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..1. ..!.-.LU JnT . ' i 7 tit HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIT, DESPERANDUM. Two Dollars per Annum. NO. 33. VOL. XI. iIIDGAVAY; ELK' COUNTY, PA., THUESDAY, OCTOBER G, 1881. Memory. A POEM WIIITTEK BY JAMES A. OAItFIELD. Tho littlo pocra given below was written, it is stated, by James A. Garfield before his first term in Congress -hence some twenty years ago. Tis beauteous night J the stars look brightly down Opon tho earth, docked in her robe of snow. No light gleams at tho window, save my own, Which gives its cheer to midnight and to mo, And. now, with noiseless Btep, sweet memory comes Anl leads mo gently throngh hor twilight realms. What poofs tuneful lyre has over sung, Or dolicate pon o'er portrayod, The enchanted, shadowy land where memory dwolls ? It has its valleys, cheerless, lone and drear, Dark-shaded by tho mournful cypress tree j And yet its sunlit mountain tops are bathed In heaven's own blue. Vpon its craggy cliffs, Robed in tho dreamy light of distant years, Are clustered joys Bcreno of other days. Upon its gentle, eloping hillsides bend The weeping willows o'er tho sacred dust Of dear departed once j and yet in that land, Where'or our footsteps fall upon tho shore, TIipv that were elccmng rise from out the dust Of death's long silent years, s'and, As erst they did before the prison tomb Receive! their clay within its voiceless halls. Tim limvons that bend abovo that land are hung With clouds of various hues, chill Rnrrtinvrpd with sorrow, cast with somber sbado Upon tho sunny, joyous hind below. Others are floating through tho dreamy air, Whito as tho falling snow, their margins tinced With gold and crimsoned hues ; their shadows full Upon tho flowery meads and sunny slopes, Soft as th9 shadow of an'angel's wing. When the rough battle of tho day is done, And evening's peaco falls gently on tho heart, I bor.nd away, across tho noisy years, Unto tho utmost verge of memory's land, Where earth and sky in dreamy distauco meet Aud memory dim with dark oblivion joins, ".'here woko the first remembered sounds tin fe'l Upon tho ear in childhood's early morn j A id, wandering thence along the rolling years 1 see tlio shadow of my rormer seir Gliding from childhood up to man's estate. Tlio path of vouth winds down through many a vale, An 1 on 'he brink of ninny a dread abyss, From out whoso darkness comes no ray Save that a phantom dances o'er the gulf And LoekniM tonarl the verge. Again path Leads o'er tho summit where tho sunbeams full ; And tins in liiht anl shade, sunshine and gloom, Sorrow and joy, tho lifo-path lead t aloni and round us Some dark and tin KEEPING COMPANY. "Ned Ned!" The call rang ou from the house door, floating over th garden, till it came faint and weary t the brrn doe r, utterly utable to pene- . i .i -... i - irate me uarreu pcnai. of "X. d! Ned I" earer and nearer came the cheery voice, and a pair of light feet carrit d it down the path, to riDg out again clear and strong, a little doubled fist pounded an accom nanimerit on the wooden barrier. 1 . ti :n. A JranK lace, ana neaa covereu wnu crisp curls, now decorated by long straws stuck in with a promiscuous carelessness suggestive of Lear'a crown, was popped out of the window of the hay-loft. "What is it, Katie? I'm giving the beasts their breakfast." "Come down! You must come down ! I've got the best ol news for you." " What is it ? Wait ! I'll be down ! Why, Katie, what are you all dressed up for?" "You'll never guess. Susy Willis has come home. She sent me over word this morning to be ready for church early, so we could have a long walk before we went into meeting. She's coming over for me." "Susy home!" That was all Ned said, but there was no doubting the ac cent of content in his voice. " Her father has written that he is coming back to Allentown next mouth, and Susy's mother gent for her to leave school, and be here to meet him. Oh, Ned, ain't you glad ? She's been away more'n two years." Glad ! If there was any faith to be placed in beaming eyes, smiling lips and trembling fingers, Ned was, to say the least, not sorry; but he said noth ing, only hurried the preparations for leaving the barn, his face the while speaking his pleasure, while, Katie, her tongue doing the work of two, ran on with her gleeful chatter. " I wonder if she's altered, prettier or smarter. I wonder if she'll let you beau her now, Ned. Perhaps she'll want to keep company with some smarter fel low. now she's had so much schooling Hurry, Ned, so you can go with us 1" And riving up the path again, Katie en tered the neat faimhouse, and went to her room to add some trifle to her dress. Looking wistfully up the path for her expected companion she tried to bo patient, but the fingers would fidget, the feet beat tatoos, the eyes flash with eagerness, while her father's comments, as he leaned over the gate, smoking his Sunday vipe, did not diminish the fever. " Ay, Katie, don't drum a hole in the window I Aro you dancing a jig, Katie ? Come down bore and talk to Jack !" and the magpie's hoarse voice, calling Jtatie," ecnoea tne invitation. Hud denly both comment and restlessness ceased, while the two faces, beaming with loving mischief, watched the path. Coming from the barn, round to the front of the house, yet in his blouse and round hat, was Ned, the idol of both the warm hearts watching him. His pretty bunch of flowers told one cause of bis delay, and his lingering step was explained by tne second figure nf ad vancing from tiie Pul,u jvbuw, nau Watched so eagei'ly- Slowlv the two came towara iv .a nouse Ned trying to su.nmon up co orage to address the pret.ty, neat! -dressed maiden, who had grown irom a uttle girl to a young iaay in ui " jemo u sence ; while she, her loal hr rt flutter- ing at the sight of her o.'d sw eetheart, tried to look unoonscions; o nis presence. Nearer and nearer to tne 3 arm door, the distance between thann narrowing every moment, they sauaitar ed on, till at last they stood oppiwi e the old farmer, neither daring i speak tne first word. The pretty flonr ers were in danger of being eaten up, ,as Ned bit nervously at the stems of th i pinks and roses, while Susy's pocket hs ndkerchiej was rapidly becoming transit irmed into a rabbit in her gloved .Ingen i. How long they would nave remained thus can only be guessed; b ut a clear, ringing laugh from Kate, Bl iconded by her father's hearty bans, broke the spell, and Ned said: " I'm glad you're home a rain, Susy I" and managed to present 1 ds flowers and hold open the gate before, ner wusnea faded away. It did not need mucn urging io turn the long walk into a t slk in Katie's room, while the farmer and Ned assumed their "go-to-meeting" garb, and by some slight of hand Katie found herself transferred to he father, while Master Ned escorted the fair Susy to church, and not a wet pi isBed before all Allentown knew teat JNea uiarse and Susy Willis were st ill " keeping company." Ned aud Katie uiarKO were trie omy children of old Farmer Joi lhua Clarke, whose wife had long befoo e died and left him to be both father and mother to her handsome boy and girl. They were Btill little ones when they became motherless, but Aunt Kate, Katie's godmother, had filled her sister s place at the farmhouse until Katie was six teen, when, thinking her niece trained for a perfect housekeep eT. dear Aunt Kate consented to go brig "Men another home, whose master had raited for her since her sister's death. . 3o the three in the old homestead were left to link their love still closer in tl le absence of the wonted housekeeper, and Katie's pride was to let no comfort be missed, no deficiency tell of their boss. In easy circumstances, devoted'Iy fond of his children, finding love all around him, Farmer Clark was the most cheery, bright old farmer in Al lentown. Universally resrpected and beloved, his old age brightened by his children's happiness, he "was ready to enter heartily into any youthful scheme, to give his full sympathy to all the young boys and girls who came to him for advice, and above all to watch, with almost boyish glee, all the villoma courting. Katie, being a nni- verfal belle, had as yet selected no spe- fl ... .. . i " 1 AX 1.1 9 cial tavorite to torment, u mo uiu wnu. had full leisure to watch Ned, visitiDg his loom for sly remarl;s, dropping words that brought up the frank blush so becoming to a manly h ce, or even, at times, letting his sympathy bring th roses to Susy's cheek. Never did the course of true love promise to rtm smoother. Susy's father was a travelinu peddler, whose journeys often led him hundreds of miles from Allentown, now east, now west, north, or south, as his fancy or pack sug gested. His earnings were good, and Mrs. Willis rented a pretty cottage and lived in comfortable style, while Susy could boast of two years' " schooling " all the academy of B , miles away from her native village. It is true that Jim Willis, the peddler, was counted a hard man, one keen at a bargain, ana close-fisted in business; but no one doubted his love for his wife and Susy, their only child. There had been al ways kindly fe sling between the family and the Clarkes from the time when Ned drew Susy and Kate to school on one sled, or tossed apples from the boys bench to the golden-haired lassie the girls side. Mrs. W llus knew Ned's worth; his sturdy uprightness, his frank, generous heart, his bright in telligence and faithful love; and she wished no more brilliant future for her darling than the life of Ned Clarke's wife promised to bo. bo the long sum mer walks, the confidential talks, the thousand devices to win favor that the vouthful swain proffered his love, were all smiled upon by tne innabitants oi farm and cottage, while Susy's gentle, loyal heart never dreamed of coquetry, but let Master Ned read in every look and VjIuhU tho Ulo ut his nuooessi in woo- The summer months sped merrily, and it was well understood in Allen town that when Jim Willis returned there would be a wedding, while not a "bov" in the village would have dreamed of daring to court a smile or word from Susy. The long evening s'aadows oi August were falling from the houses and trees, when Katie sat dreaming in her little room. Tea was over. Her father had gone to town the day before with pro visions, and would not return until far into the night. Ned had gone to see Susie, so there was no one to interrupt the musing. She was thinking whether, when Susy came to the farmhouse, she might not think of quitting it, and the various pros and cons of Bob. Harry and Will flitted through her coquettish lit tle heart as she deliberated on their several cases, her heart free to choose from all of them. Suddenly looking up she saw Ned coming slowly down the path from the cottage. He reeled irom side to side, as if intoxicated, while his faltering step, his bowed head ana drooping figure terrified his sister greatly. He must be ill ! Very ill indeed he looked as he passed the gate she had hastened to open for him. He made no answer to her piteous inquiries as he passed her to enter tne kitcnen, wnere lie sank down upon the floor, resting his head on his clasped hands, and sobbed the hard dry gasps of a strong man in agony. "Oh, Ned I dear Ned I what is it? Yon frighten me so 1 Ned, Ned, dear I Is Susv sick?" He looked up at the name, Lis face ashy pale, his eyes burning and dry. "Don't speak of Susy, Katie ! Don't; it kills met" " But, Ned" " I'll try to tell you, Katie. We never have had any secrets." She had seated hetself on a low stool, and drawn his head to rest upon her breast, and her gentle touch, her face of tendor love seemed to soothe him, for his harsh, choked voice softened as he spoke to her. "Jim Willis has come home, Katie. He's made a heap of money speculating, and bought a house in Cincinnati, and is going to take Susy and her mother there to live ; and he says I can't have Susy she's going to be rich, and a city girl and I'm only a poor country clod hopper." "Ned!" "He said so. She's to go to Cin cinnati and make a great match, and I can never see her again." " But Susy what does Susy herself say?" " He wouldn't let me see her, except when he litted her into the coach to go awy all white and dead like where she fainted." "Go away?" " They're gone. He came home this morning, in a coach he hired in town, and he made them pack up and get ready to go right off wouldn't let either of them come here tried to get away before I came, and drove mo away as if I had been a loafer. Uh, Katie, how can I live ?" The loyal heart was nearly breaking. Every word came in a gasp, and the pallid lace and quivering lips were aithful witnesses of the terrible agony of this unexpected blow. From a boy to a man he had cherished one dream of future happiness, and it was a pain that no language can adequately de scribe to see it thus ruthlessly dashed trorn him. Katie was powerless to console him, The shock was to her only second to his own, for Susy had been to her in the place of a sister from their child hood, and she loved her brother with a passionate devotion that made every tone of hia voice, every quiver of his pale lips a blow on her tender heart, Far as Cincinnati really was from the quiet Na' England village, its actual distance was nothing compared to the vast BTjace their simple imaginings threw between. Susv was to be carried awav, far from her home, far from them, and if the destination had been Egypt or Constantinople the shock would have gained no force. Ned's heart dwelt on the pale, senseless face, as he had seen it carried by him, till his poor brain fairlv numbed under the burden of its grief, and he lay silent, only sometimes moaning as the sorrow be came more poignant in a new light. Night fell, the long hours drew out their slow length, and still the two re maiued mute and motionless, trying to vealize and bear this strange misfortune. Daybreak stealing in, and the Bound of the farmer's heavy wagon in the yard, roused them at last, and poor Ned, un able to meet the cheery voice and face of his fi.ther, stole away to his room, leaving Katie to tell the news, It is impossible to describe the fax-mer's wrath. Hot words of burning indignation pouvad from his lips, and, for the hrst time, Katie heard an oath from her father's lips, as he cursed Jim Wil lis for his miserlv, cruel heart. Then came gentler thoughts. Susy, his little pet, second only tolled and Katie in bis heart, lost, carried away from them torn from her home and lover and here the thought of Ned's grief conquered every other, and the old man strode up the narrow staircase to his son's door. It needed just such fatherly tenderness as he brought to win INed Jrom hiscare hs agonv to the relief of tears and speech, aud far into the morning the two sat talking of this hard turn in fortune. The morninrr duties called them down, and if Katie's heart ached over her brother's untouched breakfast, it was comforted by seeing how deep was his father's sympathy. Days passed and weeks and Ned tried to bear his sorrow like a man. There was no want of sympathy at home, where the loving eyes watched his pale cheeks with a tender interest that was almost painful, and the brave heart that would have given Susy its full wealth of love was generous to the home circle, aud for its sake tried to live down the pain of disappointment. I know that to never let any other boy court me tell him I never can forget mm, though 1 must try ; tell him I did love him with all my heart ; and don't let him quite forget me, even if he marries some other girl. Don't write to me mother says not ; but think of me sometimes, and give my love to Ned and yoni father. Susy." That was all; but Ned felt when Katie told him he might keep the letter, that mines of wealth could not purchase it from him. THE FARM AND HOUSEHOLD. For C'nbbnae Worm. A farmer writes: I would like to say from experience that salt will not injure cabbage nor tho worms either. But ten cents worth of ground black pepper will keep one hundred heads free from the cabbage worm. Take a common pepper box and dust the worms every morning before seven o'clock, and it will kill every ono it touches, large or small. drying some the shocks were double, and remained in shock until nauieu to shelter 16th or ICth of October. The shocks need sometimes to have the in side bundles put on the outside, but no extra care beyond what common sense and circumstances snggest. I prefer drilling to sowing, beceause the crop is larger on account of the working, and the stalks greener and less "hurt" then sown. Southern Planter, Five years passed, and no word came from Cincinnati. Katie was a wife now, and mother to a bouncing boy crawling about the floor, but Ned was true as steel to his old love. No word of court ing had ever passed his lips since Susy left him, and if his tall figure had de veloped to manliness, his voice grown rougher, his frank face older, the boyish love still nestled down in the depths of his heart, and he resolved to live ever a bachelor for Susy's sake. Katies new cares had somewhat clouded her pain at Susy's departure, and the name that had once been so sweet a household word was now rarely heard in the farmhouse. There was something very touching in the maniy courage wnicn iea brought to bear upon the sorrow of his life. Never, save on tho one night when the suddenness of the blow pros trated him, had he given way to the passionate grief in his heart, and his calm pursuit of the weary routine of life evinced more moral courage than is often given to great deeds that make the world ring. It was Sunday morning, and every body at the farmhouse had gone to church except Ned and the baby. The junior member of the household was fast asleep on a rug before the fireplace, and Ned was reading, when a shadow fell upon the floor, and a voice, low and sweet, spoke his name. He scarcely dared breathe as he looked up. So pale and thin as to be almost spirit-like, dressed in the heavi est mourning, the large, earnest eyes hollow, the lips white and trembling, surely that could not be Susy ? He had pictured her living in wealth forget ting him, perhaps but never, never this rale, grief-stricken woman. " Ned, don t you know me ? Still doubting, he rose and came to meet her, till, with a glad cry, he opened his arms and folded her closely, as if never again to let her go. Susy I my Susy! Oh, how can I ever be thankful enough ? Oh, Susy I ' and the hot tears fell on the sweet face, as he marked its white, wasted lines. 1 Father took to drink after he got rich, Ned, and it is three years since mother died. We were very wretched, Ned; for city folks did not caro for us, and we were not used to their ways after mother died, father was scarcely ever sober, and I had a hard time taking care of him, till about two months ago he was taken s.ck. We d spent nearlv all the money long before; but I did sewing, and sometimes father earned something, until he was sick. Then we were very poor; bnt iust before he died somebody sent him some money they owed him. He gave it to me, and told me to como litre with it, and ask you to forgive him for parting us; so after ho died, I came to see if you still cared for me, Ned?" Care for you I Oh, Busy, I will care for you all mv life if you will stay, Susy!" Bnt the white bps gavo no answer, the head fell back nerveless, and as he had seen her on that heavy day of part ing, he held her now. The weary, over tasked frame had given way under its load of sorrow and trouble, and it needed all Kittie's tender nursing, all Ned's loving care, to win the invalid back to them from her kng, long illness. For days her life hung on a thread, but at last the color came Sitting back to the pale lips and cheeks, and when the year of mourning had passed, there was not in Allentown a prettier or more win some wife than Susy Clarke. Whnt Does the Soil Need? The reader is ready to ask, How am I How to Clean ihe l'onhrr House. and other planters to know what our A poultry-house may be very quickly 80ii8 need to make them produce good and effectively cleaned out by first using an old broom and removing cob webs, dust, etc., and cleaning the floor with a shovel. Then take half a bushel of lime and slake it in a barrel. If one of the syringe or fountain pumps used for washing windows can be procured the lime wash may be syringed all over the inside, forcing the lime into every crevice and cranny, and thoroughly crops, you say the analysis of the soil will not ton us f we reply, resort to the plant analysis. Ask your soil a se ries of questions such as tne following : Do you need potash ? Do you need ammonia? Do you need phosphoric acid, or do yon need any two or all of these? How shall I ask these questions, and how will I interpret the reply ? Select a plat of land which will repre cleansing them. The lime that falls on Bent fairly your soil, or several such the floor will sweeten that. hen the plats, if you have soils differing materi- work is done turn out the refuse lime aiiy in character and supposed corapo- . j l i n for the fowls to pick at. A SI in Die Itemed; for Insects. A simple remedy for all insects that annoy farmers is given by a W enona, 111., agriculturist. He says : "Gather all the old straw and hay into long rows around orchards, potato and cab bage patches, and set fire to one end to burn against the wind all night, and they will burn up millions and millions every night or the mate insects mat ny, and bugs of all kinds and descriptions, such as destroy the trees and potatoes and all the cabbege, and the canker worms on the apple trees. They will fly right into the blaze and burn their wings off and drop into the fire. I told a man to do that who said the ground in his potato patch was crawling alive with potato bugs. He plowed a ditch around and filled it with straw, and burned them all up in one night, and he raised a big crop of potatoes. The prairie fires in former years used to burn them all up. Do this and you will soon be rid of the whole miller tribe of sects." Tronbledi My mind was mfflod with small cares w-aay, And I said pettish orde, and did not keep Lonj snTerlnj'pitkn-o woll; an! now kr deep My trouble for this sin 1 In vain I weep For foolish words 1 never can unsay. Yet not in vair, Ob, surely not in vain ! This sorrow must compel me to take heel; And surelv I shall learn how much I neea Thy constant strength my own to supersede, , And all my thoughts to patience to constrain, res, I shall learn at last, though I negleot Day after day", to seek my help from thee; Oh, aid me, that I always recollect This gentle hcartednow; and Oh correct Whatover else of sin thou secst hi mo I Henry Su tton. Fnrm Kotos. Watch your colts' he ofs, and see they are pared as often as necessary. The hoof is not only thus benefited, bnt the action of the animal frequently im proved.. Pennsylvania yields one-fifth of the rye produced in the country. The an nual produce in that State ranges be' tween 3,000,000 and 4,000,000 bushels. Bone dust is a good dressing for lawns. Put on plenty of it. Stable manuro is often an eye-sore unless very ttno. Green corn, as soon as the grain be gins to harden, is the very best fattening food available to the general farmer for feeding swine. The pigs eat it with a peculiar relish, and will grow and fatten upon it with surprising rapidity. No food is equal to this for putting pigs in good "show condition lor tho I1 airs, To give hogs plenty of muscle, let them have all tho exercise thev will take in a ten-acre lot. Fat, which docs not go far as food, comes from abun dant food and little or no exercise, Lirdy hogs are not generally as populai as they once wero. An abundance ol corn is not desirable to make lean and well-grown hogs for food. si turn. Next get a few pounds of muri ate of potash, a few pounds of sulphate of ammonia, and some high grade superphosphate or acid phosphate. If you have a State Department having supervision of fertilizers, you can get those already inspected and analyzed Ask the chemist of your Slate College, or your Commissioner of Agriculture, to suggest the quantities of eacn ot tnese elements to apply per acre, and then apply to one plat, say three rows sixty feet long, only potash ; to three others, only phosphoric acid ; to three others, only ammonia ; to three otners, potasn and phosphoric acid ; to three others, phosphorio acid and ammonia ; and to still another three, all three of these elements, leaving three rows in tho center of the plat with out the application of any manure whatover. If your sou needs nothing but phosphorio acid, it will say so by giving the largest yield where phos phoric acid is used, wnetner aione or in combination. If it needs two of the elements, that combination will give best results. If it needs all three, or the so-called complete manure, the plat on which all were used, will show best results. If individuals cannot afford to undertake these inquiries, let clubs combine to bear the expense, and im pose the investigation on their most careful and accurate observer. If this cannot be done, insist upon your Com' missioned of Agriculture selecting care ful men in different parts of your State to conduct the inquiry under his direc tion, he to supply the material, etc, and publish results. If you have a General Assembly with intelligence and statesmanship enough, get them to es tablish one or more experimental sta tions in your State with your money which you pay for the support of your government, to be administered by your servants). If you farmers who read and think and know the needs of the productive industries of your States, will wield the influence you should an l can if you win, you can instruot your brethren of the plow first, and then your servants who make the Uvrs. South ern l'bittter and Farmer, HUMOR OF THE DAY. ' A gold meddle A burglar in a miser's coffers. Marathon Independent. Missouri train robbers are men ol iron nerve and steal disposition. "A fellow feeling makes us won drous kind," unless the fellow is feel ing in our pocket for our watch. Salem Sunbeam. There was a large attendance at the schools to-day. Every boy who hadn't lost an eye brought two pupils. Phila delphia Chronicle. Brown loudly boasts that his heart is always in his hand. Fogg says that Brown is so ciose-nstea mat ne is in nu danger of ever losing it. Boston Tran- tenpt. When you are telling a friend a joke poke him in the ribs. He'll be more in terested in the yarn, and can put a mustard plaster on the sore spot when he goes home. Keokuk Oate City, A housenainter recently wanted to join the fire department, but as it took fifteen minutes to climb a ladder, and then he had to go down again for something he had forgotten, they didn't employ him. .Boston Post. Jumping over a fence in the middle of the night and meeting a bulldog that is a total stranger to you, is one ol those exciting little incidents of life which go far to break the monotony and rob existence of a tiresome same- neis. A man called out to his creditor. Get out. vou Ornithorhynchus ?" Tho man departed meekly. " Who's that ?" inquired a friend of the speaker. " An Ornithorhvnchus." "How's that?' Well, Webster defineshim as 'a beast with a bill."' Yale Courant. This is alleged to be the way a Vas- sar girl tells a joke: "Oh, girls! I heard just the oest tiling to-aay. it was too funny. I can't remember how it came about, bnt one of the gins said to rro- essor Mitchell oh, dear, l can t re member just what she said; but Profes sor Mitchell's answer was just too funny for anything !" Syracuse Herald. SCIENTIFIC SOTES. be a proper hero Ned should have moped and drooped, snubbed Katie, been savage to all human nature, and finally have left home to work out his snlun in soma new lifo. Bat Neil's heroism had a strong element in his pure Christian faith, which taught him to do as he would be done by, to honor his father, to bear his cross patiently ; and so, if his merrv whistle had ceased, his voice gradually resumed its clear cheerfulness, and Lis manner grew doubly tender toward Katie, as he niarKed ner sympainizing love, jxot a word dropped from any of them that could give one shadow oi reproach to Susy, and some vague ideas of a rescue occasionally suggested themselves to Ned, where his love might win her from her fathers tyranny or melt his ob stinate resolve. The idea that Susy . . , i 111 L 1.-1 couiu ever oe ms wue wnuuui iuiu con sent never occurred to him. The winter had set in nefore one word of the fugitives reached Allentown. then Katie had a treasure to show, a letter from Susy. "Dear, dear Katie" (so it read), "J may be doing very wrong to write to you, after all that father has said ; but mother has given me permission to write once, so I am now trying to tell you that my love for you for Ned" (here a great blot told of a tear) " and your dear father, is just the same, though we shall never see each other again. I have been very sick : so sick on the road here that we had to stay nearly two weeks at a town where father had some business, and that is why I did not write before. Oh, Kstiel I must mind father, who says I must never think of Ned again ; but it is terrible hard not to. Nights I lay awake and think of all the nice days in Allentown where we were keeping company, and my heart seems breaking when I think we may never meet again on earth. Oh, Katie I comfort Ned. Tell him that I will never, - An Arctic Summer. The fourth of June was the most beau tiful of the days we spent in the Arctio ocean. The water was smooth, reflect ing a tranquil, pearl-gray sky with spots of pure azure near the zenith, and a belt of white around the horizon that shone with a bright, satiny luster, try ing to the eyes uue clear snnsmne. Some seven whale ships were in sight, becalmed with their sails spread. Tchuoni hunters in pursuit of seals were gliding about in light skin-covered caaoes, and gulls, auks, eider ducks, and other water birds in countless mul titudes skimmed the glassy level, while in the background of this Arctio picture the Siberian coast, white as snow could make it, was seen sweeping back in fine, fluent, undulating lines to a chain of mountains, the tops of which were veiled in the shining sky. A few snow crystals were shaken down from a black cloud toward midnight, but most ot the day was one of deep peace, in which God's love was manifest as in a countenance. The average temperature for most of the month, commencing May 20, has been but little above the freezing point, the maximum about forty-five degrees. To-day the temperature in the shade at noon is sixty-five degrees, the highest since leaving San Francisco. The tem perature of the water in Bearing sea and strait, and as far as we have gone in the Arotio, has been about from twenty nine degrees to thirty-five degrees. But as soon as we approached within fifty miles of the mouth ot the Yukon the temperature changed suddenly to forty-two degrees. The mirage effects we have witnessed on the cruise thus far are as striking as any I ever saw on the hot American desert. Islands and headlands seem to float in the air, dis torted into the most unreal, fantastic forms imaginable, while the individual mountains of a chain along the coast appear to dance at times up and down with a rhythmio motion in the tremu lous refracting atmosphere. On the northeast side of Norton sound I saw two peaks, each with a flat, black table on top. looming suddenly up and sink ing again alternately, like boye playing ee-saw on pian,- onn Jilutr, Fodder, Much has been said during the last few years about corn-fodder, especially in the form of "ensilage." Whatever mav be the future of ensilage, it can only be used by those who can afford to build silos and buy machinery ; but corn-fodder is useful in this section to every one who owns a cow or horse, and I propose to give my limited experi' enco. I drilled in 1,200 square yards of land in fodder-corn, rows three' feet apart, on the 21st May, 1880; worked it onco with single small mold-board plow. Commenced feeding on it 8th July following ; it had reached the height of seven feet, but had no shoots or tassels. Fed one horse, four cows and three slioats to July 29 th a period of twenty-one days, i'lowed up same lot on August 3d, following, and drilled in the same quantity of ordinary white corn. The second crop was fully equal in bulk to the first. This gives forty two days' feed for five head of stock (leaving out the pigs,) or seven months' feed to one cow from about one fourth of an acre of good land. The cows de clined somewhat in milk, after about two weeks' feeding. As the first crop of fodder-corn was not planted until May 21st, I should have had time to cut a crop of rye from the same land if it had been sown to rye the previous fall Corn-fodder is hard to cure, but it can be readily done in good seasons, if suf fered to reach a certain stage of matu rity before it is cut. This is not only necessary to enable the plant to elim inate the crude juices which prevent its cure, but also to form sugar, which gives a good part of its value as food. The stalk is mature enough to harvest when shoots and tassels appear. As much of the nutritive value of the ar ticle is in the stalk, the crop should be drilled in thick enough to make stalks small, so that they may be all eaten. This is all important. Some I am now feeding, which is very nice, will meas ure from five to eight feet in height, and from one-eighth to three-quarters of an inch in diameter. It was put away last fall quite dry, but is now soft, damp and succulent, much relished by the cows, and producing a good flow of milk. Corn-foddnr, in a green state, contains only about seven per cent, of carbo hydrates (gum-starch, sugar, etc.,) and should be supplemented with clover or mill-feed when we wish milk, or meal when fat is desired. When dry it con tains from twenty-four to thirty-eight per cent, of carbo-hydrates, depending upon its nygrometrio state, its damp ness is generally greater after being stored. I do not think it is yet settled which is tne better way o! using corn, fodder in silos, or cured. My fodder-corn was cut with an old fashioned reap-hook, tied up in bundles not very large, with two bands on each bundle, as the stalks are long and Itecliies. Me t Fin. Take mashed potatoes, seasoned with salt, butter and milk, and line a bckiog dih. Lay npon it slices of cold meat of any kind ; add salt, peoper, catsup and butter, or any cold gravy ; put in a layer of potatoes and another layer of meat in the same way till the dish is full ; have a layer of po tatoes on the top. Bake it until it is thoroughly heated through. Rice Pudpino. Rice pudding is be yond comparison the best ever mado, in spite of the fact that it is the cheapest, The secret of its perfection is in the long cooking it gets. For a six o'clock dinner, the rice and milk should bo put on the stove early in the forenoon The best thing to cook it in is a double kettle. Add to a quart of milk two heaping tablespoonfnls of rice. Let it simmer on the back of the stove it must never boil until a couple of hours before dinner. It will then be a thick, creamy substance. Then salt and sweeten to taste, put it into a pudding disn, and bake it in a moderate oven until it is of a jelly-like thickness and the top is slightly browned. It can be eaten either hot or cold. If the latter is preferred, the pudding may be made the day before, if that is most conveni ent, if desired, a flavor may be added. This is emphatically the perfect pud ding of its kind. The Greeks called scissors a " double razor." The pea is suppoied to be a native of France. Candle is from a Greek word meaning to shine. There is red and green as well as black ebony. . Charcoal deepens the tint of dahlias, hyacinths and petunias. The owl, which easily digests meat, cannot digest bread or grain. Lime is a preserver of wood. It has- been noticed that vessels carrying it last longer than any others. Cocoa beans possess twice as much nitrogen as grain, and therefore choco late furnishes much nutriment. Dr. Cornelius Herz, in France, trans mitted audible speech 800 miles with the aid of his telephonic system. In some water plants the flowers ex pand at the surface of the water, and after fading retreat again to the bottom. A mixture of one part of alcohol and nine parts of crystallized carbolio acid is stated to afford great relief in cases of bites from insects. A row of guncotton reaching from Edinburgh to London, it is said, could be fired in two minutes, so rapid is the transmission of detonation from one part to another. Topnoody. Mr. Topnoody went to the minstrels last night, and the funny conundrums and jokes he heard set him to thinking, So at breakfast he began on Mrs. Top noody. She was warm and not very much in the humor for pleasantry, but Topnoody slashed away. i say, Mrs. Topnoody, can you spell nara water witn three letters r " No, I can't; I might, though, if you had taken mo to the minstrels last night." This staggered him a little, but not seriously. " And you can't spell it well. I-c-e, ain t that hard water?" Mrs. Topnoddy never smiled, and Mr. T. went on "Now spell 'money' with four let ters." " I don't know how," she said. " lla, ha, that s too good. A woman never can get at this sort of thing in the same clear-headed way a man can. Well, the way to spell it is, c a s h, ain't that money t Again did Mrs. T. fail to smile, and Topnoody started out with another. "Hold on a minute," she interrupted, looking ugly; "I've got one; let's see if you can get it. Spell Topnoody ' with four letters." Topnoody scratched his head and gave it up. "Ha, ha," laughed Mrs T., " that's too good. A man never can get at this sort of thing in the same clear-headed way a woman can. Well, the way to spell it is, f-o-o-1, ain't that Topnoody? But Topnoody never smiled, and the breakfast was finished in silence except I -I 1 1 M r bundle, as the stalks are long apd an occasional chuckle from Mrs. Top supple, and put up in shocks of mod- noody's end of the tb.-Steubenvill erata size 9a mt same day out. Alter Hrala. The Time Consuming Match. Mr. Edward Prince, splint manufac turer of Horseshoe Bay, Buckingham township, is authority for the statement that there are about twenty-two match factories in the United estates and Can ada and that the daily production and consequent da'ly consumption is about . 25,000 gross. It may seem a queer statement to make that 100,000 hours of each successive day are spent by the people of the two countries in striking a light, but such is undoubtedly the case. In each gross of matches manu factured there are 111 boxes, so that the 25,000 gross produces 3,000,000 boxes. Each box at least those made in the States where a duty cf one cent upon every box of matches is levied contains 100 matches, so that the number of matches produced and used daily amounts to 300,000,000. Counting that it takes a second to light each match and it is questionable whether it can be -done in less time than that, while some men occupy several minutes sometimes in trying to strike a light, particularly when boozy to light the 300,000,000 would take just that numberjDl seconds. This gives 0,000,000 minutes, or 100,-. 000 hours. In days of twenty-four hours each it figures up to 4,166 2-3, and gives eleven years and five months, with a couple of days extra, as the time ocenpied during every twenty-four hours, by the people of North America not figuring on the Mexicans in striking matches. Figuring a little further it gives 4,159 years time in each year. The fact may seem amazn it is undoubtedly correct. - fren. True greatness we ar never 1