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fife HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL DESPERANDTJM. Two Dollars per Annum. Y0L; Aq- KIDGAVAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1876. NO. 28. Tlirjr arc In Love Bless Them. WriAT Hit BATS. Star, let me lipnr yon flioutl Why hang, ye leaven, bo wttll J This Diglit the faltered out A rosy lipped " I will." The blood rushed through my brain She turned her face to me j Then kisses came like rain Upon a parched lea. Light streamed from pole to pole, The air became pr rfumn, And all my barren soul Burst into green and bloom. Oh, honr that bankrupts joy, But perfect's nature's plan Tint m ml was a boy And now I am a man. Star, Itt mo hf ar you shout I Oh, leave, bang not so still ! VYitnl, call your musio out ! My love has said "I will." WD4T SHE SAYS. My hope has then come true- Be loves me, so he said ; How ftt my pulses flew My chock, it burned, how red ! Some thingB I sermed to bear, And some I seemed to see ; Wa it through eye or tar He told Ida hf art to me t 8n high ho seemed to stand. My ho-c grew faint ui.d Uiw ; His love came like a band And drow me up to him. Within me. all is light How, hy, I cannot say; For me, night iB not night, And day is more than day '. Ai.d thus my hopo comes true Oil, hope, how faint and dim 1 And to what c.u I do But lovo and live for him y CUR CHINESE SERVANT. les, we employ Chinese. And so do many nt our friends and acquaintances iv over sniiU wo forget tho first China nun whom wo employed as a houi servant, the excellent and r.rnt..l Bridget who had lived with its so long was to be married. She remained be yond her lime that we might fill her place, but e.:ich apirant to tho culinary u'.Mimui rtc'-mt-it worse iirtn the preeod nig, and finally we anked our Chinese luuuitry man if he conld send us " Chinii boy," u.'i thcyare called. Hid. protested. "Ouht I cuii 't beat to think of yo'a havnig a Chinaman 1 They will stale nil thiro is iu the home, and yo'a won't jiu-jw wnerc it gi.es. But we made due allowance for BkT da h prejudices, engaged "a boy," and lie ciime at the time appointed. A newt, rather handsome fellow, he was, and an ha disappated into bis room, bundle m hand, wo wera con ,bci.ii!8(; a great drawing of tho spirit toward him. In live minutes bo emercr el, clad iu tho daintiest of white blouses nud aprons, his pigtail girded around his head as meaning business, and witn tho q;iii te'; t step and mien ho sought us ono iu me parlor, ana oirae and stood before, us, bis head slightly bowed, his hands folded, perfectly silent, awaiting orders. Thero was a submissiveness in his attitude, his expression, his whole aspect, winoU suggested the Old Testa vw,.. 4. 1 i l. .. i - . nuu me --Aiaoian jights m turn, uur lieart leaped up, as Words nuiius iu a iaiui)ow. itere was a new regime, mooed! How promising I How UfllglUIUl I tio went to work in a war which snowed perfect acquaintance with his duties, and wo mentally planned to teach him ras he not a heathen ?). to j-uuk.u muoii i mm, ana to Keep mm a long time. It was nice to have f ucb. a amtingue looking creature around, and now iiemy no waited on door and table ! About the middlo of the afternoon, an other Chinaman appeared on the scene, and the two had ninth cackle together. No. 1 showed No. 2 his kitchen, laua- dry, and closet; and we concluded that no was pleased with his conveniences, and was receiving congratulations there upon. By Ave o'clock he again ' time and stood before us." "My fliend heap good boy; he stay you; 1 catnh-nia i We, San Flaucisco' And China boy No. 1 summarily de parted, leaving b bind iihn quite an in ferior substitute. And with him went, as we learned that evening, all the crack ed wheat which wo chanced to have in the flour closet. Wonderfully keen, observant and bright, in en hour the " China boy" will take iu the situation of everything about the house. Nor do they seem to notice anything, which is the wonderful part of it. Ihoso narrow little eyes, cut bias, seem always either east down or looking at vacancy, and yr-fc nothing escapes their observation. Owing to this quick ness, one does not dread changing them I on the score of stupidity. But one does 1 dread it on tho score of obstitia-jy, for it is next to impossible to make them do anythiug otherwise than as they learned from tho first person who tanolit them. For instance, oDe of them would always wet Ida pastry before baking it, and bring it out shiny, like a German pret zel. Remonstrances were in vain; "all right," was the answer, but the pastry wae always all wrong. We inferred that he had been first taught how to make pie crust in a German restaurant. They resent nothing more thau being accused of lying and stealing, and there is nothing, apparently, which they think smarter than to lie and to steal. No matter how kind you may have beon, no matter what obligations they may be under; they seem to lack the moral sense which recognizes ingratitude. The Chinaman who takes care of our garden, a great gambler, and, therefore, often reduced to straits, will come to us when hungry to be warmed and filled, and if he geti opportunity will carry off, on leaving the premises, a loaf of bread, a roll of butter, or all the eggs in the hen house. One soon learns to feel neither surprise nor indignation at these little occurrences, but to guard against them as well as may be. j But to return. Auotlit cf our ex periments wa-5 Ghee. Chee was a capi tal fellow, efficient, neat, mid a good oook ; but possessing a temper which flared tip on all occasions, with or with out reason. Then he would bang, scold, and mutter in Chinese, and, immediate ly thereupon, came the announcement : " Yon get nother boy; I go." And go he would, houso full of com pany, familr sick, or what not. JTi wa such a good servant, otlierwi-o, that we took him baelt three times, after which we concluded that tho n,xt time he loft he might stay away, The ocoasion soon came, for tho cunning fellow had learned that our threats of non payment of wages were as empty air ; and, after thin, we had no hold ou him. lie hung about for some weeks, draping in occasion ally or sending a representative Fpy to see what his chances were, but Cliee's day was over. A long suffering familv had rebrlled nt last, and, in process of time, ha became convinced of the fact, and went into the laundry business. It was comical to see his preparations for leaving. He always got himself up in his best suit, flowing sleeves, pigtail ungirt and swinging about his heels, and bat on his head; for tho Chinese don the hat, instead of doffing it, as a token of respect. Thus gorgeously arrayed, he sought n out in whatever part of the house, and hade us a c?romonious farewell. And this seems to be their rule iu leaving a plaoe, no matter what the offense. There is none of the hard feeling which so often makes it a matter of dread to discharge) an Irish girl. " You no likee me, I go ;" and thero is tho whole of it. And they generally loave everything in order behind them. So far as we remember, we never parted with but one China bov who omitted a ceremonious and amiable leave taking. And ho was quite exeusa bio from the Chinese Spurt in stand point. His feelings were injured, uud it happened iu this wise. We had occa sion to go ono day to his cabnoso, and ru.nhed in upon a swarthy and unknown Chinaman with pinto and knife before Inm, deep in tho enjoyment of some " Melicnn grub." Wo called upon he Celi-stiul to stand forth he was a Chi nese peddler and told our incumbent in mild but positive termR to take his " cousin " to tho kitchen for something wherewith to refresh the inner (China) man, and always to nsk us and we would uo our endeavors to indorse his hos pitality. But, at the same time, wo straitly charged him never ..gain to hide any one away in bis room, or to take any one to board, without consulting us as mistress of the premises. Mild though we wero, tho mortification of be ing detected vns too much for Sam. He vcm a favorilo in the family, and had oeen irearen witn contnience and rnado a pet of. Iu tivoniiijuti s he came to the parlor door uud anuouuncd: "Madam, I go," and was cone before wo miil.i reach tho kitchen, here we found dishes standing and everything in disorder. .Lut, as we said before, such a style of iaving is quite exceptional; and, be sides, we happened to havo pdd bis wages to tho lull, only the day before, Wo one noedexntct liermanenev wbn employs Chincso servant. Thy are alwayH anxious to go to a place, and ap pnreutly always ready to leave it. Twen ty-uvo cents is a sufficient inducement eitncr way, and perhaps it is not strange. For, having dared bo much in coming to a foreign land for the sole purpose of money getting, a spirit of unrest and of greed takes possession of them. There is always tho hopo of doing better, and, therefore, they urn always readv to make a change. Of course there are exoeiitios tn tlm rula; of course them aro ChiLauiou who have lived in the sumo family for a length of time. But it will 2cnerllv bn found that tlu-fo have been i;oid extra- ordkvuiiy.higu wages, cr in some other w.iy Lavo h.n.d the inducement to roam removed. As a rule, thev chauoe often. He lived with me fifteen montim? quite a long time for a China boy," said a lady to us. Wiifn tk -y dcsno to leave thero is ab- HOiutely UothlUET which Kin bn rmiw nt.i.l o to prevent it, no matter what tUo em aniissmf nt, inconvenience, or trnnhln of tl,e family, except monej. Therefore, iiui co:uo 10 paH unit most nouse epera make it a rule never to nav them quits all their wages until ready to pRrt w'th them. For, only thni can anything Kej iitioo be extorted from our Celes !1 furvitoiH. Ail are ear for money, It tire grasping and vonnl; and this un- 1 johingly, as n matter of eourse, as the g'lized law of their life. Aud for Kill in a b;.rcain. thev out-Yankee us nil. No one understands so well how to ak a high price, to recede step by ttep, ciihiut ami argue, aud lorl the pulse t f the marke t, aud to dron iust in time to secut'o me prize. To digross a little for an illuslrition. fcy tho family wash is to be consigned to a laundry for a while. On inquiry, umuiix iuiu a noi!?niior mow wbh i m larger employs Hop Fong at six dollars per month, von think to neiid for non Fong. But your China boy by no means jets kucu an opportunity co bv for brinc- Qgeu tora to his "fliend," and pro pose to go for Ah Sing, to which you I'w.i i.itmveuiy consent.. So Ah Siuff makes his annenranne. very polite aud smiling. You cafchee wash ?" "les; how miiL'h you nsk, month?" ' ' I catcb.ee him, then I sabe." ono Jutyonare too wise for suoh rapg.-nient. au ar- "No; my wash no very big; one man, ( uo child, me; how muoh ytu ask?" " Ah," watching your face very atten tively. "I think alUame flee doltars cue week." "Three dollars ono week I Too much I" and you look resolute. That is twelve dollars one month I No. in deed ! " "Ah. I think nine dollars one mon ." "No; I no pay nine mouth. Too muchee." dollars' one "A h. Seven ilollars hap." "No; I no pay seven dollars and a hn'.f. Hop Fong will do it for six dol lars one month. I give you six dollars, no more. You no like it, I send for Hop Fong." Without a moment's hesitation, smil ing, and with the utmost suavity, hav ing perceived that you mean what yon piy, ho tit once accepts aud clinch" the arrangement. " All light. I do all same Hop Foug. Six dollar one mon'." From one to half a dozon Chinamen will loiter round a kitchen if they dure, and one may feel certain that every Chinese of them is hungry. To bo hun gry seems, indeed, their normal condi tion, for they live by scores in their wash houses and other haunt, subsist ing on the smallest modicum of food, in order to save money. When they drop into our kitchens to call on a com rade, therefore, one may be certain that those bright little sloping eyes are on the alert for forage. We have happened suddenly down stairs and found such a visitor im the closet, his hand in the sugar bowl. A neighbor met another emerging from her pantry, eatiag pie. When thus confronted, they laugh and leave immediately, Not a word is said iu r.clf-defense, and the housekeeper's consolation is, that they do not dare to take any but small quantities. But it makes housekeepinp; with them not a state of entire confidence. It is quite a question whether or not to put things uuder lock and key. If trusted, they seem to put themselves somewhat upon honor, not to allow, at nil events, any largo amounts to be abstracted. This, and the fact that no drudgery of locking cm really prevent theft, determines most housekeepers, we think, in favor of open closets. Whether this ingrained habit of pilfering is at onca eradicated iu those who accept Christianity, wo do not know ; but we have been told hy returned missionaries that they hnve to settle the same question, with about the same solution. e are of Ion reminded of the old ge ography which used to telj us that the Chinese aro a very vain people. They vonio nero wnu a secret tauNe or suneri onty to us all as barbarians, aid a secret contempt for women in particu lar ns inferior beings, which makes it Lard for them to submit to the control of tne mistrcFs of a family. Therefore they becomo "uppish" quite as readily A . . . i i . - uiuer servants, company came nn ezpeoledly to luuch, and Doo slammed aud banged torth his vexatious in the most approved Irish fashion "Why you no tell me they como?" Kniec'mg with cxtremo satisfaction that we owed him a littlo money, we sud : " Doo! you too much talkee I Bo good boy; gf-t lunch, heap good 1" Joo subsided; his lunch was "heap good, "and his manner heap sulky, like- They readily learn to cool:, nnd some of them excel in the art. Iu tho laun dry ai'd ns waiters they aro nlso good. Chamb-r work they do not take to, and th isrea iy to slight it ns other At we have before intimated, their value deneuds on the servant, much of w:.y they y,ero tanght by whoever taught tuera first. There is one thing which probably would never enter tho mind of Eastern people, iu connection with Chiueoo ser var.tF, but which is true everywhere in California cinoug those who employ them. No matter how good a Chinaman may be, ladies never leave their chil dren with them, specially little girls. Ou llrst coming here, wo frequently met a very lovely lady who always was accompanied by two littlo girls, eight and four years cf age. If hho wero out, riding or walking, muki:;0- a call or spending the day, the lit'.lo this were always with her. We asked why sho was always so encumbered ? Oh 1 she has only a Chinnnm 11. nnd she conld not leave 'her children with him." " But, why not J Is he not a convert ed Chinaman?" for wo happened to have hvurd that ho had joined tho church. "Yos; but sho does not like tn lenva them; kIio always takos them with l.m-." A lady was here from the country. " Why so short a visit.?" " Oh, we havo only a Chinaman, nml my husband cannot leave the children. you know, and I must go homo and ro lieve him." lias that excellent Chinaman loft. you? ' Oh.no; wa have him yet; but we l ever leave tho children (three gills and a boy) ono singlo moment alono. If my husband goes out to take a walk while I aca gone, he has to take them with him, so you cin see what bonduge Im is iu durinor my absence." A'nrjft. iif.r'a Monthly. The Poor Infants. Tho following report of tho sanita-v foramitteo on tho prevailing disease of infants contained such seasonable ad vice that tho board cf health of New lorn ordered !ZU,000 copies published and distributed : "JSover neglect looseners cf the bowels in an infant. Consult the family or dispensary physicians ttt once, nnd he will give you rulea about what it should take and how it should bo nursed. Keep j our room as cool as possible, havo them well ventilated, and do not allow any bad smells to come from sinks, garbage boxes, gutters, etc, about the house where you live. See ti your own part being right, aud complain to tho board of health, if the neighbors' houses nre offensive. When an infant is cross and irritable in the hot weather, a trip on tho water will do it a great deal of good, and may prevent cholera infantum. Uo not allow your children to eat unripe or dried fruit. An infant under a year old should not have any fruit except by a physician's orders. In very hot weather diimi your children in thin clothing, and bathe them with cool water one, two, or more times a day. "Children under ten months to ayeardo not need anything but the breast or good milk. Cow's milk, when puro, is made like mothers milk by adding one-third water to two thirds milk and warming to blood heat, and a little over ono aud a quarter ounces of white minr m a pint of the mixture : but in the rft a good ileal of the milk has plenty of water and too little cream. If von ?n not nnrse the child, sea that the nursing bottle tube and inouthDiece are bnf. in clean water when not used. The addi tion of a little soda will keep tbem from turning sour. If the baby does not thrive well on oow'i milk, consult a physician." THE OPIUM HABIT. lrlar whlgh Tiirrnirm to Rrrome Na. ilnnnl 1 flrrm ol ilnm on the Bjateuf II. I ha llbll fa Acquired. Mo-ph ne eating has increased with wonderful rapidity, writes a druggist to an exchange. Ounces nr sold now to where graius were sold when I went into the drug business. A great many per sons use it habitually. . Especially among what are termed the better classes it is used to a feaiful extent. Generally speaking, the habit is fimt begun through the prescription of a physician. The soothing, lulling effect it has upon the physical pain first at tracts the attention of the snfforer, and when the pain reours, morphine is re sorted to without the prescription or ad vice of a physiciau. It grows upon what it feeds, and the habit is soon formed. Once fixed, it is impossible to break it up, and tho poor victim drags out a miserable existenco, alternating between the pleasures of elysium when under the influence of the customary dose and the horrors of hades when de prived of it. Sulphate of morphia is the preparation generally used, though some use green opinmaud others tinc ture of opium or laudanum. Tho daily quantity varies greatly. With some but a small quantity only in necessary to get up to the opium eater's heaven, while orners taBe enough to kill a dozen peo ple. The largest quantity I over know a person to take at a dose was an ounce of solid opium. A man came into my store one day nnd purchased nn ounce of green opium. I wrapped it iu a paper mm ii pam iur ii aua started oat. iJe fore he got fairly ontsido the door, ho unwrapped it aud put itiuhis mouth. I thought ho was trying to commit sui cide, nnd I rnu out aud took him by the throat and compelled him to disgorge. As soou as he recovered sufficiently from the effects of tue choking (aud I did not handle him very gently) he confessed that ho wai nn opium cater, anil that an ounce was his regular daily dosn. Further observation convinced mo that ho was tolling the truth. Ve wns a teamster, and had been wounded in a seuffld with a comrade. His physi ci.uis gave him opium to relieve tho ptiin and kept, him under the influence of it for some time. When his wound was honied the habit was firmly fixed. He could not sleep without it, and continued to use it in increased quantities until he had reached tho enormous dose of one ounce per day. Not long aftt rward I eaw him on an txtreme-ly cold day without a coat. So terriblo had been his appetite for opium that ho had pawned his coat to got money to buy opium. The rigors of a tempera ture below zero were less painful than o horrors of deprivation of bis ib-.ilv dse. Ho realized his condition and de- bired to bo cured, for in his case it was a disease, nnd J hioeedod in getting him into a hospital, and tho last I heard oi mm ho was improving, with hopes of recovery. The medicinal dope of mor phia is from one-eighth toone-auarterof u grain, and of opium from one to two grains. At first it produces a sedative effect, and dries up nil the secretions. Alter taking it a little whilo it ceases to affect tho bowels. A person in the habit of using it, when deprived of it, be comes nervous, restless and niinl.ln in remaiu iu ono position any length of time. If the deprivation is continued, this extreme nervousness continues till it amounts to delirium. I never saw any one who took morphine or opium for the tasto. It is always for the effect. It soothes pain, and puts n persou in a dreamy, comfortable state. When under tho influence of the drug, they have no desire for food, nnd if they work it is in a mechanical sort of a way. Tho habit robs them of all euergy'and ambition. If they can only got their daily doae they care for nothing else. It is really more demoralizing than liquor in its tff.jcfs. It Hunts tho moial sensibili ties. A person usually honest nnd truth ful iu other niattcr j will lie and steal to get morphine. I never knew a mor phine rater who got morphino on credit to pay for it. Hat Guano. That a littlo creature, not very com mon in the North, could congregate iu sufficluut numbers to make extensivo deposits of excrement, which have a commercial value, seems alraott incredi ble ; but iu numerous caves, from Vir ginia to Texas, aro found deposits cf thi't material, sometimes reaching 20 -Odd tons iu extent, and yearly increasing. During tho wur it was thought to ex tract niter from it for powder making ; but though tho maunfacturo was sonie whut successful, the nitric acid wis pro-en t in snoh small quantities as to render it so expensive as to be aban doned at the closo of the war. Th mn. ! tnrial has been ii'ed as a fertiliser tn o slight extent, and h found to exert con siderable influence on the crops treated. Tho attention of Mr. MoMurtrie, chem ist (o the department of. agriculture having been called to the matter, analy ses have been made of samples collect ed. These are all of a similar light to d.irk brown color, accordiug to the raoistnre, except those containing much insoluble matters, which resemble soil, of which thej probably largely consist! Tho physioal cundilion' wheu air-dried is excellent, both for handling and ap plication, b-ing fin-.ly paiverulent. The aualysts fairly represent the aver ago composition, which, according to the valuations of Professor Goecsmuun, tho Massachusetts Stats inspector of fer tilisers, adopted by the department, show diem to possess a value of from J15 to $55 per ton for use as fertilizers. The values compare favorably with those of fish fertilizers, and evoa of tVemviau guano. Microscopical examination show.H the material to consist largely of the hard parts of insects upon which tho bats feed. A Strange Fellow, Some ono came to borrow the Lodja's ass. "He isn't heie," was the reply. At which moment tho ass brayod from within. "Oh, Allah I" exclaimed the appli cant ; "you say he is not here, and there he js, braying this moment I'" " What I" replied the hodja, with in dignution ; "you believe an ass rather tttuu an old man like mo with a white beard I What a a tranga fellow you are I " Fa hlon Sole The Saratoga trunk find- littlo favor in England. Petticoats are trimmed with Hamburg embroideries'. Poppies and grass are lavishly nsed on pale blue Creole gauze. . Dress baskets are becoming more and more popular for traveling. Grass linen is much used for the long, slender bustles now iu vogue. Ladies' dress imperials, made of solid leather, head the list of ladies' trunks. Imperials and dress baskets are taking the place of the tall, narrow French trunks. Chamois and silver gray cuirasses are embroidered in r filigree of gold, silver or steel. Tho " shirt " pattern, with its tucked f rout, and yoke back, is popular for night drosses. For country use fans of ecru linen, with a largo iuiti d in one corner, are favorites. Faus are worn smaller than last year, ana are lastened to the waist with a nil ver chatelaine. Creole gauze, which is striped all over with fine white satin Jines, is a popular rarity oi gauze lor summer balls. In hats, a largo pompon of foulard at ouo pide is popular ; tho foulard should mutch in oolor tho dress worn at the time. Ijouis ay I. hats, either of black or white straw, have their brims turned uo at tue bacu, with a tuit of feathers placed entirely at the back. White barege is used for quiot dinner dresses, and white muslin for small even ing parties ; white organdy muslin mixed with tiiUetas is a favorite combination For evening wear nre elegant fans niudo of cocks' feathers, mounted on tortoiso shell sticks, ostrich feathers of natural color, aud peacock aud marabout feathers. Hats made of bofh coarse anil fancy straw, with uigu pointed crowns, are trimmed with u feather baud about the crown uud a bouquet of contrasting color on ouo side. Costumes made with four tunics, each ouo plaited nil over, arc fashionable. The first tui.ic is six inches long, tho second ten, tho third fourteen, and the fourth twenty inches. Louis XVI. costumes made of real In dian foulard wash well aud do not crush or crease. These oro fashioned into long polonaises and worn over skirts trimmed with phu tings; which have a maize grouud striped with coral 'and bows made up of hanging loops and ends. How to Cure a Had Memory, Your memory is bad, perhaps; but I eau toll you two secrets that will cure the worst memory. Ono is to read a sub ject whea strongly interested. The other is, to not only read, but think. When you have read a paragraph or a page, stop, closo the book, and try to remember the ideas on that page, and not only recall them vaguely iu yonr mind, but put them into words and speck themout. Faithfully follow these two rules, and you havo tho golden keys of knowledge. Besidos inattentive rer.ding, there are other things injurious to memory. Ono is the habit of skim ming over newspapers, items of news, smart remarks, bits of information, po litical reflections, fashion notes, all in a confused jumble, never to be thought of again, thus dilligontly cultivating a hubit of careless reading hard to break. Another is the reading of trashy novels. Nothing is bo fatal to raiding with profit as tho habit of running through story after story, and forgetting then: ns soon as read. I know a gray haired woman, a lifelong lover of books, who sadly de clares that her ruiud has been ruined by such reading. A help to memory is repetition. Nothing is so certain to keep your French fresh, nnd ready for use, as to havo always on hand an interesting story in that language, to take up for ten min utes every day. In that case, yon will not " forget your French " with tho majority of your schoolmates. St. Nicholas. How Grapes are Pressed. The most prjmitivo way of pressing grapes for wine, it is hardly neoessary to say, pays a Oalaxu writer, is bv treadiuir a process which I saw both in France nnd Palestine. In the latter ou Mount Ziou iu Jerusalem tho grapes were thrown into a wooden box about four feet square and three deep ; the bare legged Arabs, bracing themselves with Iheir hands on each other's shoulders, tramped the fruit by the hour, as the juice issued from a hole in the bottom of the box into a tub. A traveler stand ing by thought tho process was indeli cate, but be was informed that fermen tation, like fire, is a purifier. The primitive pressing which I saw iu Frauce was done not far from Dijon, and not a great distance from a region where the most improved methods of pressing are employed. It was nearly equal in simplicity to that practiced ou the hills of Judi-n. Iu Jerusalem the Arabs tramped with their naked feet, aud in the out-of-the-way place referred to in France tho tramping was clone uuder the sabot. Tho must (the crushed mass of grapes) was thrown into a vat, when eight or ten men jumped iu and tramped about in it, using their hands aa well as their feet to press out the clumps which cling together. This was done also with a view to warm the must by the natural heat of their bodies, and thus hasten fermentation. Their faces were stained with the juice, and they were gory to the shoulders. Training Sheep Bogs. The following is said to be a Texan practice) for training sheep dogs; A pup is taken from its mother before its eyes are opened, and put to a ewe to suckle. After a few times, the ewe becomes reconciled to the pup, which follows her like a lamb, grows up among, and remains with the flock, aud no wolf, man, or strange dog cau come near the sheep: and the dog will bring the flock to the fold regularly at half-past aeven b'olook, if be ia habitually fed at that hour. OX THE PLAINS. Hteck Taklnc the Plnee at tlie Buflnlo-." Wratern Cattle Kins. As the train glides on over the plains, writes a Wostern correspondent of the World, we see the ruins of the little dugouts half house, half fort which used to bo inhabited by the squads of soldiers who guarded tne railway line. Small herds of antelopes stand aud gaze within rifle shot, or speed nimbly away. The prairie dogs bark and skeet into their holes like mad, to the delight of tho children at the windows. Not a buf falo is to be seen. The cruel fun of shooting at and sometimes maiming them from the car windows can no more be enjoyed. They have been scared and murdered away. Besides the reckless slaughter by tourists and pleas ure hunter , thousnnds of them have been killed during the past two or three winters for commercial purposes. Tho hides were stripped off nnd sold, some times for 81.50 each. Tho bones were gathered in heaps near tho railway sta tions and freighted eastward, to bo used as fertilizers. It is estimated that iu one winter ou the lines of the Union and Kansas Pacific railroads over one hun dred thousand heid wero killed. The retreat of tho buffaloes is com pensated by the advance of the rtock Misers. As wo approach the Rocky mountains the outposts of a hundred herds of tame cattle aro visible on either sido. The rich nutritious grasses with which the plains aro covered aro here found in all their excellence, and the territory east of the Black Hills, north to the North Platte river and south to tho gulf of Mexico, now sustains mil lions of cattlo aud sheep. All around Cheyenne nud Denver are the rauckesof stockmen men engaged iu growing cat tle, sheep, horses aud mules for market. No hay is cut for nny of these animals except sheep nnd tho cattle kept for winter use. Winter and summer tl-.ey live ou the native grasses, although it is sometimes hard for them to subsist through the winter storms. Wero it not for the fierce winds that then de nude the summits of the ridges whilo tiilirg the hollows between them with snow, the wretched creatures would perish from starvation. As it. is, thou sands of them do annually starve ami freeze at tho climaxes of tempests so bitter that they have compelled even the buffaloes to approach blockaded lo comotives nt night and lean up against ' .1. i . .. . bui-m iui wariutii una Hueirer. The experience . of Mr. Iliff, the "Cattlo King of tho Plains," whose grimt ranch in northern Colorado in cludes linndreds of squaro miles of bot tom nnd upland ranges, is typical of the whole. During the sevtra winter of 1871-72 there were deep snows that re mained a long time, and tho storms were b.cvssant. In tho midst of them Mr. Iiiff visited his ranch and found his cat tlo dying and scattered by thousands. In- spite of all ho could do, less than half of them were recovered, and those 1 u 1 strayed at springtimo into two dif-f-rent States and four different Terri tories. More than 820.000 were expend ed in efforts to find them. At last, in the spring of 1875, 5,000 undiscovered head were charged to profit aud loos. Could theso havo been solel the provious fall they would have brought at least ?18 a Lead a total of $90,000. Yet the cattle king, aud many cattle priuces, besides him, make money from cattlo raising on the plains, for they lef.ru by experience, aud tho demand is great enough to warrant all their risks. Air. Hill has now moro than tweutv-six thousand head of cattle, of nil aires. t izes and conditions. Nearly five thou sand calves were branded on his ranch last year, and he sold nbout the same number of four year-old steers and fat cows. At the averace selliucr rrico of S-S2 a bend, net, 4,000 bend brought him 3128,000. He employs from twelve to thirty-live men to take care of his im mense herds in summer. By the intro duction of thoroughbred Durham bulls tho herds are rapidly graded np, and ho estimates th;3 increase, outside of pur chases and sales, to bo nbout seventy per e nt. per year. Besides thecattlo raised ou his ranch he deals largely iu Texas and Indian cattle, aud lust season adver tised for 20,000 head of Texas cattle to be dolivercd during the driving months of 1876. If he does not obtaiu this number from Texas he expects to sup ply the deficiency with Oregon and Montana cattle, which are beginning to come East. The Laramie plains, higher up, among the mountains, aro a paradise for stock, especially sheep, aud away over the mountains toward the Pacific there are stock ranches that throw even Iliff's in tho shade. Iu the Humboldt valley, some fivo hundred and fifty miles east from San Francisco, one cattle firm have 20,000 acres fenced in. It is seven miles across from their eastern to their west ern fences. The fences, made of red wood posts and Oregon boards, cost about $900 a mile, and there are twenty miles of them. The firm own 40,000 head of cattle, which aro mostly shipped to Sau Francisco. The stock is all of good quality, and some of the best blooded animals in the country are an nually purchased to improve the grades. Tho suow hero seldom falls deep, does not stay long, and the grass makes its appearance early iu the spring. Grass, though, does not seem essential to the well being of some of the fattest cattle on the continent. Further down tho Humboldt valley, where nothing else but sage brush, greasewood and alkali dust is to be seen, tho Central Pa cifio trains have to slacken speed to avoid maiming heavy herds, for which the greeu greasewood bush is alleged to furnish abundant provender. What to Bo. Every little while we read of some one who has stuck a rusty nail in bis foot or some other part of his person, and lock jaw has resulted therefrom. All such wounds can be healed without any fatal consequences following thorn. The remedy is simple : It is only to smoke 6nch wound, or any wound or bruiBe that is inflamed, with burning wool or woolen cloth. Twenty minutes in the smoke of wool will take the pain out of I ha worst case of inflammation arising from any wound we ever iaw. It"nig of Interest. Tup. hypocrito can be anything but an honest man. Tho English West Arrican squadron hi blockaded the ports of the king of Dahomey, Question for debating sooieties Which is the most dangerous, to hnve a man shot at a ball, or a ball shot nt a man ? Tho emperor of China has forbidden the immigration of his subjects to Span ish colonies, beetm the coolies in Cuba ere treated no better than slaves. Connecticut produced 700 new inven tions last year, or one to 7G4 inhabitants. Massachusetts stood next in tho number of patents. Arkansas is at tho foot of the list. A bcyin Tennessee committed suicide tho o'Unr day because his mother sent him to the woods for n hickory stick, with which he wns to be punished for "taking sugar out of the sugar bowl." Some ono who has been searching in colonial history aunounces thnt np to the Revolution no American bad ever exercised the office of general. The highest rank ever permitted to a colonist was colonel. The heroic act of William Roberts, of St. Louis, was to dive into a cittern through a hole bo small that it scrnped skin from his body, nud keep n boy above water until tho woodwork could be removed for their rescue. A'owjears since, at the celebration of au anniversary, a poor peddler who was present, being called upon for a toast, offered tho following: " Here is health to poverty it sticks to a man wheu all his friends forsake him." Lieut. Rudio, whoso remarkable es enpefrom tho Sioux has been described, in said to bo the samo Itudio who, in 1858, participated with Orsini, Gomez, nnd Peri in the attempt to kill Napoleon III. by throwing hand bombshells in his carriage in Paris. Speaking of tho eastward flow of Chinese immigrants the Philadelphia Xorh American says: Remote as Phila delphia is from San Francisco we have a steadily increasing Chinese influx, nud the element tnny now be fairly snid to be permanently established here. Colorado potato bugs have been washed ashore ut Milestone and other places in Connecticut in such numbers of lato as to poison the air. The captain of a New London vessel onys that they came on board in such swarms whilo at sea that thoy had to close the hatches. Said I to little brother Howard: " There I your toes nre out of your stockings again; eroms to mo the y wear out iu a hurry." Giving a comical leer, ha said : " Do you know why stockings wear out first at the toes j" " No." " Because toes wiggle and heels don't." Miss Collins, tho conductor of Boffin's Bower, a Boston chavitablo institution, soys that out of every hundred shop pirls in that city, fifty live at homo and the rest in boarding housc-s. She thinks litco are 30,000 girls employed in Bos ton shops in seventy different occupa tions. " I'll bet a sheep," said old Meredith to his better half, "that our boy Otho is goiug crazy; fur bo's giinnin' at tho plow, he's grinniu' at tho barn, and he's grinnin' to himself wherever Lo goes." "I'shawl old man," said bis wife, "you don't know nothin'. Tho critier's got a love letter 1" Brougham, iu speaking of the salary attached to tho rumored (ippointmcnt of a new judgeship, said it was nil moon shine. Lyudhurst, in his dry and wng gii.h way, remarked : "It may bo so; but I have a strong notion thot, moon shine though it be, you would l'ko to see tho first quaiter of it." A quaint writer says : I havo 6f-en womeu so delicnto that they wero afraid to rido, for fear ol tho horse running away ; ufruid to sail, for f ar tho boat might bo npsct ; afraid to walk, for fear they might fall ; but never saw oue al'iaid to bo married, which is far more riskf ul than all tho others put together. "Thero is a boarding house, Not far away, Whore thoy have bam aud egs Three times a day." "Oh, how the boarders yell, Whfln they hoar the dinner bell ! Oil, how tho egga do Buiel! ! Thrco times a day." Professor Rhode gives no tho result of bis experiments in feeding cows to as certain tho proportion of food con sumed to the milk produced as follows: The Hollander eats fivo pounds of hay for every quart of milk; tho Breitenber ger, six and one-fourth pounds; the Tondern, seven pounds, and tho Ayr shire, nine pounds. A lady of great beauty and attractive ness, who was an nrdent odmirer of Ireland, once crowned her praises of it at a party, by saying : " I think I was meant for an Irishwoman." " Cross the chanuel, madam," remarked Samuel Lover, the novelist, who happenod to be present; "millions will tay you were meant for an Irishman. " A womau in Btrnctead, N. H., found the egg of a night hawk tho other day. Sho took it homo aud put it under an inverted bowl in a cupboard near the cooking stove. A few days after she heard a noiso under the bowl, and found that tho egg had hatched, nnd that she had a lively young hawk. But the little bird would not eat nnd soon died. Salmon, which a few years ago sold in the New York market at ono dollar a pound, can be bought for eighteen cents. This great reduction is due the fact that, since the opening of now railroads, enormous quantities cau be put, at a low figure, in Eastern cities by refrigerator t ars, which bring the fish directly from their native rivers iu Maine and the British provinces. A carpenter, as a rule, is a plane mau, doing hia work on the square. It wouldn't augur well for him to chisel folks a bit. Shaving adz nothing, but rather de files his reputation. Scratch awl round and hew can never draft a plumb carpenter, who would not be judged by his ax, although at times he u the saw dust man yon ever aaw. Lika a gambler, yon can tell a suooeMfol pester by hia chips.