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; I ) -!- HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. . NIL DESPEHANDUM. Two Dollars per Annum. .7 i A - '. tin y. Sir fft . VOL. VI. Grandmother Gray. Faded and fair, In her old armchair, Sunset gilding her thin white hair, Silently knitting sits Grandmother Oray While I on my elbows beeide ber lean, And U 11 wtnit wonderful tilings I moan To have, and to do. if I can. tome day ( Ton can talk eo to Grandmother Gray She doesn't langh nor tend yon away. I iee, as I look from the window seat, A house there yonder, across the street, With a fine Freneh roof and a frescoed hall, The doep bay window are full of flowers ( j.ney ve a clock of bronze that ehimes the hours, And a fountain I hear it tinkle and fall When the doors are open : " I mean," I eay. To live in a house like that some day." r Money will buy it," says Grandmother Gray, here's a low baroncho, all green and gold. And a pair of horses aa black as jet, I've seen drive by and before I'm old A turnout like that I hope to get. How they prance and shine in their harness Byt What f nn 'twould be if they ran away I" "Money will buy them," says Grandmother Gray. " To-morrow, I know, a great ship sails Out of port, and across the sea ; Oh ! to feel in my face the ocean gales And the salt waves dancing under me! In the old, far lands of legend and lay I long to roam and I shall, some day." ' Money will do it," says Grandmother Gray. "And when, like me, you are old," says she; " And getting and going are done with, dear, What then, do you think, will the one thing be You will winh and need, to content you here ?" " Oh, when in my chair I have to stay, Love, you see, will content me," 1 say. " That, money won't buy," says Grandmother Gray. "And, sure eronga, if there's nothing worth AH your care, when the years are past, But love in heaven, and love on earth, Why not begin where you'll end at last ? Begin to ly up treasure to-day, Treasure that nothing ran take away, B!esn the Lord 1" says Giandmotber Gray. A BLIGHT IN SUMMER. I was not the regular doctor, for the practice at Burnley belonged to Fred, uirnot, an oi.i hospital friend of mine, who had taken to a simple countrv prac tice, while I had been roaming about the world as a surgeon in immigrant snips, mm during tlie x ranoo-Oerman wr. We had met after seven years, whan I wanted a month's quiet in the country, aud no Had ricked me to attend to his practice, while he came np to . towe to pass a degree, for he was a hard studying, ambitious fellow. A man at the door desired me to come over and see his master, who was dyiDg of front. This was the announcement by the servant. Saving that I had been consulted about a "terublo wbemtiu pain " in the back of an old lady of sevemy-nve, mis was my nrst call. " Th re's Miss Kate a-watching for us." I could R69 the flutter of a white dreBB by the gate as we drove on, but my at tention was too much taken up bv the prettiness of the place, and I was gaping ii u j ii'iuui, tuiuKiug notning oi "Miss Kate " and her cares, when the gig Biuppecs, ana x jumpea aown. " Here he is, uncle dear," she cried " Time he was here," exclaimed some one, with a savage roar. After givirg various little orders placed the tender leg in an easy posi tion, tho patient breaking out into furious exclamations the trhilo. Then, by means of some hoops from a small wooden tub, I made a small gypsy tent over me nmo eo that tne coverings did not touch, tne exquisitely tender skin. and at the end of half an hour hal the pleasure of hearing a sigh of satisfac tion, of seeing a smile steal over the face, which was now smooth and bedewed with a gentle perspiration, and directly after, in a drowsy voice, my patient said : Kitty, my darling, he's a trump. lane mm into tne next room ana aoolo gize to hira, and tell him I'm not always bucd. a Deast. He was half asleep already, while I even in that short hour I bad fallen into a dream, a dream of love ; I who . had never loved before, nor thought of it, dm as sickly boy and girl stuff, un worthy oi Dusy men. I cannot tell yon how that day passed. only that Kato Austey had implored me not to leave her uncle yet : and III was her slave, and would have done her bidding even to the death. lie was soon better, but my visits to the larm were more frequent tuan ever. I went one day as usual, but instead of Kate being at the window and running out to meet me, the old gentleman stood at the door, looking very angry, and he at once caught hold of my coat and dragged me into the kitchen. " Is anything wrong ?" I said, trem bling. " Yes, lots," said tho old man. "What do yon come here for ?" "For mercy's sake, don't keep it back I" 1 said, for the room seemed to swim round me. "Is Kate ill?" " Yes I think she is," he said, gruffly. " But, look here, young man, what does this mean ?" " Mean I" I said. " Oh, Mr. Brand, if she is '11 let me see her at onoe 1" " She don't look very bad," he said, peering through the crack of the door into the parlor, where I could see her white dress ; " but I Bay, young man, j ou'd better not come, any more. She's growing dull, and I can't have my dar ling made a fool of." " Made a fool of I" I stammered. "Yes," he said, gruffly; "what do you come here for?" I was silent for a minute, with a won drous feeling stealing over me, as at last my lips said I did not prompt them " because I love her with all my heart." "And you have told her sot" "Not a word, I said, slowly. My band was being crushed as in a vise the next minute. " I'm not a gentleman, doctor, but I know ono when I meet one. There, you may go and talk to her, if it's as you say j for if it's true you wouldn't make her unhappy ; but, my lad, the man who trifled with that girl's heart would be the greatest scoundrel that ever ("tapped on God's earth." The whole of this part of my life is so dreamy that it is all like some golden vision. But I was at her chair, 1 know, and that glorious evening I was content to watch the soft, dreamy face beside me as she eat there with hands folded in her lap, watching the Bunset. At last we rose and walked together through the wood to stop at last beneath an overshadowing tree, and there in low, broken words I told her I loved her, and in her sweet girlish simplicity she laid her hands upon my shoulders, looked up. in my face, and promised to be my little wife. I went home that night riding in a wonderful triumphal chariot instead of a gig, and, to my great surprise, on reaching tho house there was Fred. Garnet. " Back alreudy f " I stammered. "Already? Why, the month's up," he said, laughing. "You must have had good sport wih your fishing, Mas ter Max." 6 It came upon me like thupder, this return, and I lay that night awake happy, but miserable, for this meant tlie end of my visit, and what was to conio in the future ? I had not thought I put it off for tho time, and havinc obtained willing permission from Gar net, i went ins rounds the next morn ing, and of course found my way to the num. I fancy the servant looked at me in rather a peculiar, constrained way as she said that her master had gone to the on-naud larm. " And Miss Kate ?" I said. " She's down in tHe wood, sir." said the girl. I waited to hear no more, but ran along the garden, leaped the gate, and crossing two fields, went through the wimerness, ana over- tne stile into the wood. " My darling I" I kept reneatinir. as I Lurried on, expecting to meet her at every turn, and then I stopped short, with a horrible pang seeming to catch my heart, I was dizzy, faint, raging with anger, and mad in turn; but that all pasted t ff to leave a bitter, crushing ense of m s y, as I held on by a young sapling and peered at the scene before me. There stood, with her back to me, Kte false, false Kate with the arm of a tall, bandiome, military looking nian encircling her uist, her head rest ing on his shoulder, and even as I gazed, he bent his head down and 6he raised her arms her face her lips to meet Lin kisses, as he folded her tightly to his I saw no more, but stole blindlyaway, went to tho stable, saddled and bridli d the horse in a dreamy fashion, mounted and rode back to Burnley, threw the bridle to tho man, walked straight to the station without seeing Fred. Gar net, and went off to London. Six months glided by, an t then I was once more called npon to take charge of .1 , .. i : .. t i .i , i piuuiicu ui u lrieuti m ilia suuuros. It was one dark night in winter that was just going to bed, half wishing that I isai had a call for I knew that 1 should only lio and toss about Rleep loss when the surgery bell rung sharp ly, and tho summons that I had wished tor came. It was a policeman with a hansom cab, and his oilskins shone wet and viv idly in the red light of tho lamp oyer cue aoor. "Axiden' case, sir," he said. " Dr. Barker in the next street's got in, and, sir, and he wants help." I learned from him that a gentleman bad been knocked down bv the very same cab we were in, and trampled upon by the horses before tho wheel went over and broke his leg. We were there in a few minutes, and i was wiown into tne oacK parlor of a comfortably furnished house, whore the sufferer hal been laid upon a mattress. A brief conversation with my col league ensued, and he told me what ho feared and how ho was situated, another important call demanding his presence. Tho result was that I agreed that we would examine the patient, and then I would stay till Dr. Barker's return. A taint groan from the mattress sa luted us aa we turned to our patieut. acd as I held the lamp over his face, and tuo light idll upon the fair hair and long drooping mustache. I nearly dropped it. " Nemesis 1" I thought. Mine enemv delivered into my hand. Kate's lover lying bruised and broken crushed like a reed at my feet. And now I need not kill mm to be revenge j for all his cruelty to me, but stand by supine, and he would die. For a few brief moments told me that I possessed greater knowledge than my colleagues, and that if I withheld mine, nothing which Dr. Barker could do would save the flume evennow trembling in the socket of Ufa's lamp. I lie scene in the wood noshed before me ouce again as I stood there Kate a sweet face upturned asking for this man's kisses, and all so vivid that my brain reeled and a mist floated before my eyes. "What do you think. Mr. Lawler f" said a voice at my elbow, and I started pack into tne present. lhat hell be post saving in an hour," I paid, quietly. I fear bo." said Dr. Barker, shruz- ging his shoulders. " Unless " Here I unfolded my plans, as I said bitterly to myself : "And heap coals of fire upon his head. Kate, take your lover, and God forgive you." "Excellent," exclaimed Dr. Barker, who was a frank, gentlemanly fellow, without professional jealousies; and in an hoar's time we had done all that was necessary, our patient was breathing easily; Dr. Barker was shaking my hand. ties saved, Mr. Lawler. You've saved his life. Now I'll be off and get baok in au hour's time. You've given me the greatest lesson in-surgery I ever had in my life." And then 1 was alone, thinking bitter ly of what I had done, " Kate Kate darling I" Those words feebly ottered brought RIDGWAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER me to myself, and I was the cold, hard man once more as 1 roso, and taking the lamp, bunt down over my patient, whose eyes now opened and lie stared at me. "Where's Kate!" he asked; "and where what He stopped short, " Hush I" I said, coldly; "you have had au accident, "Accident? Oh, yes, I remember. was going to catch the night train for Burnley, wben that confonnded cab" " lou must not talk," I said, fighting hard to contain myself. " You are seriously hurt. That lost was not professional, but there was grim pleasure in giving him some pain. " That's bad, doctor," he whispered ior a was going down to see my J i: .1 t .. uaruiig sue s very in. " 111 I" I exclaimed, starting. " Yes," he said, speaking with pain, and I could not stop him now. " Con sumption, they say, broken heart .think. Some scoundrel" -1 almost dropped the lamp as I caught is hand and gripped it, and said ia a hoarse, choking voice, for I was b truer i: j. . i e i i , - i , liug HI BOO uie IUU iigut : " What do you wish me to do " xeiegrapn, at my expense, to my uroiuer-in-iaw. lake it down, or you II forget. From Christopher Austey to John Brand, Greenmead, Burnley. Say Kate is not to fidget. You know best. ' " les, yes, I stammered, my hands trembling as I took out a pencil and pre- renuea to write, miss iuite, men 1 faltered, " is " My darliug child I" sobbed the poor fellow. find Rlm'a I" He was too weak, too faint to heed me, and with a bitter groan I turned away stunned mad aloiost at my fo ly, For I saw it all now, poor, weak, pitiful, jealous fool that I was. I had seen the girl thnt I worshiped, petted and car essed by her own father, ad, without seeking or asking an explanation, I had rushed away, leaving her to think me a sooundrel nay, worse. When I turned once more to tho mat tress my patient had fallen asleep, and I . 1 . I AT 1 4 oiouu rarru uiiUHing. T t , -r . - n a iew minutes i. nad mado my pians ; men, watcu in nand, 1 impa- iientiy waneu ior vr. jaaruer s return. He w.w back to his time, aud iu a few words l nad made my arrangements. uoetor, i said, "you said you were in my debt for this night's work." " My dear Bir. I'll write von a check for twenty guineas, with pleasure," he repnea. " i-ay me in mis way." l said: "Rea that these patients whose names I have written on this slip of paper are attend ed to well for tho next two days, and tell our friend here that his message has neeu soen to. He promised eagerly, and the next minute I v. as in the street, running to me nearest caD stand. I .was just iu time to catch the early morning train, and half mad, half joy ous, I sat impatiently there till tho train dropped me at Burnley, where the fly slowly jolted me over to the Four-Mile larm. It was a bright, clear morning, and the sun glanced from the river upon the trees, but I could think of only one thing as I kept urging the driver on and he must have thought me mad as leaped out and rushed into tho well kuown parlor. "Kate!" I cried, as half blind I ran toward a pale face lying back in an easy ciiair ty tne nre. "You scoundrel I" was roared at the Kame moment, and the sturdy farmer had me pinned by the throat. "Yes, all that," I said; "only hear me. iiis nanus uroppea as nate ottered a low cry and fainted. "Quick!" I said, "water and some brandy." With a low growl of rage my old pa tient for gout obeyed me, and in a few minutes her head rested on my arm. " Have you come to say good-bye ?" she said, feebly; aud there was such a look of reproach iu that poor worn face, that I only answered in a whisper: "No, no to aBk you to give and bless me with your love; to ask you to forgive me for my cruel weakness, for I must have been mad." A deep groan made me turn my head to see that tho farmer's head was down upon his arms, and his broad shoulders were heaving. l ruougnr. you would never come again," said Kate, feebly; " but I never gave up hope." A Troblem Solved, A corespondent writes to the Phila delphia Bulletin thus : A recent number of a scieutifio journal, speaking of a re lative proportion of the sexes in the human race, declares that for every 150 men that como into the world 100 72-100 women are boru. I do not dispute theso figures. I only ask for light. It oppoare, aooording to this, that there are some women who are only 72-100 port of a woman. What the remaining 28100 are I cannot lmagke. Now what I know is tbi-j If a woman of this kind marries a 100 man, and has a daughter, will the daughter be an 84 100 woman or a 96-100 woman ? And what will be the exact relationship between such a daugh ter and a 76-100 aunt and her 87-100 daughters, especially if the 87-100 girls marry the brothers of the 96-100 girl and so become not only her 98-100 first cousins, but her 95 100 sisters-in-law. the aforesaid 76100 aunt becoming also the 89-100 mother-in-law of her 88-100 nephews, will the the . Let me see ; where am I ? It is an awful subject to tackle. Oh, yes 1 I say if the 76-100 aunt . But, no. The question can't be solved ia any suoh way as this. I give it up. The only way to get at it will be to do the sum in algebra, some how, making the daughter x. the aunt v. the first cousin a, and the mother-in-law Then, it eeems to me, if you multi ply the aunt by the daughter and divide the first cousin by the mother-in-law, in some way or other, or extract the square root of the cousins and subtract the result from the aunt, keeping the daugh ter as a common denominator, and at the same time making a decimal fraction of the mother-in-law, perhaps the result mignt do satisfactory. Hut I am not certain. I am poor at mathematics. I wish the lightning calculator would get at this, or that Prof. TyndaU would sub ject it to chemical analysis. Another Dynamite Plot Passengers on a New York express train that started from Philadelphia at 8:10 had a narrow escape. Among the artioles of baggage checked for New York was a Saratoga trunk. It was placed in the upper tier of trunks in the baggage car. When the train, which was a heavy one, carrying Centennial f assengers, had passed Metuohen, about wenty'-six miles from Jersey City, the baggage master heard a terriflo explo sion. It hurled the trunks around, and threw the men in the car on the floor. Flames burst from the pile of baggage, settiDg fire to tho baggage and car al most instantaneously. The fire was spreading rapidly, and the train was stopped to extinguish the Are. The remains of the trunk that had caused the damage were collected. The trunk was made of thin wood. The parts of an intricate little machine were found among the broken boards. A small pistol, attached by wire to the brass works of a clock, was so arranged that when the hands reached the flgnre twelve on the dial the pistol was dis charged. The charge was fired into some very inflammable substance, either dynamite or pyroxohno, that was en tirely consumed, and spread rapidly, The damage will not exceed $500, but it must havo been much more but for tho fortunate placing of the trunk at the top of the car. The infernal machine was so shattered that its exact nature' raunot be defined. It was collected and taken to the Jersey City depot, where tho train master took charge of it, pending investigation that the railroad officials are to make. i .. j John Silpath. the baggage master. says he thinks it proboble that the trunk was either designed for the destruction of tho railroad depot, or to destroy the train. Conductor Stockton said that he did not hoar the explosion, and did not know why the tram stopped until the brakemau told him that the baggage car was on fire. He thought it was intended to do some damage in New York, as it was more probable that it was mado for a specifio purpose than to kill passen gers or employees on a train. He thought it had probably been delayed. The Quakers Diminishing. The London Catholic Re.ainte.r kv We are sorry to see that our old friends. the Quakers, are sadly diminishing in numbers. It is said that there are only 20.000 in England, the fourth part of the number which flourished in this country in the days of George Fox, their founder. It seems that so soon as the gentlemen abandoned the wide sweep of their hats and the ladios the gaunt se verity of their bonnets the popularity of the sect gradually diminished, for thero was little left of appeal to mere vanity. These, good people, amiable -l jtjit. have deserved u niche in the teinpii. ..J heresies ; for beyond calling you " Friend," and somewhat antiiinatiiig the Queen's English, there was really nothing that could be hazarded against them. They were ritualists in dress and ia speech, but certainly not so in doc trine ; and perhaps they were the only sect ia which the laymen and the lay women wore a quusi-ecclesiastical garb. It is an amusing and instructive little fact that the object of their founder was to originate a sect which was to be com pletely without ceremonies aud forms ; and yet that sect has stood out from all others iu the one peculiarity of dress. It is further curious that their religious fanaticism took the form of extraordinary gentleness ; so that the very expression of the countenance of a Qaaker was soothing as a still, shallow stream. They canonized calm. Many of .their men had olaims to intellect, such as Penn, isarclay and Naylor, and some of their women preached well, both in this coun try and America. - However, the scot is dried np, and, with the hats and the bonnets and the aprons, their peculiar ities of creed have vanished. Do Rats lteasou ? The Boston Courier says : A lady liv- iug in this city relates that the house occupied by herself and family became so infested with rats that, in the failure of all means, they were obliged to resort to poison to exterminate them. Phosphorous paste was used, spread thickly over meat, which was tben placed where the rats could readily get at it. Pursuing this course for a long time, they were surprised to find that, while the meat regularly disappeared, tho rats remained, their number apparently in creasing instead of diminishing. One day a man in charge of an adjoining stable asked who was trying to poison rats, and, being told, replied ': " ihe rats are too smart for you. Ho led the lady to the alley alone side the house, where there was a hydrant. the nozzle of which being broken off, lert tne water constantly running. Under the hydrant they saw several pieces of meat, some partly covered, and the others entirely destitute of any traces of the phosphorous paste. Alter watching some time, the lady actually saw the rats not only eat tho washed meat, but carry the coaled Eieces carefully in their mouths from er back door round into the alley, and deposit them under the running stream of the hydrant. Our correspondent says the rats may not have known the charac ter of the coating on their meat, but their course argues a knowledge of the properties of water, and a power of adapting means to ends, akin to reason. A Denial. Celia Logan denies that New York women are maoh given to opium, but asserts that arsenio eating, for improve ment oi complexion, is a common prac tice. She says: "A few years ago cos metics containing bismuth were in general use, but were found to yellow the skin until it became tawny and created sores and pimples. The family doctor prescribed arsenical blood puri fiers. The patient was told to stop using these when the eyelids became puffy and she felt bloated; but it was pleasant to taste, it rounded out the form and beaatined the complexion. Therefore the doses were inoreased in stead of diminished; and so prevalent now is arsenio eating that any one able to recognise tne look it gives can pick oat its viotims." Captain Kidd. the Fit ate. Lord Maoaulay's sketch of Captain Kidd is so well known that he may be dismissed in afew lines as a by no means brilliant or successful brigand, although. in posthntnous renown, second to none of the craft. Ferhaps his advantage over others in this respect is due to his having been hanged instead of killed in aonon, or cast away in remote tropi cal seas. Kidd was an old privateer in the West Indies, and, being known as a brave seaman, was recommended by Lord Bellamont, then governor of Bar badoes, and several other persons, to the home government as one admirably fitted to command a king's ship cruising against pirates, on account of his knowl edge of those seas and practice in war fare. The project met with no favor in England, and would have fallen through altogether had not Lord Bellamont and his friends fitted oat the Adventure gal ley at their own private charge, Kidd was put in command, and furnished with the king's commission, charging him to hunt down pirates, all and sundry, espe cially Thomas Tow and others speoifled by name. He also held a commission of reprisals, for it was then war time, em powering him to take French merchant ships, in case he should meet any. The Adventure galley sailed from Plymouth iu Mjj, 1696, carrying thirty guns and eighty men, and, after scouring the North an 1 South Atlantio, tried the In dian ocean, picking up a French mer chantman or two; but of pirates never a one. At lost the patience of Kidd, who appears to have meant well originally, .wore out; his crew turned mutinous, and he became, according to hia defense, a pirate malgre lui. After a fairly lucky cruise, he sailed for New York, thinking his offense would be winked at, but was immediately seized, with all his books and papers, sent home for trial, and hanged with six of his associates. His career proved an exception to the rule that it is well to set a thief to catch a thief. The Lost Whalers. The New Bedford Mercury prints the following as the opiniou of one of the most experienced shipmasters of New Bedford regarding the possible fate of the abandoned ships and men : I have read the reports (as far as published) very carefully, and can see no reason for alarm at all in regard to those men that stuck by their ships. The ships were abandoned only twenty miles from the land, and were drifting slowly with the pack ice to the southeast, nearing the land every day. The heavy gales of September always blow from the north east to east northeast, and that is blow ing on the land from four to six points of the oompass. There is no doubt in my mind that tho shins, or most, nf them, will succeed in cettinc int Umith'B bay. which is only forty or fifty the fchores are lined with drift wood, and seal, white bears, deer, and abundance of sea fowl -are to be found. There, I think, whales will be plenty up to about the first of October. The natives are kind and hospitable, and will help the men all they can. There is abundance of provisions on board of the abandoned ships to last those men twelve months or more. The only fear that I have for those men is that they will eat their usual food of bread, flour, salt provi sions, etc., and bring on the scurvy. Thoy will not suffer for food, clothing. or lights and fires. Wood and water are plenty. My opinion is that part of thoso ships will be saved (if not this year, the next), for they will be in that part of the Arctic that is least disturbed by Kales and currents. No doubt some of the officers of the ships are among the fifty brave men that stopped in the Arc tic. hoping to bring their ships to port. The Mercury says, however, that there aro men of experience who differ ma terially from these views, Tlie Sugar Beet Industry. Fremy and Dehorain have conducted a series of experiments to test the rea sous of the decrease of riohness of sugar beets grown several years in succession on the same soil. They find two chief causes of the deterioration the bad selections of stock or variety, and excess of nitrogenous manures. They con clude that argillaceous, siliceous, and calcareous soils diner but little in their effects upon tho sugar iu beets. A 6terile soil, with no other manure thau phosphate of lime and nitrate of potash, was able to produco normal roots weigh ing 700-800 grams (1 1-2-1 8-4 pounds), and containing a large amount of sugar (sixteen per cent.). Exoess of nitrogen ous manures injured the formation of sugar. ; The outlook for the sugar beet indus try iu this country seems to be quite promising. It has already attained great importance in California, is re ported as successful ia Illinois, and is engaging earnest attention in Maine. The governor of the latter State devoted considerable attention to the matter in his last message to the Legislature, and a company near Portland has already be gun a thorough investigation of the probabilities of a successful sugar beet culture iu that State. A Dentist's Dinner. We have received a toothsome bill of fare designed especially for the dentists, and we hasten to publish it. Every one of the craft will find it very filling for the price: SOUP. Uumbo. FISH.. ' Make-'er-yi U "Wails. ENIBEES. The Probe, of course. , BOAST. Bear, with Grins. VEGETABLES. Boiled Roots achers of them. POULTRY. 'Pull-its." GAME. H O wis, with India Rubber Filling, a la Bowery. DES8EBT. "I Boream" (and so would any body else). WINES. " A Full At " a bottle of Tuskany, CI0AB8. Btumps. Oar correspondent adds that he thought of this fnenu while under the influence of laughing gas, and has re membered it all with the exception of something about " dumplings with mo largess." As it stands it is good enough, and can scarcely be improved. 9, 187G. Tim First Oil Works. The first flowing veil of oil ever Ktruck was on the McElhonny or Funk f irm, and was known as the Funk well. Funk was a poor man when the well was sunk. Oil was struck in Juna. 1861, and commenced flowing, to the as tonishment of all the oil borers in the neighborhood, at the rate of 250 barrels a day. Suoh a prodigious supply of grease upset all calculations, but it was confidently predicted that the flow would soon cease. It was " Oil creek humbug," and those who had no direct interest in the prosperty of the well looked day after day to see the stream stop. But like the old woman who sat down by the river side to let the water run out, that she might cross dryshod, they waited in vain. The oil continued flowing, with littlo variation, for fifteen months, and then stopped ; but not be fore Fuuk had become a rioh man. The well, however, had long before ceased to be a wonder, being quite over shadowed by newer sensations. On the Tarr farm, the Phillips well burst forth with a steady stream of 2,000 barrels daily. Not to be overdone by the terri tory down the creek, the McElhenny farm produced another marvel. The "Empire" well, close to the Funk, suddenly spouted four thousand barrels a day I The owners were bewildered. It was decidedly too much of a good thing. The trne value of petroleum had not yet been discovered, and the market for it was limited. Foreigners would have nothing to do with the greasy, combustible stuff. Our own people were divided in opinion. Soc?e thought it a dangerous thing, to be handled at arm's-length, while others set it down as a humbug, of which tho community should keep as shy as possi ble. The supply was already ia advance of the demand, and the sudden addition of four thousand barrels a day demor alized the market. The price fell to twenty cents a barrel, then to fifteen, then to ten. Coopers would sell barrels for cash only, and refused to take their pay iu oil, or in drafts on oil shipments. Finally it became impossible to obtain barrels on any terms, for all the coopers in the surrounding coantrv could not make barrels as fast as tho Empire could fill them. The owners were in despair and tried to choke off their confounded well, but it would not be choked off. Then they built a dam around it, and covered tho soil with grease bnt the oil refused to be dammed, and rushed into the stream, making Oil Creek literally worthy its name. Finally means were found for controlling the flow of the oil, huge tanks were built, and the precious fluid stored up. until barrels could be obtained in sufficient quantities to hold the daily yield of this tremendons foun tain of petroleum. The "Empire" flowed for - nearly a year, and then dropped to a pumping wn -- about one hundred barrels a day. V i "'" which was the next great flowing well, was put down ia the year 1862, It was sunk under great diffioultios. J. W. Sherman, who was the original owner, commenced next above the McElhenny, with limit ed means, his wife furnishing most of the- money. Soon it became necessary to procure an engine, and there was no money to make the purchase; two men who were iu possession of the desired article were thereupon admitted to a share for the engine. Soon after, when the drill had almost penetrated the " third sandstone," the funds were ex hausted. A sixteenth interest was offer ed for 8100, but no buyer could be found. Ultimately it was sold for $60 and an old shot guu. A horse became necessary duriug the work, aud a share was bargained for the animal. At last, when all the means that could be raised by borrowing or selling were about ex hausted, oil was struck, and flowed at the rate of 1,500 barrels a day. The flow continued at this rate for several months, when it declined to 700 bar rels. The well continued flowing for twenty-three months, and then stopped, but yielded thirty or forty barrels a day by pumping. For the first year, the proprietors made but little, owing to the low price of oil, and the difficulty of getting it to market, but during the second 5 ear the market improved and nn immense fortune was made. A Successful Humbug. A gentleman at Spa, a fashionable watering place in Belgium, writing to his sister in Paris, relates an amusing feature of the place. There is the big gest thing in the way of a traveling charlatan dentist here now (September) I ever saw. He comes into the town every day at 3 p. M. and stays two hoars on the " Place," selling his powders, etc., aud bidding for work. He extracts teeth for nothing, standing on his chariot in the open street, and does it wonderfully well, pulls them out with a click aud says he don't hurt a bit, and don't draw blood. How is that account ed for ? He comes in with a brass baud of eight men, all dressed in a splendid Chinese costume, then comes his grand car, he driving four horses, and two grandly dressed . footmen alongside. The oar or wagon is like a circus one only grander, all gold and plute gloss. His name ia " Ernaolt," and he comes from Paris. He says he made 160,000 francs last year and built a house in Paris. He is aa elderly man. Alto gether it is tho biggest humbug of the kiud ever known here. He sells a pack age lot for two francs fifty centimes (fifty oente), a box of powder, a bottle of elixir, which is a wonderful styptic, and toothache drops, and a book on the teeth and other things. If this man sold these things in a sen sible manner for twenty-five sous, his bottles and his boxes might go begging for purchasers. Below Bangor. It is related that in a certain town in the northern part of Maine the people were holding a meeting, when the pas tor remarked that if any present nad relatives or friends in distant lands, S ray era would be offered in their behalf, o sooner was the sentence complete thau a simple looking individual arose and thus addressed the pastor: " I would like you to pray for my brother. He went away . two weeks ago, and I haven't heard from him since. I don't know just where he is, bat you need not pray below Bangor." . . ; ; . . , NO. 38. Items of Interest. Not a drop of intoxicating liquor is allowed in the Nevada mines, where a nerions disaster might easily result from drunkenness. A Sacramento man, assailed with a rawhide by a woman in the street, effec tually bagged her by wrapping her head and arms in her skirts. The fishing season in Iceland was a failure this year, and the people are suffering from want. Eighteen hun dred Icelanders immigrated recently to Canada. A man twenty-seven years old has just been sent to the Massachusetts State prison who has spent all but two ?ears and three days of his life in re ormatory and charitable institutions. The freshmen classes at varions colleges stand as follows: Harvard, 246, Coruell, 180, Yale, 150, Amherst, 83, Williams, 68, Dartmouth, 60, Ober lin, 62, Trinity, 85, Hamilton, 80, Tofts, 26. A man was playing dice in a saloon in Knoxville, Cal., when the funeral pro cession of his wife came by. He went to the door, waved his hat, hurrahed, and returned to his game. That night he was almost killed by a mob. The grandmother of tho Into Gen. Mc Pherson, whose monument was unveiled at Washington by the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, was invited to be present, at the ceremonies, but died boforo the invitation reached its destina tion. She was ninety-nine years of age. The Pennsylvania Transportation Com pany has contracted for three hundred miles of four-inch pipe to carry oil from the oil regions to the seaboard. This is the most extensive order for pipe ever given in this country, and probably the greatest length of pipe ever included in a single contract. A druggist at Bradford in England was discovered the other day by his wife lying dead on his bedroom floor. The body of his son, nged four years, was found underneath the corpse. It is believed that the man, seized by an apopleotio fit, fell ou his son, who was thus suffocated. Mrs. Burnham, of Atlanta, visited the Centennial Exhibition, and there met a man who said that he was Col. Delong, of Boston, and very wealthy. On the second day of their acquaintance they were married, And on the third day the bride was looking for her husband and $1,300 which had disappeared with him. An old man who died in Maysville, Ky., had 81,200 worth of United States bonds in two mustard boxes, and buried them in a pile of scrap wood iu his shanty. The wood was sold to a rag picker for seventy-five cents, and whilo lie was gathering it together a bystand fou5dthebo5d8:,a mnatord hoxe- The German govnmment has been try ing for nearly a year to ascertain the exact number of people who inhabit the empire. The returns shows that on the first of December, 1875, the total popu lation was 42,726.344, while in 1871 it was 41,023,095. This shows an. increase in four years of 1,703,749, or about an average of one per cent, a year." A variety show performer advertises for a partner, and says " no Jonahs need apply." The phrase illustrates one of the peculiarities of the show busi ness. A man who has been unlucky for a long time is regarded with distrust, no one will engage him for fear ho will bring disaster, and he is called a Jonah, tho idea being that ho will Pink any ship that takes him aboard. Shown-.cn, gen erally, are as superstitious as gamblers. The humanitarians of London have come to the conclusion that the Italian juvenile beggar nuisanco is sustained solely by the well meaning almsgiving ot the kind hearted. In a late report of the Italian ambassador, reference is made to an Italian boy who some years ago went to England with a performing dog. Having gained a few pounds he began business as an importer of chil dren, and in a few years amassed 20, 000. Casting a Bronze Statue. A correspondent who witnessed the operation tells how bronze statues are cast. He says: The casting of a largo piece in bronze is a delicate operation, requiring care and artistio skill. The making of a plaster mold from tho origi nal model, then a plaster figure from that mold, and finally from the figure a sectional mold into which to run the metal, requires many weeks of skilled labor. . The element of luck enters largely into the culminating attempt to cast, as flaws in the metal often cause failures, imposing weeks of additional labor. Consequently the workmen em ployed were visibly auxious, and a knot of spectators employed the entire after noon in interestedly watching the pro cess. The large box, called a " flask," con taining the mold, clamped firmly with iron, was let down with a crane into a cavity, and flowed over, so that only a funnel protruded. This was close to a great brick furnace, in which the bronze was heating over a great roaring fire. Tho metal, as it was slowly converted into liquid, was closely observed by the foreman. A glimpse through an aper ture showed it boiling furiously like water, and so hot that an iron bar stuck into it became red almost instantly. When the iron could be withdrawn with out any bronze clinging to it, the com pound was deemed ready. An immense meta,1 bucket, attached to a powerful crane, was swung under the end of a spout, the furnace was tapped, and a molten stream ran out. Sparks flew in every direction, faces were shielded hastily from the heat, and the dusty Elaster images of Franklin, the Vander ilt bas relief, and other relics of previ ous jobs were made to glow. The bucket was nearly filled, a turn of the crane took it over the flask, and -the liquid was, by tipping the backet, poured into the mold, from which the suddenly heated air rushed through vent pipes with a noise like escaping steam. Some of the bronze slopped over and set fire to the wood, floor, and the water that quenched the blaze made so much steam that nothing-else could be seen ior five minutes. The casting was perfect.