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HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL, DESPERA3STDTJM. ' Two Dollars per Annum.
VOL. IX. ; . , , j .... BIDGWAY, ELK COUNTY, PA,, THURSDAY, APEIL 24, 1879. NO. 10. 1 , i - i ' r ' ' i r Jlother'g Work. Dear patient woman o'er your children bending To leave a good-night kiss on rosy lips, Or list the simple prayers to Ood ascending Ere slumber veil them in its soil eclipse, I wonder, do yon droam tlat seraphs lore you, And sometimes smooth the pathway for yonr feet; "That oft their silvery pinion float above you, When life is tangled and its cross-roads meet? So wan and tired, the whole long day so busy, To laugh or weep, at times you hardly know, So many trifles make the poor brain dizzy, So many errands call you to and fro. Small garments stitching, weaving fairy stories, And binding wounds, and bearing little cares, Your hours pass, unheeded oil the glories Of that great world beyond the nursery . Btairs. One--soliool mate's pen 'has written words of beauty, ' Her poems sing themselves into the henrt j Another's brush has magic ; you have duty j No time to spare for poetry or art. But only time for training little fingers, And teaching youthful spirits to be truej Yon know not with what tumino womnn lingers, With art alone to fill her, watching you. And yet, I think you'd rnthor keep the babies, Albeit their heads grow heavy on yous arm. Than haveho poet's fair, enchanted inay-bcs The artist's visions, rich with dazzling charm Bwect are the troubles of the happy hours, For even in weariness your soul is blest, And rich contentment all your being dowers That yours is not a hushed and empty nest. Margaret E. Sangtter. TYRAWLEY. A large party is assembled to celebrate the feast of St. Partridge at Havelstoke Hall, an old country house about two miles distant from the northwest corner of Devon. The various branches of Eng lish society are very fairly represented by its component parts. There nre two peers, three members of the lower house, some guardsmen, some undergraduates, a clergyman, and a lieutenant in the navy. But our Into is not a representa tive man ; yet he belongs to a class which, called into existence by the accumulated wealth of the nineteenth century, is ever on the increase. Frederick Ty raw ley has fought in more than one state of South America, and has wandered for more than two year.' from isle to isle of the Pacific. A mysterious reputation hovers round him. lie is supposed to have done many things, but no one is very clear what they arc; and it is not likely that much informa tion on the point will be obtained from him, for lie rcldom talks much, and never speaks of himself. His present mission appears to be to kill partridges, play cricket, and dress himself. Such as he is, however, he is an object of interest to the feminine portion of the party at Havelstoke Hall ; for he is rich and handsome, as well as mysterious, and cannot be more than two-and-thirty. There are blondes and brunettes, and pretty, brown-haired, brown-eyed girls, who hover between the two orders, and combine the most dangerous character istics of both, who can wear both blue and pink, and who look prettier in the one color than they do in the other; but w)io alwava command your suffrage in favor of that they nre wearing when you look at them. And there is Constance Baynton, with gray eyes and black hair. And the nicest critic of feminine appearance might be defied to state what sue had worn, half an hour after; for no one can ever look at anything except her face. Yet Constance is three-aud-twenty, and still unmarried. Alas, what cowards men are. The fact is that Constance is very clever; but as Mrs. Mellish (the widow) says, 'not clever enough to hide it.' In Mr. Tvrawley she affected to dis believe. She stated as her opinion to her friends, that she didn't believe lie ever had done or ever would do anything worth doing; but that he plumed himself on a cheap reputation, which, as all were ignorant of its foundation, no one could possibly impugn. There is reason to believe that in tins instance Miss Constance was not as con scientious as usual, but that she really entertained a higher opinion of the gen tleman than she chose to confess. lie certainly was not afraid of her, and had even dared to contradict her favorite theory of the general worthleesness of English gentlemen of the nineteenth century. , - The day lingered on, after the usual fashion of wet days in September in full country-houses. There was a little dancing after dinner: but all retired early in hopes of a finer day on the mor row. Tyrawley had some letters to write, so that it was past two before he thought of going to bed. He always slept wit h his window open, and as he threw up the sash, a fierce gust of wind blew out his candles, and blew down the looking glass. Pleasant, by Jove!1 lie soliloquized. 'I wonder whether it's smashed un lueky to break a looking-glass I'm hanged if I know where the matches are ; nevermind; 1 can find my way to bed in the dark. What a night!' as a flash of lightning illuminated the room for a moment, and he bent out of the window. ' The wind must be about, nor-nor-west. Cheerful for anything coining up to Bris tol from the southward. I wonder what a storm is like on this coast. I have a great mind to go and see. I shall never be able to get that hall door open with out waking them up! what a nuisance! Stay, capital idea! I'll go by the window.' Before starting on this expedition, he changed the remainder of his evening drees (for he had been writing in his dressing-grown) for a flannel shirt and trousers, whilst a short pea-jacket and dazed hat completed his array. His room was on the first floor, and he had in tended to drop from the window-sill ; but the branch of an elm camo so near that he found it unnecessary ; as, springing to it, lie was on tue ground, like a cat, in an instant, lie soon found his way across the country, ' like a bird,' to the edge of the cliff. The sea for miles geenied one sheet of foam. But a flash of lightning discovered a group of figures about a quarter of a mile distant; and he distinguished shouts in the intervals of the storm. He was soon amongst them, and he found that all eyes were turned on a vesbel which had struck on a rock with in two hundred yards of the cliff. It was evident that sue would go to pieces under their very eyes. , . . Is there no way of opening communi cation with her?' he asked of an old coastguard man. 4 Why, ye see, sir, we have sent to Bilford tor Manby's rockets, but she must break up before they come.' 'How far is it to Bilford?' 'Better than seven mile, your honor.' ' If we could get a rope to them, we might save the crew.' 'Every one of them, your honor ; but it ain't possible.' ' I think a man might swim out.' The. first, waye, would dash him t,o pieces against, the cliff.' What depth of water below ?' ' 'The cliff goes down like a wall, forty fathom, at least.' 'The deeper the better. What dis tance to the water P' ' Good fifty feet.' ' Well, I have dived off the main yard of tho Chesapeake. Now listen to me. Have yoti got some light, strong rope P' ' As much as you like.' ' Well, tnke a double coil round my chest, and do you take care to pay it out fast enough ns I draw upon it,' " You won't draw much after the first plunge; it will be the same thing as suicide, every bit.' Well, we shall see. There's no time to lose; lend me a knife.' And in an instant he whipped off his hat, boots and pea-jacket ; then with the knife he cut off its sleeves and passed the rope through them, that it might chafe him less. The eyes of the old boatman bright ened. There was evidently a method in his madness. 'You are a very good swimmer, I suppose, sir?' ' I have dived through the surf at Xukuheva a few times.' ' I never knew a white man that could do that.' Tyrawley smiled. ' But whatever you do,' lie said, 'mind and let me haveplen ty of rope. Now out of tho way, my friends, and let me have a clean start.' lie walked slowly to the edge of the cliff, looked over to see how much tho rock shelved outward; then returned, looked to see that there was plenty of rope for him to carry out, then took n short run, and ' leaped as if from the spring-board of a plunging-bath. He touched the water full tive-and-twenty feet from the edge of the cliff. Down into it s dark depth he went, like a plum met, but soon to rise again. As lie reached the surface he saw the crest of a mighty wave a few yards in front of him the wave that "he has been told was to dash him lifeless against the cliff. But now his old experience of the Pacific stands him in good stead. For two moments he draws breath, then, ere it reaches him he dives below its center. The water dashes against the cliffs, but the swimmer rises far beyond it. A faint cheer rises from the shore as they feel him draw upon the rope. The waves follow in succession, and he dives again and again, rising like an otter to take breath, making very steadily on ward, though more below the water than above it. We must no;v turn to the ship. The waves have made a clean breach over her bows. The crew are crowded upon the stern. They hold on to the bulwarks and await tl'ie end, for no boat can live in such a sea. Suddenly she is hailed from the water. " Ship. ahov !" shouts a loud, clear voice, which makes itself heard above the storm. "Throw nie a rope or a buoy!" The life-buoy was still hanging in its accustomed place by the mainmast. The captain almost mechanically takes it down, and with well-directed aim throws it within a yard or two of the swimmer. In a moment it is under his arms, and in half a minute he is on board. "Come on board, sir?" he says to the captain, nulling one of his wet curls pro fessionally. The captain appeared to be regarding him ns a visitor from the lower world ; so, turning to the crew, lie lifted up the rope he had brought from the shore. Then for the first time the qhject of his mission flashed upon their minds, and a desperate cheer broke forth from all hands, instantly re-echoed from the shore. Then a strong cable is at tached to the small rope and drawn on board ; then a second, and the communi cation is complete. "But no time is to be lost, for the stern shows signs of break ing up, and there is a lady passenger. While the captain is planning a sort of chair in which she might be moved, Tyrawley lifts her upon his left arm, steadies nimseii witn the right bv the upper rone, and walks along the lower as if he liad been a dancer. He is the first on shore, for no sailor would leave till the lady was safe. But they soon follow, and in five minutes the ship is clear; five minutes more and no trace of her is left. Havelstoke Hall has been arous d by the news of the wreck, and Mr. Ravel stoke has just arrived with blankets. Him Tyrawley avoids; and, thinking lie can be of no farther use, lie betakes him self across the country once more, and by the nid of the friendly elm regains his chamber without observation. The lady whom Tyrawley had depos ited in a cottage, with a strong recom mendation that she should go to sleep immediately, was soon carried off in triumph by Mr. Havelstoke to the Hall, and welcomed by Lady Grace at half past three in the morning. There were very few 'of the guests who slept undis turbed that night. The unusual noise in the house aroused everybody, and many excursions were made in unfin ished costume to endeavor to ascertain what was going on. Breakfast that morning was a desul tory meal. People finished and talked about the wreck, and began again. It seemed quite impossible to obtain any thing like an accurate account of what had taken place. At last the captain ap peared, and although almost over whelmed by the multiplicity of ques tions, nevertheless, between the inter vals of broiled ham and coffee, he man aged to elucidate matters a little. Then came the question: 'Who is it who swam to the vessel?' Tyrawley had only been at Havelstoke a few days, and was a stranger in the neighborhood. None of the servants had reached the coast till it was all over, so there had been no one to recognize him. ' I scarcely saw him.' said the cantain. ' but he was a dark, tallish man, with a great deal of beard.' 'Was he a gentleman?' asked Miss Constance Mynton, who had been tak ing a deep interest in the whole affair. Well, dye see. miss. I can't exnctlv say, for he hadn't much on; but if he isn't, he'd make a good one that I'll go bail for. He's the coolest hand I ever saw. Stay! now I think of it, I shouldn't wonder if he was a naval man, for he puueii ins toreiock, half-laughing like, nnd said " f Vimn "nn !,,, -.1 oii " fn nip and said " Come "on board, sir," wnen we puueo. him up.' At this moment half-nast ten A. m. Mr. Tyrawley walked into the breakfast room. ' v . ' Now here's a centlcman. captain. Mr. Tyrawley, who lias been all over the worlil, and met with some strange art ven tures. I'll be bound he never saw any thin? to equal the affair last night.' ' You'd a nearish thing of it, captain P' inquired Tyrawley, speaking very slow ly. His manner and appearance quite disarmed any suspicion the captain might have had of his identity. 'Five minutes more, sir, and Davy Jones' locker would have held us all. Begging your pardon, miss,' apologizing to Constance. .. .. The oantain had already repeated the story a reasonable number of times, and was anxious to finish his breakfast So Miss Constance gave it all for the benefit of Mr. Tyrawley, dressed in her own glowing periods. Tyrawley made no observation upon her recital, but took a third egg. 'Well, Mr. Tyrawley,' said she at last, what do you think of the man who swam out to the wreck ?' Why. 1 think. Miss Baynton I think,' said he hesitating, 'that he must have got very wet. And I sincere ly hope lie won t eaten com.' There was a general laugh at this, in which the captain joined ; but it is to be feared that Miss Constance stamped her pretty little foot under the table. Tyrawley turned, and began to talk to Miss Mellish, who was sitting on his right. As he was speaking, the door on his left opened, and Lady Grace Havelstoke entered with tho lady pnssenger. The lady heard him speak and there nre some voices which a woman never for gets nnd the dangerous journey over the rope had not passed in silence. Mie lam lier liana upon Ins arm, and said, ' Oh, sir, how can I thank you?' tyrawley rose, as in duty bound, say ing, 'Do not speak of it. I did not know. wnen i came on, mat i was to nave tue pleasure of assisting you.' But the astonishment of the captain was beautiful to behold. Why, you. don't mean to say, Well, I never : dash my wig, well I'm Here, shake hands, sir, will you?' And he stretched across the table a brawny hand, not much smaller than a shoulder of mutton. The grin with which Tvrawley met his seemed to do more to con vince him of his identity than the lady's recognition of their preserver. 1 he day was as wet as the preceding. Half an hour after breakfast, Mr. Ty rawley lounged into the back drawing room. There sat Miss Constance Bayn ton, and, by the singular coincidence which favors lovers or historians, sin; sat alone. Now Constance had decided that she would compliment Mr. Tyrawley on his gallant conduct. Mie Had, in tact, arranged a neat, quiet, cold, formal, appropriate form ol words, in which she would give her views expression And how do you think she delivered them? She got up, said, 'Oil, Mr. Tyrawley!' nnd burst into tears. If a woman's pride is a shield to thee. oh man, as well as to her, against the arrows of love, remember that if ever be throws it away after she has com pelled you to acknowledge its value you ire ooiii ieit utterly dclenceless. Frederick Tyrawley capitulated at once, lliey are to be married this month. And if Mr. Tvrawley does not. :it some future time, achieve a reputa tion which no mystery can cloud, it will not be Mrs, Tyrawley's fault An Epicure's Fate. Mr. Rogerson, the son of a eentlem.m of large fortune in England, after receiv ing an excellent education, was sent abroad to make the grand tour. In this journey young Hogerson attended to nothing but the various modes of cook ery and the methods of eating and drink ing luxuriously. Before his return bis fat her died, when he entered into the pos session of a very large fortune, lie was now able to look over his notes of epicur ism and to discover where the most ex quisite dishes and best cooks were to be procured, lie had no servants but men cooks. Footman, butler, housekeeper, coachman nnd grooms were all cooks. Among those more professionally !?b were one from Florence, another from Sienna, and another from Viterbo, who was employed for the special purpose of dressing one particular dish only the "(locce vicante" of Florence. Ho bad also a German cook for dressing the liv ers of turkeys, and the rest were all French. Mr. Rogerson had a messenger constantly traveling between Brittany and Tendon to bring him the eggs of a certain sort of plover near St. Malo, and a single dinner, consisting of two dishes only, sometimes cost him upward of fifty guineas. He counted the minutes be tween his meals, and was wholly ab sorbed in devising means to indulge his appetite. In the course of nine years lie tound lus table dreadfully abridged by the ruin of his fortune, anil he was verg ing fast to poverty. When he had spent a fortune of 8750,000 and was totally ruined, a friend gave him a guinea to keep him from starving: but a short time after he was found dressing nn ortolon for himself. A few days later he died by his own hands. Words of Wisdom. Cheerfulness is the daughter of employ ment. Wisdom nrenares for the worst hut fr.11, leaves the worst for the day when it comes. Harmony and good will toward men must be tho basis of every political estab lishment. Tn nnlrr to diruiose our henrts in rievn. tion, the active life is to be preferred to the contemplative. T1,a bnninpRR rtf the tenner heart is in. creased by what it can take away from the wretchedness ol others. (lr-nai vines nr thfii nrnMF obiects of OU detestation smaller faults of our,pity ; but affection appears to be the only true source of the ridiculous. No man has come to trae greatness who Vim nnt felt, in some decree that hi life be longs to his race, and that what God gives him He gives mm ior manKina. The very heart and root of sin is an in j...,.....l,.ni nml selfish spirit. We erect th idol self, and not only wish others to wor kIho it. but we worship it ourselves. Universal love is a glovo without fingers which fits all hands alike, and none closely; but true affection is like a glove with fin gers, w hich fits one hand only, and fits close to that one. Eighteen hundred girk under twenty years of age were married in New York city iwti yew. SOMETIIISO ABOUT PIUS. A Farmer's lliajb Oplulnn nf their IutelH frmce, Counmc and CleaiillneMi I breed pigs on a largo scale, and I boldly affirm from my experience that the pig is more intelligent than nny other beast, more courageous, cleaner and possessed of more delicate organ ization. I once bought thirty-six young pigs, and put them in a pen. For the first few days they behaved themselves admira bly. Being a novice in the business of handling pigs, I thought this quietude was the result of their being well fed. What they were really doing was re flecting on their confinement, and devis ing a wny to get out of their pen. At nny rate, they got out. I searched for the missing thirty-six, nnd found them in my garden, eating lettuce and early peas. But with the help of all the men on the ranch I could not drive them back into the pen ; they seemed to have forgotten where nnd how thev cot out. Around tho pen they ran," but not one offered to get in. My men were yielding to exhaustion, and I was nearly wild with rage. Declaring that those pigs should go into their pen the same way theyfeame out, I went to the house and loosened a Huge nan-mood jSewtound land clog that had an inborn dislike for hogs. " Put those pigs in their pen, and don't you dare to bite one of them." Fred, the dog, looked first at mo and then at the pigs, and makinc a nuick jump at one small specimen, took him down, standing over tue prostrate pig, the dog growled savagely, nnd every now and then he gave him a severe shaking. When, by my command, the pig was re leased it ran to a corner of the pen, leap ed to the third board, turned slightly on its side, nnd scrambled throueh. The others followed as fast as possiljle. They would have scampered around that pen for a week, and not one would liave re vealed the place, if the sudden nnd over whelming fright resulting from being held in the jaws of a hundred-pound dog had not made this one betray the secret. Afterward the thirty-six pigs would. tunnel under the fence and invade my garden, but when the dog was called, with wild grunts of alarm, they rushd into their quarters, ooon it became nec essary only to stand on.thc hill and yell, "Fred, I red! Pigs, pigs!" to make every hog within hearing run for that hole in the pen. Once, nnd only once, the big dog went over the fence "to pun ish a small pig that had been uncom monly exasperating. The knowledge then and there absorbed by him lasted the rest of his life, lie was willing to est his forepaws op the fence, to look ver. and bark at the occupants ot the jen, but when urged to go over he sulked. and said, by his looks, " I tried that once, and believe me, it was not well." 1 had a big crop ot corn and oats, ami prices were verv low. Not being in im mediate need of money, I determined to. breed jugs enough to eat my crop. In the course of my shooting prairie chick ens, I one day strayed on horseback some forty miles from home, and coming across a large pigpen found in it a lot of pure razor-back sows. I thought J would like to be tho owner of these razor-backs, so I returned with a couple t teams and bought twenty-two ol them long of fnout, long of leg, roach backed, long tailed, heavy in the shoulders, high in the withers, light nnd low in the ham. Ivot to enlarge on the troubles and vexations those pigs caused me before 1 got home, J. will simply say that I lost all standing in my fhurcli from what was overheard on that jour ney. Jiut I got tho pigs liome. My wife had raised some eighty tur keys, nnd countless chickens ranged around my stacks, sheds and barns. W e used to select and ioint out with the index finger the gobblers we would eat when cold weather came. We enjoyed many turkeys that way, and it was well we ate them in anticipation, for we did not taste them any other way. The azor-backs were turned into a large yard, containing about an ncre, and the process of building up meat on their open bonework began. The still hunt the sows also began turkeys and chickens the game they stalked. Though 1 was on the point ot losing my mind, as I looked on T could not help admiring the skill displayed. A wagon load of corn would be scattered on the ground in the pen, and the sows would slowly rise un on their haunches. Sitting in all conceivable attitudes they would yawn, opening their long jaws much as nn alli gator does his when lie sees a young per son indiscreetly coming to play in the river. Then, getting on their feet, they would slowly wed up and down the pen. A turkey would hop over the tence and begin to pick corn, and may be, in his exceeding comfort, spread his tail and giye voice to a cheerful gobble or two. A long, lean; wiry sow wmid look at him, her bright black eyes sparkling with the pleasure of anticipation. She oulrt slowly teed toward the turkey. mild grunts issuing from her the while. She would not hurt a turkey not she! Slowly and cautiously she would draw near to the bird, and nearer yet, until she was within three or four feet of him. Suddenly a Ions, active body would be launched through the air: a snapping of great jaws, a suuuen jumping oi the lore- leet on the body ot the gobbler, a firm grip of the jaws on leg, wing or breast ; a quick, powenui, upward jerk, and tho gobbler that erst strutted in my yard was being converted into pork. 1 once saw a sow miss a turkey, nnd the fowl took to wing. The sow gathered herself lor a run, nnd, lumping high in the air. snapped at the living bird. The flying turkey would be horrified to see every sow he passed over rise up in the air toward him and vainly snap her jaws at his dangling legs. The gobbler who had made an escape ot this kind would spend hours in standing around, medita. ting on the hard times it would bo for turkeys if razor-backed sows had wings The unshot of this stalkins of mv fowls was that 1 lost ail 1 had, and to-day there is not a fowl on the place. Once I had a couple of sows, each of which raised me nine pigs, I let the lit tle ones run out (it was a grasshopper year, and they could hurt nothing.) Kan sas was considerably pestet ed w ith wolves that year, and mv neighbors predict ed that I would lose my pigs. I met them. an over the neighboring- country, but at sundown they were generally at home. I used to think they were lucky, until one day, while shooting prairie chickens, I saw a wolf dancing around in the grass in a very peculiar manner, i watched him from a distance, but could not com prebend his behavior. So I walked to ward him, and, by taking advantage of a ravine, was auie to get within torty yards of the beast. Lying down behind a bunch oi biue-jomt grass, I looked on, The coyote had found mv eighteen nisrs. then soma four months old, and wanted one for dinner. The pisrs. obieetintr. had formed a circle, with their head out, and were bravely grunting defiance. The wolf was running around them, snapping his jaws and doing all in his power to frighten a faint-hearted pig out of the cir cle. The compact ring of sturdy litt le black porkers slowly moved down the road, never faltering, but constantly keeping up their war grunt. As they passed me at about twenty five yards, I rebuked the coyote with an ounce of No. 10 bird shot. lie suddenly lost interest in pork, nnd retired to the hills to hunt jack rabbits. I never had any anxiety about my pigs after that. Once I built a pen for 100 stock hogs by a deep pond of water. I ran the fence out into the pond to "where the water was five feet deep; then I took logs and, chaining them together, stretched them between the ends of the fence. This made a pen with a big pond in it, and the pigs could not get out un less they dived under the logs. I was raised in the belief that a pig could not swim. The hogs were driven to the pen, put in, and, as I had self-feeding corn-bins that were full, I flattered my self that I was rid of the personal care of those hogs until butchering time. The result was that they became such expert divers that they were never in tho pen. They would swim out to the logs and dive under. If I went to the pen on horseback, accompanied by my dog, I would gather them up by setting the dog on them, make them all jump into tho pond, swim to the log, plunge under it and swim ashore into their pen. There the dog dared not follow. The courage of a sow with young in her nest is "something wonderful. No wild animal that wa Iks on Kansas soil can drive her from them. She will die in defense of her pigs, and the wolf doesn't live that can get the better of a razor-back sow. She will always eat young pigs, provided they nre not her own. Her own she never eats. The pigs of any other sow she considers le gitimate food, and she will eat them up to the time that they are three weeks old ; and any other sow in turn will eat her pigs. J he sows regard each other with an evil eye. Distrust, doubt, un- crtainty reign everywhere until the iius nre nuick nnd active. Then the friendly family relations nre resumed. It is strange, but I have never seen a boar eat young pigs, nnd I have had all kinds from the blooded " wind-splitters" to the pure Berkshires and I never had a pig eaten by one of them. How a Tond Undresses. A gentleman sends to an agricultural aper an amusing description of "How a 1'oad takes off his Coat and Pants." He ays he has seen one do it, and a friend has wen another do the same thing in the sam way : About the middle of July I found a toad on a hill of melons, and not wanting im to leave, 1 hoed around him ; he ap- )eared plusrgish nnd not inclined to move, l'resently 1 observed him pressing his el bows ngainst his sides, and rubbing down ward, lie appeared so singular that I watched to see what he was up to. After a' tew smart rubs lus skin began to burst open straialit along lus back. Jow, said I, Id fellow, you have done it; but he ap- )eared to be unconcerned, and kept on rub bing until he had worked all his skin into folds on hirf sides and hips ; then grasping one hind leg with both his hands, he hauled li cue legol his pants the same as nnvbonv would, then strijmed the other hind lee in the same way. He then took this cast- off culicle forward between his fore legs into lus mouth and swallowed it ; then, by rais ing and lowering his head, swallowing ns his head came down.hestripjied ofl'the skin ndirneath until it came to his fore legs, nnd then grasping one of these with the op poitehand, by considerable pulling Rtripped ft the skin ; changing hands, he stripjied the other, and bv a slight motion of the he.id, and all the while swallowing, he drew t from the neck and swallowed the whole The ojiernthm seemed an agreeable one and occupied but a short time. The Andre Monument. Mr. Cyrus W. Field has purchased the land at Tappan, X. Y., where Major John Andre was executed October 2, 1780, and is aving prepared to he placed on the same a stone, nn the front of which will be in scribed : Here lifd, October 2, 1780, Major JOHN ASOlsE, nt I lie Briiish Aimy, who, entering the American Unci on a secret mission to llcnedict Arnold, for the Ktirreuder of West Poii.t, was taken prisoner, tried and coudcnined as a spy. His death. though according to the stern code of war, nioved even his enemies to pity, and both armies mourned the fate of ono fo vouoff and so brave. In 1821 his remains were removed to Westrolufcter Abbey. A hundred yeais after his ex cation cltiEen of tile stated agniDHt A'iilch ho fought placed this stone above tbe spot where ho luy ; Not to perpetuate the record ol strife, Itilt in token of those better seutilnenU Which h.ive since united two nations, One in race, in !anKuai;e. and iu religion: With the eirueKt hope that this friendly uuiou Will never be broken. Arthur Ftnrhyn Stanley, Ifeanetf Weatniituter. I On theback.1 Sunt lacryme rerun et uieutcui mort illn tangnnt. ttrgii, usneia l, 402. On thelrt HiU. 4T'iespyot the neutral ground, Who died a he had livf d, Devoted to the service of his country." JlniMrtre Cooper, On the ritiht title.' ' He was more uuforiuuate tnun criminal ; An accompli hed luau and nuliant officer. " (jtorge Washington. lie (lied universally esteemed and uuiversully regret ttcl." Alexander Hamilton. Summer Vacations. Summer vacations have now become a permanent institution'; yet they are of comparatively recent origin. Our an cestors never thought 01 traveling be yond tho limfts of their city, village or native valley, except when driven by their affairs or their predatory instincts-. wuat lay neyonu tne laminar circle 01 their daily lives was foreign to them, and rather to be shunned than Bought. The traveler by choice was looked upon as bold and foolhardy. Men and women lived in narrow groves of their own. and had no desire to emerge into a larger space. ISut times are changed. The modern facilities for intercourse and communication have greatly enlarged our world. In one sense enlarged, in another belittled, for while our experi ence, turougn personal travel, books ana the reports of friends, has brought the .1 .' . . . . . .1 t l.l. . I . uisitiiiL uchi nuu iiiitTwuven it Willi uie associations of dailvlife.it. him drained away the sources of mystery which fed the imagination of our ancestors, and compensated the littleness of their actual world with indefinite conceptions of the vaslness and wonderful nature of the world that encircled it. If the earth, as they conceived it, was flat to us, in another sense, it is still flatter. Still, our new way is an improvement upon the old, for man needs variety of thought anil action to perfect his intellectual nature. TIMELY TOPICS. The so-called "Horse Communities " of Russia flourish in all cities where there are universities. Most of the poorer students, who are free from prejudices, live upon horse-flesh, which can be procured at one fifth the price jof beef. It 19 the custom of such students to board in parties of from five to twenty, and hence the name of "Horse Communities." So many'Nihilists have been found in these communities that the horse-meat eaters are liable to prosecu tion by the government. The Cherokee?, with a population of 19,000, support two seminaries, male and female respectively, an orphan asylum, a deaf and dumb asylum and seventy-four common schools, having in all 3,000 pupils. They nnmially expend for purposes of edu cation $79,000. The seminaries and asylums are in brick buildings, with three stories and a basement, and are quite handsome and commodious. They were erected at a cost of $40,000 each. The Creeks number 14,260j have twentv-eight public schools and two mission schools, with 1,200 pupils, cost ing $23,000. The Chnctaws, numbering 16,000, have fifty-five schools and one academy, costing $29,000, with 1,200 pupils. The Chicksaws, numbering 5,800, have twelve public schools and one academy, costing $21,000, with 400 pupils. The Scm'i noles have five schools, with an attendance of 180, forwhich they pay annually $2,800. The "Loyal Sons of America" Is the itle of an organization which was founded in 1871, and now laysclnhu to ten thousand members in different parts of the Union. Tho members are all American-born boys or young men between sixteen and twenty-six years of age, and their professed object is to join the American youths together "by the golden band of fidelity and love." To quote their constitution, " what we desire to do is to organize in every town and city in the country a lodge where the strict principles of justice, boncn- and noble deeds will be carried out, and prepare ourselves for nny position ot trust we shall be called upon to fill." They have n constitution and by laws, and " wigwams" inXew York, Brook lyn, Boston and other large cities. The first wigwam was established at Medusa, near Coxsackie, and the association intends to hold a grand encampment the next 4th of July. A case in which a romantic girl played an important part is narrated in the Mis souri papers. She, with other ladies, were visiting tho penitentiary at Jefferson City, when she was struck with the nppearnncenf a youthful convict, and his story was told by the warden. When a boy just out of collegs he had become implicated in the embezzlement of trust funds, for which his la 111 i ly disowned him. Believing him in nocent, the story kindled her enthusiasm, and an introduction was followed by promises to correspond. This she did in spite of the remonstrances of her family and friends, and before his term of imprison ment expired Bhe had engaged to marry the convict. The day hu was to be liberated Ac appeared in a carriage at the entrance, and both parties were ready for an entranc ing consummation of their fondest hopes, when a horrid old unroniantio officer ar rested the embezzler on another indictment. ft has hitherto been the custom of geo graphers to give the palm to Borneo ns the largest island in the world, but, according to the l'optdar Science Monthly, this is decidedly 1111 trror. " A careful estimate, founded on the most recent maps, shows that New Guinea is considerably the larger, and must for the future be accorded the first place. In shape this island differs greatly from Borneo, being irregular and much extended in a north-northwest and a south-southenst direction, so that its greatest length is little short of 1,500 miles, a distance as great s the whole width of Australia from Ade laide to Port Darwin, or of Europe from London to Constantinople. Its greatest width is 410 miles; and, omitting the great peninsulas which form its two extremelies, the central mass is about 700 miles long with an average width of 320 miles, a country about the size of the Austrian em, pire, and, with the exception of the course of one long river, an absolute blank upon our maps." The Health of Printers. In the course of a lecture on the " Efiects of Occupations tijion Health," recently de livered at Leijisic by Dr. Ileubner, he drew attention to the frequency of lead-poisoning among typefounders, compositors and press men. In Ieipsic itself, the great metropolis 01 the lierman book traue, seventy-seven per cent, of all who are thus affected belong to the trades enumerated. I ypefotinders are poisoned by inhaling the fumes of the metal, while compositors and pressmen in- lale minute particles ot the same material. Fraught with still greater danger is. how ever, the frequent practice of compositors of br ngtng their type-stained lianils in contact th their lips or keeping eatables in com posing-rooms, etc. llie great preventives against all such chronic ooisoiiincr are clean liness, both of person ana in the woik-room, nnd ample ventilation oythe lrequent open ing of windows, etc. As regards lung diseases, too, lirinters compare favorably th most other trades, the projiortion of lcaths from tins cause King exceptionally large. The one safeguard against ibis danger also is ventilation, which, as we all know, is sadly neglected in printing-offices generally by reapon ol tlie atmost universal dread ot draughts. " Editorial Ediflers." A lawyer keeps his own counsel. Not hard to take Garden sauce. A pretty cornseat A number one slipper. Whoop skirts are much worn On the frontier. Fair one. if you don't want some fel low to steal your heart, you must steel it yourself. A perpetual-motion watching machine A mother with several marriageable daughters. It is really amusing to examine the maps of the different railway lines, and tmd on each one their own road conven iently represented as direct "as the bird flies." and all competing lines crooked as a ram's horn or the streets of Boston. The editor who wrote what he in tended to be a complimentary narairranh concerning a battle-scarred soldier, who had honored his sanctum with a call, was exasperated beyond measure on taking up his paper the following mora ing, and seeing his fine effort utterly rutned by the intelligent compositor making it read, a " battle-scared sor dier." Chicago Commercial Advertiser. Tho Morning Comes Before tho San. Slow buds the pink dawn like a rose From out night's guy and oloudy sheath, Softly and still it grows and grows, Petal by petal, leaf by leaf, Each sleep-imprisoned creature breaks Its dreamy fetters one by ono, And love awakes, nnd labor wakes The morning comes before the sun What is this message from the light So fairer far than light can be t Youth stands a tijitoe, eager, bright, In haste the risen sun to see ; Ah! check thy longing, restless heart, Count the charmed moments as they run, It is life's best nnd fairest part, This morning hour before the sun. When once thy day shall burst to flower, When onco the sun shall climb the sky, And busy hour by busy hour The urgent noontide draws anigh, When tho long shadows creep abreast To dim tho hnppy task half tone, Thon wilt recall this jiause of rest, This morning hush before tho sun. To each one dawning and one dew Ono fresh young hour is given by fate, Ono rose flush on tho early blue Bo not imjMtient then, but wait! Clasp tho sweet jicace on earth and sky By midnight angels woven nnd spun, Better than day its prophecy The morning comes before the sun. Susan Cooliilgc. ITEMS OF INTEREST. A cawtious bird The crow. A calico hop A farmer's wife getting dinner for harvest hands. It underwent a change. The cargo that was thrown overboard. It is always well to be prepared for fires whether we have them or not. If you have a fine toned piano keep it free from dust to preserve its quality. The base ball season is fairly opened. Flies are already seen around our office. Scientists believe that the lightning rod principle was understood and applied 500 years li. C. Uoston Corbet t, who shot John Wilkes " Booth, is represented to be extremely poor and out of employment. So late as the reign of Henry VIII., not 11 cabbage, carrot, turnip or other edible root was grown in England. According to the most recent calcula tions those of Peterman the population of the whole world is now 1,44,000,000. A Grand International Exposition is to be held at Moscow next year. One at the city of Mexico, and one in Australia. There are said to be 2,000,000 or 3,000, 000 people in Prance who eat no bread, subsisting on chestnuts and vegetables. Coffee nnd tea do not have the same effect on every one. Some they render wakeful, and to some they prove a gentle anodyije. An ingenious instrument has been in vented by the use of which the net ion of the pulse is actually measured and pho tographed. Picayune: Life is but a span. Mar riage a double team. 1 otith weil.;ed to old age is a tandem. A cross old bachelor is single and sulky. ' There arc 3,800 species of grasses, only about a dozen or fifteen of which are anked among the cultivated or more highly nutritious kinds. Saving that he "took it for a lark" was not held by the justice to be a suf ficient plea in bar of .judgment, in the ease of a boy whole stole a pigeon. The French peasantry are not vet tired ot shuffling about in wooden shoes, and 1-ranee produces about four million pair yearly. They are very economical and keep the feet dry. I he best are made of maple, and in provincial towns, ladies often wear them. The men engaged in cleaning Monu mental park. Cleveland, of the debris and rubbish, while taking down the spar rows' nests in the trees came across one in which they found a 85 bill neatly woven. The money wns crumpled, but good, and the half-dozen men quietly "divided" and went into the task with renewed zeal, expecting to find a few more bills hidden away somewhere in the nests. Strange to fay, they found a lady's line gold chain in another, and a number of other curiosities of less value. Au Extraordinary Scene. Three years ago a young Christian Maronite in Turkey killed a Musselman in a hot-headed quarrel. After lying ever since in rison the mother of the victim enme forward last February and insisted on his being sentenced to death. What fol lowed the Constantinople correspondent of the Philadelphia 1'iesg thus describes: "As the crime was proven according lo the local judicial forms, she obtained from Midhat Pasha, the governor of Syria, a firman for the execution, and a day was fixed for the hanging. In vain the notables of all creeds and races, Musselmans nnd Christians, ap pealed to the old womnn to be merciful, for upon her word depended the life of the Maronite. They represented to her that if he did do the ded it might have been in self defence; that at any rate his guilt was not pel feet ly clear; that he had already grievously suffered in hodv and mind bv Ins imprisonment, and that the people of lk-yrout did not want a capital execution in their midst. Neithertbe Turkish ulenias, the Greek and Armenian bitihops. or the Turkish officials could soften the obdurate heart of this cruel woman. ' I have the firman for his execution,' she said, 'and his tate is in my hands. I will not spare him. In the night of February 5th, three hourt alter midnight, he was taken from his cell and led to the jdace of execution. An im mense crowd of people cathered around the 8?flo!d. There took place a scene of the most extraoulinary kind. The woman was told by the executioner that the man's rela tives were ready to pay her any gum in their power if she would, us custom authorized. allow him to go free on the payment i t blood money. She shrieked and foamed for vengeance; ror an hour and more she re fused to be merciful, notwithstanding th entnaths of the mass of men, women and cuuureii. iu me meanwhile the young man stood on the gallows with the halter about his neck, tr. mbling for his life.' Finally, worn out by the prayer of the peo ple, and tempted bytl e hih'figure to which the relatives .of the Maronite had run u t ie bid for lb life; she consented to accept $000 as blood nioifty. The hangman let go his ho'd of his expected victim, and banded him v:r to lib rdatiyes, who carried him cfl amid the acclauibticni of the spectators