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. - j , R : ; 1 HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor ' and , Publ!eh9r NXXi DESPERANDUM, Two Dollars per Annum. VOL. IX. 11IDGWAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1879. NO. 26. rt f : Deserted Filth Avenue. By early candle light I wandor lorth Upon Filth avenue and the adjoining street. How eilent, how' deserted are these mnrble hnllg, The homes of wealth and luxury Scarce the glimmer ot a chamber light is seen, The parlors nil funorally closed, The folks are out of town, The basements only show some signs ot life, As Ann and Bridget, lelt to keep the house, There loiter at hour oi early eve, To breathe fresh nir and gossip With Roundsman No. 7,682. A cat with stealthy tread Steals o'er the way, Intent on theft or commune with some other cat. Ha! Who are these? So stealthily peeping lorth As though in tear ot'ioe outside in ambush, Or sitting well ensconced within the hall, In dresses dark and somber. - These ? T'is is the family, Who lor strong reason Have stayed in town this season, Who timidly at night unbar the door Closed in the day, and in deserted outward look Contemporaneous with the rest. I turn away my head. I know their pain. They wish not to be seen ol men. They're theoretically out ot town. I will not e'en spy out their number. This is true charity. A'ew York Graphic. The Little Old Woman and Cows. Her A STOKY KKOM OVEK THE SEAS. Oudennrde is a town in the Nether lands; perhaps the guide hooks sru-ll it Audcnnrde, hut long ago, when she lived there, the country was known :vs Flan ders, and the name of the town began with O. They were times of trouble then on account of the wars. The men were nearly all oil" for soldiers whether they wanted to iro or not ; and the towns, which all had high walls round thein for defence, fell lir.it into the hands of one army and then of the other, and kfigjitmg was tire (Miiet business. J Ills woman, w nnsu iniiiic wa j. uuo- killa, lived .just off the road between f)udenardo and Ghent, which were twelve miles apart: but she belonged to he lormer place, though she lived a (good way outside, and never went there linow; lor not only. did sue ieei too old for the walk, but the town had a garri son of soldiers in it. and was in danger of being attacked i.ny day, and she had sc- n trouble enough without going to seek it. She was more than sf venty years old, and li"cd alone except for her eat. Anil she was so poor that she had almost nothing but two cows, and those she would nut hare had long if the soldiers had thought them worth driving oft"; but as 1 hey were not much more" than skin and bone, she was left in peaceful possession of them. Being a pious woman, when she said her prayers at night she never forgot to say that the cows were a great deal to he thankful for. On the tew pints ot miik they gave, and a little barley bread, she managed to live, and also to keep her cat in good condition. The cat his name w:is Solomon had belonged to her son Peter. So had the cows, which he had raised from calves when they had a nice farmstead of their own, and'all was prosperous with them. Now the farm was gone, the horses and the cattle, all but the cows. She had only them and the cat. Her husband was dead ; and Peter was lost. He hud been forced into the wars, and now for eleven years no tidings of him had ever reached her. But she always prayed for him as if he was alive, and never gave over the hope that he might come bock a mother never does. That was why she still lived near Oudenarde; because if she went away, and he should conn back, how could he ever find her? Could lie anyway, for her old neigh' ors were all gone, and the war hail ch .nged everything? She had found shelter in a little, old hut with a thatched roof. The walls looked ready to full down, anil the thatch had rotted so that it let in the rain ; but she kept it sweet and airy. In fair weather the door always stood wide open, showing the clean, clay floor, a small fireplace with the dinner-pot, which had nothing in it, hanging on the cranej two wooden benches, a table nnd a bed, a brass lamp, some pewter and wooden dishes, and a crucifix and picture of the Virgin. There was a square window with latticed bars across it in checkers, and on the ledge was always a mug of flowers, and beside it in gunny days usually sat the cat, which was salmon-colored and immensely large. This was how the house looked one September afternoon at sunset. Fttro nilla had just milked the cows, and both of them were safe for the night in a little yard at the end of the house. She stood in the door looking first at the small quantity of milk in the wocden 'dipper she held in her hand, and then at the cows, and saw that they were leaner than ever. Then she gazed off upon the dusty, dried-up fields, on whose out skirts they had picked up their scanty living, while she sat by watching them with knitting-work in her 'hands; there was almost nothing left for them; what should she do? Then she thought of the great meadows along the river toward Oudenarde; broad and green she could see them far away this side the town. There the grasses grew rank and high; and in this time of fear no man cared for them, or would dare to cut them. A force ot ' soldiers had just gone into garrison there, the gates were kept shut and cuarded.the inhabitants dared not stir outside; and at any moment the men of Ghent might march, down ana attack them. It was no trespass to gather grass from the river valley. The longer she looked, the more she felt-that she could get some, and that she oucht to do it. When she had made up her mind she lelt easier, ana ner lace showed it. It was a good face: brown, because ulie had,beenout ot doors so much, Crinkled: in a row oi lurrows clear across -lier forehead, ana wrinkled about her eyes and chin, but it was kind and patient. ' She tied a dark handkerchief over her clean white cap, and tucked her small cheeked shawl closer about her neck and crossed it on her bosom outside of her brown woolen frown, then she nut a strong cord into her pocket which bIic wore hanging from her belt, nnd took her staff Jrom behind the door, and set out; but just before she crossed the threshold she looked down at Solomon, who sat there, and said, " Solomon, you keep house till I get back. It won't be before midnight." Women who live alone with cats are apt to confide things to them. It was a lonesome walk, and a weary one for a woman of her years, but the thought of her poor cows kept her up. The night was beautiful, the air was mild, and the starlight so clear that she could easily find her way, and yet it was not bright enough to betray her to any one wlio might be wandering about, which indeed was a very unlikely thing to happen, for everybody, except a few stray cottagers like hersilf, was safe within the walls of the town; nnd ns for the enemy, they were twelve miles off in Ghent. Besides its own strong defences Oude narde was further protected by great ditches, deep and broad, along the mead ows, so that it was considered safe from attack on that side. When Petronilla reached the outermost of these ditches she was much surprised to find that there was no water in it, but being anxious to gather her bundle of grass, she fell to work, pulling it up by long handfuls, until she had secured as much as she could carry, and had just tied it with the cord, when a strange thing hap pened, and she soon learned something very important about the ditch. Though her hearing was not as good as it once had been, she was sure that two or three persons vere talking not far away, and that they were coming nearer. She instantly pulled off her cap that its snowy whiteness might not at tract attention, niullled herself to the eyes in her kerchief, and crouched low among the tufts of reeds. And none too soon, for men began to p:iss close by her, carrying long ladder j, which nearly swayed against her, so near were they. She dared not stir, and could not raise her eyes to see higher than their knees; but as the feet went by her face, one pair after another, she counted ; and there were four hundred men. What was the meaning of it she gath ered quickly enough, for the leaders talk ed over their plans almost over her head. They were foes, the men of Ghent, come at, midnight after long marching to surprise Oudenarde. They said that most of the garrison and the great oflicers were away, feeling that all was safe they had sent Fpies who found this out and that the town was carelessly guarded, and what was worse, that the inhabitants had drawn the water out of the ditches to get the fish, and along these channels the enemy could now approach even to the walls. and by means of their scaling-ladders climb over. As soon as the men had all gone by, Petronilla. though shaking with terror. hurried ns fast as her feet could hobble by a short path she knew to the walls, just where the emptied ditch would give them a place of advantage. The sentry was going his rounds, and finding all was well, would soon have passed out of hearing, but she began to moan and cry as if in distress, nnd hear ing her, he came back and asked her what was the matter. Then in a quavering voice she told her storv, which lie knew not what to think of; being only a poor sentinel obeying orders, what should lie think when an old woman started up before him at midnight begging him to alarm the gar rison, when the commander had felt secure enough to leave everything just as 1 1 was r But he was humane, so he treated her kindlr, nnd asked her to stop and rest herself, but she said : "No; if I don't hurry away I shall be a dead woman." When she had gone, the thought came to him how true and kind her voice was, and what an honest woman she seemed. "bhe made me think of my poor mother, who has been dead these many rears. I fear." Because of this, he said he would go and look oft' from the highest place nnd watch and listen, which he did; but not a sound broke the stillness except the cry ot a nignt-oira on tne meadow; nothing was stirring, even the old wo man was nowhere to be seen. Indeed, she had made haste to get back to the place where she saw the men. who remained as she had left them, all but four, who were just being sent onward with orders lrom then- leader not to speak, not to cough or fneeze, hardly even to breathe, but to go ns near the walls as possible without startling the watchman, reconnoiter, and briu 2 back word. - This they did ; and Petronilla waited to hear the report in dread and sorrow. for she was sure there was not a light burning in all the town nnd that the people were sound asleep in their beds. never dreaming of danger; and when the spies returned, their words only milled to her misery. TM.ow A ill rrt af)P zn tminll na i lt.rltta.1 candle, they said, and they believed that the sentinel had been his rounds and had gone to bed ; and now it was proposed to prepare tor a start, enter tne aitcn and move onto the walls. Then poor tired old Petronilla started again, and appeared once more to the astonished .watchman, who was still keeping a sharp lookout, and told him all she had just heard, and that it was the last he would see of her that night. " But," sire said, " if evil does come to the town and you escape, mv hut can Bhelter you from harm. It is the first on the road to Ghent." She told him this because he had civil, pleasant way, which made her think of her dear boV. Peter. And now the man, fully alarmed, went round to the gate that was threatened, where he found the soldiers of the guard crowaea about a aim light playing dice, with three or four flasks of wine beside them; they weie his superiors in rank, so he addessed them ns "Gentlemen!" and asked if their gates nud barriers were all secure, because an old woman had been to him and told him that a band of men were on their way to take tho town. "Oh, ho!" they cried, "our gates are fast enough. A bad night to the old woman who has come tit such an hour to alarm us! Probably she saw some cows and calves that had come untied and she fancied thev were men oi Ghent i coming Here. 4. hey nave no such inten tions." Meantime, Petronilla, leaving her bundle of grass where it lay, wearily and sadly plodded home that she might be take herself to bed while she was able to get there; and the cows went without any supper. While she lay awake, for sleep sho could not, the terrible thing she feared came to pass. The guard, careless at their post, who scorned her message, were surprised nt their (tame. The four hundred had come over the walls by their, scaling-ladders and gained the market place, where they were heard shouting : "Ghent! Ghent!" The startled peoplo sprung in horror from their beds, only to see that it was too late to save their town, even if their own lives were secure. It was nn awlul niclit of fighting and pillaging; and the sight which the next morning's sun looked upon wa9 of streets full of armed men, houses broken open, confusion nnd destruction nnd death everywhere; and out tiirotign tne now onen nates a multitude of women nnd children, in th" clothes they slept barefoot and half-naked, fleeing lor heir lives before the men of Ghent, who were driving them as if they had been cattle ; nnd the poor fugitives, glad to escape on any terms, went running off on every road except the one to the enemy's city; and in the end found eluge in other towns, wnere me nus- ands and fathers ot some 01 mem niter- ward joined them, but the most were the same ns if they were widowed and plumed. There was only one person who dared nVe the road to Ghent, nnd he crossed out to it over the fatal meadow, but left t ns soon its he saw at one side t he lean ing cottage, with the little cow-pen be side it. where Petronilla lived. The sentinel had escaped, with his outer gar ment torn away and a gasli across his boulder: but 'io had kept safe sewed within his leathern doublet a pouch of gold which he had laid by for his old mother's support, if ever he should come back to Oudenarde. Since he came he had heard that she lad been some years missing from the irmstend. which had been ruined by the wars, nnd that surely she must be dead. lie thought that perhaps he would give this gray-haired woman some of it now for his mother's sake. How anxi ous she had seemed, what a faithful soul she was to do so much, how old she was to have walked so far, and how kind her invitation had been! This was her hut, then! flow poor it was. And those two cows looKing over he fence and lowing mournfully how can and starved they were! The house- door was open, nnd a cat came, out, salmon-co'.ored. Where had he seen such a cat of that queer color? She erowled and put up her back and started in, then slopped and looked around in istnay as he called "Solomon! Solo mon : it is my very cat. ooiomon : Then something else happened, for a voice cried from the bed within : "Oh, Peter!" Yes ; Petronilla, sleeping late after her night 8 adventure, dreamed 01 tne senti nel: and Peter's words awoke her. As sure as she was Petronilla, he was Peter. W hat more is there to be told ? Why, that they both agreed that it was best to get away trom uudcijarne as last as their feet could carry them. The house might serve as shelter to sonfo poor fugi tive. 1 lie dinner-pot tuey wouiu leave wi:h somebody who had wherewithal to buy a dinner to cook in it. And the few possession ot the departing house keeper should .ie lelt lor ner successor, But Solomon they took with them in a air: and the two sorry-looking cows they drove before them to a more fertile as well as peaceful land "because," said Peter, "if it had not been for the cows, we never should have found each other. Youth's Comjxmion. The Solan Goose. The hardy birds, constructed by na- hire to battle with the elements, have a beaut entirely their own widely dif ferent, indeed, from the colored sd lend ors of the tropical birds: but theirs is a beau I y of ornament rather than of strength and perfect power. The solan goose, or gannet, is a wonder among the llvinir kind. Mr. Frank Buckland 1ms been experi menting unon the anatomical construc tion of the gannet. and says it possesses in its body the most perfect aeronautic machinery that can be conceived. There is a communication between the lungs. the feathers and the hollow bones of the birds, by means of which it is able to in flute itself like a balloon. The gannet on which Mr. Buckland experimented measured nine "inches across tho chest, but when inflated it measured fourteen inelirs. By suddenly pressing the inflated body, the dead bird immediately gave out tne loud call of the bird when alive, the sound bein produced bv means of the air passing through the voice-box nt the bottom of tho windpipe. The gannet can instan taneously extrude all this air fromjits tings, bones and leathers; ana tins en ables it to drop down from a height upon its nrcv in the sea with amazing rapidity. Some years ago, one of these birds was flying over l'enzance, in uornwau, wiwn, seeinir some mlchards lying on a nr plank, in a place for curing those fish, it darted itseif down with so much violence is io stick its bill quite through an inch anil a quarter plank, and kill itself on tlie spot. Tho bones of the bird's neck aie of amazing strength, and as hard ns an iron rod. The heai is joined to the atlas by a beautiful ball-and-socket. A Tame Humming Bird. Some time ago a lady living at Cin cinnati heard a bird called as if in pain. in the van I outside the door, nnd upon investigation found a young humming bird 111 the talons 01 tne iamuy cat. one promptly rescued the tiny fellow and found it to be a little hurt, though enough to warrant her taking an interest its convalescence. She took it into the kept it till the next day, when on taking it to the door to let it go, the bird flew 11 n into a tree and refused to go farther uway. finally returning to her hand. Charmed with the confidence displayed by the "pretty creature, the lady took it fully in charge, and since then has fed and cared for it ns for any other feathered pet. The bird is of a beautiful russet gold in color, seems to know ha henefaetress. and has charm ingly coquettish ways. It permits its mistress to handle it without exhibiting fear, and seems to enjoy being stroked and petted. When it gets hungry it makes a plaintive call, and is then fed trom a iresii peiunnt. juiv wuw n of the honey that is the natural food of the bird of freedom. The bird enjoys its aieals with ,1 calls for about twenty of them daily. - It is very saldom-.thut one of these il'ainty birds is caught, and still i-.ii-.jIv ta one Kepi uuvr, in My nothing of becoming a pi t, as is the case with the one spoken 01. A Zuln Artist. M. Ennnda writes to the Art Inter' diange from Zululand as follows: I will give you the history 01 one. Zulu artist that I knew. His iinmo was Taonuota. TPlease strike the roof ot your mouth twice with your tongue, making a noise like a small hammer and then you wiil get the pronunciation of his name. lie fled to Natal with his wife, to escape the sentence of death which Cetywayo had passed on him for being suspected of witchcraft, lie spent his time in carving wooden nnd ivory spoons, snuff-boxes of many varieties, made of vegetable ivory, etc., and also from reeds, all painted and figured. Bead work ho excelled in also modern pillows with filigree carving, wooden milkpails, ivory and bone perspiration scrapers with a snuff-spoon at one end nnd bone combs that looked like three fined forks. With these forks they dress tho hair in fantastic designs. When an ox is killed the ribs are taken care of to make, these useful articles. I must tell vou before 1 forget that Unon- qota was also a noted poet and sang his own compositions ns lie carved or painted thesnuft'-boxes and musical reeds, lie could draw very well considering he never had a lesson, and 111s silhouettes were made with the spearred hot, burn- rut the figures very evenly black though they were hideous repreientations. I regret not having a lew copies tor the cud nnd saucer nainters of New York to copy, for they would have admired them hugely. 1 T his Zulu artist was indeed a very original character. He often paid us a visit to see the sewing machine, nnd would solemnly exclaim, "The white man will soon find the medicine to cure death." lie tried to imitate some of our things, and showed much taste for pic tures. His pottery was more graceful and the ornamentations looked lifelike. Bv his great industry in art he soon ac quired a large fortune, namely, three wives and a kraal tun 01 cattle, calves and goats; but he did not retire from business; he would peddlfl his armlets nnd leglets, necklaces, spoons, spears, etc., far and wide over tho country. At last he had filled an earthen pot full of English wmey, and he thought he could e-eiite' he Zulu country unknown, to buy nio'-e cattle, to buy more wives, to be a grenier aristocrat, when he un expectedly met one of Cetywayo's police men who was wat"hin3 for runaways to Natal, and a spear ,uo weL aimed felled linn to the ground. A Shoemaker's Rich Strike. A wedding occurred recently in Chi ago which recalls strikingly some of the ncidents in the "Arabian wights. The Chicago Times, speaking of this ceremony, says: it was Between two favorites ot lortune Whose sudden re nioral from poverty to opulence has few parallels in fiction and far fewer in real ife. The bridegroom is fir. August Hische, who was a year and a lialf ago a poor man, obtaining A meagre living by working at his trade as a shoemaker. tie was one ot the pieneers ui Jeaaniie and had the good fortune to " strike it rich." lie was the discoverer ot the lit tle Pittsburg mine, lie is now the part ner of Governor Tubor and the owner of fourteen or fifteen mines, somes of which arc among tne best silver mines in the country. Among them are the Saxon. Nevada. Hard Cash. Penfold, Bed Hogers and Alaska. He is forty-five vears. The bride was Miss Minnie Iunirhuhn. twenty-four years old. Till a few weeks ag she supported herself v sewing in the establishment of Glauz & Pciiolat, furners. 1 he engagement occurred a few weeks ago. Mr. lust he met Miss Iunirhuhn at Glauz & Perio- lat's and proposed at once. 1 he time of the wedding was not decided on. how- over, till Monday, when it was deter- niiied to have it the following evening The wedding occurred at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. V. r . l'eriolat, INo. 14 l'ark avenue, x lie ceremony was solemnized at 7.30 o'clock by the liev. T. N. Morri son. Jr.. of tie Church of the Epinhanv .Mr. and Mrs. lunghuhn. the parents ot the bride, and Mr. and Mrs. l'eriolat stood up with the bridal couple. The bride was attired in a pearl-colored silk and brocaded satin, cut a la pnncesse, with li loin snuare train, trimmed with orange blossoms, one wore diamond soltaire ear-rings nnd diamond pin nnd bracelets. After the ceremony a supper of the most sumptuous character was served. Tlie bridal pair go iocw I ork Washington and Baltimore, and then re turn bv way of this city to Denver. where they will reside. Mv. Bische has u.st paid sl-J.OOO lor a turnishcd house in Denver, to which he win take 111s oricie, Mr. Rische's present to the bride con sisted of a watch nnd chain and Dia mond joivelry to the value of S7,800. and 11)0,000 in government bonds, home ot the finest presents were sent by Mr Rische's Denver friends, nnd did not ar rive in time for the wedding. Through China. We uassed through by-roads and fields of millet ten feet high, and could not see across the country unless where the har vest -was cut. The stooks of the large millet looked like wigwams. We heard sad tidings of the .amine: yet here there was abundance, so much that this one province could supply all the famine- stricken. A measure of millet will sup port a Chinaman for a month ; but there is no enterprise about getting the millet to the hungry, and the port was soon to be closed by the winter. There was al ways some one on tlie road, though the houses and villages were few. Now it was the po'tman. white mail-ban slung across his shoulders, his hands swinging vehemently as he went. Ihen it was travelers on horseback, armed with formidable spears with which to frighten. not to fight, tho robbers that infest the roads of the roads, peasants were trudg ing to market, n farmer was going over his land. Figures in white came near the road to watch us pass, and we knew it was a family in mourning. Some ladies crossed by a path over the fields toDav a visit to a neighbor's house; servant followed them, and they stole shy looks at the foreigners. Here the reapers were at work ; and if it was the large millet, they cut down only one stalk nt a time, and then pound them labor iouslv in eiirantic sheaves. A watch man, staff in hand, was patrolling the fields to guard his master's grain against the inroads of the poor, then we saw threshing-floor the hard, beaten circuit 01 ground, tne ears witn only short straw spread over them, and white and lazy mule dragging a stone round and round. Sometimes the grain was lashed, but never thrashed with the nail. Where roads met there was al most always a small shrine of mud. few feet high, raised to some local cod, a shabby superstition that contracted j tie comfortable look and intelli- 1 gence or tne people. tfooo Worati FARM, GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD. Orchard nnd Warden Notei. It is better to ton-dress an old nusture well set with grass than plow it up and reseed it. Plant a few fruit trees of every variety every year and your orchard will never be nil old. Dig the early crop of potatoes as soon as the vines die down. Burn the vines, thev may contain the potato-rot fungus. The best purpose to which coal ashes can be applied in town or country is in making garden walks. If well laid down no weeds or crass will crow, and by use they become ns solid and more in-able than bricks. I.et no one nick fruit who has no thought for the life of the tree and the seasons that are to follow. We have seen orchards that looked after the pick ing: as if a hail-storm had visited it. the limbs were so torn and broken. The success of a fruit grower depends pon solid reputation for honesty. Let very package he as represented and like very other of its grade. This will in sure thi commence of the commission merchants, the esteem of the consumers, ready sale of the fruit and an inward satisfaction. Farmers that have a supply of old nee rails will find them Just the thing to place next their tomato plants to keep in truit oil the ground. 1'lace the short pieces crosswise nnd the long ones on top (lengthwise) each side the plants, and you have tho cheapest, if not the best, support of the kind to be found. The Chinese are said to preserve ones for a very considerable period y cutting a circular piece out of a ripe umpkin or gourd, making an aperture irge enough to admit the hand. The nterior is then thoroughly cleaned out, he ripe grapes are placed inside nnd the cover replaced and pressed in firmly. he whole is then kept in a cool place. New varieties of plants and trees may be propagated by budding, which is, in ict, a kind ot gratling. home trees do ot take grafts kindly, the stone fruits iirticularlv so, and these are usually budded. To bud a tree a slit is made in he bark in the desired place of the shape 1 a 1. A dormant or new bud is cut 0111 a tree, the bark nnd a thin slice of the underwood being taken at the axil ol a leal, where a new bud is found. Ihe piece of bark cut off with the bud is trimmed to fit the upper cut of the T exactly and to lie smoothly under the other partof the bark, which is loosened by being raised with a oiunt, smooth in strument. The bud with the shield of bark is slipped under the loosened bark I the stock, which is bound by a figure bund use of basswood bark or linen. That is all. The barks unite and the in serted bud grows and becomes attached to the wood of the stock, just ns with a graft. Exchange. . Health Hint. For neonle with skin diseases a car bolic bath should be used. Mwavs take a bath in a warm room nnd in tepid water, unless particularly olmst. I'wenty minutes in the smoke of wool will take the pain out of the worst wound, and repeated once or twice, it will allay the worst ease of inflamma tion arising from a wound we ever saw. The prime conditions of health in a house depend upon cleanliness, pure air and unpolluted water, the prompt and thorough removal of all refuse, and the erlect exclusion ot all toul matters ans- ng outside the house. medical exchange says that life can be sustained by the following when nothingelse can betaken: Makea strong cup of coffee, add boiling milk as usual, only sweetening rather more; tike an egg, beat yolk and white together thor oughly; boil the collee, nnlk nnd sugar together, and pour it over the beaten egg in tlie cup you are going to serve it 111. liuslon Journal of viiemtstry. When a finger pricks ns though there whs a thorn 111 it, and throbs intolerably when held downward, and vet there is no external sign of mischief, the proba bilities are that a felon is in prospect, savs an exchange. Go at once to the butcher s and procure some ot the spinal marrow of a beef creature. Take a piece, say about two inches in length. nnd. having cut it open lengthwise, wrap it around the nttected hnger, covering, ot course, with cloth, in a lew hours change the piece of marrow for a fresh one, and continue to keep the finger so encased until all pain has ceased and there is no diseomtort when the marrow is removed. The finger will look strangely white anil porous, but the cure is complete, llns remedy ought to be come professional, it is vastly better than the surgeon's knife, nnd more effect tual. Temperature lit Cultivation. At the late meeting of the Michigan Pomologieal Society at Muskegon, Mr. S. B. Peck, in his address of welcome, in his remarks on temperature and reasons of failure in the cultivation of fruits and tender vegetables planted in the home stead garden, in alluding to the capacity of different kinds of matter to receive and '-etaiu the healoC the sun after night fall said: As a ruie those substances that are ihe slowest to receive heat are the slowest to part with it. Earth and water, ihe two kinds 01 matter we nave most to do with, are good illustrations; the former receives readily the heat of the sun as soon as he appears, but parts with this heat rapidly ns soon as he dis appears. Water is tlie reverse, slow to receive and to part with heat, requiring thirty times as much neat to raise it up to the same temperature. Our buildings, whether of wood or brick, hold the heat received during tho day much longer than the bare earth, and thus influence to preient frost in their bulks. An il lustration of this fact came under my ob servation at the time of a damaginir frost early in May of 1878, that destroyed most of the apples, grapes and berries, and all of the peaches, plums and cher ries in all flat open exposures near here. while all of these fruits were a complete success in an inclosu-e of eight to twelve rods on which were two two-story and two smaller buildings, with a well-filled woodshed. The influence of these wooden structures to retain heat extended to a distance of 6eventy-five feet, as I I. ad ample evidence. The same things hap pened in a much less decree on the morn ing of May 7th, inst. The success of grapes seems to depend on the amount of summer neat tney receive, jsaoeuaa that seldom and Catawbas that never ripen here in open field have come to pcriecuon two years in bucccbmuh, trained two feet distant from the build ings above mentioned. A Reminiscence of Niagara. I remember when I was but a boy that a man cot into the rapids here, having been carried down in a boat, which was broken to pieces. He had the good fortune to be dashed on a rock, to which he clung. It was at the height of the season August, if I recollect and he clung there for fully thirty-six hours. Everybody streamed out of the hotels and the village; the banks of the river, particularly on this side, were thronged with people anxious to do someihing to save him. Dozens of plans were sug- ?;ested; some attempted, but they all ailed. Thousands of dollars were of fered to anybody who would rescue him. The desperate situation of the man had been leiegrapnea over the country, and every train brought crowds of passen gers hither to witness it with their own eyes. He was encouraged by shouts from the banks, but whether he could understand anything said is doubtful. The world is said to bo sympathetic. It Is, or appears to be, unsympathetic, because the ooject for which sympathy is asked is abstract. When it is tangi ble, visible, all is changed. There was an exemplification. This poor wrctcli could be seen. He was an ordinary, un educated man; but he was a man, and the brotherhood and sisterhood of the race went out to him in pity and intense eagerness to rescue him. women ot fashion, blase club men, selfish world lings grew pale as they watched the un happy wretch, so vivid was their sym pathy. Many persons sat up all night looking across the seething, roaring waters at the small dark figure still clinging to the rock. The morning came; renewed efforts were made, hut they all miss carried. The crowd had increased: it was immense Everybody was excited. Tears were in the woman's eyes; the pallor gleamed through the rouge of some of their cheeks. Can't something be done? Must tlie poor tellow perish belore our faces? Is there no way to rescue him? Such questions were in cessantly asked; but, alas! no reply could be given. The man had good courage and great strength, lie clung to the rock with the desperation of a dying soul. Io lose his hold was to be dashed over the cataract.- Apparatus and contrivances arrived from Buffalo. New experiments and new failures. Hoarse shouts still rang across the rapids to hold on, to be of good heart. The stoutest heart that ever throbbed could not gripe that rock forever. It was wonderful liow he had endured. A fresh idea had come to the minds of half a dozen mechanics. They were laboring to throw out a hawser; every muscle was strained; every eye was bent upon their work. Suddenly the man slipped away, lie was exhausted; ho threw up his arms; he dashed toward the cataract. A low groan ns iroin one nreaiu quaked through the throng; the thousands shivered with terror. -A diuck object lor a moment longer in the waters, and then disappeared forever. There was an agony of relief. No one moved ; no one spoke for a while. All looked in the direction where the figure had been swallowed uo. Itwasth enchantment of terror; it was the chill of tragedy dis tinctly wrought winch froze every one for the moment to the spot. The old resident he has lived here forty years says that oii nn average about six persons are canicd over tlie falls every year, and that four out of the six are wholly or partly intoxicated and lose their lives byjcarelessness or reckless ness in rowing above tlie rapids, going beyond the line of danger. But lor liquor, not more than two lives, he says, would be lost nnnually. Xiayara Falls Ixlter to the HI Louis Ulubc-Danocrat. Pueblo Indians in Court. A novel scene was presented in Chief Inst ice Prince s court at .anta 1-e, ew Mexico, a short time since. Five of the so called " Indians " from the Pueblo of Lasruna were brought into court for trial. The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico are the only remnant still exist ing of theciviiied aboriginal Americans, whom Cortez found on his arrival in Mexico, living to-day exactly as they did 400 years ago; and those of Laguna are especially advanced in agriculture and mechanical arts. 1 hey are a quiet, industrious, honest nnd law-abiding peo ple, having their own municipal govern ment, and seldom, if ever, coming into the Lnited States courts. On this oc casion about thirteen were in attendance. five haying been indicted for driving a laree flock of sheen into their village. It appeared, however, on tho trial that the sheep were trespassing, and were driven 111 bv direction ot their governor, and with no ill intent. The Indians wore no head covering, and all had long, jet black hair, except two or tliree very old men, whose hair was white as snow. The I.ieu'.enant-Governor of the Pueblo had a red handkerchief arranged around his ead like a tiara; ana wore a curious large green shell suspended from his neck. I heir dresses were various 111 color. Several were in white ; some wore blouses of red cotton, others ereen. and others striped pink and white. All had high foreheads, and intelligent faces with prominent noses. While they have been at peace with a'-' mankind ."or many years, vet among th 'ir officials whom they still annually elect is a " war chief," and he was among those present. As their wit nesses understood no Spanish, a vener- ablo Pueblo was sworn ns interpreter; and the questions, first propounded in Encash, were translated into Spanish by the regular court interpreter, then into the Laguna language by the old rueblo; and tlie answers similarly translated, first into Spanish and then English, making the examination a slow one. The language is a peculiar one. ana tun of very prolonged consonant sounds and aspirations. 1 no wora ior "yes." lor instance, could best, be spelled, " Jl-h-h-h-li-ah." The Small Boy in a Corn Bin. Frank, a twelve-year-old son of Joe Williams, had a new experience Satur day. The youth was up in the new ele vator after pigeons. Looking at the large hopper through which the shelled corn passed through into the car, it oc curred to him that 11 wouia ne a pleas ant trio to ride down with the corn. He jumped on and was soon covered up in the rushing grains 01 corn. i;an iiusn man, observing that the grain had ceased flowing, ran his hand in and felt the boy's feet. They had to break tlie spout to re move him. He was almost smothered to death and black in the face. They blew in his nostrils, worked the chest, and chafed his hands; and they were re warded ior their efforts by a slight pulse. On his removal home medical aid was summoned, and the youth will survive his spouting experience. Eldora (.) Ledger, Heiuignug. Htimgang! So the German people Whisper when they hear the bell Tolling lrom some gray old steeple Death's familiar tale to tell, When they hear tho organ dirges Swelling out from chapel dome And the singers chantlii surges " Htimgang!" He is going home. Htimgang ! We are all so weary, And the willows as they wave, 1 Softly sighing, swetly dreary, Woo ns to the tranquil grave. When the golden pitcher's broken, With its dregs and with its foam, Aud the tender words are spoken, " Htimgang!" Wo are going home. A. J. H. Dugannt. ITEMS OF INTEREST There is not a single national bank in Mississippi. Japan has forty-three Christian churches. Seven years ago it had none. The manufacturing business is so dull ' in England that ten mills do not make a cent. When a man uses his cane to heln him walk rapidly it becomes a hurrycane. Lowell Uoaner. There is an establishment in New Haven which manufactured 22,421,772 fish-hooks last year. The Japanese think paradise is en closed by a high board fence; and so does the small boy in watermelon time. The boy who lias a love for swimmins and a nervous mother is one of the most unhappy beings on the face of the crth. We hear of men sowing wild oats, but who ever heard of a woman sewing anything but tares? St. Louis Times Journal. - The Emperor Alexander, of Russia, is devout, well intf ntioned. nnd physically very weak. He lives simply mid is given to long walks. The United States half-eagie contains 116 grains of pure gold, equivalent to $5; the British sovereign, 113 grains, equivalent to 94.87 of United Sta'ca money. A young man went into a restaurant. the other day. and, remarking that Time is money," added that as he hud half an hour to spare, if the proprietor was willing he'd take it out in pie. A Norristown man who was advised to go to the Hot Springs for the benefit of his health, said blamed if he was going to do it, as it was about as much as he could do to worry through the hot summers. A'orristown Herald. We are told that not one American woman faints to-day where thirty years ago twenty-five fainted. Boston Herald. Nothing like variety! Ihey got tired fainting in the same place, probably. Men are not so easily latigued hy it. Jloston Courier. One of a series of Indian mounds. twenty-five feet in diameter, has been unearthed by the Albany (111.) scien tists. Curiously carved drinking ves sels of stone were discovered, and skulls and bones, evidently belonging to nn ancient race of mound builders, weie found in profusion. A British iirmv captain and two lieutenants have been fined $1)0 each for breaking into the bedrooms of two other oflicers and sprinkling pepper 011 the carpets in order to make them sneeze funnily when they returned. The com plainant was the landlady, whose furni ture had been damaged. The blind pacer, Sleepy Tom, slackers his speed toward the end of each heat as soon as he hears the crowd yell, lor lie thinks he has finished. This ten dency has to be met by talking and with the whip, nnd even then counts seriously against his success, although he has made the best time on record. Immense pumping machines were or dered by the Hungarian government of English linns for the rebuilding of Szc gedin, nt an expense of over $500,000; but this money proves to have been en tirely wasted. It has become evident, says'tlie Szeyeai A'an.'o, that Szegedin can be rendered' dry only by the hilling of tlie river that caused the inundation. For the money these enormous pumps cost the banks of the river might have been fortified, and future overflows to that extent guarded against. Here is an incident of railroad travel in Hungary. A mail train came to a sudden top in a tract 01 open country. The passengers thrust their heads out of the windows to see what had happened. A pig had leaped from a van and was skiiiTvinir awav. The train employees joined in a pursuit, and the fugitive was hotly chased for twenty minutes. Then an returned 10 me waning irmn tu cpi the official who had charge of the bag gage vouchers, and the delay was pro longed, but in vain, for him to come back. At tho end of the journey the passengers could not get their trunks until next day, when the voucher man arrived. An Extraordinary Case. Some twenty-three miles distant from Kingstown, Ind., in a German settle ment, there is a young woman, some twenty-one years of age, daughter of Casper Schmidt, who is to ail appear ances quite dead, having been in that state for nearly twelve months past. She awi.kens, however, once every tweuty four hours, precisely at ten o'clock nt night, and will converse with the family and others ior about twenty minutes, when she will again relapse into the comatose state, and remain so until ten o'clock the following night, nt which hour she revives to the minute, throw ing out her arms and folding her hands together, and raising up her shoulders until tho spectators imagine that her bones are cracking. Sho remains in that laborious state for the space of ten minutes, when she comes to a perfect possession of her faculties. A singular feature of the case is, the young lady recollects well if any prom ises have been made her tho previous night, and will be very trcwul for a time if they are not fulfilled; but if the things are brought her sho makes useot noneot them, as she eats and drinki little, or nothing at all. She could never be per suaded to attempt to eat any food but three times during thirty-two davs. and then put the three together she did not eat any more than a child a year old would take. After conversing a few minutes this remarkable young lady will . suddenly clasp her hands together, throw her arms into the same manner as when awakening, nnd will return into the siime somnolent state as be full: until ten o'clock the following night.