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THE SCKAXTOV TTlTBTTXTJ-TrESDAY MOANING. AFRIT. IT. !84.
J' TiA'i- -H-ffy. CHAPTER XVI. While JueKson was preying on to join lte roust or his cavalry was at .jched mihI lift i" ths valley. The Sheii- ' Midouli gum lis. wmai DM oroppsil CM titio whtx traatfUTw) to thy cavalry, were u pottioo ol Imbodeu's command. The Federals poured into the Boensn llOat) and I. may from thy north and le-t-.ipturcd everything end pteMed tho ( Vuft'derates slowly back to Staunton, i Neither side was strom; enough to poa- MM ind hold tho valley. The Confnl- rate occupation defended one of tho rt ndi to Richmond. Federal ocou V itiyn defended cue of the roads to Washington. Than wan jwynMng and milling and clashing ot sabers, but noth ing Uka a general battle rseulted, Both coinuumders had been instructed to avoid thin aud Watch tiif might move ments developing elsewhere. What is a battlt like a battla in which 10.000 men tall in their tracks to die with the roar of the gnus still sounding in their ears aud a many moie lit thai jtjt. eraVir?i:!i: and groaning and praying with the pain of thur wounds! McClellon was on both sides of the Chli'kabomiDy, with tho spires ot Richmond in view. His front was miles lou and defeuded by ririe pits, earthworks, felled tree and nat ural obstruct ton. More than 100,000 b'ederals faced Lee tt ilttie. Be hiud them rtN camps and wagon trains and held hospitals and supplies cumber ing the ground for mlltS and miies. McCletlnn wus about to attack. He even Wilting his order when Lee a;, utxia tils wi'i; at Mecnaiue'sviiie. That'was a feint. The right at Meadow Bridge, directly in front of his ceutc-r. was a piece of strategy. The assault upon his wing at Quid Harbor was meant tj anuinilate him. The battle ground wae made up of swamps, cleared tiolds. patches of forest, timber covered bills and old rieids glQWI up to bushes aud b:itrs. McOellau had two and three lines of earthworks hen5, and here his guns were planted as thickly as men could work them. LongatMOt and Hill attacked here. They know the strength ; of the position ; they had counted the odds. There was no skirmishing, no watting. Ou a front three miles long the Confederates suddenly appeared and ' roahed forward to the attack. Had they numbered Bee times as many they would have been beaten back. They were Itpaleed agaiu and again by the . tire which seemed to burn them !( tho face of the earth, lint those who lived CUM back again more desperate than betore. Only their leaders knew why this terribly sacrifice was being offered np to tnegod of war. Lc'e had planned with Jackson. Jackson had left the val ley by way of Erown's gap to fall upon llcCIallan'a rJank at Cold Harbor. The lacriBct in front was to give Jackswu time and to ma.-ik his movement. And to Longstrect and Hill advanced gain and again to the sscrlflcs until their dead and wounded outnumbered the living. The titcrnoon san was sink ing lower and lower. By and by it was only an hour high, 't hen the rear of battle along the front suddenly ceased. Hod the remnants of regiments and brigades become panic strickeu at the awful waste of life and tied from too field.' Had they sullenly refused to obey orders to advance again? Had Lee given up ail hope of success and with drawn from that front:' For live min utes icarcaly a musket was discharged. Then from the heavy forest directly on the flank of the position Jackson ap peared. The flank of an army is its weak spot. Even if attacked in the rear it can face about and tight with hope of success, but if the flank gives way disaster follows. Jackson's coming was a surprise. His attack was as sudden as the stroke of a bell. It dumfounded and dismayed the Federal flank, but only for a few minutes. McClellftn was not far away. He had fathomed Lee's plans and discovered his true object. The flank gave back until it had a front of a mile long, and then it halted and battled to save that vreat army. What was to be done must be done right than. Re-enforcements were ordered up, guns advanced, and for an hon: tbjflfl was such fighting as war iiad never Ultima il before. On the Federal flank Wersswomp and firest aud tangled thicket. Lngineers had said that the nature of the ground i rotectud this flank. Wading through swamps defp with ooze, bursting through thickets which caught off their caps and left their jackets in rugs, ad vancing their lines amid the thick fofe'jts, Jack-on s men rushed to the at tack. Time and time again the lines WON repulsed, but fresh troops poured out of the woods to take the place of tho dead and wounded, and the battle ;:iiw more vindictive and murderous. There is a key to every battlefield. There is ahvnys a key within n key. Cold Harbor wns the key of this grei.t held of slaughter. The expand flank v. r the key within the key. Jackson raid count his deed by (he thousand. His entile lon e was up. and he had harged nr.d stormed and battered in 'ain. The ining of night does not always end n battle, but a- darkness shuts down the combatants ftse their desperation ind become more wary of each Other, fidngtr, thirst and fatigue begin to tell. As the tire of artillery and musketry Blackens tho cries of tho wounded ore heard, and those who have escaped un hurt begin to estimate the losses. If Jackson could not break that flank be tore uight shut down, then his sacrifices had been iu vain. Then the thousands of dead and wounded belonging to l.ungstreet und Hill had simply been led to slaughter. An older was sent to Oennral Hood, whose brigade of Texans had been held in reservo for an emer gency. Hood placed himself ut the head of his 4.000 men and dashed forward. They had to traverse a swump and than cross an open space on which tho dnud already lay touching each other. The Texans had only begun their forward movement when every piece of artillery COSTSiGrfTtD HM Si AMtOlCM, pn5.S ASSOCIATION. and every musket on that flank wns turned upon them. With yells of defi ance they rushed torward. The skele tons ot men struck dowuiu that swamp were dug out years afterward us burial panics sougiit for thy dead of ths war. Wounded men fell into the pools of black water or floundered about in the ooze, but thoSS unhurt used thuiu for stepping stout's. Nothing could check that rash, tirupe and canister and bullet killed aud wonnded 9,000 men, but ths other 9,000 swept forward, dashed over the earth work and were driven like a wedge Into the Federal flank. It was the ch urns. Bcuteu but not panic stricken, the men in blue Ml back step by step, tigbtiug over every fool of the ground, ind at length they rested on a new lino. McClellan alone kuew that he was beaten. He alone realized whut would result. That graft army, only a portion of Which had been driven, must retreat to a new tins and a new base of supplies. Jackson's culling from the t""rtV placing bimsell on the Dank bad imperiled the fats of the nation. Like the strategist ho was. MoClslUn assumed much. concealed much. While he brought up fresh troops to he Id the victorious enemy at bay he issued orders for retreat. Foi w ! and Weeks stores had been accumulating iu rear of that grand army. Then were thousands of beef cattle, tram loads of bacon, rice, nit, beans and other eatables. Thousands 0l spare tents had come forward, thou sands of blanket, uniforms, ihoen, mus kets and other supplies. Boxes of hard tack were piled up 10 feet high for miies and milts. Burrels of flour, cov ered wi;h tarpaulins, shut out some of aekson'i msn ntshsd to thtattcuUti the camps from sight of the highways. Here and there in forest aud field were great heaps of forage for the animals, and here and there great hear s of fixed ammunition tor cannon or musket. There was the value of millions of dol lars lying about, and nearly all must be sacrificed. Withdrawal meant re treat. Retreat meant that Lee und Jackson would assume tho aggressive and seek to utterly annihilate the Fed- ..-.I BfMNMI e.-al arinv The work of destruction began almost before the cheers of Hood's Touns had died away. Whole regiments were de tailed for ths Work. The cattle conld be drive uway. A part of the rnot valuable stores conld be hRiiIed off. It is a rule of war to leave nothing behind in retreat to benefit your enemy. He is often left tiie dead and wounded to em barrass him. The soldiers were ordered to destroy, and they seemingly took de light In obeying. The heaps of flour. eut and clothing weie given up to tho flames, and as the bsavensTWsre lighted by the midnight tires people on the bonse roofs in Richmond believed tha green forests to be fiercely blazing. Never bad a general more tosacrilice that be might be stripped for light, never was the hand of destruction more mthleaely applied. A night was Dot sufficient. AH next day while those in battle line held the enemy at bay tliou "aud of men were burning and destroy ing. 'When the Confederates marched over the ground, they were appalled nt the sacrifices made. Wbtu the last heap of forage had been given up to the flames. McClellan was icady. His Maes were abandoned, and his army was in retreat, hut there was po panic. Lee and Jackson Were ready to follow. They hoped to find a fleeing mob. but when ever they attacked it was to be beaten back by men as valiant as Napoleon ever saw turn at buy. Mi ! by mile they retreated, pansing nuw and then for a Bom grapple in which they could justly claim n victory, ami at last ths James was reached, und the army had ; been saved. What of the dead and ; wounded? Nctbing. They tigtire in ths ! reports of battles only us figures. CHAPTER XVII. Not one soldier iu a hundred more thnn catches a glimpse of a battlefield. i(e seldom aces what takes pluce outside ! of bis iiwii regiment. Whun two great ; armies grapple, thev must huvu room. , The front nmy be three, four, five or six I miles long. The lines of battle run : across OpSB fields, throngh the woods, lover bills, across highwuys, throngh I orchards. As loon as the tiring begins I tbs smoke t;hnts in the vision to the nrh! and left, Troops amy stand or lie ; down, bavu tho cover of n breastwork i or none at nil. Tbsy may i bargo or be , charged, gain gtound or be driven btck ; to a new line. However the battle goes. , tho soldier sees only vbat takes placo ' in his immediute front. And how the opening of a buttle i chuuges the uutuiH of u man I While I he is waiting for it to hpgin every nervo i is strung to its utmost. He may be it bravo iiihd, but in tbut hour of waiting ''' "'' " il. hlu,f,f!f- ,Ju trerublt-s. He doubts himself. Ho turns pule, and his knees grew weak. He would run sway but tor his pride. It Is pride and not coui'iige that holds him iu h i plac-. He may he a man who has never uttered nu oath in the heating of his comrades- -a mas of Christian principles. A minute nf'.ur the firing liegins all tho wicked ness born in his son. begins to betray Itself. lie shouts and raws and curses. His fucial expression is so changed that his own brother coald not identify h.'in, For ttie time being hi' ip a madman a devil, Ho cries: Kill! Kill! Kill!" even though In his excitement be fins among the true tops or ill the clouds. This is tho excitement which numbs all feeling iu BOiUS men when wounded, and they (iyht on until they happen to catch sight of their own blood and then sink helplessly down, it is a sort of nightman in which U0 mag can bo held responsible for bis words, and In which M one notes tho flight of time. To some un hour stems a day. To others tho sun ptisscs from the noonday maik to tho edge of the horizon so swiftly that tttey are timiized. For half u day Lee 's whole array had hurled itself against the Federal line;. Every foot ot ground on that long front hud drunk blood. Thy linu was brokwu only hi erne place, but that Was fatal. There ihe fight continued to rage until long after nightfall, but at lust it giad uuliy disdawsy, and a solemn hush (ell upon the bloody field. One muy con- qust uud yet be so&sw.tanquisbed that lis has no strength ioi another blow; Bo it wns with Juckson. He hud brokeu the Federal line, bul he could not fol lOW Up his advantage, liven if night had not come hp must reorganise his battered commands, replenish his am munition ami permit tho WOtHOUt men food uud sleep. A battle decs not cease at once, it is au hour or moro in dying away. There is a sputtering arid growling here uud there, and men give up their work of ileum grudgingly . At lust a hush comes. It is absolute to the men who havu been deafened by tho loar for hours und hours. It is a blessed relief, but they look at each other iu uliirm. The very stillness Uight ins tlieiu. They have seen dead and wounded 1000 before them, to tho light or left, iu rear, tor hours, but baVS scarcely given them a thought. NoW when the hush comes the freniy gradually goes uwuy, and ttiey stand appalled at tho slaughter. Tho hush does not last long, ll is bro ken by the cries uf the WOUUded- by men who have suffered pain and thirst and fear for letig hours. There is nothing known to living man which oon be com pared to these dies rising fiuui a field of slaughter us night comts down. Men who have siiffeied and made no outcry While daylight lasted now seem to bu SOixod with a tear of the darktuss. Men who seemed to have been struck dcml are revived by the fulling dew to plead for life. Souie call uiit in qnuveriiig voices, like children when in the dark ntss. Some curse; somo pray; some re vile. Here and there i lie, realizing that he is wounded unto death aud that help will come too late, maintains silence. With an effort which stin ts Iho red blued Bfresb, he carries his hand to tho pocket iu which lies n photograph of sweet heart or a last letter from (he wife at home, and the burial party finds his dead fingers clutching the relic und his glazed eyes listened upon it his last glimpse Of thius mortal. The full horroi of a battlefield is re alized only at night. While darkness ehuts out a thousand horrible sights, it yet adds to the horrors. Here und there parties searching for some officer, dead or wounded, move about with lanteui or torch to guide them. They step over the dead. They tread upon hands and arms outstretched. They slip and stag ger on the spots cf earth wet with blocd. Tne wounded hear and see them moving about, and they call out with renewed strength for succor. A wounded horse who has been lying down iu a pool of blood sees ths light approaching, and there is something human in bis whirn ! 1 fl - 1 1 J l ,:,, periugs. Ho pleads and coons. V ltti a great effort hu gains his feet and hob bles along aud utt-rs his pleadings and reproaches. Unthis battlefield of Cold Harbor art nine or ten thousand deud men. ten ot twelve thousand wounded. The lhing and unhurt are exhausted with the day's truggls, and tiie wounded must lis through ths night. There are 110 search ing parties abroad, no details to give succor, From forest and thicket and field the tiica of the stricken continue bom alter hour, but thty cry in va 0, In tho swamp over which Hood charged wounded men lap the water thick With mud and slime. They struggle as they sink slowly into the ooze, struggle und shout and pray, but dig theii own graves, as it were, and some of their blackened bones ate there today. Here, win io ths brigades of Hill moved oven the open ground to charge tiie troops of Seymour und Reynolds, the dead lie thicker than they will in the strcts ut Frcdricksl.tirg or on tbo ilopsi at Ut tysbursr. Thete are my wounded ut least no voices cry out to us through tho dsiknSSS. Here the Federals had :IU pieces of artillery posted to command the approach, uud as the Coufedotates advanced the slaughter was something terrible. Sixteen hundred und eighty lead men lib litre in this open spot of .Ive acres. They were struck down by round shot, by bursting shsil and by grape and canister. There arc bodies without Leads, bodln without inuis, bodies which are but fragments. VVbi tho burial pally reuches this Spot to morrow, they will numo it "Tht Butch er Fen,'' and thut name will cling to it foreveruiure. Napoleon would have said that no Hoops in the world could havu been advanced under thut awful lire, bat from 4 o'clock toiandoWO the Con federates charged again and again, leav ing their deud nearer eurthwork and breastwork each time. Here, where Portst massed HU guns nt Alexander's Hridge in the vain DOPS of saving the center, the dead cannot be gathered and buried for days. They an not corpses, bat fragments nt corpses. Arms and legs will be found amid the branches of trees, and bands and feci and pieces of lle.sh and bloody buies MUSl lie raked upas if it were a bayfleld. Here, where J euerul Cooke- With his cav lry charged one of Longit rest's divi sions und was broki . and shuttered and routed within live minutes. 800 botseS cover twi lucres id ground. Among UlSlU are 80U dead and Wdnndsd troopers. It was (I gallant charge, but it was made iu vain. Even by noonday no man can pass over that field without staining bis boots with blood, If con) grows hero in after fOOM when men shnll bu at peace, it will grow rank and tall, and tho rustle of the stalks in tho summer wind (dill sound liko a chant inumuiuiy of the dead. It is midnight. McClellan is moving quietly to the roar, tho Confederates along his front watching, waiting, Slssping. The wounded have rdniost ceased tornll out. Tho faces of tbedead have been made whiter and more ghast ly by the bath of dSW, Aud now the Tiicy kneel bssld the dead and itafofl taeh pocket, ghonl steals uwuy from tbs dying camp- Are into tho darkness and skulks aud creeps and crawls about in search of plunder. Every inuiy bus its huuum hyenas. They may have fought brave ly during the bl'.ttle, but us night falls atid men MOM their work of killing the ghoulish instinct cannot be resisted. They kneel beside the dead and March each pocket. Their knees feel the earth wet with blood, but they do not shrink. Their bonds touch gaping wounds und are smeured with blued, but there is no disgust. Whatever plunder they secure is blood stained, but ou the morrow they will wash uway thsStsiOS, "Here this way -for God's sake give me wotsi!" it is a wounded moo who bus heard the ghoul moving about. No mutter whether ho is a friend oi foe, ho muy yield plunder. Thu ghoul bends over bim and begins a search. Thy wound ed man may quietly submit, hoping ut least tobemwarded with water enough to UOiften his parched tongue uud burn ing throat, if so, he is spared. If not, strong fingers seize his throat uud fasten there until he is dead, or his own buy oust muy be driven into his heart. And when the summer sun comes up again a hundred burial parties will be scattered along this front, and a thou sand men will be busy digging the long trenches into which the deud are to be heaped. Then Will lie no time wasted. The dead will be picked up us fast us possible and dragged or carried to thy trenches. No one will ask their names, no one search .their ioekets. Side by side, like slicks of wood, heads all one way, and then a covering of dirt is ba grudgingly given. Years later the trenches hidden by brier and bush will be opened, und the bones lifted ont to be carried to the spot where a single monument must SerVS to cheiieh the memory of thousands. TV BF. C'JMIM'K!). , HaittiKormo Complexion I Is o.-.e of the xieeteil cliurii'S u Wunun am I IpObSUilH l'OIJJNI .l eVllfU.IluN hullUUV. 1 Iftlvej i . Atlantic Refining Co. Mmaifucturera ui.J Deulrj ui Ulamlnating and Lubricating OILS Linseed Oil. Napthas nnd G.iso lines of all grade. 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