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-; i -' ' HENRY A. PARSONS, Jr., Editor and Publisher. NIL. DESPERANDUM. Two Dollars per Annum. VOL. XI. RIDGWAY, ELK COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 29. 1881. NO. 45. - My llenrt's Voice. To my heart's voice I liatonoil, listened, When life was bright ami hope was strong, When grief was short and joy was long, To my heart's voice t listened, listened, And lo I it was a song, A merry song. To my heart's voice 1 listened, listened, When gathering clouds o'orcast the sky, When joy was far and grief was nigh, "Xomy heart's voico I listened, listened, And lo 1 it was a sigh, A heavy sigh. To my heart's voice I listened, listened, When earthly pain knew heavenly balm, When trouhlo deep knew deeper calm, To my heart's voico I listened, listened, And lo 1 it was a psnlm, A boly psalm. A NEW YEAH CHOICE. One might think, who saw her life, that few people led a lonelier life thaa Nina Trcutice did. An orphan with narrow means, keeping up her dead father's house, there was little visible excitement in such an existence. Yet hers was a temperament that did not Tequire excitement, and that found hap piness where others would not dream of looking for it. Her garden and her flowers were like a household to her; the poor all over the little hill-town af forded Lcr occupation; she visited somewhat among a few wealthy ac quaintances; and, for the rest, if she Jhad such day dreams as other young girls aro wont to indulge, no one was any wiser for them. Nobody knew that her friend's father, the wealthy Mr. Barnes, had made her a standing offer .f marriage anytime within the last three years; nobody knew from her that Bryce Ilanscom went out to a Mexican ranch because she had no smiles to give him; nobody knew whether Harold Hartley's face ever glanced out of tho windows of her castles in the air; nobody knew whether one New Year's day she looked forward to the next with any wonder as to what it might bring her of sorrow or joy. She was so sweet, so silent, so gentle, that people in general knew no more of her emotions than of those of the statue of some saint in its churchly niche. Yet it was only on the last New Year's evening that, if any one had been able to look behind her curtains, they would have seen her on her knees before the low blaze of her fire, crying as if her heart would break, burying her face in her hands and longing for the night when ' ' this fever called living " should be over at last. " New Years and New Z ears I" she sobbed. "Ah! ho"v can I bear an other so alone 1" Perhaps Mrs. Hartley, her mother's old intimate, had some faint idea of the lire that burned under this crust of snow. But Mrs. Hartley was not en tirely impartiul in her judgment of the Rirl, and it was her morning and even ii g prayer that Nina should at some day Htaml iu a closer relation to her than i-he did at present, tut, an that would be impossible without her son Harold's intervention, she left no stone unturned to that end. Mrs. Hartley thought she knew a great deal better what was good for her son then he did; and when she had made up her mind t' at ho had better marry Nina Prentice, it was be cause she consulted his best welfare possibly without complete regard to Nina's. She knew that Harold, although so affectionate, was of a high temper; and that Nina had inexhaustible stores of still patience, and that that, still pa tience would await the time when he should come back to her, no longer the knight errant, spurred by a restless nature, but a quiet and dignified gentle man, ready to take his father's honored place in tho community. Her ap proaches in the question were exceed ingly gentle; yet not so gentle that they d d not put Harold on his guard, so that he was like the hinted doer, gnufling the gale afar off. " Well, mother, I thank goodness," he said, with a light laugh, on detect ing her meaning, "that we do not live in France, and that you can't go and in quire Nina's dot and settle the " "It's a very good dot, Haiold. Just a snug little income to keep the wolf from the door and satisfy reasonable wants; and it would be vastly better for any husband than launching out on the Ircmendcua fortune of Miss Barnes, with palaces, so to say, and yachts and racing horse?." " Just give mo the chance to see it if it is. Go to Miss Barnes, mother," cried Harold, oyly. "Ask the amount of her dot, and if your scapegrace of a son is worth it. Yachts and racing horses I I like the idea." ' Oh, Harold !" " But Miss Barnes is a beauty, too, mother, and very sweet and gay. The man that names her needn't marry for her money at all. She would have lov ers if she hadu't a penny in her own right. 'Don't ee marry fur money, but go wheor money be,' " quoted Harold. "Excellent advice, that old northern farmer's. An I'll go 'where money be to-night," as he drew on his gloves. ' Don't talk so, Harold. Don't talk 60, even in jest. Miss Barnes may be well enough, for all I know, but her money would destroy you, who were not born to money. You would do nothing and come to nothing. But as for Nina Trentico, as I said, she's a saint." " Wouldn't do at all for a wife then. Wivos mustn't be too good 'for human nature's daily food.' Think of reprov ing a saint because the buckwheats were flat, or the buttons off. Adios, you managing mamma," and he was gone. It was a misty summer night, so thick one could hardly see a star. But those ringing steps needed no guiding star to direct them; for, to tell the truth, Harold Hartley suspected himself of being already more than half in love with Mies Barnes. Undoubtedly, there was something in her superb surround ings that added to her own charms; and she seemed, too, as -entirely at home in them as the flower that blos soms in the rich, moist air of the hot bouse. That velvet lawn, set with its flaming exotics and beds of flowers, with the lofty porches and wide halls behind it, the dimly-lit drawing rooms, and the dining-room, with its generous fideboard all the consciousness of ease and comfort and delight of the senses about the place made visiting Miss Barnes a very pleasant way of passing time ; and then, moreover, us her father was a prominent; man ot affairs among the politicians of the country, one met there people who en larged tho mental horizon and made a man think for himself and think more of himself. To-night, however, as he went alone, his mother's words gave him a little thought, and it did occur to him that it was unwise to let himself become so used to all this splendor and luxury on a venture ; for, after all, a girl of such wealth and fascination as Miss Barnes had her choice from a crowd of lovers, of whom he was but one and the least conspicuous. Just as these salutary reflections stole through his mind his ear was caught by the crying of a child, and he paused to look into the window of the cottage that he was passing, and to see a woman hushing a little child, whose face was now hidden in her neck a slender, darkly-clad woman, who moved here and there, with tho baby on her arm, and attended to the wants of a number of other children, while a man sat at tho table, with his arms thrust out straight before him and his head fallen between them, in an attitude of abjjet despair. The womau's back was to ward him all tho time ; but something about her reminded him of Nina Pren tice. " Pretty much what I might expect, I suppose," groaned Harold, " if I obeyed my mother. By George 1" as the woman half turned, a sweet, fair, sad face, and delicate profile of figure, " I believe it is Nina I" But its absurdity destroy the fancy, and ho went on his way, whistling a bar or two of the " Wanderer," and would have beeu vary shortly with Miss Barnes, had he not been detained by a discussion with a chance friend at a corner ; and had not then stepped into a pool of water, and beeu obliged to hunt up a bootblack, the little wretch afterward keeping him waiting for his change. " I declare," said he to Nina, when at last he reached Miss Barnes par lors, " I thought I saw you married to a drunken laborer, as I came along to night, with a gang ot babies clamber ing round" ' What made you think him drunk en?' asked Nina, with her sweet serious ness. "Oh! the looks of him th3 arms on tin table, the fallen head, unkempt, unshorn, you know, and all tho rest." " I suppose," said Nina, "thatapoor man, whose wife lay dead in the other room, might look much that way." " 1 believe it was you!" cried Harold. " Do 1 look like it!" she asked, light ly. ' And have I a dual existence, to bo hero and there too ? " And then, as Haiold glauccd hrr over, in her airy mulins aud forget-mo-nots, he smiled at tho idea; and she see med til at once asdill'eieut from that woman, and from all other women, ns if she had stepped out of another star. Yet, for all that, a man dees not care to marry a woman who is different from all other women simply to oblige his mother. " What are you two talking about V asked Miss Barnes, standing before them just then, the picture of a Bac chante, with her head bound with cur rant leaves and her clustering curls like grape bunches about her dark and laughing face. "Are you promising Nina that you will come to Washing ton this winter ? Nina is to be with me there for the holidays, you know. ' If you should, swell my list on New Year's." And then she went dancing down the room, for the misty night had driven evsrybody within doors; and a waiter was just bringing in a tray of juleps. "When I was a little coufirmed drunkard of the age of ten I signed the pledge," said Miss Barnes,conveyingtho waiter to Harold. " But I didn't k 'ow how nice juleps wero. Now I am totally depraved. Here, Mr. Hartley. Nina I It's quite as immoral to drink lemonade with straws as mint juleps. The sin lies altogether in the straws 1" " It depends on the individual whether there is any sin about it, 1 think," said Nina. " But I love lem onade. A lemon seems to carry cool ness into the tropics." " And you don't know why you should burn your throat- that long, white throat out with tho other? Get thee to a nunnery!" As the gay girl lifted her glowing glass to the wax lights, Harold whispered to Nina, " I don't believe the Bacchantes used straws," and was astonished that Nina did not laugh. But that night the faces of the two girls kept shining upon him out of the darkness, as he walked home. The one the self-indulgent, laughing beauty; tho other, if not beautiful, yet certainly a lovely face in its fairness and perfect calm. And the girl lifting her glass to the glow of tho wax lights did not seem to him so charming as before. " Do you know," 6aid Mr. Hartley's mother, one twilight, some time after ward, "I'm afraid I have been doing an injustice to Miss Barnes? She really has a heart. Those poor McNultys I When Mrs. McNulty died she used to go down there every evening, and carry a supper, aud hear the children's prayers, and put them to bed, and leave a breakfast set out for the father in the morning. Just think of that girl doing such things I" "Did she tell you that she did, mother ?" asked Harold. ' Well, no. That is, not exactly. I heard that one of the Hill ladies was down at the McNnlty's doing these tnings, and tpoke of it incidentally to Miss Barnes; and she asked me to say nothing ubout it, and said she only did what she oouldn'thelp doing; and when I said I thought it a great deal for her to leave all lei gay lire erery sunset, and go down there, night after night, and wait on that family, nd then hurry home to her household of company, she colored up so prettily, and said we were all stewards, tnd it was duty and pleas ure, too, to do what Jab e could." " Humph !" said Harold Hartley, ne know very well now who it was that he saw through the window of the Mc Nulty cottage. But, after all, a pretty face covers a multitude of sins. He set about forgetting the deceit; he reasoned that it was a girlish jest, sig nifying nothing; and he went to Wash ington all tuo same, shortly atter the holiday season arrived, and presented himself among the fiist New Yeat's callers at the great doors of Mr. Barnes' residence there. "Ah! have you come?" cried Miss Barnes, hurrying to meet him. " We were so afraid you wouldn't. And now you know so few people in town that you have no calls to make, and I want you to stay the whole day here with us. I've a perfect crowd of pretty girls to help mo receiv , and a dear deaf-and-dumb old duenna for a chaperon, and it will bo one long festival I Will you have some refreshment now? Champaane punch? There's some Madeira, fifty years old. Ah! i here's the bell. Every man to his post ! There are no privates here; but I'm captain-general !" and she danced back to her place, well content that Mr. Hartley should see the trium phal procession that the day wai likely to be. And a triumphal procession it was ihejennnesne dnree. Loungers, clerks, attaches, members, senators, secre taries, officers in their splendid uni forms, all swelled the ranks, swept through the great house, and kept it thronged with groups m the rose draw ing room, groups in the gray parlor, in the music hall, the dining-room and the conservatory. As tho day wore on Miss Barnes, with a portion of her attendants, was as much in the dining-room ns the drawing-room, sauntering in with one and out with another, or standing under the heavy curtains between the rooms. What a picturo she made. Horold thought, in her scarlet satins, with yel low poppies in her hair, against the background of tho citrine-colored cur tains. There she was now, taking that enetian gem of a decanter from a ser vant, aud herself pouring wine for an old senator, who had perhaps already too much. Here came a parcel of gold- laced officers, flushed and gay and hand some. What did she mean by urging that old port on the half-tipsy boy among them, while the others laughed and jested ? Harold was not ordinarily troubled with scruples ; but this seemed to him to pass the limits of a jest, and ho ex perienced a sense of relief as he saw a lady approach in the shadow of the cur tain, and placing her hand on his arm lead the boy away. Gowned in gleaming white satin, her shining shapo crossed that searlot blaze like tho passing of a moonbean, and knowing who it was and thinking she might have trouble, Harold followed ; but it was only to find Nina alone in the gray parlor, the boy having laughed her cup of bouillon to scorn and left her out of hand. " Isn't it too bad ?" she said, with a laugh that was half a sigh, after all. "He asked mo if I was a temperance lecturer, and called this delicious bouil lon 1 slops.' Will you have it ? ' " Where have you been all day ?'' he said, setting down the cup. " Oh ! I am on duty on this side. We are all stationed by plan of battle ; but most of my battalion have deserted to the other rooms. Isn't this a lovely one ? It almost unfits a person for quiet life at home, these gay nights and days. It would, at least, if one were quite at rest in it." It was a lovely room. It tempted all Harold's old love of ease and luxury. The gray velvet on tho floor, draping tho walls, covering the cushioned divans, wearing a frosty bloom under tho silver chandeliers, tho delicate carved jades, and ivories, and spars, the one white-winged marble, it seemed somehow as if Nina herself had taken shapo from all these pure, pearly shadows. He looked through the gleaming arches that led from room to room and saw the scarlet-clad and golden-crowned beauty standing there, with the ruby glass suspended in her hand as she offered it to some new guest, and a strange shudder stole over him. Unjust as it might be, for that single moment the one of ths two girls was like a p cture of the incarnation of sin and the other of innocence. He re membered the icy morning, a few weeks ago, when he had seen JSina iu her swansdown mantle holding up a sheaf of wheat against the blue sky, and a hundred little btlated birds hovering round it, with whirring wings and chir ruping cries, and he turned and looked at Nina with a piercing gaze again, be fore which her soft eyes fell, till the blushes streamed up to meet the lashes; and as he gazed knowledge came slo ly swelling np in Harold's heart and soul that, whatever attraction dark and glowing beauty and luxurious surround ings had had for his senses, it had heen for his senses alone, and that the love of his life had suddenly sprung, full grown and winged for an eternal flight so eternal that now, in the first mo ment of its recognition, he could no moro tell if it had ever had beginning and if it would ever havj an end. So white, so fair, so sweet, so pure was it possible ho had been blind to it all for years ? Ho white, so fair, so sweet, so pure, was it possible that he could win her? Would she take the poor remnant he had to give his jettnessa epuinee. For one brief moment Harold Hart ley felt pangs of punishment that seemed to have lasted for years, and he felt like a sad old man as he still gazed at her. But he was one not to be long daunted, either by his own unworthiness or by the cruelty of fate, la a heart beat or two he was himself again, and he plunged in, aware that, even if she would have none of him now, it gave him the vantage-ground of her compas sion for the future. " I am glad," he said, "that you are not at rest in this life. It is a different life that I wish you to share. Nina, is it possible " And then a little hand stole into his, and he led her away into I the palm shadow of the conservatory. Ah 1 what a fool I have been." he was saying, exultantly, as he bent over her. "Why did 1 never Know that l loved you before?" " 1 always leu you am, sue was mur muring to reply. "I always knew you would if not here, then hereafter. For I never remember the time when I did not love you 1" "And this New lears day," he said, " is the gnteway of a new life for both of us. Ah 1 with God's help, what a life lies before ns 1" Progress of Iron Industrie!!. The census bureau of the govern ment has issued one of its special bul letins relative to the iron and steel in dustries of the United States, wtieh, says the Lancaster (Pa.) Nete Em, is full if interesting facts, and reveals the marvelous progress we have made in this direction during iLe past 'decade. There is at the present time a capital of $230,971,884 invested in the business, against $121,772,074 ten years ago, showing an increase during the brief period of more than eighty -nine per cent. In 1880 only twenty-five States and Territories had engaged in the produc tion of iron and steel, but Kansas, Ne braska and Colorado, as well as the Territories of Utah and Wyoming, have s nee commenced operations, making a total of thirty States and Territories of iron and steel. Pennsylvania has for a hundred years been the great iron making State of the Union. In 1870 we niaJe fifty per cent, of the entire production of the country. We have held our own remarkable well during a past decade, having increased our output ninety-seven per cent., and in 1880 we still made forty-nine per cent, of the country's entire production, notwithstanding that the industry has been wonderfully stimulated all over the country during the past ten years. f ennsyivania s product in 1S7U was 1,836,808 tens ; in 1880 it was 3,616, 608 tons. The increase in tons all over the country between 1870 and 1880 was from 3,0uu 215 tons to 7,265,140 tons, or ninety-nine per cent , a most won derful increase. Ohio more nearly approaches ns in her iron productions than any other State, her product in 1870 having been 44'J,7G8 tons, and in 1880 930,141 tons, an increase of 107 per cent. New York comes next, but her rate of growth in her iron product is much less than that of Pennsylvania or Ohio, having been only thirty-three per cent, between 1870 to 1880. Her product in the lat ter year was 598,300 tons. Illinois has taken New Jersey's place as fourth among our iron producing States; in 1870 tho made only 25,701 tons, which increased to 417,908, an increase of 1,522 per cent, in ten years. Mary land has fallen from 'ho fifth place in 18(10 to the tweltrh in 18S0, having made an increase of only sixteen per cent. Missouri has mado great progress, beirg now tho sixth State 6n the list. Some of the Southern States, notably West Virginia, Alabama, Georgia, Ten nessee and Delaware.have shown largely increased production. Of all the States that made iron or steel in 1870, three alone, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Maine, have fallen off in their pro duct of these metals. Under the re m :rkable demand of the railroad inter ests of the country, we may, for a number of years at least, see this im portant industry make equally rapid strides. Dr. Holland as a School-Master. The experience of the late Dr. J. G. Holland as superintendent of schools at Vieksburg is thus recounted by Edward Esrcleston in the Century: At the end of tho tedious river voyago he found that the publio schools which he had been called upon to superintend had not yet been organized, and that, be yond a department for girls, they had no existence. Dr. Holland was warned that discipline was out of the question that if he exacted obedience he would bo put out by the larger boys. There ensued a stern fight for supremacy be tween him and his rebellious pupils, in which his quick decision of character gave him the mastery. Even at a later day than this, such a thing in the Southwest as the shooting ot a school master for whipping a boy was not unknown, and it is a wonder that Dr. Holland escaped violence. Nothing but his superior quickness and unfaltering courage saved him. Once the larger boys resolved on revenge. One who had suffered a sharp punishment at his hands provided himself with a club, and, backed by a crowd of burly, over grown school-fellows, waited to attack the teacher on his way tothepostollice. Seeing the .irowd, snd knowing its meaning, Dr. Holland fixed his steady dark eyes on the one who held the club, clenched his fists, and walked straight forward through tho midst of the group, which melted slowly away at the approach of the terrible master. When tho rebels had dispersed, the teacher found the prints of his nails in the palms of his hands. Though he staid In Vieksburg but fifteen months he made a revolution in its educational system. In less than a year from his coming the private schools were all given up, except one which derived its support from out-of-town pupils. The schools were graded and wers taught in one building under his supervision. Slate Pencils. The hard black Germanslate pencil has been superseded of late years by the round white pencil of clay slate. At the quarry near Castleton, Vt., about thirty-fivo workmen produce 50,000 pencilB daily, and it is proposed to in crease the daily output to 100,000. The blocks when quarried are sawed into pieces seven by twelve inches, split to a thickness of a half inch and smoothed by a planer. The blockjs passed under a semi-circular knife, and after having been turned over the process is repeated. The result is fifty seven-inch pencils. A particle of quartz is the block would break all the pencils. They are pointed by a grindstone, turned, assorted, and gent to market in boxes of a hundred ; Codfish skins are now used in the manufacture of Ugat gloves. SCIENTIFIC FARMING. The Binullen of " ftlountnln Hide "-Mr. Theoilorn llavemei'er'p' Great Experi ment In the ltnmnDO Vnllev. "Mountain Side," the farm of Mr. Theodore A. Havemeyer, of New York, lies in Bergen county, New Jersey, twenty-nine miles from New York city, in the beautiful Bamapo valley, which at this point is scarcely a mile wide. Through the farm, from north to south, flows the Ramapo river. "Mountain Bide" comprises six hundred acres, three hundred of which lie in the val ley and are tinder cultivation, and the remainder on the sides of the moun tains, which at this point rise to the height of about six hundred feet. The farm is under the superintendence and management of Mr. John Mayer, an educated farmer, who learned his art in the State of Rhode Island, aud who is assisted by a foreman, and employs in the management of the farm from thirty to forty men, who are all comfortably cared for in suitable cottages. In the construction of the buildings an aver age number of seventy-five men were constantly employed for a year and a half. The main road from Sufferns to Pomrjton passes almcst through the center of Mountain Side, from north to south. Mr. Havemeyer's barn, dairy and silos are comprised in one building, forming the letter T. The barn proper stands east Bnd west, and contains the cattle-floor, the hay-loft, feed-bins avd manure-cellars. The south wing con tains the ice-house, dairy, engine-room and quarters for the dairyman. In the noith wing are the silos. The length of the barn from east to west is 263 feet, its width forty-four feet; the length from north to Bouth, including thediary and silos, is 263 feet, the south end being thirty-one feet wide, and the north end, or silos, forty feet wide. Beneath the barn on each side and di rectly under the cattle are the manure cellars, each fourteen feet in width and 180 in length. Under the center of the barn and surrounded by the manure beds is a room for keeping roots, 150 feet long and fifteen feet, wide, with stone walls and cemented sides iind bottom; this root cellar is thoroughly ventilated by flues of its own, quite dis connected from those for the manure cellar aud for the cattle floor above. At the extreme west end of the barn cellar, between the two cartways, is built a cistern of ce mented work 53 feet long, 15 feet wido and 12 feet deep, having a capacity of 35,000 gallons of water, which is sup plied from the river. From this great cistern, into which, also, the water from the barn roofs can be carried at will, a steam pump raises water to two large tanks high up in each end of the main barn, and from these tanks, giving an excellent head, water is supplied by a system of pipes to all parts of the various buildings. Biici of this cistern stands the gas machine, which supplies the house and all the buildings with light. Entering the main floor of the barn one is struck with its immensity of size, its cleanliness, and the absence ofe all odors. It is 42 feet wide in th clear, and has two ranges of stalls, one on either side, numbering in all 98, while the distance between the stalls and the center is 13 feet. These stalls are 5 feet long and 3 feet 0 inches wide, with a gutter 1 foot 6 inches wide and 4 inches in depth, running in tho rear 5 feet from the head of the stalls. Behind the stalls is a passage way 8 feet wide, extending along the sides of tho bam. At the end of the row of ftalk on tho right are 10 boi stalls, 12 feet long, 8 feet wide and 4 feet 4 inches high, in which at all times are kept some of the most valu able animals, and others, when they aro calving. In the center of the floor, ex tending the whole length of the barn and connecting with the silos, is a rail road track. The height of the barn, from the floor to the hay-mows, is 10 feet; the latter are 13 feet high, and extend the length of the barn, to the roof, having a capacity for 300 tons of hay. The barn has the best system of ventilation and lighting which can be devised. Both in winter and summer the air here is pure, and almost free from odor. The engine-room occupies that por tion of the south wing which lies im mediately contiguous to the main building, and is 30 feet'long by 29 feet wide, with a floor above for storing machinery, etc. In it is an engine of fifteen-horse power; the pump which forces the water from the river to the cistern in the barn having a capacity of . 1,500 gallons per hour, Adjoining the engine-room is the ice house, which is 36 feet long and 27 feet wide, with a storage capacity of 400 tons of ice. Beneath the ice-house, on a level with with the ground in the rear the building being on the slope of a hill is a summer dairy, which has the same dimensions as the ice-house, except the height, which is 10 feet from the floor to the ceiling. The floor and sides are tiled, and the ceiling is finished with tsh boards, planed, tongued and grooved. The facilities for ventilation are such that the temperature can be kept at about 40 degrees in summer, and regulated at will. Ad joining is a room on a level with the summer dairy, 49 feet long and 29 feet wide. It forms a base ment, while above it is the winter dairy of the same dimensions. The two are connected by an inclosed ele vator, and also by a staircase. The floor, sides and ceiling of the winter dairy are also tiled in variegated colors and artistic figures, affording, with the blue and white tintp, a most agreeable and restful picture. These rooms, fitted so as to cream the milk by cold sir alone, or by deep setting in water, have capacity for handling the milk of four hundred cows. A shaft fromt he engine-room runs through the dairy work room, so that power can be had whenever desired. Above is the dairy man s residence. The north wing of the barn, devoted exclusively to the silos, is 99 feet lonu and 40 feet wide. The peculiarity of this part of the work is tbst the silos, although 25 f6et deep, stand en tirely above ground. Upon a massive stone foundation cencrete walls 2 1-2 feet thick were constructed, forming originally four large silos ; two at tho south end are 59 feet long and 14 feet wide, their ends against the main barn, and two 35 feet long and 12 feet wide extend across the north end of tho silo wing. All are inclosed and covered by a strong frame building, its exterior uniform with the rest of the barn. The filling is done from the outside, the cutters standing upon a concrete pave ment east of the north wing, carriers conveying the cut stuff through large doors 25 foet above, and into any com partment desired. The ensilage is cut out from the top, and with hoisting ap paratus carried to the tramway on the feeding floor. Mr. Havemeyer's barn for bulls is divided iiito five compartments, 12 by 12, each connecting with a yard 25 by 12. There is also a larpe yard on one side of this building. The calf pen is 125 feet long by 16 wide-, and is divided into four compartments. It is designed for the care of calves after they are a month old. Each compartment will house twelve to twenty calves. In front is a yard for the heifer calvs, 100 feet by 100, and another for bulls, 50 by 50. The latter has four compartments, 25 by 12, with stalls 12 by 12. Mr. Have- merer raises all his calves, in front of the chicken-house, which contains 100 light Brahmas, is a yard loO feet iong, divided into ton compartments running lengthwise of the yard, 8 feet wide, of boards 3 feet 6 inches high, and wire 3 feet above. The interior of the house is divided into ten compartments, 10 by 8, with a hall running through the cen ter 8 feet wide. The height is 20 feet. The piggery is divided into 20 styes, each 8 by 10 feet, and contains 10 styos on each tide, each opening into a yard of the samo dimensions. Mr. Have meyer raises hogs principally for home use. Under the hoepen is a cellar 80 by 26 feet, with solid stono walls, into which the manure drops, and into which that from ho stables is carted daily; 50 hogs are kept in this cellar to work tho manure over. They get enough feed from it, with the addition of a small quantity of skimmed milk, to keep them fat. Among the hogs are ib of the lorkshiro breed and somo Chester Whites. One hundred head of Southdown sheep are also kept on the farm for home use. There are twenty working horses. comprising as fin i a lot of agricultural and draft horses as can be found. J. hey are kept for the work of the farm, be sido one yoke of Hereford oxen. The work horses are kept in box stalls, un tied. Mr. Mayer says that ho wants his horses to sleep as comfortably as his men, and finds that it pays to afford them a box stall. They do more work and keep easier. While all the horses are high-spirited and well bred, they are made, by care and gentle treatment, kind and docile. Mr. Havemever now has ninety-eight Jersey cows and heifers (every animal of which is entered iu the herd regis ter of the American Jersey cattle clul), and by next spring will have 150. He has stable room for 200, and will keep that number of animals. Tho inten tion is to have 100 head of cows, which, with the calves and bulls, will equal about 2U0 head, and to hold an annual sale at the farm or elsewhere for tho disposition of the surplus. The feeding place in front of the cows is upon tho floor, without .any other arrangement, in order that the cattle may obtain their feed clean, and that no particles shall get into corners and sour and injure it. The cattle are watered bv means of a trough, which can be raised or lowered at will, and is supplied from the tuiik above. When it is desired to water them, tho troughs are lowered, and when not i: use they are raised to the top of the stable, Every cow is cleaned daily with a curry comb and brush. They are treated with absolute kindness and gentleness. A :laily record is kept of the milk yield o every cow. The calf is taken from the cow when three days old, the cow being tied up in her place in the stall. The milk, perfectly sweet, is heated up to ninety degrees and fed at this heat, which is the same as the original temperature when taken from the cow. The calf is given milk, at first four quarts every day, in three feedings, morning, noon and night, inci easing the quantity as the calf grows. It is kept in a stall until ten days old, and then turned out in the morning to ob tain the benefit of the sun. At a month old it is turned into the pasture. Until four months old it is fed with milk, at the end of that period being given some ground oats. Each calf is kept separate until it is three or four months old. Cows are allowed to gJ into the yard every day, winter or summer, two or three hours, for exercise. A month before calving all meal is taken away from the cows, and they aro fed on three quarts of ground oats pjr day, in two feeds, with all the hay or ground feed they want. They are put into box stalls ten days befoie calving, iu order to get accustomed to the place. This system is found to prevent milk fever, Mr. Mayer, who has had the care of cattle for many years, has never had a case of milk fever. Francis D. Moutton, llroke Up Iu a How. Mr. Bimonin, a warm advocate of American institutions, recently gave a lecture before the Geographical society of .fans, in which he dwelt on the startling growth of the population of the United States. In three centnries, he said, if the present rate of progress v. as maintained, the United States would have 1,600,000,000 of people. At this statement somo one in the au dience protested, and sneered at the American nation as a mushroom, v. hich was soon likely to decay. Others dis puted the acouracy of his assertions about the actual growth of the popu lation. "Wait," said a third, anutil we get Africa opened and Africa will be opened then tho emigration ol Eu rope will be all directed tbither, and America will see her numbers diminibhl" 'The colonization of the African continent is a dream; it cannot be realized I" cried a fourth. ' It is, on the contrary, infinitely healthier than America I" asserted a filth and so the meeting broke np in a tumult, The Department of Agrlcnltnre. In his annual renort Mr. Lorlng, the com missioner of agriculture, says that upon enter ing upon the disohargo of his duties on July 1 last ho found an elaborate plan of operations for the year already laid out by his prede oessor. Such of the tnvestigationsas he thought of value he has pushed forward with an ardent desire to bring them to legitimate conclusions. The commissioner says: "Provision had boen made for investigating the agricultural condi tion of the Pacitlo coast; for continuing the work on the artesian well in Colorado; for pro ceeding with the experiment in the cultivation of the tea-plant; for concluding the investiga tion into the manufacture of sugar from sorghum; for observations on the existence of pleuro-pneumonia and other contagious dis eases or animals, both In this country and In those English ports to which American cattle are exported ;for continued examinations into the necessities and opportunities of American for estry; for tests of textile fibers, both animal and vegetable; for a scientiflo investigation of the habits of insects injurious to vegotation and of the best methods of destroying them, and for the usual work of the various divisions of the department for which appropriations had been niado by Congress." AH of theBe subjects have boen given the most careful attention both by the commissioner and by experienced exports in tho various branches, and the report con tains many valuable conclusions arrived at by the department. The expenses of tho attempt to cultivate tho tea-plant in Bouth Carolina havo been somewhat curtailed without detri ment to the experiment. One of the experts Mr. Saunders who has visited the tea farm established in Summorville, 8. C, reports that "tho 200 acres of land selected for the experi ment are most of them covorod with a heavy forest growth, the soil being 'poor, hungry sand' of a character 'to support only the scan tiest kind of vegotation.' Of this about fiftoen acres had been cleared, and was under a prim itive cultivation. On theso acres operationj wero begun in January last. A space was pre pared for sowing the tea-seed, and preparation was made for covering the plants, which, whet, young, suffer severely on being exposed to tho sun. Tho plants were growing woll aud con stituted the entire tea crop of the farm." Mr. (Saunders reported that with regard to the fu ture prospects of the enterprise, if continued iu the line of the present scheme and under the present system, it may bo said that there is not much room for encouragement. The pov erty of the soil and tho character of the climate, in which frosts sometimes occur, Bcem to bo unfavorable to the production of strong, highly llavorcd teas, as had already been proved by an experiment in Mcintosh, Ua. Tho investigation of contagious disease among domesticated animals has been contin ued with good results. The results of some of theso inquiries, such as the discovery of in fected head-ropes in ocean steamers, aro al ready known. Tho fact has also been estab lished that pleuro-pneumonia exists in several of tho Eastern States, although in most cases in a very mild form. Prominence is given to tho report of tho veterinary surgeons sent to Great Britain to inquire into the alleged importation from the United States of diseased cattlo, and tho commissioner believes that most of the mis undorstaudings on this subject havo given way before the convincing proofs presented by the, American surgeons. "Tho special investigation of the insects af fectiug tho cotton crop," the commissioner says, "is being actively carried on, partic ularly in its more practical bearings, and most valuable discoveries havo been mado in me chanical dotails and principles that lesson the cost of protecting tho crop and simplify the necessary machinery, lteeognizing the im portance to our Western farmers of acquiring data upon which to predicate as to ttie prob able action of the Rocky Mountain locust in 18-2, I have had an agent specially engaeed, , under the direction of tho entomologist, to gather such data in the permanent breeding grounds of this pest, lying for the most part in tho thinly settled sections of the Northwest. itoincmbering tho incalculable loss and suffer ing which thii insect entailed between tho ears ot lsilf and la77, losses wnicn largely iclpcd to prolong the commercial depression of that period, this information seems to me of Biuticient moment to warrant annual observa tions of a moro extended nature." Commissioner Loring expresses his intention of making the crop reports much more accur ate and exhaustive than heretofore. he (.'roAAlh or (lie United Stales lu T. n Years, Tho following tablo presents the final oflieial figures ot tho population ol the I lilted states at tlio tenth census, with a column shoeing, for comparative purposes, the lobulation ot' ls7'. The ligure fur Indian Teir.torv and Alu-ka are omitted, as their inhabitants are put considered citizens. Alt Indians not sub ject to tiisali hi are also emitted, in conformity with the census law: Slat.s (Mill 'IVriitories I Total Population- is-). lssji. 1H70. Mali I Female. The U. 8. Tie Slates Alabama Arkansas Caliiornia Colorado ( 'onnVtie't It'laware lloii.la lieoivia Illinois Iuitiaua Iowa KaiiMtx Krntiirkv l.ouis:aiia Mailiti .Mar lanct Maswu-li's Mii'lii'atl Miimi-sota Missouri Nebraska .Nevada N. Jlalitpsu X. .P r-i y N. Vnrk N. Cat-oliba Ohio l in-:oii pemis.'lv'a Phode I- d s. Carolina 'lVllllissi-t: T.-a iTUiont Virginia 50,li-,f.,7H) ,'S,.".,371 hi.M8.K-'ll M.tsW.'.list 4;i,.l7l,:un :is,l3.,i.5(5 : ,075,(ll!l 24,'JJ5,7 J1 ti-w.C'J!!1 l,'jiw,r,M.- HO, .-,-.!.- tl'.lll.tlirj 4N4.47I riio,'j47 a'.i.H'U rt7,i-i 1M5.nl.-. 0:iO,k7U :ikii,-j4.- :i4ii,.'ii'.i (i.i.i'.m Illll.'.llS 72.!VIII l:ia.04',i 77tl,l'.lt! 1,4:il,:i4H '.Iil7.!i4'i 77C..47'.! 4.-.'.l.4-i'.l 81(1.1011 471,1'.IJ :IJ4.H7 47-J.7-X! 1IJ4. 114.1 774..'.S'J :iiil.c.J4 riii4.4-.il 1,041. l'.ll 'joil.llil J0,'J47 i 17ii.4tl.-. A71.IH4 2 r,77 -V-".l 711, S4J l,fih4.1'Jli 71,as7 2,14i..'j:iti 14:1, Mil fill.i.lli'.l 7'a.os-j 7aa,'.HHI lil.v'.'.i'.l -7iHl tllti aoa.tki li.i3.4JH ail.'JW 411.. s'.4,l'i'.i4 l'.u,:vJ7 r.iM.i7i rj'.i.iai ;io.i,7s'J 74.1ns l;;n,4i4 7il'J.,.isJ l..-.si'...vj:l 1. nlo. :iio H1H Dili saii.iiio H:i'j,.v.ii 4HS.7.-.4 :ij4.ioK 4i.-J.1k7 H.'-H.440 Kll'i.a.-.',! 4111.14'.!' -a',7.177 1.1J7.1M7 J4'.i,'J41' 4J.ul'.! 17o.iVJil .ri.V.l,'.l-" 2, ri".t.J"J l'is7.'.ii'H l.iv-a.'.ini loa.asi' j.lan.ii.si l:ia,u.o 4'.m.4os 7i'.'.l.J77! Ka7.Kln li'.li,ss7 7IVtsr :ill.4'.i.V iiNi.ne'j' 'oil 1 ll jeiU'.ia' l.MJ.IKO :i,ll77,STl l.tiTH.aoi 1,I'i4K.I)'.KI i.i'.ni.e'.til 1S7.71S l.lsl.lo'.l J. .VI I.W.I l.l'.so, i',:l7; l.l'.U.o-jil ae.l.a'.i'.i l.n-il.oll 7liii.'.i.-i: l'.Jll.'.il.- 7so,s'.l4 l,4.-.7.:i.-.l! l.lm.o.v.i: 4 IH.70II1 K.!7,!l-.!'.!' l,7-.'l. rj'.'.ifi i; 4.'.4'.M :tlH.:ion tioii.ii'.ii; 4.HS-.I.7.V.I l.o71,:iiil .',nii.-i.'jii IHi.'.f.'a a.Wi.ii-.i Jl7.a..a 7o.-.i'i'i l.lilH.IV.IM !i:.'.i.!iir.j i;is.;i:, !l:l4,i4a 1,7m I. us.". I,i;;iii,,.i.i7 7so,77:l l.l:il,S'.l7 'J,li.H,asoi 4-V.i.l' '.'111 :ii".'.i'.n l.iai.ltu ",os-j,s71 l.o'.l'.l.'ill a.p.is.ui.j 174, ".Is 4,i!s-..s;ii J7li,i.il !i'.i.i.."77 l.M-J. 1..V..1. t.V.I l,J.-s..-ri' Ms..-,7'.l! 1, -jr.. ma1 44 J.i 1 1 I I,n.i4,ii7ii ua-j.-jsti l,.M-j.."nia! lilH.l.o I,:ii.-.,4'.i7 7H4.44H 40.440 la-,. 1 77 177.11'Jl a'j.i.io :v.i. lti'.i ll'.i..v..- 14:i.'.'.:l 7:.,1 IU liU.7ol) wt-t a. isconsiu Territories Arizona Dakota llisl.olt'ol. Mho Montana X. Mi iieo Vtall v.,si,;n,'tu YOUUUtf lO-.'.K-U'. tl.il.'.sl W.lsll lai,7oo ll.'.l'.l'.l .n.:,'.!.-! f 1.S74 Hci.7!'i; iM.'J.-ia u.iul 44:1, '.HI l'J.SIH r.j.isi 114,0111 lii,7'. lO.'.IS'J r-i,oni j'j.ua li.lKil hi.: Jl.SlH 'JH.17, f.4.4'.H! 74, .lo1.! 4.i,ll7:l The (Jaceii and the Doctors. By the unwrii,!"-. rat immutable laws of the Spanish cci-yt no one but a Span ish physician can attend the queen of Spain. When the illness of Queen Mer cedes became desperate her doctors called in their German colleague in consultation, but told him that he must prescribe for Donna Mercedes without seeing her on their report of the symp toms and conditions only. Dr. Eisbert declared that it waa essential for him to examine the patient before he could indicate what remedies would be effica cious. This, however, could on no ac count be permitted. He then sug gested that he might be allowed to see her through some open door or window without approaching her or even enter ing the f-ick room. That concession, too, was refused. "Then, gentlemen, I can do nothing," was the reply. " I am willing to prescribe, bnt I can hardly do so with good effect without person ally inspecting the patient." lie wrote a prescription and then left the palace. Three days later the fair young queen waa doad, but the laws of Spanish court etiquette remained intact.