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The Elk County advocate. [volume] (Ridgway, Pa.) 1868-1883, September 22, 1881, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026259/1881-09-22/ed-1/seq-4/

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' ' The CarclcRB tso of Ice. ' '
r.IMs only in this country that ice
.enter ro lardr into the apparent com
fort of its inhabitants, and a very dan
gerous comfort it is, Dyspor&ki and a
.number of evils follow directly in the
train of the consumption of ice. To
the great pitchers of iced water so
temptingly displayed on Lot days may
be traced a number of maladies, for it is
evident that no person can, without
danger, snddenly and violently lower
the temperature of his stomach' by fill
ing it full of water at thirty-two degrees
Fahrenheit. That valuable organ will
certainly resent the insult, especially if
followed up by repeated injuries of the
same kind. In the tropics, where the
ioe has more temptations surrounding
it than in any other part of the world,
the iuhabitaats most carefully avoid it.
Tori cannot get a Cuban to indulge in
iced water. People who have been
previously addicted to the foolish habit
of using ice-water, after visiting the
West Indies, forever eschew the dan-
gerous practice. A party of men who
recently visited San Domingo on busi
ness (who would go there for any other
reason?) on the first arrival mourned
greatly at the absence of ice. "Ah,"
said thoy, " when the English Bteamer
runs iu here we will go aboard and
have a treat in the shape of good iced
brandy and soda."
Tho steamer arrived in due time. The
ardent foreigners jnmped into the boat
of the captain of the port (a negro gor
geously arrayed in uniform covered
with gold luce) and, barely saluting the
captain, rushed to the saloon for the
coveted refreshment. It was duly ab
sorbed, and the whole party rendered
ill in consequence. Nono of them huve
ever touched ice since that time. In
yie West Indies it is only the colored
race which patronizes ice to the white
people it is not only no luxury, but a
dangerous enemy. Ice has its uses ; in
the hospitals it is invaluable; for the
preseivation of provisions, especially
fish, it is useful, although detrimental
to flavor if allowed to touch the meats
to be preserved ; but as an article of
human consumption it should be avoid
ed. There is yet an essay to be written
upon the maladies and woes produced
by the careless consumption of ice. It
is only with us that this takes place.
Abroad, ice is simply a .'uxury only re
sorted to at times ; oven in California
the residents ro wary of it. In short,
ice is e very good friend iu moderation,
but a bitter enemy when the intimacy
is too absorbing. Nets York Hour.
A Cnrioiw Trai.
Among tho discoveries made recently
in the great dead sea of the West, were
soma gigantic oyster shells, more than
six feet long, each pair of which once
contained an animal that the average
boy render of St. Nicholas could not
lift. In other localities shells of but
one valve wore found fifteen feet long,
and each of these was inhabited by a
cuttle fish, that forced itself through
the water by a method like that used to
shoot a rocket up into the air; and
some authorities say that these cnttle
fish attained a length of even thirty
feet. These lonar fellows had a long
dame, Orthocerotite, and they had a
cousin, tho Ammonite, which grew as
large as a cart-wheel.
Such were some of the shells of a
thousand years ago; to-day tho only
really largo shell is of the clam family.
It is named Tridacna gigas, and is found
in the Pacific ocean; the length of its
life being sixty or seventy years. It
grows imbeded in the coral, and is fa3t-
T A - J 1 1 , 1 11 1,1
eueu to mo tucks vj a cora caiiea me
byssns, which is so tough that itjean
only be cut with an ax. The shells
themselves are six feet long, each valve
weighing more than two hundred and
fifty pounds; while the animal part
often weighs thirty cr forty pounds.
When alive, the tridacna lies with its
great valves ajar, capturing any food
that may pass within the scalloped
edges. A shark was once caught in
thi3 way, as shown in the picture.
Swimming along in search of food, he
unwarily passed into the doorway of
the preat clam's house, his tail rudely
striking the animal. Like a flash the
tremendous jaws snapped together,
squeezing the man-eater as if he were
in a vice, and rendering him utterly
powerless. As the tide went down, the
shark's head appeared above water,
thrashing about and churning up the
sea. The hubbub attracted the atten
tion of some natives, who soon cap
tured both shark and clam. St. Nicho
las. Quill Pens.
An advertisement in a New York paper
for an experienced quill pen cutter
called out an interview with tho only
quill pen importer and manufacturer in
that city. Ho said that twenty years ago
there were several quill pen makers
here and in other cities. Now one iu
Philadelphia and himself are all that he
knows. Qaill pens are nsed mainly by
old lawyers and judges, partly from cut
torn, but chiefly because they are easy
to write with. "Most of the quills come
from Itnssia. The Ilnssian goose has a
hardier quill than our geese. An nn
clarirled pen from the wing of aKnssian
goose is the most durable. The German
quills have tho best plumage. A two
dozou box of good quills will last two or
three months easily for a man who knows
how to mend his own pens.
The instrument nsed in pen making
is the ordinary blade of the penknife,
inserted firmly intu a wooden handle of
peculiar shape, tapering to a point. A
pen is made with two cuts or three. The
blunt end of the quill is first cut off,
because it is not tough. Then the point
of the handle is inserted, and the quill
is carefully split for a certain distance.
Two slashing cuts then form the nib,
and the pen is done. The plumage is
neatly trimmed.
Swan quills are sometimes nsed for
pens, but are very much more expensive
than the common goose quill. Quill
pens are sold at retail for about three
shillings a dozen. The demand is steady,
such as it is, but it is growing less year
by year.
Public Debt.
The following is an official statement
of the total State and looal indebted
ness of the United States :
State debt 1200,377,310
Oonntydebt 125,453,100
Township debt '. 30,l!t0,6bl
HohooJ debt 17,493,110
Debt of cities sad towns of 7,500
population and over 710,535,924
Debt of other municipalititn.... 56,310,209
Gross debt 11,200,359,514
Deduct sinking funds 115,051,121
Total net debt $1,065,808,393
Since 1S70 there has been a decrease
of twenty-five per cent, in State
debts, and a decrease of eight per cent,
in county debts. But there has been
an increase in municipal debts of 100
per oent, '
-THE. FA1UI AND HOUSEHOLD. .
Lltnr,
Lime benefits the soil partly by sup
plying plant food, as almost all the use
f oilplants contain considerable lime, and
partly by decomposing inert substances
m.the soil. Lime liberates fixed am
monia, decomposes vegetable matter
and destroys the acidity of sour soil. Its
absence from the soil is generally shown
by the presence of useless or noxious
plants, and its presence is ordinarily in
dicated by the growth of tho more
valuable plants. When refuse lime can
be obtained it is one of the cheapest
fertilizers that can be employed.
Old I'nMnrcn.
A few years since, says a writer, I
had an old pasture that hud almost run
out, covered with weed and patched
with moss. I mixed a few barrels of
salt and wood ashes, and applied about
two barrels of the mixtnro per acre,
covering about half the lot. The result
surprised me. Before fall the moss had
nearly all disappeared and the weeds
were rapidly following suit, while the
grass camo in thick, assuming a dark
green color, and made fine pasturage.
The balance of the lot remained unpro
ductive as bf fore, but the following year
was saltod, with like results.
Hone lor 1'ouliry.
Some persons are in the habit of burn
ing the bones before feeding them to
poultry. It is true that after being
burned they are much easier broken up,
but the raw bones contain a large
amount of gelatine, which is a most ex
cellent food for making hens lav, and
gelatine also contains a large amount of
nitrogen, which is driven into the
atmosphere by the heat. When the
bones are ted raw this nitrogen is re
tained, and having done duty as food
for the poultry and constituting part of
their systems it is still capable of again
doing duty as a fertilizer, but once be
coming free nitrogen in the atmosphere
it is not so easy a matter to combine it
in such a manner that it shall be ren
dered available as plant food. In pound
ing raw bone it is not necessary t j make
it so fine as people suppose, for a hen
will swallow a much larger piece than
many would think possible, and when
once in her crop it will be digested and
properly economized.
I'nil llnlrv ( own l.lbcrnlly.
Wo believe, says the National Lire
Stock Jourval, the dairyman should
study how he mny produce all the food
necessary for his cows upon his own'
farm, and that ho should niuko all the
provision that an intelligent foresight
can do; but ho should never suffer his
herd to go with deficient food, even for
one week, for this he cannot afford to
do. And that we may encourage him
to be liberal, oven when his pasture
is short, and he has no extra green food
for them, let us compare tho extra cost
of nutriment in some by-product, such
as bran, cotton-seed meal, linseed meal,
corn meal, etc., some one of which the
dairyman may always find near at hand,
with pasture grass. Pasture grass has
about eighty-nine per cent, of water,
and the nutriment in 100 pounds of it
is supposed to bo worth twenty-one
cents. The nutriment of nineteen
pounds of fine bran is just equal to 100
pounds of pasture grass; ten pounds of
cotton seed meal, twelve pounds of lin
seed meal, or ten pounds of corn meal,
is equal to 100 pounds of grass. Now
100 pounds of pasture grass is a ration
for an ordinary-sized cow per day. If
the pasture, then, is short one-third, Or
one-half, or in any other proportion, it
is easy to make up this deficiency by
feeding some one or several of these
foods, which are so easily handled. It
is seldom that more than one-third
would have to be fed to make a full
ration on short pasture. Let U3 sup
pose the danyman to be feeding seven
pounds of fine bran ; this, at 87 per
ton, would cost l.S cents iier day, or
about nineteen cents per week. Xow.the
extra milk per week produced by this
bran would mnca nioro than pav the
cost. If he should feed, instead of
bran, four pounds of linseed meal, it
would cost him twenty-eight cents per
weok ; or if 3 12 pounds of cotton
seed meal, would cost twenty-two cents
per week ; or 0 1-3 pounds of corn
meal, twenty to thirty-five cents
per cow, per week. If he has the com
mand of all these, let him make np a
ration nearly as follows : Four pounds
bran, one-half linseed meal, and 1 1-2
pounds corn meal to each cow per day,
which will probably cost only twenty
cents per week and will keep a generous
flow of milk till tho fall rains renew
the pasture, and tho extra food can be
discontinued. We have known many
who have used an extra ration similar
to this during short pasture, and never
found one who reported it unprofitable.
The ration may be varied to suit all
circumstances. Corn meal will be
found cheap in some localities ; bnt it
is always best to mix some bron with
it j and in most parts of all our broad
dairy belt bran will be found the cheap
est extra food to make up for short
pasture.
llrccdiuir Hon.
The Prairie Farmer has an able article
ra this subject. To be practical, it
says, this interesting native, the
breeding sow, should be, as anything
else upon the farm, first rate broad,
lengthy, deep, short-snouted, of fine
bone, with tail well set on, a thin ear
and skin gathering in folds even to the
hock, and of a breed that will fatten on
clover and grass in summer and on
mangolds in. winter, sliced and sprinkled
with ground corn and oats. Various
are the breeds nowadays possessing
such characteristics. Wherever they
may hail from you will have no great
difficulty in obtaining what you want,
especially if you attend our 'State and
county fairs, or proceed on a tour of in
spection among the more prominent
and successful breeders of the country.
Grudge not a few extra dollars, whilo
on such a journey, in tho purchase of
an exemplary sow-in-pig to begin with.
It is loss of time, besides disappoint
ment, to buy second-rate stock, however
excellent your judgment may be. with
the purpose of improving it. Climb as
far as you can on the shoulders of
others who have pioneered before you,
and then take np the path. You will
be passed in turn, never fear, by some
one now a small boy munohing a crust.
Start, however, as forward as you can,
nd do your best while your hours
lasts. Reserve for breeding the sows
which have about ten or twelve
teats. Retain not, however, more than
nine of a litter, if you get so many. It
is curious how jealously nature has
taught the pigling to recognize and ad
here to his own peculiar one or pair of
teats. The sow sixteen weeks with young,
should be managed that she be ready
to farrow in March and September, as
oold weather is death to little pigs. A
high bred lot are apt to drop their tails.
This disfigurement, however, for such
it is, may be prevented to" a certain de
gree by a light dose of phybio (b, lasie
of oil in sweet milk, which, they will
drink), and anointing the sore place
with a little digestive ointment, such
as any druggist can prepare. Around
the sty iu which tho breeding sow is
kept at th time of farrowing there
should be run a couple of rails, one
above the other, a foot from the wall,
the lowest being about three-quarters
of a foot from the ground. The great
risk at such time i". of the littlo pigs
being smothered by her lying helplessly
upon them in her pain, whereas if there
be a rail she is likely to bear against
it, so that tho little ones, if they havo
the bad luck to get underneath, will
either work themselves out, or escape
the direct burden of her direct weight.
'Ihey soon learn worldly wisdom enough
to take refuge behind, where you
should have a little soft straw or hay
for their especial rise. Under the sow
at farrowing time there should bo little
or no straw, us with tho best disposi
tion she is then more apt to annihilate
some of the wee ones who may be lost
to sight, having gone burrowing on
their own behalf. The best practice,
however, is to have her watched and
tho little ones taken from her as
iney appear, ana 11 tue weather is
cold, kept near the fire in a
hamper for a day or two, being carried
to and fro for suckling. This entails a
little tiouble, but it is well repaid, as
you may so save a whole litter, three
fourths of which, if left with her, the
chances are you may find with their
tongues out "done to death within
twenty-four hours after birth. As soon
as they are pretty strong upon their
legs and can expostulate lustily you
may leave thf m in the fenced sty with
mamma altogother, having taken care
first to initiate them into tho secret of
their harbor (tho railing around the
wall). All this a savage mother will
not allow; nay, often she will devour
her offspring if meddled with at all.
As a preventive against this awkward
finale a wash of aloes and water into
which tho piglings are dipped, just
newly farrowed, has been used. A
" fond parent" of this sort, it will pay
you best, however, to fatten and con
sume in turn. Gentle sows are sum
ciontly attainable to permit the iainic
diate sacrifice of a savage. If the woo
ones be oiling a hot bath fer them and
a dose of castor oil (say four ounceR)
to the mother, of which they will en
joy a reversion through her milk, as
safo and usually successful treatment,
That the sow will reqniro warm fopd,
gruel, etc., after her labor, and must
be carefully tended and not hi hly fed
for some days, it is almost superfluous
to remark. Indeed, unless the tyro
have servants about his stock
who of themselves will exercise
such ordinary thought, we will have a
verv mountain to surmount. We rnav
notice only that boiled food promotes
especially tho now of mult, and that
for those sows which litter in autumn
lettuces are tho most wholesome and
juiciest of food. Toward weaning time
turn out tho sow occasionally by her
self, and accustom the nursery to take
warm milk and slops on their private
account. This will grease tho slips of
their final launch into life, which should
take place as soon as they have shivered
through the ninth week, when the
matron should bo thinking of baby
linen again. Mind and do your little
pigs well. Tho sow should bo richly
fed throughout the nursing, so that
when yon wean the litter they shall bo
pretty stout to shirt on their own ac
count. Still, at the best, it is a tick
lish period when they are first put over
the nest. Ruinous as cruel is the policy
of stinting on infant. It is far better
for you to keep half a dozen in good
trim, ready ever for pork or winter
baconers, than half a hundred trotting
everlastingly, half fed, about the yard
scabby, wizzen-looking and pot-bellied
in anxious search for anything to sat
isfy the pangs of their hunger. Starved
in infancy, young stock seems to lose
not only size, but in a great degree its
aptitude to fatten.
Clover an a Fertilizer.
All plants draw much of their food
from the atmosphere, and of those used
in agriculture none are exceeded by
clover in the large proportion of nutri
ment thus derived. In this respect
other leguminous crops are much like
red clover. Here we include all the
clovers, vetches, beans, peas, sainfoin,
lupins and lucerne.
To keep up the fertility of our soil,
we must restore to it phosphoric acid,
potash, nitrogen and other substances
which are found in furm crops. Of the
three very important and valuable sub
stances just named nitrogen is the most
precious and costly to obtain. In vari
ous places there are abundant supplies
of potash and phosphoric acid. As may
be said, these are " in sight." Agricul
tural chemists are now studying on the
problem of the future supply'of nitrogen
for agricultural purposes. So far,
clover seems to be tho important factor
in this problem.
Whoie crops of clover are often
plowed under, to restore or keep up the
ertility of the soil; but I am safe in
saying that it has been proven a better
practice to cut off the clover, feed it,
and use the manure than to plow under
tho whole crop. In other words-for
various reasons, all of which may not
seem plain it has been shown that
plowing under a clover-stubble is fol
lowed by about as good results (often
butter) as though the whole crop was
turned under. Again, Vcelcker shows
that laud on which clover has been
grown for seed in the preceding year
yields a better crop of wheat than it
does when the clover is mown twice for
hay, or even once only, and afterward
fed off by sheep.
Says Dr. Vudoker, in the " Journal "
of tho Royal Agricultural Society of
Lngland :
" 1. A good crop of clover removes
from tho soil more potash, phosphorio
acid, lime, and other mineral matters,
which enter into tho composition of the
ashes of our cultivated crop), than any
other crop usually grown in this country.
VS. There is fully throe times as much
nitrogen iu a crop of clover as in the
average produce of the grain and straw
of wheat per acre.
3. Clover is an excellent preparatory
crop for wheat.
4. During tho growth of clover a
largo amount of nitrogenous matter ac
cumulates in tho soil.
5. This accumulation, which is great
est in the surface soil, is due to decaying
leaves, dropped during the growth of
clover, and to an abundance of roots,
containing, when dry, from one and a
half to tw j per cent, of nitrogen.
6. The clover roots are stronger and
more numerous and more leaves fall on
the ground when clover is grown for
seed than when it is mown for hay. In
consequence, more nitrogen is left after
olover-seed than after hay.
7. The crop causes ft large aocumuU-
tion of nitrogenous matter, whioh are
gradually, changed in the soil to nitrates.
8. Clover not onlv provides an abund
ance of nitrogenous food, bnt delivers
iiim iuoa in a readily avaiiuuie iorm
(as nitrates) more cradually ani con
tinuously, and with more certainty of a
good result, that such food be applied
to the land in the shape of nitrogonous
spring top-dressings.
PnOP. W.J. DEATi.
Hfclpes.
Rice Fkttit Pudding. Ono largo tea
cup rice, a little water to cook it par
tially; dry; lino an earthon basin with
the rice; fill up withquartored apple or
any fruit you choose. Cover with nee.
Tie a cloth over the top and steam one
hour. To be eaten with sweet sauce.
Do not butter the dish,
.Potato Puddiso One pound pota
toes boiled and well m&shed, one-qnar-ter
pound of butter stirred in while
warm, two ounces of sugar, the rind of
half a lemon chopped fine with the
juice, a teacnpful of milk; butter the
tin, put in the mixtwe, and bake in a
moderate oven for half an hour; two
eggs may be added.
Cookies. Three and one-half cups
flour, one cup sugar (a little heaped),
half cup butter, one third cup rich milk
or cream, two eggs, half teaspoonful
soda; work the butter until creamed
and beat the sugar smoothly into it,
then add the soda dissolved in the milk;
let the whites of the eggs be beaten to
a st'ff froth and add the last thing be
fore the flour.
Pancakes Beat up three eggs and a
quart of milk; make it up into a batter
with flour, a little salt, a spoonful of
ground ginger and a lntle grated
lomon-peel; let it be of a fine
thickness and perfectly smooth. Clean
your frvincr-nan thoroughly, and
put into it a good lump of dripping or
bntter; when it is hot pour in a cupful
of batter and let it all run over of an
equal thickness; shako tho pan fre
quently that the batter may not stick,
ami when you think it is done on one
side toss it over; if yon cannot, turn it
with a slice, and when both are of a nice
light brown, lav it ou a dish before the
fire; strew sugar over it aud so do tho
rest. They should be eaten directly, or
they will brcorne heavy.
CiiARLurrn Russe. Soak two-thirds
of a box of gelatine in a cup of good
milk; put three Clips of good cream to
scald in an inner boiler; beat the yolks
of six eggs to a thick foam; stir and
dissolve the gelatine in the cream at the
boiling point; add a lound saltupoonful
of salt; beat a heaping cup of sugar to
tho yolks of egg, letting the cream and
gelatine stai.d meanwhile where they
will be kept, scalling hot; pour the
cream gradually to the yolks and sugar,
beating the while; continue :o beat till
all is quite light and cold; give it into a
second hand to keep beating, whilo you
beat the whites of eggs to a stiff froth;
add the whi'es of eggs, and beat all to
gether to a fine froth; flavor with two
teaspoonfulsof any extract.and turn into
molds lined with slices of sponge-cake.
Do not use stale cake; that is only fit to
be made into puddings in which it will
be recooked. Provide cake nice and
fresh enough for tho tea-table.
A Wrecked Crew's Terrible Experience.
The Philadelphia 'Timet reports the
adventures of James Fisher, chief officer
of the bark Brunswick, which left Phila
delphia for New Orleans May 16, aud
was wrecked off the coast of Charleston
during her return voyage in the terrible
cyclone of July 27 and 28. Fisher says:
Wo were about seventy-five miles off
Charleston, just a little to tho north,
perhaps, and apparently in the very
vortex of the cyclone. We decided to
throw the deckload, comprising some
thirty-five thousand feet of timber,
overboard. Well, over it went. We
went along better for awhile, but only
for awhile. Our hold was rapidly fill
ing. Wo felt that the vessel must sink,
and we threw oyer everything that we
could get rid of in the hope of saving
her. In trying to break tho anchor
away Theodore Shadduek, a Greek
sailor, was swept overboard. I saw him
on the crest of a mighty wave behind us
and I thought he would bo swept back,
He seemed to think so, too, for he
called out, ' All rightee, sir." But in
a moment after he threw np his arms
and disappeared. It was every man for
himself, and so I told the men. They
blubbered for awhile, of course; death's
a terrible thing when it comes and
laughs right in your face. " No use,
men," said I, "every man's got to go
some time. If any of you can pray, why
pray. Now is the time. But don't let
us be women. Let us die like men."
Six of us lashed ourselves to the
stump of i he mizzenmast and three to
the spanker-boom. There wo cowered,
the sea beating over us, until at last the
cabin broke up and the stump of the
mizzenmast shot up into the air. We
disengaged ourselves as rapidly as pos
sible. e crawled for our lives to a
beam that served to fasten the skylight
and lashed ourselves to that. The hull
broke up and the cargo Moated up
around us. We were ou nothing but a
raft composed of a part of the deck,
When we counted heads there was but
six of us. The rest had floated off and
were drowned, we scarcely knew how.
It was pitch dark and we could hear
nothing but the awful rear of the ele
ments. So we lay there all night, fight
ing the sea and wreck. Heavy logs forty
feet long were whipped up and twirled
around like shingles. I got just a little
tap of one. It knocked all my front
teeth down my throat. In the morning
we banded ourselves together so that
the wind could strike us made a sail of
ourselves, so to speak and we slowly
worked ourselves freo fr m the debus
So we drifted that day and the next,
hungry, thirsty and despairing. Three
of our men who had boon drinking salt
water began to liwn their minds. One
the negro steward wanted to eat his
bands. The two others sailors
imagined they were still in the fore
castle of tho vessel and engaged in a
quarrel over an imaginary theft of to
bacco aud wanted to kill each other with
their knives. Wo could scarcely con
trol them, but we managed it somehow,
We had drifted down near Savannah
after vainly striving to signal passing
vessels. We were weak and helpless
and had almost given up hope, when
pilot-boat JNo. 5, Captain James uen,
sighted us and took us up.
Said Mrs. Younehusband, " Charlie,
wny is it you never talk with me as you
did before we were married I notice
that yon talk fast enough with other
women." " DeareBt," replied Charlie,
without taking his eyes off his news
paper, "don't you know that people
talk to conceal their thoughts 7 I have
nothing to conceal from you, love," In
another moment he was deep in the
stook market reports, while something
V, . . 41 A A -.. ,i ,il i 1 1 V a ll, n ml in ,t:
trembled on the lipa of Mrs. Younghue
band as she slowly left ine room.
Their-tatxrnenfs Indorsed.
Pittsburg Catholic
A strong statement unqualifiedly in
dorsed must induce confidence. In this
connection we note the following from
Dr. Louis Bock & Son, Sheboygan,
Wis.: We have been handling St.
Jaoobs Oil and are pleased with the
large demand. Hardly a day goes by
without hearing from some one or
another of our patrons having used it
with entire satisfaction, saying it is the
best thing they ever triod, and we join
them in so saying.
The preacher took for his toxt : "He
giveth His beloved sleep." And then
he said, as he glanced around, that the
way his congregation had worked itself
into the affection of the Lord was
amazing. Boston Post.
Boston fllass.) Cultivator. -Mr.
M. F. Morse, Westboro. Mass.,
mentions to us the giatifijing informa
tion that St. Jacobs Oil relieved him of
a very severe attack of sciatic rheuma
tism and is an excellent thing.
A water monster is said to inhabit the
Mokelumne river above Jackson, Cal.
The Chinese are in mortal terror over
it, and say that tho creature has killed
one of their number.
f'nrrd of Drinking.
A young friend of miuo was cured of an In
satiable thirst for liquor, that had bo prostrated
his eysletii tuat ho was unable to do any busi
ness. Ho was entirely cured by the nee of Hop
Hitters. It allayed ail that burning thirst, took
away the appi-tiio for liquor, made hi nervos
steady, and lieha-4 runiHinml a sober ami sternly
man "for more than two years, and lias no rto
eire to return to liis cups, and I know of a
number of others that havo been cured of
drinking by it. From a Leading li. H. Official,
Chicago, 11.
A man on Cumberland mountain,
Tennessee, is shipping wild ferns to
the North and realizing a good profit.
KKSlTEn FROM DEATH.
William .1. Conghlin, of Somorvillo, Maps., says: In
Hie (all of 1X761 w-a taken with ulnertini: of the itinn.
followed by a sevcro couh. I lost my appetite aud
flesh, and was confined to my bed. In lS77Iwas ad
mitted to the hospital. Tho doetore said 1 had a nolo
in my limp a3hi at a hall-dollar. At one lime arc-l-ort
went around that I wus dead. I pavo np hoj-e,
but a friend told me of Dr. William Hall's Balsam
for the Ll-nor. I pot a bottle, when, to my surprise,
1 eoniinenecd to feel better, and to-day I feel better
than for three years post. I writo this hoping ewry
one afllieted with diseased lunss will take l)n. Wil
liam Hall's Balsam, and bo convinced that cos-
UMiTtoNCANurccuiiL-ii. I can positively say it has
ono more Rood thau nil the other nicdleiu-js 1 huvo
tkun since my sickness.
WAU It ANTED VOIt 31 YEAKS
axd xt:vi:n vmled
To cmK Oronp, fcnams, TMarrluca, Ihsentcrv and
&ea hicKnesH, t-tKen lUKTiiany, utut iii.Ai(.. l l:l',u
oWectiv Ii.irmlcs; Hlo extcniiiliy, Oils, linil-cs,
lirotiit- Uhi-uiiiatiHin. Old Sore, rain in lie limits.
wk and rli-st. Sneh a remedy is Dr. TOlilAS'
KM 1 IAN MMJItM.
I ?- i one once truiii; it will ever bo without it:
overliihl phsiciaus use it.
i'i ( cuts will liny n Ti-eniixe upon the
Horse and his Diseases. Book of lot) pajios. Yultutblo
o every owner of horses. Tostao stamps taken.
Sent postpaid by NEW YOUK NliW Sl'Al'liU EMUS,
1 .Vl Worth Street. New York.
1 11 i; M Al.KKTS.
M'.W Yil'.lK.
Beef Cuttle Med. Nat. live wt.
n
(if,
lt4
e" :.
Ives Cioo.l to Prime c-nl..
it (")
4 H
5 (K
K.V'4
0 Oil 0i)
5 70 fil.
Sheep
Lambs
Hogs Live
7
!l
7 75
H 0:)
Drawn, city
Flour Kx. State, good to fancy
esU'tn, good to cmueo
Wheat No. 2 lied
1 4ii!. 1 17
No. 1 Whito
1 ;
1 41' ;
1 07
live Slate
1 01
B5
Barlev Two-rowed Srate
S'.l
?5
57
41
70
23
Corn UngradodVostevnJlixed
Southern Yellow
72r,(J
Oats White State
.. 51
Jlixetl Wc-stern
,. 42
.. C5
.. 00
... 20
..19 75
..12 10
..12 50
llav Primo Timothy
H
H
Straw No. 1, live
Hops State, 1881
66
i oi k .Mess, new, lor export
Lard City Steam
M20 0,
W,12 40
CU2 50
H 7'i
Helmed
rctroloum Crude
Helmed
Butter Stato Creamery
35
2S
2li
18
Dairy
Western Iui. Creamery
Factory
Oft
0b
Cheeso Stato Factory
UK
Mams
Western
(t)
12
Eggs Stato and Pcnu
21'jO 22
l'ot atoes Early ltose,Mato,bbl 2 5'J
(a 3 ao
BUFFALO.
Steers Extra 0 25
Lambd Western 5 00
Sheep Western 4 70
(fj C ".)
H 5 50
Co) 5 CIO
dC C S3
(n 7 25
Ot) 141
nogs, liooii tocnoieo lorKors.. t o
Flour C'v Ground, No. 1 Spring (i 75
Wheat No. I. HardDuliith
1 44
Corn No. 2 Jlixcd
Oats No 2 Mix. West
70.V.I) 70.'
43 0i 48
00 0J) 00
Barley Two-rowed Stato
BOSTON.
Beef Extra plato and family.
Hogs Live
Hogs City Dressed ,
Pork Extra Prime per bbl . . ,
1'lonr Spring Wheat Patents
1150 ffi:i3 00
ft 1 1' frh hi?
15 00 ( 5 50
8 00
On 8 73
0b 77
0i 50
Corn Mixed and Yellow 7.1
Oats Extra Whito 52
l!yo State 1 10
Wool Washed Combi Delaine 42
(b 1
15
11
yo
Unwashed " " 2J
on
WATEItTOWN (MASS.l CATTLE MAUKLT.
Beef Cattlo Live weight 4 On
Sheep 4 ftj
Lambs 5 06
c1.
51
o1
s, Northern 8,VrS
PHILADELPHIA.
Flour Penn. Ex. Family, fair. 7 23 OT) 7 25
W heat No. 2 lied 1 4( 0b 1 4l5
live State 1 10 of, 1 pi
Corn Stato Yellow 7P '.on 7!'-:
Oats Mixed 3S Oh ys
Butter Creamery, Extra I'a... 35 On 30
Cheeso New Y'ork Full Cream. 121f5 12
Petroleum Crude WJt 71
lielinud 7 V4 V,
Vegetine.
Female Weaknesses.
Xo better remedy In tho whole materia meilica has
yet been coniiKmndoil for the Micf aud euro of
Female Complaint, of the ordinary kind, than,
Vegetine. It seem to art in those cases with un
wonted certainty, and never fails to give a now and
healthful tune to the fcinulu orcaus, to remove re
laxed debility and unhealthy secretions, aud restore
a healthful vigor and elasticity. One of the most
common of thvue complaint is Leucorrhccct
White, which are brought on either by the presence
of Scrofula in the s stem, or by some ailertiou of the
womb, or oven by general debility. For all these
complaints, and when dunftfr bek'ius to threaten
woman at the turn of life, Veoetinb can be com
mended without qualiiiciition. The Kreat prevalence
of these disorders, and their cure by Veuktine, has
amply shown that the sure alleviating aent remains
not yet to bo discovered, but is already known, and
is a favorite with American lad its. Too lontf has it
been the custom to nresenbe nauseating aud uncer
tain remedieH in place of what in pleasant, eJncacious
andchuap. Try VtotriNE. and do not doubt its power
to carry you Bafely through danger and disease.
A Splendid Medicine Heart and Kid
ney Disease, Female Weakness.
GsuoosvrtXE, HI., July 25, 1878.
H. It. Stevens, Boston Dear Bir: I was afflicted
with Jeatt and KiHy Ditta aud other Fcmule
WtaknMM, aud doctored with severul physieians and
receiver, no neneui uuiu i ineu your vegktine, aud
alter taking two bottle 1 was completely cured,
ana nave ieeii uwhuj "iu ct mute, anuon
lamin mv i'JLth vcar. I do heartilv rernmnwiiri it a
MBplfudid medicine to all afflicted as I have been.
and 1 bleb the day mat u kii into mv nan at.
MliS. MAKIA UOBSON,
Vegetine.
riiEPAEUD BY
H. It. STEVENS, Boston, Mass,
Vegetinp is Sold by All Druggists.
Thnt Terrible Fndemte,
Fever and ague, shatters tho most vigorous
constitution and physique, andtbe after effect
of the alkaloid often taken to arrost it, sulphate
of quiuino, are scarcely leas pernlelong. The
bost remody proven io be bo, not alone in
mularia-striekon regions on this continent, bnt
also in those portions of South and Central
America whore malarial fovei s are most preva
lent and malignant is Hostotter's Stomach
Bitters. Its remedial and preventive effects as
an opponent of intermittent and remittent
fovers are owing to its tonic, regulating in
fluence upon the liver, etomacu anil Dowels.
By it theso co-operating organs, upon the Joint,
harmonious action of which depends the health
and vigor of the system, are made to act like
clock-work. The consequence is that digestion,
assimilation and soeretion are thorough, and
the system sustained and dofended against
miasmatio influences.
There is a young laly in Rookuk,
Iowa, who is six feet four inches tall,
aud she is engaged to be married. The
man who won her did it in these
words : " Thy beauty sets my eoul
aclow I'd wed thee right or wrong ;
man wants but little h:re below, but
wants that little long." Buffalo Ex
press. no Ye Mice Foolish.
For ten year my wife was confined to her
lied ttith such a complication of ailments that
no doctor could toll what was the matter or
euro hor. and I used up a small fortune in,
humbug stuff. Six months ago I saw a United
States ling with Hop bitterson it, and 1 thought
i n.,,,,1,1 l,i f,,l nnen more. I tried it. but
my folly proved to be wisdom. Two bottles
cured her. Sho is now as well and strong as
any man's wife, and it cost me only two dollars.
Bo yo likewise foolish. If. If., lMroit, Mich.
The poison of a bee sting maybe
forced out by pressing the barrel of a
small kev firmly for a minute over the
wound. No wound or swelling will ie
suit.
fn Ani-tl T.nat.
Twenty-four members of Arlington's minstrels
wore taking Warner's Safo Kidney and Liver
uuo. it niauo mem nappy.
The statistics of the ferries which ply
between New York and the towns and
cities adjacent carry, in the course of a
year, upward of 100,000, OUU passengers
Tcbe Cod Liver Oil made from selected
liver, on tho soashore, by Caswem, Hazard &
Co.. jscw York. It is abbolutely pure and
sweet, l'atieiits who have onoo taken it prefer
it to all others, rhvsiei.ns havo decidod it
superior to any of tho otiier oils in market.
'J.I f'eiu. Will ltnv
Treatise nnou tho Jturso and his Diseases.
Hook of 100 pages. Valuable to overv ow ner
of homes. Postage stamps taken. Sent post
paid by Now York Newspaper Union, 150 Worth
otrocr, acw lone.
Vegetink. The great success ot the Veoe-
ise as a cleanser and purifier ol uio blood m
shown beyond a doubt by tho great numbers
no havo taken it. anil recoiveu immediate.
elicf, with Biich remarkable cures.
" Kouch on lints."
Asl; Druggists lor it. ,t clears out rats. mice.
roaches, bed-hues. Hies, vermin, insects. 15c.
There was a young man sn well bred,
That the hair would not stay ou his head,
lint the C.MinoLINE oil
l'ut new hair on the soil,
And now w ith an heiress he's wed.
(Tli Is engraving represents the Lunjs In a healthy state )
A STANDARD REMEDY
IN MANY HOMES.
For CniiirliN, C'ilt, Ci nim, Di-fiiietiitNonrt all
ther :ill i-liriiis cil the Tin mil inel I.I MiS, it
uuiIh imrivuled aud utterly beyond all eomietition.
IN CONSUMPTIVE CASES
It aiiroaehes no near a sneelfle that "Nlnety-Ave"
j '-i eent, ;ire i,erniauenlly etirod where the direc
tions are Mrictlv eumplicd with. There is uo eliemi
eal or other ingredients to harm tho young or old.
AS AN EXPECTORANT IT HAS NO EQUAL!
IT CONTAINS NO OPIUM IN ANY FORM !
J. N. HARRIS t CO., Proprietors.
CIXt lXXATI, o.
FOR SALE BYALL DRUGGISTS.
sib u :is
AMERICAN AND FOREIGN
GEORGE E. LEMON, Atfy at Law,
wasiii;ton, i. r.
Hf-ff-rrUl'K L'ivC'li tn artltRl rli.lit in nonrlii Avam
('OH lit V 111 lllf l S. '.ITfsl.niiirii iiivitj-.l Knurl
nki'N-h or in td.'l lor oiiiiinn a to i;itiitalilitv. No
i-ikuvhii '.Hrrviei'siii.lPSKsm-fVKMiii. tsfhlisii'd IRIi?
5,000 Affciittt Wnii It-d for I,
I. roiitai.s tin full hiMory of hisnnbl and eventful
litt- and d.it-t.irdly asas-Muatinu. Million of lHioplo
ari wuitiiif.' lor 1111 nook. Tho best otiaucn of onr
liiv to makf lnonoy, lt-.-wan; of " catrliit-nny " imi
tation. This if tlifoiilv authentic hikI liillv illiip.
trut'd lilo of our martyred l'msident heud for
riiviili.ru and extra terms to KR'itn. Addix-M
NATIONAL rritUrilUNG CO., riiiliidHimia,
TRUTH ' l,Tr. Th-mi --4
t W M rr,!j-' r-tnf.MAHnNr7.ili. Grt i
Im tuili iivi W.i.rl wilt for ;) rcuu will. tt.
he it(.,t. Cl -f of f)t, Vil i'tekef iiftit.MUl ft 0'iRHfT
li mi uf 1'inr TuTura huiliaiict or wits- iitirui nirall
rmiiftrd, .b nm, li'Jit ftiiil )scn tif mlil, fciiit
Add I0 Prof. L. Mkllinai, 1.. Mottt'j I'l. UolOQ, JliM.
MANHATTAN BOOK CO . 16 W. nth 81., N.T. P.O. r,ox 4iS0
W
ANTLl.--Kv-rv oui-t'i u.ivc lots of lun with on
hi ihoKt! nr Milvmi; liimi i I'iuzIih. tv uttoaui
ariilrexH ltir'to. i-tmiiit. Exct-lxi'ir Blue tiluU iavor ia
evir uousi'liolil. Acid's li. Y. Pour, HrmnnuUin, Vt.
7 7 7
A YEAR AND EXPENSES TO
AGKN'IS. Outfit live. Aildr. ss
I". O. VicUi-ry. AukuxIii, Me.
tln t9fl porrttivathome. 8iiniiliworiliMri!fl.
a 10 AuMivimK'riNKiiN Oo..l'ortliin(l.Maino.
YflUNfi MFN If o would learu TidoKraj-ihy in
wwiiu niL.ii tour nicmtbH, aud bo cerUiuof a
situation, a-Mru.s Vali ntin Uv.wi., Xtnehville, Wis.
4 IdiK.N'K Hrnin KfMid-curctiS.'t'rvoiiKDpbilitv&
J (aliU''K(iHi.-U' rativeOruauH. il--alldru'Kirt.
Hi-lid tori 'inmUr. Alum's rh:irniacv.:.l;i Jurat av..NY.
4 -KTS 'WANTED for tue Iis't audTaWiit
J V hWiiiiK Pirtonal litN.KHun'Utibl . Pri4 trdiH rd
&i H i" ct. National PiibliKlimK Co., Miiladidi'hia, Pa.
$66 ? wto!f Ui your own town. Teniw and i. outfit
tree. Add'a H. HALLETTaJllai.Maine.
Xf A fprTTT7! CaUloffue free. addrca,Suiwrd
JTT"jVTQ Hevgivora. Cauiog u Incr AMnu,
3r - flrcat Wttt. Pun Work. TMmt.tirrh. IV
? 79 A WKKK. tl'i a dav at home easily made. CoMly
Ontm tret. A.ld'nTitPK k Co.. AiiKUta.Mj.ii..
ETROLEUf.1
ii or
IEXjD
MHtAPEsr T100KS Ira TH TITQkLu
5" Jdiiruulrt, 'bills. VJ T.iine,8 ilihtuiy of ifll tuudc
I .cmyul EtiuUmt. rifutf. Literal lire. 1 I'ge lU tcfititi
lit IVe M i. o Vitn. I 1 i-jhiu vol. h.tii'lfroruclj' 1 1 cf-gi4
Welotu;oul 2.tb' buuiid, luruul i'liu. I I .
Used and approved by the leading PHYSI
CIANS of EUROPE and AMERICA.
The most Valuable
Family Remedy
known.
B0EZS.
BKTT DISEA8E8L EHEDMATlSltl
CATABBH, KEMOKSHOlia Eta. AUnTZ
uonena, voiai, eore inroat vroap
MirTrj them. Si and SO eent aIzm
HCOAl. AT THE FUILADU.PHIA gm-ss-.-f I a n CUA- ,
ILYI MEO AX, AT TUB fAJtlsl iULroWTJoa. (JULOAXE & CO-JtY.
THFfiRFAT'
UlBEttl
RHEUMATISM,
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Pains,
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
Ko Prfjmrnilon on earth fqiwls St. Javim Oil
as ft ftafe, sure, simple and cheap Ext.roal
Ilempoy A trial entails bnt th comparettTety
timing outlav of 50 Ontl, and eery one suffering
ulth iialn can haTe cheap and posillva proof of it
claims.
Directions in Eleven Languages.
BOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS ND DEALERS
IN hEDIOIUE.
JL. VOGELER r. CO,,
hop bitters:
(A medicine, not a Drink.)
CONTAINS
nOPS, BICIUT, MAJfDKAKE,
DANDELION,
A SD Till! PrM!ST AKP rlEST MEP1CAI. QCALI
T1KB OF ALL OTHER JilT'i'KKS.
THEY CUKK
All Dlfcnspsot thrPtomnch, Bowels. Wood,
Liver. Kldnrvs.nnd I'rlnury Organs. cr
vousucss, su i'pli'sxni'SnniKl especially
x-eniaie iumiuuiuba.
$1000 IN COLD.
Will be paid for a case they will not euro or
help, or for anvihliiK Impure or Injurious
found In tin m.
Afkronr drnpitlsKor Hop Hitters and try
tlieiu before you sleep. Take uu oilier.
D t. C ts an nliflolutcnnri !rr-MKIMoMire for
Drunkenness, line ef opium, louueco and
nurcoiiti.
Send yon CincfLAK.
All !ov lold l,Y drucjHW.
Ip Blttm Mfs. , lln lictcr, N. I ., A Toroi
MANUFACTORY
And Wholesale Depot,
465 FULTON ST.,
BROOKLYN.
Iirjortaiit to tlie Tnvali!ls of America.
Th- MOST MAHVI I.OVS INVENTION In tho
Woiif.n in tho ' V lll).MA" iHAtiNLTIC
;.t H.UENT!.
Tliev ouiv i. KftY EOinl OF DISEASE known to
iiiaii, without niwlicfti''. rlianKt'g of dii-t, or oorupa
lion. ino.uou I'l'.liSONS, oiiro HELPLESS INVA
LIDS, run now lvjoicinji in ilio blessings ot ltE
STOIiEM HEALTH.
All. h.-c'iH and imntofne" ordf in for " W1I.SONIA
mtniiitloni.ilcpaMi(.h! to WM. WILSON, 40.J
1TI.TUN ST.,liH"OKLVN.
Send lor ciivuliirs, pi i.'f lipt ani other memoranda
riTlirdillk' Hie "WI1.SOXIA."
we tiivpfroin the hat ol thousands of " WILSOMA"
patieiitf the tnilnwinir
ltEl'HESES lATIVF. REFERENCES!
Hon. ll'r.l!io Sevinniir. t'tira, N. Y.-. Hun. Tt'trr
Cooper. Hon. Thurlow Wii'il, Commodore 0. K. liar
rison, Oi-nenil S. (irnli&m. Jild-.-e Levi r.u-soim, of
S. V. Citv; J. II. Hot Inn reliant I, Sprnco M N. Y.i
l. V. Kainve.tllier. (iip'ivli.uil 1. Sernee St., N. Y.: E.
II. summon In;, -reliant I, S; nn-e St., N. Y.; Thnnm
H ill, IhI Clinton Ave., ilroolip. n; Colonel Jiiivar.l
l Marl;, ft I E. 40tli St., N.Y.: II011..I0I111 Miti-ln-ll Itn-u-erei
i. ilronklyn: Mrs. It. Kolli.:;'.i5Vyekoirst..U'klvn.
CONSUMPTION CAN BE CURED 1
DR.
WM.
J
FOR THE
LUNGS.
f'nrpft G'onniittpt Inn. fold. I'licnninnln. Tn
Hiiotizu, Hrourhiitl IillirnH JlroniliiliH
Hoiii-Hcn', Acllniin, I'roiii hoopiuR
4'onuh. mid nil li"ifr of ilio llrnihiiiir
OrsnniM. It moo tti en nnd Ileal flic itlmihriinn
of the IjUIIkn, iiifliiitr?(i ii ml poiHOiifd by I ho
ilianr. and prevent the niche nmphIb nnd
litflitne ucrn iu-lier which nrromnniiy
If. Coiiiiniption in not mi incurable tnulady.
HAlils It A Lv l will euro you, even
tliouuli professional nid lull.
PaYne's'Autbmatic Enj Ines
o
3
Reliable, Durable and Eeonomleal, trill furnish a
hot-w poicer uilh ft lex fu?i it.nt witter than any other
hilt"" built, not lilted with an Autoinatio Out-otf.
h'eud tor Illustrated C.itiilcuo "J," lor Inhumation k
friees. U. W. 1'ayxb & Suss. Box tu'iU CorniPK, N.Y.
Cyclopedia War.
The trreat I.ibrnry of I nlver-nl Knowledge
now cmui'lett-d, laiv typo editiou, mmrly 4u.j
topira in every department of human knowledge,
alHJitf 40 itercent. lam r than Chambers' tnovclope
ilia, 10 percent, larger than Applton'H, 20 pc-r cent,
larger than JuhnnduX at a inero 1 ruction of their
coMt. Fifteen laru Ortavo Volumes, nearlv IM.imiO
paw, rouiph te in eloth binding, 11 Hi in half Hus
sia, 'HU in lull library sheep, marbled edyts,
Stcial terms to elub,
$1 0,000 REWARD We0 'itW JJTC
and August. (Send nuiek for speeinu-n pai;es and
full partieulare to AMEKU'AN HOOK EXCHANOlf,
John U. Alues, Miuiaji r. 7li I Uroadwav. New YorK
INVEST YOUR EARNINGS
In the stock of the Ienver Land and Improvement
Company. Profits more f ban two per cent, per month.
Absolutely sate. No peixuml liability. leal onlv in
Denver Heal KMute. limdcndn paid repularly. 'Or
ganized by prominent hiiHin b men of Denver, Keter
tfi any of our banks or busuit-KH men of Denver. Any
number of shares at Ten Dollars each, sent by mail
on receipt of niuuev. ( 'ireulurs sent free. Address
AKCIilK c. r'lKK, President,
A. H. Estes, Treasurer; M. li. Smith, Kberotary,
No. 454 Larimer St., Denver, Col.
Pill kUllM Plii'uill i 11 IN lllitke New Hie
lllood, aud will completely change the blood In the
entire system in three months. Any person who
will take one pill each n iht lmm 1 to Vi weeks mav be
restored to sound health, if such a thins be possible,
bold everywhere or sent by mail fur 8 letter stamps.
I. H. JOIINMIN tft CO., Ilottiou, Mum.,
fuimerly liunu'ur. Me.
AW0NTH-GENTSWNTE0-O beat
AddrcM tluar Ili-uusun, Di-iiMi. Mi.-n.
JELLYTSss
TueAollel
Article? rom pur
iweune ucn M
Pomade VascUna,
Vaselina Cold Cream,
Yawlise Camphor Ioe,
Vaseline Toilet Soaps,
s. sssrtor t. aa similar hms
TASELINB C0XFECT10SS.
An agreeable form of tak
log Vaseline internally.
HI nmaM a ti r
For th
Treatment fl
WOUHDS. BURNR
CUTS. CHIT.BT.atwb
and DiDhtharim. ami
of ail ou goo da, '
EDf.
BALSAM
m mi mm

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