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HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL DESPERANDUM. Two Dollars per Annum. .VOL. V. HIDGAVAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., THUESDAY, APHIL 22, 1875. NO. 0. Love's Appeal. Thou nwayost my life, as moons tho sea s Nature's incvitnljlo laws Lose plainly blond elToct with cauBO Thau thou doHt rule my destiny. Tliou art my fate ! undroamod-of Wis Is utorod for mo in 0110 Hwect word. Let but its opposite bo hoard, And then thou art my Nemesis. O, pauc, and solemn counsel take ! Think what it is to own control O'er mini's whole being, life and soul ; To bid a heart beat high--or break ! All other hope, ambition, love, Centers in that by thee Inspired : IiO?s ardently my soul is fired With aims that point to worlds above. So, liko a votary at the Bhrine, I feel the alllatus o'or me stonl BUudly beforo thy feet to kneel And render homage qnito divine. Thon speak ; be this appeal my last ; Only icmember that, a life Before thee lies, for peace or strife A future thou canst blcus or blast. Bpcak. I will bend me to tky will, In sileut joy, if thou say " Yes." If " No," I'll hide my bitterness And be thy mute adorer still. THE FORGED CHECK. Cleora Duhamel was a belle, an heiress, and motherless. Her father, a wealthy merchant, engrossed in busi ness, imagined that money would do any thing, and so left his only daughter to tutors and governesses, musters and mis tresses. When Cloora entered society, at the ago of eighteen thus her father willed she became at onco one of the queens of the circle in which she moved, and ran such a course of coquetry, extravagance, and pleasure, as only a girl with her beauty, temperament, and bringing tip was capable of. Her father's attention was first attract ed by her extravagance. Miss Cleora's monthly allowance, though too ridicu lously large to be told here, was not near ly enough for her. Every month bills wore sent in for her father to settle, and in spite of remonstrance, and even something sterner, and though tho ono creaturo that this spoiled heiress stood in awe of was her father, still these bills grew. One month, Mr. Duhamel threatened to withdraw his extravagant daughter from society entirely. The next, he de clared, in the mest solemn manner, that the next time she overran her allowance, he would himself notify the various fash ionable tradespeople with whom sho was most in tho habit of making bills, that they must not trust her. Clara believed him this time. No more bills were pre sented her father for payment. One day Frank Reeve, a young clerk in tho employ of Mr. Duhamel, astound ed that gentleman by asking his permis sion to marry his daughter. Of course ho received a very abrupt and peremp tory "No," for his answer. And tho merchant, not doubting that Cleora her self was answerable for tho presumption of which this young gentleman had been guilty, reached homo in a very irate frame of mind, and summoning his daughter, reproved her sharply. Cleora laughed first, pouted after wards, and ended by crying. Less than a week from that time, Miss Cleora received another lecture, couched in much briefer language, but eloquent beyond anything that young lady had ever listened to before, judging from the impression it made. "You ought to bo proud of your work, miss," declared Mr. Duhamel, angrily. "Frank Beeves has got himself into real trouble this time, and there's no doubt in my mind that ho would never have done so crazy a thing, if his head hadn't been turned about you." "What has poor Frank done now?" asked Cleora, incredulously, but looking a littlo uneasy. " He has been forging tits name of Duhamel & Co." Miss Cleora started, and turned red and white all in a breath. "Papa, how do you know?" "He don't deny it: had tho effron tery to present it at tho bank himself, even." Silence some moments. Miss Cloora grew paler and paler, and twisted hsr black curls with nervous whito fin gers. "Papa, what will you do with him ?" she asked, presently. " I ? I do nothing. The law he has outraged will give him a term in prison, probably. Serve him right, too." " Do you know where he is now?" she asked, tremblingly; but the mer chant, absorbed in his own reflection, did not notice that. " In Newgate, of course." "Oh, papa !" Cleora Duhamel rose to her feet, white and palpitating. Mr. Duhamel lifted his keen eyes to her face scrutinizingly. " It would be easy to imagine that you had some personal interest in this young scamp, he said, coldly. Cleora clasped her hands, and looked ivp at him with trembling lips. "Well?" exclaimed tho merchant, angrily, rising also. " Papa, what niado you let him go to Newgate ?" "Beally? Why should I not, pray ? Come, come, miss. It is a good thing or you, I see, that ho is disposed of." " Papa, Frank lleoves never forged anybody's nanio in his life" and Cleora burst into tears for tho second timo that evening. "He don't deny it himself," repeated Mr. Dahamel, with added indignation and amazement at his haughty daugh ter's espousal of tho young man's cause. As Cleora mado her escape from the room, he began to pace up and down, muttering, " Sho's self-willed enough to do anything. I'm glad he's where he is, though I always liked the young fel low. It's odd too that he wouldn't de fend himself. Neither denied or owned it. Soma mystery there, but it's not my business to solve it." Frank Reeves was tried for forgery ; pleaded "Not guilty," but refused to give any account of the forged check he had certainly presented at the bank and received ths money on. He was sent to paison for five years. During tho trial, a woman, plainly at tired and closely veiled, was observed to bo unremitting in her attendance upon tho proceedings; and tho prisoner, it was noticed, seemed to watch for tho entrance of this person, and to be uneasy till sho came, when his handsome face would flush slightly, his dark eyes brighten with pleasure, and ho would resume his usual nir of mingled prido nud deterininntien. When Frank Reeve's bright young hoad vanished bchiud the ignominious prison walls, ho carried next his heart a little scented note without address or signature, but written iu an exceedingly delicate femalo hand, and having in one corner a most dainty silver and blue monogram, "CD." It said: "You are a hero. I am a cowardly creature, unworthy of you. But the day you are a free man, if you do not despise mo too utterly by that time, I will be your wife. Every hour of your heroic im prisonment I shall think of you. I love yon already, and shall love you more and moro till wo meet." Three years from that time, Mr. Du hamel died suddenly; and his daughter, still single and still beautiful, came into th possession of a large fortune. Iu the course of the fourth year she ob tained, by private and personal appeal to tho Homo Secretary, Frank Reeve's pardou. The two met at last in Miss Duhamel's own magnificent drawing room. The beauty and heiress had attired herself with an artistic elaborateness she had never bestowed on any party or recep tion toilet. Her loveliness was beyond description; her eyes were flashing with tears. Frank Beeves came calmly into the room, and stopped a few paces off, without offering to approach nearer. He was very pide, and his closely-cut hair altered him very much. The years, tho confinement, and the companionship of brooding thoughts, had graven upon his face sterner lines than had marked that handsome countenance in the flush of eager, romantic youth. Some unexpected expression iu that face seemed to strike Cleora. "Frank," she exclaimed, and in her haughty voice was a new and piteous accent, " you have never forgiven me, Frank 1 I have suffered too." Ho did not say more, but his eye flashed, and ho uttered the word "suf fered " after her contemptuously. "lama pardoned convict," he said, proudly. " Iu tho terrible prison to which your cowardice condemned me, my young and eager manhood, all those generous and self-sacrificing impulses which made me your tool, even the heart which loved you, have been one by one crushed out of me. I forgave you at first. Afterwards I grew bitter month by mouth, day by day. It was so little you needed to do, to have saved mo all that long horror. Your father would have forgiven you. I might have been spared my honor, my good name, if you had stood by your own wrong doing." " Oh, Frank, I will atone ! I am rich. We can gonny where you aro not known," Cleora exclaimed, sweeping towards him, and extending her whito hands en treatingly. He lifted his somber eyes once to her peerless face. "Miss Duhamel," ho said, "there aro sonii things that even money can not buy that even the love of a beauti ful woman cannot atone for. That is what I camo to tell you, and Good bye." Without so much as touching her hand, he was gone. In another country, Frank Beeves re deemed himself from the stain of that injustico once done him, and became an honored member of society through his own patient endeavor. Miss Duhamel never married. The Source or Salt. The sea depends on the disintegration of rocks on land for salt. It doesn't orig inate in oceans and seas. Bains wash it and hold it a solution as particles are liberated by violence, decomposition, and gradual action of many natural forces. All streamlets and rivers, there fore, are constantly transporting salt to the sea. If there is more than can be held in solution, then it accumulates in masses at very deep points. Thus the salt mines of Portland and the vast hori zontal beds of pure salt in Texas, as well as that mountain of rock salt iu St. Do mingo, wero collected at the bottom of ancient seas, which are now dry land, re mote from water. There ore places in Africa where the process of disintegra tion of salt from rock is regularly going on, but there is not water-power enough to force, it onward to the sea. Hencethe particles are spread abrof.d and mixed with the soil. The negroes of Northern Africa having discovered its distribution where there is no water to dissolve in the ground, leach it. Iu that way they separate the salt. Salt pervades the earth. It exists in the grasses and most vegetable products on which animals feed. In that way they derive enough in most countries to moot the demads of their natures. They require as much as civilized humanity. With them salt is necessary, as with ourselves, for keep ing the organs of vision in good condi tion. Stop tho supply, and blindness would ensue. II I? Conscience. One of thn most conscientious sheriffs on record hai turned up in Iowa. A railroad was to be sold at sheriffs sale, aud a friendly agreement was made by which this model official was to receive three hundred and fifty dollars in pay ment for his part in the transaction, which required two hours, perhaps, of his valuable time. But after the sale he happened to look at the statute which fixed bis fees, when he found to his horror that ho had been transgressing the laws of the State, which declared that he should receive no other fees than those legally assigned him. So he re fused the liberal sum offered him, and said he would take nothing but his law ful fees, which iu this instance, it seems, amounted to 811,000. The railroad men endeavored to hold him to his original bargain, but hi was too conscientious to violate the laws he was appointed to uphold, and, the case going to the courts, his integrity was rewarded by a verdict is his favor. A Father rinyliig Indian. At a Louisville masquerade tho pro cession was witnessed by a largo crowd. Among tho motley host who perambula ted tho streets, in tho procession, was a long, cadaverous-looking fellow repre senting a Comanche Indian. His face was painted red, his suit was well made up. tJpon his pon derous feet were a pair of new moccasins, and hanging from tho beaded girth that encircled his body were half a dozen "boss pistols" and as many scalps. Inside this belt stuck a cheeso knifo and a scytho blade. His long black hair was banded with a brass hook, from which stuck about a dozen of tur key and goose feathers, and in his right hand he held with an iron grasp a toma hawk, red with some victim's blood. Everybody saw the wild Indian, but no body knew it was Skimncr. Wbile the procession moved through the various streets, Skinner would get dry, and break ranks by dodging into barrooms and taking his usual doso of "fire-water." As the procession passed his house a new idea struck Skinner. He would go homo ond searo Mrs. Skinner and all the littlo Skinners. He cut looso from the procession, took another doso of " fire-water," and by the timo ho reached his front gate, ho was tho most reckless looking Comanche tho world ever beheld. Ticking up new courage ho rushed into the front room where tho little Skinners were "playing circus." His appearance was acnompanied by wild yells and fancy dancing, while he made that tomahawk fly around the room over the children's heads as if he meant business, tho little Skinners shouting, "Oh, Mr. Iujin, don't I" "mother!" "murder I " "fire!" and there were such screams as would have mado any " sure enough" Indian run. Skinner was just in the middlo of his fun, when tho screams of the children and tho war-whoops of tho Comanche brought Mrs. Skin;.er to tho scene, arm ed with an iron skillet. She slipped up behind tho "playful Indian," drew a bead on his nose, and landed that skillet with the force of a sledge-hammer and the rapidity of lightning against it. The hand let go tho tomahawk, tho feathers flew, tho belt bursted, and tho scalps, pistols and knives fell to the floor. There was a flesh-and blood spot iu tho middlo of his face where that nose was a mo ment beforo tho skillet mashed it. There was a groan, a fall, a somersault or two, aud all was quiet. That Comanche had found tho " hnppv hunting grounds." Skinner has an Indian masquerado suit for sale. Justices' Justice in England. The Pall Mall UazcAle says: With coals at their present prico poor people who live near a fore.it are exposed to a great temptation. They must, however, keep their hands from " picking and stealing," or rather from sticking and stealing, for justice iu this country is ad ministered very indifferently, and its mill wheels occasionally grind exceed ingly small." A case heard a few days ago at tVe St. Martin's, Stamford, petty sessions ought to bo a warning to "stickers." Four women were summoned for sticking in Clilfo forest on the lfith of February, and doing damage to tho underwood to tho extent of sixpence. It appears that the forest is the property of Lord Exeter, and a heavy penalty wa's pressed for, as considerable damage, it was stated, had been done to tho under wood by stickers. Tho magistrates thereupon lined all tho defendants 1 9s. 6d. , including damages and costs, or a month's hard labor. This judgment, according to the report in tho Stamford Mercury, appeared to stagger the poor women, who pleaded piteously for a mitigation of tho sentence, declaring that they had been compelled to go out sticking to get firing, as they wero un able to buy coal at Is. Gd. a hundred weight. After awhile tho magistrates relented so far as to allow a fortnight for payment. This act of mercy did not, however, satisfy tho offenders, who urged that they should never be able to pay the sum demanded, and would have to go to prison, and two of the defend ants, an old woman aud a young girl, actually surrendered themselves in cus tody on this absurd plea. Another old woman, who said she had only 10s. is the world, that her husband was ill in bed, and had been so for three months, and that she only went to get a few sticks to make a fire to warm him, got her penalty at last reduced to 1, but her money was exhausted. So evenly are the scales of justice balanced in this country that an old woman who picks up a utick and a ruffian who knocks an old woman down with a bludgeon are mulcted in about the same penalty. The Coal Area. The total coal area of the United Stat es is sectioned off in square miles about as follows: Illinois (largest of all), 36,000; Missouri Bash), 20,887; Iowa, 18,000; Kansas, 17,000; West Virginia section, 16,000; Ohio section, 10,000; East Ken tacky section, 8,983; Pennsylvania sec tion, 12,502; Pennsylvania anthracite, 472; New England Basin, 500; Maryluud section, 550; Tennessee, 5,100; Alabama, 5,330; Indiana, 0,440; We.st Kentucky, 3,888; Texas, 4,500; Michigan Basin, 6,700; Nebraska, 3,000; Arkansas, 9,043; Virginia, 185, aud North Carolina, 310. The great bulk of tho general coal de posit is tho common soft or bituminous coal, tho exception being tho semi-bituminous, the anthracite and the caunel coal found largely in tho Kanawha coal fields of West Virginia. Boiled Flat. James Reese, aged fourteen, was rolled out flat in a Huirisbiirgh rolling mill. His foot slipped aud tho body fell for ward, and while striking out with his arms one of them was caught, which carried him into and through the roll, through a spaoo only three and one-half inches in width. A cry of terror from the unfortunate lad attractod the atten tion of tho workmen, whe, upon looking around, saw the body of Reese on the other eide of the rolls and one of the arms disappearing, The engine was speedily stopped, and upon examination it was found that the lad had been fear fully mangled his arms, head, shoul ders and body giving evidence of his fearful end, lie was rolled out flat. It was fauud necessary to raise the rolls be fore the body could be extricated. - ProverDs. Homo is homo be it ever so homely. Hopo is a good breakfast, but a bad supper. Have your cloak made before it begins to rain. Idle folks have the least leisure. Live not to cat, but eat to live. Let not your tongno cut your throat. Liars are not to be believed when they tell the truth. Make hay while tho sun shines. Never split wood against tho grain. Never light your caudle at both ends. Never make a mountain out of a mole hill. None are so deaf as those who will not hear. One is not so soon healed as hurt. One eye-witness is better than ten hearsay. Ono bad cxamplo spoils many good precepts. Ono hour's sleep beforo midnight is worth two after. Praise a fair day at night. Patience and time run through the longest day. Quick at meat, quick at work. Reckless youth makes rueful age. Strike while tho iron is hot. Temperance is the best physic. Short reckonings make long friends. "lis the second blow that makes tho fray. The best physicians are Dr. Diet, Dr. Quiet and Dr. Merryman. Welcome is tho best cheer. Where there is a will there is a way. When tho will is ready the foot is light. What may be done at any timo is never done. Beecher's Domestic Circle. Henry Ward Beecher testified in court that ho was married in 1837, the first year that ho was nettled as a preacher in Lawrenceburg, Ind. He was engaged, he said, half as long as tho patriarch and his wife, seven years, and ho was twenty three years old when married. His wife was about tho same age. Ho says: I think she was twenty-three also ; a part of the year sho is twenty-four when I am twenty-three, and the rest of tho year wo are of the same ago. Ho has four chil dren living, aud five, as ho says, "wait ing for me." From a very early period I remitted to my wife, ho says, almost entirely my secular affairs, so much so that until within two years, since my son came to live with me, who was in busi ness, I never eve drew my own salary. Tho checks were mado out to her, aud all treasurer's accounts were " Mrs. Beecher, Dr.," and I knew neither what money camo in nor what money camo out, so far as my salary was concerned. In the earlier period of my life I had a very sensitive feeling in regard to the sacredness of letters ; I would never open my children's, nor suffer anybody else to do it ; I would never open my wife's letters, neither did I wish her to open mine ; but within the last fifteen years correspondents have so multiplied I grew careless through over-occupation, and they littlo by littlo passed into her charge, and for the last fifteen years, if I was gone, or if there was any reason why perhaps somebody might suffer, she has always opened my letters, aud, to a very considerable degree-, answered them ; if thero wero any of which she had doubt she waited until I came home. Making a Piano. It takes nearly four years to make one instrument; three years and some months to season the wood, and three months to form tho parti. No less than sixteen different kinds of wood enter into the formation, embracing the softest, tough est, hardest, heaviest, lightest and most compact graiu. In tho "action " alono there are eleven different kinds of wood. The piano, moreover, is cosmopolitan, from the fact that the vegetable, animal aud mineral kingdoms of the world con tribute to the composition. While spruce pine from Northern New York, maple from Massachusetts, pine nnd ash from Michigan, cherry from Pennsylvania, walnut from Indiana, and poplar from West Virginia, after passing through choppers, sawyers, raftmen and inspec tors, as well us buckskin of four kinds, first from the wild deer and then from the manufacturers, are necessary, this country doos not furnish all the material required. Six kiuils of felt, four kinds of cloth, bc-i.'.ea silver for the plates, sil ver gilded strings, cast-iron, many kinds of paper, a s also ivory, ebony and var nish, are all imported from other coun tries. In an ordinary piano there are five hundred screws, one hundred and seventy strings, eighty-five keys and five hundred and twenty key and tuning pins. In a seven octave square about ninety square feet of veneering is used, and in the "action" alone there are no less than 5,072 pieces. From the foregoing some conception of the requisites of a square, upright or grand piano may be formed. A Fair rutiire. From every quarter come tidings of good prospects for traffic, manufactures, aud shipping. Factories that had sus pended work for months aro now resum ing operations. Business men aro launching out caously but steadily into new ventures. Capital is showing itself to tho light after long concealment, weary of inactivity, and soeking places where it may bo safest and may do the most good. "Tho croakers aro withdraw ing into their holes, and the faces of all who are disposed to work for better things wear tho sruilo of confidence. Not the least of the hopeful auguries for the summer i3 tho magnificent prospect of winter wheat. Lower rates of trans portation ore also a good omeu of tho prospect of a more free commercial in terchange. Industrial and mercantile activity will soon spread sunshine every where. Xcw York Commercial Adver tiser. Asking Him. " Hullo, stranger ! yon appear to be traveling!" "Yes, I al ways travel when I'm on a journey." "I thirk I have seen you somewhore." "Very likely. I've often been there." "Mightn't your name be Smith?" " Well, it might if it wasn't something else." "Have you been long in these parts?" " Never longer than at present live feet nine." " Do you calculate to remain here some time ?" Well, I guess I'll stay till I'm ready to leave." The Italian Beggar. The Italian, when he takes to beggary, says a city paper, is very much of an adept. Thero is about his simulation a picturesqueness and dramatic power which is most fascinating. Ho speaks of his sunny Italy with a lino poetic feeling sharply in contrast with the shoulder shrugging condescension and diffident deprecation with which ho alludes to our own poor inhospitable country. "Ah I bella ma," said one of these ro mantic vagabonds lo a lady in whoso kitcheu he was solacing himself, "my beautiful Italia is one day i i Juno. It has no snow in tho street aud no huugaree in zo belly." The lady natur ally inquired why ho did not stay in beautiful Italy. " Ah !" he said, with a shrug of tho velveteen shoulders, "it was Vesuvius that drive mo to zis forlorn country. " Vesuvius drove into a lawyer's office on Broadway ono fino day, a brazen scamp, who exhibited a printed certificate from an American consul in J taly to the effect that the bearer had been blown up by the velcano, his family torn from him, and his vineyards made desolate. Would tho liberal citizen of a great republic have pity upon the wretched stranger. The lawyer, who had more leisure than briefs, cross-ex-nmined the volcano-smitten Italian. Did ho liko traveling by volcano? Did it hurt him most when ho went up or when he came down ? . At what rate of speed did ho travel when he was blown into the air, and did tho smell of gin certify to his sufferings, or was it only an accident of temporary emergency? The suffering foreigner only shrugged his shoulders aud said: "Mo no speakee Inglesia." Fiually, losing temper under the continuous lire of cross-questions, the volcano-ruined stranger measured tho distance between the stairs ond the place where he stood, and said: "Oh, you bo dashed," and down he went be fore tho astonished lawyer could put out his hand to stay him. A Cardinal's State Conch. It is an old Roman custom that a car dinal should not appear iu tho streets on foot, so it is necessury that Cardinal McCloskey should have his state car riage. The New York Herald gives us a description of it : Neither in color nor ornament is it prepared to attract notice in the street, still it is on extremely luxurious vehicle. Hung upon what aro termed suspension springs, the. body of tho. coach sways with a cradle-like motion at tho slightest impulse. The coach cost $3,000. It is an almost mas sive, round-bodied town coach. Within it is lined with dark green satin and fitted with every appliance needful to people who can ride in their coaches. Tho body is painted lustrously black, and its running gear is of dark green, liko the upper side of an oak leaf. These colors aro relieved by the pallor of tho silver mountings of tho carriage. The only exact mark by which people will learn to pick out Cardinal McCloskey's coach from a host of fino vehicles drawn by proud horses is the coat of arms on its doors. This is a combination, it is s:d, of the armorial insignia of the cardinal's family and some of the em blems of his priestly offico. The field of tho escutcheon is green. A crimson chevron running from side to side of tho shield up toward its center makes a lozenge at its base, in which there is a golden lily flower. On th field of tho chevron are three silver Malteso crosses. At each upper extremity of the shield is a golden star. Surmounting the es cutcheon is a doublo crosslet, as it is called that is, a cross haviug one large and one small transverse, the latter being above the former. The escutcheon is thus described in heraldic terms '. Field vert, a chevron gules, with three Malteso crosses, argent; two ctoilea or in chief, and a Jleur-de lis or. Crest, a doublo crosslet. Tho horses aro said to be tho finest of any team to be found. Blessings on the Boys. Blessings on the boys. Not the young, healthy, rosy-cheeked male sav ages of thirteen or sixteen years. They cannot help being boys, and deserve no special credit or condemnation for it. But blessings on those hale old boys of forty or forty-five or even sixty, who bend their broad shoulders to the bur ners of life, but who do not let those burdens crush their hearts; whose eyes are quick to catch the light of merri ment over a droll story, and quicker to fill with tears of sympathy for a friend's distress; who retains a boyish love and reverence for all that is womanly; whose boyish confidence in humanity, as a whole, though often shocked, never dies; who watch eagerly for the bright spots of sunshine on life's carpet, and seat themselves where it falls brightest and warmest. They rarely grow very rich, for their boyish generosity is too ca eless forthat; they may not command the awe of admiring crowds; tney are not always systematic enough to be safe ly trusted with important offices; but the nimble feet of childhood springs to them, manhood trustingly extends to them a wide open hand, women creet them with a confiding smilo, and all through life they livo and receive great treasures of pure love. Clod himself is very tender to theso boys. i Very Bail Writing. ! Talking of spelling and writing, tho I New York Jferald says: Bad writing is productive of cursing, and who can tell i how much Horaco Greeley, Rufus i Choate and Colonel Forney, public men i with extensive correspondence, have done to make swearing a national vice ? Every letter theso great statesmen wrote went forth as an evil one to promote profanity. Colonel Forney, on the oc casion of one of Mr. Choate's great speeches, wrote him a complimentary letter, iu which he said, in his poetual way: " You sum an heathen heaven in yourself, and top high crowned Olym pus." Mr. Choate read the sentence thus; "You seem an heathen in heaven, you wretch, at top a fly blown pumbue," and in a tit of anger wrote a most abu sive ieply, which Colonel Forney still keeps i his album as a cordial invitation to dinner. As A. T. Stewart grows older, the question of what he will do with his $40,000,000 becomes more and mere interesting. The Florida Orange Groves. A Florida correspondent, doseribing both the attractions and drawbacks of the peninsular State, goes into ecstasies over tho orango gloves which abound there. Tho most celebrated of these is the property of Colonel Hart, his being the largest grove of bearing trees in the country. It has 580 trees, varying from four to eight inches in diameter, all set ot equal distances from each other, in straight rows each way, and so Wrick together that among tho largest trees the ground is completely shaded. The old crop of oranges has been nearly all picked, and the trees are budding very thickly aud beginning to blossom. Tho trees now blossoming will have fruit in the middle of September next, from which time they will bo picking all tho fall and winter until all aro harvested. Heretofore they have allowed them to hang on tho trees until the first of May; but it has been found better for the trees and they get a larger crop by not letting the fruit hang on so long. The oranges keep perfectly sound as long as they hang on the trees, aud one frequently sees a single tree on which are buds and blossoms, green, half-grown oranges aud ripo oranges. The fact that Florida oranges are far superior to any others, and that both climate and soil are specially favorable for the cultivation of this fruit, makes it certain that their culture is destined to become ono of the most important, if not tho chief of pro ductive interests in the State. Florida's chief element of attraction is unques tionably her climate, which, when com pared "With the climate of Northern States at this season, is, indeed, agree ble; but at present it is almost the only source of enjoyment to bo found thero. To make it a really desirable country for wmter residence it requires a very large influx of Northern enterprise and capital. A Spelling Frolic. The Baltimore American savs : Out West they are turning tho spelling matches into fun. A huge affair of the kind in Cincinnati tho other night was nothing moro than a lot of grown folks playing school. Some of tho solid men :n business and politics first camo out as the infants' class, aud were put through their paces on monosyllabic words. One of tho "boys brought a monstrous kite to school along with him, and was duly reprimanded. Between attacks on tho elementary speller the class refreshed itself, and startled the audience with a fearful rendering of the antique ballad concerning the adventures of Mary's In nib. Ono naughty boy was detected m tho possession of an unlaw ful apple, and when tho pedagogue pocketed it tho houseful of peoplo seemed by their perceptible laughter to recognize the action as a rather neat hit at the habit of tho average Cin cinnati schoolmaster in the confiscation of contraband property. Some of t'io big boys and girls took liberties with Webster that would have mado Jodi Billings open his eves with wonder. One of the most amusing incidents of the evening occurred after the intentimal fun was over aud tho spelling had begun in earnest. The school had opened with same forty-odd pupils; one after another had been thrown in tho orthographical wrestle until tho best dozen remained, and the word "cassinette" was given. Now, there is nothing extraordinary iu tho spelling of tho word, but every one of tho twelve was vanquished by it. They spelled oil around it, but failed to hit tho right letters, ond another victory for tho dictionary was scored . Sarin? is Wealth. One great cause of the poverty of the present day, wisely says an exchange, is a luiiuro ol our common people to op predate small things. They do not re alize how a daily addition, be it ever so small, will soon make a lama pile. If the young meii ond women of to-day will only begin, and becrin now. to save a little from their earnings ond plant it in the soil of some good savings' bank, and weekly or monthly add their mite, tney will wear a happy smile of competence when they reach middle life. Not only the desire but the ability to increase it will also grow. Let clerk and tradesman, laborer and artisan, make, now and at once, a beginning. Store up some of your youthful force for future contin gency. Let parents teach their children to begin early to save. Begin at the fountain head to control tho stream of xtravagance to choose between, poverty and riches. Let our youth go on in the habits of extravagance for fifty years to come as they have for fifty years past, and we shall have a nation of beggars, with a moneyed aristocracy. Let a gen eration of such as save in small sums be reared, and we shall be free from want. Do not be ambitious for extravagant fortunes, but seek that which it is the duty of every one to obtain indepen dence and a comfortable hvme. Wealth, and enough of it, is within the reach of all. It is obtained by one process, and one only saving. Useful Information. One thousand laths will cover seventy yards of surface, and eleven pounds of nails will put them on. A cord of stone, three bushels of lime, and a cubio yard of sand will lay ono nunureu cuoic ieei oi wall. Eight bushels of good lime, sixteen bushels of sand, and one bushel of hair, will make enough good mortar to plaster one hundred square yards. Ono thousand shingles, laid four inches to tho weather, will cover one hundred square feet of surface, ond five pounds of shingle nails will fasten them on. One-fifth more siding and flooring is needed than the number of square feet of surface to be covered, because of the lap iu the siding and matching of tha floor. Five courses of brick will lay one foot in height on a chimney; six bricks in a course will make a flue four i aches wide aud twelve inches long, aud eight bricks in a course will make a flue eight inches wide and sixteen inches long, The project of putting au organ in a Scotch Presbyterian church at Sheffield, England, recently, excited such pious horror that it was carried by a majority of only four, and ou a Saturday uight it was lound that a hole bad been cut in the bellows by seme of the faithful. Items of Interest. Tho best corn cultivator A tight boot. Colorado' sticks to it that fhe has a starch mine. Two hundred more agricultural labor ers ore en route from England for Canada. Tho value of tho coal and lignites mined in Germany iu 1872 was not far from $100,000,000. Don't imagine that you wero born to reform the world. You can't split a mountain with a toothpick. Enterprise. The Chicago IVmes sold twenty thousand extra copies on tho strength of the editor s going to jail. Did you see tho Run danco yesterday morning? asks the Oswego Palladium. No; wo were sober, replies an exchange. How on earth n woman can keep her gab going while holding a backcomb ond six hairpins in her mouth has always been a mystery and always will be. A silent member of Congress, being entitled to send his speeches free by mail, put his frank on himself, ond wanted to ride free in a mail car, under tho pretext that all his speeches wero in him. The women of Boston paid moro taxes last year than all the men who voted for and elected Gov. Gasten. So ays William I. Bowditch in his pamphlet on tho " Taxation of Women iu Massachu setts." By moistening the knife or borer with a moderately strong solution of caustic soda and potash, instead of with water or alcohol, it is said that India rubber may be cut with as much ease as ordinary cork -wood. It is claimed in England that the title of cardinal is not necessarily ecclesiastic, and that it comes within tho category of foreign orders of nobility that cannot bo legally held without tho direct consent of the Queen. Those who are disposed to be gloomy because there is more crime than thero used to be, should remember that there are moro folks than there used to be, and what is quite as noteworthy, more charity and benevolence than there used to bo. Tho ordinary expenses of the Massa chusetts militia last J ear were about $34 man. The annual average expenses per man iu Connecticut is 835; in New York (without including rent of armories of pay of men on duty), $25; in Maine, $16.25, and in Bhode Island, $10. London has another new industry. A man advertises himself ns " window tickler, from three to seven." He wakes heavy sleepers who wish to get up early. Window tickling is waking without ringing the bells, by means of a long pole, with which he taps on the window pane. A quiet, peaceablo gentleman ill Philadelphia has recently given up busi ness, sent his family into tho country, and calmly announces his determination of devoting tho remainder of his life to discovering tho man who sent him a paving stone by express, with $17 charges on i. At Salinas (Cal.) the other day, a man who was detected whipping his wife was visited by an improvised court of vigi lantes, tried by tho most primitive pro cess of law, and hung to ono of the trees in his dooryard. Ho was cut down, how ever, beforo ho had been seriously in jured. After relating a snake story, tho Owensborough (Ky.) Examiner odds: Wero our informant not a man of truth aud strictly temperate habits, we should bo moro than half inclined to suspicion that his littlo snako story was erected, on tho ruins of a pint of Cincinnati whisky. A writer iu the Druytjixtx' Circular says that in treating some cases of tape worm ho has employed no preliminary provisions beyond forbidding the patient to take any breakfast the day on which it is intended to remove tho worm, and giving him a largo dose of Rochelle salts the preceeding night. A resident of Milledgeville (Ga.) who saw the recent whirlwind strike the Oco nee river, says the water went up, ho thinks, a hundred feet in the air, and for a few moments the bottom of the river where the tornado passed was laid bare, and the mud and soil was blown into tho tops of the trees. An inebriate stranger precipitated himself dowu stairs, and on striking tho landing, reproachfully apostrophized himself with: "If you'd been a-waitin" to come down stairs, why in thunder didn't you say so, you wooden-headed old fool, and I'd a came with you, an' showed you the way?" A smart young Bostoniau offers to wager a considerable amount on his spelling. He says you may give him any word iu the English language, in common use, or obsolete, technical, or otherwise, and he will spell it correctly the first time. Almost any smart young New Yorker can do tho same, "It" is not a difficult word to tackle crthographi ally. Some economical Parisiennes recently attempted a new mode of revivifying their old ball dresses. The gentlemen at a prefectorul ball found that, as they dauced, their dress suits became whito from head to foot. On inquiry they dis covered that the Parisian belles had del uged their skirts with vcloutine to mako tho faded ond dirty dresse3 look fresh again. Two boys wero recently tried at Wol verhampton for stealing goods that wero exposed outside of a shop door. Tho recorder, in sentencing them, suid that the custom of tradesmen exposing goods not only tempted to crime, but led to publio expeuso for the prosecution of the thieves. He therefore determined to try and put a step to it by compelling shopkeepers to pay tho coht of any prosecution. A wealthy merchant of Fnivpoit, in New York State, had so strong a pre sentiment that he would meet his ifath through suffocation, that he refused to introduce gas into a fine house which he had just finished. Then he went to Syracuse to buy furniture, and while at A liotel blew out Lis gas end went to bed. In the morniug he was found dad; but theie scerxs to be about as much carelessi-eiB as coincidence iu the way he died.