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r( Hl HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL, DESPERANDUM. Two Dollars per Annum. VOL. XI. NO. 44. RIDGWAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., THUKSDAY, DECEMBEB 22. 1881. ;'r"' 7 rn r V The Christmas lime. Blow I winds of winter 1 blow I Stretch forth your viewless hands And waiter, every living thing Through all these frozen lands t The branches of the gnarled oak, The hemlock's swaying limb, All trees and shrubs, wake these to Join In one harmonious hymn ( For is not this the Christmas time, The loving, hopeful Christmas time, Long waited for, with faith sublime I Fall fast I Oh, fleecy enow I Thy ministry is good ; The earth our greater human needs Has little understood. With thy deft fingers woave A robe, of faultless seam, And white, as angel-vestments are, Of which tho poets dream For lo ! tho earth receives King, And thou, Oh, snow 1 a robe ehalt bring To grnce tho happy welcoming. Fly swifter 1 Oh, ye clouds I Through all the realms of air ; Chase day and night the world around, And tell it everywhere To peopltB, lands a Christ is born For ovory race and creed A living, sympathizing soul, Tho very Christ they need j That this is now the Christmas time, The loving, hopeful Christmas time, When wont is tin and greed a crime. C ?at (tint I Oh, tLrobbing heart I And yield I Oh, stubborn will 1 In Code good timo, Ho came at last, J.ovc'a mission to fulfill He enme, with pleasant words and way.", Tho world's llcdeemcr, guest ; Oave nianua to the hungry soul, And to tho weary, rest Gavo to tho world such hopes and cheer As prophet tones or lips of seer Could never breathe in human ear. Vain is your task, Oh, winds 1 And yours, Oh, fleecy snow 1 In vain tho swift-winged clouds Upon their mission go ; In vain, Oh, throbbing heart 1 Is prayer, or song, or creed, Unblcst by love's Bwcet ministry Here find the Christ you need. By this sweet grace, and this alone, His praise shall spread from zone to zone, 'Till all the earth His sway shall own, Ira E. Sherman. THE DEACON'S CHRISTMAS. Cui'ftmas day dawned bright and fair ui d rol l. All ilie liiiJs around the little country villi :(. of Lunboriiton were white with Miovv. The rouds were trodden hard, and t':o prosj eet for line hleigbing un der tii;: light of a nearly full moon never was bi-tter. Dia'"on Haines1 wife Mghcd as she put back the curtain from the bedroom window that morning and looked ou. Five years ago, that very day, the great sorrow of her life had come to her. How well she remembered that fateful morning, when, though the eun phone gloriously, and the heavens were blue and ciiudle.'-s, all the life and joy went ont of her life and left the world a blank of gloom, almost of despair. Twenty-four years she had been John Urines' wile, and in all these years bho had never repented of her choic-T There had been many times when tlio man's hard nature had wouueted Ler sensitive spirit, but she trusted r.ll things to heaven and uttered no complaint. J a t, upright in his dealings, eacon Huilos was a man who never erred in his own judgment ; and mercy was a word unknown in his vocabulary. If jooplo would live as they ought to and us they might, ho was wont to say sternly, they wonld not need to be for ever crying for forgiveness. If the deacon's right hand had offended him ho would have cut it off, thus obeying the Scripture literally, lie was religious to a fault, for there is such a thing as carrying even one's piety too far, until it becomes a curse instead of a blessing. In the simple fa.il li ot an obedient soul there is peace aud rett, bat in the bigoted fanaticism of n Fclf-righteous man well never mind the lust, I am writing a story and not a serine n. . Dncon Haines had only one child a beautiful, fair-haired, blue-eyed girl, and in his stern, ascetio way, he idol iz d this girl. When she was eighteen years of age she fell in love with Royal Clayton. When the news of this reached the deacon his rage was terrible. He struck his foot upon the floor and rued with what was almost an oath, that if ever she spoke to him again he would disown her forever. Emma had something of hor father's own spirit, and the loved Koyal with all the strength of her fond young heart, and she told the deacon without hesitation that she would follow love instead of duly. Five years before, on that Christmas day, Einnia had left her home without the knowledge of her parents, and be cumo the wi:'e of tho man she loved. Immediately after the ceremony the young couple had taken the cars for tho West, and only once had any tidings of them reached Lanbornton. A letter cacao to the deacon in Emma's hand writing, but the inflexible old man had brought it himself from the postoflioe, and in the jjjscnce of his wife had laid it unopened upon the fire and watched it shrink to ashes. He had no child, he said, sternly he would hold no communication with one who was none ot his. Emma's name was forbidden to be mentioned in the household. A servant-girl who inadvertently referred to Miss Emma in the deacon's hearing was at once dismissed, and poor Mrs. Haines, having once been betrayed into a burst of tears by coming suddenly upon some article of clothing which baa been last worn Dy Her child, re ceived tuck a dreadful admonition that she did not get over trembling for a week. Mr?. Haines was one of those gentle, clinging creature s, who ought to be loved and cherished by some true, ten der heart, but who usually fall to the mercies of just such iron-natured men as Deacon Haiues. It is a law of nature, I suppose, and who shall again say it ? She submitted to him in every thing, and would no more have thought of disputing the right of the wind to blow in a northeast snowstorm? But nights, very often, when tho dea con was fast asleep, she would Bteal softly up to the chamber which had been Emma's, and there upou tho cold pillows last presRed by the head of her darling would she weep away the sore ness of her heart. She hoped always that some letter or message might come to her ; she would risk the deacon's anger, and write just one little word of love to her daughter ; but she hoped in vain. No tidings ever came. Days and weeks and months passed by, as (Oh I Heaven, be pitiful I) they will drag by, whether wo soar to heights of ecstasy or sink into depths of despair as they have dragged on ever since creation ; as they will go on forover I This beautiful Christmas morning Mrs. Haines went about her plum pud ding an her chicken pio and her spongecake nnd tther dainties with a heavy heart. She never dreamed of omitting a single item in tho Christmas bill of fare, for tho deacon was a me thodical man, and if there had been so much as a dih of preserves missing he would have demanded the reason of it. He would have looked upon it as a crying sin against the faith of his forefathers if Christmas had not been kept in the way he had kept it from his youth up. So, though the mother's heart was full of sorrow and heaviness, she re membered tho exact quantity of spice to be put in the mince meat for the pies, she kept in mind just how much short ening must go into the crust for the chicken pie, und t-lio trussed thefat tur key, and filled h,m full with stuffing, and watched him while he was roasting, just as solicitously as if she was not ready to sink down and weep her life away for her lost child. By 4 o'clock in the afternoon every thing was ready. Dinner smoked on the table, and filled tho great kitchen, when tho table was set out with a savory smell. The weather had changed suddenly, and heavy storm clouds drifted across the sky, driven by the fierce wind, and the distant hill-tops were wrapped in mists of snow. Lanbornton was near the sea, and the low beat cf the waves on the broken beach came ever and anon to the ear in a wail of despair. Mrs. Haines lighted the candles in the tall silver candlosticks,and set them on the table. TLo voico in whiel1 she called her husband to dinner trembled; she was wondering if Emma bad a Christmas dinner that day, or if indeed she was still uiive und a dweller in a land where Christmas was remem bered. The deacon sat down at the table, put his steel-rimmed spectacles on his nose, and opened the large Bible which lay beside his plate. It was always his custom to read tho fm,t passage on which his eye rested, and on this occa sion he read aloud. "For if ye forgive men their tres passes, your Hearc-nly Father will also forgive you; but if ye forgivo not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your tiespasses." There was no softening of the stern voice as he read the beautiful words; no tenderness of feeling crept over his luce at the thought of the loving Christ who uttered them. But Mrs. Haines' eyes ran over, and she bowed her hoad upon her hands. "Oh, John," sho cried, "think of Emma I five years ago to-day since she went forth blighted by a father's curse and heaven only knows if she is itill among the living I Ob, my child! my child !" The deacon rose slowy from his seat, his face pale as death, his long right arm extended solemnly to heaven. " Martha," said ho, deliberately, "if you were not my wife I would tura you trom my door. Such passages of Scripture as these have no reference to wicked and disobedient children who persist in going to ruin in spite of counsel and admonition from their legal guardians 1" There was a faint moaning sound at the door, and the quick ear of Mrs. Haines caught it at once. So did the old house dog, for he leaped from his warm corner by the fire and sprang to the door with a cry of welcome. The deacon took a step forward, but his wife was before him. Perhaps some subtle prescience helped to prepare her for what she was to see, for she did not cry out cr faint at the sight. Across the doorstep lay the still fig ure of a woman, holding in her arms a little child. The snow was drifting over them both, but the light from the blazing hearth shone out broad and red, and tinged with roseate bloom the wan, white face of Emma Clayton. Mrs. Haines was a slender little woman, but she never felt the weight cf her unconscious daughter as, lifting her into her arms, she bore . her into the warm kitchen and laid hor on the lounge. Livid with rage, the deacon strode to ward his wife and laid a rough hand on the shoulder of the unconscious girl. Rut for once Mrs. Haines did not shrink from her husband in his rage. "John," she said, firmly, "she is my child ; I will do a mother's duty to her!" " She is no child ot mine !" said the deacon, fiercely ; "she chose her path in life, let her walk therein I" And he laid his hand on the girl and wonld have dragged her to the door, but Mrs. Haines stepped before him, Her face was white as death, and every vein stood out like cords upon her forehead. " Deacon Haines," said she, " do this tiling, and though you were thrice my husband I will not remain under your roof another moment after she is thrust out I and may God judge between us I" Just then, while the deacon, para lyzed wit a amazement, stood motionless before his wife, the little child crept to his side and put two warm, soft hands around his fingers. The Eweet, grieved face, with the soft, blue ejes lifted to bis stern countenance, might have melted anything but a strong human neart. - "Grandpapa," said sho, "please don't hurt poor mamma I Sie is Mck, and she has come so far in the cold !" "Grandpapa !" the word ho had never expeoted to hear addressed to himself. His memory went back over half a oentury and more to the gray-haired man he had called grandpapa the man who was always kind to him, who petted him and made him whistles and wooden horBes, and told him quaint stories of old, old times when tho country was new, and bears and Indians plenty as blackberries. He remembered when he stood beside that kind old man's deathbed, and felt the withered, trembling hand, cold with the dews Of death upon his forehead he remem bered the grieving tones of the failing voico which said : "God's blessing upon you, John I and when you, too, lie down to dio, may your grandchildren stand around your bed, and comfort you in your last Lours I " This aged man had died and gone to heaven. The deacon shrank from tho inspec tion. For one moment, with that child's clear eyes upon him, ho saw himself as he was a hard unyielding, unmerciful man dead in tresspasses and sin. He sank down on his knees and buried his face in tho clustering golden hair of his wondering grand child. "Martha!" he cried, bitterly, "I have sinned and fallen far short I Do as you will and may God show me the mercy I have never shown to niy fellow !" Emma Clayton lived, though Bhe was never very strong but never was daughter loved and cared for by a father as she was. And little Annio was in sore danger of being spoiled by the indulgence of her grandfather. Everybody noticed the great change in tho deacon he grew humble and forgiving, and his prayers in the public meetings were no longer full of vin dictive threatenings hurled at the sin ner, but were rich in mild persuasions and gentle intimations to try the good ness of God. Royal Clayton was dead ; and Emma lived always with her father. Every thing was forgiven everything forgot ten except the love which united the family ever after in a bond of unbroken peace. Deaduian's Land. A writer connected with one of the Arctic exploring expeditions says : While tramping around beyond Green Harbor, near where I found thecanpori ball s'tones of such peculiar formation. I came upon several wrecked anl rifled graves. The men must have been buried before the frost was out of the ground, for the coffins were not covered, but seemed to have been put into a slight depression scratched in the clay. The coffins had partially rotted away and broken, and the grinning skulls and bleached bones were strewn about in horrid disorder, indicating that the fox and bear had disturbed their rest. I speut some timo in gathering the bones of those poor fellows into their original ret-ting-place and covering them up with rocks and sods of moss. No history of these lonesome graves could be gleaned, but it is likely that they were those of Norse or Russian victims of the Ecarvy. It is possib'e that tney fell in some of those bloody lights, gossips of which are still cur rent among the fishermen and hunters of Northern Europe. Tho tradition runs that more than two hundred years ago the Dutch and Russians, who came hero to harpoon whales, divided their time in bloody combatB in which no quarter was given. Tho whale fisheries were then very valua ble and worth fighting about, so every ship sent out was fitted for offense and defense. Some attempts at coloniza tion were stamped out in consequence of this feud. If a colony of Russians managed to survive tho scurvy for a winter and a Dutch ship arrived fresh from the south in the springihe colony was sure to be obliterated, and the Rus sians treated the Dutch with the same kind consideration when they arrived first. The finding of unknown graves is quite common on the shores of all the bays and fiords of Spitsbergen. This dreary, inhospitable place might fittingly bswcalled Deadmau's Land, a name given to a small spot just outsido of Green Harbor in Ice Fiord, Struck by a Waterspout. One morning recently the spick-and-span new brig Moses Knowlton, of Baltimore, found herself in Caribbean waters, about half way between Trini dad and Morant Cay. It was squally and the cantain. A. H. Tnm'n nr,l his crew of five men to rem'ain on deck. About the middle of tho morning, while the Knnwltnn wm ninnin " tuu.u uc the wind, sho was suddenly struck by a waterspout, iaer oows were luted a creat distance, anil her . .loot a n,va swept and overswept by seething white niitcnt aucu mo n mil huu water seemeu t m'nl.- fliA 1-ii'ify mi lwulilv In 4ln howling of the tempest Turpie shouted a uuuiumuu lur um men to leap over hoard. Thpv hpnnl ami nliAvol nartti struggling to reach some such object as . i. a. ii i i i i a i-num uux ur guiiey-iop iiiut nau ueeu Vlll infrt tlio Baa of. fha fivaf c4-s1-A v '-' - DV.W V wuv Uiau DllVliCi A few moments after the Knowlton was deserted sne was picked up and turned completely over, her masts pointing ciownwara ana ner Kneel Deing abov the surface. The waterspout and ac companying tornado passed swiftly away. It was then discovered that Charles MoLeod, sailor,, had. been rirownftil. CAntnin Tnrnia AimntaA .ia efforts toward getting the nearest of the smau ooats, wmcn was lasned to the davits twelve feet under water. He swam down, knife in hsnd, and desper ately strove to out the ropes. Three attempts were made, and after a long struggle the bout was released from its fastenings and hauled to the surface. The survivors pulled off from the wreck to remain three davs iu an nncn lmt without f oodjor water, and to be rescued in the midst of great suffering by the Jjritisn bark Elsio. FOBTY'SETESTH CONUBESS. Heaatn, Mr. Edmnnds introduced a bill for defravins the extraordinary liabilities and expenses in curred in consequence of tho assault upon the late President of the United States. . . .Mr. Rol lins introduced a bill for tho increase of facili ties for the Just adjudication of pension claims. .air. uiair sunmiuoa ana asked present consideration of a resolution instruct ing tlis committee on education and labor to In quire into the condition of common school education in the United States, and report thereon, and also as to what measures, in the opinion of the committee, Congress can law fully and properly enact in am or suoh educa tion. Adopted.... Mr. Hill, from the com mutes on privileges and elections, reported back certain memorials from mem bers of the how York legislature affecting the rieht of Messrs. Miller and Iuham to occupy eata in the Senato, and asked that thov be tabled and the committee discharged from their further consideration. Ho stated briefly that the oommittee did not think any ono nor all of the five reasons alleged by the memorial ists as invalidating tuo election were sumcient to justify further intervention, or did in fact invalidate it. ...The tariff commission bill was then taken up and Mosjis. Garland and Beck denounced and Mr. Morrill defouded the present tariff. On motion of Mr. Morrill tho bills on the subject were then referred to the commit tee on finance. Mr. Vest presented a bill to incorporate tho Intoroceanio Ship Railway company, and for Mher purposes.... Mr. Logan, from the com- mittoo on military aflairs, reported with amend ments the bin to place uencral Urant on the army retired liat. Placed on the calendar. Mr. Maxey, of the committee, said the roport Just maue was not unanimous, ana ne would mul cnto his objections at the croner time Mr. Fdmnnds submitted a resolution requiring tho President, if in hia opinion not incompatible with the pulilie interest, to communicate to the Senate all the correspondence between the government or tne united states ana its diplO' raatio agents in Pern and Chili respective ly, occurring sinse the 1st of April, 1879, touching publio affairs in or betwocn those States, and also such correspondence on the subject as may -bo in possession of the depart ment or state. Agreed to witnout dissent Sir. iioar ottered a resolution, which was a-loptod, instructing the committee on military aitairs to inquire wnat legislation, if any, is needed to enable the widows and heirs of de ceased soldiers to receive the benefits of botin i s to said soldiers while living, and remaining nupata at tne time or tneir decease Mr. Pendleton s bul to regulate and improve tne civil service came up. in a speech Mr. Pendleton urged the necessity and possibihtv or civil ser vice reform. Messrs. Dawes and Hill also epoko upon the bill, which was finally laid on tne table tor tne time being. Mr. Jones, of Honda, oflered a resolution to- questing the secretary of war to communicato information or evidence on filo in the war oltice relating to tho construction of a ship cnnai across tne peninsuiaor Honda, including estimates or the cost of tho work and the sur veys made by the United States with a viow to tun contraction ol such canaL .Laid over and ordered printed.... The resolution of Mr. Hoar, for a select committco on tho rights of women. ns taKen up. Mr. vest, ot Missouri, said lio could see no nocessity for a com mittee on the subject and regarded tho resolution as a step toward the re cognition of woman suffrage, to which he was opposed on principlo. Action on the reso lution "was deterred.... The subject of the presidential snw-veion in the event of the re moval by doixth, reoignation or inability of both the President and Vico-Presideut was consid ered, the, resolutions introduced by Mr. Beck, of Kentucky, and Mr. Maxoy, of Texas, and the bill of Mr. Garland, of Arkansas, being before tho Senate for discussion. Tho matter was Jo inted without action by Messrs. Deck, Maxe end Anthony. Petitions "were presented by Messrs. Sher man and Ferry for a regulation of in Urea l transportation routes, and by Messrs. Plumb and Mitchell for tho abolition of taxes on bank deposits and checks.... Mr. Sherman, from the committee on finance, reportod favorably, with amendments, the bill to provido for thci'seue of three per cent bonus, lio gave notice ne would ask its consideration immediately after the holidays. The bill was placed on the calendar. ....Mr. McPherson submittod a resolution ro ferring to tho committee on naval affairs the President's recommendations iu favor of a thorough rehabilitation of the navy. Adopted. ....Mr. Ingalls submittod a resolution in structing the committee on pousions to inquire and roport what increase of pension, if any, should bo allowed tho widow ot Abraham Lin coln. Adopted Mr. Garland took part in the presidential succession debate, supporting )iis own bill against the bill introduced by Mr. Deck, of Kentucky. Mr. Coke, of Texas, and Mr. Jones, of Tlorida, also spoke on the iiniwtioii. The Voorhees resolution, referring to tho Dnanco oommittee the parts of the President's message relating to the repeal of the laws authorizing silver coining anu me lbsue oi sil ver certificates, was taken up, and Mr. Voor hees discussed the silver and greonback ques tion at length, charging that the recommenda tion of tho secretary of the treasury for the early retirement of the silver certificates waa an assault on the fiuiuioial stability of the country. House. On the first regular " bill day" in the IIoiiso a flood of bills poured in. Tho introduction of bills begau at half-past 13, and continued until the House adjourned, at S o'clock. During the fonr hours and a half thus occupied 754 bills and joint rosolutious were introduced. Only seventeen States wore called, beginning with Alabama and ending with Massachusetts. Had the remaining twenty-one been oallod, the number of bills would have doubtless gone be vond 1,500. The highest numbor ever intro duced in the Houso iu ono day was on the first bill day of the last Congress. The number then rcachod 1,3S5. But on that occasion all the States were called. Of the 751 bills and joint resolutions intro duced, 443 are private bills, 283 publio and 2o8 joint resolutions. Of tho private bills 207 are for pensions. The publio bills related to al most every conceivable subject of legislation, judging from the measures brought in by them. Mr. Phelps introduced bills to have the trade dollar made a legal tender, all ship ma terial admitted free of duty, and the bank chock tax repealed; Mr. Cook presented bills to have private claims adjudicated by the court of claiins; Mr. Marsh proposed bill to havo United States legal tender note subjected to State taxation; Mr. Thomas introduced a bill for tho equalization of bounties; Mr. Springer desires to have telograph lines appraised, and to collect information regarding postal telo graph systems; Mr. White handod in a bill to distribute $10,000,000 among Statos for educa tional purposes acoording to illiteracy; Mr. Mo Kcnzie, of Kentucky, wautod free salt; Mr. I'.llis, of Louisiana, desired to grant govern ment aid to steamship lines ; Mr. Knott, of Kentuoky, introduced a bill to remove the tax on tobacco; Mr. Gibson, of Louisiana, proposed bills to reduce the whisky tax to fifty cents per gallou, to remove the tax on bank checks and matches, and to iuiposo an income tax ; Mr. Henderson, of Illinois, sought the passage of what is known as the Adams' bill for the crea tion of a board of railroad commissioners. Many of these publio bills were on the files of the last Congress. The call of States for the presentation of bills was continued. Among bills presented were the following: By Mr. Robeson, to pro ride for tho safety of life ou railroads. By Mr. Hill, to reduce letter postugo to two cents. By Mr. Cox, of New York, to promote the efficiency of the life-saving sorvioe: also to rrrant pen sions to tho families of keepers and crews who lost their Uvea iu the life-saving aervioe; also making an apportionment of Representatives in Congress under ine tenth oensus; also in rela tion to the Japanese indemnity fund; also making the trade dollar a legal teuder; alio a resolution requesting the President to com municate to this house all correspondence with the British government on file in the state de partment with reference to the arrest and ini nrisonmeut of American oitizene in Ireland. By Mr. Hewitt, to secure a uniform standard of vaiuo. ay air. nuuiuson, to reduce letter po-i-sge to one cent after July , 1882. By Mr. Xownsend, appropriating $50,000 for the relief of the widow oi me late President uarneld. By Mr. Randall, to redeem and rofund portions of tho bonded debt of the United States..., Mr. Dibblo announced the death of his prede cessor, tho late M. P. O'Connor. Tho usual resolutions of rogrot wero adoptod, and the houso at 6:15, out ot respect to mo memory vi tho deceased man, adjourned until Monday. Old Time Congressional Perquisites. The Washington correspondent of the Louisville Courier Journal, discussing the impropriations for contingent ex penses, writes that the first appropria tion was an item in the appropriation act passed in September, 1789. The accounts of contingent expenses of the Senate, commencing as early as liav, contain many items which show that Senators in those days, as well as now, liked their perquisites. In the early days of the republic, Senators the very fathers of the country subscribed for manv naners, and the subscription prices thereof were paid out of the con? tingent fund. Stationery they put their hands apon without limit. They used larcre Quantities of English gut-edged paper at 89 and $10 per ream. Not only did they take stationery, but the records snow tnat our reverea lore futhers were as agile as their descend ants in evervthine that was " contin Kent." Penknives in those days were bought by the dozen, and so were silver pencil cases, seals, memorandums and wafer boxes. When a committee of Congress called upon the President of tho United States, its hack hire was paid from the contingent fund. The congressional funeral was a nice little jaunt nobody can Bay that such is not tho case now. Hundreds of yards of black crape and of white sar cenet were used in making mouruing scarfs, and gloves wore supplied. Some preferred white kid. while others were more practical, and with an eye to the future utility of the funeral hand covering, took beaver and buckskin gloves. Francis Maloone, of Ithode Island died in 1809. His remains were interred in the Congressional cemetery. Among the items of expenses for his funeral were tho following : Sixteen pound of crackers, $3 ; eleven and a quarter pounds of cheese, $2.81. Tho committe to audit tho expenses of the Senate evidently thought that though their brothern seemed to be on pleasure bent, they should have tho accompani ment of a frugal meal. Therefore they economically ordered that pay ment be made for the crackers, but re jected the claim for the cheese. This same committee also had presented to it the following voucher : Seven gallons beet Madeira wine J2S 00 Four gallons Cognac brandy H 60 Twelve pounds almonds 4 80 Ten pounds ot raisins u ho Total tlli 00 The committee, after cogitating the matter, camo to the conclusion, per haps, that the partakers of these lux uries Lad had almost too good a timo of it, and eo they only allowed "for four gallons of wine and three quarts of brandy, $22." At tho same time, however, tney passed anotuer voucher " for fourteen pounds of cake, $7," and " twelve pounds of crackers at SI. 50." The following is in the account of the benate contingent expenses for 1809: Thirty-four gallons syrup, S103: fif teen gallons syrup, Sifi; fifteen gallons syrup $1G; fifteen gallons syrup, 40, thirty-five gallons syrup, S1G; fifteen gallons syrup, 19; total, S333. What this syrup was does not appear. There is a tradition among the older olhcers of the Senate that it was used in the con coction of a beverago known as "switch- el." This is corroborated by a voucher passed for two-quart decanters, evi dently to hold the syrup. The items for beverages of ditter.nt kinds scat tered over the books of accounts for contingent expenses ere curious, and in the nineteenth Congress lure is cne of $123.37 for "soda water and srup." Umbrellas, congress water, engraved seals, pearl nail knives and toilet sets wero then secured by Senators out of the contingent expenses. L'heninir Gum. Forty thousand dollars worth of chew ing gum is gathered in the State of Maine every year. Jn Oxford county is a man who makes it his business to collect spruce gum. Every year he buys from seven to nine tons. The gum is found chiefly in the region about Umbagog lake and about the Rangely lakes. A number of men do nothing else in tho winter season ex cept collect gum. With snowshoes, ax and a eneooygan, on wnicli is packed the gum, they spend days and nights in the wood. The clear, pure lumps of gum are sold in their native state, tho best bringing 1 per pound Gum not immediately merchantable is refined by a peculiar process, fcieve liko boxes are covered with spruce boughs, on which is placed tho gum Steam is introduced underneath. The gnni is melted, is strained by tho boughs, and then passes into warm water, whero it is kept from hardening until the packer takes it out, draws it into sticks, and wraps it in tissue paper, when it is ready for narket. The gum meets with a ready sale. There is not a village, town or city in Maine whero it is not in demand. One dealer last year sold 81,400 worth. In the larpo mill cities gum hasa free pale. In Biddeford, Lewiston, Lawrence and Lowell the factory girls consume large quantities, li is said that in the lum ber camps tho gum is used as a means of extending "hospitality. After meal time tho host fills his own black clay pipe ana nanas ic to his guest. .Later, clear lumps of spruce gum are placed before the visitor, and lie is asked to take a chew. Maine produces $40,000 of gum ia a year, some of which tads its way to this market, from which it U distributed to the various outlying fac tory villages, where, as Btated before, it in in good demand. Spruce gum is adul terated, and those who adulterate take the trouble to fashion the pieces of gum to appear like those taken in a pure state from the trees. The ingredient cf adulteration is supposed to be the gum of the pine tree. Iowa la'st year dug 8,600,000 t ns of coal, worth $7,000,000 on the demps.. Jt has 550 mines in operation, employing 6,176 men. FOR THE I, DIES, Winter Ilonnet. Small bonnets made entirely of feathers arc anion? the recent imporfn tions, and are offered in lien of ihe feather turbans which havo already be come so familiar, and are copied in such coatso fenthers that they are losing favor. These bonnets are made of breast feathers laid close over the entire frame of small capote shapes, and have for trimming a bird perched on one side, or else two heads are crossed nar the top. The lining of the brim shows in the front and is made of glace plush that combines the colors in the feathers, and the strings are of changeable plush ribbon to match. These bonnets are very handsome in blue-green impion feathers; and iu the brown and red mixed pheasant feathers they are also useful, as they are appropriate with suits of any of the varions colors t that appear in the feathors, as well as 'with black costumes. Red bonnets are the favorite of the winter. The tasto for the gay red plumes that were seen on so many round hats at the summer resorts has increased until entire bonnets or great round hats of this single color, through various fchados, from shrimp pink to garnet, are seen. There are street hats for morning of red felt and beaver, and the most dressy hat for receptions is of red plush with shrimp pink feathers. loung ladies cuoo.so for the street the tall crown and wido-brimmed Mother Shipton hats of dark garnet felt, or per haps with fur-beaver edges on the straight brim, though it is equally popu lar to have a puff of velvet or plush as a binding on the wide flat brim. A row of nodding ostrich feather tips in red shades is then sot around tho crown, and completes the hat. This hat is most picturesque when set straight on top of tho head, shading the forehead well in the way similar hats are worn by peasants, rather than iu tho Gains borough fashion, far back on the head to display the coiffure. For ladies who prefer bonnets, and for dressy receptions, there are the ew round crown pokes with brim oi ecting downward, made of red velvet or plush. There are always two kinds in such pokes a smooth fabric for the crown, and figured velvet or the new pomponetto plush for the brim. The smcoth material drawn over the crown in a single piece, instead of being cut to lit it, and the front is laid on in folds, wrinklos or plaits ; shirring is very little used iu this way at present. A single oht3tcr of ostrich tips on the left is n nigh trimming for such a bonnet, and suvngs may bo dispen led with. Small bf-nue's are pteferi'rd for iIicrr by ladies who adopt here tho prevail ing Parisian ttylo. Cream white aud shrimp pink are tho culors most u srd for these, and t lir materials of white bonnet are of remarkoble fine bpaded net snd luce, with white pearl or irides cent beids in Spanish designs. This lace is laid over satin, and droops over tho coronet front, leaving the scallops to rest cn the hair in a most becoming way. Three comb-like curves of beads are" on the crown, and the only trim ming is the p".uache of white ostrich tips on the left side. White moire or plush strings. A shrimp pink plush similarly made has white Oriental )a?e for its trimmings. The favorite black bonnet that forms a part of almost every lady's outfit is of plush this winter in preference to vel vet. ihe front of tho brim is of pom ponetto plush, or else of plain plush nearly concealed by the ostrich feathers that are laid close upon it. The crown is plainly covered, and is quite promi nent by reason of its height, and be cause it is left in relief by the trimming being placed far forward on the brim. Two or three rows of jot faceted beads are inside the brim, and the strings are moire or plush ribbon. For a more youthful black bonnet, tho Bolero bat is covered with black plush quite smoothly, aud feathers are the only trimmings. The inexpensive black hats for general wear that ladies are apt to arrange at home havo small crowns of black felt broad crowns belong to last year's bonnets with long napped brims in poke shape. A large bow of ribbon, either black or colored, is placed on the left side, and one or two domi long plumes, held by this bow, droop down the right side. The brim is left " raw" that is, not bound aud a facing of plush is iuside, beginning two inches from the edge, and under this is a wire to keep the brim in shapo. The strings match the bow of nbbon on tho out side. Bazar. Fashion Pnncles. Muffs are worn very small. Fur-lined wraps are in demand. Plush in fancy colors is made into evening bonnets. Handsome wraps are edged with beaded plush baudp. Copper, brickdust and tern cotta aro the fashionable colors. (Jioaks aro worn longer this season than for some time past. Grecian bands for the hair are made of silver inlaid with mock gems. Watered silks are more in demand than they have bctm for some years. Plushes and velvets, plain and era bojsod, are U68d for trimmings of satin Surah and for wool stnlls. While bead passementeries are on the wane as fashionable trimmings, black jet is more worn than ever. Earrings, except where brilliant soli taires or other gems are to be exhibited, are less worn than ever before. The largest cotton producer in the world is Mr. Hi. Kichardson, of Missis sippi. He hits 52,000 acres of land, and raised last season 12,000 bales of cotton. He expresses tho oil from his cotton seed, obtaining thirty-five cab Ions from a ton worth $12.25, while tho cake sells at from $0 to (7 per ton. Marwood, the new English hangman baa invented an ingenious slip noose, mat nas been adopted by his govern ment, which is making nooses after Mar ff cod s design and sending to vari oui parts ot the world where there is ' possible demand for them. WISE WORDS, Strontr language utterly fails to bolster a weak argument. When you face a difficulty never let It stare you out of countenance. No principlo is more noble, os mere is nono more holy, than that oi wuo obedience. Tipflerit nnon vour present blessings, of which every man has many ; not on your past misfortunes, of which all men have some. Oarner up pleasant thoughts in your mind, for pleasant thoughts make pleas ant lives. No man was born wise ; but wisdom and virtue require a tutor, though we can easily learn to be vicious without a teacher. Earnestness is the path to immor tality, thoughtlessness tho path to death. Those who are in earnest do not die ; those who are thoughtless are as if dead already. There is no truth that our young men have to learn more important than this that to admire that which is right is one thing, but to do what is right is another. The best people need afflictions for trial of their virtue. How can we ex ercise the grace of contentment if all things succeed well ; or that of for giveness, if we have no enemies ? Mutual affection and respect and con genial tastes always have been and alwavs must be the true basis of con jugal happiness, whatever the- views of philosophtrs and theorists to the con trary. Tho Wine Tress In Hungary. I had had dim ideas of snowy gar ments dyed purple with the juice of grapes, and the delicate feet of girls treading the luscious fruit under tho shade cf vine-clad trellises in the open air. In my imagination thore were fountains of pure water washing away all stains and impurities, and long pro cessions of men and maidens bearing tho fruit on their heads, all decked with flowers, and singing aud dancing to tho sound of harps and flutes. Had I not seen pictures to that effect, read pootieal descriptions of it, aid had I not always been encourage. 1 by my childhood's instructors in this delusion ? And now, behold, there wero not any snowy garments nt all; tho Hungarians had on coarse shirts and loose drawers tucked above tho knee, and I came to tho conclusion that they Lad never seen anv fountains of pure water, ana wouldn't have known the uae of them if they had. For there was a kind of grim ness about them, burued in by the tun, which1 seemed to indicate tlita they never washed either themselves or their lothes. In fact, they had a lino con tempt for the ordinary rules of cleanli ness. One blacK-eyed, vnrpie-ipggca ellow, with the grape juice j ist drying on his bare feet, seized a basket, and ran off down the steps aud into tho ineyard, and presently rc'mniug v i:li load of the frait, shot it into the nrei s, and, with all the dust and dirt of the road still clinging to. his feet, mounted, and began to tread the grapes, and soon stood almost knee-deep in the liquor, which, having served him as a sort of foot-bath, was to bo thedriiiK.pcrnaps.of future generations of refined, fastidious palates Having seen this I becamo melancholy, and prefeired to leave the rett of the manipulations of earths choicest nectar !iu obscurity. London gosy. Firewood. Wood seasons much more rapidly when split, therefore it is economy not only to fell and haul wood for fuel from the lot before stormy weather and heavv roads are at hand, but to cut it in shape for stove and fireplace at the same time. Wet, sppy wood is not only wasteful, but it is sure of vexation and discomfort. In the burning of dry wood the heat is nearly all of it avail able, while from one-half to two-thirds of the heat produced during the con sumption of green wood escapes latent and useless m the evaporating sap and water. In selecting wood for fuel it becomes a matter of economy to take for fire wood such sorts only Ts will do best service in range and stove, leaving behind for rails, timber and fence posts the varieties which, while possessing littlo value as regards their heating qualities, 6tand in the foremost rank for durability under exposure to the weather, other things being equal. Shell-bark hickory ii regarded as repre tonting the highest standard among ferest trees for fuel, aud calling that 100, other trees will compare with it for real valao as fuel as follows : Hhell- bark hiekorv, 100; pig-nut hickory, t)3: white ash, 87; white oak, 83; dogwood, 75; scrub oak, 73; white hazel, 72; apple tree, 70; red oak, 07; white beach, black birch, bl; yellow oak, CO; hard maple, 59; white elm, 53; red cedar, Db; wild cherry, 55; yellow pine, 51; chestnut, 52; yellow popular, 44;" butternut and white birch, 43, aud white pine, 30. Measuring Dreams, The longest dream, says the Medical Monthly, lasts less than tun minuter. A man fell asleep as the clock tolled twelve. He wakened ere the twelfth stroke died awav, having In the interval dreamed that he committed a crime was detected after five years, tried and condemned. Shock of finding the halter around his neck awoko him to consciousness, when he disco voted that all the events had happened iu an in finitesimal fragment of timo. Moham-' med, wishing to illustrate the wonders of sleep, told how a certain man, being a sheik, found himself, for his pride, a poor fisherman; that he lived for sixty years, bringing up a family and working hard; and upon waking up from his long dream, so short a time had ho been asleep that the, narrow necked gourd bottle, filled with water which he knew he overturned as ho foil 1 sleep had not had time in which to empty tself.