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Henry A. Parsons, Jr., - Edit or THUHSDAY, DEC 1, 1SR1. ENTEUEH AT TIIK PoRT-OFFICK AT RllKIWAY, I'A., AS 8EC0NIJ ULASS MAIL MATTER. Postmaster J nine' Resignation. Postmaster General .Tallies lias written and forwarded to President Artlnir his olHelal letter of resignation as a (Cabinet official, to take effect on the first of January next. The friends of Postninsti'r-fleneral James deeply regret that he is com pelled to leave the PostofTlee Depart ment lr advance of the elose of the flsenl year. When General James left Washington last Friday, it was wifh the expectation that ho could arrange his business nfl'airs in Xcw York so as to be able to remain in the Cabinet far into the summer. A conference with the directors of the Lincoln National Uailk, of which he is President, has since convinced him that it would be impracticable to neglect his private af fairs longer than the 1st of January, and he has asked the President to ac cept his resignation on that date. Mr. James' successor will not be named by the President until after the holiday recess. Presidential Succession. Phllnilclplila Press. Senator Garland has introduced a bill modifying the act of 178!) in regard to the Presidential succession by pro viding that in case of the removal by death, resignation or inability of the President and Vice-President, the Hecrctary of State, or if there be none, the Heeretary of the Treasury, or in lieu of him the Secretary of War shall act as President, instead of the Presi dent pro tern, of the Senate, or Speaker of the House as now provided. Some journals criticise Mr. Garland's bill, insisting that the Cabinet otlleer mentioned should be added to the "present line of succession rattier than (substituted for it. The change Mr. Garland proposed is however, n highly desirable one. It was a mistake to put the President pro tern, and Speaker in the Presidential succession in the first place. They are not oltlcers of the United States but of the separate Houses of Congress, and hold their office only at the pleasure of those bodies. Should President pro tern. Davis now succeed to President Arthur's place several serious (jues tions would arise at once. Would he continue to be Senator and President pro teii. of the Senate, as well as Ac ting President of the United States, or would his tenure of the lesser office cease on his assumption of the greater. Senator Morton held that it would not, aud in such a case, the one succeed ing to the President's duties would have to continue Senator and Presi dent pro teui., in order to be President. As the Senate can change its President pro tem. at pleasure, it could therefore change the Acting President of the United States at its discretion. The same difficulties apply in the case of Speaker. The Secretary of State, who is an executive officer and necessarily in sympathy with the Administration, providentially or otherwise termina ted, is the proper person to administer the office of President until the people can fill the vacancy. Newark, N. J., Dec. 12 The agreement of the directors of the Mech anics' National Hank is still in the hands of counsel, and will not be made public until to-morrow. It pro vides, it is understood, that nine directors shall contribute $"('(1,000 to pay depositors under S'200 in full, and other depositors seventy-five per cent, within three months, provided the creditors- agree to surrender their olahns against the institution; also, to relieve the stockholders of their as sessment, provided they assign their share to a person to bedesignated by the directors. The amount which may be realized from Nugent & Co., will be divided pro rata, In addition to the 73 per cen t. The only way which the Chicago Tribune sees to assure the advantages of common school education every where, and to enjoy the resulting benefit of the more intelligent citizen ship, is to create a National fund that shall he ample to support schools in all the States aud Territories, wid to make the distribution thereof subject to such conditions as shall guarantee the extension of equal school facilities to all races, all classes and all sects. Chicago handles about one-third of the entire forest products of the vast pineries of the Northwest. Millions of acres of timber lands in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa and Il linois are tributary to her market. The entire product of these pineries last year in manufactured lumber amounted to about 5,750,000,000 feet, and, according to the best estimates at this date, the production for the pres ent year will show an excess of at least twelve per cent.. Kentucky is agitating a new scheme of public education aud a' bill is to be Introduced in the Legislature, aud is likely to pass, recommending that the Governor, Attorney General, Auditor, Secretary of the State, Treas urer, the Superintendent of Public Instructions aud three practical teach ers, to be chosen by the foregoing offi cials, shall constitute a State Board of Education, to have full management ef the publto schools, make the rules and regulations aud adopt the text books. Scrap pictures! scrap pictures!! erap picture!!! a great variety at The Advocate office Blaine's Successor. TUB NEW REURETAHY OK BTATK CON FIRMED FY TIIK REN ATE. t'hllfldfilphla 1'rriM. Washington, Deo. 12. The Preal dent sent to the Senate to-day the nomination of ex-Senator Freder ick T. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey, to be Secretary of State. The nomination was confirmed as soon as It was read, and so far as known it meets with the cntlreapproval of every member of the Senate. Few Secre taries of Slate have ever entered office under more fovorable circumstances. Several days will probably pass be fore Mr. Frelinghuysen, who is now at bis home in Newark, assumes the duties of office. By diligent work since President Garfield's death Secre tary Iflnine has relieved the State De partment of Its urgent business, and on the day that Mr. Frelinghuysen be comes in reality the Secretary of State, a new administration of the office will begin, unincumbered by the affairs of his predecessor. The ex-Secretary, who lias been eon 11 nod lu Washing, ion since the return of the Cabinet from Cleveland, has announced his intention of spending a few days at the Atlanta Exposition, and will possi bly travel a week or two in the South. He will spend the winter in his new lesidence near the British Legation, which is now in course of completion. Secretary Frelinghuysen is expected to arrive in Washington on Wednes day. A SKETCH OK THE CAREER OK Til E NEW 8ECKKTAKY. Frederick T. Frelinghuysen was born August 4, 1.H17. He is the son of Frederick Frelinghuysen and grand son of General Frederick Frelinghuy sen, a soldier in the Revolution, whose grandfather was an eminent clergy man in Somerset County, New Jersey, in the early history of the colony. As the name indicates, the family is of Holland origin. Frederick Freling huysen, the father of the ex-Senator, died in 1820 after filling various prom inent positions. Upon his death, Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, then three years old, was adopted by Sena tor Theodore Frelinghuysen, his uncle, who was a leading man in pub lic affairs during his day, the nominee of the Whigs for Vice President with Henry Clay, Attorney -General of New Jersey and of the United States, Seuator of the United States, Chan cellor of the University of New York, and president of Rutgers College, which position he held at the time of his death in 100. In 1S3 Frederick T. Frelinghuysen was graduated at Rutgers College and three years later was admitted to the bar. He began practice in Newark and was early elected City Counsel. Soon after its construction he became counsel of the Central' Railroad Company of New Jersey, the Prosecutor of the Pleas of Essex County, and in 1SG1 a member of the Peace Commission at Washing ton. Later in the year he was ap pointed Attorney-General of New Jersey by Governor Olden, and in 18G0 was reappointed by Governor Ward Soon alter his reappointment the death of United States Senator William Wright occurred, and Mr. Frelinghuysen was appointed in his place. The position was one to which his ambition led him, and the duties of which he felt ability to perform with credit to his State. In 1807 the Legislature elected hint to fill the un expired term, aud he then began a career which was distinguished throughout- Re-elected for the full term of six years in 1871, lie served on the Judiciary, Foreign Relations, Fi nance, Railroads, and other Commit tees, and was Chairman of that on Agriculture. He was nominated in 1870 by President Grant as Minister to England, but declined after having been unanimously confirmed. When Senator Sumner died, lie left his work of passing the Civil Rights bill to Mr. Frelinghuysen, and it was the hitter's efforts that finally secured it to the colored race. During the excitement following the war and during the whole of President Grant's adminis trations, he hud a prominent part iu every contest, ami his biography for that time would be a history of Na tional legislation. On financial mat ters he was always a "hard-money" man, and on the tariff a pronounced Protectionist. He was particularly prominent in the debates on the Washington Treaty; introduced and advocated until it passed the Senate the bill against polygamy in Utah, and the Japanese indemnity bill, and successfully opposed the bill granting Southern sufferers by the Rebellion compensation for damages. Mr. Freliughuysen's last session as a Seuator was exciting. His term ended March 4, 1877, Senator Mc Phersou, Democrat, having been elect ed by a majpiity in the New Jersey Legislature as his successor. The ses sion of 187G-1877 opened with the re sult of the Presidential election in doubt. General Henry Wattersou of the Louisville Courier Journal had begun his talk of marshalling 100,000 Democrats at the Capital to see that Samuel J. Tilden was sworn in, while Zaehariah Chandler stuck to the text of the notice he had posted in the Re publican headquarters on F. street: "Hayes has 185 votes and is elected." The various schemes for settling the constitutional difficulties that had arisen were early discussed and gen erally rejected. The Semite was Re publican and the House Democratic. A proposition was finally made for the appointment of a committee on the part of the Senate and House, to be composed of an equal number of Democrats and Republicans, with power to consider the whole subject and report thereon. Leading men were selected by each branch, aud Mr. Frelinghuysen was one. The bill providing for au electoral count by memlcrs of the Senate, House and Justices of the Supreme Court was devised, Senators Edmunds, Cotikllng and Frellnehuysen leading in the work. Eachoftbethrecmadespeeches on the passage of the bill, apparently dividing the three points it contained among them. To be brief, the bill passed, and Mr. Frelinghuysen, Mr. Edmunds, Mr. Morton, Mr. Rayard, and Mr. Tlitirmnii were selected to represent the Senate on the greatest jury ever impaneled. The result is known the world over. During the deliberations Mr. Freliughuysen's part was a prominent one, and his col leagues expressed an indebtedness to him, which was extensively compli mentary. Singularly enough, the fifteenth member of the Electoral Com mission, Justice Joseph P. Bradley, was a college mute with Mr. Freling huysen, lived the most of his life within a block of him in Newark aud studied law in the same office. The elose of the session of Congress in 1877- left Mr. Frelinghuysen weak ened in health from over-exertion. He returned to Ills old country home on the bunks of the Ruritan, iu Somerset County, New Jersey, and rested. He then resumed practice in the United States Supreme Court and in the Sup reme Court and Court of Chancery of New Jersey. He has taken no active part in politics since then, except as an occasional public speaker. He was known among his friends as an advo cate of General Grant's nomination tit Chicago in 1KS0, but made no personal effort to secure a delegation from New Jersey in his favor. He supported President Hayes during his contests within the party, and was a warm adherent and earnest advocate of General Garfield's election, until pre vented by u malarial attack from any personal particpatioti iu thecampuign. Personally Mr. Frelinghuysen is tall, erect and handsome, with a line head, set nobly on Ills shoulders. His face, clean shaven, is impressive and intel lectual. His eyes are grey and clear and quick. He resides in Newark when not at his country. seat or at the watering places, and has a handsome house there, as well as one in Wash ington. Ho lias three sons, the eldest being the present Receiver of the Mechanics' National Hunk at Newark, and three daughters. In many ways ho is the ideal of what has been called the true American aristocrat intel lectual, shrewd, wealthy, of a tine old family, pure life courtly manners, handsome presence, easy humor and dignified without being at all unap proachable. His closest personal friends iu Washington during his term as Senator are said to have been Senator Edmunds, Justice Bradley, Secretary Hamilton Fish and President Grant. Mr. Frelinghuysen is not lacking iu experience in the office of Secretary of State, having been a working mem ber of the Committee on Foreign Re lations of the Senate for years, and possessing a familiarity with the de partment whicli few other Senators boast of at the time of his Senatorial service, backed by the education of a scholar, the instincts of a man of sense and the heart of a gentleman. He is an eloquent speaker, possessing to a marked degree the requirements of an orator. GET THE BEST ! LEAD ALL OTHERS! Every Style & Price. Guaranteed Uuequaled. FOB OPERATION. ECONOMY, DURABILITY and WORKMANSHIP. Improvements and Conveniences found i to others. Always ReBaafoEc. POPULAR EVERYWHERE. For Sale in Every City and Tows la the United, States. And by W. H. HYDE & CO., Ridgway, Pa. Christmas cards! Christmas cards!! Christmas cards!!! fifty Uiirerent styles and prices. The largest display ever seen in Ridgway at The Advocate ofllce. Never falls to cure any kidney riiftense wliat- pa nicoiiuuuuce or lulue, (wHimx tnu tud) mi p. a is a positive cure. - literrnrsof vuutli. li:ui-v nTiTTnrTnTr- For brlf It-dust r other flopo'lts. take Pf. rnrnervou8timlmiy and Iiiiih-u-hcv, tal i'EKL'XA Viil'lVsUjie &;iil;il liL-billtv Loliie energy, Are unci vlitorof youth In both sexes iuniiiyiinri.iv. ior utrvuui )uulr..u.ju, cuusuU by ticca alve natural or unnatural Rerunl tinlulcrence, n.KUA ih a mrA eurn. Aired and vounir nrfcnn?'vTi7i!T!HTnT7Y!TT too frequently, at nlnht, to nmke, water, can lor urluary dlaews of botU at-xea, for fu i.ile compMuts of all kinds, Pkhfxa Is a leelfle. g ' i . nil piiriiiv on t-KitiT-A. rrrr pacific. S10UO will lie n.il.l I,,r a.,v t .irM I'mtnv a u III not nurture or at leant greatly oeucllU ? Bend for a pamphlet. 8. B. ItAKTMAN 4 CO., Osborn, Ohio. Keep your boweli regular with Heath or cI. j0i,n flr. Forney. Colonel John W. Forney died At Ilia resilience in Philadelphia at 8;30 A. M. Friday, December 9, 1881. John Weiss Forney was born at Lan caster, ra., September 30, 181". In 18,13 he became an apprentice in the printing office of the Lancaster Journal, and In 183" editor and Joint proprietor of the Lancaster Intcttipcn ccr; in 1840 he united that paper with the Journal. He removed in 1845 to Philadelphia, where he was long the editor of the J'ennty Iranian, one of the most decided of Democratic journals. In 1851 he was chosen clerk of the United State House of Repre sentatives, and was re-elected in 18'3. Meanwhile his connection with the I'cnnsytvunian had ceased, and lie had become editor of the Union, the Demo cratic organ at Wanliln'ton. He re signed this post in 1850, returned to Pennsylvania ami was chosen chair man of t lie Democratic state commit tee. In January, 1857, he wus the Democratic candidate for the olliee of United States Senator, but was defeated by Mr. Cameron, and on August 1 fol lowing begun in Philadelphia the pub lication of the rreim, an independent Democratic journal. Although he advovated the election of Mr. Ruch anun to the Presidency, he became a determined opponent of his adminis tration when the Iiccomplon constitu tion of Kansas ' became the topic of public debute, and he was again chosen clerk of the house of representatives in the Thirty-sixth congress by the Republicans. .During the civil war he gave a constant support to the national government. In 181 he began the publication, in addition to the JWm in Philadelphia, of a weekly paper in the city of Washington, entitled the Chronicle; this also began to appear daily -in October, 18U2. From J 851 to 1808 Mr. Forney was secretary of the United States senate. In 1807 lie published "Letters on Kuiope," com prising a series of sketches of travel contributed on the Pi-cxh, while abroad, and in 1873 "Anecdotes of Public Men," a collection of papers published originally in the Sunday Chronicle and the 7Yc. He has more lately been the editor and publisher of the ProtrcM in Philadelphia. 1 Horrible Calamity. Pittsburgh. Pa., Dec. 10. This morning at 4 o'clock a (ire occurred at Gibson Station, Pittiburgh and Erie railroad, seven miles from here, in a shanty where nearly fifty railroad workmen boarded and were sleeping at the time. Ten of the men were burned to death, three more were fatally burned, and four others maimed for life. Twenty-three of the occupants of the loft succeeded in squeezing through the openings, some with underclothing on fire, others rushed frantically across the room uttering agonizing cries, but the smoke speed ily suffocated them. The survivors writhed in pain and fchlwrcl in the frosty air. The sufferers were cared for as soon as possible and brought here on a special train. All the men lived in Pittsburgh, and their families being notified of the calamity, the scene at the depot, when the charred remains readied here, was heartrend ing. Tht names of the dead are Patrick Foley, James Kearns, Johu Kennedy, Michael Doyel, Michel Donahue, John Reilly, Thomas Foster, John Conntrs, John Duffy and Patrick Clancy. The fatally burned are Michael Morlin and Patrick Ford. The maimed are Johu Riley, Michael Leonard, John Connolly and Hugh McCune. The men were sound asleep after a very hard day's work, and it was ow ing to tlie great gain the lire hud at tained beforo its heat awakened the men, and to their utter confusion at their situation, that the loss of lifo was no great. As it wus no survivor escaped entirely unhurt or with more clothing than he had been sleeping iu. The building was a rude board structure.forty-three laborers sleeping in the loft formed by the sloping roof and the two openings for light were closed at night by sliding doors. The loft was filled with straw aud other combustible material and thestrueture burned almost like powder. The stairs leading to the loft were a little better than a ladder. The fire was caused by the explosion of a lump in the kitchen. The keeper of the house, who was up, aroused his wife and the servant girls and they all escaped. The keeper shouted to the men up stairs, but the flumes spread Willi great rapidity cutting oil' all means of escape that wuy. if; J if you ro O f tl Ul LUC adl . W I'A L ' - Lib- NTH enpd bj t!ie at ml a of tlmulftiits and ua Wtv toilttiKOTermld' I mnia or II I- Dip lit work, to rc- r.op u tiers. If you art youn ud ltcrehioo vr dikmtya nod or lngl( old or poor health or liuiaruUU fttM, rely on Hop WMto, u Hop mffvrtnff from any 1n tlon t it youarvfoar- rouuK, fUtTeriiiy from off u bod of ate Bitters. lorv iv tun ncrvtftoa wheusver you ft'( thai your ijvtoia Ttiouaanai om n Dually from kjdii f urtu of K I d n a v dlveaM that mltflit Injr or UmuUtlng, v fthout tfnloxieaJtMtf, boon prove uted tliaoly luwcf HopBlttors m m n O D Bittr. K Hfco yon tfy d. i. e. tt aa abaolut and Irre&inta bVa e u r for druDknn a , um of opium, tobacco. oi vr wrtnarw om plaint, dlaoai of th ttomuuh, liul lll.aif lllW oriMTVM i To will b cured if you uae Hop Bitter AVCOUOk If you at lim ply w a k and lowiptntcd, try in ft maty Bold t)T rfrnv. riftta. baud fur Circular. bop snrus ' ' CO., BMtottr, B. Y ft ToraU, Oat. The Philadelphia Weekly Presa. By a favorable arraugement with the publishers of The Press we are en abled to send The rhiladelvhla. Week ly Press aud Tub Advocatk for one year for $2.60, all postage paid. Vl-iM" 1 I I'Tl Nil M NEVER I I fail; I If. It has aved hun- ESTRAY. Came to the premise of P. V Hays, in Vox Township, Klk Co. Tit on or about the 4th day of October 8N1, a black cow mixed with white, ami supposed to be about 12 years old. Tlieowner Is requested tocome forward aud prove property, or she will be dis posed of according to law. 1'. W. Hays. Kersey, Nov. 0, 1B1. mm 2 CPE us assail silMSSfiil 2f friSl St5 wi"4lig!if (SPSS STOVE SIGN No. 42 Main St. A FULL LINE BUILD ERS' HARDWARE, STOVES AND House-Furnishing GOODS At POPULAR PRICES. W. S. Service, Agt. C A SCHOOL CARD 8. SCRAP PICTURES. Autogr a p h A Jj I? U M S AT THE ADVOCATE OFFICE. The Grand Central Powell & Kimes are Headquarters for Blankets, lied Comfortres, Cotton Balls, Shirt ing aud Prints, the best five cent print in town. No one can be healthy with a torpid liver aud constipation. Take Manalln. Peruna la a wonder In Itself. It cures the most hopeless cases of con sumption. THE ELK CO. ADVOCATE DEVOTED TO THE INTEREST OF THE PEOPLE OF ELK COUNTY. Having an extended circulation it is the best advertising medium. THE OLDEST PAPER IN THE COUNTY. ESTABLISHED in 1850. TERMS, - ::$2 A YEAR, :o:- JOB DEPARTMENT. Wtfprint Note-heads, Bill-heads. Letter-heads. Envelopes, Cards, Tags. Cheaper than the cheapest, and on shortest notice. Orders by mail promply attended to. Address, Henr" A. Parsons, Jr. Ridgway ra. The Sun. NEW YORK, 1882. The Bun for 1882 will make It fift eenth annual revolution under the present management, shining, as always, for all big and little, mean and gracious, contented and uubappy, Rep ublican and Democratic, depraved aud vituous, intelligent and obtuse. Tmk Sum's light is for mankind And womankind of every sort; but Its genial warmth is for the good, while it pours hot discomfort on the blistering backs of the persistently wicked. The Sun of 1868 was a newspaper of a new kind. It discarded many of. the forms, and a multitude of thesuer fluous words and phrases of anelent Journalism. It undertook to report In a fresh, succinct, unconventional way all the news of the world, omitting no event of human interest, and commen ting upon affairs with the fearlessness of absolute Independence. The suc cess of this experiment was the success of TitK Hun. It effected a permanent change in the style of American news papers. Every important Jourunl cut ablished in this country in the d07.cn years past has been modelled after Tiik Sun. Every Important Journal already existing has been modified and bettered by the force of Thr Sun's example. The Sun of 1882 will be the same outspoken, trutbtclling, uud interest ing newspaper. Uy a liberal use of the means which an abundant prosperity affords, we shall make it better than ever before. We shall print all the news, putting It Into readable shape, and measuring its importance, not by the traditional yardstick, hut by its real Interest to the people. Distance from Printing House Square Is not the first consideration with The Sun. Whenever anything happens worth reporting we get the particulars, whether it happens In Brooklyn or in Bokhara. In politics we havedecided opinions; and are accustomed to expresstliem in language that can be understood. We say what we think about men and events. That habit is the only secret of The Sun's political course. The Weekly Sun gathers Into eight pages the best matter of the seven dally Issues. An Agricultural Department of of unequalled merii, full market rejiorts. and a liberal propor tion cf litarary, scientific, aud donatio intelligence complete The Weekly Hun, and make it the best newspaper for the farmer's household that was ever printed. Who does not read and like The Sunday Sun, each number of which is a Ooleomla of interesting literature, with the best poetry of the day, prose every line worth reading, news, humor matter enough to fill a good sized book, and infinitely more varied and entertauing than any book, big or lit tle? If our Idea of what a newspaper should be pleases you, send for The Sun. Our terms arc as follows: For the daily Sun, a four page sheet of twenty-eight columns, the price by mail, ost paid, is 53 cents a month, or Sti.SO a year; or.including the Sunday paper, nn eight-page sheet of fifty-six columns, the price is 65 cents per month, or, $7.70 a year, postage paid. The Sunday edition of The Sun Is also furnished separately at $1.SM u year, postage paid. The price of the Weekly Sun, eight pages, fifty-six columns, is $1 a year, postage paid. For clubs of ten sending (IU we will send nn extra copy free. Address I. W. ENGLAND, Publisher of The Sun, New York City. Ayer's Hair Via or. fOa RESTORING CRAY HAIR TO ITS NATURAL VITALITY AND COLOR. It is a mint agreeable dressing, which Is at once h:iriulus an.l effectual, for pre- Tviug the hair. It restore, with the ploM and freslinois of youth, faded or gray, light, and red hair, to a rich brown, or deep black, as may be desired. Uy its use thin hair is thickened, and baldness often though not always cured. It checks falling of the hair Immediately, and causes a new growth in all eases where the glands are not decayed; while to brashy, weak, or otherwise diseased hair, it imparts vitality and strength, and renders it pliable. The Vmon cleanses the scalp, cures ant prevents the formation of dandruff; and. by its cooling, stimulating, and soothing properties, it heals most if not all of tlio humors and diseases peculiar to the teidp, keeping it cool, clean, aud soft, under which conditions diseases of tho scalp and hair are impossible. As a Dressing for Ladies' Hair, The Vionii is incomparable. It is color less, contains neither oil nor dye, and will not soil white cambric. It imparts an agreeable and lasting perfume, and as an article for the toilet it is economical and unsurpassed in its excellence. pripakeu r Dr. J. C. AER & CO., lowuD, Mass., Prawtlaal and Analytical ChemUU. Of.n BT ALL PUUQGIST9 EVEItrWTUtRS. Marble and slate mantles fur nished aud set by W. S. Service, Agt. 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