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) . ( , ( -. ( f 0- HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher; ELK COUNTY THE HZPUELICAX PARTY, TWO DoIiARS tEB ANNTJiL Jt HM mi. i VOL. II. RIDGWAY, PA,. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1872. 0. 28. poet it r. OXLY A LOCKET. DT LDWAfiD ELLIS. Only n little trinket I tvetir in my boom, my dear. Ah yon wonlcl scarcely think 1U How Ion? it ha vested tliorc. Nle-ht nTi'l dny I hav worn It, Thee thirty years and tnnrr I did not think to hare bom; It So Ion? with a hea't po oro. t i'era few days lncc we parted IIo sailed for a 'av-otT clime ; At first t kept bravcluai ted. And patiently bore the time. And hi letter? rame to cheer me, Always tender and true, To read them brought him near me. And hie voire seemed near to me, ten. At ltt t camo a lime of waiting And silence hard to bear ; My heart would keep debating What charms inijrht bold Ljm ther. Then I blamed mysc f t?o thlnkiuir, And 1 1'carcd he niut bo ill. And I felt my hopes keep shrinking, iiut I sustain 'd them 'J.iU News came X would not receive It, They mill that my lovu was dead I could not would not bellevo it, No matter what wa faid. IIo would come, fomo coldcn morning, And take mc to bis Mde i I would ffut my bride'r. nrionilnff, Heady to bo a bride. Aii. the weary months went over, Tue weary years drauR'd by, lint no mor, ing brought my lorcr. And still alone was I. Slowly I jrrew to think it, Grew to know it mu-t bo; From that day thN little trinket. His farewell gilt to me. Has never been from my bosom. And I wieh that when I die. Like a -weet perennial blof-fom, It still on my breast may lie. ' i he sto a r teller. THE GENTEEL ttlDOW. Not very long ago iv lady, in widow's wends, accompanied by u gentleman said to bo her brother, came to New York, and engaged a house in Fourth Street, Her rich dress and refiuemmt of manner, combined with great person al attractions, rendered her neighbors most desirous of obtaining an introduc tion to her, and curiosity was rife as to where she came from and who she was. Her brother, for he really stood in that relationship to her, was a young man enjoying the command of re;idy money to a considerable amount, who easily inado acquaintances among others of his own age. His manners were very pleas ing, and his demeanor wits polished, while his attire, though extremely quiet and unpretending, wrs always in the best possiblo taste. So favorable was tho impression which he created in the minds of his new friends, that several ot them invited him to their own homes, and in a short time his cirelo of inti mates increased to such a degree that he, in his turn, was enabled to give re ceptions in Fourth Street. His namo was Vaughan, and his Bis ter had been married to a colonel in the Confederate army, who had been killed in action during tho war. Young Vaughan succeeded to a handsome com petence on the death of his father ; nud Col. Wilson, who had also been ft man of property, had left sufficient behind him to support his widow in a manner becoming his position. This ttlo was supported by the evidence of two or three other young men, frequently to be met in Vaughan's apartments, who were also from the South, and was so fully borne out by all the circumstances of the period and their mode of life, that tho brother and sister were tacitly per mitted to take their place in society us fashionable people. Among many others who visited Mrs. Wilson was a Mr. Johnson and his fam ily, who possessed a largo store on Broadway. To this gentleman the wid ow was especially attentive, and vowed that her purchases for tho future should be made from no other person than him self. Day after day she visited his store and bought largely, invariably paying ready uiouev, until his confidence in her was fully established, and he told her that he should bo most happy to give her credit, if at any time it might be more agreeable to her. She replied that she was only a woman, and conse quently knew nothing of business, so she preferred to pay at once, that alio miglit. know exactly how t-ho was situ ated, but promised to avail herself of this kind offer bhould she ever feel the need ot it. One benefit there was, how ever, which he could confer on her. Would ho be so kind us tot-how her over his store ' Sue had never had un op portunity before of beComingHCquaiuted with the resources f so large an estab lishment. Mr. Johnson, only too wil ling to be polite to so excellent a cus tomer, immediately acceded to her request, and laid his treasures bare be fore ber, and exhibited some of tho most costly goods. She asked at what hour business was commenced, at what hour concluded; and after thanking him sincerely for his courtesies, took her leave. It was not long before the worthy merchant had cause to regret this mo ment of weakness, and subsequent events proved to him how easy it is for a good-looking woman to cajole a man, however wide-awake he may be. New York at thistime was infested by a gang of rogues who had introduced a new system of shoplifting, and had success fully victimized many of the larger storekeepers in tho city. As their course of action was entirely fresh, a new name had to be invented for them, and they were christened " sneak " thieves by the police, from the cunning way in which they effected their depredations and the difficulty experienced in detecting them. Mr. Johnson, who but a few days be fore had been boasting of his immunity from theft, was much annoyed when on arriving one morning at Lis store he was informed by his managing; man that some very valuable articles had been abstracted during tho night or early iu the morning. The goods were gafrt enough when the store was closed on the preceding evening, as ho had himself seen them, but wero missing when tho clerks arrived in tho morning, ilr. Johnson at once called iu tho po lice, and an experienced detective was sent to gather all the information on the subject he could. On hearing the cir cumstances of tho case, this gentleman at once recognized tho agency of a sneak thief, and imported his suspicion's to the proprietors) of the store, and his reasons lor them. " I should like to have a few words with j our porter," ho said. " Certainly ; but I hope you don't suspect him, as ho is uu old favorite, and has been in our employ for years." " Not in the least j tout I fancy he can help us for all that. Did you ever hear of a Riieak thief, sir r" " No. What are they Y' " If you will send for the porter, and slay here while I question him, you wiU soon understand Unit." . The porter shortly entered the room, looking very much alarmed, lie had heard of tho robbery, and that a police officer was eh seted with Mr. Johnson, and naturally feared that ho had tulleii under suspicion. The first words of the detective, however, relieved him lroui all approben.-iuii on that score. " Now, my mau, 1 want to ask you a few questions, an 1 you must answer me caretully. Don't be lrightened; wo know that you have had nothing to do with this robbery, but I fancy you can help me in finding out who has." " Very good, sir ; but I don't know how." " Who closed tho warehouse last night ':" I did, sir." " Are you certain that all was securely fastem d " " Exactly the same us every other night." ' And the fastenings had not been tampered with in any way when you undid them this morning '(" " No, sir." " Well, now, who was the first person to whom you spoke to-day r" "I think it was Mr. ." (Naming one of the clerks ) " Ah, but thinking won't do. Did not any one speak to you, or ask any ques tion ot you '(" "Yes, a gentleman did ask mo what time Mr. Jokuson usually came to the store, us he wanted to see him about some ordi n." " What sort of a man was he ? Can you describe him ':" " lie was a young gentleman, very pleasant-spoken, dark, with a mous tache, and very well dressed. Ho said he came from the country, uud was traveller to a firm in the same line as ours, who were going to buy largely from us." " Was he alone ?" " No, thero were two others with him, sir, both nice looking young gents." " Did he come in r" " O, yes, he came in ; I had just opened the door, and was sweeping tho floor, so ho walked straight up to me, and" ' Did his friends come in, too Y' " I'm not quite suro of that, but 1 think they must have, as it was raining, and they wouldn't btand out in the wet." " Should you know them again, if yo'i saw them '(" " I bhould know two of them the one who spoke to mo and another, who had a carpet-bag iu his bund. IIo walked a little lame." " That'll do, porter ; you need not say any thing outside, but I'm afraid, wo have not learned much." " All right, sir." As soon as he had gone, the detective turned to Mr. Johnson and said : " You will soon get your property back, I ex pect, sir. Those three men are sneak thieves, and if they are tho tame I be lieve them to be, I think I know them. They always pursue the same plan. First of all they discover from a confed erate, generally a female, tho place where the best booty is to be most eas ily obtained. They then rise early in the morning, and wait outside until the porter opens-the door, taking great care t hat no ono is observing them. One then enters, and addresses the porter, telling hi in some such tale as this fellow told yours, and while he is talking the other two adroitly slip whatever they can into a bag which tbey have with them, and decamp as soon as it is tilled. They are always well dressed, and would appear to be thorough gentlemen to those not conversant with their tricks, and men tion that they have just come up from tho country, in order to account for their being about so early in the morn ing. You will hardly believe it, per haps ; but thieves carry about with them external marks of their profes sion, which to a detective officer are unmistakable. For instance, they have a peculiar walk, and movement of the arms ; they are generally ungloved, and carry nothing in their hands, while they are continually glancing on one side or the other, to see if they are being watched. I would guarantee to pick a thief out from among one hundred hon est men, let his general appearance be what it may." The detective then took his departure, promising to communicate again with Mr. Johnson as soon as he had any thing of importance to tell him, and Eroceeded to headquarters to report. He ad observed three young men frequent ly walking about together, and friim their general appearauce had set them down in his own mind as thieres of some sort or other, although he knew nothing positively against them. He was irresistibly reminded of the trio by the robbery iu Broadway j and the de scription given by the porter of the man who conversed with him coincided re markably with one of them who had attracted his especial notice. He deter mined, therefore, to keep a sharp look out and trace them home, should he again run against them. Mr. Johnson, meanwhile, after attend ing to several matters of business, start ed to go up town, and on his way met young Vaughan, who seemed strangely excited at the encounter. IIo turned, however, at Mr. Johuson's request, and listened attentively to his account of the robbery, expressing a hope that tho per petrators would soon bo brought to jus tice. Ha did uot seem very well pleased, nevertheless", when ho heard that the de tective conceived that he already had a clue, and was unable to conceal his agitation when his companion remarked in a whisper : ' Do you see that man ' he isttio officer whom I have engaged ; it is quite singular that we should meet him." Vaughan suddenly remembered that ho had furgotten a commission entrust ed to him by his sister, and hastily bid ding Mr. Johnson "Good-by," hurried off in an opposite direction. Tho detective immediately came up aud asked his employer who the gentle man was who had just left him ; and, on hearing that he was. a friend of the fam ily, gave a long, low whistlu expressive of the must intense surprise. "Where does ho live, sir? I'm suro I have seen his face somewhere." " At No. Fourth Street. Why do you ask r" " O, simple curiosity ; it's a way wo have," and he, too, left tho puzzled mer chant. Tho latter sdowly continued his jour ney, and racked his brain to elucidate the mystery of Vaughan 8 sudden de parture, bat it never occurred to him to attribute it to tho coining in sight of the detective. As he was in good time, and was obliged to puss Fourth Street on his way, he made up his mind to call upon Mrs. Wilson, and, if ho found her brother there, to ask him the cause, fear ing that he had offended him. The widow was sitting in her drawing-room, and displayed a great deal of pleasure at seeing her visitor, aud sym pathized most heartily with him when he narrated his l?ss to her. Sho asked him a great many questions as to tho opinion of the detective, uud was hardly less confused than her brother had been when Mr. Johnson alluded to the prob ability of a speedy captureof the offend ers, aud added that his porter could swear to ono at least of the gang. Mrs. Wilson at this juncture became so alarmingly pule that ho feared sho was about to faint, and sprang up to open tho window and admit fresh air. As he rose from his chui r the door was violently opened, and Vaughan burst into tho room, his clothes disordered, his face heated, and his whole aspect de noting great anxiety. Seeing Mr. John son, he hesitated, aud a look of intelli gence and alarm was exchanged between himself and Mrs. Wilson. IIo then, by a great effort, partially recovered his composure, apologized for tbe mode of his entrance, and said that he had ex pected to sco his sister alone, aud had something of importance to say o her. The merchant immediately prepared to leave, and had exchanged tarewells with tho widow when the door again opened, and to his am.izcincnt his warehouse porter entered, w.th a letter in his hand, and gave it to him without saying a word. After obtaining leave from tho lady Vaughan had moved to the window, and was looking out with his back to the rest he broke tho seal, aud read the following line in pencil, " Don't leave the room till I couie !" written upon a card beaiing tho detective's name. Though ho could not for the lif of him guess at the meaning of tho above, ho determined to do as he was bidden if possible, and contented himself with nodding to his porter, mid saying, "Tell the geutlcraan to be quick, then." The porter vanished, and Mr. Johnson, although feeling acutely the awkward ness ot the situation, did tho best thing he co ill do under the circumstances, and asked Vaughan wherefore he "left him so abruptly in tho street. The for mer endeavored to make some reply, but his nervousness increased so paint'ully that it was incoherent. Once again the door opened, but this time it was tho detectivo who appeared, closely followed by a couple of police men. Advancing straight to where Vaughan stood, apparently transfixed with fear, ho laid his hand on his shoul der and said : " Will you coma quietly ' or must I use force Y" To the dismay of Mr. Johnson, who expected an outburst ot passion, Vaugh an as':ed, in a trembling voice : " What is it you want me for '" "Rubbery of nine thousand dollars' worth of goods from this gentleman's store. Have you any thing to Bay about it '(" " Not to you." Ami he held out his hands for the handcuffs. During this scene no one had thought of Mrs. Wilson, but their attention was now called to her by a heavy tall upon the floo', and they perceived that the unfortunate lady had fainted away. Mr. Johnson, as soon as he could breatho again, demanded from the police officer the meaning of this intrusion, insisted upon it that there was some mistake, and attributed the agitation of Vaughan aud his sister to the horror they telt nt a charge of this sort being brought against a gentleman. Tlw detective, without saying a word, fitted tho haudcuffo on the young man's wrists, and signed to the policeman to remove both from the room. As soon as the door closed behind them (Mrs. Wilson was carried out) he smiled aud said : " I know well enough what I am about, sir, but did not like to arrest friends of yours uutil I had satisfied myself that I was not wrong iu my sus picious. Vaughan is the man who held your porter iu conversation while his confederates were securing the plunder, and from aH accounts it seems they knew where togo. Mrs. Wilson was often iu your store, I aiu told ; cau you tell me whether she seemed to examino the place at all?" Iu a moment a light broke over the mind of Mr. Johnson, and ho remem bered his interview with the widow a few days before. " Why," he said, I showed her all over the store myself. What a fool I must have been i" "Ah," said the detective, laughing, " it's the old game, after all. I thought so; a tlever woman is always to be found in conjunction with those fel lows." " Well, I could forgive the sister; sho may have been led away ; but us for her brother" " Lord bless you sir, he is iio more ber brother than you are ; all we have to do is to sit still, and we chall havo tho rest ot the gang here. When I left you I ran off to your store, after setting a watch on the house, and brought tho porter back with me. I was at a stand still for a moment, as to the best step to take next, wtnm I was told that you had gone into the house. I then scribbled the note and sent it up, to enablo your mau to take a look at tho prisoner, as I did not wish to make a mistake, and also to detain you iu tho rooiu in caso they nhould attempt to escape. Ho swore positively to him, although he only saw his back, and on his doing so I came up myself, and the rest you know, as far as this house is concerned. I dis patched one of my men to make inqui ries of several of the leading railway ticket offices, and from his report I have good reason to believe that tho whole party meditated an emigration to souio of tho largo cities out West to-morrow. So we have only just had time to put the stopper upon them." Mr. Johnson, burning with indigna tion at discovering the real character ot the people he had been associating with, rcpoived to stay and see the end of tho whole affair. In tho course of' an hour tho frout door-bell rang violently, aud two young men, of eminently gentlemanly exterior, were ushered into the room. Seeing two strangers seated there, they wo e consitlerably astonished, and muttered something about expecting to find Mr. Vaughan. "All right, sir," said tho detective ; " I will lead you to him w hen I have had a moment's conversation with you. Bo kind enough to allow me " and he advanced with handcuffs in either hand. Thoy attempted to bluster; but on being told that the "game was up," and Vaughan in custody, they subsided and looked very blank inded. In a few moments they were all conveyed to pris on, before itny intimation of the occur rence had reached the ears of the neigh borhood. One thing remained to bo done, and that was to uscertain the whereabouts of tho stolem property. The amount must be, nil agreed, very great, to havo ena bled tho conspirator to keep up so good a stylo. This difficulty was easily solved. One of the policemen on watch had ob served tho young men issue from ahouso a few doors distant from tho one occu pied by Vaughan iwiil bis sister. On repairing thither startling revelations took place. It was found that Mrs. Wilson had been the manageress of a baby institation, and derived largo profit therefrom. How she obtained the children is and ever will bo a mystery. Certain it is that the police when they searched tho house discovered several infants, and all tho necessary appliances for many more. Tho nurse in charge (lor the babies were well tended) im plied that a great number had been sent away at various times, aud the only probable solution of this strange matter was that there existed in New York a class of people who were ablo and wil ling to pay heavy premiums to unyper-' sou charitable enough to relieve them from tho trouble of rearing their off spring. Iu the lower up irtments valu ables of all kinds were brought to light, such us silks, jewelry, gold ornaments, &c, and for many of them owners were found. The three young thieves are all under going long sentences, but tho iniplica tijn of Mrs. Wilson (who was really well born, and tho .widow of a colonel) was Ho easy matter, with such consummate tact had she acted her part. She did not, however, escape scot-free, as Mr. Johnson, to his own chagrin, learned that the fir widow had availed herself of his kind offer a few days previously, and had succeeded in obtaining a quan tity of goods on credit, that wero lost to him forever. For obvious reasons we have sup pressed tho real names of the chief ac tors in this little comedy ; but our read ers may rest assured that in every other respect the tale is strictly true. Human Skill. Two curious needles are owned respec tively by the King of Prussia and the Queen of England. The first was man ufactured in tho presence of its present owner, the King of Prussia, while he was visitiug a needle manufactory iu his kingdom, in order to see what ma chinery, combined with the human hand, could produce. Ho was shown a number of superfine needles, thousands of which together did not weigh half an ounco, aud marvelled how such minute articles could bo pierced with an eye. But he was to see that in this respect even something still finer, and more perfect, could be created. The borer that is, the workman whose business it is to bore the eye in tho needle asked for a hair from tho monarch's head. It was readily given, and with a smile. He placed it at once under the boring machine, and then handed the singular needle to the astonished king. The second curious noedlo, now in possession of Queen Victoria, was made at tho celebrated needlo factory at Red ditch, and represents the column of Trajan in miniature. This well-known l'.oman column is adorned with numer ous scenes, in sculpture, which will im mortalize Trajan's heroic actions in war. On this diminutive needlo, scenes iu the lite of Queen Victoria are represented in relief, but so finely cut, aud so small, that it requires a magnifying glass to see them. The Victoria needle, more over, can be opened. It contains a number of smaller needles which are equally adorned with scenes iu relief. A Detroit gentleman, one hun Ired and five years old, has lately been troubled with a failing in his eyesight, and his doctor thinks it is the result of smoking to excess for the last ninety yoarg or so. Bringing Matters to a Crisis. A correspondent tells tha following story : On a farm not many miles from Ashtabula there resided until recently a brown-haired, blue-eyed, fair-com-plexioned, buxom country maiden, who would h-ive been happy as tho day is long, but for the fact that Josiah , a bashful country lad, the owner of a largo farm aud a littlo colored mous tache, the admiration of tho girls and the envy of the boys for miles uround, had been persistently courting her at the paternal mansion for two years, but could never be brought to propose. Yet Josiah wanted the girl as bad, if not worse, than tho girl wanted him ; and he was always on the point of say ing something, but never yet had it got to his expectant listener's ears. At length, at the end of the two years, Mary Ann got so excited over it that she oould hardly wipe her mother's dishes, while Josh would stop and lean upon his hoe in the corn-field and think to himself, "Why am I such a born fool ? I really think she'd have me if I only had gumption enough to ask her." With this ho resolved to tako her to ride that very day, and have a settlement ouce for all. At first ho thought ho would hire a livery rig and go in style, , but tho expense deterred him. " Darned if dad's shay and our nag won't do, she needn't have me." So said Josh, as he threw down his hoe, put on his coat and Btarted to tho house, to hitch up old " Nancy," and get his sweetheart. Tho chaise, which had doHO service for tunny centuries, was drawn out; and Josiah, arrayed in ruffled shirt front, scarlet necktie, dark blue vest and whito linen pants, with swallow-tailed coat and stovo-pipo hat, the colored mous tache displayed to the best advantage, stepped in behind tho fiery steed and drove for his dulciuen. She seemed co quettish about " going out in the hot sun with a man she wasn't engaged to, even if he had gone with her so long ;" but she was pursuaded, and Josh helped her into the " shay." Without a word of conversation be tween them, the first milo was passed. Mary Ann sat in one corner of the ve hicle blushing red as a peony, while Josiah was hesitating whether to pop the question now or wait awhile. A second half mile was passed and still silenco reigned, broken only occasional ly by the crack of Josiah's whip against " Nancy's" lean sides. They now entered a fonnt bordering on Josiah's domain, and out of the sun light Josiah grew bolder. He began to talk about his crops, and another milo was passed ; still he could not muster np sufficient courage to say the word which must decide his fate. For two long and weary yoars the las sie had also waitedand watched tor the question, and now " Barkis was willing," yet unable to ask her. Outwardly si lent, but inwardly fretting and fuming, this queen of country damsels sat, re volving in her mind how she could bring matters to a crisis. At length, as the horse stopped for an instant on the brow f the hill to nibble a bit of grass, sho bethought herself of a plan ; she begged her lover to go to a farm-house not far distant, and bring her a cup of cold water. Then the sly creaturo kept watch until ho was half way back to tho carriage with tho cup, and partially hid den from view by a grove of trees, when she seized the whip and punched it into the horse's ribs with such force as al most to cause them to crack. " Nancy" gave a spring forward and rushed madly down the hill, Josh hasti ly dropping his cup of water, and flying in hot pursuit. At length he reached them, after a hard run ; the " shay" lay overturned and broken in tho middle of the road, the horse was quietly browsing the grass near by, while Mary Ann, her face as pale as marble, and her beautiful whito dress soiled with dust, lay ap- Jiarently insensible a short distance olf. Tosh's attempts to rouse her were of no avail, until, becoming thoroughly fright ened, he began to cover her cheeks with impassioned kisses, calling upon her to live for him. Then, and not till then, did the beautiful being deign to open her eyes, when, with tears gushing forth, sho said, "O, Josh! if you'd only said it afore, this never would have happened." What is Dirt ? Old Dr. Cooper, of South Carolina, used to say to his students : " Don't be afraid of dirt, young gentlemen. What is dirt ? Why nothing at all offensive, when chemically viewed. Bub a little alkali upon a dirty grease spot rn your coat, and it undergoes a chemical change and becomes soap ; now rub it with a little water and it disappears. It is neither grease, soap, water nor dirt. That is not a very odorous pile of dirt you see yonder ; well, scatter a littlo gypsum over it and it is no longer dirty. Every thing like dirt is worthy our notice as students of chemistry. Analyze it ; it will separate into very clean elements. Dirt makes corn, corn makes bread and meat, and that makes a very sweet young lady, that I saw one of you kissing last night. 8o after all, you were kissing dirt, particularly if she whitened her face with chalk or fuller s earth ; though I may say that rubbing such stuff upon the beautiful skin of a young lady is a dirty practice Pearl powder I thiuk is made of bismuth, nothing but dirt. Lord Palmerston's fine definition of dirt is ' matter in the wrong place.' Put it in the right place and wo ceaso to think ot it as curt. Telegraphing in China. The prob lem ot telegraphing in tbe Uhinese lan guage, t writo which requires some 50,000 different characters, has been solved in this way : A few thousands of the characters most used are cut upon wooden blocks. On the opposite side of each block is its number. Duplicates of such numbered blocks are at each tele graph station. The China merchant selects the blocks which express the thoughts to be transmitted. The oper ator telegraphs only tho numerals de signating these blocks, which enable the receiving operator to select similar blocks at his endf the line, Tho Motions of the Stars. It will seem utterly incredible that astronomers have learned not merely whether certain stars are receding or ap proaching, but have actually been en abled to determine respecting this kind of motion what they cannot determine respecting tho more obvious thwart-motion, viz., tho rate at which the motion takes place. This is rendered possiblo by what is known of the nature of light. If a star is approaching, tho light which comes to us from it will havo its waves closer together than if tho star were at rest, and vice term. Now, tho distance between the wave-crests of light signifies a difference of color, the longer waves producing red and orange light ; waves of medium length, -yellow and. green light ; and the shorter waves producing blue, indigo and violet light. So that, if a star wero shining with pure red light, it Might, by approaching very rapidly, be caused to appear yellow, or even blue or indig.,, according to tho rate of approach ; while, if a star wore Bhining with pure indigo light, it might by receding very rapidly bo caused to appear green or yellow, or even orango or red. But stars do not shine with pure-colored light, but with a mixture of all the colors of tho rainbow ; so that the attempt to estimate a star's rate ot approach or recession oy its color wouia tail, even though we know the star's real color, and even though stars moved fast enough to produco color-changes. Tho Bpeo troscopist has, however, a much more delicate means of dealing with the mat ter. Tho rainbow-tinted streak forming a star's spectrum is crossed by known dark lines ; and these servo as 'eritablo mile-marks for tho spectroscopist. If ono of these lines in the epectrum of any star is seen to be shifted toward the red end, tho observer knows that tho star is receding, and that swiftly ; if tho 6hift is toward tho violet end, ho knows that the star is swiftly approaching. Now, Dr. Huggins had been ablo nearly four years ago to apply this method to the case of the bright star Sirius, though his instrumental means were not then sufficient to render him quite certain as to the result. Still he was ablo to announce with some decree of confidence that Sirius is receding at a rate exceeding twenty miles per second. in order that he might extend the method to other stars, the Boyal Society placed at his disposal a fine telescope, fifteen inches in aperture, and sncciallv adapted to gather us much light as possi ble with that aperftire. Suitable spec troscopic appliances were so provided for tho delicato work Dr. Huggins was to undertake. It was but last winter that the instrument was ready. for work ; but already Dr. Hu (reins .has obtn-itied the most wonderful news from tho Btars with its aid. He finds that many of tho stars are travelling far more swiftly than had been supposed. Arcturus, for ex ample, is travelling toward us at tho rate of some fifty miles per second, and, as his thwart-motion is fully as great (for this star's distance has been estimated, the actual velocity with which he is speeding through spaco cannot be less than seventy miles per second. Other stars aro moving with corresponding velocities. Popular Science Monthly or squander. The Coal Supply of England. Since the exhaustion of tho Eiifflis'" coal fields is an acoepted fact, withiu the compass of three centuries at least, and since the present cost of coal mining is already affecting the price of iron in all the markets of the world, a few state ments in regard to the difficulty of pro curing coal at greater depths than those now reached will be of interest. At a depth of 50 feet below the surface of the earth there is a zone of equable tempera ture whoro the thermometer marks 00 degrees. Observation shows that this temperature increases at the uniform rate of ono degree for every fifty-five feet. So at the depth of 1,700 feet tho temperature is about 78 degrees. One anno in Lngland, 1.610 feetdeen. is already worked at a great disadvant age owing to the failure of the miners to endure the steady heat. In ono col liery tho shaft is 2,370 feet deep, and tho temperature is 92 degrees. At a dopth ot 2,0'JO tei.'t the temperature is 98 de grees, or blood heat, and there prolonged labor is impossible The limit of profit able mining is therefore about 1,700 feet, and at 2,700 mining is impracticable. At tho depth of 4,000 feet the tempera ture would bo 122 degrees, and at 10,000 feet it would be at the boiling point, if not even higher, as it is ' probable that the rate accelerates as the descent is made. It is curious to note that the Commis sion of sixteen eminent men of science which was appointed to ascertain how much coal could be raised from seams already worked, and how much from measures yet untouched, stated that at the present rate of consumption there was a supply of coal in Great Britain tor 1,2 i.J years, but at the ratio of in crease the supply would last only 276 years. Our figures show that coal can not be mined at a depth of 4,000 feet, and that at 2, 1 00 feet the limit of physic al endurance is about reached. Of course, then the vast areas of coal below that depth, and, indeed, below 1,700 feet, where miners are forced to work shorter hours and where the temperature is nearly au degrees, must remain untouch ed. The Commissioners hardly dared to look the situation in the face, and their report is in reality littlo better than juggle. Already nearly all the coal above the depth of 1,700 feet has been raised, and that below can only be reach ed at a cost not pleasant to contemplate. The British Quarterly estimates the quantity of coal above 1,700 feet at 39,- 000. 000.000.toiis, and that in tho next 1. C00 feet at 22,000,000,000, and at tho present rates of increase, the last ton of the 30,000,000,000 will be raised in 195 ana tueu out goes Ureal .Britain I A Detroit journal gays an old man of that city has played ninety thousand games of checkers. What a checkered career that 9 Id maa must have had I Facts and Figures, How to prevent your wifo from scold ing you Don't marry. Tho boys in Des Moinos perfume their stockings before walking to church with their sweethearts. Only think of Delaware for a peach growing State, and big ono at that. One million live hundred thousand bask ets this season, and only half tho amount of last year's crop. Commend us kindly to Delaware. Thero is a well in Indiana which keeps time like clockwork. At precisely two o'clock, night and day, it throws up a jet of water. It is now over a thoasand feet deep, and is still being bored with a view to ultimate oil. "That man," said a wag, "camo to this city forty years ago, purchased a basket, and commenced gathering rags. How much do you suppose ho is worth now '" Wo gave it up. " Nothing," ho continued after a pause, " and he owes for tho basket." "How many aro there ov ycz down there '(" shouted an Irish overseer to some men in a coal-pit. " Five," was tha answer. " Well, then tho half of yoz come up here, said lie. vt nen uiey did come np he found that the quantity exceeded the demand by a fraction. Tho foot-and-mouth dispaso among cattle, sheep, and swine in England does not abate, but from last accounts seems to be on the increase, both as to tho number of animals attacked and in re spect to virulence. Plouro -pneumonia, has also appeared in localities, and seems to bo steadily spreading. It is said that tho Kev. Mr. Spurgcon will visit Brooklyn in the autumn as tho guest of Dr. Talmage, and will probab'y preach for him in the Tabernacle. That would bo an event iu current religious history which would cause an excite ment similar to that winch attended tha visit of Dr. Newman Hall to this coun try. A voung lady at Council Bluffs, being informed by her " feller " that he in teudedo cease his attentions, cowhided him round tho room, and, as he sprang through tho open window, toll him, with a partiue lick, that that would teach him to be more caret ill for tho fu ture not to trifla with a gcntlo and lov ing heart. A Bansror. Me., prohibitionist was ro- cently discussing tho liquor law, and strongly urged its strict enforcement. To emphasize his remarks, he gesticu lated with his umbrella ; whereupon a black bottle fell to the pavement with a crash, and the odor of " Old Bourbon" was diffused around. That closed tho argument. - 1 Since the war tho Methodist Episcopal Church has established ten conferences in the Southern states, with a mamber ship of 1C2.000 persons, and 707 travel ling "and 1,600 local preachers. They havo expended about $1,200,000, and tho value of the church and school property there amounts to $1,300,000. Tho ten conferences have paid $7,000 into the 1- recduicn s Aid r uud. Bessemer, tho inventor of the process of muling cheap steel, now proposes to revolutionize naval warfare by making a cannon twenty yards long, with a boro of thirty inches and walls eight inches thick, and with this he will tiro a shell weighing live tons. Instead of setting fire to all the powder in his gun at once, he divides his charge into differ ent calls and explodes thum successively, all going off before tho ball leaves the gun, and each giving it a new impulse. Here is tho love ditty of a Georgian, which he dropped and was picked up on tho road : " To miss Sudy : behole a stranger at the doore of thy heart ho gentely nox has nox before, has waited long is waiting still, miss Sudy you trete no other friend so ill. I luv you now anil will forever you may change but I will never, for even 0110 bo our lot derest won forget me not miss Sudy I must confess that I luv you the best of all tho girls I ever nl-w thore is nun to be Compared with you." This is one of the newest descriptions of a Dolly Vnrden: "The starboard sleeve bore a yellow hop-vine in full leaf, on a red ground, with numbers of gray birds, badly mutilated by the seams, flying hither and yon in wild dismay, at the approoch of a red aud black hunter. Calvary Mission infant class was depicted on tho back, tho mak ing up of the garment scattering truant scholars up the sides and on tho skirt, while a country poultry fair and a group of American hunting dogs, badly do- moralized by tho gathers, gavo the front a remarkable appearance. Tho left sleeve had on it the alphabet in five dif ferent languages. An English tc3t case as to laborer' time was recently tried in Berkshire, England. The 24th of Juno a farmer bad a good deal ot bay down aud tturty men at work. At 9 o'clock at night there remained an hour and a half's work to be done in order to secure the hay. A portion of the workmen refused to wor'x longer, unless paid extra for it. This was refused, the nay was not so cured, a rain came on, the hay was damaged, and the farmer sued two la borers whom ho was paying by tho week, to recover. Tho magistrates de cided that the defendants were not bound by their contract to go en with tho work at that time of night, and the caso was dismissed. Tho extreme danger of permitting children to play with the toy steam en gines which are sold for one dollar was painfully illustrated last Saturday by a fearful accident which occurred to child of Mr. C. L. Van Zandt, Vice President of the American Bank Koto Company. The child was dreadfully burned by upsetting the fluid lamp used to generate steam, and before as sistance could be obtained she was so badly injured by the flames that sho died in a fow hours. Parents should be careful not to allow their children to play with these engines, for however harmless they may seem to be, there is great ruk attending their use as a toy, aud in the hands of a child.