advertising me diums, and mako it a part of their busi ness to depreciate and misrepresent newspapers whenever occasion offers. This they call business tact. It is a fact well worthy of note that nearly every business man who com plains that advertising don't pay, is a patron of these wandering humbugs and advertising tramps, and ample proof that the kind of advertising patronized by them don't pay, is to be bad by the appearance of closed doors, and shutters ticketed removed (to a cheaper place), or closed, (for want of custom). Newspapers, hand-bills, and posters are the only judicious modes of advertis ing, and THEY ALWAYS tay. 'Washing ton, Standard. Ice Fleas. F. Frauklaud writes in Nature : During a recent ramble upon the Mor toratsch Glacier, I turned over some of the isolated stones which lie upon its surface partially imbedded in the ice ; under many of them I found hundreds of a jet black insect, which jumped many times its own length, at a single spring, in a manner somewhat resembling the performance of a common flea. The ice ilea is about one-twelfth of an inch long. Viewed through a pocket lens, it was seen to have six legs, supporting a body obscurely jointed like that of a bee, and furnished with two jointed antenmo. The total length of the insect appeared to be about six times its tbioxueaa, the antenmo being about one-fourth as long as the body. The insects were not found under every stone, they generally occurred under flatfish fragments of rock, presenting a surface ot about a square foot, and having a thickness of from two to four inches. Occasionally the ice basin is drained, and it was under stones resting in such comparatively dry basins that the insects were found. In all cases nearly the whole of the fleas were found upon the ice, very few being attached to the stones. They were grouped together in shoals, so that probably forty or fifty of buoiu jrcquuutiy reomu upon a Bingie square inch of ice. On removing the stones, the insects were very lively, but this might be owing to their sudden transition from comparative darkness to direct sunlight. The Invariable formula for the exor dium of a publio document addressed to the throne of China, is in the following terms, taken at random from The Peliitg Uaeette: " Tso-Tsun-Taud, degraded 3 steps, but with retention of rank, Im perial Commissioner, Marquis of first rank, and Governor-General of Kansuh and Shensi, kneeling, presents an ad dress to the throne. Looking up, he re quests the sacred glance on his reverent memorial, sent by express, on the sub ject," o. FARM AND HOUSEHOLD. Bueedino rou Wool and Breeding fob Mutton. Tht Live tHoch Journal says ; Now that sheep are again attract ing attention, the advocates for the dif ferent breeds aro waxing warm. When either one con fines hiuiaulf to setting forth the merits of a particular variety, he generally does not overrate the good points of bis favorite ; but when he in stitutes comparisons with a view to prove that under all circumstances a par ticular breed is better than all others, he seems to us to go wide of the truth. We believe there are few localities in this oountry where improved stock of this class can be grown at all, in which either of the better breeds, in the hands of a thorough shepherd, would not for a scries of years prove reasonably re munerative. At the same time, we en tertain little doubt that some varieties would, under certain conditions of soil, climate, and accessibility to market, prove more profitable than others. It seems highly probable that both mutton and wool can be grown on the great central plains of the United States, in open competition with the production of South America, Australia, or else where ; and at the same time there is no more reason to suppose that sheep husbandry in the older States will thus be rendered unprofitable, than that the Bheep husbandry of Germany, France, or England, will be suspended, and bcoome a thing of the past from the same cause. The incidental benefits of sheep raising to general agrioulture are such as to insure the continuance of that branch of live stock husbandry, and, aB soils are more and more imperative, the va rieties to be grown may bo safely loft to local conditions, and the individual pref erence of each shepherd or farmer. Fattening; Cattle on Grass. In Great Britain and Ireland the wealth iest and most independent farmers are those who occupy large farms of good grass land, and who fatten and Bell an nually large numbers of cattle. This class of farmers are called graziers; they keep very little of the land in tillage, do not winter large numbers of cattle, but buy two or three-year-old heifers and steers in the spring, keep them on choice pasture during the sum mer and autumn, and sell Defore the animals begin to lose flesh lato in the fall. The vast herds of Texan cattle aro sometimes managed in a similar way, being purchased when in a low condition, and drive on the ranche and succulent prairie grass until they have become nearly fat. Farmers who have good grass laud should devote at least a portion of it to fattening stock; good two or three-year-old heiters and steers, kept on a rich pasture for six months, would probably pay better than inferior tillage. The money would all come to gether, and the cost of transportation, compared with that of cereals, would be trifling. Every farmer should fatten all bis young stock that are not requir ed for the dairy or yoke. Selling stock of any kind before they are properly made up tor tne market is very bad management, and a great deal of money is lost by f armrs every year in this woy. voimant aural world. Economy of Lono Furrows in Plowing. A German agricultural jour nal observes that farmers usually pay very little attention to tho length of the furrows to be plowed in a field, and yet great waste of time and labor is the necessary consequence of unsuitable arrangements m this respect. The turning of the plow and the commenc ing of a now furrow roquires more exertion in the plowman and the team than continued work on a straight line. ana how great may really be the loss of time from irequent interruptions in short turns may be shown by the fol lowing calculation : In a field 225 feet long, fivo and a half hours out of ten are used in redirecting the plow ; with a length of 575 feet, four hours are suffi cient for the purpose, and when the plow can proceed without interruption for 800 feet, one and a half hours of the daily working time are consumed. Henco the rule to make the furrows as long as circumstances will admit. American and (Jcrninn Farming. A correspondent of the Springfield Re publican, writes from Dresden : Ut the two and a half millions inhab itants of Saxony, two-thirds live in the country (piatt-iana; and lau.uuo ara land-owners, 80,000 possessing each moro than two acres, and 100,000 being their own farmers, i. e., working their own soil. The valuation of the land outside of the cities reaches nearly $600,000,000, and an annual harvest is valued at $15,- 000,000. The 50,000 farms of Massachu setts, with a valuation in land of less than one-fifth as much, get more than two-thirds as much for their crops as the Saxen farmers. The Saxon farmers. however, never ask whether farming pays. They maintain a slow, but sure prosperity, and during the last third of a century have advanced the rate of pro duction proportionately with an increase ot nearly 00 per cent, in population, This advance has not been through the American avenue of introducing new methods, but probably by a closer and more desperate forcing of the old and settled methods of farming. The railway recently took me over thousands of acres of crops in the process of harvesting, in the kingdom and rrus sian province of Saxony, a region for the most part that would delight the eye of even an American farmer, lying as level and mellow to the plow as the gentle rolling billows of Illinois. Often as far as the eye could reach on either side of the railroad, stretched one culti vated expanse, unmarred by fences, but checkered all over with the infinite interchange of cropB, scarcely any one field of one crop being of more than one or two acres in extent. Yet in all these thousands of " flurs" (certainly here field is a " floor") not a mowing or reap ing machine or horserake was to be seen. Every swath had been haggled off and tumbled together by the old-fashioned scythe, every winrow of bay bad been collected with a puttering hand-rake, every sheaf of grain bound by a woman's arms, and when the crop bad finally gone off upon wheelbarrows or drawn by harnessed cows, the serried rows of stub ble exposed the antiquity of the mower's tools and his or ber unskilfulness in using even those. Imagine a scythe only three feet in length, four inches broad at the hoel, fixed in a straight snath, and a band-rake with a young sapling stripped of its bark for a handle, and you have specimens of the outfit of a German haymaker. Muscatine, Iowa, has 60,000 bushels of grain awaiting shipment, and dealers complain bitterly of meagre transpor tation iaciuuea. A Siamese Custom, The recent death of the King of Riara and the ascension of a new ruler has brought to notice a curious custom which is peculiar to the Siamese nation. It is called " marking the people." Every male subject of the government must . Sfllect a aov eminent official whom he will vaongnioe as bis master, and thnn must have a mark on the back of one of his wrists indicating the department to which he is thus at tached. All persons thus marked are liable to be colled upon to render per sonal servioe in tho department to whioh they belong. The government ofiioial is responsible for the government work according to the number of men marked to him. It is in many cases optional with the master whether he will require personal service or accept substitutes or money for procuring them. But, in some cases, personal service must bo exacted. The amount of service requir ed varies considerably. Some are re quired to give their whole timo, receiv ing a nominal salarv only, wholly inad equate to their support even in the style oi me poorest class ol laooreru iu mat country. But, as a rnle, they are re quired to give only a portion of time a certain portion of each month, quar ter or half year. This system of mark ing is unpopular with the people, and at such times as it is to be enforced the greatest vigilance is required on the part of government officials to prevent a general emigration from the country of those subject to the mark. The Dotroit papers have discovered a new method of driving away tho organ grindors. Every day or two they have a paragraph like this : " Organ-grinders in MemphiB make about ton dollars a day." Careful men always look out for first- class securities. For Railroad Honda paying you good interest, write to Charles W. Hassleu, No. 7 Wall Street, Now York. New York Markets. F!.otnt and Mkai Tjiw ctuIim Western anil Mats flnurwoi'iMivnlu in ilomnnil with ft alif-ht further irn- Srovement In prlceH, ami family brands continue nil. Ryo Hour quiet. Corn mcnl lower. We quote : Flonr HuporUno Btato and Western, t. 20 atfl.&u; extra HUte, fec, e.87o a 17.15. Western srrrinK wheat extras, 16.75 a $7 I le. double extras, $7.25 a ts.26 ; do. winfor wheat extras anil double ex tras, ti.25 a (0 25; Southern bakers' and faintly brands, atll.75 ; fionthorn shipping extras, ti.'JO a 7.wi. nye nonr Fine and Mupornne, v a va.tu. Ciiru meal Western, 3.90 a 14.26; Brandy wine, .to., 4.25a(h.40. Buckwheat Hour, & 100 Its., t2.75afcl.15. Cotton Further 'Inclined tinder lareo recelDts of the new cum. Mtdilllni- imhuuls lako.. uud low do., 180. Provisions Pork was a ahado firmer but nnlct : salesiat 112.75 a 13 for mess. Sit for prime mess, and 110 furprhuo. Beef lower and in fair demand ;aalea new, at 112 a 15 for mess ; $18 a 18 for prime mess ; 20 a til for India mess, and tif 24 for beet limns. Bacon weak ; Western for future delivery, nominal, 7H a8kc; city Ioiir clear, 9c. Cut meats quiet ; pickled hams, 10 V, a 11c. LardQH a li-ic., for No. 1 to prime city, and OH a lotto., for Western ateam ana kvttlo rendered. Dressed liojrs lower at 6 4 a 6o. Butter dull at 25 a 40c, for State und O. C. pulls, Including prime dairies, and selections at 30 a 32c. Western and Ohio, 14 a 24c. Cheese very lliiu at 10 a 14c. fJRArtf WhAnf. firmM- Tint tea. nptlvn snips nt 11.60 a $1.54 for No. 2 spring, 1 65 H a 11.57 for No. 1 uo., i.o a i.tH lor reuamoer winter, anu i.ei a 1.71 for common to choice white. Kye quiet at SO a 90c. , for Western. Barley dull at 77c. for prime Western, 85 a 87c. for four-rowed State, and $1 a 81.04 for Canada West. Oats were active nt lc de cline ; sales at 48 a 60c. for black, 50 a 52o. for mixed and 52 a Wo. for white. Corn 2c. better and fiilrly active ; sales at 80 a 810. for Western mixed. In store and ailout. OROCRR1F.R Tho snnculntlnn In mo aoITaa timtcA down, and we reduce quotations to 18 a 20c.. gold, duty paid. Bice lower and dull at 6d a 7c. tor jtongoon, 7 a vc ior raoia ana 7 a BHjC: for Southern. Molasses more active: old crop New Orleans lobbing at 45 a 65o. i old Bar badoea, 306. i the other Porto Rico, 370. Sufrurs, lower and more active ; fair to good reusing, 8fc a USo. HeUucd dull; hards, m a 1210. BUHiiRlES Refined netroleum 23 a 23k.e.. crude 14 a like . In bulk : and nauththa. 10V a llo . fur city and Western . Btrolued rosin 14.25 on the spot, Tullow sold at 9to. for prime city. Hides quiet. Hops dull and drooping nuder Initio receipts. Clo-ver-Beod lirmer at 11 a 11 Jc. Linseed oil decidedly lower at 74 a 7c. for whole and Jobbing lots. Whiskey lirra at 95 a 95Vsc Freight lirmer, and closed Kite, for wheat to Liverpool by sail. Livn Stock Market Tho best cattle were sold at 11 1,0. fb., and the range for native steers was 9 a iiic, wmieaurovo oi common tcxuus, otio ms. live weight averago, brought 0c., i a. to dress 54 IBs. to the gross cwt. The market for sheen and lambs continued dull and weak nt 4 a Gc. 4 tt. for shoep, anil IS 7ln. V lf. for lambs : with a few choica suoeii sold at site. and some extra lambs at 1c. Tho market for hoirsclMcd weak nt4k a 4c. alive, and & a oljo. dressed. Incidents of tiie Great Chicago Fire. Alfred L. Sewell, one the most widely known publishers of Chicago, is collecting Incidents of the Great Fire, to be published by hi in, in book form, at tne earliest possible day. Mr. tsewell s printing establishment and business were entirely destroyed, leaving him at liberty to give his whole attention, for tho present, to this book, which will be one oi thrilling interest. Mail to him now, at Chicago, the Dries, fiftu cents, and he will send you a copy post puui, as soon as reaay. That excellent Juvenile Work and 1'i.ay Is just completing Its second year, nnd has been received with great favor as a first ckiss publication for the home nnd school. No one understands better thuu the Publishers and Editors of this Magazine bow to meet the wants of tho vouusr folks, and thev have well succeeded In their endeavor to present a morouguiy good .Maeazine lree Irom trasn ; one that is as its namo indicates, both useful anu entertaining, it is original, Iroin con tributors ot the lngUcst ability, and U carefully edited. Tho season for coughs and colds is rapidly approaching, and every one should be prepared to check the first symptoms, as a cough contracted be tween now and Christmas frequently lasts an winter. There is no better rem. edy than " Johnson's Anodyne Liniment." For all diseases of the throat and lungs, it snouia be used internally and ex. ternally. Deliberate Suicide. Not for a single day, can a Couuh be safely neglected iu this climate. Without delay re sort to Hale's Honey of HoitKnouNO and 1 ah. '1 bis balsamic vegetable prcrmrat ion ex. tiugulshcg a Cough, or cures a Cold, with uu cxainplcd rapidity. Pike's Toothache Drops cure Toothache in one uiiuuie. doiu by all Druggists at ,' cents, The Purest and Sweetet Cod Liver Oil in the world is Huz. .rd & Caswell s, made on the sea-shore, from fresh, selected livers, by Caswell, Uaz ARD 4s Co., New-York, It is absoli:i.-ly pure and steeet. Patients who huv nee taken it prefer it to all others. Physi cians have deoidod it superior to any of the other oils in market. Coughs and Colds aro often over looked j a continuance for any length of time causes irritation of the Lungs or some chronio Throat Di tease. " Ihown't UronchUU Troches" are an effectual Cocoa Remedy. Lung fever, common cold, catarrhal fever, and nasal discharge of a brownish color in horns, may be checked at once by liberal use of Mxridan' Cavalry Con dition I'Oiedert. Marriage is one of the great blessings of the world. J. Monroe Taylor's Cream Yeast linking Powder is another. . Churltoble Distribution. ' . , ; . The Grand Distribution in aid of tho New-York Formdllrirr. Asylum, nnd the Soldiers' ami Sailors Orphans Homo, of WafflilnRton,' D. C.,' Is positively fixed to tukc plae i,ii the latter city on tho 2;'.d of NovcjtiIht next. A peculiarity of tlscriternrtwo is that It has received thf) snnctlgii of thp VtSy f-'pni-niissinfier tff Internal Rt!Vnup, wu,qkj) socdjuj permit of (t oppaArt In thi prgnpiOns, hulni; the yprj Oral InAliuvpp In whkh flutih permit has taftn frrnntol U an entprnriso f tho -lu(l-Tills Is a fact so Important in Uaelf that the solo of tickets has already advanced to an un precedented extent. Another gt'srnnty of the sterling character of the enterprise appears In tho names of tho substantial men of business and hI(U social position by whom U Is sus tained ; while tho press ot the entird country have been unanimous in giving it publicity and approval. Frivato emolument Is not tho principle upon which the enterprise stands, its projectors being actuated solely by the chnritablo motive ol giving aid to worthy and bencficicnt institutlous. it is likewise a recommendation to the en terprise that its General Agent is Mr. V. C Devlin, the well-known stationer and printer doing business at 31 Nassau Street, New York city. Tub Wobkino Farmer for 1871-72 Vols. 23 and 24. Extraordinary in ducements to new subscribers. Three months for nothing. Bent to subscribers from October, 1871, to the close of 1872, for one dollar and a half, and the Illus trated S2mo. Dictionary (price 75 cents) iven to each subscriber as a premium ; t for three subscribers at $1.60 each, .ill send one of Brady's Celebrated Corn Siiellers, which is an exceeding ly useful and indispensable article to every fanner. Address Wm, L. Allison, Publisher Workino FARMER. New York city. Free Advebtibino. From family to family, from city to city, from State to State, the fame of Dr. Walker's Vege table Vinegar Bitters as a specific for all derangements of the stomach, bowels and liver, is continually extend ing. Every invalid who tries the great restorative, every individual who has ever witnessed its effect, becomes its upontaneoin advertiser. Its voluntary missionaries are innumerable, and puo lio enthusiasm in its favor spreads, fuster than a prairie fire. TO CONSUMPTIVES. Tho advortisor, having boon permanently cured of that dread dlscaso, Consumption, by a simple remody, Is anxious to make known to his follow anfferors the moans of cure. To all who desire it, he will send a copy of the prescription need, (froeot oharK"), with tho directions for reparlUK and using tho same, whioh they will And a BUiix Cuhk FOK CONHUU1TION, ASTHMA, BllONCHITlH, C. Pur- tlos wishing tho prcaerlptlon will plense address KOV. l'illWAHU A. W11.SUW, 104 South Uocoud Ut.. WilllaujBburgh, N. Y. ADVERTISEMENTS. $200,000 MADE BY AOKNTH for our new and easy sclllnir book. Three niairniflceut steel cufrravlnits, worth (12, irlven to every new nirent. wimiih j n u.n.11 iu:iiiu PUBLIsni&li CO, S3 and M Llbtrly.sU, . Y. CHEAP LANDS In Tennessee, from SI to tl5 per acre. Alone the lino of the irruat Cincinnati and Southern Railroad. For lull particulars en close SO cents to H. D. BRIER, Jamcstowu, Feu- tress Co., Tennessee f'EMLO'S Modern Watch Repairer's Guide, with il enirravlnes. Conies sent free by P. O. on re- ceipt oi ti.z-j. A. Williams & Co., Pub'rs, Boston. AGENTS WANTED ferthe sale of Eiehler's Li quor Recolpts, Invaluable to every liquor deal, cr. bottler, Ac. Rotuli price fc oo. Large commis sions paid to agents. AUdiese W. UUEROTH, 400 N. Sd, Philadelphia. r TANTEII ENTERPRTBINO AGENTS 1 rnrevery county in mo mines n rew 1 or, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Maryland, with from fifty to one thousand dollars, to take agency for a aalablo article that every person cannot do without, and pays a Larue percentage. Apply at COMPAQ V'8 OFFICE, 143 Chambers St., N. Y. H OW TO MAKE MONE1 One good Agent wanted In overy County. Best thlngout. Circular free. Address M. L. B VKM, 80 Cedar BU, N. Y. "WinP AWAKF FA8T asleep" ucrb French Oil Chromos sublccts LIFE KI.E exquisite k i4i of original OIL PAINTINUS lil l iiv A. 11 A x 10 overy suuscnuor 10 Henry Ward Beecher's Great LITERARY, RELIGIOUS, WEEKLY NEWSPAPER. AgentH having great success. One took 1.OU0 names Iu 3 nionUis ; auotherooo in 6 weeks; many others equally well, mukiug from 15 and $10 10 c-tv per auy. 1 akch uu hikuu au 11111 ngma wuu Jtnoieg. says : " 1 iiuok it inu ncn uwttnfM jor can vaster eoer offered. Horrv I did notengage sooner." Pays better than any book Agcucy. A rare chaiice to make nuwy. UlUAb AUE.MS WAWTJtlll Intelligent men and women wanted everywhere you wish good territory, seud earl) for circular and terms, j. a. ruKOALU.. 3 rRin rutcu, 1. .; 11 Uiumttcld.8t,BosUm;23SW.Madlson-st.,ChlcaKO, 1T ASSETS WOMAN'S nnr wanted for Monitor, Br r. w. ESTnrKur, a. p. An eminently sofo.nractlcal and liidlelnns mildn for young women ; and for mothers iu tho core luid training of themselves and their ollapriug. A full uescripiive circular, with tablo of contents, sent freo. (1. B. Vfc'MT PtilillaliAt. f.fl Xf ......... Ttf 1- WORK and PLAY. INSTRUCTION with amusement. Thebcst.chenp est, and most popular mnguzlno for the houiu. "my vi per yenr. me occupation, amiine nicuU and lnsi ruction of the whole fumilvn Hiieciui. ty. New Humps, Home Amusements, Instructive Sketches. Drawinir LeiwonK. aiilt,mliil p7v1..m .! beautiful Oil Chromos, aro prominent features iu thlHoi igluul Xuguiiue. Inquire lor it at the news rooms, or seud ten cents to the publisher for a sample copy, with the mt liberal listever oilerutd for clubbing with all the popular magazine. Bpleu. did premiums ami cash comiuiS8lous ottered to la me w uu secure ciuos. MILTON BRADLEY & CO.. Publishers, sprlugiicld. Mass FLORIDA FRUIT FARM FOR SALE. i( Acres, house of 7 rooms, two cottages, stable, U 2ouo nuit trues, uursory, etc. Kcr Railroad UCjnju Fur further particulars apply to E. F. HENDERSON. Live Ouk, Florida. A MAN OP A THOUSAND! A CONKIJ.III'TI VK (i'HHIl. Whendoath was hourlv exuectod fi-mu consutnD. thin, nil remedies having fulled, accident led to a discovery whereby Dr. II. James cured his only child, llo now gives this recipe free, ou receipt ot two stamps to pay uxiieuses. Address t'HADDOCK & Co., 10.fi Knco St., PhUudolplilu, I'u., giving SUPERIOR PRINTING INKS The attention ot Printers is called to the superior BLACK INKS. Manufactured br Messrs. MORRILL & WINS. LOW, Eagle Printing Ink Works, Boston, Mass. For tine Job. Book, and Xewsiiiiiicr win lc. the val-i. oos grades of these Inks are couudeutly assorted to ue uie Very Best for tho 1'rlco ever manufactured in this country. Extra quality News iuk, (same aa usodou this impcr), furnished 1;, :mi uuu iuu 10. Kega, Ufa IO Cts. lei Ll. A full line enuntuntly on hand and for sale at luuuuiuciurcra' prices. Aiiurus I UAH. II. CUNKI.IN, Box 113, MldiUotown, N. Y. Chicago Great Conflagration. A monetae hlstorv of the PAST of this most wonder. fill ot cltiua, and a detailed, olreiwutantial &n A vivid account of IU destruction by Urc ; with scenes, liicl j. ... .. .. . .. .1......... ?..!..,.- r ti . 1 1 ..... u .. City Editors ef Chicago Tribune. Fully Illustrated from Photographs takenvo the spot. Ageuuj wan tod. Auiliors C. F. VENT, 58 Murray Bt.New York. EVERY FARMER Is Invited to aeud his address and receive Fro mm rsnUft vmim 00 w American Farm Journal The mostPractloal. the Best and Cheapest I Has. trated Agricultural paper in the United HUUm. Only 93 ceule per year, bend for a specimen copy. Addles MILLER, UH,k iu.. Toledo, Ohio, Fancy Goods T6.ys & FlrcVorks. JOSEPH D. PURDY. ; 32 and 34 Mslden lane, New-York, IMPORTER,' FVPOIITKB, MAJftTFAC- '1 UKEJCM AU1.9 r. lias oil hand a Jafne and choice slock of FRKNC1I, LENOLtflH AND fjERMAN TOW, ; I MB THB j likill and Holiday Trade. Home and out-door slorts and fames of all kinds. tVAn exptrifMi ttf v'ar enti!lf f kf'VL'r ualt thA want of the mtbutt. and at jirtinfH'alt will dorm rinnaUe. , ..; ,600,000 - ACRES. . . '. OKTHS Richest Farming Lands in the World, , FOR BALE TO ACTUAL SETTLERS. Neosho Valley, Kansas. Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railway Co. CARS NOW RUNNING 400 MILES I Tlie Land offered by tlila Company are mainly within 20 mllea nl each able of tho roail, flxtrnillii 170 mlloR alonn t lie N ICOSllO VALI.KY, t ho rlclioHt, tlnoKt, and nioat Inviting valley tor aottlement In the Went. Ono-tlilnl of tlie labor ronnlrM at the Eaat will lnanre here (Inutile tlie amount of erupt. PM1CK OK l,AND.-2 to t8 per acroi credit of ten yRra' time. TKKItIM OK HALE. One-tenth flown at the time of trarrhaae. No payment the wooml year. One-tnt n every yenr after, with annnul Interest. For further Information, addreaa ISAAC T. OOODNOW, l.nnd Com'r, Nrobho Falls, Kamhas IRON AND . STEEL FOR CASH. F5H Bar Iron, Hoop Iron, Band Iron, Horse Shoe Iron, Horse Shoos, Horse Nails, Spring Steel, Bessemer Steel Tire, THE "TIRE OF TIRES." rdera bv mail nrnmntl v oiaented. ALL GOODS M.UANTEH. Hani uuUi with orders: exact clioAKO returned 200 and 20S Frunklia-st., near l'ier a, N. H., N.Y. FRANCIS & LOUTREL, No. 43 MAIDEN LANE. Stationers, Printers, nnd Manufacturers of Patent Spring-Back Account Books. Allklnilsof first-class Statlonorv. Writing Popots, Desks, Portfolios, Hcrap Books, Exioueo Books, 1)1 nrien for 1S72. Pocket Cutlnt-v. Curils. Chessmen Wallets, Ac., tc. We keep eveiytlilng iu our lino, sn i sen BLiowesr. Tiriccs. i-uieut composition tur rnnicrs- j UKiug jiouero. Send Stamp for a Sample Number ! A MONTIILY MAGAZINE FOR READKRH. YOUNGEST S5iplllj- IllllHtl'tltcU. rsfhtbtcribe nmv. and net thi last three numbert 0 mis year tl.S0ave.ir. Inadvnncn. 15centsaslnglennmlier. Liberal club terms, liberal liremiunis. Address the Publisher, JOHN L. SHOREY, bo Bruinttehl.Kt., Boston, REDUCTION OF PRICES TO CONFORM TO REDUCTION Ol? DUTIES. GREAT 8AVINO TO CONSUMERS BY ET TIRO UP CLUBS. OT Bend for onr new Price List and a Club form will aooomnanv it. coatainliiff full directions mak. lng a large saving to consumers and remuneratlvs vo oiuu organizers. THE GREAT AMERICAN TEA CO. 31 & S3 VKSKY STREET, New York. '. O. Bex aiSM. CET THE BEST. ; I DU. GROSVENOK'H t Improved Porous Plasters are recommended by the BEST PHY- ! HICIANs as a Hire and tale remedy i fur RHKUMAT1MM, N'EU'KALUIA, J DlfclOASKH of the LIVER and Kill- NKVS, PAIN in the BllKAHT, I.UNUS or SIllE.SCI ATICA, WKA K BACK, FEMALE WEAKNESSES, severe COUGHS, COLDS, kc. J The wonderful curative iiower of these plasters has been proved beyoud - iiuestiou in their use by eminent phy. Hieluus aud fuiullles. They reach the illlticulty, and uct where they aro needed. An economical remedy. Take I nouo but DR. GUOSVENOU S to in- sure the best result. - i General Dcot, 1-J5 Hudson St.. New I York. Sold by all Druggist PRICE 2S cents. TACII NEW srUSC'ltlllKK ij 10 tne wuitkkn woki.b (u large s- pago weeny paper) receives, (ran. 1 Magnlllcont 3 steel Engraving, 28 Ir 3S inches, untitled THE NAT! VIT UK OUK LORD." or one of Pranir'i Charming $3 Chromos, 14 by 17 iuches, entitled "HAVE PATIENCE" a lit tle country girl teasing a dog 0110 of the most attractive little artistlo gems ever issued. Terms ;t a year. Your choice between tho two premiums. FOR specimen copy 01 westkhn wohui, with lull descriptions, sent lor stamp. A lit; NTS WANTED. Any one who will engago to act as a local agent ami scud 1, shall receivo a ltcrfoct copy of either premium he desircs,wlth full Instructions, uud tho Wksiekn W0111.11 ior three mouths free. Local $3.00 Ageuts can easily make fo.00 a da Address JAMES R. ELLIOTT. Plr llxher, at, Brouitlcld Street, Boston, Muss. Spirit Photographs BY AV. II. MU3IjL,jL:1.. Full information how to obtain thorn, nml a bwtt tliul Hp riiii' ii Hf-nt to any part oi tliu world oil i W. IT. MDMLER. 170 WeatBprlnKllcld Bt., Itoatou, Mans. AGENTS WANTED FOR THE YEAR of BATTLES Tho History of tho War between France and tUMiuauy, emhiiMiuihr altto Purls turner thy 'oiu muno. loo it i ii hi ration h ; Ml naL'tm; pi ire, f-.50 50,0(i0 coplcH ul reaily aoltL Tho only oomitltito work NothiiiK equals it to acll. Making 10,000 copios pur montli now. Jn KiikIImIi auiUiL'ruiaii. Terms un. equalUnl. Outfit $1.2. AtUltVHa If. 8. oOUU bfKED A CO., U7 Vai k Row. Now Vol k. MOW IS THE TIME to seud 23 contafor a ticket and draw a Watch, Sewing Machine, Piano, or aomo at tide of value. Nolilnuka. mxtlcketatl- Adtlroaa VACKAItll CO., Ciiieiuuati, O. AMERICAN FOREST TREES. Tulip, Linden, Aah, Elm, Iteoch, Muido, L'hoatnut, ileuilock, 40. Hrlco, ti per tlioiiaaud, uud upwuiila. Kjouie variitiea by mail, &0o, 4 luu. tiend atump for vu' cutar. luuireata all. A. BATTLKK, (ilrurd, l'a. TMEA-NECTAR IS A PURE BLACK TEA with tho ereen Tea Flavor. War. ranted to aultaOl taatoa. JCue tale everywhere. And for aala wboloaaie only by tlio Hroal AUamle InelileTo H Church HU, Now Yol k. 1. O. Box 031)11. tietul or Tkea Nectar VirauUr. AtteatUn ! Urcecri, DraaaNU, mum Othara I Tei! Teas!. Tat! MERRITT HUNTER, 108 Wall St, N. Y., Hill nut tuaa In lb. aud I, lb. packairea to dualera at luportara' urlooa. Wiito lot pat Uculara. w p I u III baivi w. ui tho halut, aiutioa T. E. CLARKE, M. D., Mount Veruun, Oliio. $290 1 Broadway, M lor nratrOlaai Piano. Bent on trial. No enu. Adtlroaa u. H. rilNU CO., Mi Y, PM8 Wit.vi. ProprUtor. R. H. Mr Don 41,0 A Co.. DrarrUM. MILI'IONS ienr TCrUiUiftny 10 tbelr Wkderfiil CttHuWe Effects. Tnor are not a vile Fancy Drink, Uade of Por Ilnra, AVhl.kry, Proof 8plrt;a nnd KcfnM Llqnora doctored, upload and awottencd to please tuo taRte,cftlled "Tonlca "Appetlicri, "IU-irtorxni,,,ito., that load the tippler on to drunkennean and niifMmt aro true Mcdlcine,inade from the Native Hoots anJfierb of California, free from 1I Alcoholic Stint nnf. They are the GREAT BLOOD PtTRI- FIEllnnd A LIFE CUVJNU PRINCIPLE, icr(ect Renovfttor and InvlRorntor ot the Byetem, cnrrytMBOlT all poisonous matter and restoring theblood to a healthy condition. No person can wine these mu tcrs according to directions and remain Ichr unwoll, provided their bones are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means, and the viuu orcuns -wameu beyond tho point of repair. Thev nro a Ucntlo Purgative ns well na a Tonic, poAiicBslnir. nmt the iecnliar merit of acting ns a powerful agent In relieving Cunffentiou or Inflam matlon of tlie Liver, and nil the Visceral Ornnns. FOR FEMALE COMPLAINTS, Inyoungof rpnTird nrnlnulo. nt theduwn of woinnnhood or at IJic turn of life, Uicmj Tonic 11 It tern nave no equal. For Inflmninntory nnd Chronic Ithcnmn- llnm nnd -out, Dynprpnln or lnillttrnton IlllloiiN, Remittent nnd Intcriulttrut Fe ver, DlMenftcn or tin Jllood, Liver, Kid neyo nnd Bladder, thews Miters have hrenmoat Bt'ocosftful. Hitch DlMcnnca are canned by Vltlntvd III on d, which in generally produced by dcriuiri;nicnt of the incentive O ran tin. DYSPEPSIA OR INDICKSTION, Ilosd- ache, Pain in tlicHliouMer,Oouich, Tiirhtric-n of tho Client. Dizzfners, Hour Eructation of thu Kbimach, Bail Taste In the Mouth, lllllnti AH:V;:, I'ulpiiation of the Heart, Inflammation of tin bunr, INin In there ft nns of the Kidneys, and a huiulrvd other jainful eymt toms, rv the oO'prhiff of Dyicpia. They Invfeoratc the Htomach andnttmuluU-thctoriiiil Liver and BoweU, which rcnucr them of uiH-quill I efficacy in cleansing the blood of all imiiuritioft, ni i pnrtinif new life and vi?or to Iho whole ryntoni. FOR SKIN DISEASES, Eruptions, Totter, H.tll Rheum, Blotches, Spots, Piuiplus, Pmitulce, Uots, Car buneloH, ninf-Worm. SraM Head. 8nr Krs, Kn I pe ls, ltch.rcunii, iHAcuinnuiotLH 01 111c .kih. iiuninrs aitI Ihneasei of tho fkin. of wbatt-v-r naiiK' or rmture. ate literally dug up and carried out of thi H'Um in a uliort timn hv the URu ill thl'HO Hitter. One lmttl In ncti ewes will convince tht1 most incrodiilou ol tlmlr cur tivo cuccts. Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever you Hud Its In: purities bursting through tho sklu In Pimples, Erup tions or Sores; cleanse it when you find it obstructed and sluggish In tho veins; cleanse It when It is foul, and your feelings will tell youwhen. Keep the blood pure, and the health of the system will follow. Plu, Tnpe, and other Worms, lurking In the system of so many thousands, are effectually destroyed and removed. Says a dMImruf'hod phyniolngit, there ix scarcely an Individual upon the race of tho earth whFe body Is exempt from the presence of worms. It is not upon the healthy element of the body that worms exit. but upnn th diseased humor 3nd slimy deposits that bn-ed these Hviug mo nsters of isease. No fiystrtn of Medicine, no vermifuges, no ant helm tnt tea win ireu xne system irotu worms into these Bitters. WALK Kit, Proprietor. It. II. Me DONALD & CO, Druggist and Oen. Aent. Snn Francisco. California, aud 3x and 34 Commerce Street, New York, B9"SUL1 BY ALL DRUUUISTS AND DEALKH8. tOOS GIFTS! GRAND GIFT COXCURT AND DISTRIBUTION For tho Brncflt of tho IN oav York FOUNDLING ASYLUM, And tho SOLDIERS and SAILORS ORPHANS' HOME, WASHINGTON, D. C. To tinlirlil in Vftnlilti7toti. I). ('.. ninliT 'nml liy v!r. tint itf a if rum rruiii luu lion. CumiiitttHumr of lu tcrnul Kuvt'ime, uu Thursday, Nov. 171. I'OSITIVELV KO rOSTi'ONEMEST. After tlioconcert tho CnniinUninnerH will awant to tlio Hiu-t'CHMlul ticki't liulilurH ioiu uitta, HtllOllllt. iuis to t Juo.auo. 5'Auuo ticket w m bo uia at ti eatli. lion. II. McrUI.I.OrciH, Klkton, Vil., Major EU. T. VAHTLE. JJaitimoi-c, llil., I'ttimiiimioiieri. Uuu. JAS. 8. NKULEY, M. C, Pittshuri?, !. Trustee. nr. PKRENCi:s Major di n. 1). Hunter. U. S. A., Wuablnvton, 1). v. i Jinn. J. w. Ni'itlfy. l'lttbirK, l'a. ; Hrt Natlimal Hank, Jluirrralonn, Mil.; Ai-liU-ltiau ttCo., lt.llkois, ii:tKi'l'Htuwn, Mil.; Uh1u irratt i Sunn, SteicuuntH, liaKumtowu, Mil. ; Utn. It. J. Ilrput. lato Attorney in nil. lliillliiiori', Mil.; CK.AI1lj1.lt, Ki., Apia Ktumliml I.I 10 1 118. Co., 30 foHtotlU'O Av., lil.ltllili.ro, Mil.; W. II. MyiTH, of W. II. Myera & lilo., Kxvliungo Pluxo, Baltlmoro, Mil. Tlrkrta nml C'lrciilara containing iIi hci Ititlon of rii.oauuil nmiioi) oi roicu'iii'i: can bo bo huu ot 1'. C. DEVLIN, (ioncral Afioiit, Ktritiiilur ami I'rinter, No. ul NaHHau fcitroot, In. Y. TlekotB Rout " C. O. T)" If itealrort. lt"Tli( Manam i's aBhiiro tho public tho DruwUiK will tuku iilucu ou iluto uilvoitiatl. SIX PEll :KNT. INTKIfKHT, FKEI1 OF OOVKIlNMkNT TAX. MARKET SAVINCS BANK, 84 NA83AU BT., NKW YORK. Open dally from 10 A. u. to 3 P. M., and ou MON DAYS arid THUBHDAYS from 6 to 1 P. M. lnterc.t coiumeace the Brat day ! each month. WM. VAN NAMK, Preelilont. HENRY R. CONKMN, UocruUry. $6 A LINE for au ADVERTISEMENT In 830 Weekly Newspapers clrtmlatlne In nil tlio Northern iStateaof tho XTnlon. Boat nml cheaiioHt uieilium of ita kind In tho world. Eatiiuutoa aunt ou uiinlioutiou to E. W. FOSTER, 41 Park Uow, '. Y. RUPTURE Kellove.1 and cured by Dr. f-hennan'a Patent Ajipll onco and Couipouud. utile ti7 JSroailway, N. Y. Keud loo. for btxik with photoKiapliio llkeneaaea of raaea before aud alter cure, with Henry Waid Heocliei-'a enne, lettci'a aud imrtruit. Bowaro of travolliuit itupoatora, who protoud to liavo boou aa alatauta of Dit. miikkman. WASTED Apeuta in every county tocanvana for aubacriiitioua to a liopuhir literary pabM-r A hanilaoiue premium ffivou to every aubaci-lber. Hood work and largu pay. Addreaa Benedict dt Co., Buillugton, VU FOR ALL SKWINH MA CHINKS can lie obtained at about one half tlio uaual ratea by orderiUK ilireet. biut-'fr'a. 40 eta. per doa.t Wheeler dt WII.-hui, ou eta.; llowe'a, 60 eta.; o rover at Baker, 50 eta., and athera in prik portion. KiicIi.ho theuiuoiiut aud Noeulea will bo returuedby llrat uutil. Addreaa EAOLE NEEDLK CO., Watei tuwn. N. Y. rpilE UARRI8BURO FAMILY CORNBHEL M. lor Co. want Afceuta to aell their Family Corn ahellera. Beat inveulion of the kind Bella at at ht. proika larpe. For circulura adilreaa fcUOliNK 8N YliEB, Treoaurcr, Lock Box II, liurrlabui K, Fa. MUNN CO., Fabllahera Helen, tljlo American, 37 Park Kow.N.Y., obtain patouta evf rywhere. 24 yeara exoei-ienoe. Everything; eonUdoutlal. Inveutora. Boud tur Fatout law and (iulda to SEND for our Catalogue of (lay Bookal J. A H. DAV1H. Ithaca, New York. Addreaa fit lira linii IIUMBBBi CUHJUi 8wny, Ringbone, Spavin, i". -j! Diaeaaaa ot Iluraa Floah. A Eirht O'Olock 1" oT-I . . . iKkUUlfal MTUP1 '