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-7 r"v .J. r i Wit HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL. DESPERANDUM. Two Dollars per Annum. VOL. XI, RIDGWAY, ELK COUNTY, FA:; THURSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1881; NO. 24. Tho Well. Park and cool the water lies - In the old timo-honored well; Deep, down deep tho bucket flioH, And how often, who can tell ? For the schoolloy, hot with play, For tho laborer tired with toil, Tor tho traveler on his way, Dotli the tirelrss rope uncoil. And how often, who can tell ? Or, who first tho gracious draught Drew up from tho bounteous well ? Or, who sunk the ancient shaft ? They are duet, who slaked their thirst At tho littlo silvor fount In tho wild woods, where it first Called the huntsman to dismount. Thny are dust, the pioneers, Who the strong-arm forest broke, Whore tho old well now appears, Where now curls tho village smoke. So shall we within the valo With our children's children dwell; But tho waters ne'er shall fail Iu tho old time-honored well. -Kohtrt flailing, SI. Louis .ront-.Vispatdi. OUR COLONEL'S STORY. OR A SLIP 'TWIST the CUP AND THE LIT. " Yon nil know Sandy Mcrherson," said our colonel. "Intimately!" " Perfectly !" "As well as nn own brother, sir I" most of us replied, though, if the truth be told, there was not a niau at the mess-table who had ever heard of McPherson be fore. You see, it was the commanding officer who spoke, ana it was always rif ky saying him nay when he expected yea. " They used to call him, you recol lect, ' The Great Unwashed,' a vulgar but appropriate sobriquet, neverthless. continued tne ciuet. ureal, on ac count of his burly and preciously ugly person ; unwashed, by reason of his ac credited scant acquaintance with brown Windsor, spring water and the functions of the dhirzeesaud dhobies i. e., tailors ana washermen of the land. ' On his coffee estate in the moun tains and among his undiaped and un scrubbed coolies, this disregard for the comforts and conveniences of life went for notbiug perhaps it was even in keeping wiMi the surroundings ; but when he came down to this city, walked in its pnhiio gardens nnd esplanade, or showed with its swells at the band, his tt;peHraiiiv w.is something too outra geous, end his brother K. 0. B.'s, niean lUKKniglitsof the Coffee Berry, and not, as yon might suppose, of the Order of the Bath, dressy men hereabouts, what ever el-e they ore on their plantations, cast, him completely into the shade by their get-up and gorgeousness. "A forthe spinsters andyoung widow of the station there was scarce one but who fought shy of admitting him into her presence as a morning visitor, much less as a suitor, though many of these blooming ladies were on the sharp look out for the silken chains of matrimony, and Barkis that is to say, McPherson was, as they knew, willing. "But, disadvantages of person and at tire notwithstanding, he was a right good fellow, this same gentleman. He was honest, hard working, thrifty, simple-minded, and, from being a mere ad venturer without interest, friends or money, he had, self-helped only, saved up the bawbees little by little ; had bought patch after patch, acre after acre, of virgin land; cut down its timber, cleared it, planted it, and now he had squatted down free from incumbrances on Ailsa Craig, as he called his property, as pretty and as fruitful a small coffee estate as could be'found in one of the most picturesque districts of this lovely island. " Now you young gentlemen who are in the habit of lawn-teuising, afternoon teaing, talking, spooning, walking, driving, with all the feminines, plain Rnd colored, of this place, and who think that you have only to ask and be received which I beg and entrtat you will not put to the test, cutting up the niess and so on can't perhaps realize to yourselves tho difficulties the worthy I nm speaking of had met with in even this overstocked matrimonial empo rium. The Anglefralls, the Hunters, the Hookers, lots of girls whom I will not name, had snubbed or turned up their pretty noses at him when he came a-wooing, and so, nolens volens, he re mained a bachelor, anathematizing his ill-luck and venting his disappointments upon the backs of shirking and recu sant Tamil coolies, the recognized natu ral enemies of coffee and the scape goats of its cultivators. " Then as a last resource he sought from Lis brethren of the berry around counsel as to the most advisable method of getting the so needed helpmate, and the first man he consulted was Herr Thaler, a successful and rich German, whose estate bordered on Ailsa Craig. '"So, bo!' said that personage. 'Zere is noting more easy. Zave off zat ragget beard, burn in ze fire zose old clodes not lit for 'Oundsditch or anyjuden Strasse, buy von big tob, mein f rend, get zonie Europe muster coats and zen return to ze frauleins and vidder fraus vid ze inonish bug in ze 'ands. If zty vill not 'ave zou, zey vill take ze rupee; trost 'em for zat, my zon.' "But the recommendation was unpalat able, and to a great extent impracticable, so another JUlus Achates was appealed to, one Jack le Geste, a man mucn ad dicted to chaff and practical joking. " ' In this land of pearls and precious stones, no go, dear boy,' said Mr. le G. 'From Dondra Head to Point Cala mere north, south, east, west the women won't look at you; that you have found out long ago. Give up hunting, then, in these of t-trod colonial fields, and draw the home covers. Don't you happen to know a bonnie lassie in your own " Caledonia stern and wild," or a pretty colleen in theoisle of ehillelahs and shamrocks, who would be glad to share curry and rice with you ? Go and try. those parts; if not, have a haphazard shy at where I hail from, the Channel Islands. Spins aye, and precious good looking ones too are as plentiful there as coooanuts are here, and maybe one of them might be induced to clear out in your favor. Failing those islets I know or no other dodge than indenting upon one of those co-operative assooinUoijo, wnicu luimsli everything, even to a better half. But mind, old man, they keep a roster for foreign service in their offices; first lady on the list, plain or pretty, first for duty; you pays your money, but you don t take your choice. " But these suggestions also were con sidered infeasible and put aside. Pres ently, however, a thought struck Mc Pherson. " 'Le Geste,' said he, 'when I was a boy there lived in the neighborhood of my father's manse a widowed lady with two or three then wee, very wee daugh ters. From what I can recollect of them their means were cramped, not to say scanty, but they were of good blood and form. One of the children, the eldest if my memory serves me, was called Efiie Efflo Needum and prom ised to be bonny, for I can faintly recall her blue eves, flaxen hair, rosy com plexion and jimp little figure. If she is alive she must be close on thirty ; for it is many years since I came out here a stripling and was Cuinna Doray Anglice, littlo master on tho Paycock estate, as my kind employer styled that property. Mrs. Needum knew me well better, indeed, than I knew her. I wonder if she and the bairns be in the land of the leal or the living.' " rite directly and inquire.' And Sandy did so, and ascertained that his old acquaintances, Miss Efiie included, were still alive and proudly bearing up against the res angusta dom'i. Armed with which intelligence ho once again returned to Le Geste. " 'It is all right now, Mac,' said he ; ' your course is as clear as day. Send a "chit" to materfamilias N.; tell her that you are well-to-do in the world, own lands and cattle, men servants and maul servants ; that you want to settle ; that as a whipper-snapper yon liked no, better say loved Miss Efiie, and ask her in plain English to come out and marry you. Above all things, though, be sure and send your photograph ; vou arc not such a very, very bad-looking chap, bandy, if you would only dress liko a Christian and not like a coolie.' : So the letter was written, submitted to Le Geste's inspection, sealing, post ing, and in due course was received by the Needums, in whose little household it created no small amount of astonish ment, and was much spelt and pondered over, especially by the damsel most con cerned still a comely if even a some what passe body and who, after a while, consented to go out and wed her suitor. "'After all, mother dear,' she said, ha has house and home for me: may be, by-aud-bye, f r you, too, Jennie; and I'll do nil I can to help vou. It's t he best thiucr for me. Aud reallv. Mr. McPherson or I suppose I ought to all him Alexander is yet voung and not bad-looking. Quite the contrarv cry, very nice-looking. See the rhoto ho has sent us.' 'And Miss Jennie quite agreed with her elder sister that Mr. McPherson was a beauty. " ' Well, my bairns,' said the old lady, I cau't gainsay you but that the por trait is winsome and douce enough; but as I call to mind the boy Sandy, the son of the minister, he was not nearly so seemly and well favored. But it i.-, indeed, long syne since I set eyes on him, and likely he has got handsomr as he got older; some men do.' ' I hen, everything being settled. Miss Needum accepted her kismet, agree to go out, and her lover open handed, honorable, true, as I have al ready told you he was - sent the where withal for passage and outfit. "And pending the many, manvweokfi that elapsed, and while the good ship Queen of Serendib was sailing round tho Cape for her destination, a chango, a rauicai cuange, camoovcr tho life and habits of our bride-expecting friend. He cast into the limbo of things done with his coarse ' cumlies,' rough ' dun garees ' and other country clothing, and burst out into 'Europe muster linen, tweeds and serges. He purchased largely house furniture and knick knacks; he bought a lady's horse and a Peat's sidesaddle; he whose equine pro clivities had never extended beyond a shaggy mountain pony, and a tattered and torn pig-Bkin. He told his old flames and chums that he was going in for the Benedict, and bashfully lis tened to the '.riles ' and ieers of the one. and the chaff and laughter of the other. As the time for the arrival of the Qaeen of Serendib drew nigh awful wero the fidgets of our hero ; and many days before it was possible for that slow and sure craft to reach her port he was there walking about with a big binoo- ular in his hands, looking out seaward and entreating all sorts and conditions of men for tho very earliest news of her being sighted. The fact was that the rough-seasoned old fellow was on the verv tenterhooks of anxiety and expec tation, as nervous as a schoolgirl and behaving himself as such. " Then at long last it was told him that the vessel was in the offing, was ounding the point, was at anchor in the harbor, and in the Master Attend ant's boat, cushioned, flagged and be decked for the auspicious occasion, Sandy McPherson, Esquire, of Ailsa Craig, planter, rowed alongside, ' same line ne governor, the native spectators observed. " Scrambling up the side he took a hasty glance at the many passengers assembled on the ' poop, and, instinct ively guessing that Miss Efiie was not among them, he dived below and con fronted the stewardess. " Miss Needum on board, and well? asked he. " ' Yes, sir," replied the matron, ' and a very nice, good, kind, pleasant young lady she is, and I've taken the greatest care of her.' She felt sure that the gent was Miss N.'s husband to be, and that there was money in his purse for a gratuity, notwithstanding that, accord ing to-the terms of the passage money, stewards' and stewardess' fees were in cluded a fiction, gentlemen, a pleasant fiotion, which, you will find out when you go down to the sea in ships. " ' Take this curd to her,' said the pale and trembling gentleman. 'I'll wait her coming up in that far corner of this saloon.' " Glancing at the pasteboard the woman disappeared, and presently there ascended, step by step, from the regions below, brst a neat straw hat, trimmed with bright ribbons, beneath that hat a face somewhat worn with years and cares, but still fresh und comely enough; then a slight, compact figure, draped in plain, well-fitting garments, shawled and ready for the shore. Miss Eflie, in propria persona, stood before her hand-seeker, blushing celestial rosy red. " He advanced from his coign of van tage to greet her. but as he grew nigher. instead of the warm, affectionate wel come he looked for, there was a fixed stare, a shudder, a hasty retreat and a loud scream which resounded from stem to stern of the big ship and brought every one from decks and cabins into the saloon. " ' Miss Needum Effie, my girl, what on eartii is the matter ? hurriedly stam niered out the astounded Sandy. '"Shiver niv timbers, what ails the lassie?' put in the captain. ' Look out for squalls, if vou've annoved her !' Anil all the bystanders echoed the words in more or less threatening terms. She was evidently a favorite on board. " ' Oh, take him away,' cried the lady. piteously; 'take him away from mo, some one I I don t know him 1 I've been misled, deceived 1 I can't marrv him indeed, indeed I can't. He is not Mr. McPherson who wrote to me, to whom I came out to be mar . He is so ugly. Oh, such a dreadful fright ! I'll return him his money. I'll work my way back to my poor mother. I'll do anything, but I can't be his wife. I'd rather die first !' " 'Miss Needum, I don't indeed un derstand this,' said the taken-aback and completely-flabbergasted one. 'What does it ail mean ? Aro we not engaged ? Have you not come out of your own free will to accept the home and tho love I offer you ? Did I not send you my likeness?' " 'No, no!' " ' Surely I did. It was taken by Col lodion, our best photographer, nnd when he gave it to me he said: "Mr. McPherson, sir, there is no flattery 'cro. Your worst henemies would admit that." Why, I myself put it inside tho letter to your mother.' "'I repeat, no decidedly and em phatically no! Look at this,' and drawing from her bosom a littlo locket she opened it and displayed the head and face of a younger, much handsomer and iu every outward respect a more lovable man than the scared one now before her. It was the counterfeit pre sentment of Mr. Jack le Geste, and I leave you to imagine what McPherson thought when he saw it there. "How could it get into thelocket,you ask ? Why, in the simplest way in the world. That good-for-nothing fellow, Le Geste, when Sandy's letter came into his possession, thought to 'sell' him, and so had surreptitiously reniovf d his carte de visite, substituting one of his own, and Eflie had worn it ever since. "The disappointed bridegroom plead ed hard and tried every argument to in duce the girl to let matters progress, but f-he was obstinate and determined " She would esteem and respect hiiu always, but nothing more. To let the oat out of the bag, Miss Eflie had fallen desperately in love with tho picture of l;er supposed Alexander, and in vulgar lisE,'H5J!e Lad spooned over it awfully during the tedious and lone hours of a lout? voyage. Of oonrse she imagined that it was her intended husband she was approving, or fcho would not have done it certainly not. " So, quite chupfiiJlt n and in the mad dest of rages, McPherson returned to his estate. " Arrived there ho cut from one of his coffee bushes the thickest and knottiest of sticks and proceeded with it in search of Le Geste ; but, fortunately for the jester, he had mado tracks and was gone. "Then he reverted to his old customs and habits, sold his not now necessary goods and chattels and thought as little as he could of the false Eflio. " A fickle and capricious creature, woman. Listen, gentlemen, to another exemplification of old Virgil's dictum. "In the same ship in which, shortly after the breaking off of her intended es pousal, Miss Needum sailed for England there came on board almost at the last minute a slim, dark-haired, good-looking man, going home, some said for health; others, in fear and trembling of an irate Gael with a huge stick in his hands. Be this as it may, the health seeker or the fugitive take which you please was no other than Le Geste, and, to close my story, when the vessel touched at St. Helena for water and provisions he and Effie went on shore and returned man and wife." Black Sheep Turned White. A letter in the Colorado Springs Ga zette says: "As most of our readers proba bly know black wool brings from five to ten cents a pound less than the corre sponding grade of white wool. In order to secure the separation of the inferior product, as our shearing operations pro gressed, we placed the black sheep in a pen by themselves. Thero were thus on last Tuesday night sixty-three black sheep and some lambs alone in one of the corrals. During the night a coyote entered and killed a ewe and two lambs, and we were greatly surprised to find in the morning that the wool on the re maining sixty-two sheep had turned perfectly white from terror. Happily this increase in the value of the wool more than balanced the loss of the sheep that were killed." The author of this story is a church member in good standing and would scorn to exaggerate anything. Russia leather is made from the hides of two or three-year-old calves. The tanning material employed is willow barn, sometimes also pine and pear bark, used either in vats or in the form of extract. The operation lost five or six weeks. When this is completed the leather is well rubbed on the flesh side with birch oil and oil from sea calves, to which it ewes its peculiar odor, and then it passes through rollers that im press upon it a peculiar figure and roughness. A DANCING PROCESSION. Pirnnne I'erpctnntlon of ft. Vims ponce In llprmnny. A Berlin letter describes a curious spectacle as follows: Not far from these places of rendezvous for all nations of the civilized world a spectacle has been attracting the curiosity of thousands which loads us back to the depths of the middle ages, although it is repeated year by year. I am speaking of the village of Echternacn and its far-famed dancing procession. From 15,000 to 20,000 pilgrims I could not obtain more accurate informa tion about the numbers assemble on some meadows within the Prussian ter ritory, but close to the confines of the Urand .Uuchy of .Luxembourg. The in habitants of different villages men and women apart collect behind their clergymen, and a band of music is placed in the front. As the clock strikes five on Tuesday morning in Whitsun tide, a priest walks up the steps of a rude wooden pulpit and thence ad dresses tho multitude, then already swollen to an incredible extent by sight seers, who come by special trains and every imaginable vehicle to be present at the performances. The community which happens to be nearest the road stands forth, preceded by their priest, who, however, does not dance. Two men or two women hop away first two Bteps m advance, and then one backward, the band playing a most monotonous tune. " Abraham had seven sons, seven sons ; seven sons had Abraham," are the words to this terrible molodv. which each successive set. as they join the procession, take up with increasing vigor. Hour after hour passes away before tho last people have started on their miles of way to the foot of the Church of St. Willerod, whence they go up fifty steps. Nothing can exceed tho excitement and exhaustion among tho dancers, old and young. Great are tho numbers of those who, in spite of au occasional draught of water offered by charitable bystanders, sink down on for grass or on tho dusty road not to rise the hours. Tho question is naturallv asked: What does all this mean? The auswer is: It is intended to perpetuate tho remoiubranco of a frightful epidemic of St. Vitus' Dance, which carried off hundreds of victims in tho neighbor hood referred to some time during the fifteenth century; to offer up prayers and vows to tho patron saint; to recog nizo a miraculous cessation of the epi demic, and it is a fulfillment of vows then that, in gratitude, there should be yearly dances performed two hops for wardand one backward, as closely resem bling the visitation from which heaven had delivered them as rhythm and good taste would allow. During the French occupation in 1793 the procession was forbidden, but the easy-going Dutch government of Luxembourg have allowed it to be ra- ived. To judge from what could be seen this year of the drunkenness and debauchery in the numberless public houses frequented by the pilgrims after their long fasting and exertion, I am inclined to think it would have been better to have continued the prohibition. The Hichost Chinaman iu New York. Tom Lee is a short, slender man of modest manner and an extremely re tiring disposition. He wears a stili Derby hat, into the crown of which he okes his queue. This causes the hair on the back of his head to stand out ike tho quills of nn angry porcupine or tho hair on a cat's back rubbed the wrong way. He has a tiny black mus tache, and a sparse growth or wiry black hair on his chin. He wears a diamond pin ia an old-fashioned scarf, aud an elegant eight-ounce gold watch-chain dangles from tho third button of his waistcoat. He is well-to-do; owns three tea farms in China, and is worth a few thousand, perhaps. He is a very influential man among Chinamen. He is a Christian, a citizen, a deputy sheriff, and is married to a girl who was born downtown some where in that neighborhood. Sho has borne him a lovely littlo daughter, of whom Tom Lee is justly very proud. He talks pigeon English, but he dresses as you and I do, except that he wears hi3 queue. Very many among the 3,000 Chinese in New York retain their pig tails, not because they cannot go back to China without them, or because of any heathen notion about them, but because a good many Chinamen who wr re cigarette or cigar makers in Cuba have come here from Cuba without their queues. They were rid of those appendages in Cuban prisons, where they were sent for wrongdoing, and it is considered best by respectable China men not to cut off the queue, so as to obviate the necessity of explaining where and how it disappeared. Au Epidemic of Suicide. A wave of suicide seems to be sweep ing over the whole country. In all parts of the republic men and women are blowing out the little brains they possess and cutting their worthless throats in the most reckless manner. The compensating circumstance about it is that it rids the world of a number of people who, if they did not kill them selves, would probably kill somebody else, and that they make business lively for the undertakers and the coroners. It is almost impose ible to account for this destructive tendency that occurs every once and awhile. The specula tive writers and philosophers endeavor to account for it in various ways, and they talk learnedly and eloquently about crime cycles and more or less other sentimental rubbish, all of which is very good as a theory. The fact of the matter is there are a great many more crazy people in the world, or, as they call them in Washington, "cranks," than the world imagines. When a great popular excitement that stirs the whole country comes these weak-minded creatures jump off the first wharf, tie themselves to the first rope they see, or point to their heads the first old rusty pistol they run across. The majority of them are of far more use below ground than above it. New York Harold. FACTS AND COMMENTS. Under the title of " Associated Agri culturists of Great Britain," a company with a capital of a million, in shales of 'J5, has been formed lor loint stock farming in Great Britain. Each estate will be under a manager of local ex perience, and the prospectus points to the fact that the shareholders of a farm in Holland of 4,000 acres have for ten years divided annually ten per cent. The Duke of Buckingham, an excellent man of business, and Lords Londonderry Carysfort and Heries, are on the council Curious how people utter confused ideas when they are in searoh of par allels to the attempt on the President's life. They invariably select kings as illustrations, as though the President was a king. The nearest parallel cited is found in English history. John Bell inghnm, a tradesman, lost his fortune, and his mind became disordered. One of his delusions was that the action of the government caused his commercial reverses, and he repeatedly applied to Mr. Spencer Peceval, then prime minis ter, demanding compensation, either in the form of money or official position. No notice was taken of his demands, and one day as Mr. Perceval passed through the lobby of the house of com mons, Bellingham stepped from behind a pillar and shot him. He fell dead, and the assassin quietly gave himself up to the officers, and in a few days was tried, found guilty and hanged. A German physician, Dr. Treichler, in a paper read before the ; Association of National Historians and Physicians at Baden-Baden, asserts that the present method of school instruction is a cause of disease, and is useless, producing mental confusion. The great objects of school education are intellectual disci pline and the awakening of a desire to continue the cultivation of; the mind, and these, he says, are almost entirely frustrated. Habitual headache has in creased among both boys and girls, and this headache not only destroys much of the happiness nnd cheerfulness of lite, but produces impoverishment of the blood and loss of intellectual tone, and reduces many a highly gifted child to the level of a discontented drudge. Undoubtedly, he continues, the prin cipal cause of the headache is intel lectual over-exertion, entailing work at night, and the insisting by parents on the too early taking up of a variety of subjects, music among the rest. It is reported that one of the dia mond mines which were included unde the celebrated name of Golconda is in a condition to be worked again with proht, and that the industry which once made Central India famous is about to be revived. Near the modern town of Hyderabad are the ruins of the hill-fort and city of Golconda where lived three centuries ago an independent prince who ruled a vast territory. The dia monds were not found in the immediate neighborhood of his capital, but were carried thither from villages in the Kistna valley to be cut and polished in its workshops. It is not known just when thia famous industry began to de cline, nor why the diamond mines were finally abandoned. If they had been exhausted modern enterprise will not be of much avail, but if, as is possible, hostile invasions put a stop to the work ing of them, the neighborhood of Gol conda may become a second time fa mous. A correspondent of the Raleigh (N. C.) News and Courier gives a clever description of the people who live along the Hatteras banks. He is sure that most of them must bo web-footed, for water rather than air is the clement in which they live. W hen they want the doctor they haug out a red flag as a sign of distress. If he doesn't come, because "the wind ain't fair," or for any other reason, they take a dram of whisky and copperas, soak their feet in sea-water, "turn in "and trust to luck. If they die their bodies are buried on the top of a sand ridge, and when tho visitor sees several sailboats on the water in procession with flags at half mast he is looking at a funeral, al though he may not be aware of it. They ornament their houses with whales' ribs and jaws, sharks' teeth, South American lariats, war clubs from the Mozambique islands, Madagascar idols and a multitude of other strange decora tions. Their hogs are raised on clams, mussels, offal of fish and garbage, and their cattle wade out ou the shoals for miles, where the water covers their backs, to feed on sea grass, and if they are carried up country and fed on corn and fodder they will not live. Every man is captain of some kind of a boat, and "she" is always better than any other boat in some way. " She is hard to beat in a gale of wind," or " before the wind," or "beating to the windward," or " with the wind on the beam," or " she can sail closer to the wind," or "will carry sail longest," or " hard to beat in a light wind," or " totes more stock," or is " stronger," or " dryer," or " she is a big little boat," or " draws the least water," or "needs less ballast," or " she is the newest," or " has the best tim bers," or " steers the best," or " she is a lucky boat," or " stands up better," or " needs less sail than any other boat," cr " she is best for fishing," etc Per haps "she comes about better than any other boat." She is bound to have some thing about her better than anybody else's boat. Oil Upon the Troubled Waters. William Porter, who was wrecked early this year in the steamship Dia mond, of Dundee, bears testimony, in a letter published in (JUambersr Journal, to the extraordinary efficacy of oil in calming waves: "I first heard of its good effects in the case of a whaler in the South Seas- She was on the point of foundering. The men were unable, owing to heavy seas, to remain at the pumps, when some of the oil casks broke adrift in the hold and smashed. The oil was then pumped out with the water, and the sea, though still as high, did not break on board." At the wreck of the Diamond he considers that they owed their life to the oil thrown out. SCIENTIFIC NOTES. Snuff is generally preserved in lead to keep it moist. Hydrogen gas is the lightest ponder able matter known. Oxalic acid is found in the common sorrel und rhubarb plants. Gun cotton is made by dipping the fiber into strong nitric acid. The bricks of Nineveh and Babylon were only sun-dried, not baked, as is the modern practice. The microscope shows the hair to be like a coarse round rasp, but with the teeth extremely irregular and ragged. Black and white pepper both grow on the same shrub. The white is the berry deprived before grinding of its outside husk. Electric lighting is in successful ope ration on more than sixty steamers of the Mississippi river and its' tributaries. It is believed to add much to the safety of that kind of traffic and traveling. A new material has lately been com pounded of leather cuttings soaked iu hot water to remove the oil. The cut tings are then dried, ground to powder, Eressed into molds and used for buttons, oot heels, etc. It is said that Dr. Gehring, of Land shut, in Bavaria, by means of an enam eling liquid, renders any species of stone or cement harder than granite. The process, it is further reported, ad mits of being applied to metal, which is completely protected from rust. Smooth, strong and pliable parch ment can be made from the palmetto of Florida and the other Southern States. It can be washed, rubbed and handled like a cloth, and the writing will not be effaced. As much as sixty per cent, of the palmetto can be utilized in the pro cess. Major Majendie maintains that gun powder can be exploded with a wooden tool, and cites the following instances: At Bassinghyll gunpowder factory, on October 12, 1878, two men were remov ing indurated powder from a mill bod by striking it with a wooden mallet, and it exploded nnd killed them. At Gate beck, on June 2, 1877, a precisely simi lar accident, attended with the loss of one life, occurred. At the Lindal Moor mine a charge of gunpowder was ex ploded while a man was forcing it into a hole in iron-stone with a wooden mal let. A formidable explosion, which oc curred at the Royal Gunpowder mills, Wetteren, Belgium, on May 29, 1880, is attributed in the official report to a man dragging a wooden vessel full of powder over a powder-begrimed floor. The many unlikely methods by which the seeds of plants are diffused over land and sea until they at length find a congenial spot for development, form an interesting and curious study. It is well known that bees carry pollen from flower to flower, and thus act not only as sowers of seed but also as fertilizers of the female plants. A curious in stance of this kind has been given by a scientific man, who states that attached to the skin of a panther recently shot in India he found numerous seeds, each of which hadtwo perfect hooks, appear ing as if designed to attach themselves to foreign bodies. As the panther moved about it collected the seeds on the skin and carried them wherever it went, but When it rubbed ugainst tho shrubs the seeds were brushed oil, and thus dis tributed. Dr. Richardson has in a 'late lecture described the principles which should guide architects and others in designing and constructing hospitals for tho re ception and treatment of persons suffer ing from smallpox and other infections diseases. He states on well considered grounds: 1. That each hospital should uot be larger than is sufficient to ac- ommodate twenty-four persons at one time. 2. That every hospital should be constructed on tho separate system for the patients. 3 That tho material of construction should be iron, in order that the hospit al may at any time bo ab solutely purified by fire throughout with the least possible cost. 4. To secure direct ventilation and lighting from the roof, tho hospitals proper should occupy the top stories of build ings, o. AU the air which passes out of the wards should have au escape only through a vent so heated as to destroy all deleterious substances. 6. Each patient should be carried into the hos pital by a valved elevator passing through a shaft so as to draw up air during its ascent, and to be capable of flushing the hospital with air, as occa sion may require. Sounds from a Kaiubow. One of the most wonderful discover ies in science that has been made within the last year or two is the fact that a beam of light produces sound. A beam of sunlight is thrown through a lens on a glass vessel that contains lampblack, colored silk or worsted, or other sub stances. A disk haying slits or open ings cut in it is made to revolve swiftly in this beam of light, so as to cut it up, thus malting alternate flashes of light and shadow. On putting the ear to the glass vessel strange sounds are heard so long as the flashing beam is falling on the vessel. Recently a more wonderful discovery has been made. The beam of sunlight is made to pass through a prism so as to produce what is called the solar spectrum, or rainbow. The disk is turned and the colored light of the rain bow is made to break through it. Now, place the ear to the vessel containing the silk, wool or other material. As the colored lights of the spectrum fall upon it sounds will be given by different parts of the spectrum, and there will be silence in other parts. For instance. if the vessel contains red worsted, and the green light flashes upon it, loud sounds will be given. Only feeble sounds will be heard when the red and blue parts of the rainbow fall upon the vessel, and other colors make no sound at all. Qreen silk gives sound best in red light. Every kind of material givua more or less sound in different colovs. and utters no sound, in others. The discovery is a strange one, and it is thought more wonderful things will oome from it. The Grasshopper. Grasshopper, grasshopper, dreesed all In green, And scarlet, and copper, and ultramarine, You're tho gayest grasshopper that ever I've seen. Where are yon going to? Where have you been? Did the hot sun from a dewdrop create you ? Is there a brillianter being to mate you ? Is nature pledged with her last son to fete you ? Docs all the joy in the world await you ? Oh, king of creation I Small bridegroom of June I Oh, white spark thrown off from the whits at of noon 1 Musician who flndost tho whole world in tune Dry drinker, good fellow, pray grant me a boon Tell me, if I in the fields were to live, now, . To leap ovor leaves and 'moon lilies to dive, now, To revel, aud tako some gay girl to wive, now And give np all thought how to Btudy and strive, now, But lie in thf grass, ou tho brink of tho river, Ringing would sncha fine life last forever? Would summer ne'er go ? Would f ne'er have to shiver Iu tho winter's cold blasts for my lack of endeavor? What ! Vou say that the summer is not ya a-going That yon do uot feel winter's breath yet a-blowing; That roses can only bo sipped while they're growing; That, in harvest, 'tis better be reaping than sowing. IlogiT Hiordan, in Scribner. I1UM0II OF THE DAY. A marriage at sea is an ocean tied. ''Sleeping out loud" is the latest child definition for snoring. The young man who gave up drink ing to propitiate his girl wisely con cluded that a miss is as good as a smile. There is going to be another comet hold on.don't dodge yet; it's the comet of 1744, and it is only expected around once every 122,083 years. Haiekeye, A terrible adulteration in ice cream has been brought to light iu (he East. However, the only feature of the fraud worthy of note, is that one plate isn't enough for two young souls and the price remains the same. lteeling Sun day Leader. "When I have prepared a remarkably good sermon," said Rev. Mr. Gush well, "it generally happens that I have a very small congregation to listen to it." "What a memory you have !" exclaimed Fogg, in tones of astonishment ; "how long ago was it that you prepared that did you say ?" An exchange prints a long recipe explaining "How to perfume a dwell ing." It's too expensive. The cheapest and quickest way to perfume a dwelling is to fry a piece of codfish or roast a few onions. They go right to the spot and linger around the spot for a con siderable length of period. Norristown Herald. The great excitement amonir the school children of New Haven just now is vaccination. "See here, my little man," said tho attending physician, " you were vaccinated yesterday. What did you come again for to-duy ?" " Oh," and he shullled his toe around on the floor, "I wanted to hear the girls screech." New Haven lieyister. Nothing can reach out further than a cough at church. It may come from the remotest corner in the rear, but its cho tickles the throat of those in front. and then creeps down the aisle and touches the ushers, and floats from the choir to the minister, and never releases its hold until it has wrung a sympathetic explosion from every victim- Perhaps you've noticed it. Merkk-n Recorder. An engineer examined not long since in an arbitration case was asked : " How ong have you been in your profes sion?" "Twelve years." "Are you thoroughly acquainted with your work, theoretically and practically ? " " Yes." 1 Uo you reel competent to undertake large constructions?" "Yes; most cer tainly." "In what engineering works have you been engaged during the last twelve years?" "The manufacture of iron bedsteads." A Smart Weasel. The remarkable sagacity of the weasel was well illustrated the other day by an incident which actually occurred in the suburbs of Santa Barbara. A gentle man's barn was iufested with rats, and he was greatly annoyed by their depre dations. They have been gradually dis appearing, however, during the past few weeks. The gentleman finally dis covered the cause of their probable dis appearance in a very wide-awake weasel. which was engaged at the time in a vig orous combat with an unusually large- sized rat. The latter proved too much for his adversary, and finally chased his weaselship out of the barn. A few mornings later the gentleman again sound the same animals engaged .in a similar battle. The weasel at last ran ' away as before, and the rat followed in hot pursuit. This time, however, the weasel ran into a hole it had burrowed through a pile of hardened compost. This hole was quite large at the en trance, but the outlet was scarcely large enough to admit the passage of the weasel s body. The weasel darted into the hole with tho rat at his heels. A moment later the weasel emerged from the other side, ran quickly around the compost pile and again entered the hole, this time in the enemy's rear. The gentleman, interested in the proceedings, watched the place some time, and found that only the weasel came out. Digging into the compost he found tho rat quite dead, and partly eaten. The weasel had arranged his trap bo that the rat could enter, but becoming closely wedged in the narrow portion of the hole, could be attacked at a disadvantage and easily killed. Vrt . vnniAn avav rAAlizefl tVlA TlttAV helplessness of her sex so much as when she reaches a steamboat wuari three minutes too late for the excuraipn. In Milwaukee they give one last, lingei! 3 look around them and lav down and die.