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HENRY A. PARSONS," Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL. DESl'KIUNDTJM. Two Dollars per Annum. - r ...... M . , . m m .. mm m. m ,., - - p-.-- - - - - - - - ... - ' " ; ; 4 r", T ' ' " 19 ' -' " ' 1 ' " ; VOL. HI. " ' 111DGAVAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., TIIUKSPAY, OGTOBEIl 1G, 1878. NO. 33. ' . !.. ' ..I. .."''"." '' .'. : : .....- -ii m i i m Feminine Xames anil Their Meaning. Frances ih truly fair, Bertha is purely bright, Clara is clear to neo, I.ucy in a star of light, Felicia is happy anhnppy can be; Catharine is pure, Ilarbara from afar, Mublo is very fair, Henrietta 1b a Htar, Margaret is a pearl thrown up from the aca, Muriel i sweetest myrrh, Aniplia is sincere, Agatha is vory'good, Ilridgot is shining hero ; Matilda is a lady of honor truo, Susan Is a lily, Cclia dim of sight, Jano a graceful widow, licatrico gives delight, Elinabptli au oath, pure as morning dniv. Sophia is wisdom. Lotitia is a joy, Adeline a princess, Julia a jewel toy, Rebecca is faithful as the light of day; Constance Is resolute, flrace is a favor moot, Charlotte is nobility, Harriet an odor sweet, Abigail is joyful as a robin's lay. Sarah is a lady, Isabel is fair, Luanda is consistent, Jemima sounds in the air. Caroline is noble spirited and bravo ; Jtyrtla is well, ' . ' Judith a song of praiec. Cornelia a harmony , IVmcilla aucient of davs. BY THE SAD SEA MAYES. "Yes, Alf., the waves have always to rue a sad, uncertain sound." " Don't lie soft, Torn." "But I tell you it is true. Just listen, now, to the murmur of the. surf. It rushes and recedes like the coming and going of memories which one would " " Bosh I" " There's no bosh about it, I am in earnest. The restless sea always breathes in my ears a tale in which bitter disappointment is mingled with longing regret for something swallowed np in the irrevocable past !" "Oli, eomo now, Tom, yon sicken ine. You'd better turn poet", and pour out the surgings of your soul on paper. I nm sure you would be a success, at least in the eyes of love-sick girls." "Noj no ! Alf., you -are sarcastic, you misunderstand me. I could tell you a sad tale that would cause you to t listen indulgently to such rhapsodiz inprs as you now profess to b? dirgusted .with." " Indeed !" " Yes ; and if you should hear it, you would then understand why it is that the sound of the waves always has such a melancholy effect on me." " Oh, teUit, by all means !" " Will you listen attentively ?" "Yes." , " And not interrupt me with any of your discordant, unfeeling comments?" "No." "All right ; I'll tell it then." And thereupon Tom Blanchard re lated to my curious ears the following account of a hitherto unrerealod episode in his life. ( " It wai'tflo years ago, I was so journing by the sea-side, and occupied comfortable quarters in the ' Spray House.' The season was gay. Beauti- fnl girls, resplendent in all the decora- tions of the fashion-artists ; watchful, wary, gorgeous mothers ; eager, rest less young bucks, like myself, with a sprinkling of fathers, who oscillated between the attractions of the place and the stern demands of business, these were the principal 'elements of the throng that made glad the landlord of the Spray House. " You can readily imagine that I was not backward iu participating in the plcrsures of the place. 1 had plenty of money, and ' went in on my nervej' as the boys say. Oh, it was a grand carnival of flirting ! Hearts were toyed ivith, smiles were flung about, and glances shot at willing targets with luxurious looseness. The mad frolics of thoso in whom nonsense held prime sway nnde lively work for the anxious matrons, whose grip on the reins was only too infantile iu its weakness. "One day there was anew arrival. A worn, n with eyes like the reflection of the midnight moon in still water, hair sp in from gathered darkness, a round, soft, perfectly-shaped face, com plexion of alabaster whiteness, with cheeks of warmest crimson an inde scribable air which was irresistibly fascinating. Ah, words can convey but a faint, tame, insufficient picture of Irene Vance ! " Sho at once created a sensation, and there was a regular stampede of young fellows seeking introductions to her. She received the homage that was showered upon her very quietly and cooly, treating all with an easy grace that,- to those who wished to approach her beyond, a certain point of polite cor diality, was fairly maddening. She was an orphan, so it came to be under stood, and rumor said she was possessor of a snug fortune in' her own right. She was accompanied by an aunt, an elderly, . respectable, matronly looking woman, who said but little, but . who, I more than once noticed, had a Tory sharp, observant eye. This, how ever, was as it. should bo, I thought, for Irene was besieged with attentions, and it was well for her to be under the gnardianship of one versed in the ways of the world. - "I fell in love with her, as was to be expected, and did not endeavor to con ceal my admiration. Bat she treated in a provoking cool and unconscious manner the bestowal of any marked at tention, which conduct of oourse only stimulated my desires." "She had her carriage, horses, and coachman, and it was not long before I discovered the particular drive she took each morning. Thenceforward I made it my business to walk daily to a point cn. the beach which I knew she "' would pass, and soon it became a -part ' oi caoh forenoon's programme for me '' to station myself on a certain-rocky, perch, and look up from my book to greet het as she! panned. These morn ing greetings actually grew to be a part of my existence. For her smiles grew more free and cordial day by day, and threw me ip.to an ecstasy that is always felt by one who imagines himself on a smooth course of true love. .i . "One morning 1 occupied my accus tomed position, and at the usual time discovered Irene's carriage approaching. Something, however, seemed to be wrong. The horses were Coming at an unusual tate of speed, and the coach man waa islanding up in front of his seat, apparently using his Utmost exer tions to control them, "After p, moment's anxious watching, I saw, with a thrill of horror, that the fiery steeds were running a way. Irene was in danger! "Full of fright and distress, on her account, I rushed to the roadside. The horses came flying along at a mad speed, heeding net tha energetic pull ing on the reins by the driver nor his frantie shouts at them. "My course was determined upon in an instant. I braced my nerves for a desperate struggle, and awaited the ap proach of the running team. They were soon close upon me, and I sprang forward and seized the reins close to the bit. I olung with an ironlike grip, and lifted myself up from the ground to avoid being trampled upon, as well as to bring a dead weight on the horses' heads. Fortunately, my grasp was a sure one, and I was able to retain my hold firmly. The animals were obliged to succumb, and soon stopped, panting and reeking with perspiration. " The driver, as soon as he could, sprang from his seat, and came to my relief. He began to pour out profuse thanks, but I, not heeding him, ran around to the side of the carriage. I was out of breath, and somewhat blind ed with dust, but unhurt. Irene sat upright, clinching the seat, with a vildness in her eyes, and a frightened flash on her cheeks, that made her dazzlingly '-beautiful. . As soon, however, as she realized that the danger was past, the color fled from her face, and she sank back, almost over come. " 'Thank heaven ! you are safe', I ejaculated. "'Thank you also,' she said, in trembling accents. 'Oh, it .was fearfull How brave and prompt you were 1' " She gave me a melting look that penetrated to the very marrow of my bones, " ' Don't speak of that,' I said. 'It is enough to know that you are unhurt. " 'Is it, indeed?' she said, in a sort of shy surprise. "'Your safety would repay us for a dozen broken bones,' I rejoined, with fervor, ' let alone this slight sprinkling of dust. What caused the horses to run away ?' "'I cannot imagine. They are spirited, but seldom fractious. Some thing must Jmye frightened them. I can never feel grateful enough to you.' " ' Grateful ! Please do not use that word. It is cold, as compared with my joy at seeing you unharmed.' "'Is my safety then, so much ' She hesitated at blushed. "'It is everything to me,' I said. 'Are you not afraid to continue to ride, now?' " ' Oh, no 1 The horses, I think, will make no more trouble. James usually manages them with perfect ease. I think ho must be slightly intoxicated this morning.' " ' Then you must not think of in trusting yourself with him agaim ! If you insist on finishing your ride, you will at least permit me to accompany you.' " ' If it will not be interrupting your morniuff siesta,' she said, hesitatingly, but, I imagined, with a very wistful look. " I assured her that it would be a most charming interruption, and, wait ing only long enough to brush some of the dust from my clothes, sprang into tne carnage uesiue her. " lien we were unaer way, 1 in formed her that our daily greeting, as she passed my favorite resort on the beach, was a bright spot in each morn ing of my life. "She opened her eyes in innocent wonder, and expressed a doubt that such a little thing as that deserved such extravagant mention. " I assured her that it was not a little thing that a kind look from her was a very great thing in my estima tion. " She then suggested that I was given to flattery. " I disclaimed any such propensity with earnestness, and then she became pensive and thoughtful. " After that we became more confi dential, and talked in low tones. " Ah, that ride 1 -I wished it might never come to an end ! But it did, and after assisting her to alight and bidding her good morning, I walked about with a swelling exultation and buoyant joy that knew no bounds. "After that I was with Irene much. We walked, and rode, and sat together, and occasionally had long, solitary, blissful interviews, that seemed to me like glimpses of some higher exist ence. " To be sure, my public attentions to her were little in excess of those she received from some others she would show no preference that might cause re mark. But if I was occasionally piqued at this, a walk in the moonlight, or a half hour's tete-a-tete in a lolitary cor ner of the verandah, would set matters right, and elevate me to an exalted point of beatitude. And so my infatu ation waxed stronger and approached its zenith. " One evening-prl shall never forget it Irene came to me in trouble. I was sitting on the verandah, taking my cus tomary smoke, at an hour when most of the guests had fled to their rooms to make their evening toilettes. " Suddenly I heard footsteps ap proaching, and the sound of voices en gaged in hostile discussion. One voice was that of a man, and the other was Irene's. I was immediately all atten tion. "The two came nearer, and turning around a corner of the building, were in close proximity to me. "' Well, James,' said Irene, you will have to .quit my service immediately,' " ' Quit your sarvieoi is it, mum !' said James, angrily. 1 recognized his voice as that of her eoachuiau. " Yes. I cannot tmt ill! with vour impudence and your bad habits any longer. Last night you were intoxi cated again, and ; p. I , " Here Irene abruptly ceased speak ing, having observed me, Jomes saw me also, but was in nowise abashed, Said he t I " 'And if a lad can't take a dhrop of the Crater once iu a while, where's his liberty gone T By the powers, mum, ye'd wish me to be as straight-laced as any praste or parson I' " He spoke with a tone and air of in solence. Irene looked at me in con fused embarrassment, and yet appeal ingly. " I arose and greeted lie, 'ignoring the presence of her coachman. But the latter was not to be rebuffed. He made some rough remark about re ceiving the amount due on his wages. '"What is it, Miss Irene ?' I asked. "Are you in trouble ? And would it serve you any to have me pitch this fel low over the railing ?" " ' Oh !' she exclaimed, CI beg of you not to soil your hands on him.' " ' Faith, an something more than his hands would be soiled should he at tempt it I' said the ruffian. " ' Be respectful, you blackguard,' said I, ' or it will be the worse for you.' "With an exclamation of distress, Ireno placed herself between lis. " 'Keep silent, James,' she entreated, 'and listen, Mr. Blanchard, while I explain. I have been forced to dis miss James, on account of his bad habits ' " ' Let the bad habits alone and give James his pay, and faith he'll be ofT 1' interrupted the coachman. - ".'Yon shall have your pay,' ex claimed Irene, turning toward him in indignation. ' Do not presume to speak to me again in that way 1' "'An' it's yerself that knows how I can be silenced," was the dogged reply- "I made a restless movement, and could hardly refrain from attacking the teilow. "Irene said, in a low tone: 'Let him alone, Mr. Blanchard. He is as stroncr as an ox. and would' kill you And a fracas with a servant would be so disgraceful.' " ' Oh, I am in a terrible situation,' she continued, ' 1 ought not to mention it to you, though.' " ' Do not hesitate,' I implored. ' You know what a privilege I will re gard it to serve you. " With a blush, and a pained look, she said : ' I owe James seventy dol lars, and all I have with mo is a check on a New Y'ork bank for three hundred. I was going to the city to draw the money next week, not dreaming that I should need it before that time. I can not bear to ask a servant to wait. They know nothing of such things, and can make one a world of trouble ana em. barrassnient.' " ' Is that all your troublo ?' I has tened to say. ' If so, you shall be re lieved immediately,' " ' Oh, I am afraid I iniposo on your generosity, Perhaps 1 had better ask the landlord though I dislike to ap proach a stranger on such a suuiect James was so noisy that I could not help letting you know it.' " ' Certainly,' I replied. ' I appre ciate your feeling. You shall have the money to pay this individual and get rid of him, and the matter shall be be tween us two exclusively. I will go now to the office-safe and get the money. ' "'Are you sure it will not discom mode you ?' " ' Not in the least. I am going to New Y'ork in a day or two, and then I will get the check oasned for you, if you wish, and you can hand me the amount.' "'You are very kind; but I -am ashamed to suggest it. Perhaps you will be willing to do still more. If it is convenient for you to let me have the entire amount of the check, I can pass it over to you, and the transaction will be ended. There are other bills that can be put off, but it will be more pleasant ' " ' Certainly to pay them immedi ately. You shall have the entire three hundred dollars, and I will deposit the check to the credit of my own bank ac count.' " ' My good fellow,' said I, turning to the coachman, and speaking in a tone of severe irony, 4 would it be too much of a trespass on your good nature to ask you to wait five minutes for your pay ?' " ' No, sir,' lie replied, in an humble tone, apparently somewhat asliamed of his unruly behavior. In five minutes the transaction was ended. I handed Irene three hundred dollars, and pocketed the check. It left me with less than twenty dollars in cash, but that was of no moment, as I could replenish my pocket-book on my forthcoming trip to the city. " 'It is just like a woman, in her stupidity and ignorance of business to be caught in such a predicament,' said Irene, iu an apologetic tone, 'You have relieved me greatly.' " Do not embarrass me with thanks,' was my reply. " She was all smiles that evening, though I noticed a certain uneasiness and agitation in her manner that I ascribed to excitement and grief owing to the coachman's impudence. It is needless to say that I was in a happy frame of mind at having served her for the second timo in a material, substantial wav. "We promenaded and danced to gether, although she was still persistent in declining to receive exclusive public attention from me. My jealousy was excited when, while I was in the midst of the ' Lanoers, I saw her take the arm of a handsome young Cuban, and walk slowly with him from the ball-room to the outer hall. By the time the dance was concluded, however, they had re turned, and she mingled with the gay throng, casting occasional glances on me, that removed all distrust, and made me pity the deluded Cuban, who was evidently smitten with her. " When we parted for the night, it was with a lingering pressure of the hand, and an appointment for a ride Pn the following forenoon, "I now come." said Tom, with a long breath, and, I faucicd, ft cynical twinkle in his eye, ' to the painful portion of this narrative.' , " When I. went down from my , -room the next morning, I found a little tx cited crowd in the hotel office. The Cuban, who had aroused my momentary jealousy on the preceding evening, was putting ine room iu a tuwcnug rage, mm Vocifernting something about having been swindled, The landlord was lean ing glnmly over his desk, with any thing but an amiable look on his face. Others seemed to be indignant, while there were a few who laughed and ap peared to be hugely amused about something. " I inquired into the cause of this state of things, and you can imagine what a horrible, sickening, discouraged sensation I felt, when .1 learned that Irene Vance, her aunt, and the coach man, with the carriage and horses, had departed secretly during the night 1 " There was no Jace to indicate what direction they had taken. Numerous unpaid billswere left behind, and three empty worthless trunks. " I won't attempt to describe my state of mind. The power of the whole cate gory of words at my command is utter ly inadequate to the task. There was no use in trying to evade the conclu sion that I had been taken in sold bamboozled- vietimijied. " I was sensible enough, however, to keep secret my connection with the beautiful swindler, though, perhaps, some thought it strange that I did not join in the laugh against the Cuban, from whom Ireno had extorted money on some pretext similar to that by which she had ' operated ' on me. I never saw her, nor any traces of her, after ward. A detective( to whom she, her aunt, and the Goachmau were described, said the trio were in reality husband, wife, and daughter, and that they were well known though exceedingly slippery confidence operators. " I never had the hardihood to pre sent the check at the bank on which it was drawn. My money was gone, and my finer feelings outraged. The run away and the quarrel with the coach man were of course wdll-rehearsed scenes. " All this, you know, happened on the seashore ; and now you understand don't you Alf ? why it is that tho murmuring waves and the rolling surf breathe to my ears a tale of something lost, yet longed for why they have to me such a sad, uucertaiu sound ! " That Pot of Paint. An old lady who lives a little distance from the small village ot Oueshy, vt.. went to the store in that place a few days ago for a pot of paint, with which she designed ornamenting her kitchen floor. Sho told the clerk, who went down stairs to prepare the decoction, to put iu plenty of drying material, and he honestly intended to do so, but miss ing some iiomatiim from one side of his moustache, the loss so annoyed him that he omitted paving that attention to the order which it required, and in stead of turpentine, poured in a gen erous quantity of syrup. That even ing the old lady painted the floor, and the next morning made an examination of it, to test its condition. When she opened the door, her cat, which was following, 'playfully jumped into tho room, and then stopped. The old lady immediately shewed the animal, bnt it uidn t shew. It pulled away and tore one foot from the floor, and sat it down again to pull up another, which neces sitated pulliug up the first one again. Then it tried the experiment over again, but with the same result. Finally it lifted one foot, and kept it lip until the other was lifted. This gave the animal the. appearance of trying to stand on its head, but its plaintive cries indicated that such was not its purpose. While thus raised it attempted to lift the third foot, but in so doing fell over, and came down on its side in the paint, and there it stuck, clawing the air with its paws. and spitting forth the most venomous sounds. The old lady got a board, and laying it to the cat, suceeeded with some difficulty in rescuing it. But she could not understand why that paint should be so moist. In the afternoon she tested the floor again with her fin ger, but the paint was still sticky. The third morning there was no improve rnent, nor iu tne aiteriioon. he was astonished. When she touched her finger to the paint this time, she trans ferred tho finger to her tongue, then opened her eyes a little wider, and tasted again. After that she pnt on her things, harnessed her horse, and started for that store. And that evening the clerk shaved off his moustache, and buried his pomatum in the solitude of the forest. Robbing Himself. The Manchester Mirror tells the fol lowing amusing ctory of the barefaced conduct of hog-stealers in the town of Chicesier", N. H. : "In one instance the thieves woke up a man in his own farm-house, told him that one of their hogs had got of out of the wagon into the road, and asked his assistance to put him back. The farmer got up, dressed himself, and readily complied, and the next morning, when he went to feed his hog, on looking into the pen found him non eat. He had assisted the thieves to steal his own porker. At another house the farmer heard a squeal iug in the road late in the nierht. and going to the door, saw a man struggling with a porker. The same story was re peated, and assistance given as at the other house, and the same scene was enacted at the pen in the morning. A Sad Sight. At Birkenhead. Enar land, lately, a clergyman was arraigned on a charge of vagrancy, as he had been round asleep in a Held in West Kirby, Upon his examination the sad story came out that he had been rector of Luckington, and hal suffered from bad luck. He wanted to be rich, and dis regarding the warnings of the Gospel lie put z ,uuu into mining speculations, and lost every shilling of his money, Compelled to flee from his creditors, he went abroad. On his return he could get no employment, and finally became a homeless wanderer, having nowhere to lay his head, and no lodging exoept vue oia, com grouuu. Tlio Discovery of Amrrlcrt, Just as the sun was risinff over the blue wyen of the Mediterraneaiij on the third of Augiist, 1492,' three small ves sels, two of them without y.ecKS, inn with fotecastles and cabins fof the creflrfi) Bailed, from the little Port of Palos, in Spain, tinder the command of Christopher Columbus, in seai'dl a new world. It seems almost incredible, that only four hundred years ago, science had made such slight attain ments that a council of the most learned men of Spain, appointed by the Crown, should have declared the assertion that the world was round to be absurd. What I" exclaimed these sages of the fifteenth century, " can any one be so foolish as to beiieve that tho world is round, and that there are people on the side opposite to ours who walk with their heels upward, and their heads hanging down, like flies clinging to the ceiling ? thp.t there is a part of the world where trees grow with their branches hanging dowawaid, nnd where it rains, hails, and snows up ward ?" The general voice of the community pronounced Oolftnbns a half-crazed fanatic. Even those who had been in duced to embark with him had entered upon the perilous enterprise with the greatest reluctance. And as the Admi ral spread his sails no cheers Irom the shore greeted him. Tears, lamenta tions, and dismal forebodings ori pressed nearly all heartp. UolUmbus steered first for the Canary Islands. A strong wind drove them rapidly along into the abyss of unknown seas, and as the hills of Spain sank be neath the horizon the timid and super stitious seamen were filled with terror. Already there were indications of mutiny. On the third day out, one of tho vessels was disabled by the unship ping of the rudder, which was supposed to have been intentionally done by some one on board. The injury was soon repaired sufficiently to allow the crippled vessel to keep pace with the rest of the fleet by their shortening sail. At the close of the week, they arrived at the Canaries, about one thousand miles from the Port of Palos. Here they were detained three weeks, ob taining a new vessel for the disabled one, which was found iu many respects unfit for service, and in making neces sary repairs. On the Cth of September, Columbus again spread his sails, rio was now fairly embarked on his voyage. The Canaries were on the frontiers of the then known world. All beyond was region unexplored. A calm kept the vessels rolling for three days within sight of the islands, but on the 9th a wind sprang up and in a few hours the peaks of the Canaries disappeared be neath the horizon. It was a sunny, serene, and beautiful Sabbath ; but on board the vessels there were discords and murmnrings. Many of the seamen had been com pelled, by s. royal decree, to embark on this expedition. As the last traces of the known world vanished from their sight they gave such loud expression to their discontent that it reached the ears of the Admiral. He did everything in his power to inspire them with his own enthusiasm, but in vain. Both threats of punishment and promises of large reward were requisite to hold in checic the rising spiiit of insubordination. To allay the fears of the ignorant crew, Columbus resorted to the artifice of keeping two daily records, one correct for himself, and one in which he made the distance which separated them from Spain much less than it really was. Slowly the days came and passed away as the intrepid Admiral, inces santly combatting the mutinous dispo sition of his crew, pressed all sail, and from the bows of his ship kept an eager lookout toward the west, 'while every change in the weather and every object was examined with the keenest scrutiny. A weed floating upon the water, a sea bird of unusual plumage, any change in the color of the sea or the aspect ot the clouds was subjected to the closest inspection. The lead was frequently thrown, but no bottom could be found. . By the first of October the little fleet had travel sed two thousaud three hun dred miles of the ocean, in a direction almost due west. But, according to the reckoning which Columbus exhibit ed to the crew, they had only reached the distance ot seventeen hundred miles. It was delightful, autumnal weather, and a gentle breeze wafted them over a smooth sea. They had fallen in with the trade winds, Jiitherto an unknown phenomenon. But this incessant blowing of the wind in the same direction day after day, with no variation, increased the alarm of the seamen. It seemed to them that they were being driven into regions where there could be no possibility of return. The crew became more and more mutinous. Those on board the Ad miral s ship had formed a conspiracy to throw him overboard and immediate ly to turn their bows toward homo. No ordinary man could have controlled such elements of disorder. But Colum. bus, ever calm, dignified, and just, by his presence alone overawed these turbulent spirits. While sternly en gaged in this moral struggle another week of intense anxiety passed away. To inspire the seamen with some of his own zeal he ottered a reward, amount iug to about one hundred and twenty. five dollars, to the one who should first catch sight of land. This gave rise to many false alarms. Every cloud in the western sky which could be thought to vail a mountain peak would give rise to the exciting shout of "land ! land !" Columbus, consequently, found it ne cessary to issue the order that whoever should give a false alarm should forfeit all claim to the reward. The clouds were often so marred in the western sky in forms so strikingly resembling mountain peaks as to deceive the most practiced eye. Still the weary days came and went, and no land appeared. The alarm of the crew was continually increasing. At length their murmurs became so loud that the situation of Columbus was almost desperate. He was com pelled to assume an attitude of defiance. Thoroughly arming himself, he de clared that no consideration should in due him to abandon the enterprise upon which he had entered, ai ine safne time he declared jus unuououng faith that their voyage would prove successful. The very morning after this exciting interview with the crew there were in dications of their approach to tho land, which inspired all with hope. They picked up from the water a branch of fresh seaweed, a piece of shrub, with leaves Bfcd berries upon it, and a block of wood curiously Cerred. Sixty -seven days had now passed bin the high lands of Spain had sank beneath tue eastern horizon. It was the 11th of Oc tober, 1492. It was a brilliant tropical night, with a cloudless sky and a cool breeze. The events of the day electri fied with hope every man on board the three vessels. Not an eye was closed. All were on the alert. Columbus stood upon the poop of his vessel with anxi ous glance, scanning tho horizon beforo him. About ten o clock he was startled by apparently the gleam of a torch far away in the distance. For a moment it burned -with a clear flame, and then suddenly disappeSred. Soon it was again seen distinct ana matspnwii.no. Columbus was intensely agitatett. He CUlieU lO BOJllO Ul liia tuJJJlMiiiuu, ii-.i i. o.,,i pointed out i. , in ioi T mu also saw it gleaming for a moment, when acain it disappeared. Four hours passed away, while every eye was strained to catch a glimpse oi the hIiotp. At 2 o'clock la the mornincr a seaman from the masthead of th? Pinta, which was in the advance, shouted "land I land 1" Every voice echoed the cry as almost immediately clearly de fined mountains, somber and majestic, apparently rose from the sea, about two miles'before them. The vessels all hove to to await the morning. A new world was discovered. The Invention of the Steamboat. When the little harbor at the mouth of Sir John's linn was still more wild and lonely than now, James Eumsey, a working bath tender at iserKeieyopnngs, launched upon it a boat that he had in vented of a novel principle and pro rjulsive force. The force was steam, and Knmsey had shown his model to Washington in 1780. First discoverers of steam locomotion are tittning up every few months in embarrassing num bers, but we cannot feel that we have a richt to suppress the claims of honest Eumsey, the protege of Washington The dates are said to be as follows Rumsey launched his steamboat here at Sir John's Bun in 1784, before the Gen eral and a throng of visitors from the Springs ; in 1788, John Fitch launched another first steamboat on tho JJelaware, and sent it successfully up to Burling. ton ; in 180, Robert Fulton set a third first steamboat on the Hudson, the Clermont. Rumsey's motion was ob tained by the reaction of a current smiirted through the stern of the boat against tho water of the river, the cur- eut being pumped by steam, 'ihis ac- tion. so primitive, so remoto from the principle of the engine now used, seems mrdly worthy to be connected with the great revolutionary invention or steam travel; yet ashuigton certmed nis opinion that "the discovery is ot vast mportance, and may be oi the greatest usefulness in our inland navigation. James numsey, witii just a suspicion oi the irritability of talent, accused Fitch of "coming pottering around" his! Virginia work-bench and carrying off Ins ideas, to be afterward developed in Philadelphia. It is certain that the development was great. Rumsey died in England of apoplexy at a public lec ture, where he was explaining his con trivance. Does not Like it. Anna Brewster, writing from the Luc ca Baths, says: "Wherever we drive we see peasants carrying small bundles of chestnut leaves; every village house has long strings hanging pendant, on which are strung rich, large chesnut leaves. I thought first that they were some kind of air plant, until I dis. covered that they were leaves that grew Iryer daily; then 1 asked my driver about them. He told mo they were dried and put away for winter, to use in the baking of nec-ji. And what is uecci? They take chestnut flour, mix it with water, stir it to a paste, then make it iu round Hat canes about as thick as a very heavily-made buckwheat cake. These are spread between chest nut leaves, folded up into them, indeed, then baked on hot stones. The chest nut leaves, which must be gathered in August, are first soaked iu water be fore they are used for the necci cover ings. They are supposed to impart a chestnut flavor to the national food. Of course, I have been curious to taste necci. So my padrona, or landlady, baked some for me. I love Lucca land. scapes and Lucca Baths, but may I never bo forced to feed on necci. It is the most villainous stuff I ever tasted!" Tlie Churches In Kew York. At the annual meeting of the clergy. men of the Methodist Church in New York, a feature of the gathering was an essav by the Kev. U. C. lioss'on the de. oline of Methodism in New York City. He read many pages of comparative statistics showing the following facts : The Episcopalians have sixty-four regu- lar churches and fourteen thousand members, the Baptists thirty-two churches and eleven thousand members, the Presbyterians fifty churches and sixteen thousand members, the Metho dists forty churches and eleven thou saud members. From 1860 to 1870 the Methodists have increased iu numbers twelve rjer cent., the Presbyterians ten per cent., the Baptists twenty-one per cent., and the Episcopalians fourteen per cent. All these show a very heavy fallmiz off as compared with the in crease of population. Since 1864 the Roman Catholics have built eleven new churches, costing $1,707,000, the Epis copalians twenty-five, costing 83,850,- 000, the Presbyterians nineteen, costing 2, 833,000, the Baptists nine, costing 372,000, and the Methodists fifteen, costing 8805,000. A Mr. Mitchell, a California agricul turist, has gathered this year 600,000 bushels of wheat from a little patch of 40,000 acres. Kerns of Interest. There are'eighty Americans studying music at Milan. A warehouse wall fell in Cincinnati, nj tiring two men. Two-thirds of the town of i air 1'iay, Col., was destroyed by fare. Michigan rustic rowdies amuse them selves by skinning sheep alive. An anerry man is again angry with himself when he returns to reason. TiMllmnrfi and Johnson are tho only ex-Presidents of the United States that survive. "Rfittpi bo despised for too anxious apprehension than ruined by too con fident a security. . . Prof. Foneeter of Berlin, announces the discovery of a new planet of the tenth magnitude. The Postmaster of Pittsburgh, Vn., n charged with having made away with, over $33,000 of the funds of the office. T)envpr disnatches cive a florid re port of the riches of the territory lately acquired from the Utes by the United States. A poor man, who was ill, 'being asked v a crent. eman wiieiner lie " o , XT . ,, , , 11UU IMCU hut remeciv. repneu. o, m u mn.c any remei.y, U, but I've taken lot3 of physic. A little girl was asked what was the meaning of the word happy. Sho gave n nrettv answer, saving. It is to icei as if you wanted to give all your things to your little sister." Just before tho bombardment ot Alicante begun the German commander offered to prevent a fight taking place, but the English and French command ers would not interfere. Money, which had been active during the second panic week, on best collat erals, ranging from one-half to two per cent, per day, closed Saturday night at seven per cent per annum. Ladies are gradually discarding ono by ono the little trinkets and cheap knicknacks worn on promenade depend ing from the waist belt. The urnnreiia. and fan are about all they can manage. A movement is on foot to raise 1,000 at Halifax, N. S., to send George Brown to Europe to row a match with Sadler for the championship of the world. Tho rnrei is to take place at tne tove oi Cork. X vnmnn and two children attempted to iump on board the steamer Illinois , L i i. rsl,.Tv,ln-iu as sue was uauKiiiy um n tini"'n, Ky. They fell into the river and were drowned. Their names could not lc ascertained. One of the Salt Lake Gentile papers ridicules the idea that George can non will consent to give np his numer ous wives for the sake of securing ad mission to a seat in Congess a tne Delegate from Utah. Over 1,000,000 bushels of wheat is stored in Milwaukee, awaiting shipment to the East. The receipts of wheat at this citv since January 1, laid, are 1,806,750, against 1,390,134 bushels lor ti.p r-ovresnondinir 1 le corresponding time in io i . ,1Vonilc mrt one nttle fellow. . . . . -,endoi. of his new ent u to nnother with tho . . . ,, . Vm, ;- .iressed . i j Well torted the , , ,. k anvl)0W During that awful year, 1804, not less than twenty-five Spanish cities and towns, with an aggregate population ot 427,228, wero attacked by yellow fever, which destroyed 52,559. Other ac counts raise this mortality to 124,200. A bov who maliciously scattered cay enne pepper through a crowded hall in Janesville, Wis., setting two thousand people into spasms ot irrepressible sneezing, was fiued fourteen hundred dollars and sent to jail lor lour momns. A novel annlication of ice was made at St. Louis the other day, when forty-five tons wero used to cool and thus contract the iron tubes of the mammoth suspen sion bridge across the Mississippi, to allow the insertion of the connecting tubes. The fatal throat disease, first heard of in Pennsylvania, lias made its ap- fiearance iu a number of ew lorK vn ages. It is almost exclusively con fined to small children, and .baffles the skill of the physicians, many deaths occurring. A whaler has arrived at New Bedford from the Arctio regions, with some relics of Sir John Franklin, consisting of forks, spoons, &c, bearing the coat of arms of the Fraukliu family. They were obtained from Esquimaux who had come from near the spot where Franklin's vessels were abandoned in 1848. Sidi-Mahmud, the late Emperor of Morocco, has been succeeded by his younger brother, Abbas-Muley. The present sovereign is oi ine iamny nuwu of Cherif-el-Fileli. This family was es tablished on the Moorish throne 225 years ago, and its representatives have reigned in unuroiien succession iroin that date to the present time. Mr. Methusaleh during his long life was without uoubt the recipient oi many honors, and since his death not a few have been done to his memory. But the greatest has been reserved to the last. He will be in future princi- pally known in connection with a brand of cigars, every box of which will bo ornamented with a correct iiKeness oi the old gentleman." Who can read without emotion the story of two little girls in Green Bay, Wis. The eldest was seven years of age, the youngest only five. A drunk en father left them alone in their room for six days with only a small loaf of bread for food. When the children were found the elder sister was nearly dead, having refused to eat of the bread so that her little sister might not suffer. A letter from the Gold Coast tells of fresh misfortunes for the English. The whole coast west of Elmina has re volted, and all the tribes have joined the Ashantees. A lieutenant with a Earty of seamen went on shore with oats. They had just landed when a large body of natives opened a sharp fire on them from the bushwhere they had been concealed. Tho lieutenant and eleven sailors wero wounded, and a precipitate retreat was made to the boats.