Newspaper Page Text
lij recent Arrivals, LONDON, Sept. 14. The French Camp at Amiens contifli of ten battalions of Grenadiers of 800 men, 6 battalions of Uillemen, o«(e regiment of Horse Artillery, and one divilionof Canno neers—At Beauvais, another camp has been farmed of some corps of Cavalry Light Infantiy, and Carabineers. Receiving houses are open at Hamburg, and 25 guineas paid for each Dutch or Ger man recruit from thence delivered at the Depot in the Ille- of Wight—The Dutch troops are engaged not to serve out of Eu rope. The Volunteer AfTociation at Bombay, commanded by Gov. Duncan, and compri sing 750 men, ire dre (led in green, with blaCk velvet cuffs a id collars, and g»ld em broidery. Capt. Adolphus Hinaber,of the 68:h fodt, is appointed Deputy Adj. Gen. to the foiees serving in the illand of Minorca, with the rank of' Major in the army, vice Maken zie. The army of General Angereau, confid ing chiefly of Batavian troops, and those of the French that were in Holland, is to talce the name' of the army of Bohemia and of the Lower Rhine- Mr. Editor, The public conversation being so much engrossed on the dearnefs of provilions, I hope you will insert the following, which I trull, gives, a pretty jud idea of the true caul'es thereof. In my attempt, the begin ning of 1796, soon after the publication of my address to the public on the monopoly of small farms, to get e(tabli(hed a Small Farm Society, by subscriptions of 100/ (hares, the meetings at tho London Tavern were but thinly attended ; it was found that powerful patronage was necessary to carry the propo sed plan into effett, and the ininider then wanting large sums of money, it v - as judged prudent by the few fubfcr.bers present to pollpnne their further attfe ipta till Peace. 1 had, however, the fatisfa&ion to find my plan With general approbation. From the information then obtaiued, and the communications made me from various parts, it appears, that within the lad iorty years there have been monopolized and con l'olidared intojarge farms upwards of 40,000 small ones, to the dcdru&ion of so many fa milies, belides cottages dependant on them ; but if 1 calculate them at 30,000, their an nual produce in live (lock only, independent of Grain'and hay, on the lowest poflible ave rage will (land thus:—6o,ooo calves, 300,000 lambs 300.000 pigs, 600,000 chic kens, and 4,500,000 lbs. ot butter, besides milk, cheele and eggs, leaving ge<;le, ducks, turkies, and pidgeons out of he calculation. Since the small farms have been consolida ted into large ones, it is believed (carce one fourth of the live (lock is produced, and \ t— ry probably not «r»re than three fourths the quantity of grain and hay—besides the small firms, the cottages which were attached to them generally railed some live Hock, which might alio be taken into the account. From these circuinilances I am induced to chilling Sir John Sinclair, and all the advocates for large farms, to prove that farms of 1000 acres each produce an equal quantity of grain, hiy and live (lock, and uip;>ort as many persons as ten small farms of 100 acres each (there were formerly nu merous farms of 40 and 50 acres) and un less they can prove tbis, my positions will itand good, that large farms are injurious and small ones highly beneficial to the com munity. For the advantage and happineft of the nation, I wilh to provoke a free dis cussion on the fubjefl, but Bot under the long black cloak of anonymous;) for it will bring truth to light—it will then be seen whether it is for the interest of the natien that the lands of Great Britain (hould be portioned out amongst a few opulent per sons, to the injury of the whole j and it will alio be fcen whether the Legiflrtters of our ancedors were guilty of folly in repeatedly and confirming laws for the pro teftion of the small farmer and the cottager, i or whether our modern Legislators have in- j jtired their country by repealing those laws, : forfince the repeal in 1768, of the atls of the 3d, 4th, sth, and 6:h ofßdward VI. the Id of Philip and Mary, sth of Eliza beth, sth of Charles 11, and sth of Queen Anne, those salutary laws which had (lood the ted of centuries againll badgers, engros sers, foredallers, and regraters, every spe cies of provilions have been rapidly advanc ing in priee. What do the large farmers in general raise, except grain and hay, more than fuf ficient for thrir own family use ? It is the fmatTfarmer and the cottager who week ly supply the markets, with small stock, —-tinfr<*r «nrl and too much encourage ment cannot be given to thetn. The immenfc number of enclosure which have for many years been taking place, under a bad system, I am fatisfied hare been injurious to the country. How many cot tagers have thereby been dispossessed of their much loved spots, and thrir offspring forced on the parilll for subsistence ! In lliort what has the country gained by mo nopoly, experiments and enclosures ! the answer is, almost a famine ! Humbled to solicit by large rewards, foreigh lands to supply us with bread, whereas we fsrmerly supplied them. I cannot too mueh impress on the minds of the corporation of the city of London, and of all the great cities and manufa&ur ing towns, the circuuiflances 3 for surely if ARMY. ever there was room to petition the throve or legifUture for redress ot' grievances, it is now, when they lo forcibly come home to every man's feeling. I inj Sir, RATI S B O N September 4. Notwith (landing the continuance of war like preparations on both fides, for the re newal of hostilities, all nopes for a peace able accommodation are not yet relinqaifh ed, since intelligence has been received, that on tht 30th ult. Come hours before the notice of the termination of the armillice arrived in the Imperial head quarters at Ok! Oettingen, another French courier, di teflly from Paris, had arived there, who, on being told that he could,not be fuffered to pursue his journey to Vienna, declared he would not deliver his dilpatclies, but would immediately return with them for Paris, upon which he was allowed to conti nue his journey, accompanied by an Auflri an officer. An Imperial courier, coming -from Vienna, nlfo hastened through Augf bourg on the 3 111 ult. for Paris. These circumltances keep :.live our hopes, that before the expiration of the armiflice, cn the 10th inft. a favourable change may take place and we are afTured from good authority, that Moreau had full powers, in i« this cafe, to discontinue hoflilities Lieutenant General Grenier, meanwhile, continues making the necefTary preparations in 'he left wing under his command. The day after to-morrow he will quit this city, and fix his head quarters, for the prefens, at Freyfing. The greater part of our gar rifon will alio leave us, which has already been the cafe this morning with some com panies of grenadiers; and we learn, that only a few hundred men are to remain here, under General Nejr. By mutual conCent, the gates of this city were thrown open yesterday morning, after they had been clo sed ever since the 29th ult. but the Impe rialists would not fuffer any provilions to be carried over from their fide, and but with great difficulty some waggons with mer chandize were fuffered to pass. At five o'clock the gates were (hut again, and fane, that time, the pofl only is permitted to gos which departs at five o'clock in the after noon. To day the General in Chief Mo reau arrived here, accompanied by eight of his life guards, and the chief of his Staff, General lieflolles. T«-inorrow he will pursue his journey to Straubing. FRANKFOR. r, *ept. 6. In our neighborhood hostilities will not commence to morrow, but on the loth instant. at fix o'clock in the even, ing in consequence of the arrival of a Captain of Szekler huflars, witu a letter from the Imperial Field Marflval Lieut. Simbfchen, that the general of Division Barbou. who commands in the absence of General Angereau, desiring that as in Bavaria, the armistice might continue three days ionger namely to the tothof Septemoer, ro which General Barbou, agreed, informing the Austrian Officer that he had already sent a Lieutenant Colonel to General Simbfchen, for the fame purpose. In the night from the 4th to the sth instant, the French marched from their cantonments in the vicinity of Wurzburg towards Mergen theim. General Simbchen, has his head quarters at Schweinfurt, where he waits for reinforcements. His corps is greatly weakened, since it has been left by the Mentz, armed peasants, the Mi litias of Franconia, and the Mentz troops of the line • About the 9th inft. tlx Ele&or of Bavaria is expedted to arrive at Bareuth, from Amburg, with a suit of 232 persons, for whose recep tion the palace and fourteen houses in the town are cxpe&ed, exclusive of those that will be wanted by the ambas sadors accompanying him. VIENNA, Sept. S. On the 31(1 of arrived here, ac companied by an Aullrian Officer, the fame French courier, who, in the winter be tween 1796 and 1797, paOcd three months in this city. He came lad from the head quarters of our army ir. Bavaria, the com mand of which, ad interim, has been taken by General Count Cellourah. Soon after his arrival, he delivered in his difpatche* to the department for FiKeign Affairs, and thence went to the quarters assigned him in the barracks of Salfgries. ' At the moment, therefore, when notice has been given on the part of the French, of the ceflation of the ariniftice on the 10th of September, difpatchei have been sent from Paris, on the answer to which every thing will depend. The modifications which were offeied, on our part, to the firft pro portions of Ronapartc, have been refufed at P.iris , and it is required that the firft preliminaries, with a very few alterations, lhall be accepted a*d ratified) or all farther uegociations will be broken off,Bc hoflilities recommenced. Immediately after the above-mentioned dispatches ware received, a Council of State was held. Our hopes of peace are now foinewhat revived. An offer will be made to the Archduke Charles of the command of the army in Ba varia, which is now entrusted, ad interim, to Count Collourath. It was before report ed that it would be commanded by the Pa latine of Hungary, and under him by Ge neral Lauer, Direttor ef the Corps of En gineers at Vienna. Another letter, same date. General Kray will retire with a pcnfion of 4,000 florins. Some other officers, it is' laid, will likewise leave the army. Orders have beer, sent to to sup ply the fortrcffes of that kingdom with pi'o vifions, artillery, and ammunition, as spee dily as poflible. Our State Paper fell S per cent, on the intelligence that the French had given no tice of the ending of the armiltice. An order has been publilhed to day, far all folaliers, both privates and officers to join their regiments and refpe&ive corps immediately. In Bohemia, the recruiting for the completion of the regiments is carried on with the greatest aftivity } besides which, every 20th man u taken for the militia. T. WRIGHT. Yesterday a full Council of State was held ; after the breaking up of which a courier was sent off for France ; this is considered as in some degree encouraging the hope of peace. The head-quarters of General Moreau will be removed in a few days to Mu nich. A deputation which had been sent from Munich to make representations to General Moreau, on account of a heavy requisition of bread, oxen. See. has obtained no redress ; as the centre of the French army is to form a camp in the vicinity of Munich- The recall of General Kray from the command of the army was notified to him in a (hort note under the Emperor's own hand. The following article appears in our Gazette ; —« Ihe appearances of an approaching peace are agaiu renewed. AH the French troops which were march, ing forwards from iiuabia have returned to the quarters which they left a few days since, and the armifticc is to be pro longed for some days. According to our Gazette, Ihould the war,contrary to expedition be renewed, certain foreign powers will take a dcci five part in it. it is probable, under the present circum(lances, that the notifica-. tion of the cefTation of the armistice on the part of the French, will contribute greatly to haflen a peace. Wanted to charter for Madeira, A good Vessel, Of loooor i.aoo barrels APPLY T9 WHaRTON V LEWIS. No. ti 5, South Front Street, november 10 J For Sale, THE BRIGANTINE ENTERPRIZE, is built of the best fcafuncd white '"l' 2r, d wai failed an tha ftocks— will cari y about 1500,'barrcU of flour, and maybe feat to sea at a small rxpence. For terms apply to WHARTON & LEWIS, No. 115, South Front Street. November 10 §. For St, Croix, THH BRIG K ARIEL, Joseph Paul, matter. W For Freight or Paflage, apply to tin matt* o 1 board, or JOSEPH SIMS, 1 ss, south Water Ureet. Who has for Sale, imparted in said brig, a few hcgfheadi ST. CROIX RUM, and Al'ci f BRIMSTONE. November 17 dlvr Robert Smith & Co. No. 58, South Fhost-Sireei', Have JuJt Received, Per the Adtive, Captain M'Dougall, from London, A few halei of white and brown Russia Sheetings, Also, a general assort mint of GOODS, Suitable for die season. November 11 d ( iot 58 Hhds. Molasses 36 Boxes White Sugars 24 Do. Brown This day landing jrom on beard THE SCHOONER Phoenix At Sims''s wharf AND FOR SALE BY SAMUEL RHOADS, <Vo. 1, Perm Street. ' To be Let, THOSE Large and comm»dbu9, Sellers undA the Universal Church, in Luaibard, between 4th and jth itrtcts, Lately occupied by Mr. Johin Savage and Co. Hi quire of John Vsnefs North East Corner of Walnut in water St, 01 si. How«!l No. 14 North 6th Street* Nov. 13, diw AUGSBURGH, Sept. 4 STUTGARU, Sept. 5. praguk, Sept. 5. By this Day's Mail ALBANY, November n. By his Excellency JOHN J AY, Go vcrnor of the State of New-York. A PROCLAMATION. WHEREAS the two Houses of the Le gislature of this State now in iaifion, have duly nominated and appointed Elettors in this State for the ele&ion of h Prcfident and Vice-Preiident of the United States of A merica, whereof notice will be immediately sent to each of theaiibj rjeprefs. But as by reason of accidents either to some of tfic ex prefles or to the letters committed to their care, it" may lb happen, that every of the laid Electors may not receive his notice in due season—l therefore think it proper by this Proclamation to make it known, that Isaac Ledyard of the county of Queens, Anthony Lispenard of the city and county of New- York, Pierre Van Cortlandt, jun. of the county of Weftchelter, James Hurt of the county of Orange, GilbertLivingston of the county of Dutchefs, Thomas Jenkins and Peter Van Ness of the couNty of Columbia, Robert Ellis of the county of Saratoga, John Woodiuorth of the county of Renfle laer, Jeremiah Van Rensselaer of the city and county of Albany, Jacob Eaker of the county of Montgomery, and William Floyd of the county of Suffolk, are the Ele&orsin this State, nominatrd and appointed, as be forementioned, for the Ele&ion of Pretideut and Vice-Pr fiilent of the United States o.f America. And therefore that it will be proper for all of them to attend and do that business at the time and place fixed by law, even in cafe the notices sent by expres ses should not come to the hands of every of them in due time. Given under my hand and the Privy Seal of the State, at the city of Albany the 7th day of November, one thousand eight hundred. Legijlature of Neiv Fork. SATURDAY, Nov. 8. Answer of the Aflembly, to the Speech of his Ex. the Governor. To His Ex. John Jay, Esq. Governor of of the State of New-York. SIR, WE are sensibly imprefled with the im portance of the business that has occasion ed the convening the legislature at this time : and we shall steadily pursue that temperate line of conduit which is equally removed from a dangerous spirit of innova tion and a ilavilh adherance to cuftomaiy farms. We contemplate with high fatisfaftion the growing prosperity of our country, and acknowledge with gratitude the diftin gui(heel favours of Providence towards us. The d.ff rent class s of public expendi tures which demand more order and econ omy, shall receive due attention. The ex traordinary expences of the counties and towns under the manner in which they are at present incurred, liquidated and conduct ed, evince that the fyltem is defedlive and require! legifluive interference. But not withstanding any d feft, we lament that in- Itances have occurred where the boards of fupsrvifors have disregarded statutes con llitutionslly enadled ; and we trust that your Excellency on whom the conllitution has enjoined the important duty of feeing that the laws are faithfully executed, has taken effectual mealures to bring all such offenders to exemplary punishment. The amelioration of our present system of taxation will command our attention, and we hope by our deliberation thereon to confirm the public confidence repol'ed ; in tho- legislature. Being firmly imprefled with a belief that it is eflentiat to the duration of civil liberty, and the well being of a free people, that the several departments aod officerc of their government do on all occasions ftridtly ob serve the conflitutional powers committed to them, your communication relative to the interferrence of the legislature, 111 indi vidual cases, by private afts to control the lawful operations of wills and defTcnts, re quires our candid consideration. That it is the duty of every free and virtuous government to countenance and encoiliage morality and religion, is a truth which cannot be denied ; yet how far le gislative interference in aid of divine wor pifh contributes to the advancement of true religion, is a queflien which merits the mod deliberate and serious reflection. The inconveniencies anticipated from cer tain parts of our constitution, claim our at tention. Such further communications, Sir, as you shall tljink proper to make to us, shall re ceive our mature deliberations. And keep ing conflantly in view the true interelt of our Eonflituents, we shall cheerfully co-ope rate with your excellency in every measure calculated to advance this important end, and nothing on our part shall be wanting to promote the utinofl harmony. By order of the AfTembly, SAMUEL OSGOOD, Speaker. AfTembly chamber, Nov. 8, 1800. His Excellency's Reply. Gentlemen, IT gives me pleature to be afiWed that the several r.:atters recommended to your consideration, will receive the attention due to their importance ; nor am I lei's gratified Ry your suggesting, that difobedieuce to the Laws (hould meet with exemplary punilh nient. Experience ftiews that a patriotic disposition in the Legislature to encourage and support the Executive in fulfilling that duty, is not unimportant to the uuinter rupted admiiaflration of juflice and the' maintenance of good order. Nothing Certainly can more 'conduce to ft-curc to the State the benefits resulting from co-operation and harmony between the departments of the Government, than that the true interests of our constituents be eon ftantly kept in view ; this sentiment cannot be too strongly impressed on our minds, nor too uniformly animate our endeavors to pro mote the peace and prosperity of our coun try. JOHN JAY. The refpedWul Answer of the Senate of the State «f Ncvf-York, to the speech of his Excellency John Jay, Esq. Governor of the said State. ImprefTed with considerationS,. arising from consequences conneiled with the Elec tion of a Firfl Magistrate of the United States, we are fenlible of its importance and we trull that the business will be conduced with that temper and moderation which be come the Representatives of a free and en lightened People, and 'that no difference of sentiment, springing from tins or any other fnurce, will tend to interrupt the public tranquility, or in the nod remote degree affeft the political exigence of the Nation. With a proper sense of gratitude, for the continuance of the blessings of Providence, to our happy Country, our duty, co-inci ding with inclination, will prompt us to adopt such measures as may conduce to pre serve and advance the welfare of the State ; and in puifuing this end will lead us to con cur in such improvements in our affairs as may be expedient. With this ohjedl in view, we receive with attention the suggestions of your Ex cellency refpeiYing County Expenditure* ; the imperfefjions in our present fyitem of Taxation ; the interference by aiXs of the Legislature, in controling the operation of wills and delcents ; the flatute enabling Religious Societies to become Corporations as fct relates to the adequate support of Mi nisters of the Gofpcl ; and the propriety of a provision for rtftnfting the number of Senators and R-prefentatives. We reciprocate the alTurances offered fey your Excellency, and consider the general tenor of your administration as the firmeft pledge, for your co-operation in measures, which will render the session beneficial to the Hate and agreeable to ourselves. By order of the Senate, Stephen Van Rensselaer, President. Senate Chamber Nov. 8, 1800. JOHN JAY. To which his Excellency was pi' a fed to make the following' reply. Gentlemen, Acctpt my thanks for this address. When I confiuer the political fluctuations which distress so many other countries, I become imprefled with a flrong sense of the importence of (lability in our public council* : it is an agreeable circumftancc that the con flitution ot the state has not been r»*gardlefs of this objeft, and that the great and re speCtable body of citiaens whom you repre sent, and to whom it is particularly interelW ing, have much to expeft from yuur ftedfaft attcntisn and adherence to it. Whether my administration merits the approbation with which you have frequently honoured it, is not for me to fay— but I cannot omit this eccafion of obfcrvmg, that I fliall carry with me into private life, the pleasure of recolletting the marks of confi dence I have received from my fellow citi lens, and alio the pleasure of reflecting that Ihave fervedthem faithfully—My bell * idles for the happiness of our country will not ceale or abate, and the molt fervent of those willies will be, that the high degree ol liber ty and prosperity we enjoy under our pre sent government, may be so filled and enjoy ed, as not to iucur the displeasure of the Great Sovereign of Nations, wko remem bers though men too aften forget, that li berty and prosperity are of his gift and bounty. At a meeting of the Council of appointment on the 29th ult. His Excellency Governor Jay laid before the hoard, a number of affidavits, Hating that William Eauehiw, Esq. an as sistant justice and-juftice of paace for the county of WeS CheOer, residing in the town of Poun dridge, had, at a town meeting there held, admitted non-resident freeholders to vete. These affidavits were referred to the attorney general, who, on the third iriftant, reported it as his opinion (which is founded on the 2d fe&ion of the sift for the more orderly holding town meet ings) " that freeholders and others, refidiug out of the town, have not, by law, a right to vote at town meetings ; and that the votes of persons of such description, ought to be rejeislei as illegal." It was then resolved, that this opi nion be agreed to, and that thejuftices of Poua« dridge be advicei thereof- SAVANNAH, Oftober ji. A gentleman from St. Mary's informs lis, that Bowles and his adherents, confining only of 16 renegados white and black men, wire lately driven from their encampment above Cqlersine and obligrd to swim aciofs the river, by a party of militia from thxt neighbourhood. One negro, who was. in the camp was made prisoner. BALTIMORE Nov. 15. The extraordinary method which the ft ate of TennelTee had adopted to appoint prefix dential elettors, renders it very difficult to anticipate the result of the elctlion in that Hate. The lrgiflature, which meet but <iiice in two years, after dividing the state into three uillrift, have appointed three men in each county, who aie to form a convention in each diitriA, for the choice of an eletlor. Wafliington county. Kerfhner 82®. Williams 644.. The latter is the federal candidate, Alle ghany belongs to this dillrift, and will p;c bably give the federal ids a majority. JOHN JAY.