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Gazette of the United States and daily evening advertiser. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1794-1795, March 02, 1795, Image 2

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Mount ford, Bioren 1 & Cot
RESPECTFULLY inform the Patrons to
ihrfe Works, and the Public, that from the
♦ery Liberal Encouragement th-.y have al
ready received in the Undertaking, they will
he enabled to put the FitfsT VoM'MZ to
Press in the courfc of the eni'uing Mbnth.
This being' th- firfl attempt made in the
United Slates for the publication or the
Writings of the celebrated Shaktpeare—and
the magnitude and elegance of the Work
repdcr.Hg it materially fcxpenfite,. *he Pub
lilhers anticipate a generous Patronage from
an en lightened Public.
It will b? printed on a new and handforae
type —and on paper of a superior qifality.—
The firfl vofume will coritai/i ah tlegynt Front-
Ifprtcc of Sbabjpear
Subscriptions are received by thcprinci
pal Booksellers in this Gity, and througheut
the United State?/ and by the
75, Dock street.
Feb. aB. eddjt— ~iaw4w
Monday March 2*/, 17^5.
Inland Navigation.
Thit Day is publifhecf, and to be fold by
Zachariah Poullon jun.
No. Bb, Chefnut street,
And at the Philadelphia Library,
or TH*
Rife, progress, and prcfent
Canal Navigation in Penn-
With an Appendix, containing Ahftp&s of
theA£ts of the llegiflatui e tfnee the vear
1790, and their Grants f Money for im
proving Roads and Navigabj.e WatsKs
throughout the state to wh>th is An
V An Explanatory Map."
Publi/hed by Diie<fbon o<th« President and
Managers of the Schuylkill a*>d Su!qne
hanna, and the Delav ai*e ai d SchuyJkii*
Navigation Companies.
u Here Onooth Canals, ucrofs th' extend,
ed plain
Stretch their long arms to join the distant
The sows of toil, with many a weary stroke
?>c<op the hard bofcfli of the solid roik ;
KeHfllefs through the 11 ffoppofmgclay,
Wits) ile-d) patient e, work their gradual
way ;
Compel the Gcr.ins of th* unwilling fl od
Through the brown horreuof the aged •
wood ;
Croft the lone wafle the fi'.ver urn |
Ann cheer the barren heath,or Cul!fn moor
The traveller, with pleasing wonder ,
i'ees v
The white f.iil gleaming throuni. the dusky
trees ;
And views the altei'd landscape with fur
pj ize
And doubts the mag'c fcei-es that round
is m rife.
Nowiifcea aT>, above h's head,
T'eir woven w|n;.s tlu liy 1 g \ eiTeis fp'ea.d
Now meeting dream-,<n art n muz- s.glide
.While each, unmii g td, pou:sa lepaiate
Now, through the hidden vein-sol earth
they flow
And visit Itilphurous mines and caves br
io w.
The dmftilt ftrcan;r obey the t uidi!* «T Jjr.rH, |
And focia! plenty crowustlit happwiandJ
2a w#f
American Land/capes.
Stleflcd from the mcft striking and inte
resting Profpea* in'the United States ;
each *( syiiich VIEWS will be accom
panied with a descriptive account of its
Local, Historical, and other Incidental
Auttcr of'the " Monajlic Remain* pud Ancient
Cajtlei in Great Britai.it"
1< That the work (hull be publisHed by Sub
l'cription ; and that cach Subscriber (ball
engage to take the whole set of Views,
and {hall pay for each engraving, if l,Ut V
or brown, t Dollars ; and if coloured 5
I!. That the dimensions of each engrav
ing lhall be 14 by 17 inches, executed in
zquatinta, and published upon paper of a
luperior quality. The publication to com
mence immediately" and one engraving to
be delivered to the Subscribers, on the firft
Monday of each fucceedinp month, until
the prcpofed series (hall be finally complet
111. That with the Lift View of the series,
shall be delivered an engraved title-page;
an elegant charaiSeiiftic vignette; a man
of th- route, connected with the profpeiSs
exhibited in the the ceurfe of the Work ;
and an Alphabetical lift of the Subscribers.
Subscriptions arc received by Mr. Harr : -
son, at his Priiit-fhop,Maiden bne, New-York
by Mr. Carey, Book-feller, No. 118, Market
street, Philadelphia, and by all the principal
Book-fellers in the Unitsd St itjj.
February iB. i.
» I
United States.
> "third Congrejs of the United Stales,
[ Begii* and held at the city of Philadei
, plu'a, iu tke state bf 611
Ijonday, the third of ir- vemher, olie
tholil'aiid IL-ver hundred and ninety-four.
[ AN ACT to authorize the allowance cj
drawback on part of the cargo of the
1 Jh'tp Enterprise.
Sec. 1. BE it ensued by the Senate and
• House us RepreKntatires of the United
States of Americi, in Congrels afTembied
■ That the colleger of the diftria of Penn-
be, and he is hefsby authorized
and directed to grant permits for the ex
portation of that part of the cargo of the
Ihip Enterprize Herbert Jones, comman
• der, which has been imported in the faiJ
(hip, and in the schooner Delight, Jolyn
Cannon, commander, from Newbern in
North-Catolina. under the fame regulati
ons and reftrjdfions, as if the fame had
been imported into the diltvicl of Penn
sylvania, from any foreign pott or place
Sec. 2. And be it further enaiffed, f hat
the collector of the diftria oi Newbern be
authorized to grant a debenture or deben
tures lor the drawback of the laid duti.s,
in like manner, and under the fame regula
tions and refcriiftjoni ar are provided by
the ?a, intituled "An a<ft making further
proviiion in cases of drawbacks," for goods
wares and merchandize exported from the
Unit d after the latt day of March
Fridfrick Augustus MtrniSNBERG,
Speaker of the House of Rcprefentatives-
Jcth n Adams, Vice-Prelideiit of the
United States, and President of the
Approved, February the thirteenth,
179 5-
G® ; Washington, President of the
United States.
Deposited among the Rolls in the Office
of the Secretary of State.
Edm ? Randolph,
Secretary of State.
AN A CT to amend the aft, intituled ''An
all ma ling alterations in the Treasury
and IFar departments.
BE it enacted by the Senate and House
of Reprcfentatives of the United States of
America, in Congrels afiembled, That in
cafe of vacancy in the office of the Secreta-
I ry of Stale, Secretary of the Treasury, or
of the Sccrctary of the depirtmcntof War
or of any officer of the f.'.id departments,
I whose appointment is not 111 the head t liere
! of, whei .by they cannot perform the du
| tics oftheir said refpeftive officcs ; it lhall
be lawful for the President of the United
I States, in cafe he (hall think it nectfiary
. I to authorize any pqri'on or persons, at his
• di'crction, to perform 11X' duties of said
, refp ecliVe offices, t.ntil a fucceflor be ap- I
pointed, or fueh vacancy be tilled : Provi
ded, '1 bat n 1 one vacancy shall be suppli
ed, in manner afyrefaid, for a longer term
' than lix inonihs.
Approved, February the thirteenth -
! 1 7 95 -
AN ACT relative to the compenfit i
ons of certain officers empl yed in the
cclltQion of the duties of imp'tjl and
Sec. 1. BE it erased by the Senate and
House of Keprefcntatives of the United
1 States of America in Congref. a. embled,
That in lieu of the coinmilfit ns heretofore
established by law, there shall be allowed •
to the r.olleilors of the duties of lmpoll •
& tonnage, 011 all monies by them refpeit
ively received «n accouut of the duties a
forefaid arifiiKg od tonnage, and on goods,
wares and merchandize imported after the
! last day of March, next as follows to
wit :
To the collectors of the diltri<£ls of Penn
fvlvania andNeW-York,three tenths of one
per cent:
To the colleaor of the diftrifl of Boston
siid Charltftown, and to thecolleilorof the
diftria of Baltimore, five eighths of one
1 per cent :
To the colk-aors of the diftrias of I
Saletn and Norfolk, f'even eighths of one
per cent:
To the colleaors of the diftrias of Alex
nndria, Charleston and Savannah, one
per cent:
To the colleaor of the diftria of New
bnrypcri, one and a quarter per cent.
To the colleaors of the diftria» of
Portsmouth, Portland, Newport, Provi
dence, New-Hampfh>ie and Tappahannock
one and a half per cent:
And to the colledlors of the diftrias of
Vermont, Champlain, Gloucester, Mar
• blehead, Plymouth, Barnftable, Nantuc
-1 ket, Edgar-Town, New-Bedford, Digh
-1 ton, York. Biddeford, Bath, Wifcaflet,
Penobfcot, Frenchman's-Bay, Machias, ;
1 PafTamaquoddy, New-London, Fairfield, |
: Sagg-Harbout, Perth-Amboy, Burlington I
Bridge-Town, Great-Egg-Harbour, Wil- j
ining'on, in Delaware, Chester, Oxford, '
\ ienna, Snowhill, Annapolis, Nottingham
' Cedar Point, George-Town in Maryland,
; BirmudaHundred, Hampton, York-Town
Dumfries, Foley-landing,
. Cherrystone, South-Quay, Kentucky,
W Imingtcn in North Carolina, Newbern
Wafhingt. n, Edenton, Cambden, George
Town in South Carolina, Beaufort, Sun
: bury, Brunfwick, St. Mary's and Hard
»ich, fio-per cent.
I S.c- a. And be it further enabled. That
; from and after the last day or March next,
, :n lieu oi thu annual allowances heretofore
Mtablifhed by law, there fliall be yearly al
lowed to the foilbwing officers, the films
fallowing to wit :
To the colle£t6i'S of the diftrifts of
Annapolis, Cbelicr, South-Quay. \ eo
comico, Wilmington in Noi th-Caroli
na, Cedar Point and Waihington, the
j sum of two hundred dollars ewfch :
c 'To the colleflors of the diftridti of
. York, Paffaraaquoddy, Oxford, Vienna,
Nottingham, I~limpton, York-'1 own,
f Dumfries, Folev-laiiding, Cherry if one,
e Beaufort, Saint Mary's, Brunfwick
and Hnrdwich, the sum of one hujdied
and fifty dollars each :
' To the collector of the diitrift of
j Perth-Amboy, one hundred and twen
ty doflar*:
j To the collcftors of the diftri&s '
- of Portsmouth, Vermont, Chtmplain,.
Gloucester, Plymouth, Baruftable, Nan
" I tucket, Edgar-Town, New-Bedford,
I Biddeford, PenOhfcot,' Freml man's
' i Bay, Machias, Newport, F illicit,
Burlington, Bridgetown, Grtat Egg
| haabour, WiinVrngtoti in Delaware,
- Snowhill, Kentnuky, Bermuda hund
red, Cainbden, Gearge-Town in South
Carolina, and Sunbury, the ium of
one hundred dollars each :
To the collectors of the diflri£fs of
Marblehead, Bath, WifcalTet, New-
Haven, and George-Town in Mary
land, the sum of fifty dollar* each :
To the naval officer of the ditfrift of
Portsmouth, line sum of one hundred
and fifty dollars :
To the naval-officers of the diftri&s
> of Newburyport, Salem, Newport, Pro
vidence, Wilmington in North-Caroli
j na, and Savannah* the sum of one hun
dred dollars each :
To the surveyor of the port of Sa
lem, two hundred dollars :
: To the surveyors of Portsmouth,
Newburyport, Bristol, Warren, East
r Greenwich, Sdint Mary's, Suffolk,''
Smithlield, Richmond, Peterlburg, Fre
derii kfburg, Wilmington, Beaufort,
and Swanfboroiighi the sum of one
hundred and fifty dollars each s
To the fuiveyors of Newport and
Providence 1 , one hundred anc thirty
dollars each :
To the surveyors of Glouce 'er, Be
verly; New-Haven, Middletown, Al
bany, Hu;ifon, Little Egg-Harbour,
and LewcHen'fburg, one hundred and
twenty dollars each :
And to the surveyors of Ipswich, .
Portland, North-Kiagftou, Pawhatuck,
Patuxet, New-London, Stonington, j
! Town Creek, Bermuda-Hundred,Weft
i Point, Uibanna,Portroyal, Alexandria,
Wmdfor, Hertford, Plymouth, Skew
arky, Murfre'fborottgh, Bennet's crtek,
Winton, Nixonton, Newbiggen-creek,
Pafquotank river, IndiaH town, Curri
tuck Jnlet, Savannah, and New-Brunf
wick in New Jcifey, the sum of one
hundred dollars each.
"Sect. 3. /"lad Ie it Jurther iiunlifl,''
That from and after the last day of
March next, in lieu of the sum hereto
fore cftablifhed by law, there (hall be .
paid to each infpedtor, for every day
he fliall be a finally employed in aid of
the customs, a sum not exceeding one
' dollar and sixty-six cents; and that in
' (lead of the sum heretofore eflalilifhcd
' by law, to be paid for the weighing of
I every one hundred and twelve pounds,
t in the diftri£t« of Pennsylvania, New-
York, Boston, Baltimore and Norfolk, •
there (hall be paid one cent and a half. |
' Sedt. 4. And be it further enaded,
( That from and afrer the latt day of'
March next, it shall be the duty of the |
. several colle&ors, naval-officers and fut
; veyors, to keep accurate accounts of
their official emoluments and expendi
-1 tures, and the fame to transmit, aanu
; ally, on the last day of December, to
the Comptroller of the Treasury, who
1 who (hall, annually, lay an abllraft of
: the fame before Congress.
Appro Ted, Feb. 14th, 1795.
Ft the Gazette of the United St at ft.
Mr. Fenno,
PHILOSOPHERS have generally ]
been considered by plain people of com
mon sense, as a very useless, extrava
gant, and pernicious tribe. Their nu
merous fefts, their jarring opinions,
their abominable principles, and their
dissolute morals, render them the bane
•of society. Impiety, and, not infrc
j quently, atheism itfelf, wrought up in
:to incoherent fyitems and licentious
jargou, have branded their profefiion
with disgrace and rendered them odious
to men of reflecting and virtuous minds.
By a deciee of the Roman Senate, be
fore it. degeneracy, they were exiled |
ftomßome; and whilst ,he principal
Hates of Gieece, corrupted hy their so- i
pluftry and falfe principle,, had become '
immoral and licentious, and of course I
loon effeminate and enslaved, Sparta,
only, who had 110 philosophers, remain
ed virtuous, happy a „d free. The pu
re (t days of the vafious nations upon '
f V
J »
- earth, fiave been usually tfis early peri
-5 1 ods of their existence, when {implicity*
in principles and manneis molt abound
ed, and e'onfequenfciy wh,en they were
(hangers to philosophy. Happy would
it be for America should her virtuous ;
f and republican inhabitants forever re- ,
pulse the fcifidiou* attempts of those, !
wiio under a pretence of superior light,
' and the name of pre-eminent science,
' conceal the molt deltruftive and poison
' ouß tenets. I have been led to this
• tiain of refie&ion by reading in the Ga
zette last night, the effufious of one of :
those pellilent beings who has found 1
his way to this happy region, and who 1
withes io impolt upon us a nonsensical
jargon about necessity and nature, as
' the inftruttions which the volume of
' the uoivcrfe furnilhes to those who read
it with reflection. Without entering , 1
' into any serious refutation of the princi
ples to which his qtlellions evidently
' lead, I would just take leave to remark,
that if I ihould cut off his nose or pro
' cure his alfaffination, or if I should be
as intolerant as the iuquilitors of Spain,
1 with regard to those who differ from
me in' opinion, I cannot perceive how
I should incur any blarrre/ Cipon the prin
ciples of that sublime " philosophy,"
which he has thought fit to publ fh tor
" the admonition of his countrymen. If
no man is mailer of his opinions, or ra
ther of those circumltances which led to
' the forming of opinions, if all the prin
ciples and practices of men be the necef
* fary effect of conllitotion and certain
" occult qualities of that mass whereof
men are composed, then every vice and ,
every crime may be indulged ; indeed
vice and crime are words without mean
' ing, and the man ia a fool a-ho conliders
any thing as a duty.
' For the amufi ment and inftrudtron
1 of your readers, Mr. Femio, this cven
-1 ing, 1 beg leave to flibjoin the follow
! iiig extracts from a work of the Mai- '
chionefs de Siliery, wil'tten oiiginally
in French. I
" I entered the world," fays he,
" very young : I was very curious, and 1
h«l a great deiire to gain inttruftion. 1
The words Fh'tlofophy and Philosopher, \
conitantly ftrtick my ears; but I afketl
in \ain for a definition of them. The 1
| answers I leceived 1 and the examples 1 1
saw, only served to increi-fe my uncer- i
tainty and ignorance. 1 heaid a num- 1
! berof persons who had no conformity 1
of principles, conduit, .or opinions, j
' among them, called Philosophers.— 1
I observed, that this title was indifcri- j
,1 minately given to the atheist, the deist, ,
the mifjnthrope, the man of the world 1
and to him eveu who laughed at every (
kind of decency, and ihewed the molt
contempt for morality. Thus I saw evi- '
dent!y that ivifclom arid the qualities of the '
mind had nothing in common with philo- I
fophy. The diversity of opinions in phi- <
in it than the generality of men. I con- J
eluded frc m this, that ignorance and pre
judices only could give a philol'ophica! re- 1
putation, since it had neither truth nor <
virtue for its basis. I thought for a 1110 1
ment, that this title resulted irom a fiudy ]
of the feiences ingeneial; for those cal- |
, led philosophers wei e oft 11 chymiits, natur- ,
I aliits, antiquarians &c. but I soon diico- |
F ' vered my error, on reflecting, that certain '
( 1 poets, and certain fuperficia! and very ig- '
J norant w ; ts were universally called l'bilo- 1
1 fophcrs. What then, said I, is philosophy ? <
' . It is ne'ther wiidom, nor virtue, nor a »
I particular profeffion, nor science. What
. ; therefore can it be. I was told, a Piilofo
f I pher is a man ivitbout pi ejudtccs. With
: out prejudices ! and yet as is agreed, one,
, who is impelled by paflion ; who aban
p dons himftlf to extravagance in error! 1
Well, said they, a philosopher is a moraliji, 1
a man who may conduit himfelf badly,
but gives good principles of conduit. But,
the philosophers Hobb s, Spir.ofa, Bayle '
1 and all who were their partisans, have 1
left us abominable precepts, which tend to f
deitroy all the principles of morality, f
Besides if philosophy consists in giving e
rule* of morality all the great prcarhers (
would be ranked amongjt l-'hilolbphers, ,
yet I hear it repeated that Fenelon, Bour
daloue and Maffillon were not such.
" It was in this manner, that I vainly V
fought certain information upon modern a
philosophy. At length, a person hentft '
and enlightened inilructed me, tnils'-" c
' one thing characterizes a Philosopher at p
* present, this is impiety. A man difho- n
' noured like the famous Bacon, may J 7
« preserve the title of Philosopher ; folly,
' ignorance, wickedness and depravity of I
' morals may accord daily with philofo
' phy ; but it seems to be thought necef- v
' fary to publish irreligious sentiments and t
' openly deny revelation : nothing more v
• is required of incredulity, for otherwifc, ','j
' philosophers are permitted to believe
' every extravagance.'
After djfeovering the dift : nguiihing cha
raileriftic of Philosophy, Madame Sillery 3
quotes the evidence of J. J. Koufleau,
who was himftlf no inconfiderabie Philo- n
fopher in favour of her opinion. The ex
tradt is taken from a discourse of hi-, which
gamed the premium at the Acad.mv of
Dijon, and is as follows—" What is phi
losophy ? What do (he writings or the 1
molt known philosophers contain ? Wh; t 1
ire the lessons of these friends of wifdrm ? 1<
To hear them, would not they be taken a
for a Ifoo'p of quacks. each cry; rf , n ,, fc
y from his own quarter, in a public
' Come 0 me, i am tiie only p..rfo:i wlij
e does not cheat.' Cue prttuuu there
no bodies and that all is idea ; anoih-r
that there is. no fubfiance but matter, nor
s any other God ian the woild. This ad
- vances there are neither virtues nor viccs,
, and that moral good and evil are chimsc
t ras ; the other, that men are wdver, ? nc l
may devour each othei in all corkfcienti li
' 'afety. Oh great PbiXJopbe) i ! why do
you not reserve for your friends and chil
-8 dren thele inftrudive lelTors ? you would
- soon receive ih rewird ot them, and wc
f ftou.|u not be afraid of finding, among our
1 on any of you. f. flators."
, i If the Phiioj"c pber JVi r. Fenno, who sent
] you the prtcioui Morceau !aft night and
, stamped it with the name < f his proses.
■ fionaf purfuir, be inch as Madame Silhry
and «fven J. J. Roufleau deicrihe, I hope
. his opinions, will be most iti'.vieraiifh pro
f : scribed by the virtuous difJ.ain and al hor
. rence of every man. poff fled of
, February 28.
For the Gaxette of the United Slater,
> -
1 Mr. EoiToi,
' Before I begin to fcribhle, lam de
" termined to have
j}n Jfpologifng Motto :
r 0 The smaller the object awe take
• «' up, and make them great* t!ie ad't is
" she greater; for, it. requires an < qnal
> " art in the formation of the glals to
■ "magnify, as to diminiffi : and, ii'the
■ " objett be not of it (elf Itrall, there is
1 "no magnifying."
1 1 lAM one of those crabbed and tefly
1 fort of two-legged animals, that have
- an eternal itch for galling, dntikltiy,
' and scribbling ; but TTie mil Jiief of the
joke is, th-it. I cannot ioi the veiyliie
1 and foul of me, ln d out the feciet of
minding my own bulintfs. My tern
per, you mwft know, is not ca!t ii; the
bell mould in'the world ; for I had ful
ly intended to have put mylelf in a pjf
fion on Saturday lalt, and with that
, view, I had been poring the whole < J ay
I over Johufi.n's Dictionary, and gather
ing together a multitudinous not, or
, rather banditti, of all the mod vulgar
words and scurrilous cxpreflions, that
• the Ihortnefs of the time would allow
me to aflemble, in order to serve as
• iralcible materials for the fibiic- 'ii nof
all my nectff.-.ry emotions ot indignati
on ; when iome yelping cur or other
, got the start of me, and completely de
feated my project of cramming a little
innocent blackgt.l.l difm into the cofr.it
of your paper, by his isfeition . f a
long cock-and-a-btill ltoiy about
Colnmbianum, ui.der the boll
signature of " A Friend 10 . '
which, by the bye, eclipicd a :
so far above the humble lei r, ,
own abilities in the fuliimc an.,
" "lliat 1 llaifTTeverlSffTrable 1 ;r
zl« my wifdem before this t. ~
having been intoxicated ahru U ever
since, merely tin ough venation, aid in
order to deter jnyfelf from being capa
ble of minding my own buhnefs. The
liquor which I am so milch in the ha
bit of popping down my prttious throat,
ha 9 brought on me fuih a contii 11 1 al
fociation of ideas about t'ippiiiftp.:!-
lowing, gt.zz/ing, and the like, that un
less I feel the leuiatioti of some lpintu
ous fluid in m- mouth or throat, 1
firmly btheve 1 should fcallow 'either
myfelf or my character, if 1 Wvie not
before hand with tnyfelf by tutting or
writing it away.
I have, to be • fine, a most happy
knack of tagging a few coarie spun pa
• ragraphs together, in Ihe true style ct
epithetical patch- work ; and, as I have
received so many leihujs and tubs, thro'
my p.itt folly, in the school of dilap
pointmenr, and have exercised my miud
so much (since I made my' inyoliuitary
eicape from a public inflitution) oh the
(übjeft of iL' c hutnati biiv T mt*l ii
Ileal tfTeif\s, in the prcdu&ion of the
more violent pillions, 1 cati make a
verbal liorm, or temporary hurricane in
a newipaper, in the true impafiioned
llraiu of rhaplodical irascibility ; and i
can throw the world into-.an occafior.nl
paroxysm of laughter, with all the ele
gant alTurance and rhetorical
of an eloquent merry Andrew :
whenever I chufe to gratify my
spleen, 1 no matter whether v '
without provocation) I can abu
tive, or a foreigner, with as tr
vage grace, and decorous barba
if I had received the rudiments '
education at a boarding school 'V
the Hottentots, or amidlt the
and lujut natura, in Peale's rrmf
I totally forget what I mean
Yours, for the present,
A A A.
?. S. I had firft intended, Mr. Edi
tor, o have transmitted my compliments
to Mr. Upflart Decency, but 1 lecol
lefted, that they would be too bulky
and enormous, fur his fere throat to

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