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DAILY EVE N I N G A DVERTISER.
[No. i of Vol. Vl.] Thursday, June 12, 1794. [Whole No. 55 .] JAMAICA RUM, LANDING at Hamilton's wha.t, | the Drawbridge, out of the fbi;> Bacchus «§ Cept. Vanneman, fiouS Jamaica, JH FOR SALE BT PETER BLIGHT. May 16 FOR SALE, 32 At the STORES .of jefTe Sc Robert Wain, _ FORT WINS in pipes; bhds. and quar ter cases LISBON do. in P nnd quarter caßts Souchong and Congo "I <j AS, in quarts . chests A quantity of I/'fb »n and Cad z SAL T Soft (lulled ALMONDS in bales Velvet CORKS ill do. RufTia MATTS. 3 June 9 } advertisement, LETTERS on the fubje<sl of tl>e WaJh - ington Lottery, being by mistake rep. u edly addreflcrt to the Commissioners tor tic City of Wafhingjton. Perfotis concerned are hereby informed, that all such Ihould be addfeffed either to W. Deakins.jun. of YValhington, or to the Subscriber. The coaimi'.fioners never hav ing contemplated any farther concern in this bufinefi, than in thv'.r aflent to receive the bonds and approve the names or the managers. Ihe prizes have been p.iidaad are paying Oif d mand Ly W. Deakiiis, Wafliington, Peter Loltc;n,aud by the Subscriber. For the Lottery No. 1, the securities al ready given 'will be retained by the co.n iril&icmers, or transferred by them -it their bptios to the bank of Columbia ; and the fcommiflioners will be cor.fu'.ted rcfpectiivr a'judicious and eqtritaMc difp'-fitiott or the houses to be buil; thereby ; their ireafwy . or the bank of Columbia will receive th>: j money intended for the National Umvtr fity, and tTicy will be consulted in the no nlination of the 24 managers ; /but all the responsibility refpefling the general difpo fition of the tickets, and payment of pri zes, will reft as in the Hotel Lottery, on fbe'perfdns whofc .names are and may be hereafter publifned as afliftants to forward this business with S. BLODGET. N. B. Mr. Blodgef w 11 be particularly obliged if tliofe - rfons who poflifs prizes ' f yet unpaid, wiil apply for their money as } early as polfible. , June 7th. d. Advcrtifement. THE relations of Mr Thomas Curtis, formerly of Upper Mills, and lately of tie C'ty of Wafhngton; aredefired to apply and have his affairs set - tied. City of Waftiington, April 22, 1764. M. 5 m&tl»4 w Allperfons who have any de mane!* upon the New Theatre, are«equeft ed to fend in their accounts to No. 204, in Arch ftreif, near Eighth street,' as soon a 5 ' convenient. WIGNELL & REIN \GLE. Mav 37. d'f It is &equefted, THAT no pcfon wiil any articles for the u r e of the New Theatre, without an order in writing (igned by ourselves: or Sam Ml Anderfon, for us. WTGNELL-& REINAGIE. May 30. dtf. One thousand Dollars R E W A R D. Some lew Counterfeit Post-Notes of the Lank of Maryland, having been fifelv dif o vcred in circulation, and on tracing the fame vere found to Come limn the back parts of Virg-pia, where they probjrb'y firft issued ; to avoid imposition it is thought Heceffary to £iye the following drfcription' of ihem, by •which they may readily be deleft d. They have the leitcr D, for the r alphabeti cal mark, at the 1> ft hand fide of the Note. The pap<r on which they arc printed is tnore foh and tender, the strokes of the letter*, in the engraving are in general ft'roivger, and have a darkej; appearance than in the bills. The figna:urc William Patterfon," is haH 1\ done, the strokes of the letter?, are ftifF anrl and appear to be painted over wi>*h t ie pen, as well as the floiirtfiiingLof the name The value is left blank in the engraving, to r filled pp in writing, so ihe sum may be : nore or lc(s as plrafure. No true P'>(L Notes of the alphabetical .•Mark, abevye d.feribed, have been lately jf. iu:d, and *c^f ew are n „ w , n circulation. The above r<w d 0 f One Thousand dol. irs wi hr any per fori, or pprfonn. whopfh.n drover ,\p ro f«. cutt m conv ifl iont .he focal >n oflhrni) o| |hc -ollowing description, ,Ue C PC,f ° n ° r pc ' lon^rh0 'he The prioter, or printer. uia bjlu Every person who has afled e, k> ,i nc ipal in anv w a y in the counterfeiting ana .unerine the Wi-1 bills. WILUAVT PATTTRSON". Prefidenw. "fir.- si . ?. ■ 1 X. > l r-JT'-r: u • !f; *». r irj 1 Aa."v -Aul- ih ' ; :r *bo>, " For Charter, FOUR *FRIENDS, Th?y will be ready to receive their car goes in a few days, and will carry about 3200 barrels each. For terns apply to JESSE iff ROBERT WALN. June 9. d For Sale or Charter, . The AmericanJhip » MARGARET ' v Lying at Mallei's wharf | near Chefnut ilreet) .i \ > »>.ly one voyage ; is a (launch ell fitted vellel, and will carry about 3203 or 14,000 bufh.'ls of grain- Apply to WHARTON r d LEWIS. June 10 d ' For AMSTERDAM, ■* a '* " ~lhe Ship i, MWw^ J B IGA IL, ■ 0 Gardner Hammond. e 1 Majler. TO ia'.l until all convenient fpred, hav n .i|x iwo thirds of her cargo already en!;ag e e-d. For fre'ght or paffige apply to laid it 1 liiif r 011 hoard at Rulleli's wharf, or the tl uhferiber, s, JOHN DONNALDSON. d June 10. d For St. Croix, /'■ 77.'!* Brigantine ;t SCHUYLKILL, Francis Knox, Master. LYi \'G at Morton's wharf, ,a."d to (ail ny few days. She is a new veffcl, calCti red to .accommodate pafTengers, and will 5-ike lome freight. For teuns of which or ' 'Hp > v to C !>tain Knox, or u WHARTON & CREEFES. June 10 61 1 "I or Hamburgh, •<1 The new Ship Ju.in Va NN f.man, Maft.r. ag 1 O 1 tii v nh ,ti| convenient speed, having " rljree t nirths of her cargo already engaged, r-'of freight or paifoge apply to the master 0".,b- ad, or THOMAS y JOHN KETLAND. l"" e 3 d j For Charter, t- ' J_, AD r WjiLTERSTORFFj £dward Broock, Master. BUHTH£N 1700 baneis, fails fact, and _ \s in compleat order to take in a cargo im , ' mediately. 1. Also for Sale or Charter, j n Two New SHIPS of the burthen of 240 a -, tons each. For terms apn'v to JOSEPH SIMS, Who has for fal<? y - Madeira and Sherry Wines, ot the si ft qua it , Brandy, Red and Pale Jesuits Bark, &c. & c . cc: fune 2 d ut or STATE of SOUTH-CAROLINA In the Hottfe of Reprefentat 'rves, D£cfc MB ER 24ft, #793. the Gonvmilliohers ot j-üb -1 VV lie Accoofits,h ,ve reported, thai they cannot proced to the ihveftigatTon of the Treasury Accounts, refprdting Ip ctal In dents, without knowing the outflandmg a he mount thereof in circulation Therefore, 0 Refvlwd, That all holders oi special In rne 8 and required, on or before 0 r full day of November n x>, to deliver the to special Indents in i Vir pplTeffion. to one or to other ol the CommifTioners of the Treasury, by who are to give receiots for the fame, and to rep- rt to tbe Comniiftioners on public ac counts, on or before thetemh day of >J<£v t ember next, the amount by therm rcfpcQive- J«. 'y reserved, and also 10 the Legtflature, at . r <, their meeting in November next, and that nd special Indents not rendered into the Treasury a<; above, on or before the firrt day i lv of November next, /hall be, and the fame nf | are beiebv barred. i f h . Rtjolyed) That public notice of this refolu np. '' on be given in the Gazettes in. this to ,^ tate » once every three weeks, until the firft b c day of November next And that t|ie Dele gates ofthisSiate in theCongrefs of the Uni i,l ted Slates, be requested to capfe this reloiu. ,f. tion to be pubLlhed iaonr or more papers m the cities of Philadelphia and New.York, nnd that provifmn will be made for the ex n*. ptnees attending such publication. >n, Ordered. That the refolutinn *be sent to h e for thrir cone-irrence. I?v order of the Houfp, he JOH Nlf. ANT OR DD A RT, C. H. R. In the SENATE, December ? 1(1,1793. lrt Pcfolvrd. That this Honfe do cnnctir with ng tht House of Rcprefentatives in the forego '.ng Wduiions. " nu »• priic "*NXhat t'.:- rrt.,\u!ions be 'nt to t < •- ari\" s. " ,J I ,vk#* 1 Excellent CLARET, C In lioglhcjds and in cases 0f.50 bottles each. also, A fetv cases Champaigne wine; MADEIRA, k In pipes, hogsheads and quarter calks, FOR SALE BY p JOHN VAUGHAN, ti No. in, South frooi it reel. d Jan. 2, 1794. dtf »r Just Published, In bite handsome volume, 12mo. Price 5s AND FOR SALE BY I JOHN ORMR OD, < At Franklin's Head, No. 41, Chefuut Stre ■/, AN ESSAY ON THE Natural Equality »of Men, On the Rights that result from it, and On the Duties which it impofei. To which a MEDAL wac adjudged, by the Teylerian Society at Haarlem. Corrected and Enlarged, by WILLIAM LAWRENCE BROWN, D. D. ProfeiTor of M.iral P lilofophy, and the La vv oi and of Ecclesiastical I History ; and Mmifter of the English .1 (Church at Utrecht. e Aliquid fehiper ad communcm utili^ateni a fie »*" nd tup. Cicero J | The Firjl American Edition. ' I "'HEgrand principle of Equality, ii JL rightly understood, is the only bafjs on which naiverlal juft'ce, sacred order t j and perfect freedom, can be firmly built, and permanently fectved. The view of , t etfhfbitcd in this essay, at the fame time ( that it represses the insolence of office, the tyrahny of pride, and th# ohtrages ol - ii oppreiTion ; confirms,- in the most forcible 1- manner, the neceiliry of fubordi nation, * II ind the just demands of larwful authority. 1 1 So far indeed, fron? loofenii g the bands, 1 of society, that it maintains invinl&tfc, e* 1 very natural and'every civil diffusion. 1 draws more closely every social fie, unites < - in one ha r monjops &nd justly proportioned ) 'yftetn, and brings men together on the * even ground of the inherent rights of hu man narire, of reciprocal obli 'ation, and ot a common relation to the colfimfiiiityi March 18. tuts w— - — I MADMPvA, "J t shehhy, I PORT, j, WlNES6fthe firft quality LISBON, & \ tenrriffeJ — Old Jamaica Spi it, Antigua ind W£ft In dia Rum. Comae,' F'erch and Peach Brandies Claret and Port Wine of a superior qua FV lity in cases. Win? Cyder and Vinegar, in pipfcs and ic j hhds. Corks in Bales,Ha vannali Segars i/i Boxes. Philadelphia Porter, : in Calks and Bottfes. London do. in do. do. Philadelphia Ale and Beer in do. do. so London do. in do. do. and Cyder :n barrels and bottles, prepared for . exportation or inmcd'at^ufe, FOR SALE BY Benjamin W* Morris, L ' The corner of pock and Pear Jlreets, Where he has provided luitable ltores and vaults, for the reception of IV IN E S, &c. Which lie proposes to store or dil'pofe of i on com million Caprains of veflels and o'hers fupplird with any of the above LIQUORS bottled, and feaftores in geneal put up. May 9 tu&fzin a- — ; 1 ___ Just published, MATIIEW CAREY, J 118, Market J}net, io Price 18 cents, THE ei Catechism of Man ; at Pointing out from found principles, aid acknowledged fa<sts tfae Rights and D\i v ties of every Rat ional Being. le Am I therefore become your enemy because ,i. I tell you the truth ? Gal. iv. 16 i«, Now all these things happened unto th€?rn ft for examples, and they are written for e- our admonition,* upon whom the of i- the /arth are dome. i Cor. x : i. u- May io tuth&s£w r s ___ _____ __ x " Stock Brokers Office, to No. 16, Wall-street, Nf.w-York. THE SubfcriHer int.ndmt: to confine him felt cntirelv to the PURCHASE ar.cl SALE or STOCKS on COMMISSION,b.gs leave to off r jiistcrvicej to hi s friends' and other*, in the line ol a Stock Broker. Tljofe who may pleafeto him with their h>ifi o- ness, may deprnd.opon hwi(l> i( tranlaflcd with the uimoft ftdrliiv ai.d dispatch. to O."J">-l'O>n Philadf'lphiz, Bolton, rr ani r „,,t oi ,H c nnued Sutei, w :ll' be ' 19 ftritUy attcix A to. . ~~r , " us >- xj? fy (* COLUMBIA, (S.C.) May 12,1794. w Sout'i Carolina D lhi£> Ihe Grand Jury for th'^■ : D vßi«£l afr.refaid having deliberated on the business that wa> be lore them by the Court, are happy to Ol inform their J-Jonors ihe Judges that ihe\ k: fcnow of nO local grievances at present exist- ti ing thit «Trt of magnitude enough to call lor a tt Prelentment ; beg.leave to return then ]j, thanks to Judge Iredell lor thcexcellent charge g. d livercd by him and rtquell that he will per mit it 10 be printed. Jc. GUIGN'ARD Foreman (L. S.) ?' 11I1AL HEATH (L. S.) JAMES DANIEL (L. S.) '! W. WESTQN (L. S.) h' /.ACH. CANTF.Y (L. S.) ai ASHERRY SYLVESTER (L. S.) n JOHN HAMELTON (1.. S.) ir JACOB MYERS (L. S ) t l JESSE P.AKER (L. S.) ; r n NTHON.Y LEE (L. S.) o : HENRY REEVES (L. S.) " ALEXANDER BI.ATR (L. S.) 1 ROBERT I ITHGOW (L. S.) 1 TIMOTHY REEVES (I.J S.) P ROLING WILLIAMSON (L. S.) V JOHN Ei-LISON (L. S.) ft . .. n I A CHARGE delivered to the Grand Jury k , for the District of South Carolina in the a; Circuit Cotirt of the United States, g 1 held for the said dijrriff at Columbia, t] ' on t e lith of May 1794, by James t< 1 iRKDELi one of the AJjociate Jujl ces of b the Supreme Court of ihe UnitedSttites. tl ' (Fublilhed at the Grand jury's rcquefi.) v 1 f< Gentlemen of the Grand Jury, a 5 The war which unfortunately has been tl > for feme time raging in Europe, placed this tl j. country irf a new and critical situation c which requiredthe utmcftattention ofthofe e concerned in the Government, and the ex- d j errife of important duties by the citiiens ot b „ the United Sfat;s. Wish all the povers c engaged in thi war we were at pe?ce ; wi:h : e ' moit of them we had treaties either of ait! , mere friendly or of a commercial nature :j t . with one we had connexions more intimate t r tha<i with either of the others, and parti- c s. cularly ind ared by the recollcftion of the c :1 signal benefits we had derivedfrom its exert e tions in the time of our diflrefs. Ihe dan- e ger that we fr.ight, in the cctirfe of so ex- 1 d ter.five an host lity, be drawh again into a t state of war frcm which we hadfo recent- 1 ly and after experiencing so many evils em- i ergi-d, was alarming to every ccnfiderate tniiid: but we had the cOnfolaticn to re- 1 fleifl, that no authority of our own but that 1 j. of the Legislature of the United States 1 Could deliberately bring such a calamity t upon us ; and we were well afiured, from c 1- their patriotil'm and integrity, that nothing " but the r eccflity of felf-defence, or the du- 1 ty of a ptiblic obligation (if that unhap- i ' pilvlhoold be found to require it) would 1 induce them to risque the growing prof- 1 perity, and altr.oll unexampled free Con- < dition of our country. 1 A?the Confiitution of;Jte United States < ' entFufted the Ccngrejs atone with the au- t i thority of declaring war, or permitting any i inferior species of holiility, it was evident 5 1 , r that until they exercised such an authority, j t it was tlie d6ty of all the citizens' of the j i United States to remairt in a state of peace t and neutrality with all the hoittle powers. 1 , It is a principle of common sense, as wc-ll t as a v*ry. clear one of the Law of Nations, i d and is for the fneft part expressly flipula- 1 ted in tlvofe treaties where the preferva- i tiorr of peaee is that it Jhall 1 be maintained as well by the individuals of i ■>f each nation as by the rel'peflive govern- 1 ments. A diflindVioil between the two ca- 1 fes, in any infiance, would be trifling to '■ '' the utmost pcffible degree, and in the in- 1 fiance iri' would involve such 1 surd conferences as to make the futility - of it obvious to the least discerning mind. ! None can deny that if one ctizeri could take a pan in the war, alt might, S<'.p- ' pose such an event : we lhould then pre sent the ridiculous and contemptible lpec tacleto the world, of the .officers of our government in their official tranlaftions, bound to the obfervar.ee cf a ftrifl neutra lity, and the people the. ifelves by whose authority and un whose behalf, tliev a(sl, 1 . ( ] individually engaged oh one fide or the o- titer. Themifcliiefs of such adiftin£lion(if we can for a moment lose fight of itsabfurd ity) would be j.-rnieious beyond all ejtima- C c tjon. The great excellence of every go vernment nruft be, A-hen those who have ' rp the direction of public affairs, and those : nf for whose benefit they are ! of perate in one uniform conduct. #ut -what ' mufl he their situation, when riot only no ' such co cpcra ion exists, hi}t j<*h- n crie ' _ half of the people take up in support 1 cf one foreign power an/the other half irf > support of another,' ptiS for a foreign qua' - 1 ' rel, in which their government has no cbii- ' cern, nnd in wfiich it can horteftty ta!:e no 1 n- part, are thtts cutting one another's throats; ■ 1 •fl Such aMirdities, such mifehiefs, are not 1 IV deducihle from any rational principle • ac- ' 'f 1 cordinglythe difliji>slion animad iff.ftet'upon J j. r cannot be maintained By r.ny abftrad) rea- 1 " d foiling. A few words will be fofficient. to ' (hew this. When a tredrv is entered into ' v between two is not a treatybet ween 1 >c government and government fcuf betw en nationan nationjthi :overnnientis.oniythe ' thetrt|®J|J|tsnati ljirtthisrefpeaas well '• r. TtisfqJl , with regard to all the count world, whether the government be "■ 5 I narcliical or republican. Tor o-<: t fcri though our treaties with F nvce t 3 on the part of France entered "> by < r i king then sovereign of that c'■ /"t - they are obligatory flow of bot cni'n: : ' though France has since bccon r J ! -p ' lie, arid the government of Uni' r States is rtiaterially changed. v', ' vernment was a truflee in ever; re: ercife of its power as well as thi ■ d 1 expolition of this fentimettt rri; r Vc illustrate flill more fully the po i ■ how my purpose to eltabliih. V.'len at' a£l of the government is perfor er!, it not an a<St ( of the government nt! , i in reality an a<£t of the people whose tr the government is. The people ot ing able to exercile the various d<" . imer of government in person, they 'isa j must be devolved on others. IT] ■» ' they are to be devolved, depen * i particular coriflitution of eacl nn Whatever Cifpute may arise as t c of other countries, the r, hone as to the various conllitutii - t? United States. Their origin y known ait is refpecftable. The pa*t c are all defined in writing. The i giflative, executive and judicial -r w , the United States, all originate it " ' Stem the p'ecple themselves have agr< ed r f be governed by, aftd derive the ■ ' r. their validity front such system •foHr' established. The different brail i>' ) vernment are therefore exprefsi) tr 1 for all the people of the United State* accordingly every a<£l of the Leg ;»tG' n the United States is an aft of the ;c o;-J is the United States in their Legifiat rt city, every aft of the Executive t) e executive capacity, every ,aft oi diciary in judicial, and no )t ly an aft fcf so miiy individua "s citing independently either Legifiat' h ; ecutive, orjud ci ii authority. In . ; a th-refore to every ail of governm-i, : ther within our own country or as tc :e reign nations, it is an ait, in aconftitL i- onal poiiit of view, of all the peop!. le of the United States, it being altogi r- ther grounded on their authority, an i- exefeifed for their benefit, and in no it t- ftai'ce upon any pretended authority, or fc a the leaftexclnftve benefit oftheperfons wit t- whom such particular delegation of po\v< i- is entrusted. te If any addition was vfanting ti reafoi e- which seem so complete and fatisfaftory, at might add t,hat it is in the nature of thing es unavoidable that all the citizens of a corn ty try mnft be perlbnally affected by the goc m or bad government of it. Thro'their g. ig vernment alone can they speak or be fpi a- ken to by foreign nations, which in itfe ' p- implies the notion of an united and infep Id rable inter eft. If war be declared by th •f- 'branch of the government entrusted to d ii- cure it, 411 the citizens must be immediat ly liable to all the consequence? of that d es claration, however calamitous or howevn u- I fortunate they may prove. Governme iy ! ships and government property of any oth nt kind will not alone be the objects of hr y, tility, but the property of any kind belon ie ing tt> any citizen coming within reach ce j the enemy. The laws of war impose c 1 •s. ; ties, to which the citizens will be irnqui, :-ll tioaably liable ; they in a few inflanc is, give individual rights, tho'thefe are us a- ally ino'xlfiderable, comparedtothe other a- so certain are the mifchiefs, focompaii ill tively light are the advantages derived fro of so unhappy a'condition. In peace we . n- know the fclejfings individuals are etititl a- to —liie, 1 berty, and property (ecured fro i to any hoflile invasion. If a country is th . n- happily circumstanced, when a war brea b- out between ether powers, arid its fituati ... ty wii! admit of a neutrality tr'weeri ther. d. "few duties are eflential to this conditic !d which' mult be faithfully performed or t p. rights of such neutrality will not nor on*, .t e- to be I'efpefted. As these rights imply"..!! c- 'he security incident to profound peace, ur far as the persons and property of :h« ii. is, tral nations are concerned, upon the pr a- cipte of observing perfect neutrality as ,fc the objtfts of the war between the belli fl, gerent powers, it is furcly evident thr o- this principle alqjw- gives rife to t ; e if tral.ty, and it Can have nooth'er basis, d- enjoy th e benefits of a- rieUtratitj' rfiutt per Tonally refpeit and o- tht- principle from which all their righ . ve derived. Every right eitherprivateor 1:c implies a correspondent duty. To< a- therighs, and withold the duty, is a at mg violation of all jnoraKtv, if grot. 10 "r-pn power ;if attempted to be mail ie e«on p inciple, a defunce of the . rf m r n fii.fe oi mankind, irf " 'on io.pfain a foundation fiar.d tl : .... t-- sos nr-t-aljty to which the prefen ni l-Jtrt'inne war gave rife as to the citizc ,o tat United States. But as the occafioi 5- < great importance, and there wad r ot t<N /ear that a number of individuals,' c t , iro-n zeal or some other m , n .i"'s ex uieable, if unchecked bv time a- ! might precipitately ; ■ t° ii t! :e Wir, no less dangerous to the t t0 t£an mjurious to thelioror cf. their conn -n Aenbovild to the ol.fervance qf , T <-al. and difda nng the fubtei fuge as a fraudu , e lent neutrality, the President of the U ire I '11 fctatcs thought It expedient t ' 'ljue a n lb t c to. th*- following cti'tCl, viz.