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ELK COUNTY TUE REPUBLICAN PARTY. VOL II. RIDGWAY, PA,. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1872. NO. 33. 4 poet n r. (Original.) FLOWERS. DT MRS. t. I. OWE. Tlio lovely blossoms springing up In foroit and in mead, A lesson of oontcntnent teach, If we bnt rightly read. Koch little bnd, each humble grim, Ik suited with lie place, Kor ever wilhes it had run A more ambitious race. Trro tint violet that (trows Within the shaded doll, Is ratified its quiet lot Hath been apoointcd wH. The modest da'sy lilts its faco On yonder sunny hill, And envies not the flow'ret fair That nods beMde the nil. A slender flower of beauty rare. A lily of the Tale, A portion of its fragrance plves To oyory pasctnR Kale. By scanning thus, with truthful eye. Each lesson of the flld, Not one we find will ever fall . A noble thought to yield. Not one but doth some precept loach, To help us on our way. And guide us upward to the l!j,ht. Where shines unending day. IHE STORY-TELLER. THE SAYINGS BASK. A TALE OF HARD TIMES. Charles Ly nford was a youn g uiech an- ic in good business. At the age of 26 he had taken to himself a wife, Caroline C.U8U8, tne daughter of a neighbor, who had nothing to bring him but her own personal merits, which were many, and habits of thrift, learned in an economi cal household, under tho stern teachings It is well, perhaps, that Charles Lyn ford should obtain a wife of this charac ter. since he himself found it hard to save anything trom his income. It was not long before Caroline be came acquainted with her husband's railing, (she dl not feel quite easy in tne knowledge tkat they were living fully up to their income, foreseeing that a time would come when their family vuuiu Kiow innro expensive. Iinrl Tier. haps her husband's business, now in so H...:.,!.: i.-t- .... . L ' t - nourishing a condition, might be less so. Accordingly one day she purchased of nu peuuier, wno camo to the door, a little tin, sate, such as children frequent- usb iur a savings Dank. 'J-his shi placed conspicuously on the mantel piece, so that her husband might be sure to see it on entering. " Hello, Carrie, what's. that?" he asked curiously. " Only a little purchase I made to day, said his wife. " But what is it meant for?" he asked again. " Let me illustrate," said his wife, playfully. ' Have you iv ten-cent piece witn you. Charles drew o dime from his waist coat pocket. His wife, taking it from his hand, dropped it into the box through a slit in the top. Charles laughed. " So you have taken to hoarding, Car rie? Has my little wife become f miser ?" " No, only a little prudent. But serf. ously, Uharles, that is what 1 want you to do every night. "What! drop a dime into this new fangled arrangement of yours ?" " Exactly." " Very well ; that will be easy enough. A dime a day is not a great sum. But may I know what you are going to do with this newly-commenced hoard f " Lay it up for a rainy day," Caroline answered. Charles laughed merrily. " And what will a dime a day amount to r he inquired. "In a year it will amount" com menced his wife seriously " O, never mind spare ine the calcu lation ! It sounds too much like busi ness, and I get enough of that during the day." " But you do not object to my plan ?" " Not in the least. I have no doubt it is very commendable, but you know, Carrie, I never was gifted with such prudonce." This ended the conversation for the time. -The plan inaugurated by the young wife wus steadily carried eut. She was not one of those (of whom there are so many) who enter upon a new plan zeal ously, but soon tire of it. In the pres ent case she was thoroughly satisfied of the wisdom of her purpose, and resolved to carry it through. Every morning she called upon her husband for a dimo, which was forth with added to the accumulation. Frequently he had not the exact change, but would toss her twenty-five cents instead. She would assure him laughingly that this would answer her purpose equally as well. More than once Charlie would banter her on the subject of her little savings bank, which she bore gaily. But these were not the only accessions the fund received. Her husband had early ar ranged to make ample allowance for dress I say ample, though I dare say some of my city readers might not have considered it so ; but Caroline who was in the habit of making her own dresses provided herself with a good ward-' robe at a much less expense than ouie not so well versed in the science of man aging could have done. After considerable calculation she came to the conclusion that out of her daily allowance she should be able to make a daily deposit equal to that which she exacted from her husband. Of this, however, she thought it best, on the whole, not to inform Charles, enjoy ing in anticipation the prospect of being able, at some future time, to surprise him with the unexpected amount of her savings. At the close of every month the tin box wag emptied, and the contents were transferred to a bank of more preten sions, where interest was allowed. When the sums deposited there became laree euougn, jvirs. lyntord, who had consid- erable business capacity, withdrew them and invested in bank and other stocks, wjich would yield a large percent. Of her mode of management her husband remained in complete ignorance. Nor did he ever express any desire to be made acquainted with his wife's man agemcnt. He was an easy, careless fel- low, spending as ho went, enjoying the present, and not 1'weling any particular concern about the future. At the end of eight vears. durin which ho had been unusually favored py Health, his books showed that ho ha not exceeded his income ; but that, on the other hand, he had saved nothmtr. Twenty-five cents alone stood to his credit. "Running pretty close. Carrie?" ho said laughingly ; " I take credit to mv- self of keeping on the right side of the une. xjut then i suppose you have suvea up an immense sum. 'How much do vou think?' asked his wife. " Oh, perhaps a hundred dollars." said Charles Lyrford carelessly, " though it wouiu take a good many dimes to do that." His wife smiled, but did not volun teer to enlighten him as to the correct' ness of his conjecture. bo tilings went on till at lenarth camo tho panic of 18.r7 a panic so recent that it will be recollected by many reati era of this sketch. It will be remem bered how universally business and trade of every kind were depressed at tins period among others the trade which occupied Charles Lynford suf fered. One evening ho came home, looking quito serious an expression which sel dom came over his cheerful face. Caroline, who had watched the signs of the times, wis not unprepared to see this, blie had expected that her hus band s business would be affected. " hat is tho matter, Charles ?" she asked, cheerfully. " Ihe matter is, that we snail have to economize greatly.' " Anythine unfavorable turned un in business matters '(" " I should think they had. I shall have but half a day's work for some time to come, and I am afraid that even this before long. You have no idea, r..; 1 ,i..n t...: c i .1 Carrie, how dull business of every kind nas Decome. " 1 think I hav-?," said his wife. Quiet ly, "l have read the papers careiullv. and have been looking out for something 01 this kind. 110 you think wo shall bo able to econonuzo t asked her husband. " I think we shall bo -able to do so. Both of us are well supplied with cloth ing, and shall not need any mora for a year at least. That will cut en consid erable expense ; then there are a great many little superfluities you are kind enough to bring home to me frequent ly, which I can do very well without. Then we can live more plainly have less pies and cakes, and I have no doubt it will be an improvement so far as health is concerned." "What a calculator you are, Carrie!" said her husband, feeling considerably easier in his mind. " I really think, after all you have said, that it won't be so hard to live on half our usual income for the present at least. But," and his countenance again changed, "sup pose my work should entirely fail I suppose you couldn't reduce our ex penses to nothing at all, could you ?" "That certainly surpasses my pow ers, said his wile, smiling ; " but even in that case there is no ground for dis couragement. You have not forgotten our savings bank, have you ?" " hy no, 1 didn t think ot that," said her husband. " I suppose that would keep off starvation for a few weeks." His wife smiled. "And in those few weeks," she added, business might revive." " To be sure, added her husband. " Well, I guess it'll bo all right I'll not trouble myself about it any longer." Ihe apprehensions to which Charles Lynfoad had given expression proved to be only too well founded. In less than a month from tho date of the conversa tion just recorded, the limited supply of work which he had been able to secure entirely failed, and he found himself without work 01 any kind thrown back upon his own resources. Although he had inticipated this, it seemed unexpected when it actually came upon him, and he again returned home, in a fit of disappointment. Ho briefly explained to his wife the new calamity which had come upon him. " And the worst ot it is, there is no hope of better timca until spring." Do you think business will revive then ?" asked his wife. " It must by that time, but there are five, or six months between. I don't know how we are to live during that time." " I do," said his wife, quiotly. You !" exclaimed her husband, in surprise. Yes; your income has never been more than six or seven hundred dollars, and I have no doubt we can live six months on two hundred and fifty dol lars." " Yes, certainly : but where is that money to come from Y I don't want to go 111 debt ; but it 1 did, 1 shouldn t know where to borrow. " Fortunately, there is no need of it," said Mrs. Lynford. " You seem to for get our little savings bank." 11 ut is it possible it can amount to two hundred and fifty dollars ?" he ex claimed, in surprise. " Yes, and six hundred more, replied his wife. Impossible I" " Wait a minute, and I will prove it" Caroline withdrew a moment, and then reappeared with several certificates of bank and railroad shares, amounting to eight hundred dollars, and a bank book in which the balance was deposited to her credit. " Are you quite sure yon haven't had a legacy ?" demanded Charles in amaze inent. "A dimo a day surely has not produced tnisf " No, but two dimes a day has, with a little extra deposit now and then. I think, Charles, we shall be able to ward off starvation for a time." Charles Lynford remained out of em ployniont for some months, but in tho spring business revived, as he had antic ipated, and he was once more in receipt of his old income. More than two-thirds of the fund was still left, and henceforth Charles was no less assiduous than his wife in striving to increase it. The little tin savings bank still stands on the mantelpiece, and never fails to receive a daily deposit. Tho IJcnrd Question. We read in tho English papers that a certain reverend gentloman haB set him self to attack the modern practice of Clergymen wearing the beard and mus tache. His principal point against these hirsute appendages is, that, "while beard and mustache interfere with dis tinct utterance, impeding clear and effective speech, both together, or even one or the other separately obstructs tho play and expression of the mouth, and thus hides and hinders the manifestation of feeling." Ihe position taken seems to us to be a false one. The gentleman will find it diflicult to prove that tho wearing of the beard affects tho utterance or im pedes the speech. On tho contrary, we believe it to be demonstrable that tho muscles of the throat are stronger where they are protected by their natural cov ering, and tho bronchial ortrans are less liublo to disease. If such be the fact, the voice, also, must necessarily bo stronger, and more capable of tha varied enects which, taken together, go to con stitute successful oratoiy. As to wheth er the beard obstructs tho plav of the features or not, that is a mere matter of individual opinion. To us,' it adds to, rather than detracts from, the expression of the mouth ; but, even if it were other wise, it would be of less consequence than the reverend gentleman ascribes to it. The mouth is by no means ot the supreme importance he seems to imag ine. Cicero was better advised when he declared that the eyes bear sovereign sway in oratory. It is a question, too, whether the loss of the grave and rever end appearance imparted by a full beard would be compensated by the more perfect exhibition ef the muscles of the mout,h, even if the latter were of the imputed consequence. A worthy clergyman of Queen Elizabeth's timn pave as a.vnnorm fnr wgarjnp: ,rt verv lotto beard "that no act of his hie misrhtba unworthy of the gravity of his appcar ance."' We commend this sentiment to the consideration of the author of tho new crusade against man's natural orna- m ext. -1 ; jHeton s Journal. Dressing for the Hair. Tho frequent use of "oils," "bear's grease, " arcutusme, "rosemary wash- Ac, ivc, upon the hair, is a practice not to be commended. All of these oils and greasy pomades are manufactured from lard oil and simple lard. No bear's grease " is ever used. If it could be procured readily, it should not be ap plied to tho hair, as it is tho most rank and filthy of all the animal fats. There are many persons whoso hair is natur ally very dry and crisp, and in mcst families there is a want of some innocent and agreeable wash or dressing which may be used moderately aud judicious ly. Tho mixture which may be regard ed as the most agreeable, cleanly and safe, is composed of cologne spirit and pure castor oil. The following is a good formula : Pure fresh castor oil, 2 oz. ; cologne spirit (95 per cent.), 10 oz. Tho oil is freely dissolved in the spirit, and tho so lution is clear and beautiful. It may be perfumed in any way to suit the fan cy of the purchaser. A cheap and very good dressing is made by dissolving four ounces of per fectly pure dense glycerine in twelve ounces ot rose water. Glycerine evap orates only at high temperatures, aud therefore under its influence the hair is retained in a moist condition for a long time. As a class, the vegetable oils nre bet ter for the hair than animal oils. They do not become rancid and offensive so rapidly, and they are subject to differ ent and less objectionable chemical changes. Olive oil and that derived from the cocoanut have been largely em ployed, but they are inferior in every respect to that from the castor-bean. The Wonders of Astronomy. New, or temporary, stars only make their advent at long intervals, suddenly blazing forth in the sky with a brilliant light exceeding that of the brightest planets, being plainly discerned in the presence ot the noonday sun, and, after short career, disappearing almost as suddenly as they camo. A remarkable fact in their history is the rarity of their occurrence. Only twenty-two such stars ave been recorded in the last two 7 thousand years, counting from the Chinese catalogue of Mantuanlin, which goes back to 150 B. C. The present century numbers but two ox its records, those of 1818 and 1806., Not only do new or temporary stars make thair ap pearance from time to time, but stars recorded on ancient catalogues have disappeared, from the heavens in such numbers as to form a family called lost stars. Therefore, the class of temporary stars may be much larger than is gener ally supposed, as only the most re splendent ones have attracted notice. When the science of astronomy has made further progress, it may be estab lished that all temporary stars are vari able ones whose changes extend orer so vast a cycle that we are yet ignorant of their true periods. From New Zealand comes the intelli gence 'that the administration of kero sene has had a most decided effect in the cure of chronio rheumatism. A Long nnd Healthy Life. Doctor Barnard Van Oven, a medical writer of great talent, says : " There can bo no doubt that health is tho natural condition of man, and that w9 ought to pass through lifo in a stato of vigr, enjoying every day of our ex istence. It is imperiously our duty to study tho best means of promoting so 1 T 1 T 1' 1 1 . . . ""PPj n conumou. 11 wo i-uanK the Great Creator of all for tho life He has bestowed on us, we should endeavor to retain His gift in the fullest perfection. It would be well for mankind if tha principles of physiology, and the laws of hygiene as deduced therefrom, formed a part of every course of education ; for then men, being acquainted with the groat causes of disease, and the best means of preserving health, would so conduct themselves as to secure the one and avoid the other." It will, porhnps, seem incredible to many persons that health or length nf nays should be at all under our own con trol. Numbers of worthy people are so disposed to look.upon everything that happens as a dispensation of Providence, that has to be submitted to whether or 1 .... ... . not, that they will hardly like to bo told of laws which regulate health and life, and by obedience to which the one inav bo promoted and tho other lengthened. There is, however, no reason to doubt the fact : and every one may decide the question for himself, by living strictly 111 accordance witn tnose laws, and making tho satisfactory result. Juan lives and grows by tho functions of digestion, respiration, circulation, nnd secretion. Tho food is converted into blood, and becomes vitalized, and in this state is propelled to every part of the system, to nourish find renew, nnd to remove such matters as. having Tir- form'ed their functions, have become effete, and would prove noxious if not removed. In infancy and childhood, the nutri tive or building-up process is ceaseless and rapid ; anything which tends to check it, such as deficient supply or bad quality of food, is not only to be care fully avoided, but is highly blamablo. Children require to be plentifully fed with suitable food ; if the appetite be cheated, there will be imperfect devel opment, and disease, if not deformity, through all after-life. When, howevt r, all the organs aro fully developed, and the body has attained "maturity, a dif ferent relation of tho actios occurs. The blood-vessels are only called upon to re place what the absorbents remove, and for a period the normal condition of the frame may bo regarded as one approach ing to a perfect equlibrium. During nlmfr'ueHlHro Ab&fefflftr 8rlW rorm, or vigor, except inasmuch as tho continued exercise of some parts, or the disuse of others, may occasion a greater or less degree of development. Hence it is that persons in middle life should be caretul to control their appetite, and rigidly refrain from eating too much. Middle life is, however, tho period when people are disposed to think that they ought to indulgo in creature comforts, their position in life is generally taken by that time, and so a well-Bpread table tempts them into the daily practice of taking more than they want, and ill health is the inevitable consequence. At tho age ot titty there is usually an increase in tho bulk of tho body, by da posit of fat chiefly on tho trunk" ; but at tho same time the face shrinks, the eye lids become loose, tho crow's feet ap pear, and hero and thero Time traces a furrow on the countenance, which henceforth ho will plow deeper and deeper. Tho muscles, too, "fall away, and tho skin becomes dry and harsh. Except in rare cases, the hair turns gray and loses its gloss, crixpness, and curl, or becomes thin and falls off. As age ad vances, so do these characteristics mark themselves more Btrongly ; tho plasticity which once gave freedom and ease to all the movements of tho body aud limbs is lost in a continually increasing rigidity aud consolidation. The bulk diminishes, in consequence of tho absorption of fat ; the muscles become stringy and fibrour, and often weak ; the voice fulls into a piping treble ; the eyesight needs artifi cial assistance, the hearing is blunted j in short, all the senses lose more or less of their delicacy with age. There is something in this which makes a long life appear undesirable ; yet we have many proof's in ancient and mod ern times that old age is not by any means incompatible with cheerfulness and a capacity for enjoyment. Doctor V an Uven gives tables of 7,000 persons who lived ages from 100 to 185 years. A noteworthy instance of what simple and regular living will effect is afforded by Uornaro, the enetian, who had almost killed himself by excesses at the age of forty. He then became strict ly attentive to his diet and course of life, and lived sixty-four years longer to the age of 104. " How few really die of old age I" ob serves Doctor Van Oven. " Parr's death at 152 was premature, induced by a fool ish change from the simple diet and active habits of a peasant to the luxu rious ease and exciting foods and drinks of a country gentleman. Ilis body was examined by the great Harvey, who found all the organs in so sound a con dition, that, but for intemperance and inactivity, he would, in all probability, have lived many years longer." An English gentleman named Hastings, who died in 1650, at the age of 100, rode to the death of a stag at ninety. Thos. Wood, a pariah clerk, lived to ICO, and " could read to the last without spec tacles, and only kept his bed one day." J. Witten, a weaver, was " never sisk, never used spectacles, hunted a year be fore his death, and died suddenly," at the age of 102. Francis Atkins " was porter at the Palace Gate, Salisbury ; it was his duty to wind up a clock which was at the top of the palace : and he performed this duty until within a year of his death (at 102). He was remark ably upright in his deportment, and walked well to the last." Margaret M'Dorval, a Scottish woman, who died at 100, " married thirteen husbands, and survived them all." Cardinal de Salis, who died in Spain, in 1785, at ths ago of 110, ussd to Ely -.uyDeing 01a wuen 1 was young, nnd myself young now I am old. I led a sober, studious, but not lazy or eedon iary me; my diet was ever sparing, though delicate; my liquors tho best wines of Xercs and La Maucha, of which I never exceeded a pint at a menl.pxer.nt. in cold weather, when. I allowed myself a mira more ; 1 roae and walked every day, except in rainy weather, when I exercised for two hours. So far I took care for the body ; and as to the mind, I endeavored to preserve it in due temp er by a scrupulous obedience to the di vine commands, and keeping (as the apostle directs) a conscience void of otlense to Ood and man." J. Jacob, a native of Switzerland, " wh&n 127 years uiu, was sent as a deputy to tho Nation al Assembly of France:" hn rliorl tVin following year. Others might bo men tioned, but wo have only room to add that, within the past two centuries and a half, ten well-certified cases of indi viduals in England and Wales living to ""B'ug iiuuj iu iuu years, nave occurred; and here, in modern times, wo have repeated the length of divs cuiumsuiy Doneved to belong exclusive ly to tho patriarchal ages. Doctor Van Oven points out the good th at may be accomplished by a nroper regimen iaitniuuy lollowed. This con sists in certain general rules, which we give in his own words : 1. Do not take food except when tho appetito demands it; that is, do net re cruit the Bystem but when the system nas oecome exhausted. J. Let the quantity of restorative nourishment be proportioned to the degree of exhaustion which previous la- oors nave induced. 3. Select such food or foods, drink nr drinks, as your own experience and tho general usages of society nninr. nut. best suited to your habits, and easiest of digestion. 4. Let the food and drinks be varied and mixed, and when in health do not torment yourself by too close an atten tion to any dietetic rule3. 0. Take vegetable infusions, as tea, coffee, and fermented liquors, in moder ation ; but avoid distilled spirits alto gether, except under the guidance of the physician. 6. Avoid active exertion or study im mediately after taking food. 7. Let prudence govern the passions. To which may be added, that it is es sential to the health and strength of all persons to have from six to eight hours of sound sleep. A Bteady observance of theso simple laws will insure the highest health it is possible to attain. A ifuutfcruus UNtior. The City and Country, Nyack, N. Y., say3 : On Sunday morning of this week, a hooded adder, of large size, was killed near the well on the premises of Mr". E. L. Wright, in this village. These ser pents aro among the most poisonous of all the reptiles, and are of the same fam ily and almost identical with the Cobra do Capello of India. On the continent of America they aro met with oh the dry and arid plains of Texas and along the Mexican coast, but are exceedingly rare this side of the Mississippi river. After having been wounded, this adder, finding that he could not escape, reared his head about a foot from the ground, inflated his hood enormously, and then struck his fangs into his own body three times in rapid succession, and in less than five minutes he, was perfectly dead and as rigid as a stick. Miss Jhnnie Wright camo very near treading on him, and ft was ex ceedingly fortunate that ho did not strike. The fangs were five-eighths of an inch in length and exceedingly sharp. The length of the reptile was about three feet, by three and a half inches in circumference ; color a tawny orange with strongly marked black rings. It is said that there is no antidote for their poison, and that death ensues in from thirty to forty minutes after having been bitten. Wedding Dresses. A New York fashion writer says : The wedding season is at hand and the mod istes are busy with trousseau. At one house seven dresses are ordered by a bride.eight by another, ten by a third, and the outfit ,ot' a fourth will have twenty dresses ;' the bridal dress of the last is now in tho loom at Lyons, and is expected to be satin of marvellous rich ness. In contrast to this is the refined simplicity of a dress prepared for an artist-bride in Philadelphia. Its grace ful train of soft white faille falls in am ple folds, unbroken by trimming, and simply corded around the bottom ; the overskirt of Malines tulle, doubled to hide a defined edge, is draped on each side by sprays of orange blossoms. The basque with corded edges has antique sleeves and Malines plaiting, without a shred of lace. Coage bouquet and chaplet of orange flowers. Long tulle veil, the edge undefined by a hem. A very handsome dress for a church wed ding has a basque with puffed train trimmed with a tablier of tulle plait ings and a flounce of point lace that is carried, up the middle of the train and hold by a trailing spray of orange flow ers. Long revers turned toward the back are added on the train, and an apron trims the front. Pearl and Mutton are the fashionable colors for brides' evening dresses. A lovely pearl-colored dinner dress, made with piincesee polonaise, has alternato flounces of thread lace and pearl silk richly embroidered with black. The entire costume is wrought over with i'et sprays, and a Watteau spiral of white ace, with blocs velvet bows, extends from the neck to the end of the train. T wo years ago a Connecticut man re ceived a gross insult from a neighbor who lives a quarter of a mile or more from him. After long meditation, he has now purchased a peacock and a jackass, and anchored them in a field adjoining his neighbor' back yard. The noighbor has advertised his house for sale, and he is satisfied. The Indian at Home, A correspondent writing from Colnm bus, beyond Omaha, on the Pacific Kail way, says : At Columbud. we found ' Lo," tho " noble red man, the son of the forest." ne was here in various forms warriors, squ.iws, nnd pappooses. Tho "Pawnee iseservation is only twenty miles from tllia fnren nnrl tln'oamlaina n-li 1. I ...- vw .., . . . .jiii.iti 1 1 1 t - .In dians are seen here in greater numbers Al -1 ... man in places more to tne eastward. The TnrllATm fratVioe .i-niinil o n (pa-'n and the squaws, each with a pappoose of uvl uwii or a oorrowea cne, good-naturedly solicit money. Thev nan but. W 1 V... " wuius, uus inese tnev oiten repeat : Pannoose thirt.v ontlta rritrn if tr. her." " Pappoose thirty cents civn toner- innjnmrm nniunra in hnf. tcr advantago tho farther off you view mm. instance icnas enchantment, Ac At Tnrlinnd nnnont n nm avnunrl -n;l - i-. . i-.uuiiM ion" road stations, they are an unwashed and un uucomoca exmoition ot humanity. Many were encamped near by, and from tllCSe tents r.mna t.linan flint, liniror around our train. One little Indian Cirl. fWArnnlv ton vnnra rx)A )mA .n,n1.4- n 1 " j - - - j v - - - 11 1. v i v. n 11 1, up a little child and tiod it upon her ujvuu, mm, Hue, too, x suppose, might call out to tho passengors, " l'appooss thir ty ceRt3 give it to her." The Indians, we find, are not held in very high esti mation by the people in tho West, and our conductor declares that he has been unoblo to find the first man who could toll what an Indian was good for. The IndilinR IiRVA ppqunil tn nlmw nr- hostility to the railroads. Only once, I believe, have they attempted to throw off the train nn tlinao nlaina flrw... . i j ...... , uuja L 1 1 1 tore up the track, and thus threw off a c.n: . a Aft. 1 j 1 11 . . nt;Auu truiu, Aiierwarcis ine oiu cniel who if. OTnlninofl Vf V,a that if he tore up the track in one place it, wuuiu pui iae raurona company un der tho ner.PSsit.V nf trnini lmol onil ra. laying tho whole track. But when ho saw the trains running as usual the very next, dav. hn niiiil " Whfto J J , I. ULW U1WI1 WW lUU'lt for Indian," and that he should not irouoio me trains any more. There is one ennrliip.tnr nn tVio lrti,-.. pnn;n ,i,rt - v W...U..J.UV.1LV n uu, about three years ago, was attacked by a band of these red men, scalped nnd left for dead. Ho had left his train a freight train for a few moments, and had gono only a short distance from the Station. KortimntpW tin wna ennn f.-....l J 'J VI U W 11 AUtlUll by his men, tenderly cared for, ot length restored to consoiousncas, and finally ho fully recovered. Although there is now no danger from the Indians, each train, as a preeoution arv measure, is Tirnvirlnd with th arms and a good supply of ammunition. win uuv u"K iuuuu wuao iiumo uio railroads and the activity of business 1 . .1 t 1 .ill 1 v 1 v. AT wnicn railroads oeveiop. "Vivo le" Humbug! Mr. Barnum tells us that we like noth ing so much as to be humbuggod, nnd for ourselves we are disposed to think that Mr. Barnum is right. Certainly there can bo no question of the fact that we constantly lend ourselves to tho de ceptions practiced upon us by others that we actively and often consciously aid others in comfortably deceiving us. Somebody wanted to make money in the manufacture of base-ball goods a few years ago, and to that end he set about persuading people that the game was a natienalono ahealthtul.manly.and sur passingly agreeable pastime. Straight way everybody put on the picturesque cap and pantaloons that mark the base ball player, and people by tens of thous ands were ready possibly some of them still arc to maintain the truth of the manufacturer's assertion, despite their own and others' breaks and bruises. Skating rinks flourished for a time by reason of a like voluntary self-delusion on the part of the victims, and tho thous ands of wretched people who persist in thinking themselves happy at ultra fashionable watering-places every sum mer, are countless. Wre all deceive ourselves in one way or another at somebody else's behest and tor somebody else s benefit, but we awake from our self-delusions sometimes, and growl or grin, lament or laugh over them, as our humor happens to be. .Perhaps alter all this willingness to bo humbuggod and to help at our own humbugging is a fortunate thing. Cer tainly it is so to city people. Without it wo who dwell in cities would find life unendurable. The milk with which we temper our chicoffee (if we may thus adapt tho name to the thing), does it need our help as expert humbuggers to make it pass muster r And the rich yel low butter we get in the markets we know processes by which dealers can deceive the very elect in the matter of butter but our bread must be buttered, and it is well if we can persuade our selves, as most of us can, of the truth fulness of the brand " Pure Orange County," put on tho package by a deal er whom we have caught in fibs innum erable. After all, the milk ' we get from the rascal at the door, and the butter we buy of tho man whose brands are as truly works of fiction as any poems or novels ever were, are yellower and rich er, and sweeter to the taste, than are the unimproved milk and butter we iret when, for certainty's sake, we run away on a vacation and take country board in Orange County itself, and actually see the cows milked and see our host's daughter do the churning. Let us make the best ot it then, and instead ot growl ing, let us cry, " Vive le " humbug I Hearth and Home. The meteorological records of the Pennsylvania Hospital at Philadelphia, which go back to 1790, show that the Summer which has just closed with the month of August has been the hettcst ever known in the history of the city, xaken together, we nnd an average mean temperature for the three Summer months ot 79.08 degrees, which is three- quarters of a degree, above the figures for the Summer of 1870, which hereto fore enjoyed the distinction of being the hottest known in Philadelphia, Facts and Figures. A littlo boy put a lighted match into a nearly empty powder-keg to see what would happen. He will not do so again, as his curiosity is satisfied, but tho girl who sits next him in tho school thinks he looked better with his noso on. Put not your faith in him who predicts a hot season he sells ices ; nor in hiin who predicts a cold one he owns a cheap clothing establishment ;. nor yet in him who declares a wet one he vends umbrellas; nor a dry ono ho sells beer. Among the oldest relics at tho B( rks COtintv. Pft.. fnir lnit. belt three hundred years old, which - 1 p -iii servea ior iour weciaings; a dark glnss bottle two hundred nml liituvnnii rA a brass tca-kett!o two hundred years old, and a German copy of the Now Testa ment three huudred and forty-five years Ulll. According in TTiillnr. wntnin Ti.tnf. n I " ...... . hUllrrer loncer trinil man annr-r-rlinr frt Plntarr.h. t.Viov nun vooict 4-tn ..(V..f. P 1 " . J - LI f L 1 1 V. (JUtVl. U 1 wine better ; according to Unger, they grow older and never got bald ; accord- lUS to riinv. t.'iev nv unlilnn nttorlro1 by lions (on the contrary, they will run nftni llrtllCl T onrl n n n . ,1 .' A i I " -v -.u.i.iy . ...ILL UbVIJUIIll I-J VI Ullll I, they can talk a week. There are now 157 rlmrr-lia nivl chapels in the city, of which tho Con gregational Unitarian denomination have 20. tho Concrrep'at.innnl Trinitarian.! 24, tho Baptists 19, the Roman Catholics 18, the Episcopalians 10, tho Presby terians 7, the Universalists 6, Jews uorman .Lutherans 2, Swedenbormans Adventists 2. and Swedish T .ill Vinr- ans 1. That was not n bad reply Eriven re cently at a barn-raising in Pennsylvania to a young man who had been relating his nioro than wonderful exploits in various quarters of the slobe. At the close of ono of theso narratives he was not a littlo set back by the remark of an old codger : " Young man, ain't you ashamed to talk SO when there are older liars on the ground ?'' ' Sovcral days since a Chinaman enter ed the Western Union Telegraph oilico at San Francisco, at noon, with the fol lowing despatch to a friend at Dutch Flat : " Ah Jim ; Ah Foo die at ten o'clock. He under ground now." Tho operator sent the message, and sat him down to muso upon the celerity practiced by tlio Celestials who bury their relatives in less than two hours after death. Au old woman, who died thn ntVinr day at Lowell, was giving orders for her -.1 -.-.J . -al black Bilk gown, nnd they must not take out the back breadth as they did when Sally Smith was 1 lid out. "For," said the old lady, deprccatingly but seriously, " what a hgger tally will cut at the resurrection without any back breadth in her gown." A gentleman from Alabama, whilo riding to South Decrfield, Mass., on tho Ashfield stage, a few mornings ago, had an example of woman's rights that must have astonished him. Ho was seated on tho top of the stage, and as it stopped in Conway was filling his pipe with tobac co for a quiet smoko. At this point a lady, ris sho may bo called by courtesy, got aboitrd, choosing also an outside seat, and her first movo was to snatdi the pipe out of tho Alabamian's hand and throw it away. Texas is an active, pushing and flour ishing State. Railroads are T-rojected that will give it tho proper lacilities for reaching the seaboard, where, in time, increased shipping accommodations will give the wealth of its rich interior coun ties to tho world. The chief interest of the Stato will always rest, in all proba bility, in its agricultural and stock rais ing. We notice the formation there re cently of agricultural, stock raising and industrial associations, which is a step in the right direction. A Tapyrus has been found in a tomb by Mr. Harris, editor of tho London Jlieroglyphical iXaiuhml. As described it forms a roll 131 feet in length and 1 foot 4 inches wide. It dates from tho reign of Rameses III. (tho llamsinit of Herodotus) and contains valuablo infor mations relative to the political and ro ligious civilization of Egypt at that dis tant period. It is written in hieratic characters a mixture of hieroglyphics and signs for letters and syllables. The text is an allocution from llameses III. " to his people and all the men on earth." Rameses therein recounts how he re established the ancient Egyptian wor ship, rebuilt the temples, and endowed them with munificence. The religious movement alluded to relates to the peri od of Moses, to the monothesistic wor ship founded or restored by him, and comprises all the events which termina ted in the ruin of monotheism in Egypt and in the exodus of the Jews. This papyrus is, consequently, hold to be of the highest interest for tho study ef the Mosaic religion and legislation. The monopolists in California are de termed to kill tho gooso that laid their golden egg. The entire wheat crop of the State is estimated to be worth $27, 000,000 to the farmers, but it has fallen at the mercy of a combination of interi or freighters, San Francisco speculators and a shipping monopoly. It costs less to ship a car load of wheat from Coun cil Bluffd, la., or St. Paul. Minn., to New York, 1500 miles, than it does over the .Central Facifio lines, 200 miles. And when the cargoes are lauded at Vallejo or Oakland, it costs from five to six dol lars per ton more to ship it by way of Cape Horn to Liverpool than it did five years ago. The wheat crop of Califor nia in past years has been conveyed to Europe at less than the average of f 17 per ton. This year freights are kept up to $23 and $21 per ton, and only so be cause a combination has monopolized the shipping. The effect of this on the farming interest must be more disastrous than a season of flood or dreught. It sweeps away from the profits on this one crop 5,000,000, at the lowest estimate, and puts that sum into the pockets of the combination who are robbing them.