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X,- . ; ; ' ; " ' ' HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL DESPERANDUM. Two Dollars per Annum. ' VOL. XI. EIDGrWAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., THUESDAY, OCTOI3E11 20, 1881. NO. 35. V! f Life's True Significance. Deeper than all boiiho of Boeing Lies tho soorot gonrco of being, And the eohl with truth dfrroeing, Learns to live in thoughts and deeds; For the life is more than raiment, And tho oarth is pledged for payment Unto man for all his Deeds. Naturo la our common mother, Every living man onr brother, Therefore let ug servo each other; Not to meet the law's heliosis, But because through cheorful giving Wo shall learn tho art of living; And to live and servo is best Lifo ia more than what man fancies I Not a game of idlo chances; Hut it steadily advances Up tho tho rnggod heights of time, Till each complex web of trouhlo, Every sad hope's broken bubble, Hath a meaning most sublime. More of religion, less ot profession; More of iirninoss, less concession; Moro of freedom, less oppression, In the church and in the state; Moro of lifo and less of fashion; Moroof lovo and lesj of passion; That will mako ns good and great. When true hearts divinely gifted, From thi chaff of orror gifted, On tlu-ir crosses aro uplifted, tihnil tho world most cloarly seo That earth's greatest time of trial Ciilla for holy solf-deiilal, Culls on men to do aud bo. )nt forever and forever Lot it be the Mini' en liavor Love from hatred to dissever, And iu v.hutmeVr wo do, Won by love's eternal 1. canty, To our hi;;!;') seuso of duty Evermore le firm and true. Stratford lli rald. A VICTIM OP DUTY. TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH OF LOCIS COLL AS. You have often seen him pass throuph the fields with a hasty step, recogniz able not only by his blouse and his regulation hat, but also by the sus tained activity of his movements, be cause for him the instants are counted and he has not the right to slacken his paoa. An iidefa-iguble walker, he no corapiir.hes his task from the first to tho last day of the year withont ever rest in?.' '' roa'ter though a tropical nun invite all cea'ures to become motion less, though the cold be Siberian, thong i it blow and snow, he must go to the last vi.hipe on his route to carry the lexers, newspapets and prospectuses which trade confides by millions to the care of tb post. T e highways aro not made for him ; nris h- not cross the country, passion through woods and marshes, to seek the hut. lost in the depths of the soli tude, far removed from any public road? He trawls from eight to ten leagues daily, making circuits, crossing brooks, scaling rocks, venturing into ravines and wounding himself among the hedges and briars. Loitering is forbidden to him, for the officiul hour of return is fixed; the letters he brings back must depart by the next mail. They are waited for at the postoilice and the least variation of his programme may have grave consequences. We cannot without ingratitude forget the services of this incorruptible mes Eonger, whose probity and zeal are con stantly put to the proof, who brings us ut a certain hour our letters and our journals, tho news, the expectation of which keeps us full of unxiety; wlio contributes to soften for v.s the biiter ness of absence and distance. Imagine tha void the disappearance of these bumble, functionaries would leave in our existence ! I knew a man who for twenty years filled this pobition. A former soldier, tbutiks to irreproachable records of Eervica strengthened by a little influ ence, he had obtained the great favor of having placed to his credit fifty francs per month at the postoflico of tho dis trict. Pere Martin was not very fond of this brilliant position, bat he perfectly nnderstood his responsibility and duties; he never complained. Everybody in the district was acquainted with this little gray haired man with bronzed features, whose limbs had the pliancy nd strength of steel. He was highly appreciated, for, while a scrupulous observer of the regulation, he never refused to perform a service, provided it did not conflict with his duties. There was not a corner of his route which ho had not passed over, accom panied by his wolf dog. He knew to a meter the distance separating the small est hamlet from the chief town of tho district, and was familiar with all the paths and byways. To spare himself half an hour's walk he never would have thrown into a ditch some silly prospectus or some minted matter bearing a doubtful ad dress ; if he returned anything to the wostoflice it was because its address could not be found. He was the slave of his orders, as punctual aa the clock, aod so discreet as to discourage tne most curious. Everybody greeted him kindly when he arrived at a village; the children came to him, and even the dogs barked joyously at his approach. There was considerable rivalry as to who shonld ofl'er him a glass of cider and a slice of bacon. But he rarely accepted anything. Time passed and he did not like to contract troublesome obligations. Hence the notes made concerning him were excellent, and his" chiefs re gretted that the parsimony of the ad ministration only permitted them to reward his loyal services with con temptible gifts. One day in the middle of October he departed on is usual round. The weather was frightful; it had been raining incessantly for more than a week; tho roads had become bogs and the brooks had been transformed into torrent; what foliage remained on the trees was, so impregnated with water that it could not offer a protecting shelter. The postman, wet to the skin, Walked with the impassibility of an old soldier who does not discuss his orders. He had distributed a portion of his moil, bnt his round was far from being finished when he passed an inn, or rather a miserable drinking-house, sitnated at the entrance of a wood; this place was mainly patronized by sabot-makers, who found thero alcoholio drinks and a few groceries. 'Hoi Monsieur, the postman, stop here for an instant; while you aro giv ing me the information I need, the violence of the storm will abate." This invitation wns addressed to him by a man who, with a pipo in his mouth, was standing upon tho threshold of the drinking-houBe. Tho rain was pouring down at that moment; a flerco blast swept it into Tore Martin's face, proventod him from walking and bent to the ground the stalwart trees. The postman was a littlo ahead of time, and the demands of the service do not go so far as to forbid tho ac ceptance of a momentary shelter when it offers itself under such circumstance. Ho, therefore, went into the house and Fat down beside tho firo which cracf led on tho hearth. Tho man who had invited him to enter threw upon it somo dry branches, which wero soon in flames; a heavy vapor arose from Mar tin's soaked garments. The t-tranger interrogated tho post man as to the hours of the departure of the mails, and asked him a host of questions about himself, his sorvico and ! even thing concerning it " Yon kr.ow mo then ?" said tho post man. " Parbl'JU 1 Everybody loves and esteems you here; Pero Martin's valuo is well known. I hope yon will not re fuse to drink with me. Ho I Madam Hosier, two glasses of your best brandy." A woman waited on them and re turned to her occupation. " What a dog's trado you follow, Pero Martin 1" said the man. " Will it tako you much longer to finish your round ? You doubtless have yet to go to tho Landu Grio, to PIcsmh. I know some ore who is impatiently waiting for you there. I nm obliged to pass iu tho vicinity. If you wish it I will relieve yon of your letters." "Thank Ton ; I will deliver them my self." "Ttat's yourself out and out. After all you are right. It is your duty to deliver them." While talking with a loquacity which did not encourage the postman he took up tho sack tho latter had placed beside him, seemed to feel its weight aud turned it over and over. " Let my sack alone, please," said Martin, eo'ldly. "You have disar ranged all my letters. I shall no longer know what to do." Tho other humbly excused himself for his awkwardness. " The evil is reparable," added he. " Seat yourself at this table, and you will have no trouble to arrange the let ters according to the route you shonld take." Tho postman emptied his sack before him, and began to arrange his letters. His questioner affected to keep dis creetly at a distance, bnt found an op portunity to cast a furtive glance over his shoulder. While Martin was busy with his work ho heard furious growls behind him. "Pere Martin, help me to prevent your dog from strangling mine," said his new acquaintance. The postman arose and caught his doer by the skin of the neck. The ani mal's fury contrasted with its habitual gentleness. This fact seemed strange to Martin. He felt distrust of tho communicative stranger grow upon him. He was about to replace his papers in the sack when the man, as if to see what was the state of the weather, opened the door. At the same instant the wind swept impetuously into the room, which it filled with a thick smoke, and lifting the lottei'3 (spread out upon the table scattered tliem in every direction. The postman uttered an exclamation of anger. 'i Bah ! it is nothing," said the person who had caused the accident. "We two will speedily gather them up." And without hee'ding the refusal of Martin, who wished to avoid his help and do the work alone, he began to search for the letters. When they had collected all they could find tho postman carefully ex amined them ; then he seemed worried, as if he had not the full number. "Are any missing?" asked his com panion. "It appears to me that there was another letter." "Bah! either you are deceived or you forgot it at the postofllce." " That is quite possible." He said to himself that it must be so. However he resumed his hunt and searched beneath the furniture. He found nothing and concluded that his memory had not served him faithfully, for he watched his companion's move ments and it did not seem admissible to him that he had stolen a letter. Never- j theless he hastened to depart, regret ting that he had entered the drinking- bouse. I lie man who had chatted with him inspired in him a veritable repul sion, and it was his rule, because of the habits of discretion which the postofllce imposes upon all its agents, to keep at a distance all who do not appear to him worthy of confidence. The storm had somewhat abated its fury, the rain soon ceased to fall and bright sunshine lighted up the country when the postman reached the nearest village. A woman was at the door of her hom e awaiting his passage. She was still young and, without possessing remark able beauty, had a neat and sympa- thetio countenance. " Monsieur Martin," said she to the dostman, " have you a letter for me ?" " No. Madam Andre, I have not." "That's strange; my husband should have written to me to-day; yon cannot imagine how much his silence troubles In." She grew pale and seemed scarcely to have the strength to sustain herself. The postman assisted her into the house and handed her a chair upon which sh let herself fall. Two charm ing children fixed on her sad and anx ious looks. You will receive a letter to-morrow, Madam Andre," said Pere Martin ; " the delay of a day is easily explained: your husband was disappointed, some unfore seen business suddenly demanded his attention and he missed the mail." No; I know hiin ar d cannot under stand his silonca. Yon are aware that he departed two months ago for the city. Some work was to ba attended to which promised to biinjj him in a great deal of money; a small inheritance was to bo received. But all is concluded. He sent me word that ho would return this evening; he had made his arrange ments to that end. To-morrow the farm of La Mane is tobe sold ; ho has deoidod to purchase either all or part of it. It is an opportunity which will novor again present itself, bnt I would prefer a thousand times that ho should miss it to having him return withont notifying me." " Why ?" ' Because somo one has wicked do sipins against him and at night a ter rible blow is soon struck. You know thero aro two rontos by which to return hero ; one is longer than the other, but safer. I uni afraid lost ho limy return by way of the Monliu-Brnlo, tho moro ho as thero i somo cno to eo in that direction. I tremble at tho mtro thought of it. 1 f I only know Tho postman strove to calm her fears, but she shook her head. "You cannot think," resumed hhe, what certain men aro capable of when they havo a grudge against anybody." Sim seemed to herniate, ami then added : If I tremblo it in not dimply be cause my husband will navo it puss through a dangerous spot wild money in his pocket, but beciuiso there is in tho district u wretch whoso denree.t wish is to put live feet of earth between them. "This hatred dales from long ngo. Wheu I was a young girl ho wanted to nuirry mo, but ho lill.d me with horror. Ho has never pardoned mo for having ri'pnl.-ed li is offers, and has enveloped i'l tho mono animosity tho mini I pre ferred to him. Ho hates Georges and nivfelf for being iu easy circumstances while ho vegetates ill want, as if honest people were responsible for tho mis takes of idlers and drunkards. Thin i not all. A crime was recently com mitted ; suspicious were aroused, bnt the proofs wero wanting. I possess them, aud the guilty man know3 it. Ah! it is a dangerous secret for a woman who has only children around her." " Yesterday he accosted mo to sound me; I did not hido from him my con tempt. He saw clearly that he was un masked in my eyes; he overwhelmed me with in-ralts and threats. I took the nnfoitunato notion to say to him that soon, when my husband had re turned, when he hud a man before him, ho would bo less presumptuous. Oh ! if yon knew what glances bis eyes shot at me, what an expression of hatred his features wore I I know that often dur ing the night he haunts the ruins of tho Moulin-Brule. If this man should dis cover that my husband is to pu3s through that place, I tell you, Monsieur Martin, he is lost!" "What is the scoundrel's name ?" "Jean Bruno, It is not astonishing that you are unacquainted with him, for since his return to the district he ha3 not pub.'icly shown himself." The postman was silent. He remem bered having heard tho woman at tho drinking-house call the man he had met there by that name. Ho auked himself iu consternation if the letter had not been stolen from him, but he recalled all the circumstances and banished this supposition. He felt certain that the epistle had not been in his sack; he re assured himself and sought to reassure the woman, yet ho resolved to await her husband's arrival at tho chief town of tho district to adviso him to be prudent. lie hastened away and wnen ne was alone his fears regained possession of him. Ho again began to doubt and little by little was seized upon by a terror he could not explain. He in creased his pace and leaped over the hedges and ditches with unusual niui bleness. Unfortunately, his round that day was exceptionally long, and the bad weather in addition had considerably delajed him. He reached the postofllce a little later than was his custom. The woman who distributed the mails on being consulted by him affirmed that he had taken away "a letter for Madam Andre. One of her assistants confirmed this declaration. The postman was thunderstruck. He saw with fright the heavy responsibility thrown upon him. His terrors aug mented when he remembered that time and again, at the moment of opening the mail bags, a man had presented him self, asking if there was anything for Madam Andre I He flew rather than ran to the office of the coach which carried passengers from tho nearest station on the railway to the chief town. Georges Andre had arrived, but had set out immediately on foot for his village. This news gave Martin a violent shock. The prospect of a catastrophe for which he would be responsible arose before bun. lie saw this man, who had returned with joy in his heart, encountering death at the threshold of his home through his fault, and misfor tune overtaking the widow and the orphans. The darkest clouds troubled his imagination. Ha did not hesitate, and, withont taking time to enter his dwelling, started off again. Those who saw him pass. absorbed in Lis thoughts and noticing no one around him, asked themselves what grave affair could have caused this breathless haste on the part of a man who must have come back trom his round broken by fatigue. After having passed over a fourth of the distance he inquired concerning the traveler and asked if he had been seen. He had gone by somo time before. The joy of return had given wings to his' feet, as the thought of a misfortune to be averted had increased the speed of the postman. There was no longer even the shadow of a doubt ; the fated man had taken the path which led straight to the Moulin-Brule. Pere Martin calculated that by passing over another path, which, however, was rough and dangerous, he could yet ar rive before him. He hastened on and reached the fatal spot when the night was already ad vanced. The place was well fitted for an ambuscade. There was a species of cut through the rocks. On both sides bushy trees formed an almost impene trable shade ; rapidly moving clouds at each instant veiled the moon, the wan rays of which addod to the sinister character of the landscape. lie paused ; amid the rustling of the foliage agitated by tho wind he thought he heard tho sound of approaching footsteps; it was, donbtless, George Andro, whom ho had procedod only by a few instants; ho was about going to meet him when tho report of a gnu rang out and a ball struck him full in the breiiHt. Tho assasin emerged from a neigh boring thicket; but. on approaching his victim to finish and rob him ho found himself in tlm presence of a now aetor and vented liiHilisiippointineiit in a hor ribln oath; ho hail recognized (leorgn Andro. Tho blado of a knife flaiihnd in his hand, but ho was not, allowed timo to 11H it - a club ib'snondod vigor ously upon his howl mid folloil him to tlm ground. A woman, distracted with terror, at this moment threw hornxlf on tlm pout -mini's body. " ( )h! how wri'lched I mil !" cried nlio. "1 foresaw it; lie him lulled dim I" Minium Audio liud not been ublo to subline her ti noimi mi-hm and, at tlm hour nlio supposed her liu'iliaiid otitfhl to iir- rive, slid bail eomo to wml. lor him; ul the report of tlm gun, nlio liml run for ward iiriviiiilnloly. "JciuiiiK," Miid her hiuituiml to hi-r, " reiiHWiro youiMelf; I nm unhurt I " It. was not you t Who thou linn lie assassinated '" They bent over Miirtln'n body, and rccofnizoil him in Hie moonlilit, which at that i i ) m I in 1 1, illiuuiimtoil bin fuen nnl uniform. 'i'lio huiibiilid mid wifo curried him to tin ir home, where ho lived only twenty four hours. lln rcluled how Iki Im'l ill I owed to bn stolen from him tlmlctler in which (leorgeH Audio liml iinnoiinceil his return, liml how ho had decided to prevent, ut any price, tlm cormcfpicriceH of his negligence, even if ho iiliould be compelled to oll'er his life in exchange for that of tho factor of n family whom he had involuntarily helped to place in peril. Obscure victim of duty, he had added another act to the list of thoso unknown sacrifices which aro made daily, without being encouraged I y tne nope of any recompense, without even having for indemnification the remembrance they should leave behind him. Trichiute in Man. For some thirty years subsequent to the first description of the capsule by nil ton, and some twenty-five years after the identification of the parasite itself in man, the same were looked upon as mere harmless curiosities, and that, although Leidy discovered the parasite in the flesh of swine in 1817, still it was not until 1800 that tho connection was established between them, appearing, as they had, iu two totally different ppe- cies i men and swine.) The honor of this important discovery belongs to Dr, Zenker, of Dresden, Germany. The diseaso was discovered in a servant girl, admitted as a typhus patient to the City hospital in Dresden. Sho died, and lii flmh was found to Vo n.lrfal infested with trichina). Leuckart's and other experiments have shown that a temperature of 140 degrees Fahrenheit is necessary to securely render triehinio inert. Direct heat ap plied to the slides holding specimens of triehinousnork.bv means of the Schultz hoKtinir table, has demonstrated under the micros-cope that a temperature of lifty degrees centigrade 1122 uegree8 Fahrenheit) is necessary to the certain f tlm trichina Leisering's ex- periments with trichinous pork, made up into sausage moat and cooked twenty minutes, gave positive results wnen ieu to one rabbit and negative by another. He sums up his experiment as follows: 1 TVinVnnm nr killed bv li ng con tinued salting of infected meat, and also bv subiecting the same for twenty- four hours to the action of smoke in a heated chamber. 2. They are not killed by means of cold smoking for a period of three days, and it also appears that twenty minutes cooking freshly prepared sausage meat is sutllcient to kill tuem in an cases. Tho various kinds of cooking, how ever, are quite different in their effects on trichinous pork. Frying and broil ing are most efficient, roasting coming next. Boiling coagulates the albumen on tha outer surface, and allows the heat to penetrate less readily ; it thould be kent no. therefore, for at least two hours for large pieces of meat. Whether boiled, broiled or fried, port snoutd alwavs be thorongmy cooKea. rrac ticallv BDeaktng. tne cooKing, sailing and hot smoking which pork in its va- rions forms receives in the United States must be, in the vast majority of cases, sufficient to kill the trichinie and verdent infection of the person con- turning the meat. Everything like H.nDarunnrb in fjprnianv are unknown lmra n.l trieliimiaia in a fatal form is undoubtedly a rare diseaso. Ju the vi cinity of the great pork packing estab lishmentsnear Boston the "npare-ribs," iha intercostal muscles, are lunrul o 1 .in ah! anil eaten bv the ueorile near bv. and trichiniaais among tliom Iqq nnt in a sincle case been re ported, so far as I have been .able to loom Tim nnts being thin and well 1.J tri.tiinm in thpm arA nnita UUU&CU HUT - - "1 certain to bo killed. Even when tri- china are introduced into the intestinal canals, too, they are sometimes expelled by diarrhea,' and the invasion of the system by a sniaii iiuuiucruuen uu uuiu. American Microscopical Journal. Priestly was the first to remark that gaaas are diffused through each other. Snails. The great Vine snail has quite a his-, tory, and its lease of life should be a long one, if that may be measured by tho powers of endurance. In 1774 tho members of tbeKoyal society in England could not be brought to believe an Irish collector, who averred tnat certain white snails that had been confined for fifteen years came out of their shall 9 upon his son's putting them in hot water; but the possibility of the '..thing was proved in 1850, when, after four years somnolence in the British museum, an Egyptian desert snail woke up, none the worse for its long rest and absti nence. It fed heartily on lettuce leaves, and lived for two years longer. Spal lanzain asserted that ho had often be headed snails withont killing them, and in a few months they were as lively as ever, having grown now heads in retirement. Snail-eating has been in vogue for many centuries, and was considered by the anoicnt Romans one of their tablo luxuries. In Pliny's timo Barbary snails stood first in repute, those in Sicily ranking next; and i- was the custom to fatten thorn for tho table by dieting them on meal and new wine. In modern Jvomo lresli gut. tiered snails am hawked from door to oor iy women, who boil them in their she lis, slew them, or fry them in oil. Snails are gathered off tho vines by tho peas antry iu tho wino district of France, and aro Kent lit) in cases and wicker baskets to Paris halls, whero they aro sold by auction, and aro purchased by peo)ilo who tnakn it their tmsinesH to ptciir them for tho restaurants and (iliiueiitiitrH. They aro killed by being placed in scalding water, and after lieing removed from tlinir shells by the aid of u piece of wir'i aro thrown into mi Immense, copper and boiled forthree- iiiutt.ers of an hour in a riiixturn com poned of w.it.er, vine.tmr, Halt and herbs. They iirothcn replaced in their hhells, tho moiium or which am closed with butler uti'l parsley, and aro ready for Mil". To prepum them for tho table, it. Mifllcen to t.luco them in tho frying iiin for fe.w iiiritit.cH with a email i.ieco of bn'ter un'l wiUiont removing t hem In m thi-.ir i-.hi-.lhi. They are. sold tit, the wir.u chop arid charcitk-rs at thir'.y uri'l for'.r centimes t.ht- d r.'-.n. A centriry ',u,t 4 fl.'fft or i-.rii annually '-.tyU-A from l.'Im iri"rAii" of 10. f:V:h:r.t; from verity-five, to for'.r K'jrir. a'cg. " In ths Tyro younger! of both Miies aro ernpiovc'i uunri u.c hnraiaer months colbicting snail1! us ht.ck for mall garleriH iiriall plats of land ch arcd of trees and overfed with bear of moss and pine twigs, separated from each other by moats, having gratings at their outlets to prevent any truants that may get into the water from bciug carried bayond bounds The prisoners are mipplied daily with fresh grass and cabbage leaves until their appetites fail and they retire into the moss heaps for their winter sleep the last one tney will enjoy; for when spring comes they are routed out of their beds, packed in straw lined boxes, and sent on to market. In a favorable season one of theso gardens will turn out 40,000 snails. The consumption of them in South Tyrol must be great. Snails are often used, boiled in milk, for diseases of the lungs, and are sent to this country as a delicacy; they are very indiscrim inate in their appetite, and even devour tho dead of their own kind. SnailB delight iu warm moist weather; in dry weather their chief time of activity is in the night, and they hide themselves by day; but alter rain tney come forth at any hour in quest of food. At the approach of winter, or in very dry weather, theyclos-e tho mouth of the shell with a membrane formed by tho diving of the mucus substance which they secrete, ami uccomo torpiJ. A Thorough Job, Judge M . a well known jurist living near Cincinnati, was fond of re latin this anecdote. He Had once oc- ension to sbnd to the village for a car penter, and a sturdy young fellow ap- pearea wnn ms iouis. " I want this fence mended to keep tVm cattle. There are some unplaned boards- use them. It is out of sight from the house, so you need not take time to mane it a neai ion. m w"j rinv von a dollar and a half." r-.-'y . - , 3 The judge went to dinner, uu turn ing out found the man carefully planing eacli board. Supposing that he was trying to make a costly job of it, ne ordered him to nail them on at onco just as they were, an" continued his walk, wnen ne reiurneu iuo uumuo were planed and numbered ready for nailing. " I told you that this fence was to ue covered with vines," he said, angrily. " I do not care how it looks. "I do," said the carpenter, grumy, carefully measuring his work. uen it was finished there was no part of the fence so thorough in finish. " How much do you charge t asted the judge. "A dollar and a nan, saiu ma uiiu, Hlinublerinor his tools. The judge stared. " ny aid you spend all that labor on the job, if not for money t " For the job, sir." Nobody would have seen the poor work on it." "But I should nave Known it was there. No; 1 11 take only tno dollar and a half." And ho took it and went ISM Ten vears afterward the judge had - the contract to give ior tne uuiiuiug ui - certain iuagnihcent puuno tmiuiiDgs. There were many applicants among master-builders, but the face of one I oiiKrVit, liis eve. It was ny man of the fence," he - raid. I knew wo should have only good, genuine work from him. I gave him the contract and it made a rich I man nt bim." ... v. ... , , . , It is a pity that boys were not taught in their earliest yea rs that the highest success belongs only to the man, be he carpenter, farmer, author or artist, whose work is most sincerely and thor oughly done. In potatoes there are seventy-five parts water to every hundred pounds. FACTS AND COMMENTS. Mr. Arthur is the sixth President who wen wifeless to tho White House, nis predecessors in this respect were Jeffer son, Jackson, Van Buren, Tyler and Buchanan, alt but tho bachelor Buchanan having been widower. It appears that if any one wants to go out in the ocean three miles from the American or British shore and cut a telegraph cable he can do so with im punity. No country would have juris diction over mm. it wouia not seem that there could be much danger of cable-cutting so far out, but the eleo- trio congress in Paris wants protective measures taken. Vaccination as practiced in China has two peculiar features. The subject is not operated on the arm or leg. but in the nose; and the government, while it does not compel people to submit to tho operation, practically reaches the same end that it would by doing so, by offering to parents for every child vac cinated a premium of 100 copper cash, which amounts to about ten cents, and, for a poor Chinaman in his own country, a sum not altogether to be despised. The Mormon priests, in their ser mons, are telling their deluded follow ers that if they had been called they could have saved the President's life simply by laying on of hands. The Halt Lake Tribune, a fearless paper, that has for years been a painful thorn in the side of the Mormon church, per tinently asks the wise healers: " Why didn't they save their Prophet Brigham in that way? Why didn't they save the sixty Mormon children that died in Halt Like in AugUht by that simple process? Tho frauds shouldn't all answer at once." .T. V. Hoars, in an article entitled " Housekeeping Hereafter," in the At lantic Monthly, predicts great changes in tho future in housekeeping methods. Me thinks that every fifty families will bo provided with a centralized estab lishment, from which heat, light aud power will be furnished, while the do mestic supplies of each house will be delivered through pneumatic tubes. There will be a common oven and laun dry. There will bo no coal ashes to tako out, and many other present En noyances will be avoided. Ibis sys tem, it is maintained, will also result in reducing expenses. Among other industrial changes in the Southern S'ates during the past few yeavs, is the notable cno of subdivi sions of the larso plantations. A bulle tin issued fron the census office presents a table marking the increase in the number of farms iu the several States that formerly were divided into immense tracts of land worked by one owner, from 1800 up to the present date. This shows an immense increase in the number of farms in all the Stages excepting Dela ware, where the increase appears to correspond only to tho increase of the population. The increase is also partly accounted for in Florida and Arkansas by the'settlement of regions not pert mauently occupied twenty years ago; in a word, tho increased number ol farms is to a largo extent due to emi gration in those States. According to the cntimatea made in the bulletin tq ferred to, most of the farms do not ex' ce.ed 500 acres, while many of them comprise less than 100 acres. An American lady wrote to Andrew D. White when he was minister at the couit of Berlin. Tho lady in question. calmly informed the American minister that a grand fair was to be held "in our town " before long for tho purpose ot raising money to build a new church. Shu was at work herself on a sort oi autograph beduuilt, and she inclosed sii sauare nieces of white linen, on which she wished the emperor and em- nress of Germany. Prince Bismarck and other German dignitarieH to in scribe their names in indelible ink. "Be sure," she addod, thoughtfully, " to have them write exactly in tho mid dle, so that the pieces will nt ngut. When it is remembered that Mr. White little patches and a bottle of iudelible ink nnrl iislf this favor of the heads ot the most stiffly ceremonious ccurt iu Europe, the reader will pronaoiy nn- derstand that the autograph bedquilt was completed, if at all, without tne desired contribution from the German empire. An Italian naturalist has been study- inor tha eucalyptus tree, and finds it as valuable for destroying miasma as the most sanguine Californians have ever claimed it to be. It has extraordinary powers of absorp'ion, tho trunk of a full-grown tree taking up ten times its own weight of water from the soil in which it stands. This alone is often enough to purify a fover district, the superfluous miasma-breeding moisture in the earth being aDaoroea uy mo ueo. Experiments with eucalyptus planting in miasmatic regions have given sur nrisinor results. The vicinity of the Convent Delle tro Foutane, near Rome, was one cf the iucst postilental spots in Italy, but monks sent there iu 1868 to plaut groves of these trees made it a healthful region within five vears. On a farm near the Algerian borders, where nreviouslv no human being could live for anv length of timo. 1,300 eucalyptus plants set in loo nave counieracieu . " .. nP- 1 A every tendency to fever. Similar ex periments have been successful also in Alsace and Lorraine. The home of the tree is iu Australia and Tasmania. It composes in great measure the forests of Australia, In California all varie ties of the tree are to bo found. It is planted there chiefly on account of its rapid growth, to outain suaue anu woou land on somo of the otherwise treeless plains. So quickly does the eucalyptus grow that a plant three feet high, set in the ground near Mentoue in 1869, had attained in 1871 a height ot over fifty feet and a diameter of forty inches three feet from the ground. An Unpxppctcd Rise. I stood on tho porch at owning, (Vli9i tho s in won', silsnMy 1'v.vil, And tho June bug bright in tho starry night Flow merrily through tho town. h, sweot woro tho ttontlo zophyrs That blow from tho balmy South, And rod were tho lips and sweet th That I took from the protty mout , Hor tiny waist was encircled Dy my arm so strong and tni. Said f, " Whose ducky are yon, love " " "Yours," sho murmured, "and whoee are ye?. m. Oh, tho hallowedours of that evening Oh, the cruel caprice of fate I Her father, unkind, came up from bohina, Aud fired rae over tho gato. Chicago Tribune. IIUMOTt OF THE DAY. The artist's adieu to his picture You be hanged. If a boy gets on tho wrong " track " it shows that his father's " switch" has not had a fair chnuce. A fool in high station is like a man in a balloon. Everybody appears little to him, and he appears little to everybody. " Old age is coming upon me rapid ly," said an urchin, who was stealing apples from an old man's garden, as he saw the owner coming furiously toward him with a stick in his hand. An article appears in one of our ex changes on tho " Freo Importation of British Pig." If the British pig is coming to reside among us, we presume he intends to make his living by his pen. New York Commerchil. His name was'Presto Mngico, and he was giving his great entertainment in a small village. "Will any one in the audience let me have a five-dollar note?" he asked, with his blandest smile. The entertainment ended ab ruptly, as the audience rose aud left with 'precipitate hasto. It was more , than they could stand. Philadelphia Sun. Johnny had a little sister who was suffering with the toothache, and her mother put some camphor in it to oas ' the pain. The young man watched tt operation and then went out and toi tne neighbors that ins sister nad mo! in her teeth and his mother put campho in her mouth to drive 'em away. Situ, banville Herald. The life of a queen is supposed to be one long summer day, breathing the fragrance of sweet peace and content ment, without a cloud to mar tho sun shine, and so forth. There never was a' greater error. The London World says that a " Scotch piper plays under yueen Victoria's window every morning at 8 o'clock." How tho fiend manages to escape after each serenade i8 a mystery. -joiriftorn ltyrald. WISE WORDS. Labor is life. All true work is sacred. Doing nothirg is the most slavish toil. We wish for more in life, rather than more of it. Jem Ingeloir. Good food makes good blood, and Rood food is the life of the body. To select well among old things, is almobt equal to inventing new ones. Stay not until you are told of oppor tuuities to do good inquire after them: Action may not always bring happi ness; bnt there is no hippiness without action. To correct an evil which already exists is not so wise as to foresee and Nature has sometimes made a fool, but a coxcomb is ulways of a man s own making. The men who mix tho least with their fellows become at Kast the most thoroughly one-s;ded. It is alwavs better to keep out of a quarrel than to make it up ever so amicably utter you have gone into one. To have in general but little feeling seems to be the only secirity against feeling too much on any particular oc casion. Words are things ; and a small drop of ink, falling like dew upon a thought, produces that which makes thousands, perhaps millions, think. There is a great differenee between nationality and race. JNiiiouaniy is me miracle of political independence. Race is the principle of ptiysicai analogy, Life is a leaf of paper white; Whereon each ono of us may write Hi word or two, and thou cornea night: Though thou hnve timo But for a lino, be that sublime; Not tailure, but low aim, is ctime. . It. Lnwfll It is most certain that all tongues would be silent if all ears wero not open ; ana neuoe it was an apposne eas ing ot tne ani-ients, mat tne imiei iiu btarer of slander bhould both be bangt-d the one by the tongue and the other . by the ears. Robert South. We all have to struggle manfully in the tide, and s irue of us almost float away and are found with ft e' la. breath, but the Lord wil lprovido. Of the man who is true to himself it can oe sua as of old it was said of Asher: "Thy shoes shall ba of ir-m and Druss; and as thy days, so shall thy strength be." I know not what the world niiy think of my labors, but to myself it neems that I have been but a child playing on the eeafchore, now finding some pebble rather mote polished, aui now some shell more agroeably variegated than ' another,' while the immense oceiu of truth fx'ended itself unexplored before me. Sir Isaac Neiptvn. 1 . Tho world's history is a divine poem, of which the history of every nation is i a canto and every man a word. Its strains have been pe ling along down the centuries, and, though thero have been mingled tho discords of warring cannon and dying men.yet to tho Chris tian philosopher and historian the humble listener there has been a divine melody running through the song which speaks of hope and halcyon days to come. Jamet A. (Jarjield.