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r HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editoh ajtd TcBtisnER. ELK COUNTY TUP, REPUBLICAN PARTY. Two Dollars ra Axhum. voir it. UIDGWAY, PA,. THURSDAY, JUNE 20, 1872. NO. 16 . l'OETJl Y. TIIR CIT.IM)I.KSS MOTHER. BIT MinV CI.EMMCR A.MH3. I l'iy my tn."kp ilown one by our, I fit in the fikiico in twillpht'r jri-nce; Out of Its shallow, (oft ami dun. Steals like a star my baby's face. Miwkinir cold are the world's poor joys How jmor to mo nil its pomp and pi ldn s In my lap lie the baby's idle toys In tbis very room tlie baby died. I will shut thepe broken toy any Under the lid where thny nintulv bide ; I will smile in the face of the noisy day, J n?t as if baby had never died. I will take up my work once more. As if I had never laid it down i Who will dream that I ever wore Motherhood's line and hoiy crown r Who will deem my life ever boro Fruit the sweeter in prief and pain t Tho flitting smile that the baby wore Outraycd the llirht of the loftiest brain. I'll meet them In the world's rude dill Who hath outlived his inotltor's kiss, Who hath forsaken her love for sin I will be F-parcd her panir In this. Man's way is hard and sore beset ; Many must fall, but few can win. Thanks, dear Shepherd I My lamb Is fafe. Safe from sorrow and safe from sin. Nevertheless, tho way is lonsr. And tears leap tip in the lijrlit of the euii ; I'd irive my world for a cradle sonir, And a kiss from baby only olio. THE STOll Y- TEL'LEli. ZALE I5IRKEMIEAD. jjuki'iiuuhu was a miser, ana no one n:. .i i .i . - attempted to deny it but Billings, tho housekeeper, Sho would not hear word ot it. " Dear Mr. Birkenhead is ono of tho ot nt'TMwil " ,.l... U 1. best ot providers," said she. " Such oceans ot garden-truck I Birkenhead was rich as well as miser ly. lliat is, ho owned houses and land: had, no one knew how much, railroad stock, had quite a respectable bank ae- -. A 1 .11 Jl - . uiiuni, aim uiu a tnnving business in tho note-shaving way. ..Moreover, ho held largo properties in trust lor non-residents, irom which ho derived honestly, ot course a consid erable income. Taken all in all, ho was comrortapjy situated. And ho had a daughter a verv charm ing daughter, Marzalia by name Zalo tor brevity and therein lay Ins weak rr i i , - . uuas. tja.us or ins gold, ana .alo was tho winner. People wondered, Zalo wondered, even Birkenhead himself wondered, and swore he never would bo fooled again, not by a dozen Zales. And Zalo laughed, showed her pretty teeth, and naa nor way. " No I say no !" thundered Mr. Birk enhead, his great lowering brows knit mis togetner, ana nis littlo gray eyes snapping ferociously. " You can't go away to school, so let this be the end of it I" D:ll- . v -ii. , -. jjimiigs overneara nis words and pi tied Alio, it was pity thrown away, for, the very next week, Zalo went, just as sho had been determined all tho whilo to do ; and Birkenhead swallowed lus wrath, and tooted tho bill. Zalo staid away until Christmas. j.iiKenuea.-t saia suo naa made won derful progress. Had ho not paid mon ey enough to make any ono progress ? But Zalo learned ono thing which was not tiught in tho regular course a study that occupied all her l'eisuro mo- incuts, and, wo feur, somo that should have been given to her other lessons. But she learned it well. Birkenhead never guessed it until one day tho postman brought, with tho other letters, ono for Zalo. lie did not need tho glasses to read the bold, mas culiue chirography, nor a soothsayer to tell him what tho letter contained. It were better not to repeat thelongand un wieldy words used on this occasion. No. body but Birkenhead could have handled them. iortunattly for Zalo she was not thero during tho heat of tho opening wrath-burst; but sho heard tho mut tering, and saw an occasional Hash, as vivid und startling as any that had passed. As usual, Birkenhead was very firm, and declared, up and down, that no man by the name of Poor should ever marrv Zale. And Zalo was also verv. very de- termined, and declared, as often as her father objected, that if she ever married B0" navo decided to drop the strange any one, his name would bo Poor, and cognomen at no distant day. It is re Alec Poor, too. pulsive in the extreme, and why any n . . . j nr ii l i l' or onco the issue anneared doubtful. 1?.., 1:ll.- 1 1 l l I jjvuii jjiumgs uecame aiarmea, ana beg ged of Zale not to exasperato dear Mr. Birkenhead, for there was no tollin what ho might do. Zalo luughed sho always did when killings attempted to correct her and, going straiirht to her father. pleaded Alec Poor's causo as eloquently us ever. Zale wrote to Alec, advising him how matters stood up at Birkenhead's, and ho very obligingly offered to come up and right them immediately ; but as his letters never went turther than the open grate in Birkenhead s private room, ho was obliged to forego that pleasure. Zale was out of patience at last ; fer that was not a very desirable correspon dence, with scores of letters to Alec, and not one" to Zalo. Hhe never doubted that Aloe wroto. Sho even went so far as to believe that her father got the benefit of tho epistles ; and, to relieve any little petty doubts sho might have. she waylaid the postman, and got a let ter. Poor Zule ! it was an unlucky move, and away up in tho attio of Birken head's house .she had ample time to re pent of it. Not that she wanted to re pent. We do not think she did ; but, after all, it was the next thing to a de feat a repulse which well might dis hearten a veteran intriguer. Birken- lead knew it. and took all the credit jo to him. He wag in ecstacies. IIo very confident that Zale could not ldOTUt long against such fearful odds, ud lmdTkuready decided that nothing tort of uucoixditional surrender could a thought of. v " It is nil very nice, and verv proper." said Hillings; "but if that girl isn't plotting mischief, then my namo ist Nancy Billings, which has been with the Birkenhoads nigh twenty year." lsirkonhoad madu light ot her tears. " Let her riot !" exclaimed he. ' And precious little good it will do" her. I'll keep her there until nho is gray, before I'll let her marrv that raseallv l'oor." non alter lalos incarceration in her attio prison, there enmo to her father a letter literally covered with postmarks. It had ix portentous look, and Birken head broko tho seal with trembling hands. At the first glitnee at the eon- tents, his face lighted up with pleasure. As he read on, a puzzled and somewhat anxious look stole into his face, and ere he finished tho letter, ho was evidently quite uneasy in his mind. ' Hillings, said he, putting tho letter aside, " did you ever hear anything of Wallrudden's marringe ?" " Wallrudden's? Never in mv life. Mr. Birkenhead." 'Nor I, Billings. But he has been married somo time, for ho writes me that his son is coming to spend the sum mer with us." " Mercy ? All summer ? " " Well, you have it as I had it. It will increase expenses somewhat : but I cannot refuse, for tho caro of Wallrud den's property is worth having,. Bil lings. I suppose tho young man" will look after it while ho is here, but I'vo got tho rents pretty well in. I wonder what sort of a chap ho is? Do you know ?" " I'm sure I never could guess. Mr. Birkenhead. But when does he come ?" " There's the trouble. Billinars. No body can tell whether tho letter came from Egypt or tho moon, nor when it was written. Wallrudden always was a bungler with his pen, but ho has beat 1.J U' At,... A.' T J. T 1 1 . himself this time. But, Billings, wo must bo ready for him." " 1 should thiuk so. But it will be nice thing for Zale." ' I don't quite soo it, Billings." ' It's a wonder ! I've been thiukin of it ever since you told mo he was com. ing. y en, out wiin it, can t you, snap. pea liiriteniiead, who detested mystery " And rather bud tor JUr. l'oor, con. tinned Billings, following up tho train of thought which tho letter had set in motion. " Come, come ! what is it ?" " yy ny, iux. isirkenhcad, don t you seb that Zale would make him a good wne " Make that rascal. Poor, a good wile . exclaimed Uirkenhcad, white with rage. " No, no, not that one," Billings has tened to say : " but V allrudden. "O h ! eiaculated Birkenhead. lump ing out ot his seat, and ordering a unit ton-chop for dinner. liillmgs had said enough, so sho left Birkenhead to his meditations, and went up to tell Zale of her new destiny. . Ml. i." 7..l ; : . i iisivcu sjLiit', in surprise. " Young Mr. Wullruddem" " AY allrudden ! Such a namo !" And Zale burst into such a hearty laugh, that Billings was more than half inclined to bo angry. i ou 11 not loel so merry when ho is your husband," said she. " V allrudden tor a husband, exclaim ed Zale, not in the least frightened. "Why, Billings, just tho namo would be sulheient grounds lor divorce. Ihon iollowed another peal of laugh ter, mora boisterous, if possible, than the first, and Billings left tho room in high dudgeon, muttering vengeanco on jalo, and that young man by tho namo ol l'oor. Poor Alec or Aloe Poor ! tho chance for a hand into the coffers looked decid edly slim, to say the least. iho day following tho receipt of the letter, jsu-Keniiead and isillings were startled by the opening of the front door, and the appearanco of a stranger in tho room. "That's ho," whispered Billings " that's Wallrudden. Just like his fath er, for all the world." Birkenhead was also verv sure that he saw a resemblance, and he advanced, with outstretched hands, to meet the new-comer. " Mr. Wallrudden, I presumo It" " Circumstances compel mo to answer to "lat name for the present," was the unexpected reply ; " but father and my. "a wtts uvur "ameu yy auruuuen is one &f Vl tltraf nmaa fli.i- n.mn A fl... f the mysteries that even old Time cannot solve. You got tho letter, Mr. Birkenhead '(" " Yes, sir," replied Birkenhead, glad so escape tho ordeal ot replying to tho first part of young Wallrudden's speech, " It camo to hand yesterday." " (July yesterday flow strange ! but tho mails are so uncertain. Don't you think so, madame '(" 1 his to iiuiings; and the good soul blushed to tho very roots of her auburn nair BIltt wished to tho land that she young ugam, " Extremely uncertain," she stammer ed ; and then rather awkwardly made her way out of the room. It Zalo don t take to that man, she s awful hard to suit," muttered the good housekeeper. " I'll havo her right down here, for there's nothing like taking Time by tho forelock." Zalo was thinking of Aleo when Bil lings burst into the room, and sho was not particularly well pleased al tho in trusion. " He's come, Zale." "IIe'f Who is he'f" " I should think vou would ask !" ex claimed the discomfit tod Billings. " Why, Mr. Wallrudden, to be sure !" "Oh I Wallrudden, eh? Well, what sort of a chap is he, Billings ?" " .aie liirkenhead "There. Billings. I'll take it back. You know what I mean. Is he hand- gome '(" " The finest-looking man I've seen this many a day." " 1 in glad of it. poor man." said Zale. " With such a horrid name, he deserves some recompense. " Wallrudden is not so bad. IIo is rich, too." " Better yet, Billings." " Well, you may say it, Zalo. But, come ; ho is waiting." " No, thank you, Billings." Billings stared. Sho did more, sho grew red in the face, and that was a bad omen. "Yon won't si-e him; then?" " Thank you all the same, Billings, but I guess I don't care about it." " Well, you will seo him, Zale Birken head, if I have to bring him hero." Zalo laughed provokingly. " I hardly think ho will caro to como here, Billings. If ho should, you know thero is a lock on tho inswln as well as outside." " You wouldn't dare, Zale you would n't dare 1" " Do not disappoint youFself, Billings," cautioned Zale, taking a key from lier drawer. Then, Zalo Birkenhead, we will break down tho door, for I am dotei- mined that you shall seo Mr. Wallrud den." " ' And the prison-doors shall open ' ' sang Zale, whilo Billings sailed out of the room, locking tho door with a sharper click than usual. The above conversation was reported terlxttim to Birkenhead, causing that worthy gentleman to make a host of threats, somo wise, but more of thorn foolish. Wallrudden chanced to over hear it, and, after Birkenhead subsided, proposed a plan ot his own. " 1 am going away in tho morning. said he, " Billings will inform Miss Birk- enhead, and her door must be accident ally left ajar. Of course, Miss Birken head will take advantage of so good an opportunity to communicate with that that Air. l'oor ; but I will take the responsibility of preventing any letter reaching that gentleman, for I shall not bo lar away. Capital!" exclaimed Birkenhead. and Billings echoed tho praise. The plan worked capitally, too. Zalo was drawn into the snare. So soon as she saw that Billings had forgotten to lock the door, she hastened to make use of tho time. Penning a Bhort note to Alec, sho donned her hat and shawl, and slipped noiselessly out of the room, down the staics, and out of tho houso by an unfrequented door. Sho had not taken a dozen steps, when young Wallrudden appeared in tho path beforo her. Zalo screamed, and turned to flee ; but ho audaciously put his arm around her; and when she lifted up her blushing and indignant face, seeking an explanation, ho stooped and kissed her. Zalo screamed louder than ever, and struggled desperately, while behind tho blinds of a window just above her were two persons acting more like crazy peo plo than the sedate Billings and tho miserly Birkenhead. They laughed, and shouted, and danced, and declared it " capital ;" and when they saw Wall rudden bringing Zalo back to the house they repeated their strango. antics, and snapped their fingers at an imaginary Alec Poor, waiting and hoping. yy allrudden s audacity seemed tor a timet 3 bo productive of no crood. for Zale positively refused to leave her room ugain while Wallrudden was in tho house. She did not adhere to her determination, however, for tho very next time that Billings neglected to lock tho door Billings had grown very for- gettul she ventured out again. W all rudden was on hand to welcome her, anu ignoring tno existence ot such a personage as Mr. Alec Poor, he made love to hor in a way that was start ling. Tho same scene was enacted almost daily after this, for Zalo rather enjoyed mis love-making, it was so charming. ly original to be taken by storm. Not that sho had forgotten poor Alec, but, you know, ho couldn't expect mo. to forego all pleasures. " It will be a match," siid Billings. " And he hasn't said a word about tho rents, said Birkenhead. " Nor Zale about that Poor." " Sho d bettor not. I knew I could cure her. " Poor man ! sighed Billings, for there was a soft spot in her heart. She hadn't forgotten another man who came so very near changing her name to well, it wasn 1 1 oor. Birkenhead paid no attention to her sympathetic mood.tor he was reckoning, tor the hundredth time, tho expense of v allrudden s visit, and tho loss, should that gentleman fail to unite his destiny with the Birkenheads. Tho sum total was fearful absolutely appalling, and tho old gentleman trembled at the dread uncertainty. IJut he was . borrowing troublo : for. that sanio evening, Wallrudden made a formal demand lor Zalo. Birkenhead was so elated, that he showed tho predominant trait of his character, selfishness, by consenting at once, without go much as a thought of tho injustice ho was doing to Zale's first love, poor Alec Poor. " W hat does the girl say ?" he asked. with an attempt at indifference. " Zalo is here," said Y allrudden. " Sho shall speak for herself." " ell, out with it " commanded Birkenhead, without looking up. Zale, thus adjured, replied, quito de murely : " It you aro willing. I guess 1 11 not object. " 1 hen you have forgotten that Poor ?" " Oh, no, father ; but I'll not wait." " Sensible at last," muttered the old man. " You might have waited until doomsday, and then lost him." Uirkeuhead wag no laggard. Any thing in hand he always pushed to the utmost, and this wodding he was de termined should not be delayed. And tho young people offered no objections : so tho wedding was set for the first dav of the following month. lime passed swittly. For once Birk enhead opened his purse strings. lie could afford it such a rich son-in-law, you know. Guests crowded the old house, servants trotting here and there to wait upon them. Zale was attired magnificently. Even Mr. Birkenhead1 ventured a now coat for the occasion and Billings brought to light an old white satin, which sho hnd kept hid away ever since that timo when she came so very near being Mrs. Somebody that was not Billings. "Capital! capital 1" exclaimed Birk enhead. "Capital I capital 1 Wallrud den, I congratulate you on the happy termination of ot " I beg your pardon, Mr. Birkenhead,' interrupted the happy bridegroom, " but you aro laboring under a great mistako, My namo is not Wallrudden." " Not Wallrudden 1 What thedickens is it, then ?" " Aleo l'oor." " Eighty-one moals,twenty-six nights' lodging, and not a cent to jour name," sighed Birkenhead, " to say nothing of the wedding expenses. allrudden be cursed, and " "A blessing for Alec," whispered .ale. He never got it, but ho did get his hands into tho Birkenhead coffers. Milk as Food. In an article on milk as a diet, in lato number of tho Oqod Health maga zine, tho writer says that as an article of diet it would appear that tho nutri tfvo value of milk, os compared with otner articles ot animal food, is not gen orally appreciated. Dr. Wiggin, of Providence, says thero is less difference between tho economical value ot milk beefsteak, eggs or fish, than is common ly supposed. The quantity of water in good milk is eighty-six to eighty-seven per centum, in j-ound steak seventy. five per centum, in fatter beef Bixty per centum, in eggs about rixty-eight per centum, r roiu several analyses recent ly made, ho estimated sirloin steak (reckoning loss from bone) at thirty- nvo cents a pound, as dear as milk at twenty-four cents a quart ; round steak at twenty cents a pound, as dear as milk nt fourteen cents a quart ; eggs at thirty cents a dozen, as dear as milk at twenty cents a quart ; corned beef at lourtoen cents, as dear as milk at fifteen cents. Tho result from these deductions seems to bo that milk even at fifteen cents a quart is tho cheapest animal food that can be used. The writer also says that in order to render milk moro digestible, its particles should bo divided, which can bo effected by bread, or somo other farinaceous article. When cooked with rice and eggs frice puddinsrl. it lorms tne type ot a proper lood ; con taining nitrogen, phosphates and starch. Milk, when used as a drink, should be boiled, then diluted with water. About Quicksilver. Ono of tho most curious properties of MU.VR3U,C1 ID 1L3 UUIJUUlllLV Ul UlSStlVlI! C jl luimiug amalgams wim otner metals. A sheet of gold-foil dropped into Quick silver disappears almost as quickly as a snow-ilako when it falls into water. It has the power of separating or of readily dissolving those refractory metals which aro not acted upon by our most power ful acids. The gold and silver miners pour it into their machines holding tho powdered gold-bearing quartz, and al though no human oyo can detect a trace ot tho precious substances, so fino aro the particles, yet tho liquid metal will hunt it out and incorporate it into its mass. By subsequent distillation it yields it into tho hands of tho miners in a state of virgin purity. Several years ago, wniio lecturing boloro a class of ladies upon chemistry, we had occasion to purify some quicksilver by forcing it through chamois leather. The scrap re mained linon tho table after thn lnnt nro and an old lady, thinking it would bo very nico to wrap her gold spectacles in, accordingly appropriated it to this pur pose. Tho next nioming sho camo to lis in great alarm, stating that tho gold had mysteriously disappeared, and nothing was left in tho parcel but the glasses. Sure, enough, tho metal re maining in the pores of tho leather had amalgamated with the gold, and entire ly destroyed tho spectacles ! It was a mystery, however, which wo could never explain to her satisfaction. Dr. Nichoh's Eiresule Science. Lady Journalists In Washington. Washington is becoming a great centre for lady writers and journalists. In the latter arena they are entering for all the prizes. Mrs. Harriet Prescott Spofford, Gail Hamilton, Mrs. Clemmer Ames, Mrs. Anna F. Stephens, Mrs. Mary A. Dennison, and Mrs. Southworth. are all domesticated in Washington, the last two altogether and tho others coming every Congressional season. Among the resident correspondents and professional journalists are Mrs. Helen M. Barnard, whose sketches of House proceedings for tho New York Herald have been recog nized as evincing high capacity for a difficult branch of professional labor. Mrs. Briggs (Olivia), of the Philadelphia Press; Mrs. Haven, literary editor of tho Chronicle ; Miss Austine Snead (Miss Grundy) of the World : Mrs. Scribner. of the Indianapolis Journal, and Miss iconena A. 'lay lor, daughter of the able microscopist, of the Agricultural De partment, whoso remarkable investiga tions into the fungoid disease of the vino, efc., are attracting tho attention of pomclogists everywhere Miss Tay lor is a trequent contributor to the loal press, and writes easily and well on many topics. Mrs. Dorsev. Marv A. Nealey, Mrs. Ingersoll, and others, not r ; i. I.. . . , pruiessiouai journalists, dui wnose pens help to freshen the columns of the ash ington press, reside there. Miss Celia IjO: jogan is still editorially attached to the 'apital. Miss Vinnie Ream will soon C publish a little book t travel, sketches and poems. There seems to be an unusual anxiety nowadays to save the lives of murderers. The minions of the law will neither compass their death nor allow them the privilege of doing it themselves. A wretch in Peoria, Illinois, who had slain one wife and obtained another in Ken tucky, tried to poison himself a few days ago, but was prevented. His wife had kindly furnished him with a dose of corrosive sublimate, but was disappoint ed by the meddling officers. Poisonous Nature of Tobacco. Tobacco in its ordinary Btato tho " phig " which you have in your pockets here to-night is a powerful poison. It will do what few other nnisons will do. I do not now speak of the oil of tobacco. I do not speak of nicotine, a single drop of which put upon the tongue of a cat will kill her in two minutes : three drops of which put upon the tongue of a bun dog will kill him so quick he will hardly get out of your arms in his strug gles, and ten drops of which will kill a cow inside of ten minutes. I am not talking of these things at all, although nicy are an m tobacco : but to-night am talking of tobacco in tho form of the original " plug." Now, gentlemen, let me suppose an experiment. I call from this audience a boy ten years old, ono who has never used tobacco. " Charles, will you help us make an experiment here to-night?" " les, sir. "I will give you fifty dollars if you win go tiirough it like a plucky man." i win, sir. " The experiment is this. There is a largo pioe of tobacco as largo as a nea. Put that in your mouth ; chow it ; don't let one drop go down your throat; spit uvci-jr urop imo mat; spittoon ; Dut keep on chewing : don't stop, just chew steadily." lieiore ho is done with that piece of ioducco, as large as a pea, simply squeezing the juice out of it without swallowing a drop, ho lies here upon tne piattorni in a cold, death-like pers piration : he vomits the contents of his stomach ; put your fingers upon his wrist, there is no pulse : and so he seems for two or three hours as though he wero dying, or, perchance, dead. bteep a small pieco of tobacco in a quart ot water, and bathe the neck or back of a calf that may be troubled with vermin. You will kill the vermin, but if you aro not careful you will kill tho calf too. Now, gentlemen, go to your dru stores, begin with tho upper shelves and taKo down every bottle, and then open every drawer, and you cannot find :le poison (except somo very rare ones winch vou never heard ot) wlunh. taiten into tne moutn ot that ten year .. , . . ' oia ooy ana not swallowed, will pro duco thosfr1 effects. Tobacco, then, I re peat, in its ordinary state is an extreme ly powerful poison. Dr. Dio Lack. Live Jewels. All Nature is mado to contribute to women's love of self-adornment. Tho demands vary according to tho grado of cunuro or tue caprice ot tho reigning fashion. Tho savago is content with the bones, teeth, and heads of animals. tho feathers of birds, and the shells of snails and hshes to adorn the head, ears, nose, neck, arms, and girdle. With tho women ot the cultured world nothing, perhaps, is mado to contributo so lare-o ly to gratify tho vanity as tho richTv- colored birds. Whole birds of paradise and other species, and tho feathers of the ostrich, peacock, marabout, and many other birds, aro mado to serve as ornaments for tho head. But it is' not generally known that tho Mexican vvo men of tho wealthier classes uso as orna ments, on extraordinary occasions, livo fireflies, which, in tho dark, emit a bright, phosphorescent light. They bolonsr to tho family of leaping or springing beetles, and are called by tho Spanish cncu0. in order to catch theso bugs, tho Indians fasten a livo coal to a stick, and move it to and fro in tho dark. The cucujo thinks this bright point a rival, and, in his anger, darts toward it, and finds tho gravo of his liberty in the hand of the Indian. Tho Indians find a ready salo for thtim in tho larger cities, where they are bought by tho wealthy ladies at about two reals (twehty-fivo cents) a dozen. They aro kept in elegant little cages, and fed on slices of sugar-cane, and bathed twice a day, either by tho ladies themselves or by their maids. In the evening they are put into little sacks, shaped like roses, and attached to tho ladies' dresses. Tho light theso little bugs emit surpasses in brilliancy tho reflection of tho purest diamonds. The daily bath they receive is absolute ly necessary, as without it they would emit no light, which is sometimes strong enough, it is said, to read by. A Word About Water. It is now a point pretty well estab lished that dysentery, typhoid fever, and other fatal diseases, possibly cholera among them, aro caused by animal and vegetable substances disEolved in the water. Therefore, all supplies of water for drinking and culinarv or bathinc purposes should be carefully inspected. All wells should be well covered. No sewer should be near a well, aud the wash of all accumulations of tilth should be carefully prevented from being car ried into any water supply for tho houso. It is well to remember that wo may get accustomed to drinking impure water and not know it, unless other senses than taste are consulted. A proper attention to this subject, and a determination to use only wholesome water, would not nlv prevent manv diseases, lint nffpn save the lifo of some belovedjmember of the family. These sensible things are said by Dr. A. L. Wood, editor of the Herald or' Health, and ho tells in the lubioinod summary " How Water Gets Foul": 1. The water which falls from the clouds becomes foul by fulling through the smoky, dirty air, and by the matter from the roofs of houses on which it falls. Spring and river water becomes foul by freshets. o. Well water is contaminated by sur face impurities, sewerage, cesspools, and by the soil through which tho source of supply is accumulated. 4. Kiver water is spoiled tor domestic uses by the refuse of slaughter-houses, gas-works, and the various manufactures that pour their refuse into it. 3. Cistern water gets filthy by the settling of such impurities as are washed from the roof, by leaks in the pipe, and by not being well covered. Dependence is a poor trade. Fidelity. To sucoocd in any undertaking wo must enter into it in earnest, giving it our interest and deepest thoughts. The young man starting in life shows in tho outset what his course will bo. If ho shows fidelity to his -choice of occupa tion, ne makes it a pioasant ana profita ble employment j but by restless wan dering, to the neglect of imperative du ties, ho finds tho road marked out f weary, toiling journey. Look at the many who havo risen by their industry mm iiuunuy m occupy tne position oi our wealthiest men. Their success was the reward of truo fidelity. They start ed witn tne determination to succeed, and were not to be stopped by any dif- ncuities in tneir way by remaining nrm in tno discharge ot every duty, they overcame obstacles which would have quelled loss ardent spirits. Another typo of fidelity is that truo bond of friendship existing between two of congenial thoughts and feelings that love which exists even after ad versity comes and fato seems to have forsaken them, and the dark clouds of 8oitow hang heavy and close around. How refreshing it is sometimes, when looking around on tho deception prac tised, ot wnicn we see so much, to meet one of the kind described. We have ro much of professod friendship and so lit- uo real mat wo are led to wonder at tho familiar and old quotation, "A friend in need is a friend indeed." as at our Great est need we often find our friends out or otherwise engaged. . So goes the regular routine of life. Rare as they are, yet we moot sometimes men, noble in their actions, lifting from tho depths into which he hos fallen, one whose only claim is a friendshiii formed long ago, which years of probably en . : ... -i i . . ... ui a separation iaiieu to quencn. H e grieve that tnis is so rare an instance. that we are often left to deplore tho loss of a lriendship wo prizo lost through mo cuanges or a cnangeablo world. But wo will not dwell on tho dark sido of life's bright pictures. We rather liko to float pleusautly down tho stream, closing our eyes to tho rocks lying urouuu us, wnno we revel in the Bweet communion with friunds who have proved their true fidelity to friend ship. We aro taught many beautiful les. sous from tho fidelity of tho animal. Notice tho peculiar attachment of a dog to its master. They frequently cast reflections, by their dumb intellect. on us of bright intelligence, by their nnenty ana acts ot kindness, which wo so often tail to perform for each other. How anxious we should bo to culti vate a truo and upright mind one abovo tho meanness of betraying trust reposod. Try to benefit our fellow-be ings, practicing in all our actions the golden rulo : " Do ye unto others as ye would they should do unto vou." and having, by an approving conscience, tho reward ot truo fidelity. Japanese Manners ami Customs. Tho Japancso never smoko opium. They havo small pipes that will hold threo good whiffs, and of tho mildest Turkish tobacco. They havo a club house in Yokohama, of which tho high officials aro members. They have none at Yeddo, tho capital. They havo tho games of chess, cards, and dominoes. Their cards are different from ours, but the essential principles of tho game are tho samo. Latterly they havo become largo importers of billiard-tables, and tho game is fast assuming there high rank. They aro great wrestlers, and every year tho champion wrestler wins tho embroidered apron, which ho is al lowed to wear one year. No Japanese is allowed to cut down a tree unless he plants another. Under the law, tho mother is hold responsible for tho e-ood conduct of her children. If a troublo occurs in tho street, tho parties living opposite are held responsible for it. Of course, they try to mako tho parties "move on" and stop tho row. Tho idea is, that every citizen must be a policeman. All married women havo their eyebrows shaved. Married men havo no distinctive mark. The Japan ese are a jolly party. They have their illustrated Punch ; besides that, sixteen newspapers, with threo English the Herald, the Mail, and the Nem publish ed in -Yokohama. The present emperor is the one hundred and twenty-fourth in regular line. In these generations there have been eight females. The present emperor, Moutsouhito, is six foot high, twenty-two years old, and a fino specimen of a man. Instinct or Reason. A naturalist travelling in the West of Scotland observed a singular mode of obtaining food adopted by tho tho Arctic tern, of the island of Benbecula. He says : On coining within sight of tho first ford, I observed between twenty and thirty terns quietly sitting on the banks of tho salt-water stream ; but the moment they saw us approaching they rose On wing to meet us, and then hov ered gracefully above our heads as the pony stepped into the water. As soon as the wheels of the conveyance were fairly into the stream, the terns poised their wingj for a moment, then precipi tated themselves with a splash exactly aVovo the wheel tracks, and at once rose, each with a wriggling sand-eel in its bill. At the next ford a similar scone was ropeated by another group of Arctic terns, which wo found there awaiting the arrival of some friendly travellers. In both these cases the bird showed no fear, but dexterously caught their prey, though repeatedly struck at with the whip. Twico over, by stretching out my arm, I nearly caught ono of them as it poised itself for a plunge. On making particular inquiry, I was told by many of tho inhabitants of both islands that this habit of tho tern is a constant en tertainment to those who cross tho fords in wheeled conveyances. Five of the Indian tribes in Alabama are civilized, temperate, intelligent, and pious. They havo a population of titty five thousand souls, of whom ten per cent, are converted Christians. Facta and Figures, . You must be a friend to yourself, and others will bo. A Detroit colored doctor refuses to attend white patients. There are 40,000,000 bottles of Catawba wine in Cincinnati cellars. A Chicago lady 72 years old is tho mother of a baby aged 10 days. Shrewd Illinois farmers have taken to raising wolves for tho purpose of getting the bounty on their scalps. Go not for every grief to the physi cian, for every quarrel to the lawyer, nor for every thirst to the alo-pot. Tho negroes have commenced bui'd ing a new town between Birmingham and Elyton, Alabama, which is known as Boconsidcs. A foolish woman in Des Moines got up in her sleep, tho other night, and walked into a well thirty foot deep. Tho locust eggs are poisoning mul berries in Tennessee by being deposited in them, and tho mulberries aro poison ing children by the same process. Some jocose fellows in Newborn, Ind., robbed a friend in tho night for a joke, and paid a heavy fine tho next day in earnest. Tho friend had no Bense of humor. An Iowa paper says tho grasshoppers and potato bugs mot in joint conven tion at Council Bluffs the other day. Thoy decidod to reject tho ono term principle. A Boston woman claims to have road last year fifty metaphysical and scientific works, as many more of history and belles-lettres, besides 500 novels, plays, and poems. A man in Kansas lately rode twelve miles after being bitten by a rattlesnake before ho could get medical assistance. He did it in less than an hour and his life was saved. If you would live to purpose, and live long, livo industriously, temperately, regularly, all tho whilo maintaining a conscience void of oflonoo toward God aud toward man. The Marianna (Flu.1 CovrW gnvs that tho county jail of Calhoun county has not had an inmate in over four yoors, and tho county Commissioners havo de cided to let it bo used for a better pur posea corn crib. It haa accordingly been converted" into that useful adjunct to a farm. A few days since tho surveyor of high ways in Danvillo, N. H., notified a wo man having a tax of four cents to ap pear near the Union Church on a cer tain day, at an appointed hour, then and thero to work out her tax. Accord ingly at tho appointed timo and place sno appeared, armcu with a hoo, and toiled until her tax was cancelled, about fifteen minutes. There is a camp of gypsies at Sprinr- fiold, 111., who have annually visited that pluco for many years. They aro said to bo quiet, inoffensive, honest, and industrious. They havo employed the rector of St. Paul Episcopal Church to marry three couples, and to baptizo seven children. They incline, therefore, to tho doctrines of the Protestant Epis copalians. The Kentucky Legislature, in order to check tho practice of opium eating in that State, has passed a bill that, on suitable affidavit, any person who, through excessive uso of opium, arsenic, hasheesh, or any drug, has become in competent to manage himself or his es tate, may bo conhned in an asylum and placed under guardianship, as in the case of drunkards or lunatics. It is bad business attempting to set matters ri-ht with a revolver, especially if one is unpractised with that dangerous implement. A young man in Saginaw, Mich., endeavored, tho other day, to clear his sister's reputation by shooting her traducer, who chanced at tho mo ment to be one of a group of three. The excited young man shot both the others, and the traducer escaped shot- free. We have a little story for boys with a nice moral to it. Littlo Johnny Moore, away out in Monroe, Mich., went to a picnic last week, and like a foolish littlo boy that ho was, tried to smoke a cigar. It made him sick, of course, aud he threw himself on tho wet grass and lay there a long time. The result was ho had con gestive chills and died. It is a sad story, and the moral is that you can go to piccics if your parents are willing, but you had better not try to smoko cigars, and by all means don't lie on the wot grass. We trust that the business of finding petrified giants has received a salutary check this timo. The man that tried it lately in New Hampshire has como to grief. Somo miserable employees of a railroad, who assisted at dead of night in planting tho graven imago beneath tho honest farmer s apple, turned traitor and exposed the littlo game. The hon est farmer was thoroupon arrested, and has been mulcted in the sum of 400 for trying to obtain money under falso pre tences in his attempt to sell the giant. we trust that this will bo a warning and that no daring mortal wilt any longer abuse our patience with tho dis covery of Curditt giants. There is a good deal of dry hiynor in the American prots. The following ex tract from the Louisville Courier is a gem in its way : " Tho New York A'mw, which is seldom satisfied with things, objects to the proportions of a rattle snake recently seen in Carter County, in this State, and described as reaching from ono side of the road to the other, while its body was as big as an ordinary churn. The Sun says ' that was a very badly-proportionod snake,' and that ' it should have been a good deal longer or else a good deal thinner.' SVe should like to know who is running the snakes of this State, herself or the editor of the New York Bun. W7hen things come to such a pass that New York arrogates to herself the right to dictate to Kontucky " the size and shape of her serpents, it is high time for the trumpet to sound to arms and for the sword to leap from its scabbard,"