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HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publishes
NILi DESPEPANDtM. Two Dollars per Annum. VOL. XI. HIDGWAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., THUKSDAY, MAY 19, 1881. NO. 13. 1 Along a Slope of Grass. Alons a Blopo of grass Bhe came; Ami as elio walked, a virgin eliame tit up licr fnco'B snow with flame. Full slight and small she was, and bent Iter lillio nook shyly, as she went, Iu some ehild-likc bewilderment. Gold was the color of hor hair; Tlic color of her eyes was vair; The Bun shouc on her everywhere. Oh fair she was as hawthorn flowers! It seemed the flush of the syiriug hours Lay on livr cheeks, and summer showers Had V'nihed her in a sweet content A virginal faint ravixhmcnt Of peace; for with her came a scent Of flowers piml.fil with a childish liau? In sua'C f'li'vutton fairyland. Where a'.l arow tho sweet years stand. And all the creatures of tho wood (Vo.it from their leafy solitude, An 1 wcn lu iiii,' around her stood, The fawns ciune to her, unafraid, And on her band their muzzles laid; And Muttering buds ilew down and stayed, Jvlin Faynv. AN INVITATION TO BREAKFAST. ' Walk out to my bouse, tiu.il have breakfast with me some morning." Such was the invitation given to me one day by Mr. Robertson, a genial, middle-agr il solicitor to -whom I was articled, in the thriving town of Abboy ton. Now, I had only been articled for a few weeks ; and what I had seen of Mr. Robertson in business, made me wish to know him and his in their private life ; hence I was much delight ed to have this opportunity of gratify ing my wish. A few days afterward, waking up and finding a glorious sum mer sua streaming into my room, I speedily decided that this was just the kind of morning on which I should ac cept the invitation to breakfast at Ab bey Grove ; and in a few minutes I was on my way thither. Abbey Grove was situated about two miles j'imiii the town, and consisted of a small cluster of villas, built in a prettily situated spot, which, generations ago, had formed part of the grounds of an old abbey. The only remains of this ancient building, however, were a few yards of crumbling wall, with here and there vestiges of what at one time had been traeeiied windows; these, with numerous mounds of stones and ma sonry, were nil that was now left to tell of w bat hud been there centuries ago. Most, of these mounds were now cov ered with grass and shrubs and trees, and thus formed a delightfully secluded retreat, which the inhabitants of Abbey Grove villus enjoyed iu common. The invigorating charms of an early walk on a summer's morning need no description. The pure air, the genial sun, the twittering birds, the spnrkling dew, and soft low breeze, all tend to ex hilarate one's spirits and to make the day pleasnnter and happier throughout. All these experiences were mine on the ' day I write of. As I approached Abbey Grove and saw the houses peeping from out the surrounding trees, I commenced wondering as to what kind of a residence would be occupied by Mr. Robertson, how it would be furnished, what kind of people his wife and family would be like, and the kindred things that you speculate upon when going to visit a house for tho iirst time. Last, but by no means least, as my walk continued, I wondered what kinil of a breakfast thero would be to apjiease the appetite stimulated by the breeze. I walked down the short avenue lead ing to the houses, and then began to wonder which of the half-dozen villas I was bound for. This small com munity dispensed with numbers to their houses, nor did they even distinguish them by the ambitious and ridiculous names which you see stuck up on most suburban residences. No; nothing savor ing co of the town for this group of country residents; they all called their several houses by the common name of Abbey Grove; and the stranger had to take his chance of having to go to each of the houses in turn, before he found the particular one he sought. Fortune favored me, however, by sending across my path a traveling directory in the shapo of the local milkman; and in re spouse to my inquiry as to which house was Mr. Robertson's, I received the straightforward reply: " This 'ere one as I've jist come from, sir." Walking up tho path I found the door invitingly open, and tho housemaid putting the finishing touches on the bell-handle. "Muster is not down yet, sir," she replied to my inquiry as to whether he was at Lome, which, considering the time of day, really appeared an absurd ques tion to ask tho girl; but we get accus tomed to use stereotyped phrases under ome circumstances. ' Oh, then, I will come in and wait," I replied. " What name shall I say, sir?" asked the giil. " Just tell him Mr. Brooks has called, and ho will understand." So saying the girl showed me into a snug little breakfast-room, where tho sunbeams and the fresh morning air seemed to be vying with each other as to which should have possession of the room, with such friendly rivalry were they streaming through two wide French windows, which opened upon a tastefully arranged lawn and flower-beds outside. While noticing these things the housemaid had gone upstairs to an nounce me, when something like the following dialogue ensued: " Please, ma'am, Mr. Brooks is down stairs." " Mr. Brooks ! Who is he ?" was the response, in a muffled feiuale voice. " I don't know, ma'am," the maid re plied. " I've never seen him here be fore. But he's a young gentleman, and says he'll wait till master comes down." " Whoever can he be, and what can he want, bothering here, at this time of day ? " continued the muffled voice; and thereupon the door was shut. Now, this was not exactly pleasant to me;, but when I reflected that most probably Mrs. Robertson would be un acquainted with her husband's invitation to me, I thought it best not to be offended; so I commenced examining the pictures on the walls. They were not very interesting, and I soon con cluded my inspection, and looked round for something else to occupy the mo ments, which began to hang rather heavily. The newspaper of the pre vious day was upon a small table by the window, so I took that up, just to pass away the time, and I was soon listlessly perusing the advertisements. I had not been sitting thus above a minute or two, when I heard a slight rustling, as of a lady's dress; simultaneously caine three or four light footsteps through the window into the room; and before I ?ould look up from my paper, or rise from my seat, a musical voice accosted me with " Good-morning, uncle; here is your buttonhole bouquet." I started up in no little surprise at this greeting, which was evidently not intended for me ; and there stood before me a fairy-like maiden of some sixteen summers, her brown hair falling loosely from a daintily-shaped head ; her cheeks aglow with the healthy morning air she had been enjoying, and deepened, too, by a rosy blush, when she discovered her greeting had been unwittingly ad dressed to a stranger. Sho was stand ing before me, holding out tho little knot of flowers destined for her uncle's button-hole how I envied her uncle ! a very picture of health and life and happiness and beauty. Her expression of unstrained enjoyment had changed iu a moment to one of embarrassment and dismay, mingled with a gleam of amusement in her bright eyes as the humor of the awkward situation we were in broke upon her. An instan taneous mutual agreement seemed to flash between us. We both broke into a merry littlo laugh ; and I have ofteu wandered what would have happened if we had not adopted this course, if, for instance, the young lady had passed on with a dignitied coldness, and simple apologies and bows had passed between us 1 Our sudden introduction was, however, not destined to have this sud den ending- In a few moments wo were chatting away like old friends. I fancied my fairy seemed to be actually pleased when I announced that I was going to stay to breakfast ; and I had almost summoned up courage to ask her to present me in reality with the flowers she had undesignedly offered to me, when the entrance of the servant with the completing dishes for the breakfast table served as an excuse for her to leave the room. She had scarcely gone through the dnor, when I heard again the greeting, "Good-morning, uncle," followed this time by an unmistakable sound, which ma.le mo long more than ever to be that girl's uncle ! The door opened once more. I stepped forward to meet my employer, but suddenly paused, as a tall gentleman entered the room whom had never seen before in my life. He stood looking inquiringly at me ufter a sharp " Good-morning." I was too embarrassed to make any response. My first thought Was : " He is some visitor ;" but in a few moments the awful truth dawned across my mind, that this was in reality the owner of the house I was in, aud that by some means or other I had got into the wrong one. The situation was tremendous. I am naturally a cool character ; but I was so taken by surprise and chagrin, that I could only mutter some confused apology about having been invited to breakfast by Mr. Robertson ; that I had been directed to this house by some miserable misunderstanding ; that I humbly apologized for my intrusion, and hoped he would pardon it. So speaking I made a lrantic dash at my hat.maddened at my stupidity, at the loss of my breakfast, and still more at tho thought of never seeing or speaking again to that charming little lady, who, iu less than five minutes, I had found I was absurdly in love with 1 I said a hurried "good-morning," and was trying to make a ghastly at tempt at a smile as I left the room when, would you believe it ? that tall, dark man burst out into a loud laugh. I felt ready to knock him down. I knew how my stupidity would be gayly discussed at that breakfast-table, before her, and I felt my discomfiture and humiliation deeply; but this open mer riment an my expense maddened me. A strange calm sucoeeded this storm. It was caused by some words uttered by my tormentor. "You really must for give me; I could not refrain from laugh ing. My name is Robinson. Your friend Mr. Robertson lives in one of the other houses. We frequently get par cels and letters, and even callers coming to the wrong house; but in all my ex perience we have never had so amusing a mistake so early in the day as this one." Now this explanation toned down my anger considerably; but the words which followed were like balm to my troubled heart. " Mr. Robertson will have finished breakfast by now. I can not think of allowing you to go. Do me the favor of remaining here and breakfasting with us this morning." So saying ho took my hat out of my hand and led me into the room again. Of cours? it did not need much persuasion to make me stop. Two minutes before I had been ready to knock this man over; I now thought him the most kind and considerate fellow in the world. Of course the breakfast was delight ful. I found Mr. Robinson and his wife sensible, genial, kind-hearted peo ple. I found their niece . even more sensible, more genial and more kind hearted than they were; and when, after breakfast, I accompanied her and Mr. Robinson into their pretty flower garden, I received from her a rosebud for my buttonhole, which I kept for some years afterward. When saying good-bye I was perplexed by thinking how I should manage to see her again; it must be contrived somehow I men tally resolved. Upon returning ti town I lost no time in explaining "the sit uation" to my worthy employer, Mr. Robertson, who rallied me good-naturedly upon the mistake, and upon what the consequences might be ! Next week I was invited to a picnio at Mr. Robin son's, and went not only to it, but like wise to Mr. Robinson's house again and again before his niece returned to her home. Four years have passed since that in vitation to breakfast was given me; and that "fairylike girl" is now my wife. The local milKman, bless him, got a handsome " tip" upon our wedding day. LADIES' DEPARTMENT. Lessons In Love IMnklnn. Don't love too many at once. Don't do your spooning in public. Recollect that a wedding-ring on your finger is worth a good many of them in your mind. Try to find ort by some means whether your intended knows how to cam a decent living for two. Bo reasonable; don't, expect a man working for $8 a week to furnish you with reserved seats at the opera every other night. Don't be afraid to show the man of your choice that you love him pro vided, of course, ho loves you. Love is a double-sided sort of concern, and both have a part to play. Don't try to bring too many suitors to your feet. They have feet as well as you have, and you may see one pair of feet walking off from you some day you would be very glad to call back. Keep your temper, if your expect your other-half-in-law to keep his. If he doesn't suit you give him ticket-of leave. If he does suit you don't expect him to put up with your humors. Deal carefully with bashful lovers ; lead them gradually to the point (of proposal, of course), but don't let them suspect what you are at, or they might faint ou your hands, or go crazy on the spot. It is said lovers' quarrels always end with kisses. This is partly true ; but if you are not careful those little spats you indulge in may end in the kisses von covet being given to some other givl ! If it is possible, try to suit your sis ters, cousins, aunts, grandfathers, neigh bors, friends and acquaintances when you happen to fall in love. ' If yon can't suit them all, don't worry, for the thing has never been done yet. If you use powder, don't give your self away. For instance, it would be well to spread a handkerchief over the shoulder of his broadcloth before you lean thereon. He will be too green, depend on it, to suspect the reason. If hi.j mustache happens to look a little powdery, there aue several ways in which it could be brushed off. Don't imagine that a husband can live as a lover does on kisses and moonlight. He will come home to his meals hungry as a bear, and any little knowledge of cookery you can pick up during courtship is about the best pro vision you can make for future happi- UC:,S. Remember that nature has put every man under the necessity of having a mo her, and that the latter is not in any way to blame if sho is regarded as the bitter part of a sugar-coated matrimo nial pi J. If yon feel in duly bound to be hrr sworn enemy postpone this duty till you know something about her. Don't seek adviee iu love affairs from an old maid who has been crossed in love, a bachelor who has been jilted, a woman who married her husband's pocketbook, or a man who happens to tie henpecked. Don't confide in your girl friends; to keep a secret in a love affair would kill them. Don't consult your minister; he'll have the marriage fee iu view. If you go to your family physician he will say your liver is ull'eeted in place of your heart. If you must get instructions from somebody why not ask your mother how she used to manage things with you father? True love didn't run any smoother in old times than it does to-day, and, since she knows how it is herself, we can't think just now of any better way to advise you. Fashion Note.. Rows of feather stitch are set between the machine stitching on the backs of gloves. The name pagoda is applied to the sleeves which are wide and turn back at the wrist. An effort to bring back the laced shoe ha been made, bui, buttons still remain in favor. Waistcoats are still worn with basques. Tho style is too pretty to be hastily abandoned. Tubular sashes of knit worsted, end ing in tassels, are to be worn by children this summer. Waists are now cut of crosswise ma terial that they may be tight enough without wrinkling. Little shoulder capes are all the wrap that will be needed with woolen dresses this summer. Two deep plaitings and an apron over skirt lorm the skirt of Paris dresses in tended for every-day use. Tho outside garments worn with morning, costumes are longer than those which accompany carriage dress. Pointed waists are easily converted into well-fitting basques bj the addition of deep straight pieces. Some short skirts instead of being kilt plaited on the edge are shirred and then tucked to make a flounce. Blue-white lace is coming in again, but it is so much less becoming than cream-white that its adoption will be slow. Sarah Bernhardt' s fashion of wearing a coke bonnet will be generally follow. ed in this country this summer. An elastic is put into the tops of some 01 tne new undressed ma gloves, ana frills of lace are also rewn upon them. Garnet grapes with jet leaves veined ; l i is i 1 1 i l i wim goiu mane up me Boinewuai too brilliant design of one of the beaded laces. Girdlaa Tininfal in front. aMwnfn unfli surplice waists. The back of the dress is maae perfectly plain ana Has no belt lit all TILE FARM ASD HOUSEHOLD. Heeding to ttrnt.. Before sowing grass seed the farmer should make certain of having a good seed-bed. More mistakes are made con cerning the preparation of land for grass than for any other crop. It is no un common thing to see a farmer simply running over a plot, where potatoes were grown the previous year, with a cultivator, then following with a harrow. We have seen extreme cases where even the harrow was omitted, the seed sown immediately after the cultivator then simply bushing in the seed, leaving it to make its way as best it can. Others will use a one-horse plow to turn under the corn butts, getting in the seed with as little labor as possible. In our ex perience the best practice is to plow a good deep furrow, followed by a thorough harrowing, ami after sowing to busli the seed in and use tho roller faithfully. When timothy and redtop are sown it is best to use a bushel of red top, a peck or eleven pounds of timo thy, also adding six pounds of red clover, which amounts to a very liberal seeding and should yield a fair crop of hay about the first of September. American Cultivator. Feedlnt liar from the tnck. A correspondent of the Country Gen tleman writes: A careful observer is frequently surprised at the wanton wastefulness of many farmers. Such wastes occur more noticeably in the manner of feeding, perhaps, than in any other branch of farm work. For this reason I would like to refer to what ap pears to me a shiftless practice that of ff eding hay from the stack upon the meadow. Farmers are generally careful to save ine entire crop ot Lay. 1-jven after hay is pitched from the windrow or hay-cock, the horse rake is put in motion, and the Takings are cared for. Thus there is a neatly finished job, and the hay is all saved. But there is not the same general care in feeding. If it pays to be so very careful to save the hay when we are making it, here is no reason why we should not be very care ful to avoid wastefulness in feeding it. It always seemed to me that the feed ing of hay upon the ground involves a great waste. If one feeds out of doors it would be well to provide boxes or racks. There are those in this section who have comfortable barns, and yet they persist in feeding upon the meadows. There is less waste of food and manure when cattle are fed in well- arranged stables; there is less exposure and better health. The tramping of ground in tho warm, open weather which frequently occurs in our winter seasons, robs the soil of much vitality. luese points are severally opposed to tho practice of feeding upon the mead ows in winter. Drond Wheels (or Fnrm Wagons. The surface over which loads are ilrawn upon the farm is soft as a rule. and a wheel with a broad tiro will not sink so far as a narrow one. A load of manure or hay can be drawn across plowed or other mellow giound upon a wagon which has tires four inches wide when it would be impossible to do so with the old narrow wheels, often less than two inches wide. The usually heavy, muddy, country roads of early spring are much more passable with the wide wheels than tho narrow ones; and even upon smooth, hard roads the dif ference in tho draft is so slight as to be no argument against the use of wide tires. Most of the teaming upon the farm is upon soft ground, and the light draft of broad tired wagons should make them preferable, because they are a saving of animal strength. One of the first things that strikes an intelligent European in coining to this country is the very frail look of our vehicles, especially the narrow wheels. While these may be desirable in road wagons, those for farm use may well be with broad tires. Con tractors for road work always use broad tired carts, as they find them most profitable. American Agriculturist. A Itnt-rroof Corn-Crib. A correspondent of the Practical Former gives the following directions for making that most necessary of farm buildings, a rat-proof corn-crib: Build a good substantial house, twelve feet wide, eight feet high and as long as you want it. This will give you two cribs, one on either side. Put your building on stone pillars, one foot above ground. Side up with lath 2 1-2x1 inches of hard wood (I used oak), putting them on up ana aown, oemg careiui to nave mem just half an iach apart. The cables. and any part or building that does not come :d contact, with the corn, can be sided i'p with common pine boards; for bottoms 0i cribs, laths lengthwise, one half inch apart; balance of floor between cribs lay tight, of pine boards. My building has a string of ties between the sill and plate to nail to, and cross ties to hold the building together, Every eight feet on these ties spike a good strong studding or narrow plank across them lengthwise of the building as far from plate as you want the width of top of crib; then set up studding irom noor, as many as will be sum ciently strong for crib; mortice the end in floor, gain the top into the horizontal studding about three-quarters of an inch, then lath the inside of the crib with any kind of lath, just close enough to keep in the oorn, commencing ten inches from the floor to leave room for the corn to come down into the trough, putting these lath on lengthwise, men put a common sized door in the end, between the cribs. You can put a lock on the door, and all is secure (I did not lock mine and gained something by it, as I found a stray mit ten in the crib on a cold morning). To get the corn in the crib make door above the plate the size vou want them. the same as dormer windows, and hang me aoors on ana u wm be completed. If any one wishes to have a cranarv. they can use one side of the building for that purpose and the other for crib. The size of my cribs is three feet in the clear at bottom and five feet at top, but i am wen satisnea tney might be much wider and still tne corn would cure well Any one wanting wider cribs can build tha house wide enough to suit. I have used this crib for about ten years and can recommend it as an entire success The secret of tflis crib is putting the lath on up and down ; this gives no place for the rats to stand on to cut holes, and the building being one foot above ground they cannot reach the bottom. We are infested with swarms of gray rats and there is not a building on the farm from which we can keep them out except tho corn crib. Wo keep com over a year until the new crop is gath ered in perfect safety. It eel pen. VeaIi Stew. Cut four pounds of veal into strips three inches long and one inch thick; peel twelve large potatoes and cut them into slices one inch thick; spread a layer of veal on the bottom of the pot, sprinkle in a little salt and pep per, then a layer of potatoes, then a layer of veal seasoned as before. Use up the veal thus: over the last layer of veal put a layer of slices of salt pork, and over the whole a layer of potatoes. Pour in water till it rises an inch over the whole; cover it close, heat it fifteen minutes and simmer it an hour. RAsrnEiutY Jam. To every quart of ripe raspberries allow a pound of the best loaf-sugar. Put sugar and berries into a pau and let them stand two or three hours; then boil them in a porcelain kettle, taking off the scum carefully. When no more scum rises mash them and boil them to smooth marmalade. When cold put them in glass tumblers. Chocolate Pi-dping. Soak a half pound of gelatine with a little cold water; put it in a pan with a quarter pound grated chocolate, one ounce sugar and one pint of milk; stir till it boils. Break the yolks of four eggs in a basin; stir with a wooden spoon. When the chocolate boils allow it to stand one minute, then pour it on the yolks, return to the pan and stir till it thickens, not etting it boil; pour into a wet mold. Wedding Cake. One pound and on coffee cup of flour, one pound of brown sugar, one and one-eighth pounds of butter, one-half pound of candied cit ron, tour pounds of currants, lour pounds of stoned and chopped raisins, nine eggs, one tablespoonful each of ground cloves, cinnamon, mace and nutmeg. Fruit should be rolled iu flour before stirring in. Farina Jkliv. Boil one quart of new milk; while boiling sprinkle in slowly a quarter of a pound of farina. Continue the boiling from half an hour to a whole hour, season with five ounces of sugar and a teaspoonful of vanilla. When done turn into a mold and placo it ou ice to stiffen. Servo it with whipped cream. Gigantic Locomotives. Ten iron giants for the Pennsylvania Railroad company will be built this summer at Altoona. They will be much larger and more powerful than ordinary passenger engines, and are to be built for the particular purpose of making up time on portions of the road where there are long stops. On tho fast run between New York and Philadelphia, for instance, the time allowed is so short that when thero are unusual stops letting oil' and getting on passengers the ordinary engines cannot make it up. Hence a monster locomotive, known on the road as "No. 10," has been built as an experiment and tried on different trains to see what can be done. The result has been satisfactory, but there are many improvements hat suggest themselves which will be carried out in the construction of the other heavy en gines that are to follow. In the slang of the railroad yard No. 10 is known as ' Long-legged loco." This comes from the driving wheels she rides upon. which stand six feet and six inches abovo the rails, or higher than a tall man with a silk hat on. She has two pairs of drivers forged for her by Herr hrupp. the famous cannon maker. In this is supposed to have born solved the highest aim that can bo sought in a locomotive to pull tho heaviest trains over all grades against stiff winds and with the least possible liability toward hot boxes or low steam on the quickest schedule time. Her engineer says: one goes line a mm and rides like a rocking-chair." Ever since it has been running this engine has been making a milo in fifty-seven seconds on up grade with a long train in tow without getting heated. She makes move than a mile a minute and " keeps cool." Of course there is a great consumption of fuel. In 180 miles 12,000 pounds of coal are used up. 'lhe water tank contains 3,000 gal lons, iOO more than is usually earned. Everything else is on a proportionately large scale. Only the delay in getting boilers sufficiently large has prevented the completion ot two others of nearly the same pattern. 7 lulaaelpiHa Junes, Curious Habits. Great men often fall into curious habits, which they find it impossible to conquer. Augustus Mare, one of the ripest scholars in the English pulpit. and a refined gentleman, when he had ended a train of hard thinking, would spin around on his heel a few seconds and then resume work again. Neander, the famous church historian, could not lecture to his students unless he had a goosequill to pull to pieces as he talked, and it was necessary to sup ply a second quill when the first was completely stripped. William Wilberforce became so ab sorbed in conversation in evening com panies as wholly to forget himself. He would lift himself from his chair in his earnestness, move forward a little, and gradually approach perilously near to the edge. It was a tradition in fashionable English circles that he had fallen several times to the floor. But in families where he was loved it was the custom to station one of the older children be hind his chair to move it forward as he moved and guard him against peril Some who afterward became leaders in English society retained among the pleasantest memories of their childhood the recollection of the services rendered of this brilliant and eloquent converser. For children, a nearly infallible peptio corrective is a last-day passed ia cheer ful out-door exercise. The King of South American Cnafnf. It was not until I had been within its direct influence that I learned that Tequendama was a potentiality in the United States of Colombia.. Our own Niagara fills its unmatched picture in this brond world no more despotically then Tequendama does its own in South America. It may be as well to admit here that, while observing the latter fall, I was far from being at my ease. Tho fact is, men never manage, whatever they may combine to say, to stand wholly at ease in tho presence of a great catar act. In the midst of an unrest so mighty and so ceaseless no spectator can him self be entirely ot rest. I he sublimity of Tequendama is in its depth, as that of Niagara is in its width and immensity of volume. A full from a great height is Tedueudama not a clear fall, however, because the Salto itself is divided into two wcll- dotined leaps. One, the minor leap, is a small fall striking on a ledge, which its volume conceals, twenty-seven loot eight inches below tho bed of tho Bo gota, the river which feeds the cataract. The other, the greater leap, starts in foam from tho ledge with what seems no longer rushing water save for the jets of spray that now and then spit out only to fall back after a while, like well-trained skirmishers, into the main body. Outside of suc'a erratic move ments, Tequendama ends by broadening into a strong, glistening mass, the lower descent of which is lost in tho mist that never leaves it, winter or sum mer. After rebounding from the ledge, it dashes itself forward and downward to commit that solitary form of suicide, which, in all the annals of men, finds no detractor. The width of Tequendama depends. of course, upon the breadth of the Bo gota as it fronts the cliff. The measure of the Bogota is the full measure of the fall, and that measure seems very limit ed in comparison with the far vaster proportions of tho gulf itself. Any muscular man on so much solid surface might easily cross it at a dozen jumps within half that distance of tho cataract. Its depth is mighty. If not the great est, it suffices to make Tequendama one of the deepest among the talis ol the earth Ruckon Foss in Norway, 800 feet, and Lulca, in Sweden, 0(H) feet, alcne probably surpassing it. The pub lished accounts, as a rule, place it at 000 feet, although the real descent, varying between Humboldt's estimate, by drop ping, of f85 feet, and Baron Gros's by measure, of 479 feet, is doubtless nearer 500 feet. Even at this last figure, Te quendama isnuore than three times as deep as Niagara, which is said to touch bottom at 100 feet. Tho bed of tho chasm is 102 feet lower than the foot of tho fall itself. Kern York Mail. How to Preserve the Teeth. The following directions for the care of tho teeth hiivo been issued by the medical committee of the National Dental hospital, London: (1.) The teeth should bo cleaned at least once a day, the best time being night the last thing. For this purpose use a soft brush, on which take a little soap, and then some prepared chalk, brushing up and down and across. Thero is rarely any objection to the friction causing the gum to bleed slightlv. (2.) Avoid all rough usage of the teeth, such as cracking nuts, biting thread, etc., as by so doing even good, sound teeth may bo injured. ( J.) hen decay is hist observed ad vice should bo sought. It is the stop ping in a small holo that is of the greatest service, though not unfre quentlv a largo filling preserves the teetti for years. I I.) It is ot the greatest importance that children from four years aud up ward should have their teeth frequently examined by the dental surgeon, to see that tho first set, particularly tho back teeth, are not decaying too early, and to have the opportunity of timely treat ment for the regulation and preservation of the second set. (5.) Children should be taught to rinse the mouth night and morning, and to begin the use of the tooth-brush early (likewise the toothpick). (0.) With regard to the food of chil dren, to those who are old enough whole meal, bread, porridge and milk should bo given. This is much more wholesome and substantial food than white bread. (7.) If tho foregoing instructions were carried out, comparatively few teeth would have to be extracted. (.'old Mining iu California. Part of the town of Sonora, Tuo lumne county, Cal., is built on a kill. Several gold bearing quartz veins run through this kill. These for thirty years .1. 1. 1 1 - S A 1 pusi nave ucen woriteu ai various limes, afterward abandoned and then taken up and worked again. Sometimes they yielded richly, and again not at all. They were of the character known as " pocket veins." As many as ten years have elapsed when not a pick has been struck on " Sonora Hill." Years ago the writer took up, and for a season worked, a portion oi the hill without success. Within the last two years out of this same portion $300,000 have been taken, of which $200,000 was " all in a bunch." This fact may give an idea of the uncer tain character of gold mining as it ex ists to-day in California. This find has made no noise outside of its own lo cality. Had it happened in a new Ter ritory it would have been published from one end of the country to the other. Such deposits still exist through' out the entire gold-bearing region of California. But no one need rush thither in the hope of finding them. It is simply hunting the proverbial needle in the haystack. Men may spend their lives in such search, and perhaps when they have worked through barren quartz to within a foot of the " pocket," death or discouragement may overtake them, and after a lapse of time the next adven turer may reap the reward which should have been theirs. There is a great amount of gold under the soil in Call fomia, but it's very difficult to say just Motto of the good collector Nevei put off until to-morrow what can be dunned to-day. E1V YORK'S 1KUIT SHirs. SoiliftMnnr About llief'nraoe of Fruit that i'mae to I lie Itlcironoll. A IjTew York reporter in quest of in formation about the business done in the importation of fruit obtained some in teresting facts from Major Bostwick, in spector of customs at Burling slip. The consumption of fruit in New York is said to be greater than in any other city in the world. The imports at Burling slip have increased 300 per cent, in the last twelve years, and now there are an nually received about two and one-half millions of bunches of bananas, thirty two million oranges, ten million cocoa nuts and about three million pineapples. Last year 199 cargoes of fruit were land ed there, and this business is crowded into about five months, from March to the end of July. Major Bostwick says that he has seen twenty-one vessels in at one timo. The juicy fruit of the West Indies in of so perishable a nature that it in essential to the trade that cargoes shall bo landed and marketed as soon as they arrive. Major Bostwick lias known a whole cargo of pineapples, which arrived in marketable condition, to be spoiled in one night, when the air was hot and humid and a thunder-storm came on. The loss by decay last season amounted to about twenty-five per cent, on pineapples, something less on ba nanas and almost forty per cent, on oranges. The manner in which oranges are gathered greatly affects their condi tion. When they are beaten from the trees with poles, so as to be broken f rom their stems, they do not keep their soundness nearly so long as when they are clipped from tho stem,- leaving a small portion adhering. The shorter the passage the better tho condition in which the fruit arrives. If the passage takes seven days tho condition is first rate; if ten days the average time the condition is fair; if tho passage takes a longer time tho chance of getting good fruit is poor. For this reason the schooners of from 100 to 180 tons regis ter engaged in tho trade have lines liko yachts, and skim tho water at racing speed. But even a fast sailer, if caught by northwesters, will sometimes be de layed so as to lose her cr.rgo. The red-skinned bananas come from Baraeon, on tho northeastern coast of Cuba; the yellow ones from the island of Jamaica. Tho banana plant bears but one bunch, and is killed when that is gathered. Fresh plants are raised from tho seed slips which are found clustered around tho base of every bunch. They take from six to eight months to produce mature fruit, and tho bunches are cut for export while still green. Coeoannts are obtained at tho samo ports, and the usual method of loading vessels is to put iu first a load of coeoannts and then a layer of banana bunches above them. A plat form is then put over, and on this an other layer of banana bnnchei:'? placed. The hatches aro kept open c3 much as possible in order to keep the fruit cool, and if the run takes only ten or twelve days the bananas are lii, fur market when thev arrive. A schooner will bring from 20,000 to 50,000 coeoannts and from 2,000 to 3,000 bunches of bananas at a time. Pineapples come from the Bahama islands. The plant is killed with the gat hering of the single fruit that it bears, and is reproduced by planting seed slips, as in the case of bananas. The ordi nary pineapples are piled together in the hold, and the loss from decay is often very great. The sugarloaf pine is a fine, juicy variety that is very perish able, and to have it in a condition at all marketable a good deal of the busb must be taken with the fruit. The oranges brought to this port in sailing vessels come from Porto Rico. They are stored on platforms in layers, each about fifteen inches thick, from 300,000 to 400,000 coming in a single cargo. Any delay on tho passage causes great loss from decay of fruit. Orange and coeoauut trees are perennial bear ers, and well-established plantations last a long time. lhe business of fruit growing is pre carious. I he season lor hurricanes is ust when the banana plants are young, and it is not a rare thing for a planta tion to bo destroyed in a day. The orange groves also suffer greatly from storms at times, and are also injured by the attacks of a fly, whose larvio im bed themselves in the rind of t'ae fruit and the bark of the trees. The chances of a good pineapple crop in the Bahamas are said to bo so precarious that some times the negro planters working small plantations are reduced to an exclusive fruit diet, which is as near as one gets to starvation there. Burling slip is not only the landing place of the fruit, but also a market for its sale. There is no necessity to an nounce arrivals. As soon as a cargo is iu dealers cluster around it. Fruiterers, marketmen, grocers and street peddlers are thero, and what ono dealer will not take another will. Fruit that is ' too ripe to be taken by a storekeeper is taken at a low price by a street Arab, who Degms to cry his stoclc as soon as he leaves the wharf, and before the day is over it will be not only sold but eaten. The trade is active from the latter part of March into summer, but wlien the peach and berry crops get into the market the West India fruit trade is flattened out as if by a storm of the tropics. The value of the green fruit imports of New York was $4,192,831 in 1880, paying duties amounting to $745,437. A Bird Turned luto a Lamp. A writer in an English paper says that the stormy petrel possesses a singular amount of oil, and has the power of throwing it from the mouth when terrified. It is said that this oil, which is very pure, is collected in St. Hilda by catching the bird on its egg, where it sits very closely, and making it disgorge the oil into a vessel. The bird is then released and another taken. The inhabitants of the Faroe island make a. curious use of this bird when young and very fat, by simply drawing a wick through the body and lighting it at the end which projects from tho beak. This unique lamp will burn for a consider able time.