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BY THIS DAY'S MAIL.
NEW-YORK., August 22. Yefhjrday arrived at .this port, the fiiip Polly Capt. Tracy, from Loudon, last from the Downs, 36 days. We have received the Londort Daily Advertiser and Morning Chronicle to the firfl <>f July ;but the ac . counts they bring frbm the thea'tre of war are not so late as, the we pub li(hid from our French papers 011 Monday / —they however contain a variety of matter thst have not yet appeared in the. An icrican prißts, which we will occafion alty extract. The accounts of the right wing of th? army of Moreau having forced the of the Damfbe between Bleinheim and Dil - lengen, in which the Auflrians were fevere'y beaten ; the honours which the French Government are preparing, as a testimony of national gratitude, to the memory of general Defaix ; and a few other articles of lefllr note (rnoft of which were anticipated by ou.-Pirs Journals on Mondiy and Tuesday l .fl) c mprife nearly the whole of the intelligence these papers afford us. It w:,s rumoured in London 011 the 30th Jitne, that a messen ger hetj, arrived there from Cruxhaven, charged by Buonaparte to make a renew r<oß6 to<the courtW Great-Britain for peace*. Ihe report; pained credit wrtW the. weak, biff bid no tfF-A upon the price of Stocks. It melted the day fol lowing into thin air." The Englifhand Batavian governments had been occupied for fix in difcuflirtg fo'mc commercial arrangements which were pfopofed by the latter, md irr which they " are miicuaily tnterefled. The Britilh Mlniftry had not On'the' firrt of July refbived official information cf the Utc decisive Victories obtiined by the French in Italy. TlVey are said to have another expedition to Holland in agita tion. fceace was f id to be the general with of the Englilh nation. June jo; TRIAL OF HADFIELD. , After the examination of a number of witnedVs, Lord Kenyon »(kfdMr. Erflcine if he had many more ; Mr. Erfkine said about ten or a dozen. Lord Kenyon then said, that in hii opini n the evidence that had been produced went clearly to prove, that .the; Pnfoner was certainly in a deran ged (l ite. If the attorney General, and the Counsel tor \he Piofecutinn were of that Opit»on, it woufd be needless to go any fur. ther. The Attorney General said, t' at he did not wist to press the matter; he f«w it in the light that his Lordlhip did, and did not for a moment conceive that a talfe colouring had been given to the* cafe by the evidence for the prisoner. Lord Kmyon then told the Jury, they mud acquit the pnfoner, as his infinity was proved , hut he mufl not be difthargrd; it was ibfoluttly nrceflary, as well for his own lake, as.for the fake of the community, that' he fl)"uld not be let loose on th« public. The Jury immediately returned a Verdic* of Acguiita! 011 the Plea of Insanity. Tie prisoner was then remanded, under the care of Mr. Kilbv, to Newgate. The prifoiwr appeared perfe&ly calm and Collected, (during th<? whr.lr of the trill) un til the entrance of his Roya! the Duke of York, when he leaned over the Ihoulder of Mr. Erlkine,exclainiing, "Oh ! how J love 1 How I love htm - ! God bless him !" But on Mr. Erflcint-'? di-firing him to be quiet, he recovered himfelf immediate, ly, and did riot speak another word nor did he, feetn to be at :»ll afl" fled during the re mainder of the proceedings. There is no tvnth (fays the Morning Chronicle of Jt}ly I,) in the report of a per son having heen dispatched to this country by Buonaparte. Last Saturday we received papers to the l6th inft. The Telegraphic dispatch from Huninguen, of the 23d fays that the right wing 01 the army of Moreau had forced the paflage of the Danube, between Blen heim and Dill ngen, a vigorous resist ance ; md that the result of the battle was 3000 Auftnans made priloners, with the loft) of 14 pieces ofca h si and 4 ftawlards This movement aud its objtift, we forefaw and announced in the Oracle of the 20th and 24th, on the fhft inttlligence of the marr.h.o' Lecnutbe upon Augsburg "The real objeft of this movement seems to be that of suddenly pu(h ng on Lecnurbe s courps towards Diilingen, which is etween Ulm and Donawerth, in order that, by threatening Kray's communication with the intetior of Gcrmary, he may be forced to abandon his almost impregnable pofi ion, under the walls of Ulm while our com petitois diredttd the march of that general towards the Tyrol upon which he turned his back. That movement, we observed, would oblige Gen. Kray either to quit hi entrenched camp at Ulm, in order to force the eremy to repafs the Danube, or to free a paflage for himfelf towards Donawarth and Ingalftadt ; othcrwife he would be en closed in the fame manner that Melas has been ia Italy. , Mr. Wickhamis at Vienna —Col Clin ton, during hib abf nee, attends (lie armies Mr. Melvits was sent off on Saturday with dispatches to the Earl of Elgin at Con ftantinoplc. Ju'r*- The Hamburgh mail dbe on Sunday has ' not yet arrived. By its arrival it is that rr witters rrfay receive theli otficiat.ac counts of the dtcifive' vi'&ories of the French in Italy and perhaps information refpedting the sentiments of the court of Vienna In the present moment, when'?ll hcpe3 of pro secuting the war on the continent with suc cess mulfc be abandoned he universal wifl) for peace which pervades this country, if expressed with firmncfs would at lealt oblige minilters to turn their attention seriously to negociation If they do not follow the ex ample of the Emper.or, should he accept the preliminaries of the chief, consul. of which there is little doubt, »e mull b' re duced to the ncceflity of negociating with difatjvantatre singly onfome utnre occalion. ■Difpat'-hes brought over by a Dutch na val officer to Norwich, ar.d received on Sa turday by gi.vernmenr, related (o fom= com mercial propoftd by the Ba tavi n Direftory, and which have bec-ji for upwards of fix weeks, under the considera tion of both governments. Arrete of the. Confus, Jjted the 24 ill of June. Ibr C'nfuls of the Republic, on ths report of the Minister of Interior oVder. i The nam- of Gencial Dcffaix, killed at Mare-go, (hall be inferibed 60 the Nati onal Ct-lumn 2 A medal (hall be flrnck in honor of ge neral DefTaix, It (hall be placed under the fullllooe of the National Column, 3 At the feie of the 24th June a trophy (hall be raised io ti.e temple of Mats, to the memory of General Deifdix 4 Ihe ir.i iller of the nterior shall trans mit the jjrefent arrete to the f mily of Gen eial DefTaix, with the teft'monies of the esteem and regret or the government for that liluftrious citizen. In the absence of tht First "onfuli By. the econd Consul CAMBACGRES. H. B. MARAT, Sec. of State. Th-? Obltrver of yesterday slates, that Mans Pe.i jguf» a French gentle iviau,.had ar rived in London from Cr xhaven, fa d to be charged with renewed overtures from Bu.->- mp.rte. - Such was tie importance of his dispatches, that he left Cuxhavtrn on the instant, in a packet purpoftly and ex clusively for his convey.ime.—The Observer very properly adds—" Should this prove to be his million, if is lingular he took so cir cuitous a route'."—['hat a Frenchman, in the charadlerof a courier, may have arrived in London with difpatchej from Vienna, or some other of the Continental Courts, we shall n .t attempt to deny ; but it is evident, that the editor of the paper mentioned, con siders fui li a circuitous ir ifli'>n fro-m Buona parte as too great an absurdity even for the chapter of political cnjeflures. It had, how-ver, some influence'yefterday on the we k and credulous always r j 'idy to rec-ive with avidity evt ry novelty of the moment. PARIS, Junt24. Tr/egraph-c Difpatcb. The commandant of the arms at Prefl t° the Minilter of the Marine and Colo" nies " The garrison ps Corvelle has baffled the projefts of the enemy, one of whofc pinna cei was funk." Second Telegraphic Dispatch. ' The army of the Rhine ha« forced the pafljge of the Danube above Ulm. On that day it has made three hundred prifon eri taken four piecea of cannon, aud four (landarda. (Ngned) « CORNEILLIAU." Third Te'cgtaphifi Pi/patch. The Minider of war has received by the Teles?r3(.h-th following Jifpatch from gen eral Moreau, daced " Hunijigqeo, 4 Meflidor, June 23. " 1 In* riirht wing of the army of the Rh iie •orced the piffape of the Danube at Bin gheim and Ui 'cigen. " The enemy op|-ofed a rigorous refif tanc-, 1 111 were overthrown by our troops, who ro< k fourteen pieces of capnon and four ftaßi'a ds. '■ Three thwufand m«p befi.'eshave been taken prisoners." CONTSEVATIVE SENATE. Extrafts of the Readers of the Csnfsrva tive Senate, Tune 2}. '1 lie Conferyative Senate, after having heard read the frieflage of the Consuls of the republic, dated the 21ft instant, felating to the brilliant fuccrflev obtained by the ar my of reft-i ve in Italy. Orders, that it fliatt fend the following mefiage to the Ccnfuls of the republic : " T he ;irrt»y of Reserve has performed in the 14th of June, all tlut we 1 a right to ' xpedt from its valour, and the invincible lupeiiority <f the heroes who dire£t it. The Conservative S nate received with enthu lialm the'iie'.vs of its fuccefTes. It p rtakes, 111 coinnio.i with all F.ance, in the Joy and admirati* n iKfpired by its triumphs ; and in '.he tlianfc* ;<Jid fnrow so jilfl'y due to the | brave men whose blood has been flied for the republic. M<y that vi&ory, by compl-ting our glory, terminate, the effufion of blood, and the niifrr.es of hufmanity ! May the corif- ling olive he planted in the field of Maringo amidd the cypress and laurels with which it is covered ! Coilat' with the original by us, Prefi tlf|it and Secretary of the Se nate.. ROGER nUCOS. President. LAPLACE, Secretly. PROVIDENCE, Atjguft 16. On Weckefday anived' at Newport the ft rip Ruffe! I, captain Wood from the Ille ef France, after a pa(T»ge of about four months. She was bound for Batavia, but captured while at anchor near her port of dcftihati«n by a French pri<aieer, as mentioned some. time Gnee. Upon a rcprrfentation from the governor of Batavia (he was given up, jnd p-rmj ttt-d to purchase a valuable cargo at the Isle of France. Yesterday the fliip Ann, and Hope, capt. Bendy, of this port, arrived be-low, in five rribtr.hs and three days from Canton, with a very rch cargo. On the 30th olt. in lat 30, long 61, she fell in with a French privateer Tchooiier of 18 guns, and full f men. Ear ly iirxt morning Monlieur came up, and en gaged the lliij> three quarters of an hour ; hut n«t liking the recrptiort lie met, hauled off lu wmdwurd. Thf 1 fbjp lay by ah hour, expeding .rd . renew tlie aftion, but the I'lenchnian declined, and made off. The Apn and Hope ntowvts 'l2 nine pounders ; her rigging was fpinewhat cut, but flie re-, ceived no materia] damage. A fliip was in company with the privateer, supposed to be a prize. NEW-L NDON. On Saturday arrived in thi3 city two gen tlemen frwm Martha's Vineyard, who came paflenger from Rochtllc. France, in the (hip < olumbus Capt. Joseph Skinner from this ) ort We learn from thtfe pafTengers that the (hip ailed from. Rochelle the 17th of Ju:ie, and brought difpaihes from our Envoys ; nothing particular refpe&ing the million had bein made public, it was under fiood that the neg'iciat.ons were I kely to have a favourable iflue. Our informant saw Mr. Ellfworth on the 6th of June, he was in good fpitits ; Mr Murray, did not en j y good health. The Commiflioners it was expefted would depart for -America about the it f Aug. No American vessels h d h«en carried intp.frence, for.feveral weeks t-efwre the Cplorobus failed. The Colum bu. passed nil's Harbour bound to N. York, on Saturday nigh't lall ; (he had 30 paflen gers The people in France were in good spirits in coofec<iKnce of the la e fuccefsof their armies, and calculated upo;t a peace after this campaign, the Brest fleet had not Jed. NEW-YORK, A ugh ft 22. Sailed yesterday in th<- (hip Fair Ameri can for London, Mr. Lewis H. Guerlain and Lady. The (hips Juliana ard Chesapeake of this port, were getting under way at the time the Polly left London. A Falmouth paper fays, there is-no pac ket in port to take the American mails of the 2d July, but one is expeAed here in a few days. Trade interdi&ed with Baltimore's well as Norfolk. Health-Office, 8/£ wo. 21 st, 1800. WHEREAS the Board of Health have received information that a contagious disease, dangerous to the community, now exists in NORFOLK, (Virginia,) and also the CITY OF BAL TIMORE, being, as is represented to us, equally sickly. Whereupon Resolved, with the as sent and approbation of the Mayor, that all vefiels from thence, bound to the Port of Philadelphia, bring too at the Lazaretto, to receive a vilit from the Resident Physician, and there wait the determination of the Board. And further, that noperfon (or goods capable of retaining infection) from NORFOLK, or BALTIMORE stall be permitted to come to the'Gity or Coun ty of Philadelphia, until they produce a fatisfaflory certificate of their being at least 15 days in a healthy state, from thence, under the PENALTY OF FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS, agreeable to the 7th feftion of the Health Law, half of which will be paid to the informer on conviction. All proprietors of Sta ges, both by land and water, are desired to govern themselves accordingly. By order of the Board, EDWARD GARRIGCJES, Peter Kf.ySeß, Secretary. Cj~ The Printers generally are request ed to give this a place in their papers as often as convenient. The Subscriber, jIT ASTER of the Hamburg Ship Anna, for- J.VJ. warns all Pcrfons from truftinp or harbour ing a»y of the crew ef faiti Ship, as he will not pay any debts contraiSUil by them. JAN TURGENS. Ai.guft ii diot A. Young Man, PERFECTLY *erM in Mercantile accounts, and brought up in one of the firft courting, h»ufes in tbu »ity. wilhes employment as Clerk. He is at present absent from Philadeiph", but a 'me left at tfte Office of rhe Gazette of the U'ni ted States he will-receive, «ml it Shall be imme- 1 <iia»ely attended to. Salary a feeondafy »b)e(sl — Employment his native. ougHll »x dtf Gazette of the United States. PHILADELPHIA, SATURDAY I RVKNING AUGUST ' 23. PKIChS OF STOCKS. * Philadelphia, AUGUST 20. Old 8 per Cent Stock for cato 108 3-4 a (0 , p , rt s «*/ per Cent Stock do. xoB 38 a 108 4 8 Six j!i;r Cent, (net amount) 87A Navy do. do. 87 Three per Cent. do. Si ' Deferred, - do. 84 B*Nl£ United States, do. 31 Pcnnfylvawia, do. 36 ■■ North America, do. 48 lnfuran«e corfip. N.A. iharcs 10 per cent, be low par Pennfylvania, fharee, »r p Cr cent, adv, Turnpik.. Shares, jo percent, under par. Bridge (Schuylkill) Stock, par. Eaft-lniiia Company oi N. A. 7 percent advance Laud Warrants, 15 dolls, per 100 acres. COURSE OF EXCHANGE Bills on Lon. at 30 days for cash 170 per Ct do. 60 day« do. 168 do. Do. do 90 days do 166 a- 3 Bills on Hamburgh at 60 days 36 a 37 cts per Mark Banco D®. in Amsterdam, 60 day® 39 a 40 cts. per Florin For Halifax Ship News fee B oft on Marine head. " Certain and. indisputable evidence" is contained in the three numbers pubhfhc-d in the Aurora, under the fignatur: of A friend to peace and the conflitution," that they were written by one Tencb Coxe the fame who piloted Howe's army into Phi ladelphia, and as a merchant supplied the Britilh army with provisions, while tkey were starving at New-York*—A very cha ritable aft, iio doubt, Matter Tench. The Jacobin paper at Baltimore, by the applaufc rendered to Buonaparte, who the fame printer has repeatedly called a bale and impudent Usurper and Tyrant, has furnilhed a hint so the demagogues of their party in this country, of which they will not fail to avail themfrlves, when they pet into power the lofty minded chief of Monticrllo, and the more ambitions little i'u t knew all this long 1 finre, and no doubt hive made their calculation* in conftquence • The Federalifls of Delaware mean to fup p"rt the H""- James A. B..yard, as member ofsthe House of Repirfentatives of the Uni ted States, and George Cummins, Esq. as Senator.. Accounts from Natchez f<y that Bowles, with 4-00 Indians, has taken Apalachia and a galley belonging there. On t'ne 3! inft. His Royal Highness the Dukecf Kept, failed from Halifax fm-.Eng land, in the Affifhnce of jo guns. His re sidence at Halifax has been of immense frr» vice to the Province of Nova Scoti*, and his departure is very much regretted. [Halifax paper. Samuel Borland, Esq. having resigned as afling American Cntiful at EflVquibo and Demerara, Nicholas Rouflelet, is about to refi'me that chant&er. Extraft rP a 1 tter from a refpeftible Gen tleman in Cape-Francois to h s correfpon denrin Ncw-Ydrk, dated 30th July. •' An express has just arrived here, that ToufTrtint is in poficiTion of the South, and thatßigaud has gone off in his (hip.' 1 fl!a*ingo, the I<r.e scene of French vitto ry in Italy, is the fame place where Moreau was dtf._-.tted last year, on the i6ih May ? and where,- on the 20th of june, he, in his turn, defeated General Btllegarde. Buonaparte, doubtless without intending fach a thing, has given confidciable fuppnrt to the national credit of Great-Britain.. When the news of his successes over the Auflrian reached London, the funds rose two pei cent, so confident were the people that a general Peace would be the cor.se quence. | AMERICAN STOCKS (in London) July 27. Eight per cent. 107, 108. Six percent, 84. Five and a half pei cent, none here. Three per cents, 52-? 53. Deferred, intert ft on which sommences the ift January 1801, at 6 per cent, 32. B,ank fliares, paying an annual division of 71. 4s. per (hare, 1221. President. DIED] —on Monday the 18th intt. at Fells Point, Baltimore, Mr. Joseph Engles, of this city, in the 76th year of his age- He was on a visit to that place to lee a son that lives there. At Sydney, the Honorable David Matthews, Esq. formerly Mayor of the city of New-York, and lately President of the Council, and Commander in Chief of the Island of Cape-Briton. Me. KEAN and STEVF.R. the late G vernor Mifflin made a magiflrate of a pick-pocket, all honest men lamented the appointment : but the Go\er nor had some excuse for his conduft ; the man's crimes and chara&er were not fuffi ciently known ; he had never been, as was btever, tried by his country, and duly con vitted. As i'oo-Ji as his dirty tricks came to light the ciitiff fled. He. had not au dacity enough to encounter public scorn ; nor had he a patron daring enough to pro te'ft him, in defiance of law, juftioe, and common decency. There was ft ill feme re flect paid to decorum and public opinion. If the buduiTs of appointments go on i le M-Kean, it will be nothing strange, if iv; a few years we fee some of the citizens of Botany B-.y on the Pennsylvania bench of jiilfice ; and the British, inflead of trsnfporting their convidts to the utmost bounds of the globe, fnould let them port themselves direAly to Philadelphia— where the miscreants are not only a (Tired of a fraternal reception, but may expert honourable, promotion. Whether this new lymftem of politics will be of any advan tage to mankind, or not, I leave to Tom Paine ; but it is certain that, if if does not punifli crimes, it tends, at lraft, to anniha late the name, and to eflihlilh more speedily a glorious and universal equality. The odious diftinftions of honour and infamy, and of meum and teun), by whittll some men have app-opriatfd to themfclvet more than an equal (hare, of the pffeem, and other. things ot this, life will lie the sooner abolish ed —Vive La Refiublique, crie the ftLtp'.i men of Pans, when they had levelled nil diftinftions, an 4 murdered their bed,friends. Those of the bestial herd who have not bitten the duft,live to iurfe their own folly and their d; ce ivers. They have railed low-bread tyrants to power, who. are now teaching them with a vengeance that there roust, and there fliall be, a diflinftion of tanks. I 1 is remarkable that in neither of the late difcuflioni of Mr. JefFrrfoi>'a cha mber, do we meet with the ynoft ci v.- us of his disqualifications 1 mean that unfrttled Hate ot brain anj of rpmion, which has so constantly diverted those with whom he has been molt intimate. In /hort, the celebra ted whirligig chair which lie invented pore ly to chtcn the eddying motions of liis wa tery brain, by a c< unter turn for every oc elli on, shews that lie is liirnft If acquainted with this general defe "*, which is perhaps the chief cause of all his other derange ments both ideal and »r»flical. Mr. JefFerfon has also invented a table, which in less time than you can lay bocus & > f us S Wl " m f" ,rn become either a circle, a triangle, a fqu.ne, or a polv<ron in any of its varieties. But, what is most rem rka ble in this gentleman, who is a kind of Jjck at all trades, his inventions have ge iieraliy been better fuiterl to any thing than to the objeft for which thev were intended. As it may not be fair to tell tales out of school, I will not mention any part of his philofophiral ledtureS ; they are generally charaiteriflic : so much 'o that when C >l. B of New-Y' rk paid him a vifi , not I n£ Fince, he fa id that he 'ad long won-- dered at the cause of Mr. J fF-rfon's whisn ficalities ; but f"Uiul, that liter he had turned round and round the mountain to | arrive at the top of Monticello. he felt a remark ible giddmefs, wljiih iris ■ athfr in > reafed wlten he looked fr m its'! sty blow oil the vult exiepdt d pi >ti s Ho-i. Wheiher this be -.fie cilife or not, let pMlofophpr« fl (ermine ; but certain it is, Mr. Jeffrfin is in Futjf a hi w (late of mind, when at th;it he h is never yet been able to Hpter to a fix > ('■ rm or (hape for any thing-. His 1- * f i* of course a piece of pantotnimie=»l patchvmk ; one day the parlour is in front, the r *• day in the rear of the building ; wi t> year is square and thr next ano&agori. It is. however, happy for Mr. J. that he has \et continued rational em ngh to avoid plaiftering his houfir because he well knows this \v.'u!d enrreafe the expence of ending alterations. The last person whom I have seen from Monticello, told me that Mr. J. was now taking down the leeond (lory of h's building, intending thereby ro remove his observatory into a cellar. I cannot but approve of this alteration, for I really believe a dark room wruH be very ufctul to any person in bis fitua'io". Fot the Gazette of the United States. Letter 111. TO THOMAS JF.FFERON, Vice Prejtdent of the United States. Philad: Aug. 16,1800. Sir, THE more I meditate on your charac ter, the greatef are ihe fears which I enters tain for my country. Born with a restless and ambitious foul, you delight to roam in the ltorm of anarchy and coufuCon, where you may seize with insatiate fury on erery obje& of appetite and pafiion ; indslge in your speculative fyftenh of liberty, and fnb v*rt that blefied Religion wbofe mildness and benevolence support the bonds of soci ety, and whose mercy gives eonfolat'ion in the hour of death and mitigates its pangs. I appeal to my country 'if my alarm is not well founded ? Whatever faults and de merits you may perceive in the Christian Faith, it has often tranquilifed the troubled foul of Ameiica when war ard peftihnce hung over her head ; when misfortunes fol lowed one another in rapi l succession, and her very liberties lie gasping at her feet- Your fellow-citizens Sir. will -not at th(s hour rejeft that divine aid which has sup ported them thro* theii' trials, and which have been thought necessary by them to their political fa vation They have expe rienced the bad effl&s of a weak frame of government under which lite and prop rty were inlecnrc, and will not n 'W hazard the fruits of their industry by a change in their present energetic an secure system. They have experienced the lofsof friends and tr; a fur«s in gaining their much prized freedom, and willnot now basely surrender it to the intrigues or power of 3 foreign com try, or to the machinations of their domestic fees. I will Sir, in order to prove your disre gard of the Christian Religion, refrefh your memory with an anecdote which you well know is founded in fa&. 4 MEDICUS. •s\»' f