Newspaper Page Text
HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL DESPERANDUM. Two Dol,ar8 Per Annum.
VOL. VI.- EIDGWAY, ELK COUNTY, FA., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1876. NO. 29. " Cover Them Oyer." Cover them over with beautiful flowers, Deck them with garlands, those brothers of ours, Lying so silent, by night and by day, Sleeping the years of their manhood away. Years they had marked for the joys of the brave 1 Years they must waste in the moldering grave. All the bright laurels they waited to bloom Fell from their hopes when they fell to the tomb. Give them the meed they have won in the past; Give them the honors their future forecast ; Give them the cbaplefs they won in the strife, Give them the laurels they lost with their life. Cover them over yes, oover thom over Parent, husband, brother and lover I Crown in your hearts those dead heroes of ours Aud oover them over with beautiful flowers. Covor the faces that motionless lie, Shut from the blue of the glorious eky, Faces once decked with the smiles of the gay, Faces now marked with the frown of decay ; Eyes that looked friendship and love to your own, Lips that the thoughts of affection made known ; Brows you have soothed in the hour of dis tress Cheeks you have brightened by tender caress. Oh 1 how they gleamed at the nation's first ory 1 Oh! how they streamed when they bade you good-bye ! Oil ! how they gleamed in the battle'd fierce flame I OKI how they paled when the death angel came 1 Covor them over j oh, cover them over, Parent, huoband, brother and lover ! K.as in your hearts those dead heroes of ours, A: nl cover them over with beautiful flowers. Cover their hands that are lying untried, Crossed on the boeom and low by the eide, lliinds to you, mother, in infancy shown ; Hinds to you, father, clasped close to your own j Hands where yon, siater, when tired and dis mayed, Hung fur piotection and couneel and aid ; llauda t1;at you, brother, in loyalty knew; llnnds tl.at you, wire, wrung in bitter adieu. Iiravtly the musket and saber they bore, Words of affliction they wrote in their gore. Graudiy they grasped for a garland of light, (.'atcliiuR the mantle of death-darkened night. Coser them over ; oh, covtr them over, 1' ir.;nt, liuubaud and brother and lover 1 Crown in your hearts those heroes of oura, And cover them over with beautiful flowers. Cover tho feet, that, all weary aud torn, lli.hor by ooniiadi.s wire tenderly brrne, . Foot fiat havo trodden the flawiry ways C.mo by your ovn in the old l)piy daya ( Fot thai have pressed in life's opening morn liDees of pleasure and death's poisoned thorn. S.viftly they ruihcd to t!io help of the right, Firmly they stood in the shock of tho fiLt. Ne'er eha'l tho enemy's harrjing tramp Buicmou thtm forth from their death guarded oamp Ne'er till the bugle of Gabriel sound Will they come out of their couch in the ground. Cover them over ; yes, cover them over, Parent, httsbaud, brother and lover! liough were the paths of those heroes of cure Now oover them over with beauiiful flowers. Cover the hearts that have beaten so high, iJaaten with hopes that were doomed but to die, Hearts that have burned in the heat of the fray, Hearts that have yearned for the homes far away, Hearts that beat high in the charge's loud tramp, Hearts that fell low in the prison's foul damp. Once they were swelling with oourage and will; Now they are ly ng all pulseless and still. Oi.ce they were glowing with friendship and love i Now their great souls have gone soaring above. Bravely their blood to the nation they gave ! Then in her bosom they found them a grave. Cover them over yes, oover them ovor, Parent aud husband, brother and lover! Kiss in your heart those dead heroes of ours, And cover them over with beautifu lowers. Covor tho thousands who sloop far away, Sieep where their friends cannot find thom to day, They who in mountain and hillside and dell Best where they wearied aud lie where they fo'l. Softly tlie giass-blndcB creep round their re pose, Sweetly above them the wild flow'ret blows. Zephyrs of freedom fly gently o'erhead, Whispering prayers for the patriot dead. So in our miud we'll name them once more, Bo in our hearts we'll oover them o'er. Rotes and lilies and violets blue Bl jom in our souls for the brave and the true, Cover them over ; yes, cover them over, Parent, husbaud, brother and lover ! Think of those far-away heroes of ours, And cover them over with beautiful flawers. When the long years have rolled slowly away, E'en to the dawn of earth's funeral day, When at the archangel's trumpet and tread Bise up the faces and forms of the dead, When tho great world itslai-t judgment awaits When the blue sky shall swing open its gates And our long ooluruns march silently through Fast the Great Captain for final review, Then from the blood that has flowed for the right Crowns shall spring upward, untarnished and bright Then the glad ears of each war-martyred son Proudly bhall hear the good tiding, ' well done." Blessings for garlands shall ccver thtm over, Parent and husband and brother and lover. God will reward those dead heroes of ours, And cover them over with beautiful flowers. Carleton. When a patriotio Scot sowed thistle seed in Australia to remind him of home, he bestowed a very left banded boon on bis adopted country. Nor is the rabbit just now regarded with favor at the anti podes. They have multiplied so prodi giously, especially in New Zealand, as to become a perfeot pest, and one reason for this is, that nature there has provided no polecat or weasels to destroy them. IN THE LUNATIC ASYLUMS. Until a very recent date, says an arti cle ou the subject of insanity in Scrib ner'a Month, the insane in all coun tries, for upward of two thousand years, have been treated barbarously. Harm less lunatics were permitted to wander about the country, the sport and bntt of men and boys. if they becatuo at all troublesome, they were tied up mid whipped out of their madness," and were then thrown into loathsome dun goons, secluded and neglected. Indeed, it has been snid by a writer who made tho subject his lifelong study (Oonolly), that there was not a town or village in all the fairest countrios of Europe in which such enormities were unknown. The earlier institutions prepared for the care of insano were gloomy prisons of tho woTst description. In Franoe, we are told that attendants were selected from the notorious criminals and male factors, and to the tender mercies of these unhung wretches were committed the sick and infirm insane. These at tendants, nearly always armed with heavy whips, and sometimes accom panied by savage dogs, had unlimited sway over the poor creatures committed to thtir care. They were free to impose whatever puniahment they chose, and as a consequence chains, manacles, stripes, uucleanness, starvation, and even the garotte were characteristic of these es tablishments in Europe. An elaborate report upon tho condi tion of the insane in France wns pub lished some years ago, in which there is a history of the condition of the insane prior to the time of Pinel. It would appear from this aud other reports that some of the insane in the large hospitals Bicetre and Saltpetriere were confined in cells attached to high terraces or else below the surrounding enrth, both being damp and unwholesome. These cells were six feet square; air and light were admitted only by the door, and food was introduced through a small wicket. The only furniture was a narrow plank fast ened into the wall and sometimes cov ered with straw. At tho Saltpetriere many of the cells were below the drains, and large rats made their way into them, and often attacked and severely injured tho insane, aud sometimes were the oa casion of their death. Dr. Pariset describes tho condition of the iusauo in the Bicetre as cvon worse. He found the vicious, tho criminal, the wild and noiiy, all mingled together and treated alike. lie describes them as wretched beings, covered with dirt, kept m cold, damp, narrow cells, with scarce ly a ray of light to cheer them, and with neither table, chair nor bench to sit upon. The patients were loaded with chains, and were defonueless against the brutality of their keepers. The build ing resounded day and night with cries an j yells aud the clanking of chains and fetters. No efforts were made to enter tain or amuse them no authority over looked this dreadful place. There were no flowers, no trees, not even a blade of grass, that could be seen; the nnfortu-u-.ites were as in a tomb. Such was the condition of tho insane in France, when Pinel, moved by the unhappy state in which he found human beings, began a reform which will ren der his name immortal. Having fiBt obtained consent of the government, he rntered upon his errand of mercy. His first act is described as follows: There were about fifty whom he considered might without danger be unchained, and iie began by releasing them, with the mo!b precaution of having previously prepared the same number of waistcoats with long sleeves, that could be tied bo hiud if necc sary. The first man on whom the experiment was to be tried was an English enptaiu, whose history no one know, as he had been in chains forty y ars. Ho was thought to be one of the most furious among them. His keepers approached him with caution, as he had in a fit of frenzy killed one of them with a blow of his manacles: He was chained more rigorously than any of the others. Pinel entered his cell unattended, and calmly paid to him. " Captain, 1 will order your chains to 1)0 taken off aud givo you liberty to walk in tho court if you will promise me to behave well aud injure no one." " Yes, I promise," said the maniac; " but you arc laughing at me." "I have six men," answered Pinel, "ready to eu force my commands if necessary. Be lieve mo, then, on my word; I will give yon your liberty if you will put on this ai.tcoat." Ho submitted to this willingly with out a word. His chains were removed, and his keepers retired, leaving thedoor of tho cell open. He raised himself many times from his seat, but fell again upon it, for he had been in a sitting 1 os ture so long that he had lost the use of his limbs. lu a quarter of an hour, he succeeded in maintaining his balance, and with tottering steps came to the door of his dark cell. His first look was at the sky, aud ho cried out enthusiastic ally: " How beautiful I" During the rest of tho day h was constantly in mo tion, walking up and down and uttering short exolamations of delight. In the evening, he returned of his own acoord to his cell, where a better bed had been prepared for him. During the two suc ceeding years that he spent at the Bi oetre, he had no return of his previous paroxysms, and even rendered himself useful by exercising a kind of authority over the insane pr.tients, whom he ruled u his own fashion. Bat this maguifioent reform was slow in making its way. Nearly forty years after Pinel begun his work in the Bice tre, the asylums in other ports of France still continued their brutal and inhuman treatment. Esquirol, who succeeded Pinel, visited nearly every asylum in France, and labored indefatigably to belter the condition of the inmates. Writing in 1818, he says that he found th insane in many places naked, and protected only by straw from damp, cold, atone pavements, without fresh air, without light, with6ut water, and chained in "caves" to which wild beasts would not have been consigned. Some were fasti ned to the wall by chains a foot and a half long, and this method was said to be peculiarly calm ing t There was no medical treatment, and the attendants employed coercion and flogging at will. In England, as lata as in 1800, things were no better. Lunatics were believed to be tinder the influence of the moon, at particular phases of which they were bound, chained and whipped, to pre vent paroxysms of violence. At some of the asylums, patients were led unsus pectingly across a treacherous floor, whioh gave way, and the patients fell into a " bath of surprise," and were there half drowned and half frightened to death. The celebrated Dr. Oullen said, the first principle in the treatment of lunatios was to produce fear; and the best means of producing fear was by punishment; and the best mode of pun ishment was by stripes. Some of the German physicians want ed machinery by which a patient, arriv ing at the asylum, should be suddenly drawn with fearful clangor across a motal bridge and over a moat, then sud denly raised to the top of a tower, and as suddonly lowered into a subterranean cavern; and they also promulgated the view that if the patient could be made to alight among snakes, lizards and other hideous reptiles, it would be bo much the bettor t -a In some places the patient was chain ed fast to the wall, and water was ad mitted to tho cell, slowly rising abont the poor creature until it seemed certain that he would be drowned. Another de vice, which was known as a " safe and effectual remedy," and about which there was some dispute as to who was entitled to the credit of being the inven tor, was a contrivance which might bo exiled a cross between a chair and a couch, in which a maniac or a melan cholic was bound fast; it was then ro tated at various speeds up to one hun dred times in a minute, until tho poor wretch, fainting, with bloodshot eyes and suffused face, was dragged from this torture to recover as best he could. It was recommended that, in special cases, it should be used in the dark, with unusual noises and disgusting smells. At Bethlem, the committee found gal leries containing ten women, each chained by arm or leg to the wall. Ech had a blanket dress, but nothing to fasten it upon tho body no shoes nor stockings, and all weielost in imbecility, dirt and ofl'cjnsiveness. Many women were locked iu their cell, chained to tho Will!, without clothing, and with only t-ne blanket for covering. In the men's wing, some patients were chained up to tho wall, side by side, without clothing of any kind "tho room had the appearance of a dog kennel." In one room they found a patient who has been described by Esquirol in his work on mental diseases. This man, Noriis, wig powerful, and had been violent. Ho was fastened by a long chain passed through the wall into tho keeper's room, so that he could be sud denly dragged up to the wall whenever tho keeper's fancy led him to do so. To pievent this, poor Norris muffled the chain with r,traw. Then a new torture was invented. "A stout ring wa4 riv eted around his neck, from which a short chain passed to a ring made to slide up or down on an upright massive iron bur, more than six feet high, in serted into the wall. Ronnd his body, a strong iron bar, about two inches wide, was riveted; on each side of the bar was a circular projection, which being fastened to and inclosing each of his arms, pinioned them close to his sides. The patient could indeed rais9 himself up, but he could not stir nor walk one step, and could not lie down except upon his back, and when found, he had beeu in this condition for twelvo years. And this state of things existed iu England thirty years after Piuel's re form in Franco I Up to this time, the asylums in Eug land havo been described as menageries for wild beasts, where straw was raked out, and food thrown in through tho bars; and where, in some cases at least, the wretched inmates were exhibited for money. There was no veutilution, no medical treatment, no kiuJues3, no effort to relieve or beguile the disorder ed imagination, no effort to foster a sin gle kindly expression; every emotion and passion was witnessed by a dozen or more patients in all conditions of mental perturbation, and even the death moau was mingled with the frantic laugh of surviving patients. The frightful condition of theso poor unfortunates is to be ascribed in part to the fact that insane people were be lieved to be under the displeasure of the Almighty that the disorder being mental was therefore properly a subject for priests and metaphysicians to cope with. The priests aud magi, not tuo ceeding well iu their undertakings, gradually allowed them to pass over to the metaphysicians, who, while ably discussing the essentials necessary to eoi stilute tho ego, and launching tomes at each other upon the important matter as to whether a man existed or not, al lowed afflicted humanity to sink lower and lower, until not only his bodily wauls were wholly neglected and ho was most snamefully abused, but even tho existence of his soul was ignored and he came to be regarded as of less amount than the brute. These are but brief glances at the condition of the treatment of the insane almost down to the present day. While all other sciences and pursuits Lad, hun dreds of years before, started on the highway of advancement, with most brilliant results, that of the management of insanity remained in the darkness of superstition and empiricism until after tho dawn of the nineteenth century. Now, the United States, England, France, Germany and Italy are radiant with elegant buildings, fitted up with modern appliances for the relief of these suffering people, from which the demons of superstition Tiave been exorcised, and in their places have been called iu the angels who come down and trouble the health giving waters. RAiiiKOADS. We learn from tho Rail road Manual that out of 691 railways only 166 pay dividends. These, how ever, though less than one-fourth of the railway system in number, embraco many of the more important and costly lines. The dividend paying roads have, in the aggregate, 21,829 miles in opera tion, and stock amounting to 81.047.- 687,832. The non-paying roads have 46,930 milos in operation and 81,150, 773,449 in stock. We all do more harm than we intend, and less good. Railroad Conductors. A reporter who interviewed a railroad man learns the following incidents about the peculations of conductors: The peculations of conductors are only proven by the use of what is technically known. as "spotters," and the results of their investigations are often as disas trous to the conductors as they are satis factory to the directors. A few years ago a railroad iu Pennsylvania was ' tested," and over 8100,000 were recov ered from conductors on the same, of which $80,000 were from one of the most popular and moBt trusted conductors. The company then introduced the sys tem of paying their conductors $100 a month, and, in addition to this, setting aside for each one $300 in stock per an num on whioh the dividends were paid. This stock the conductor could neither transfer nor hypothecate, but at the end of a certain term of years, if he was hon est and remained with the company, the stock was made over to him. The result was that in a test of this road, made two or three years subsequently, it was found the company were not losing $400 a year. Of course there is much said and not a little written against the injustice of subjecting conductors to the operations of " spotters." On another road, "test ed" at tho same t'me as the one men tioned, a majority of the conductors were discharged. They made a howl about the matter, said the "spotters" were liars and thieves, and all sorts of things. They compared notes with their brother conductors on the road which had borne the test so well, and met with but little sympathy from the latter, who had been personally compli mented by their president for the excel lent report given of them by the ma ligned "spotters." Ergo, rogues kick where honest men can rest in comfort. From the returns of conductors it is impossible to single out the honest from the dishonest, and it often happens that the trusted man is the rogue while the suspected man is conscientious and ex act to a cent. The men who divide the cash fares between the company's treas urer and their own pockets on courage the payment of cash fares ou the train in many ways, and so may turn in more money than the honest conductor receives on the same run, aud still retain a large percentage. I knew ono case in which a conductor put up a job to have tlie ticket agent away ou a night when a whole opera troupe went out on his train, and from the cash re ceipts of this ono operation, skillfully spread over three months' reports, ac tually turned in more money than any other conductor, and kept more for him self. Another case, showing how a shrowd man can circumvent any of the methods introduced by the railroads for their protection, was that of a conductor run ning out of St. Louis, who had a little dialogue with another. The latter said he wasn't making anything since the road had commenced using round-trip tickets, while the former said he was making more than ever. How was that? "Why," said he, "I watch out for men at the stations who have round trip tickets, and after they get on the train I don't notice 'em. When they come back I collect their tickets, and the next time they go they think I shall skip 'em again. So they don't buy any ticket, and that's the timo I strike 'em for cash 1" Josie Mansfield's Mansion, Says the New York Express : A large brown stone mansion on the north side of Twenty-third street, between Eighth and Ninth avenues, for many years was tho noted residence ot Josie Mansfield. It was in this dwelling that many of the prominent members of the old Tammany and Erie railway rings met aud enjoyed tho gorgeous generosity of Col. Fisk and the society of Miss Mansfield, for she could charm when she pleased, be ing well educated and thoroughly in formed upon general topics, aud her conversational faculties perfectly culti vated. She was at that timo the beau tiful houri of that peculiar paradise, and reigned supreme. Here, especially on New Year's day, sho held high and festive court, surrounded by every ap pointment that wealth could contribute and tuste suggest. Her personal ap pearance was perfectly gorgeous, and tho dimly lighted rooms fairly in toxicated the senses with tho perfume of the bewildering profusion of the choicest natural flowers that the liberal purse of her patron had furnished. Her court upon these occasions was attended by eminent judges, prominent lawyers and doctors, politicians, authors, actors, brokers, railroad kings, sporting gentle men, officeholders, office seekers, and Bohemians, all vieing with each othtr in paying homage to tho power and beauty ot tins Uyprian queen. Tho last New Year's day that she held her court seemed to excel in brilliancy and tho distingue throng that crowded her salons any that hid preceded it, and she fairly outshone herself. Among the gayest of the gay two persons in particu lar were noticeable, and as they quaffed the sparkling wine and drank to her health aud beauty, they pledged also to" each other eternal friendship. Alas I how soon was one to realize that "a thing of beauty is not a joy forever," and the other to taste the paugs of a bit tor death 1 But so it proved. Toward tho close of that New Year's night the two stood together and chatted merrily. When the next New Year's day arrived, what a transformation scene had taken place ! One of those three porsons was sleeping the fleep of death away off in a narrow cell in a country churchyard ; the other iu a narrow ceil o' a walled prison, with no sleep bnt the fevered sleep of an over excited brain, and in a condition worse than death could bring ; and she perhaps beauti ful yet now wretched, and if not a sleepless outcast, certainly with no home a wanderer in a strange land and among strange faces. Since then that house has changed bauds several times, and th it New Year's night was the last that revelry held her court there. Col. Fisk, from the first to the last, expended $47,000 for and upon it, and a short timo ago it was sol I for $30,000, and is now the property of Mme. DaVivo. It is a superb maudou, and its decrease in valuation is caused, not by reason of its former associations, but by the present immense depreciation in real estate. GREAT RIYER8 CROSSED. Th uapealon Bridges, the niackwell's land Bridie, and the TunnelBride Incident. The New York Sun says : The two days' adventures on the wires that have been thrown over the East river recall to the engineers some of the dangers in making other bridges. Engineer Far rington, who helped build the Niagara bridge, says that while there were three cables reaching across the river, hang ing loose, one Sunday a workman named Bennett, while under the influence of liquor, walked across from tower to tower upon one of these cables, holding another cable by his hands. A high wind blew, and as the man nearod the middle the cables swayed fearfully, and those on shore expected to see him fall. The cable upon which he was walking saggod considerably at the middle of the span, so that he could hardly reach the one above, his hold of which his life de pended upon. The cables swayed in opposite directions, so that the man was often thrown from his balance. Then he held on by feet and hands, stretched from one cable to another in almost a horizontal position. But he clung to the cables, and by little less than a mira cle got safely to the opposite shore. While the Cincinnati bridge was in process of construction, in the Presi dency of Andrew Johnson, tho Presi dent, cabinet, and army officers took an excursion up the Ohio. Chief Engineer Roebling conceived a plan cf saluting the party. He sent a workman named Carroll to the middle of the span npon a boatswain's chair, with an American flag and a bottle of wine. When the steamer was directly beneath, Carroll was to wave his flag and driuk tho health of the President and his companions. Car roll reached the desired point safely with flag aud bottle, aud, as the steamer approached, filled a glass that he hod taken along in order to do the thing in a proper mauner. But the glass, the bottle, and tho flag were more than he could manage, aud tho bottle slipped from his grasp, aud falling, struck the deck of the steamer within a few feet of where the party stood. Tho proposed Hudson river bridge at Anthony's Nose, above Pcekskiil, is t j be 1,665 feet between towers, and is to bo 155 feet above the river surface. It is to be suspended by twenty cables, made of 70,302 miles of Eteol wire, and will be strong enough to uphold 24,000 tons. The towers are to be wrought iron, with granite foundation piers ; the cables and backstays of the best steel, in links and pins, not wires. The rest of the work is to be of wrought iron of tho best quality. The auchorage and foundations are iu solid rock. The bridge will not encroach upon the water way of the river at all, and cannot for a moment interfere with navigation. Work is soon to be begun on it. Tho Blackwell's island bridge is to be fifty feet wide, and the structure, with its approaches, will extend from Third avenue to a corresponding distance on the other side of the river. The road way will bo continued across Black well's island at a height of about 140 feet above the present level. The height of the stone piers above high water to the level is to be 135 feet, aud tlie height of tlie towers above the piers will be about 150 feet. The span of the east channel is to be 600 feet, and that of the west channel will be 670 feet. On the Astoria sido the approach will be carried along tho center of au avenue 150 feet wide. ' The Hudson river tunnel and its ap proaches, to bo built by a company with $10,000,000 capital, from Jersey City to New York, is to bo 12,000 feet loug. The greatest depth of water uudtr which tho tunnel is to be bored is a little over sixty feet. The borings show that tho soil through which tho tunnel will pass is favorable for tunnel construction. The tunnel walls wid be constructed of hard brick and cement, three feet i:i thickness, circular in form, twenty-six feet in width, aud twenty-four feet in height, with a double track railroad. The Brooklyn bridge is to have the longest single span of any bridge-in the world. The span between the river abutments is 1,600 feet. In " Murray's Hand Book of France," a bridge is no ticed crossing the Dordogne at Cubsao, on the road between Tours and Bordeaux, having a single span between abut ments of 1,640 feet. In other respects, however, the French bridge bears, no comparison with the American. Cableiug Across the Atlantic. How long does it take to transmit a message through the Atlantio cable ? The New York Journal of Commerce has been investigating this question, and, simple as it looks at first sight, there are many singular aud interesting points in the answer, t When tho elec tricity is applied to the cable at ono end, two-tenths ef a second pass before any effect is felt at the other end, and three seconds are consumed before the full forco of the current is in action. The first signal is felt 'in four-tenths of a second, but the following ones go through more rapidly. As many as seventeen words have been sent over the Atlantio cable in one minute; fifteen can usually be sent under pressure, and twelve words a minute is a good work ing rate. Messages of twelve words have been sent all the way from New York to London in two minutes. A fact not yet explained by the scientists is that the electricity does not move as rapidly from New York to London as in the opposite direction. Spurious Wines. The wines whioh are offered in the American hotels, marked as Chateau Margaux, Chateau Lafntte, and so on, are chiefly spurious mixtures made in Cette. Indeed, the United States is said to be the largest purohaser of these adulterated wines. They are manufactured very skillfully, and it re quires a trained palate to detect them; their effects, however, soon betray them in headache, dullness, and disordered stomach. I citations are made of cele brated brands according to order, and when the guest is invited to drink a Chambertin or a Laffitte at one of our hotel tables, he generally swallows a nemicai preparation. " Girls, Don't lo It. "Don't do what" our fair readers will ask. There are a great many things yon ought to do, and a still greater num ber that you had better not do. Fore most and prominent among the latter is to reform a drunkard by marrying him. Depend npon it, if yon cannot keep him sober during those days of the average woman's strongest influence over wayward men, the season of court ship, the chanoes will be against sup cess. Some women have succeeded in this labor of love, but there aro 10,000 failures to one success. It is a field of missionary labor that few of the sex are fitted to enter. If John gets drunk onoe a month while he is billing apd cooing, depend upon it he will require semi-monthly seasons of Bacchanalian recreation when he becomes a Benedict. A man who gets drunk is necessarily a bud or foolish man when he is nnder the influenoe of liquor, and is very apt to soon become a bad man whether drunk or sober. The romantio idea, that a woman who .can reform a drunk ard is deserving of a crown of glory, is all the veriest bosh. They would be shocked by tho suggestion that a man who marries a fallen woman and re stores her to a life of virtue would be deserving the praise of all mankind. The latter would bo a much ender task than the former, and more likely to succeed. Tho debasement in one case is generally incurable, and scorns the influence of kindness or affection, while in the other the opportunity to escape from a life of degradation would in most cases insure hearty co-operation with the missionary in such a field. But the drunkard, as is generally the case, may be addioted to a numbor of other vices, each one of which ought to be considered as repulsive as that of drink ing. Still, the experiment is tried by new votaries, who think they can succeed where others failed. It is a terrible de lusion. Love and devotion are power less on a drunkard. Nothing but an iron will and a firmness that few women possess can check tho career of a man who has once taken hold of strong driuk. He must become subject to her will, and be restrained from his evil courses by a power stronger than love or kindness. There are enough men who become drunkards after marriage for all reasonable purposes cf experi ment, without taking them f;Jiy trained iu a career of vico and debauchery. Therefore, we say: "Girls, don't do it!" An Old Soldier. General Chanzy, governor of Algeria, has spent nearly all his life there. Once (his rank tnen was captain) ho was blockaded in a block house by a swarm of Kabyles; his communications were cut; the garrison first was put on naif, then on quarter rations, but still tlie stores went down. Puzzling his brain how to supply the commissariat, Chanzy walked up and down, tapping his saber against a superb pair of boots he had ju-t bought before leaving Algiers, At tue same time no heard a trooper whist ling the familiar air : "Ah! il a des bottes, Bastienl" "Thunder!" said Chanzy,-"but that creature has given me an idea. JUy children, he added aloud to the men, " when all gives out wo will feed ou my boots. They will last two days." Happily next clay ro-eu- forcemonts and a pupply train arrived, and the famous boots were spared, but the general has kept them ever since, It was Chanzy also who was returning from a raid aud overheard his men growling over a forced march. " It's woll enough for him," they said; "ho goes on horseback and can stand forced marches." A little while afterward the general halted tho column. " Now, boys," ho said, " you shall have a square ratal. Turn loose a dozen sheep, there I Whoever captures one keeps it." In a trice tho sheep were scouring over the desert, but the men, breaking ranks, were after them, and, after a lively chase brought them back in triumph Chanzy was waiting for them. ' There ! ' he said; "since you can run so fast to nil your bellies, you cau last this march out. And he tacked five miles to it. A Sew Confidence Game, Confidence men are always inventing some new scheme to swindle the nuwary grauger. Every day at the second clflss hotels, where grangers and urovers make their headquarters, the clerk is ap proached to to show some unfortunate the way to tho police station to recover his lost wallet. The latest devico is for one of these sharpers to get himself up to look as much like a granger as possi ble, and then stand around the hotel uutil he can make the acquaintance of his victim. After doing so he invites the victim to take a walk, and tells him that there are so many sharpers about that he had better leave his pocketbook with the clerk of the hotel. The sharper takes out his pookttbook, shows a largo amount of bills and the victim hands him his. He ties a string around them both, takes them to the desk and re ceives a check for them. They stroll off together, and finally the thief leaves the grauger standing in some saloon, while Lo goes out to see a friend. Tne gran ger waits, and while he is looking for the return of his friend, the thief presents his check and gets both of the pocket books. This trick has been played a number of times of late in Chicago. What He Would Do. An immigrant was arguing strongly iu favor of an equal division of property in the blessed land of his adoption. "Well, suppose such a division were to take place, said his opponent, "how much do you think would fall to your share ?" "Why, I don't know exactly," re plied 'league, "bnt I should suppose something like two thousand dollars, more or less." " Well, what would yon do with your portion when you got it I" asked the other. " Why, I'm the man as would spend it, would I not t" "And when that was gone, what would you do next ! demanded the other. "What would I do next!" returned the equalizing philosopher. " Why, what should I do, my jewel, but be after having another division I" I Will Scream. "I'll scream if you touoh me 1" Exolaimed a pert miss Whose lo?er was Boeking An lnnooent kiee. By this prudiBh conduct Cold water was thrown The lover drew backward And let lier alone! " I'll eoream if you touoh me She hollered once worn. He oried : "I'm not near yon'. And found it a bore. Bhe quickly subsided, Grow tender to view, And whispered quite Boftly : " I'll scream till you do 1" Kerns of Interest. Tho constitutions of twenty-eight of the States recognize the existence of God. The sublimity of moral heroism is voluntarily to pick out the poorest ear of oorn iu the diiih. We knew a man once who objected to sleeping on a straw bed, because, he said, it was beneath him. "Pa." said a little fellow to his un shaven father, " your chin looks like tho wheel in the music box. Georgia has forty cotton mills in suc cessful operation, running full time, and paying handsome dividends. Caasar conquered the world, but he could not hit a fly on his nose three times in five, any more than the rest 01 us. From a euido book : The coachmen of Paris are very kind to their horses, especially when engaged by the hour. Solf-resnect is tho crown of humanity, which, helii too tightly, trembles on the head, and, falling, leaves the king a beggar. There is said to be something con soling lor every ill in this life. For in stance, if a mau is bald headed, his wife can't pull his hair. A Brize of $500 is offered by the Geor gia State Agricultural Society for a pre ventive or cure of hog cholera; and an other of $200 for chicken cholera. A nhvsician advertises in the news papers that ho has no power over his appetite for alcohol, and that he will prosecute anybody who Eclls him any. Mr. Lonefellow has been chosen poet, and ex-Gov, Seymour orator, for the centennial celebration ot tne surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga, on October 18, 1877. A Capo May correspondent thinks the diminished proportions of the ladies' waists nowadays confirm the story of Adam that it took only one of his ribs to make a whole woman. It is said that before the Prince of Wales started, for India he was placed in a conservatory heated to au Indian heat to test his powers of endurance. Ho fainted at the first trial. Loudon is now supplied with " Mar seilles butter." It is produced at a large stearino candle factory at Mar seilles, equals in appearance the finest Epping or Dorset, and keeps well. One of the boys tells of a scarecrow mado by Uncle Ben. It not only scared off every crow that saw it, but one crow was so frightened that ho brought back tho corn he had stolen three days be fore. A bill passed by tho Texas Legisla ture, authorizing sheriffs to shoot any person against whom any offense is al leged, if he should fail to halt or sur render when called upon, was vetoed by Gov. Coke. A book agent was recently shot in Texas, whereupon the Worcester iVess heartlessly and malignantly remarks that " there is a universal demand all over the country for moro book agents in Texas." If the grapevine has suffered in some regions of France, and particularly in the south, the damage caused by the cold is now ascertained to be iot so con siderable as had been at first supposed. The quantity, perhaps, is not all that could be desired, but the quality promises to be excellent. In a certain school, during the parsing lesson, the word "waif " occurred in the sentence. The youngest who was up, a bright eyed little lellow, puzzled over the word for a few moments, and then a bright idea struck him. "I can parse it positive waif ; comparative wafer; superlative, sealing wax." Jn consequence of the continuanoo of the drought iu China, the imperial au thorities prayed fifteen times with great ceremony for rain. As rain did not come, an edict wasissued forbidding the slaughter of animals for. three days, it being supposed that the harmony be tween heaven and earth would thereby bo re established. Washing Dresses. There is no doubt, tays a Saratoga correspondent, as to the desirability of wearing washing dresses in summer, and it is a matter of surpiise to good people who live in their own homes and have their own laundresses, and can put in as many fluted dresses and skirts in tho wash as they please, that the fashionable w.imen who live in hotels and go to the watering places avoid them, and stick to silk and woolen tissues, when these useful fabrics stick to them. But tho reason is found in the length of the bills. A cotton or linen drei s does not cost so nfuch in the first place, but it is a bill of expense right straight through. A little friend of mine cried when her bill for washing three dresses came home the other day; it was $19.75. She had thought herself au Jait in theso things. She had considered she was making ample allowance in appropriating $3 as the expense for the most elaborate, and $2 each for the others-, and had strug gled with her desire to have her drestes nicely " done up " and her prudence for a long time before finally taking the step, and she could hardly forgive her self for not discovering exactly what the cost would be before venturing. " It is the last time I will ever have a washing drees as long as I live, she said. Ytt these were nothing compared with the cost of "doing up" the dresses which are masses of delicately plaited rufllep, puffing and lace. II