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, .. -- - . " t 1 " HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL DESPERANDUM. -Two Dollars per Annum. . VOL: XI. - RIDGWAY, ELK COUNIyTpa., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1881. NO. 29. Songs of Birds. The skylark'. Bong : "Arise, arise I Oh, free glad wings, awake the air ; On, on, above, the light is there ; . I'aaa the fiiiiit clouds and know the skies. Oh, blneness I oh, deep, endless height 1 Oli, nnveiled sun 1 Oil, ecstasy of upward flight 1 monnt I I nigunt I Oh, skies I oh, snn I " The sparrow's song : " Let be lo soar j 8kies blacken under night or rain ; Wild wings are weary all in vain, fio, the fair earth, the fruitful store 1 And the doar sunbeams travel down, And warm our eaves, And bring eay summer to the town, Oh, snn I oh, bloom I oh, safe warm eaves I " The linnet's song : " Oh, joy of spring I Oh, blithe surprise of life I And flowers Wake in the birthday April hours, And wonder, and are fair, and bring New promise of new joy to be. Oh, hope 1 oh, Now ! Oh, blossoms breaking on the tree 1 I live ' Oh, day 1 oh, happy Now ! " The night-owl's song : "The flowers go dead, Weak flowers that die for heat or cold, That die ere even spring turns old ; And with few hours the day is sped ; Tho calm gray Bhadows chase tho noon, Night comes, and dusk, And stillness, and the patient moon. Oh, stillness I and oh, long, cool dusk 1" The thrush's song : " Oh, wedded wills 1 Oh, love's delight ! She mine, I hers I And every little wind that stirs, And every little brook that trills, Makes music, and I answer it With 'Lovo, love, love,' Oh, happy bough where we two sit I I love ! I love ! Oh, song I oh, lovo 1 " The raven's song : " Waste no vain breath On dead-barn joys that fado from earth, Nor talk of blossoming or of birth, For all things are a part of death, Save lovo, that scarce waits death to die. Spring has its graves ; Our yew-trees see the green leaveB lio. Oh, churchyard yows 1 oh, tmooth ntw gi aves 1 The song of the Bweet nightingale, That has all hearts in hers, and knows The secret of all joys and woes, And till the listening stars grow pale, And fade into the daybreak gleam, Her mingled voice Melts grief and gladness in a dream. She doth not sorrow nor rejoice. She sings : " Heart, rest thee and be free, Pour ttiyself on the unhindering wind j Leave the dear pain of lite behind ; Loosed heart, forget thou art, and be. Oh, piiit ! oh, joy of life I oh, love I My heart is these. Oli, ro.m's nf the noon 1 oh, stars above! OeaJ, waned, still with me; I am these." -Augusla li'ebster. DELIA'S REWARD- "It was a scandal," the neighbor said, " that Mu-s Delia should be obliged to take boarder, after all she'd been through; and heaven knows board ers did not help a body to work out her salvation. And so much money in the family, too, taking it by small and large." Wasn't her Uncle Eben, over at Dover, well-to-do, and not a chick of his own to care for, except the boy ht bad adopted, who was no credit to him ? It was odd, now, that a man with poor relations should take to a stranger when his own flesh and blood was needy; but sometimes it does seem as if folks had moi e feeling for others than for their own kith and kin. Then there were cousins in the city, forehanded and fashionable, who were never worth a row of pins to Delia, and there was her great-uncle John's widow a-larking on the continent, a-gaming at Baden Baden, and trying the waters of every mineral spring in the three kingdoms, for no disease under the sun but old age. She'd been known to say that " her folks were too rich already, and probably she would endow some hospital with her property." Plainly, wealthy rela tives were of no value to Miss Delia. To be sure, she had never seen her great aunt-niece since she was a child, when her Uncle John had brought her into their simple life for a month's visit with her French maid and dresses, her jewels and fallals, which won the heart of her namksake. Since then Uncle John's widow has be come sort of a gilded creation, always young and beautiful; for, though Delia had received little gilts from time to time across the seas for the last fifteen years, she had neither heard nor seen anything of the being who had inspired her youthful imagination, and was quite unceitain if such a person as Mrs. John Rogerson was in the lnd of the living. Dead or alive, she seemed to have made no material difference to Delia's hum dram life. After having nursed her father through a long sickness, Delia found that he had left a heavy mort gage on the homestead, and her mother and herself on the high road to the poor house, unless they should bestir them selves. As her mother was already bedridden, the stirring naturally fell upon Delia, and she advertised for summer boarders: " Good board in the country, by the river-side, at seven dollars a week. Large chambers, broad piazzas, fine views, berries, and new milk. One mile from the station. " Address Delia Rogerson, " Croftsborough, Maine." " Cheap enough I" commented an elderly lady, who happened upon- it. " Delia Rogerson an old maid, I sup pose, obliged to look out for herself. I've a good mind to try her broad piazzas and new milk. If I don't like it, there'll be no harm done." And bo Delia's first boarder arrived an old lady with false front hair, brown wriu&ittti njLin, iaueci eves, a black ade her as welcome as if she had hn uucueHs; iigniea a wood lire in Mrs. (jiemeni u room, as me night was damp, and brought out her daintiest cup and saucer, with the fadeless old roses wreathing teem. "Wonderful kind," refleoted Mrs. Clement, as she combed out her wisps pf gray hair and confided the false front to a box. "Wonderful kindness for seven dollars a weekl She's new to the trade. She'll learn better. Human nature doesn't change with latitudes. She'll find it doesn't pay to consider the comfort of a poverty-stricken old creature." But in epito of her worldly wisdom Mrs. Clement was forced to confess that Delia had begun as she meant to hold out, thongh other boarders came to demand her attention, to multiply her cares. The fret and jar of conflicting temperaments under ner root was a new experience to Delia. When Mrs. Ore- some complained of the mosquitoes, with an air as if Miss Rogerson were responsible for their creation; of the flies, as if they were new acquaintances; of want of appetite, as though Delia had agreed to supply it, along with borries and new milk; of the weather, as if shn find plodged herself there would be no sudden changes to annoy her boarders; of the shabby house and antiquated furniture, "too old for com fort and hot old enQngh for fashion " then Delia doubted if taking boarders was her mission. " What makes you keep us, my dear ?" asked Mrs. Clement, after a day when everything and everybody had seemed to go wrong. "Why didn't you ever marry? You had a lover, I dare say?" " Yes; a long, long time ago." " Tell me about him it ?'' "There isn't much to tell. He asked me to marry him. He was going to Australia. I couldn't leave father and motaer, you know (they were both feeble), and he couldn't stay here. That's all." "And you you " " Now all men beside are to me like shadows.' " "And have yon never heard of him since?" " Yes. He wrote; but where was the use? It could never come to anything. It was better for him to forget me and uiaiTj. I was a millstone about his neck. I didn't answer his letter." "And supposing he should return some day, would you marry him ?" " I dare say," laughed Delia, gently, as if the idea were familiar, " let the neighbors laugh ever so wisely. I've thought of it sometimes, sitting alone, when the world was barren and com monplace. One must have recreation of some kind, you know. Everybody requires a little romance, a little poetry, to flavor every-day thinking and doing. I'm afraid you think me a silly old maid, Mrs. Clement." "No. The heart never grows old. The km shrivels, the color departs, the t;yes fade, the features grow pinched; but the soul is heir of eternal youth it is as beautiful at fourscore as at sweet and twenty.' Time makes amends for the ravages of the body by leveiopmg the spirit, lou ciidn t tell me your lovers name. i"erhaps.you would rather not." " His name was Stephen Lancrdon Sometimes Captain Seymour runs usainst him in Melbourne, and brings me word how he looks and what he is loing; though I never ask, and Stepheu never asks for me, that I can hear." Delia s summer boarders were not a success, to be sure. If they took no money out of her pocket, they put none in. She was obliged to eke out her support with coyping for Lawyer Dun- more and embroidering for Mrs. Judge Dorr. One by one her boarders dropped away like the autumn leaves; all but old Mrs Clement. "I believe I will stay on," she said. I'm getting too old to move often. Perhaps you take winter boarders at re duced rates. Eh ?" " Do you think my terms high ?" " Bv no means. But when one's purse is low " Yes, I know. Do stay at your price. 1 can t spare you." She had grown such a fondness for the old lady tnat to reiuse ner at ner own terms would have seemed like turningher own mother out of doors; besides, one mouth more would not signify. But she found it hard to make both ends meet, and often went to bed hunerrv that her mother and Mrs. Clement might enjoy enough, without there ap pearing to be "just a pattern." At Christmas, however, came a ray of sun shine for Delia, in the shape of a, hundred-dollar bill from an unknown friend. " It can't be meant for me," she cried. " It's directed to Delia Rogerson." said her mother; " and there's nobody else of that name, now that your Aunt Delia's dead." " We are not sure she's dead." ob jected Delia. "Horrors I Don t you know whether yoar own aunt is dead or alive ?" asked Mm. Clement, in a shocked tone. "It isn t our fault. She is rich and lives abroad. I was named for her. I used to look in the glass and try to be lieve I'd inherit her beauty with the name, though she was only our great uncle's wife." She ought to be doing something for you." " How can she if she a dead I I don t blame her, anyway. Her money is her own, to use according to her pleasure. uncle John made it himself and gave it to her." " But if she should come back to vou. having run through with it, you'd divide your last crust with her, I'll be bound' " I suppose I should," replied Delia. The winter wore awav as winters will. and the miracles of spring began in neids ana wayside; and Delia's boarders returned with the June roses, and dropped away again with the falling leaves, and still Mrs. Clement stayed on and on. Just now she had been some weeks in arrears with her reduced board. No money had been forthcom ing for some time, and she was growing more feeble daily, needed the luxuries of an invalid and the attention of a nurse, both of which Delia bestowed upon her, without taking thought for the morrow. " T mnst hear from mv man-of-bntti. ness to-morrow, Delia; I'm knee-deep in debt to you, sue began one night "Don't mention it I" cried Delia. " I'd rather never see a cent of it than have you take it to heart. You are welcome to stay and share pot-luck with us; you are such company for mother and me." " Thank you, my dear. I've grown as fond of you as if you were my own fletdi and blood. There, turn down the light, please. Draw the curtain, dear, and put another stick on the fire, please. It grows chilly, doesn't it ? You might kiss me just once, if you wouldn't mind. It's a hundred years or so since ar.y one kissed me." And the next morning, when Delia carried up Mrs. Clement's breakfast, her boarder lay cold and still upon the pil lows. The first shock over, Delia wrote to the lawyer of whom she had heard Mrs. Clement speak as having charge of her affairs, begging him to notify that lady's relatives, if she had any. In reply Mr. Willis wrote: " The late Mrs. Clement appears to have no near relatives. Some dis tant cousins, who have an abundance of this world's goods, yet served her shabbily when she tested their generosi ty, as she has tried yours, are all that remain of her family. In the meantime l inclose you a copy of her last will and testament, to peruse at your leisure." " Wnat interest does he think I take in Mrs. Clement's will," thought Delia ; but read, nevertheless: "Being of sound mind, this ICth dav of June, 18, I, Delia Rogerson Cle ment, do hereby leave one hundred dollars to each of my cousin ; and I bequeath the residue of my property viz., thirty thousand dollars invested in the Ingot Mining company, fifty thousand dollars in United States bonds, twenty thousand in Fortune Flannel mills, and my jewels, to the beloved niece of my first husband, John Rogerson, Delia Rogerson. of Crofts borough, Maine." " For I was a stranger, and vo took me in, hungry, and ye fed me; sick and ye ministered unto me." " Goodness alive 1" cried the neigh bors, when the facts reached their ears. " What a profitable thing it ia. to take boarders I Of course Steve Langdon will come and marry her, if she were forty old maids. You may stick a pin in there 1" Delia did not open her house to boarders the next season. She found enough to do in looking after her money and spending it, in replying to letters from indigent people, who seemed to increase alarmingly; in re ceiving old friends, who suddenly found time to remember her existence. And, sure enough, among the rest appeared Steve Langdon, and all the village said, ' I told you so." " It's not mv fault that you and I are single yet, Delia," he said. "And we are too old to think of it now, Steve." "Nonsense! Its never too late too mend. I'm not rich, Delia, but I've enough for two and to spare." "i wouldn't be contented not to drive in my carriage and have servants under me now," laughed Delia. " Indeed I Then perhaps vou have a better match in view. Captain Sey mour asked me, by the way, if I had come to interfere with Wuuire Jones interest." " Yes. Squire Jones proposed to me last week." "Now see here, Delia, have I come all the way from Melbourne on a fool's errand ? There I was growing used to my misery and loneliness, when the mail brings in a letter in a strange hand, which tells me that my dear love, ueiiu itogerson, loves and dreams of me still, is poor and alone, and need- me me ! And the letter is signed by her aunt, Mrs. Clement, who ought to know. I packed my household goods and came." "I'm glad that you did." " In order that I may congratulate Squire Jones ?" "But I haven't accepted him. In fact I've refused him because " " Because you will marry your old love, like the lass in the song, Delia V" in Uroftsborough people are not vet tired of telling how a woman made money by taking boarders. What a Gentleman Is, " The essential characteristics of a gentleman," says our American essayist, Mr. Mathews, "are not an outward varnish or veneer, but inward qualities, developed in the heart." The drover was a gentleman at heart. and in speech al- o, cf whom this anec dote is told. He was driving cattle to market one day when the snow was deep, save on the highway. The drove compelled a lady to turn out of the road and tread in the deep snow. "Madam," eaid the drover, taking off his hat, "if the cattle knew as well as I what they should do, you would not waiK in tne snow." Charles Lamb tells a story of Joseph Paice, a London merchant, who rev erenced womanhood in every form in which it came before him. "I have seen him," writes the genial essayist, "stand bareheaded, (smile, if you please), to a servant girl while she has been inquiring of him the way to some street, in such a posture of 'un forced civility as neither to embarrass her in the acceptance, or himself in the offer, of it. "I have seen him, he continues, "tenderly escort a market-woman whom he had encountered in a shower, exalt ing his umbrella over her poor basket of fruit tnat it might receive no damage, with as much carefulness as if she had been a countess. j. uese anecdotes snow what genuine politeness is. It is a kindly spirit which expresses itself kindly to all. Of one who possesses it the remark is never made, " tie can be a gentleman when he pleases." As Mr. Mathews says and we wisn tne boys to memorize the say ing "He who can be a gentleman when he pleases, never pleases to be anything else." "Here lies the youngest of twenty nine brothers and three sisters." Such is the inscription on the stone that marks the last resting-place of General Marston U. Clark, at Salem, Washing ton county, Ind. He was a brave man and had a great deal to do with the vic tory at Tippecanoe, which made General Harrison famous, THE FARM AND HOUSEHOLD. Make the Ground Count. We have learned one mistake we have made for years past, and that is cover ing too pinch ground with too few plants. Vacancies not only make a loss, but are expensive every way in prep aration and cultivation of soil, in extra expenses for manure, and interest and tax on land. We are too apt to be am bitious as to having a great number of acres planted, regardless of th-n yield, expense, etc We will guarantee that, as a rule, persons having the least land get the most fruit from their land in proportion to the number of acres, and make the most money. Fruit Recorder. A Valuable Table. The following table will show the number of check? Ov hills contained in an acre of ground at certain distances: 1 foot apart each way, 43,500 2 feet apart each way, 10,890 3 feet apart each war, 4,845 4 feet apart each way, 2,722 5 feet apart each way, 1,740 6 feet apart each way, 1,210 9 feet apart each way, 597 10 feet apart each way, 435 12 feet apart each way, 302 15 feet apart each way, K13 20 feet apart each way, ins 25 feet apart each way, fig 30 feet apart each way, 48 40 feet apart each way, n Cutting. M. Loiseau recommends that the us ual method of striking cuttings should be altered. When, he observes, a cut ting is put in perpendicularly, the sap, the natural tendency of which is to rise, is expended in pushing forward a new bud instead of forming a root." But if it is laid horizontally, or even with its lower end higher than the upper, that is not the case ; the sap prefers to move toward the higher end, or at all events is evenly distributed between the two extremities. This causes the callus to form so rapidly that if the cuttings are put into a warm place eight or ten days are enough to secure its formation or even that of the roots. Autumn cut tings taken off a lit t lo before the sap ceases to move, and treated in this man ner, form the callus so quickly that they are ready for planting out before winter. In winter it is necessary to keep the cuttings in a gentle heat, or beneath leaves deep enough to keep olF frost, and even then a callus will be round to have formed by spring time. The Grnpe. Many vine-growers, says the Cincin nati Gazette, experience great disap pointment between the budding and riperiing of their grapes. In spring the leaves and sprays shoot forth abun dantly and the " blossoms " appear in gratifying profusion. As summer ad vances the growth of the berries is at hrst satisfactory, and then a reverse commences. Home shrivel up, others mildew and many drop off, the curculio takes a share and general deterioration ensues. If the trunks of the vines are large and the branches extensive these changes are only the more remarkable. But larger vines absolutely require to be profusely watered, for the propor tion of water in the fckin of the crape is evidently very considerable, and every drop ascends through the pores of the trunk. If the vines are near the dwell ing waste washing water, soapsuds, etc., cannot be poured too profusely on the roots. We have known young trees, vines, etc., rescued from death by drought by tho profuse watorihg of their roots. Again, the paper bag protection to the bunches is well worth trying. Old vine growers near this city find it to succeed admirably. There are few noble grape "trees" in this neighbor hood which rival in size and production the famous Black Hamburg at Hampton Court, England, but they are well cared for by their owners, although in our latitude it is not necessary to keep them in glass houses. He who hath a thriving vineyard hath a good posses sion. ltulalug Calve oil Hklmiiiilk. A. B. Allen, writing to the Western Agriculturist, gives some advice on rais ing calves. He eays: A friend who has a large dairy in thb western part of the State of New York informs me that he has kept twenty-four grade shorthorn and Guernsey calves, dropped the last spring, in the following manner: They were allowed to suck their dams a few times immediately after birth, and then taken away and taught to drink milk irom the pail. This was warm and fresh from the cows for a week or ten days, and then skimmilk was gradually mixed with it till substituted entirely for the new milk. This was frequently lobbered, in very hot weather, before feeding, and was thought all the better for it, as being more easily digested. The calves were put into a good pasture and at a few weeks old began to nibble the grass. The summer being very dry this failed considerably during August; cut hay mixed up with wheat shorts were then given in place of it. One may judge how well these calves throve when simply fed, for at six to seven months old they weighed from 500 to 600 pounds each. The cream from the milk of the dams of the calves was made into butter of first rate quality, stored till October, and then brought a good price. Many think that choice calvers cannot be well raised on Bkimmilk, and therefore feed all new milk to them. But I think this is wasting the cream on such as are de signed to grow up for dairy cows and that they are all the better for this pur pose when reared on the quality of milk which is the least fattening and gives the most muscle. Many a shorthorn heifer is injured for the dairy by being overfed and kept too fat from its birth up to three years old, when it is the usual time for it to drop its first calf, As fed above the calves occasionally scoured, and to stop this some astrin gent medicine had to be given ia their food. But if a heaping tablespoonful 01 onmeal, gradually increasing to Cint for each calf as it grew older, had een made into a gruel and mixed daily with the Bkimmilk, it would have pre vented scouring, kept the bowels in good order and made them relish their other food more heartily. Flaxseed boiled to u jelly answers the same pur pose, also if ground mixed, with oats, one-fourth of the former to three fourths of the latter, and then a quart or more, according to the age of the calf, fed daily, is a good substitute for 'he oatmeal. tteclpesi Sweet Applh Pickles. Sweet apples make delicious pickles ; peel and quar ter them, boil them until tender in vinegar and water; to one quart of vinegar add two pounds of sugar ; heat the vinegar and dissolve the sugar in it; add cloves and cinnamon, and pour over the apples while hot, Cbanbebbt R0M1. Stew a quart of cranberries in just water enough to keep them from burning. Make very sweet, strain and cool. Make a paste, and when the cranberry is cold spread it on the paste about an inch thick. Roll it, tie it close in a flannel cloth, boil two hours and serve with a sweet sauce. Stewed apples or other fruit may be used in the same way. An Appetizing Dish. One of the most appetizing dishes that can be placed before a hungry family, and which may tempt the appetite of one who isn't hungry, is made in this way : Take one dozen ears of corn, grate it, stir in four eggs, one-fourth of a cup of flour, a little salt, and fry in hot lard ; if the corn is not milky add a little milk or cream. This is next to fried oysters. To Stew Veal Cutlets. Cut them about half an inch thick, flatten them with a chopper, and fry them in fresh butter or dripping. When brown on one side turn and do them on the other, continuing to do so till they are thor oughly done, which will be in about a quaiter of an hour. Make a gravy of some trimmings, which put into a stew pan with a bit of soft butter, an onion, a roll of lemon peel, a blade of mace, some thyme, parsley, and stew the whole over a slow fire for an hour, and then strain it ; put one ounce of butter into another pan, and when melted mix with as much flour as will dry it up ; stir this for a few minutes, then add the gravy by degrees till the whole is mixed ; boil it five minutes, then strain it through a sieve and put it to the cutlets. Some browning maybe added, together with mushroom or walnut cat Bup, or lemon pickle. To Dby Pumpkins. Take ripe pump kins, pare, cut into small pieces, stew soft, mash and strain through a colan der, as if for making pies. Spread this pulp on plates, in layers some half an inch thick; dry it in a stove oven, which should be kept at so low a tem peratnre as not to scorch it. In about a day it will become dry and crisp. The sheets thns made can then be stowed away in a dry place, and ore always ready for use, either for pies or stewing. lhe amen drying after cooking pre vents the souring which is almost al ways the case when the uncooked pieces are dried, while the flavor is much better preserved and the after cookine dispensed with. On going to use, souk portions of the article in a li.tle milk over night, when it will return to as de licious a pulp as if made of a pumpkin when fresh. A Thief Disguised as a Xohle Lady. A recent letter from Vienna says: A noble lady from Holland landed here last week with a secretary, a maid, and a colored footman, the little set putting up at the bite Horse hotel, in Leo- poldstadt. The countess, in taking tho est suite of apartments, intimated to the hotelier that she expected both her I'ather-in-law and her Bister-in-law, who was to be married shortly to an Austrian noble of the best blood, and that the wedding banquet would take place In the hotel. She hired a handsome car riage and drove out every day with her footman on the box by the side of tho coachman. During her drives she stopped at many shops, ordered sam ples and patterns to be sent to her hotel, and at the same time made purchases of silks, laces, fine trousseau linen for the bride, etc., never disbursing a single kreuzer, for the colored footman so thoroughly represented wealth and in spired confidence that shopkeepers were only too glad to send to the noble dame's hotel double the stuff's she or dered. The countess also caned 011 several jewelers, one of whom had just received a handsome garniture in bril liants, which at once took her fancy, being valued at the lowest at 50,000 norms, and the father-in-law being ex pected on the following day the jeweler was requested to bring the set to the hotel at a given hour. This was done, and when the diamond merchant came ho was requested to be seated, and the countess took the little case into the next room, where father-in-law was dressing, she said. After waiting a quarter of an hour, Mr. Jeweler knocked at the door and got no answer; tried the door and found it locked. A noise in the passage attracts his attention. A rush, and he is in the portier's loge, where he finds the countess disguised in man's clothes and guarded by a po liceman. Providence had warned that portier, and he had stopped the countess in good time as she was gilding past in her disguise. He saved the Vienna tradespeople from the loss of many thousands, and placed a set of danger ous thieves under the lock of justic". The tradespeople are very grateful, and the portier has received their thanks with many bows and salams. The jew eler, I believe, offered him a shilling, but he declined to take it. Careful observations have shown the following to be about the average growth in twelve years of several vari eties of hard wood when planted in groves and cultivated: White maple becomes one foot in diameter and thirty feet high; ash, leaf maple or box elder, one foot in diameter and twenty feet high; white willow, eighteen inches in diameter and thirty-five feet high; Lorn- bardy poplar, ten inches iu liameter and forty feet high; lue and white ash, ten feet in diameter and twenty five feet high: black walnut and butter nut, ten inches iu diameter and twenty ioei uigu. joaes on ooniriuution boxes are worse off than the boxes themselves, wiuon are never entirely empty, FACTS AND COMMENTS. John Skae was arrested in San Fran oisco, drunk, the other night, and ha gone to iuil iiecuiise he couldn't pay the 85 fine imposed by the court for the offense. In 1876 he could have sold his mining stocks for $10,000,000 but re fused, and they slid out from under him so completely that $5 is beyond his calL The total amount of United States registered bonds is $1,173,000,000. All are held in the United States except $27,894,000. $644,990,000, about half, are in the hands of seventy-three thou sand corporations and individuals, not including national banks or foreign holders. Two-thirds, about $400,000, 000, are held in amounts of over $50, 000. Seven millions are held in sums of less than five hundred dollars. A London paper says that "the queen has. no wish to have Her name associated with whisky. An enterpris ing American whisky manufacturer, it appears, recently sent the queen 'A beautiful barrel of the best distilled waters of Kentucky,' which he called Victoria whisky. He hoped thus to ob tain an advertisement out of her majesty, but the queen showed her good sense by simply declining to receive it." It iBn't best to bring in a verdict until all the e ridence is in. Deacon Gray, of Palmerston, Wis., detected one of his clerks in dishonesty. The young man was not prosecuted, and after a week of seclusion in his own room was allowed to depart from the town. In a prayer meeting at the deacon's church he was warmly praised by the pastor for his supposed forbearance toward the sinner. This brought him to his feet with a con fession that he deserved no credit. The fact was that he had whipped the clerk unmercifully, hurting him so severely that he had spent the week of retire ment abed. Complaints are made in England that dynamite can be purchased without difficulty in any part of the kingdom, and this with unfortunate results. Gren ades of dynamite are employed to kill trout, and hardly a month is said to pass without reports of poachers using the explosive as a means of catching fish. It has been used also as a means of taking one's own life. A case re ported from Yorkshire is of a drunken well-digger, who put an end to his days by exploding a cartridge in his month. His tongue, teeth and maxillary bones were blown to pieces, although his cheeks and lips, for some odd cause, suffered no harm at all. During the month of July there were 102 railroad accidents, of which forty one were in the nature of collisions, fifty-six of derailment, tn-o of boiler ex plosions, two of broken connecting-rods and one was due to a broken wheel. Of the collisions twenty-three were from the rear, seventeen from in front and one from the side. The derailments were due to a variety of causes. Three were fiom broken rails, three from broken wheels, three from broken axles, two from broken trestles, two from broken bridges, one from spreading rails, three from accidental obstruction, eight fiom cattle on tho track, four fi om washouts, one from land-slide, two from mis placed switches, and one each from runaway, flying switch, malicious ob struction, rail purposely removed, and sub-switch purposely misplaced, while nineteen are unaccounted for. Of the collisions, as far as explained, eight came about by tiains breaking in two, four by mistakes or neglect to obey orders, three by misplaced switches and one by fog. The record for the year shows that the greatest number of accidents occurred in January and the smallest in April. The average of deaths by accident was 11-4 daily. How Sponges are Caught. A correspondent of the New Haven (Conn.) Register tells how they fish for sponges in the Bahamas: When a ves sel arrives at the nailing ground it is anchored, and the men in small boats proceed to look for sponges in the water below. The water is a beautiful light blue color, and so clear a sixpence can easily be seen on the white, sandy bottom in thirty-five to forty feet of water. Of course when there is no wind, and the surface of the water is still, the sponges are easily seen, but when a gentle breeze is blowing a "sea glass" is used. A sea-glass consists of a square pine box about twenty inches in length, a pane of glass about 10x12 inches placed in one end, water-tight. To use it, the glass end is thrust into the water, and the face of the operator is placed close to the other. By this means the wave motions of the water are overcome, and the bottom readily seen. Sponges when seen on the bot tom attached to rocks, look like a big black bunch. They are pulled off their natural beds by forked hooks, which are run down under the sponge, which is formed like the head of a cabbage, and the roots pulled from the rocks. hen brought to the surface it is mass of soft, glutinous stuff, which to tne touch feels like soap or thick lelly, When a small boat load is obtained they are taken to the shore, where crawl is built in which they are placed to die, bo that the jelly substance will readily separate from the firm fiber of the sponge. These crawls are built by sticking pieces 01 brush into the sand out of the water, large enough to con tain the catch. It takes from five to six days for the insect to die, when the sponges are beaten with small sticks, and the black glutinous substance falls off, leaving the sponge, after a thorough washing, ready for market. To the fishermen generally the occupation is not a lucrative one. I am told the wages will hardly average three dollars per week, besides board. There is but little diving' for sponges, except for a particularly fine bunch which cannot be got with the hook. The sponge is formed by small insects, and ia the hive in which they live. Different quali ties are found growing side by side, although in certain regions the finer and more valuable sponges are found,. Only n Smile. Only a smile that giron me 5 On the crowded street one day 1 But it pierced the gloom of my saddened heart I.Ike a sndlen sunbeam's ray. The shadow of doubt hung over me;- And the burden of pain I bore, And the voice of Hope I could not hear, Though 1 listened o'er and o'er. But there came a rift in the crowd about, And a face that I knew passed by, And the am lie I caught was brighter to mo Than the blue of a summer sky. For it gave me back the sunshine, And scattered each somber thought, And my heart rejoiced in the kindling warmth Which that kindly smile had wrought. Only a smile from a friendly face On the busy street that day 1 Forgotten as soon as given, perhaps, As the donor went her way. But Btralght to my heart it went speeding To gild the clouds that were there, And I found that of sunshine and life's blue Bkies I also might take my share. Harper't Weekly. HUMOROUS. Spell fat with four letters O B O T. The true way for a woman to drive a nail is to aim the blow square at her thumb. Then she 11 avoid hitting her thumb, anyway. " Smith," said Brown, " there's a for tune in that mine!" "I know," said Smith; "I've put my fortune in It." Philadelphia Sun. A codfish produces 3,686,760 eggs There's millions waiting for the man who succeeds in crossing the codfish with the hen. Boston Post. Sharks will eat cats if they can get hold of them. We shall make arrange ments for shipping large quantities of cats to the seacoast to enjoy bathing fa cilities. New Haven Register. A correspondent writes : " Will you tell us what Mrs. Langtry's maiden name was?" Certainly ; her maiden aim was to marry Mr. Longtry. An Arkansas journal says that ther have in that State a spring so powey fully impregnated with iron that the farmers' horses which drink at it never have to be shod, the shoe growing on their feet naturally. " Thore is a man iu our town, And ho is wondrous wine; Whenever ho has goods to Bell " ' Ho straight doth advertiHO; And when lie finds his goods are gone, With all his might and main Ho hurries in another lot To advertise again." Carrie was six years old and quite a model of propriety; but one day she shocked her mother by doing some thing very much like ordinary naughty children, "why, Unmel" exclaimed Mrs. B., "how could you do such a thing ?" " Other little girls do so," re plied Carrie. " But that doesn't make it right, does it?" asked Mrs. B. "No," answered Carrie, with deliberation. but it makes it a good deal more comf'able." Young man, bo happy hoot, holler. skip, gambol and snap your fingers at the nightmare of a new overcoat for next winter. LaBt fall a Canadian genius shivered awhile and then reflected awhile, and the result was the purchaso of a box of mustard plasters. These were distributed around on his frame where they would do the most good, and while men in beaver overcoats shiv ered with cold he was warm and happy in his shirt sleeves. One dollar takes you through a hard winter, and you come out in spring fat. tree Press. Now the papers are predicting a lum ber famine. Good gracious, have we got to go through that horror, too. Have we got to sit idly by and suffer, withnc sixteen-foot board to fill an empty stomach, no bunch of shingles to cool our parched tongue, no cedar poats to till a want long felt, and no bundles of lath to press our fevered lips? Thin is too much. We could stand the famine in box cars, predicted -last spring, but to cut off our supply of lumber, just as we have got a new bottle cf stomach bitters for an appetizer, is piling the agony on too thick. Peck's Sun. Fish that Fly. An old sailor said there was nothing on land not to be found in the sea. There are Bea cucumbers and carrots, and many other sea vegetables that look very much like those whose names they bear. Some of the fish even have names like those of land animals. There are hog-fish, sea-horses, toad-fishes and sea cows. One very lovely fish is the angel-fish. But the most carious of all is the flying-fish, which has broad fins like wing'. This fish is shaped and colored some thing like a niackei el. Its back is blue and its under parts are white. When it flies it takes short flights from the top of one wave to the top of another. The flying squirrel can fly, in this way, from a high point up on a tree to one lower down. They are plentiful near the West Indies, where the water is warm. In the morning the sailor may find a dead fish on the deck. It had seen the lights that the vessel carries at night and flown toward them. It could fly high enough to reach the ves sel's deck, but could not fly across it. It may have struck a boom or sail and fallen dead from the blow. After this they grow more numerous, and you will see them in the daytime. They will fly out of the water in front of the ship in little groups, looking like flocks of swallows. Their -white sides will gleam like silver in the sun. They cannot fly far, perhaps a hundred yards. After wetting their wings or fins they then can fly farther on. They look as if they enjoyed their life in the air, but they do not always fly for pleasure. The dolphin, a very fierce and fast swimming fish, hunts them in the water. When the poor flying-fish tries to escape him, the great sea-birds, the gulls and pelicans, seize them as they fly out. They are very good to eat. The people in the islands about which they live catch them in dip nets and fry them. Sitting Bull is getting fat and corres pondingly sancy. A few days in the guard-house and short rations would do that gentleman good.