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! tf ELK COUNTY-TiIE REPUBLICAN PARTY.' I ' f VOL II. . RIDGWAY, PA,. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 187i NO. 38, ! , - -- '7 i Mm j s 6 LOST. lie found at dawn In woodlsnd's deep. Sweet buds still wrnpp'd In dew? sleep. Be cart them on the murm'rlng tide, And wistfI rs1d, " Ml walk beside, I will not hold them to my heart, Last every love should death Impart, But when the he, of day It past, The flowers shall rool my brow at last." The found of belle, the aontr of birds, Ho would not hear, nor children'! werds, lie would not aee two soft bine eyee That sought hli own wlih tad soi-prlse Half lingering aid, " No, no, not yet 1" And turn'd away with faint regret. And ao ther pasi'd nntmrk'd away, The glories of that summer day. With that glad day each aweet found died, The llowere were lout upon the tide, And when nlirht foil In cold repora The stars beheld Ibe bine eyes close. Ah. loolleh heart I thou wonld'st not stay Aiyl seize the brightness of to-dny, Naucht now remains bat longing vain The past can neTer come asaln I THE SQUIRE'S MISTAKE. Squire Dudley was in Lis garden, pull ing weeds in his paten of tame straw berries, on the morning when he took a fancy for Ruth Lee's pretty face. (She came down the road, looking fresh as a new-blown rose, in her plain calico dress and straw hat. Her brown hair, cut short, blew all about her face in little rings, and her blue eyes and bright cheeks made her as pretty a picture as one often sees. Squire Dudley saw her just as she came opposite the strawberry patch, and called out " Good morning xn his brisk, cheery way. "O, good morning I" she answered. "You almost scared me, Bquire Dudley. I didn't see you until you spoke." ' Pleasant morning, i-n't iff" said the Squire, coming up to the fence. Ruth had halted in the road. "It's beautiful weather," answered Ruth. " I told mother it was too pleas ant to stay indoors, and started off on a visit." " Are your strawberries ripe yet?" said the Bquire, wondering that he never had noticed what a fresh, charming face "Widow Lee's daughter had before. " Our strawberries laughed Ruth ; " wo haven't got one. Our old rooster got in one diiy about a week ago, and piuked all he could eat, and then coaxed the hens in, and, between them they ruined our strawberry crop." ' Too bad 1" exclaimed tne sympathetic Squire. " Have so mo of these, Ruth ; they're just ripe enough to be good." He picked some great clusters of ripe berries and handed them over the fence to her. "Thank you," said Ruth, smiling. " How nice they are. Mother was mak ing great calculations on her strawberry jam. Sbe was terribly vexed when she found out what the hens had done." " I've got lots-to spare," said the Squire. . " I'll send some over to your mother." " She'd be much obliged to you," said Ruth, " if you have more than you want-" " " Plenty of them," answered the Squire ; " plenty of them. Can have them just as well as not." " I must be going," said Ruth. " Good morning." " Good morning," returned the Squire, looking after her as she passed down the road. " I declare there am t a prettier girl in town than Ruth Lee. I wonder some of the young fellows have'nt got her away from the widow. If I was a young man now " Squire Dudley stopped suddenly. An idea had just flashed across his brain. " I'm titty," he said at last, after think ing quite bueily for some minutes. " I'm fit'tv. but I don t look it. 1 don t see why I should not try my luck, after all. Girls as young as Ruth marry older men than I am. I'm sure she'd make any man a good wife. Her mother is one of the finest women in the State, and she's brought her daughter up to know how to work and be saving and prudent. I'm sure we need a good housekeeper. Mrs. Brown, she's old and fussy and crooked, and this way ef living am t half living, I do believe I'll marry her, if she'll have me. Maybe Charley '11 say it's foolish, but I can t help that. The Sauire fell to weeding out his strawberries again dilligeutly, and kept thinking about Ruth all the while. Long before dinner was ready be had fully made up his mind to propose marriage to Ruth, and bring home a new house keeper and mistress to the great house whose mistress had been dead for ten years or more ; provided, of course, that Ruth didn't say no, and the Squire thought there wasn't much danger of that, though why he should be so sure I can't say. " Don't you think we need a house keeper ' ' he said to his son Charles that afternoon, as bey sat on the verandah. The Squire evidently saw some new fea ture in the landscape, for he kept his face turned away from Charley's as he spoke. " A housekeeper V asked Charley. "We've got one. What do we want of more, I should like to know '" " Yes, I know," assented the Squire, turning red in the face, and beginning to get a little uneasy ; but Mrs. Brown isn't such a woman as we need. She doesn't take any interest in the work as as a woman would who who had more interest in it." After which extremely logical argu ment the Squire got more fidgety than ever. " I understand that," answered Charley " If she had a personal interest in the place, and in being prudent and keeping things up, she'd do better than she does now. Now, she gets pay for her work, and that'B all she cares for. It's all we can expect of her." " Just so," said the Squire, glad to know that Charley agreed with him so far. I've been thinking this meming that the best thing I could do would be to get some one who would take a personal interest in matters. I clou t see as you intend to get married, ana it you won t, I don't knuw bat I'd better." The Sauire breathed easier. The worst was over witn. . " You tret married ?" exclaimed Char ley, in intense surprise. " Why, I didn't know thai you ever thought of such a thing." " And I haven't till this morning," ex claimed the Bquire. " I got to thinking about it this morning, and the more I thought about it the more I thought it a good plan. . You haven't any objec tions ?'r ' 1 "Of course not," answered Charley. " Ton ot n do as you think best If you diea it advisable to get a wife I have nothing to say further than the hope that you. will get some one who will make you happy." " She will, said the Squire, very de cidedly, " She will, I am sure." i " May I ask who 'tis to be '(" inquired Charley. " I I haven't asked her yet," answered the Squire, as red as a rose. " I'd rather wait until I'm sure of her before I tell who it is. She might say no, you see, and I should feel rather cheap." Prudent Squire Dudley. That after noon he picked a pan of his finest straw berries, and directly after tea started off across lots in the direction of the widow Lee's, Arith the berries on his arm. It was dusk before he got to the widow's, for he walked slowly. He had very busy thoughts for company. He was wonder ing; what it was b-pst to do. Should he propose at once to Ruth, or should he see her mother first and talk witn iter r lie concluded that tne last was the wiser plan. As he opened the gate noiselessly he heard voices in the other corner of the garden, and stopped a moment to find out if it was the widow and her daugh ter. " I never had any idea of it before," said a voice, which ho recognized as Charleys, "not the least in the world. He said he hadn't thought anything about it until to-day. I couldn t find out who he had in view. I hope it isn't old Miss Sharp. She'd like to get some body. The Squire burst into a profuse per spiration at the idea of having Miss Sharp for a wife. , " He said he didn't see as I ever in tended to get married," wenton Charley. " I didn't tell him I had got me a wife picked out, but wanted to. I am sure he'd approve my taste in making a se lection. " What nonsense !" laughed a clear, pleasant voice Ruth's voice, the Squire knew the moment he heard it. " If I am going to be your wife I want you to quit laughing at me in that sly way, pre tending you are flattering mo all the tiuio 1" "His wife! Goodness gracious!" The Squire was so taken by surprise that he came near dropping his straw berries. So it was all settled between them. And he had come near proposing to his son's intended wife. He felt cold all over at the thought of it. How lucky that he did not take Charley into his confidence, and tell him who he had con cluded to marry. " I declare," exclaimed the Squire, " I've made a mistake this time, sure enough. The rascal got the start of me. I'd like to know what I'm to do ? I've told him that I intended to get married, and if I don't, he'll likely as not mistrust something. Dear me !" The Squire was in trouble. Another bright thought occurred to him. There was the widow - - After all, she would be more suitable for him than Ruth would have been. She was somewhere near his own age. "A fine woman. A smart wo man. She would make a fine mistress for his empty house. Why shouldn't he marry her, since he could not have her daughter? "I'll do it," exolaimed the Squire, bound fo go through with the matter since ho had got so far. " I'll do it." He knocked. The door was opened by the widow, round-cheeked, rosy and smiling. " Why, Squire Dudley ! Good even ing," she exclaimed. " I hardly knew you at first, you havn't been here in so long. Come in, take this rocking-chair, and let me take your hat. The widow bustled about and got the Squire a chair and deposited his hat on the table before he hajjpened to think of his basket. " Oh ! Ruth told me your strawberry crop had proved a failure, so I thought I d run over and bring you a few. Straw- berry short-cake don't go bad this time of year." " I'm a thousand times obliged to you, said the widow, taking the basket. " I was so provoked to think the hens should spoil mine. Such a nice lot as I would have had." " It you want any preserves, come over and get 'em," said the Squire. " We've plenty of them. Mrs. Brawn she won't do anything with 'em, ex- cept as we use them in the season of them, I suppose." " I want to know I" exclaimed the widow. " You ought to have thbin done up. lney re so nice in tne winter, i would like to get some tor jam ; ana it Mrs. Brown won t take care of them 1 11 do them up on shares." " I wish you would, said tne Squire. Things are all going to wreck and ruin about nay place. 'Taint to be ex- pected a hired woman will take any in terest in affairs;" and here he sighed deeply. " Not that's so." It was strange that the Squire had not found out how things were going to wreck and ruin before. Mrs Brown had been there ever since Mrs. Dudley died The Sauire and the widow keDt ud a very brisk conversation, and at the end of an hour he was more deeply in love with the widow than her daughter, and began to wonder how he had been so blind as to overlook such a delightful woman so long. By-and-by the widow bustled out, and presently came back with a pitcher of last year s cider ana a plate ot cake. " Do nave something to eat and drink," urged the widow, "it id known you were coming 1 d havn made a cherry pie. I remember you used to like my cherry pie." ' I I wish you'd come and make cherry pies for me all your life," blurted out the Squire, turning very red in the face again. " 1 1 came to ask you to marry me, Mrs. uee. After which innocent falsehood the Squire felt decidedly relieved. " 1 in sure I d as lieve marry you as any man," answered the widow, blush iug. and looking as pretty as a rose. "It's all settled then," cried the de lighted Squire, and he kissed her plump on her lips just as the deor opened and Uharley and Ruth came in. " Allow me to make you acquainted with my new housekeeper," said the Squire, bowing very low to bide his red i ace. " And allow me te present my wife that is to be, answered Charley. " Xou take the mother and I'll take the dausb ter." I am happy to say that, tinder the "new administration," things are no longer going to wreck and rain. General Lafayette's Witch. It it doubtless within the recollection' of many that in the year 1824 General Lafayette made a tour of this country, attended by such an ovation as offered, perhaps, the grandest spectacle of a na tion's tribute to a hero the world has ever seen. During his tour, while on a visit to some town in the State of Ten nessee, the General wag mysteriously robbed of his watch, a valued souvenir, which had been presented to him (in 1781) by General George Washington to commemorate at once the affectionate relatioas which had long existed between them, and his gallant services at the seige of Yorktown, the crowning event in the struggle for American inde pendence. Directly upon the robbery becoming known, most strenuous efforts were made for its recovery, but, despite the fact that the Governor of Tennessee offered a reward of one thousand dollars for its return, not the slightest trace of it was thereafter obtained, and General Ltfayette was eventually compelled to return to France, resigned to the thought that the precious gift of his dear friend was lost to him forever. The years passed on, and with their lapBe men's recollection of the circum stance faded away. Lafayette died in 1834, and lor a space of ferty-eight years the stolen watch bore an unknown his tory. At the end of that time, but a few days ago, a gentleman residing in this city, while visiting Louisville, at tended an auction sale at a junk shop, where, strange to relate, he found among the articles offered a watch which, upon examination, he discovered to be the long lost watch of Lafayette. Suffice it to say that he eagerly pur chased it, and as quickly formed the resolution to transmit it to the family of lieneral Jjatayette, now residing in Faris ; pending wh'ch transmission, how ever, the gentleman nas brought it to his home, and has consented to its ex hibition for a few days at E. A. Tyler's eweiry store, on Uanal street. The watch is open-faced, of cold, with a double case, and may be remarked as of a peculiar appearance, being of only ordinary size, but nearly as thick as it is wide. The outer case bears upon its entire surface carved figures, in ha relief, representing the picture of Mars offering a crown to the goddess of Peace, who U surrounded by her emblems, while over all appear the stern implements of war, hung high out of reach. On the inner case appears the yet clearly legible in scription : u. wa'ttington To Gilbert Mattiera de Inrfuette. Lord Cornwallis's Capitulation. Yorktown. Decu'r 17. 1781." On the covering of the works is seen the maker's name E. Halifax, London, 1759. One can believe that the sight of this relic, with its host ef historical recollec tions clustering about it, is well fitted to awaken a host of reflections, and carry one's imagination over the bridge of nearly a century, to the time when the two dead and gone hero friends stood side by side, carving out their glorious names and fame, which to-day shine through the long vista of years with lustre that can never fade. New Orleans limes. Railway Operatives Tald by the Hour. The Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad Company has, says the National Oar jsuihler, mads an interesting exper iment which, by its successful result, seems to have solved the labor question, so tar as that corporation is concerned. beveral months ago the superintendent initiated the plan of paying the em ployees of the company by the hour, The mechanics in the shops of the com pany were all paid by this standard, wmle engineers and other train men were paid according to the number of miles they ran. The latter plan, though obviously liable to produce inequalities ot compensation, is said to have worked satisfactorily, so that in busy seasons the engineers made as much as f 150 a month. Ih the Bbope, the men were employed all through the season, but worked a re duced number of hours, while in slack times they were also employed fewer hours, instead of being discharged. At hrst some ot the workmen objected, but a trial of the scheme is said to have con vinced all of them of its fairness. It affords the corporation a perfect protec tion against strikes., and removes all cause of ill-feeling between the employ ers and employed. To some exteut the same mode of payment is practiced by the Reading Railroad Company. The brakesmen, and 'probably the engineers and conductors, are paid by the number of trips made. An Illinois Girl's Manoeuvre. The daughter of a well-to-do Illinois farmer yielded her affection to the suit of a humble shoemaker, who appealed to the old folks to give their sanction to the match. They refused, of course. Last summer the maiden began to pine away, and by eating slate pencils and drinking vinegar, made of herself a most interest ing invalid. The solicitude of her family was aroused, and all whims of the sick girl were readily complied with. She seemed to have a mania for new and ele gant clothing of all kinds, and the old gentleman spent a goodly share of his hoard in gratifying her withe. In tact she laid up for herself a first-class ward robe, and a few days ago disappeared from the paternal roof. A St. Louis jus tice of the peace united her to the Cris pin of her choice, and there is mourning at tne lariu nouse in tne irraine orate. South American Coast. Important announcements have been made by Professor Agassiz, in reference to tbe South American coast. Among . ..... . ... otners, ne tninks ne nas proved tbe ex istence of glaciers on the southern ex tremity of the continent, about Mon tevideo, in Patagonia, and in Chili. He has also proved the fact of a recent up heaval of the Patagonian coast by the disoovery of a salt water pond many feet above the highest tide, containing large numbers of living marine mollusca, pre cisely identical in species with those of the waters below. On the other hand, the fact of a very decided subsidence of the Andes in recent times has been shown by a comparison of observations made of heights of different mountain summits or passes, taken at intervals within the last hundred years. Ninety thousand barrels of nork "cornered in Chicago tor a rue. The S Lores'' of Garibaldi. . V, Anne Brewster, writing from Milan touches upon the following incidents in the life of the great Italian Liberator : The villas on Lake Como have various attractions ; some are historical, some are simply hoipitable, although elegant enough to bo show villas, whioh they are not; and some have curious histories. Near Como is a palatial villa, with forest-like grounds, which is one of many villas belonging to GaTibaldi's second wife, the Marcbesa. He has refused 750,000 francs for this villa dell' Orino, but it is said he will take a million if offered, A gentleman who sat next me the other day at a dinner-party gave me a little bit of a romance about the Mar- chesa Garibaldi, as the second wife of tV.e fainous-ltalian General is called. I had heard that she was the wife of Gari baldi's son. ' " Not at all," said my dinner-table companion, a Milanese count, who knew all about the strange affair ; " she is the second wife of the General himself. She left him the day after the wedding, and they have never met since." I looked all the questions I was dying to ask, upon which he added, with a laugh and shrug, as if he knew more than was proper to tell at that moment : " No reasons were ever given on either side." The subject was dropped, but it re called to me a strange story I had heard some years ago of a seoond marriage of Garibaldi's, and which served well to join on to the unfinished or broken link that my dinner acquaintance had given me, I'll tell it to you as it was told to me, and you can join the two links or not, just as you please. it was at least a dozen years ago. me lady was young, titled, rich, handsome, and fast. No name was given me. She conceived a desperate, passionate ad mi. ration tor the famous "Jjioerator ot Italy." She was young enough to be Garibaldi s daughter, and he was posing then, as he has always, for the inoonaol. able widower the celebrated " Anita, his first wifo. who accompanied him through many of his adventures, and whose sad death has been so often and so touchingly described, is supposed to be the only love of Garibaldi's life. Never theless, the marriagu took place between the General and tbe young Lombardy Marches. But, sad to relate, on tbe wedding day, after the ceremony, Gari baldi received information, with un doubted proofs, of the immorality of his young bride. VV by had he not been lu formed sooner ? I cannot tell you any thing but the simple story as I heard it. 1 never ask questions on such occasions. 1 think it keep the cream ot a romance from rising properly. When the newly married pair were left alone, Garibaldi told his young wife what he had heard, but added, " If you will say you are an honest woman, I will take your word." "But if I cannot, what then ?" asked the Marchesa. " We must part forever this very mo ment," replied Garibaldi. The young woman turned, left her husband of an hour, and never saw him again. It was said that the stories against her character were false, and the voung girl, though gay, was innocent But her pride was so wounded at the charge being made by her husband at that moment, and in such a peremptory manner, that she scorned to justify her self ; his want of faith in her dispelled her illusions and broke the charm of her love. Increased Consumption of Sugar. Though the manufacture of sugar was commenced in ;the West Indies early in the sixteenth century, yet its use in do mestic economy did not become general in Europe or America before the begin ning of the last century. In the year 1 1()0, only 10,000 tons were used in Great Britain, though the English were at that time the leading manufacturers ot sugar. The consumption of sugar in the British Islands in the year 1870 is stated at 600,000 tons. In this country tbe con sumption of sugar is steadily increasing. Since the close of the late war, the ratio of increase has been about 10 per cent, annually, and in the year 18T1 the sugar consumed in the United States amounted to 700,000 tons, an increase of 15 per cent, on the preceding year. This is the largest consumption of sugar, in propor tion to the popu'ation, found in uny na tion on the globe. A very small pro portion ef the sugar consumed in the United States is produced within its own territory, while in Europe the produc tion ot sugar is rapidly increasing, and bids fair soon to render the urinciual na tions of that quarter independent of the tropical regions in regard to the supply of sugar. Since the year 1850, the pro duction cf sugar from beets in France has risen from 60,000 tons to 300,000; in Austria, from 10,000 to 80,000 tons ; and Russia, where beet-culture was intro duced since 1850, now produces 100,000 tons of sugar. X he increased consump tion of sugar may be taken as the evi dence of an advance toward a higher civilization. - . A Thorn In the Flesh. Sixty-one year ago Mr. Willian Wirt man, a well-known citizen of Bath county, Ky. he then being quite a young man ran a thorn into his foot, below his ankle, from which he suffered con siderably. As it went deep, the attempt of the physicians to extract it caused him excruciating pain so much bo, that it was deemed best to desist from further attempt, for fear lock-inw might ensue, The thorn remained in tbe foot, and iu course of time the wound made by it healed up. The pain ceased, and after that he experienced no inconvenience from walking on the wot. Time passed on, and he thought no more of the matter until last week, when, feeling an itching sensation in the leg just below the knee, be scratched the part, when the skin loosened and gave way, and, to his surprise, a dark sueck was visible. He caught hold of it with his thumb and fore-finger, and pulling at it out came the thorn. It had been imbedded sixty-one years, and had made its way thus far up his leg, coming out on tbe side opposite to that in which it entered. The thorn when it came out wag as sound as when it went in. All the above is strictly true. Indiana has twenty-three daily, four tn-weekly, one semi-weeniy, 213 weekly Karrlago of a Widow In India. . In India there is a strong reform par ty, the object of which is to promote the marriage of widows. Formerly the Hin doo widow considered it her duty to go to the funeral pile and be consumed with her husband s corpse ; but this practice having been abolished by the British authorities in India, the plan of starving to which attention has been specially di ll as frequently been resorted to by wid- reefed for some years in the BOuthern ws as a means of fulfilling the require- counties, although they grow in many ments of their religion ; while those who other parts of the State, have consented to survive their lords The almond begins to bear at three have been obliged by publio opinion to years from the bud, and at five years will wear a certain dress, live in retirement, eat sparingly, and make themselves as miserable as possible. Against such requirements the reform party spoken of are waging bitter war, insisting that there is no good reason why Hindoo wadows should not be per- mitted to marry a second time as well as English widows. A recent number of the Bombay Ga- tette contains an account of the tribula tions ff a young widow named Jivokre, who had charge of a girls' school in a villae in the Broach collectorate, and who so far defied native opinion as to contemplate a second marriage. The mother of the lady discovered her de sign, and had her strictly watched to prevent her bringing such disgrace upon her family. A stratagem on the pirt of the young lady's lover to evade this surveillance was detected by the villa- rer. who rnsn in virtuous indignation, seized Jivokre. shaved her hair and cru- pllv TnrtnrRrl her. after whie.h h waa taken to another village end put under lnelr ttnrl rrmin. All thean inrlio-nitiea to Jivokre only served to increase the deter mination of her lover, who was a school master, and he appealed to the magis trate for aid. Eventually the widow was released, while two of her persecutors were committed to prison for trial, and soon after she was quietly married by iSrahmans in tbe presence ot a large number .ot the reform party. It is not probable, however, that Jivokre's troubles are over yet.for the Hindoos are greatly incensed against her for what they regard as a shocking violation ot morality. The priests who performed the .ceremony are threatened with ex communication, and various wavs will undoubtedly be found to remind both husband and wife of the estimation in which they are held by their neighbors. Still the event is considered important as a practical ftep toward the correction nf a false publio sentiment among the Hindoos. The Housekeeper. TO KEEP JELLIES FROM MOULDING, Pulverize loaf sugar as fine as flour if possible, and cover the surface of the jelly with this to the depth of one-fourth of an inch. This will prevent mould, even if the jellies are kept tor years. EGO MIRROB. Smear a dish with some fresh butter ; break some newly laid eggs, one at a time, into a teacup, and lay them in the dish carefully, sprinkle over them a little salt and pepper, and place them in the oven until they are well set. Make a small shovel pan red hot, and bold it over tbe eggs until they are But ficiently cooked, and serve while hot. DIXAH'S GINGERBREAD. Two cupfuls of molasses, two cupfuls of water or sour milk, half a cupful ot brown sugar, one tablespoonful ot gin- ger, one ot melted butter, and one and a half teaspoonfuls of saleratus ; add a lit tie salt; not very stiff; bake in two large cakes. hue stopping a few days at Saratoga last summer, the excellent gingerbread on the table attracted general notice, I made my way to the kitchen, and learn- ed from Dinah, the cook, her process of making it ; and for want ot anotbet name we called it Dinah s gingerbread. Carrot coffee I drank in New Hampshire and like it well. It is said to be very good for those subject to bilious difficul ties. A HOUSEKEEPER. PEACH PTJDDINO. One quart of peaches cut fine and well flavored, one desert plate of bread crumbs, three eggs, one pound of suet chopped fine, one nutmeg and one glass ot wmo ; serve with wine sauce. APPLE FLOAT. To one quart of apples, partially stewed and well mashed, put the whites of three eggs well beaten, and four heap ing tablesDoonfuls ot loaf sugar: beat them together tor tureen minutes, ana eat with rich milk and nutmeg. Useful Invention. The most complete and useful inven tion in use for supplying railroad !. gines with water without stopping trains at tanks, as is customary, is that i& use on the Pennsylvania Railroad, and some other roads leading from Pittsburg. The following is a description of tbe ar rangemeut and its workings: In the centre of the track is an iron trough, one-fourth of a mile long, eighteen inch es wide, and six inches deep. Near a stream is the steam engine (same used in filling a tank,) with force pumps, and along the trough is a water pipe with "inlet pipes" at distances of a few yardf , through which the trough is filled with water, no tank being used. Also along the trough is a steam pipe, for use in freezing weather ; and at distances of about three yards are inlet pipes through which the steam is forced into the trough of water and prevents freezing. A heavy pressure of steam will soon make the water "on a boil." At short distances iu said steam pipe are " Extension Joints," so that if theie is a heavy pressure of steam, the length of tbe pipe is increased and the pipe is not " bursted" by tbe A Second Great Eastern. A con extra pressure. When a locomotive draw- tract has been made by Hooper's Tele ing a train reaches tbe trough, tbe engi- neer or assistant, by a lever, lowers an iron scoop into tne trough, dipping four inches, the speed is slightly checked, and the speed forces a stream of water from the trough up the scoop into the water tanks of the tender. Before the end of the trougn is reacnea tne necessary sup- ply of water is on hand, the scoop m raised to its proper place, and the train proceeds on time. This we consider one of the best ana simplest invention in use, and is another evidence of Ameri- cans being a fast, very Jatt, people, and that they knew how to go through without stopping on the way. The American oyster has keen pro- 3 1 1 A. J , 1 . nounoea tne pest in tne world. FruiNGrowing in California. Mr. Charles Nordhoff 's new book has an interesting chapter on the cultivation ot the semi-tropical fruits in California, whioh has been attended with a degree of suooess that seems almost incredible. The orange, almond, olive, lemon, citron, lime, and Englii-h walnut are the fruits yield twelve pounds to the tree, or 1,200 pounds to the aore, which at twents cents a pound would give $ 240 an acre. They bear tor several years, and at eight years may be reckoned on for twenty pounds to the tree, which would give $400 to the acre. The almonds fall to the ground when they are ripe ; the husk is easily nicked off : and as the harvest time is dry, the shells are bright and clean. The olive grows slowly at first, be ginning t bear at four years, but does not yield a full crop until the tenth or twelfth year. It then returns on an average for the orchard about twenty- hve gallons of olives for each tree. It is more profitable to make the fruit into oil than to pickle it. From five to seV' en gallons ot ripe olives go to one gallon ot . , , . , T1o citron, which bears in four or five years, IS also a profitable crop, it IS a straggling, tall ehrub ; three of them in i"s Angeles bore, at tour years, without 8Peci.al c.arVthis year, forty-five dollars worth Ot fruit, The lemon, which beeomes a statoly, tar-spreaaing tree, bears in ten years a valuable crop. It is not yet planted in orchards to a great extent; one tree, ten years old, which I saw in Los Angeles, yielded bUO lemons ; one, ntteen years old, bore two thousand lemons. They fetch in San Francisco thirty dollars per 1,000. Last, I come to the orange. " All these trees do well, and are profitable," said an orange cultivator to me ; "but they don't compare with the orange ; when you have a bearing orange orch ard, it is like finding monrvy in the street. Los Angeles is, at present, the center of tbe orange culture in this State. The treo grows well in all Southern Cali fornia, where water can be had for irri gation. bixty orange trees are commonly planted to the acre. They may be safely transplanted at three or even tour years. if care is used to keep the air from the roots. They grow from seed; and it is believed in California that grafting does not change or improve the fruit. It be gins to bear in irorn six to eight years irom the seed, and yields a crop tor mar ket at ten years. Xt is in (Jautornia, as elsewhere, a tre mendous bearer. At Los Angelos I saw two trees in an orchard, one seventeen years old, from which 2,800 oranges bad been picked, and it still contained a tew another, three years younger, had yield ed 2,000 oranges. At from ten to twelve years from the seed the tree usually bears 1,000 oranges, and they are Belling now in ban r ran Cisco tor from ten dollars to thirty-hve dollars per thousand. I have satisfied myself, by examina tion of nearly all the bearing orchards in the southern counties, and by compar ing tho evidence of their owners, that at ntteen years from tbe seed, or twelve years from the planting of tnree-year old trees, an orange oicbard which has been faithfully cared tor, and is favor ably situated, will bear an average of 1,000 oranges to tbe tree. This would give, at $20 per 1,000 a low average a product ot $1,200 per acre. Une man can car tor 20 acres ot such 1 orchard; and every other expense, including picking, boxes, shipping, and commissions in San Francisco is covered by $5 per acre. The net profit per acre would, therefore, be a trifle less than $000. Mr. Rose has 2,000 acres of fine, fair- lying land, well watered, so that he can irrigate the whole of it. Twelve hundred acre 8 are under fence, and in cultivation and pasture. He raises, as field crops, barley, wheat, and oats, and keeps a large range for a valuable herd of mares and colts, the latter from three stallions which he has imported from the East. His orchard consists of 400 young but bearing orange-trees, 4,000 not bearing, and 2,000 more now being planted ; 500 lemons, of which 50 are in bearing ; 13o,000 vines, from which be made 100,- 000 gallons of white wine, and 3,000 gal lons of brandy, last year j 350 English walnuts, loo almonds ; and the place contains besides, in considerable quanti ties, apples, petrs, peaches, apricots, nec tarines, pomegranates, hgs, Spanish chestnuts and olives. He mentioned to me, as part of his last year's crop, 250,000 oranges, 50,000 lemons, 25,000 pounds of walnuts, etc., etc He thinks his success due to deep and thorough cultivation, and regular irri gation. He irrigates all his trees once iu six weeks, and plows or hoes after every irrigation. 1 did not see a single weed or bunch of grass in all his orch ards, and sucn clean culture is very pleasant to the eye. He has on his place wine-presses, and a still-rouse for mak ing brandy. One man on his place, and with his system,, can care for twenty acres of orchard, and one man can pick 5,000 oranges in a day. He buys the shocks and makes his own boxes, and also makes his own wine-casks. His reg ular force consists of fifteen men, of whom the plowmen are Indians ; some others are Chinese. graph Works (limited) for tbe construe- tion of a steamer specially desigued for the laving ot submarine telegraph cables. This will be the first cable steamer specially built, and it is contemplated that a considerable saving will be effect- ed in the cost of laying future submarine cables by its use. The vessel will be ca pable of taking 3,000 to 4,000 miles of cable in one length, and will be em- ployed in the submergence of the Great I Western Telegraph Company eable, and of whioh about one thousand miles have passed the tests of Sir William Thomson and Prof. Fleeming Jenkin, the I engineers of the company. There are five female practising physi cians i uinguamton, i. 1. Facts and Figures. Potatoes in Maine are selling for thir ty cents a bushel. A scooped pumpkin made an excel lent ballot box at a reeent Kansas elec tion. Two Indian mothers have been arrests ed at Oakland, California, for papoose icide. . Native Alaskans get drunk on beer made by fermenting sugar and flour to gether. Immense white pearl buttons are now much used as trimming for mourning dresses. Ostrich feathers and Chantilly lace are much used together for trimming street costumes. - A oigBT factory has just been started in Key West, Fla., whioh will employ 500 hands. There is a negro woman' living near Columbus, Ga., 106 years old, who never nursed Washington. The creek which formerly flowed un der the Natural Bridge in Virginia has entirely disappeared. The State of Nebraska is building a penitentiary at Lincoln that will accom modate 800 boarders. A good drain on a farm. Heavy mort gage at ten per cent, will drain it about as rapidly or anything. One thousand dollars fine or imprison ment for one year is the penalty tor bet ting on elections in Illinois. Borax, hitherto mainly proeured from foreign sources, has been found to exist in inexhaustible quantities in Nevada. The " little busy beeB " of Pennsylva nia have been unusually industrious the past season and the honey crop will be large. The Union Pacific Railroad is having a snow plough constructed that will weigh htty tons and will require three locomo tives to move. Professor T. Sterry Hunt, one of the most distinguished scientific- men of the day, has taken up his residence in Bos ton, and become one of the Professors of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech nology. Circumstantial evidence is not always correct, but when you see an old farmer who owns a fine water melon patch buy ing jalap or ipecac, it is safe to wander beyond his plantation in selecting your melons after dark. A colored gentleman went to consult one of the most conscientious lawyers, and after stating his case, said, " Now, . Mr. , I know you's a lawyer, but I wish you would please, sir, jiss toll me de truff 'bout dat matter." Tho misery of being called upon sud denly to make a speech wis got over by a mathematician, who delivered himself in this fashion ; " Gentlemen, a morbid desire for originality prevents me from saying, 1 this is the proudest moment of my life,' and it does not occur to me to say anything else." Much as we grumble about the travel ling accommodations upon our railroads, we are much better off than our British brethren. There is not in either Eng land, Ireland or Scotland such a thing as a sleeping car; nor, in fact, anywhere in Europe save in Russia, where the rail roads are modelled after our own. Co-operative dairying is becoming ex tensively practised. In fact, it has been found to be the best, cheapest, and most satisfactory way of bringing the con tents of the dairy to market. Of all co operative associations, those for cheese or butter-making, or for sending milk to consumers direct, have been the most successful. Baltimore oysters are now sent to Lon don by the ship-load. During the past winter a British steamship made two trips from the Chesapeake to that city, loaded exclusively with Baltimore oys ters, and so great was the success attend ing the experiment that three large ves sels are now on the way to that port under charter to -take oysters to Lon don. A deer swam across the Ohio River, from Ohio to the Kentucky shore the other day, near the mouth of the Little Miami River, and was subsequently shot and was killed by the men working at the pumping house of the .Newport Water Works. A quarrel arese among some of the parties about the killing of the ani mal, whioh resulted in one of them breaking the other s arm by striking it with a gun. At Barnsley, Charles Garrety, an aged man, employed as cupola or furnace tender at the well-known Oaks colliery, was committed for two months, without the option of a fine, for being found in possession of a quantity of matches, con trary to the special rules-of the colliery. The Chairman said in consequence of serious explosions which had occurred in Yorkshire and elsewhere the magistrates had come to a decision to commit all persons found with matches in their pos session. The Transcript notioes the exportation of Boston carriages and harness to Eng land last week. It says : " The English, have long studied these branches of me chanical art, and are quite perfect in them, in some sense. But our schooling has differed from theirs, and our results differ. Distances are great in this coun try, roads heavy often, and Americans have been more concerned with the at tainment of speed and light weight than with tbe stately, ponderous style of the Old World. As we lead the world in that inestimable artificial product, the trotting horse, so we do in the attain ment of the desiderata in the way of equipage whioh go to complete his tri umph. A good deal of discussion is taking place in England on a subject which is anything but pleasant the flogging of a certain class of criminals. A member of Parliament, whose opinion are worthy of respect, and who is evidently very tender-hearted, protests against this punishment, and says it makes bin ashamed of being an Englishman ; but really he need uot be ashamed of that, unless it be that he is ashamed of being a fellow-countryman of the scoundrels that are flogged. We have never seen the administration of the cat, and hope we never may, but we believe it is a very hopeful chastisement in certain oases, and believe moreover that it would be well to extend this punishment to those who commit violent outrages on women and children in every clime.