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HE SCIfJLNTOtf TRTBTJifE S ATTTRD AT MORNING, TEBRTJAEY 2, 1895.
ft The Os? and Abuse 7 of. Great Wealth Parts of an Able Lecture Delivered .by Andrew Carnegie. POVERTY IS . NO DISCREDIT The" Greatest Disgrace of All Is for Man 'to Die with His Riches Undistributed. Common Sense Opinions About Wealth. . Below are portions of an instructive address on' "Wealth ansd Its Uses" recently .delivered before 'the pupils of Union college, at Schenectudy. N. Y., ly Andrew Carnegie. Mr. Carnegie eaid: "It 1 'the fashion nowadays to bewail poverty as an evil, to pity the young1' man' .who Is not born with a silver apuiuv In his mouth; but I hearti ly subscribe-to President G-arlleldi's doc trine tha t "The richest heritage a young man can horn tails poverty.' I make no ldla'piilctlon",When I say that it Is from that clai among you from whom itbV 'good And the great will Boring, and 'that '- the reputation of Union college In thei'future is to be not only tnulutained but enhanced. It Is not from the sons of 'the millionaire or the noble ithat the .world receives Its (teacher, its .martyrs, its inventors, Its statesmen, its poets or even its men of affairs. It Is from the cottage of ithe poor 'that all these spring. We can scarcely recall one among the few Im mortal names 'that were not born to die, or who has 2-endered exceptional service to our race, who had not the advantage of being cradled, nursed and reartfd in tire stimulating school of poverty. There Is nothftig so enervat ing, nothing so deadly in Ha effects upon the qualities whiuh lead to the highest achievement, moral or intellec tual, as hereditary wealth! And If there be among you a young man who feels itha.t he It not compelled to exert himself In order to earn and live from Ills oivn efforts, I 'tender him my pro found sympathy. Should such a one prove an exception to his fellows and become a citizen .living a life creditable to himself and useful to the state, In stead of my piofund sympathy I bow before him with profound reverence; for one who overcomes the seductive temptations which surround -hereditary wealth Is of the -salt of the earth and entitled to double honor. One gets a great many good things from the New York Sun, the distinguished proprietor and editor of which you had recently the pleasure, -benefit and honor of hear ing. I beg to read this to you as one of its numerous rays of light: Dana on "Our Iloys." Kvery moralist hard up. for a theme asks at Intervals: What is the matter with the suns of our rich and great men'.' The question Is followed by statistics con cerning the wickedness and bad endings of such sons. The trouble with the moral ists Is that they put the question wrong end tirst. There is nothing wrong with those foolish sons, except that they aro unlucky. But there Is something alto gether wrong with their fathers. Suppose that a tine specimen of an old deerhoiind, very successful In his busi ness, should collect untold deer In a purk, fatten fhem up, and then say to his pup pies, "Here, boys, I've had a hard life catching these deer, and I 'mean to see you enjoy yourselves. I'm, so used to racing through tho woods and. bunting that 1 can't get out of the habit, but you boys Just pile into that . park and help yourselves."' Such a deerhound as that would be scorned by every human father. The human father would say to such a dog, "Mr. Hound, you're simply ruining those puppies. Too much meat and no ex ercise will give mem me mange ami sev enteen other troubles, ur0 If distemper doesn't kill them -they will be a knock kneed, watery-eyed lot of disgraces to you. For heaven's sake keep them down to dog biscuit and work them hard." That same human father does with great pride the very thing that he would con demn in a dog or a cat. He ruins his chil dren, and then when he gets old profusely and sudly-observes that he has done ev erything for them, and yet they have dis appointed him. The man who gives to his son an ottlce which he- has not de served and enables him to disgrace his father nd friends deserves no more sym pathy than, any Mr. Fagin deliberately educating a boy to be dishonest. . . The fat, useless pug dogs which young women drag wheezing about at the end of strings ar hot to blame for their condi tion, and the same thing is true of rich men's sons. The young women who over feed the dogs and the father who ruin the Bons have themselves to thank. No man would advocate the thing, . perhnps, but who could doubt that If there could be, a law making it Impossible for a man to in herit any thing but a good education end a good constitution It would supply tis In short order with a better lot of men. "It Is not the poor man who goes forth to his work in. the morning and labors until evening that we should pity. It Jvthejtqn of. the rich man, whom Provi dence has riot been so kind as to, trust with this honorable task.- It Is not the husy.jnan but the man of Idleness who should arouse our sympathy and cause us sorrow. 'Happy Is the man who has found his work.' savs Carlvle. I sav. ; happy Is the man who has to -work, and to work hard, and to -work long. A great poet (hag said, 'He prayeMi best who loveth best. Some day this may be parodied into 'He prayeth beat who 'worketh best." An honest day's work veil performed is not a bud sort of prayer. Wealth ncing Distributed. I'The'prln'clpal complaint against 'our industrial conditions of today Is that these cause great wealth to flow Into the hands of the few. Wel'l, of the very few, indeed, Is this true. It was form erly so,'- as I have explained. Imme diately after the new Inventions had changed the conditions of the world. Today 1t is not true.' Wealth is being more and more distributed among the many. The amount of the combined ' profits of labor and capital which goes to labor was never so great as today, the amount going to' capital never so small. While the earnings of capital have fallen more than one-half, in many cases have been entirely obliter ated, statistics prove that the earnings tpf labor were never-.BO- high- as they -were previous to the recent unprere- dented depression in business, while the eost of living, the necessaries of life tiave fallen in some cases nearly one- bnlf. Great Britain has an Income tax. nd our own country Is to be subject to this Imposition for a time. The Ilrltlsh returns show that during eleven years, fnom 1876 to 1887, the number of men receiving from $7f.O to $2,D00 per yenr , increased more than 21 por cent., While ne number .receiving from 15,000 to !5, COO actually decreased ZVk per cent. . ' . "Toft, rnny be sure, gentlemen;' that the question of -the distribution of wealth is settling. Itself rapidly under presettt'Mrtidltlons; and settling itself in the.Tignt condition.- The few rich ic i"'' uiiu ine Tuning masses are gutting richer. A few ex ceptlonal ,men rrtay yet make fortunes, t -these 'Will- be more moderate than in the past. This may not be quite as fortunate for the ma Bscs of the peo pie as is now believed, because great accumulations of wealth in the hands of one enterprising man who still tolls on are sometimes most productive of all the forms of wealth. Take the richest man the world ever saw, who died in New York some years -ago. What was found in his case? Why, that with the exception of a small percentage' used for daily expenses his entire fortune and all its surplus earning were in vested lit enterprises which developed the railway system of our country, which gives to tho people tha cheapest transportation known. Whether the millionaire wishes it or not he cannot evade the law which under present conditions compels him to use his mil lions for the good of the people. The Millionaire's Small Share. "All that he gets during the few years of his life is that he may life in a finer house, surround himself twlth finer furniture and work9 of art which may be added; he could even have a grander library, mow of the gods around him; but us far as I have known millionaires, the library is the least used part of what he would probably consider 'furniture' in all his mansion. He can eat richer food and drink richer wines, which only hurt him. But, truly, the modern millionaire Is generally a man of very simple tastes and even miserly habits. He spends little upon himself, and Is the toiling bee laying up the honey In the Industrial hive, which all the inmates of that hive, the commun ity In general, will certainly enjoy. Here Is the true description of the mil lionaire as given 'by Mr. Carter in his remarkable speech before the Bering sea tribunal at Paris: "Thoso who aro most successful In the acquisition of property, mid who acquire it to such an enormous extent, are the very men who are able to control it, to Invest it and to handle In the wuy moHt useful to society. It Is because they have those qualities that they ure able to engross it to so large an extent. They reully own, In any Just sense of the word, only what they consume. The rest Is all held for the benellt of the public. They are the custodians of it. They Invest It; they see that It is put into this employment, that employment, another employment. All liibor Is employed by It, and employed In the best manner; and It is thus made the most productive. Theso men who ac quire these hundreds of millions are really groaning under a. servitude to the rest of society; for that Is practically their con dition. And society really endures It be cause It Is best for them that It should be so." "Here Is another estimate by w no less remarkable man, Your friend, Mr. Dana, has Just said at Cornell the other day: "That Is one class of men that I refer to as benefactors, the thinkers, the men of science, the Inventors, and tho other class is that of those whom God has endowed with a genius for saving, for getting rich, for bringing wealth. .together, for accumu lating und concentrating money, men against whom It is now claim, and Jralnst w sometimes d. eted. Al benefactor ot lumanlty khionable to de ll legislation Is Let is there any ho Is to be en vied In his achievements and In the mem ory and the monuments he has left be hind him, more than Ezra Cornell? Or. to take another example that Is here before our eyes, morethan Henry W. Sage? These are men who knew how to get rich, be cause they had been endowed with that faculty, and when they had got rich they knew how to give It for great public en terprtaes, for uses that will remain living, Immortul us long as man remains upon the earth. The men of genius and the men of money, those who prepare new agencies ot Mfe, and those who accumulate and save the 'noney for great enterprises and great public works, these are the pe culiar and the Inestimable leaders of tho world, as the twentieth century is opening to us." "The bees of a hive do not destroy the honey-making bees but the drones.' It would be a great mistake for the com munity to shoot the millionaires, for they are the bees that make the most honey and contribute most to the hive even after they have gorged themselves full. The millionaire who tolls on Is the cheapest article which the community secures at the iprlce It pays for him, namely, his shelter, clothing and food. Necessary Concentration. "The Inventions of today lead to con centrating industrial and commercial affairs Into huge concerns. You cannot work; tha Bessemer process successfully without employing thousands of men upon one spot. You could not make the armor for 'without first ex pending $7,000,000, the Bethlehem company has spent. You cannot make a yard of cotton goods in competition with the world without having an im mense factory and thousands of men and women aiding In the process. The great electrical establishment here in your town succeeds because It has spent millions, and is prepared to do its work upon a great scale. Under such condi tions it Is impossible but that wealth will flow Into the hands of a few men in prosperous times beyond their needs. "But assuming that surplus wealth flows Into the hands of a few men, what Is their duty? How Is the strug gle for dollars to be lifted from the sordid atmosphere surrounding busi ness and made a noble career? Now, wealth has hitherto been distributed In three ways, the first and chler r.t which is by willing It at the death to the family. Now, beyond bequeathing to those dependent upon one the rev enuo needful for modest and indepen dent living, is such a use of wealth filther right or wise? I ask you to think over the result, as a-rule, of mil lions given over to young men and women, the sons and daughters of the millionaire. You will find as a rule it Is not good for the daughters, and this is wen In the character and conduct of the men who marry them. As for the sons, you have their condition as described in' the extract which I read you from the Sun. Nothing is truer than this, that as a rule the 'almighty dollar bequeathed to sons or daugh ters by millions proves an almighty curse. It is not the good of the child which the millionaire parent considers when he makes these bequests; H is Ms own vanity. It Is not affection for . Cornstarch Cake Cream one and one half cupfuls of sugar with one-half cup ful of butter. Add one-hnlf cupful of milk. Mix one and one-half cupfuls of flour with one-half cupful of cornstarch, and sift one and one-huf tenspoonfuls of baking powder Into It. Then cut and fold Into the cuke the stiffly beaten whites of seven eggs. Flavor to taste, lluko In a moderate oven with steady heat. Swiss Nut Cake. The solid portion of this concoction may lie made by any fa vorite rule for Jelly or layer cuke. Ench householder has her own method. For thn filling, cook. In a double boiler one pint of milk and one cupful of sugar. Make one tablespoonful of cornstarch smooth with two tablenpoonfuls of milk, stir constantly, pour back and let It boll until cooked thick. Now draw back from tho fire, let Urease to ball and beat-In the yolks or three large eggs or four small ones. Let It cook without boiling until It thickens but does not curdle. While It Is cooling prepare a rounded cup ful of hickory nut meals, (butternuts Wo'tld do, but a lens quantity should be used, as - they are rich), saving out tha unbroken halves to use on the top of tho cake. These nuts should not be pounded bi. ground In a smiVl mill which Is made for this end similar purposes. When the j filling is nearly cold, beat in these ground the child! it is self-glorification for the parent which is at the root of this in jurious disposition of wealth. There is only one thing to be said of -this mode; it furnishes one of the most effi cacious means of rapid distribution of wealth every known. "There is a second use of wealth, less common than the first, which ds not Sit injurious to the community, but wliich should bring no credit to the testator. Money Is left by millionaires to public institutions, when they must relax their grasp upon It. There is no grace, and can be no blessing, In giv ing what cannot be' withheld. It is no gift, because it is not cheerfully given, but only granted at the stern summons of death. The miscarriage of these 'bequests, the litigation con nected with them and the manner in which they are frittered away, seem to prove that the fates do not regard thorn with a kindly eye. We are never without a lesson that the only mode of producing lasting good by giving large sums of money is for the millionaire to give as close attention to its distri bution during his life as he did to its acquisition. Peter Cooper, Pratt of Baltimore and Pratt of Brooklyn and othersthese are the type of men who should be taken by you as your model. They distributed their surplus during life. The Proper I'se of Wealth. "The third use of wealth, and the only noble use of surplus wealth, Is this: That It be regarded as a sacred trust to be udmlnlstered by Us possessor. Into whose hunds It flows, for the highest good of the people. Man does not live by bread alone, and G or 10 cents a day more revenues scattered over thousands would produce little or no good. Accu mulated Into a great fund and expended as Mr. Cooper expended It for the Cooper Institute establishes something that will last for generations. It will educate the brain, the splrituul part of man; It furnishes a ladder upon which the aspiring poor may climb, and there Is no use whatever, gentlemen, trying to help people who do not help them selves. You cannot push any one up a ladder unless he be willing to climb a little himself. When you stop boosting he falls to his Injury, Therefore, I have often said, and I now repeat, that the day Is coming, and already we see Its dawn, In which the man who dies pos sessed of millions of available wealth, which was free and In his hands ready to be distributed, will die disgraced. Of course, I do not mean that the man in business may not be stricken down with his capital in the business which cannot be withdrawn, for capital is the tool with which the business man works his wonders and produces more wealth. What I refer to Is the man who dies possessed of millions of Securities which are held simply for the Interest they produce, that he may add to his hoard of miserable dollars. By administering surplus wealth during life great wealth may become a great blessing to the community, and the occupation of the business man accumulating wealth may be elevated so as to rank with any profession; by this way may he take rank even with the physician, one of the highest of all professions, because he, too, In a sense, will be a physician looking after and trying, not to cure, but to prevent the ills of humanity. To those of you who are compelled, or who desire, to follow a business life and to accumulate wealth, I commend this Ideal to you as the only one worthy of young men privileged to call them Belves graduates of Union college. The epitaph which every rich man should wish himself Justly entitled to is that which is seen upon the monument to Pitt: "He lived without ostentation, And he died poor." "Such Is the man whom the future is to honor, while he who dies in old age, retired from business and yet possessed of millions of available wealth. Is to die unwept, unhonored and unsung, Itules for Success in Life. ' "Let me give a few rules founded upon experience as to competence and wealth, and how to win them: First, concentrate your mind and effort upon one pursuit. It does not matter what that pursuit Is eo It be useful and honorable, und be the first authority In that. Of .course, you' have heard the ad vice not to put all your eggs In one bas ket. It Is long since I first told young men to reject that advice and pursue Just the contrary course: "Put all your eggs In one basket and then watch that bas ket." More men fall to win competence and wealth from disregard of this ad vice and from scattering one's shot than from any other one cause. Whenever you see a man who Is director in twenty different companies and Interested In va rious pursuits, put him down as one sure to become a Jack-of-all- trades and master of none. This Is the age of specialization, I have known many men fail, but very few owing to their own business. Gener ally because they have had outside In vestments tn avocations which they did not understand. ., There Is a second rule: You must not be content with simply performing the part assigned to you; you must do something beyond that, and watch your employe's Interest at every point, no matter whether it is your special province or not, and do not hesitate to apprise him promptly of anything that you see In any part of his business which does not commend Itself to your august approval. You have heard: "Obey orders If you break owners.'.' Do not lot the graduates of old Union be so stupid. Break them any time If you aro clear that breaking orders will save owners,- and then go boldly to your employer ami point out to him how foolish he has been In giving such an order. Believe me, the young man who' does not know the business of . his special department much, better than his employer can possibly do has not the elements of the future million aire In him. There Is another good point: Never try to make too good a bargain either for yourself or your employer. Be always fair. Avoid anything like sharp practice. It is a poor bargain when both parties to it are not benefited, and therefore happy at having made It. Every unjust advan tage taken In business, sooner or later, proves a serious disadvantage. Men who 7" nHow Some Very "Choke Cakes Are fladeon meats together with one teaspoonful of Vanilla extract. When: the cake Is cold use this mixture for filling between the layers. Garnish the top with a soft Icing flavored with lemon, and edge It with a beading of the hnlf nuts. Put another row or two of nuts within the outer, If you like, but It will be sufficiently rich without that. No more toothsome cake than this was ever made. Lunch Cake One egg, one cupful of sugar; one cupful of milk, one tablesponn ful of butter, one pint of flour, two ten IKionfuls of baking powder; separate the yolk from the white of the egg, and add the beaten white last, bake In a good oven until a straw can be Inserted and with drawn clean. . ...... -.. ..- . .. .-. ' -.- I.. Swiss Penny . Cake These - appetizing morsels are so named from, their sire, which Is that of a Swiss penny. Into tha whites of five eggs beat one-quarter of a pound of powdered nugar half an hour, so that It if ft. think While cream, beyond the stage. at which. cake Is ordinarily made. Then mix in a 'heaping half-pint ot sifted flour, stirring It lightly and grad ually with the grated yellow peel of a lemon and half Its Juice. If vanilla Is pro furred, use half a teaspoonful In place of lemon. Let the dough rest fifteen min become great millionaires, co-operating as they, must with others, must secure and hold the implicit contldence of their asso ciates and have a reputation as being in all things fair, liberal and considerate; their word must be better than their bond, and-their-desire to do fair and liberal things better than either word or bond. Never speculate. The man who gambles tn stocks In Wall street is not more cul pable than he who gambles, at Monte Carlo, but : he has much less sense, be cause the chances between winning and losing are not as equally divided In New York as at the regular gambling establish ment. The life of the speculator, of course, Is tho llfo of a gamester, and this Is fatal to the development of 'the rea soning and Judging faculties in man. It is a life of Intense excitement, fatal to thought and to study. There are but few Instances of men who have won fortune Upon the exchange. They are up today and down tomorrow, and usually break down in the middle life, shattered wrecks. Those of you who may become New York physicians will soon become acquainted with the lamentable results of stock gambling. Beside this, a. moral consider ation should prevent you. The man who wins the money of others renders no use ful service to his fellows In exchange. All we get should be in return for some ser vice rendered. 1 pray you, avoid specula tion as you would prosper not only In wealth but In health, happiness and honor. It Is Indispensable that the future competence-milker or millionaire should begin to save a portion of his earnings early, no matter how small these earnings may be. It Is a great mistake, gentlemen, to think that good habits and uslllty go unrecog nized at this age. The millionaire employ er Is constantly keeping his eye open JuHt for these qualities in young men. It Is not capltul that he desires, but ability, char acter and good thrifty habits. Begin to lay by a portion of your earnings every month and keep up that hubit, and I should like to insure you at a very low rate ot premium your future millionaire ship. Vou always hear that drinking liquor is the dangerous rock in the puth of the young. This Is true; perhaps the most serious temptation to which a young man is exposed. I never like to preach to young men, knowing that they have sense enough not to like to be preuched at, be sides they have a very wholesome con temp for the man who Is always' telling them to be goody-goody and Who Is not so awfully goody-goody himself. Because 1 have practiced since my youth what I now recommend to you upon the liquor ques tion, you will, I hope, patiently hear me. Tho rule for young men is that It Is too low, too common for him to enter a bar room. He should not drink liquor be tween meals, and, Indeed, when young, It Is better that he should not touch It at all. But I -do not think that any harm can come from adhering to the rule never to go beyond drinking a glass of wine at din ner. I know that the medical profession is generally of the opinion that after you are forty thlB Is not only harmless but benefi cial. Therefore, gentlemen, postpone test ing the truth of this until you are forty or thereabouts. Believe me, young friends, there Is nothing so completely spoils a young man's career as giving way, even once, to intemperance. I have seen this In my 6wn experience over and over again. 1 know cases of several who oocupled high positions, were Intrusted with great responsibilities, their (future promotion certain and partnerships within their easy reach. In one case 1 remember well when the name was mentioned for this one of the partners said that It was his duty to Inform his associates, as Indeed It was, that he knew this young man hod upon a then recent occasion been In low company and hud drowned the Clod-like reason as Casslus did, with the like result. "Never more be olllcer of mine" was the decision of that firm, and the young man never knew why others Were promoted and trusted and he restricted to ordinary duties. Avoid Intemperance If you would rise. "Obedience to these things Is requisite to win competence and wealth." ILL! LEO, Illlleo! The moonlight seemed lost across the vales; The stars bestrewed the azure like an ar mor's scattered scales; The airs of night were quiet as the breath of silken sails, And all your words were sweeter than 'the notes of nightingales. Illlleo Legardl! In the garden there alone, With your figure carved of fervor as, the Psyche carved of stone. There came to me noymunnur ef the foun tain's undertone So mystically, musically mellow as your , . own. You whispered low, Illlleo so low the leaves were mute, And the echoes faltered breathless In your voice's vain pursuit, And there died the distant dalliance ot the serenader's lute, And I held you In my bosom as the husk may hold the fruit. Illlleo, I listened: I believe you! In my bliss. What were all the worlds above me, since I found you thus In this? Let them, reeling, reach to win me even heaven I would miss Grasping earthward I would cling here though I clung by Just a kiss! And I said the stars should slacken In their paces through the past; That blossoms should grow odorless, -and . lilies all aghast. Ere yet my loyalty should faiil enduring to the last So vowed I: It Is written: It Is chango less as the past! -.- Illlleo Legardl! 4n the shade your palace throws Like the cowl about the singer at your gilded porticoes. A moan goes with the music that may vex the high repose pf a heart that fades and crumbles as the crimson of a rose. - James Whltcomb Riley, The Household Pet: There Is Joy In all the household when the tootsy-wootsy youth . .. Becomes the pink possessor of a white Initial tooth; And his spine It seems to stiffen arid to lengthen many yards When he first dons knickerbockers and - his girlish skirts discards; But all his life's initiations seem most dreary dull and flat When sized up with the pride he takes! In his First Silk Hat. Indianapolis Journal. utes; Then brush a largo tin or! sheet with butter and drop on the dough with a teaspoon, making each round no larger than a quarter of a dollar. Uakn In u moderate oven from five to ten minutes. In a close tin they will keep some time. .. Llnzertart Cake Take one-half pound of almonds after they are shelled, one quarter pound of sugar, one-hnlf pound of butter, one-hnlf pound of flour, the grated yellow peel of one lemon, one teaspoonful of ground cinnamon and a scant tea spoonful of baking powder. Cream to gether the sugar and butter, aud add tho almonds, pounded fine, but not blanched. They must be In a very fine paste before they are stirred In. Then mix In the lemon peel, cinnamon and flour. Work and knead the. dough quickly and lightly with fhe hands or it will crumble In plVes od refuse to cohere. - Make in a ba.lV and plate In the center of a cake form halving a detachable rim. The rim Is removed and the dough flattened with a rolling pin until It Is perfectly flat and of an even thickness of just otifi-half an inch.! Cut off the dough which falls over the edge of the bottom of the cake- tin, or extends beyond it, just as If It were piecrust be yond the edg? of the pie Alsh, and re place the rim. Then form a rim of dough half an Inch high (out ot that which was out oft and that which remained after Like a Real Page from Fairyland Miss Kaiser Delighted by a Little Opera Founded on Grimm. AN EXQUISITE ANCIENT WITCH Musical and Dramatis Features of tho New Year in the World's Greatest City Chatty Paragraphs of Lon don Mews and Gossip. Special Correspondence of The Tribune. London, Jan. 18. Last Tuesday I had the pleasure of hearing the little fairy opera, "Hansel and Gretel," which has been make such a sensation In. London, after its triumphs among ithe muslc lovlng Berllners. I was simply de lighted with it. It is Just the sweetest, dearest, freshest little thing I ever heard, and I sat through it the whole evening in ' a state of enchantment. Just fancy a man a genius, for such Humperdlnck really must be taking that dear, wholesome little fairy tale from the pages of the delightful old Grimm, clothing it with splendid song and magnificent orchestration, and in vesting at with the greatest dramatic Interest. The little tale is treated w4th all the dignity of a grand opera, wlhU:h it really is, and of the most whole some kind us well. I did enjoy the per formance no much, and followed the familiar little tale all through with the keenest interest, from their run ning out ilnto the Black Forest to pick berries to their restoration to . their dear, good German father and mother at tha end of the last act. You remember they get lost in the forest and fall asleep there, .... angels come down from heaven and watchoverthem all night. The descent of these angels was really heavenly. Then the next day they come upon the candy house of the old child-eating ,w.itch and of course are caught and kept by her 'for her next meal, but, In stead of being pushed into her oven by her satanlo highness, they succeed in pushinghenlntoherown fire, and "then they lived happily ever after," and so on. I had never seen a witch on the stage, and really the way this one was made up was charming. She had on the regulation black Jacket, tl red petitlcoat and pointed cap of the 'Itch of our childhood's story books, al tho way she rode through the air of, her broom was just lovely! I fl Irly screamed with delight at her, and my dear Miss Radical declared that I acted Just as If I were 0 years old when the dear old witch came on and flew up over the trees and houses In such a lowly, supernatural style. iShe -was altogether wiltehy, and I Just fell In lovo With her. It Is on now at Daly's thea ter, down in Leicester Square, and I dare say It will come to America some time soon. All good things do. An Attractive Theater. Daly's is a most beautiful theater. I never saw a prettier, not even In New York, and of course there were lots of swagger gowns and all that sort of thing to look at between the acts. There was a little old operetta of Mozart's given the same evening before "Hansel and Gretel," and the contrast between the styles of the two composers was Milled to my notice by Miss Radical, who is a splendid musician and tre mendously clever as well. It really was remarkably evident, and of the two, I must say, I liked the latter-day man the better. By the way. Prince Henry, of Battenberg, whoever he may be, was there in one of tho boxes. I could tell ha was a swell from the minute I Baw him, by the way the poor women who were presented to him had to courtesy and hold up their little hands to be shaken, but I didn't know which one ho was until my chaperon informed me. Our boarding house is now "full up" as the English have it. Every room of the upper region Is occupied by a stu dent, each one the pianist, violinist, 'cellist or singer of the rising genera tion, of course, and we are a most melo dious, harmonious and Interesting fam ily. We are going to have our picture taken as we are around the dinner table In the evening, as there are ten of us In all, and we really make a very charm ing table full, I assure you. Handsome English Pianos. I wentthrough the great Erard piano establishment one day this week, with a girl who -Is going to buy an Erard. We saw a host of the loveliest pianos! Such beauties! And then such toneas all Erards have Is marvelous, you know. They showed us the one on which Pad erewskt always plays when he per forms In London and then some won derful beauties done In white enamel and inlaid with mother-of-pearl, be sides some beautifully painted sym bolically, you know. Some of these were for princes and princesses, and kings and queens on the continent, but Paderewskl's was plain black. His Is said to be the most magnificent In strument, so far as tone is concerned, ever turned out by the Erard house, which is saying a great deal, as their pianos are famous for nobility of tone. There was one there, all Inlaid very peculiarly with gold, silver and pearl, and worth a thousand guineas, about $5,000, which was mado for the fotraer khedlve of Egypt; hut not being com pleted before his death occurred, and as his successor did not want it, It is now for sale, at a slight reduction In price. It is an Immense concert grand, and has great solemn looking sphlnxs for the legs of the Instrument. - It was very interesting Indeed, and I should think, too, that it would prove a very difficult thing to sell. Last night same of us went to an other of the London Symphony orches covering the bottom, of the tin) and Join It to the top edge of tho cake all around. This makes a shallow cavity for straw berry or raspberry Jam, which Is to be spread pvenly over the top. It Is kept from touching the tin by the Ihln rim of dough.. A Jelly-glassful of Jam will be sufficient for a cake about one foot In diameter. With the dough which remains, rolled out thin and cut In strips one-half an Inch wide und spliced together on uc count of brltllcness, cross tho top In squares or parallelograms ns If It were pastry over a tart, liuke three-fourths of an hour In a moderate oven. This coke Is better the llrst or second dsy after bak ing thun when fresh. It will keep more than a week. , . . Economical Cake Two eggs well beat en, one cupful of sugar, onq cupful, of sifted flour, one and one-half tenspoonfuls of baking powder, mix all together until very smooth, and add, last thing, hnlf cupful of boiling water, stir quickly and bake at once. This Is excellent for jolly roll it buked on u very shallow tin and rolled at once. - " . , ', . - Cocoanut Cake One cup sugar, one cup flour, half teaspoon cream of tartar, one foucth teaspoon soda, one teaspoon boiling water, thtee eggs; boat tho yolks ot tho tra concerts again, and, by the way, heard yet another new pianist, a- M. DIemer, French, I think, . He plays very well, but I liked tha orchestral things the best. We had Beethoven, Moaart, Balnt-Sacns, and of course, Wagner. Besldo a London Fireplace. It has grown quite cold for London this month, and we have cute little Ares lighted in our rooms, and I love to sit,' toy my Are, when practice is done, and watch it burn. The soft coal they use over here Is very full of gas, and it burns with a great deal of flame, al most like wood. It Is very odd, I think, to ring and ask the maid for "more coals" when the scuttle is empty. They never oall It coal over here; it Is al ways "coals," and by the way, costs four pence a scuttle full. ' I remember, when In Wales this summer, going into raptures over-, the picturesque old fashioned fire places, as contrasted with our hot air registers and steam helot radiators. But that was in the summer, when we really did not .need a fire, -but'had one Just to take the chill oft the air. I have since returned to my old love, however, since tactual cold weather has come upon us, and now declare most emphatically In favor of our more advanced system ot heating our houses. These London houses have 'been built for centuries, most of thorn, and are provided with a most wonderful number of flues and chim ney pots, down which the sweeps really do come, Once ortjwlce a year, but their rooms are so big and high and chilly that one little fire In a fire place is not at all enough to make an American warm. These English .say we overheat our houses, anyway, and Ithey Hike chill, fresh air, I nutlce. As a matter of fact, though, I like the climate here exceedingly. It is never hot, and never very, very cold, either, but always sort of fresh and damp from the sur .ng waters, I suppose. Ruin may fall at any .minute, notwithstanding, so I carry my umbrella religiously wherever I go. Plcusaut Winter rait lino. The other day I went with one of the girls to see some skating In St. James' park. The Ice -is not very good here, as the weather has not been cold enough to - freeze hard-; nevertheless there have been many Impetuous youths and' maidens evidently seeking a watery grave. There have been some disappointments in the matter, luckily, but In all of the parks where the artificial lakes froze over a bit, have been regularly wholesome im mersions and some fatalities. In one park I saw the ice give way and let from thirty to fifty people down in the water up to their shoulders and chins. They had to be fished out, all wet and sticking together generally, and be sent home, cold and cross, In cabs. I don't go on, and I really went with my friend to keep her off, too. We passed across the front of Buckingham palace, a great big, gloomy building with im posing looking lions on the top of it. It is here that the queen comes and lives for about three or four days, per haps. In every year, spending the rest of the time at Windsor, or in Balmoral in Scotland. My Miss Radical says, "What Is the use of an English queen to us way up there In Scotland?" She is a terrible radical, and admires our government very much. She does not admire the queen at all, and whenever the other girls say anything compli mentary to her majesty she grumbles out, "The queen is an old frump! She doesn't even know enough to get a new bonnet," and so on. The queen's pre dilection for bonnets on which time has left a broad finger mark. Is well known, and my friend also laughs de risively at the poor waiting women to the queen, who get nearly frozen to death every year on account of her ma jesty's decided preference for cold and biting air, while our conservative friends speak so admiringly on the other hand of her "sound British con stitution," and so on. Miss Radical very much admires John Burns, who has just returned from America, and who is now undergoing newspaper In terviews. In one of his talks he said he supposed he committed an offense In not allowing himself to be dined and wined, and if he had done so he sup posed ha would have throttled the hydra of much press fiction about him self. "It is a custom," he says, "with some people to be dined and wined, and then, returning home, write a book ridiculing their entertainers and de nouncing the things they had glorified." I wonder if Max O'Rell saw that. I hope he did. Coming Amusements. I have been to a great deal this week, but I cannot remember It all. I have had the pleasure of see'.ng Rold Arditt conduct an opera, as well as Henschel with his orchestra at the symphony concert. Next week I am to hear Alice Gomez sing and a number of other people, too Ben Davies, Foil, Antoin ette Sterling and some more. On an other night my Scotch lassie and I will take In Henry James' "Guy Domville" from the dress circle In St. James' thea ter, where It Is on. This (Saturday) night there Is a concert, too, at the Royal Academy, where my Scotch girl Is to have two of her songs performed, and, of course, we shall all go and ap plaud vociferously when they are done, for the honor of our house. I am well and happy and more in love with Lon don Mian ever. Sadie E. lvalser. ERRORS OF MEMORY. Many Persons of Refinement and Culture Misquote Shakespeare. From the Globe-Democrat, Misquotations from Shakespearle are so numerous that every one, ot some time, has hod his attention attracted to m.i or more. One of the most conspic uous, from Wit fact that it is constantly obtruded on public attention by being eggs, stir In the sugar, then the whites of the eggs beaten to a stiff froth, then the Hour, with the cream of tartar mixed through It; then the soda dissolved In the boiling water; biike In three or four cakes In a pretty quick oven; make an Icing of the whites of two eggs and six heaping teaspoons of powdered sugur, spread the icing on one cuke, then a luyer of cocoa nut, then Icing, then another cake, etc. If you use prepared cocoanut you must moisten with milk before using. , Raisin Cake Take one and one-quarter pound of light dough, a teacup of sugar, one of butter, three eggs, a teaspoonfXil of carbonate of soda, one pound of rais ins; nutmeg or cinnamon to the taste; buke one hour. Let It rise before being baked. . v- .. , - . ... - j , "lce Cream Cake Take the white -ot eight eggs, beat to a stiff froth, two cups sugar, one cup butter, one cup sweet milk, two cups flour, one cup -cornstarch, two tcaspoonfulft baking powder, add the beaten whites of the eggs last. Buke In jelly tins. For' the Icing, boil four cups of sugar until It will candy and pour over tho beaten whites ot four eggs, and add one teaspoonful pulverized citric acid. Stir until cold and spread between layers. -Philadelphia Record Recipes. used as the motto of "all the year,"' la the passage, "The story of my Ufa from year to year," from Othello, which, the editors have made to read, "The story of our lives from year to year." The expression "heart of hearts," la known, to every one and has tho sanc tion of severed of our best prose amd poetical writers. All attribute it to Shakespeare, but the words used by tha bard are 'heart of heart." They are put flu the mouth of Hamlet In hla speech to Horatio, "Give me that man who id mot passion's slave," and are full of a meaning tlhat is quite obliterated by the stupid change in phraseology. The common version of Lady Mac beth's advice Is "Screw up your cour age to the sticking point," whereas she said "Screw up your courage to the sticking place." "We are euoh stuff as dreams are made on," Is usually ren dered "We are such stuff as dreams are made of," a quite different meaning, while "Leave not a rack behind," the close of the speech of Prosper to Fer dinand in the fourth act of the Tempest, Is commonly rendered, "Leave not a wreck behind," a misquotation so gen eral that it is used on the monument to Shakespeare in Westminster Abbey. It Is worth remembering in this con nection that the general familiarity with Shakespeare Is so great that speakers and writers often vary his words to their own purpose without for a moment considering that they are taking a liberty, and, indeed, the actors and critics do as much, for "Off with his head, so much for Buckingham," and "Richard's himself again," are not found In the best editions, and are now known to be Interpellations by Colley Cibber, who introduced these and other similar expressions for the benefit of the leading actor, in this case himself. , WITH THE LAWMAKERS. A bill for the execution of death sen tences by electricity has been Introduced In the West Virginia legislature. The South Dakota senate has passed the resubmission bill by a vote of 2G to 7, which assures the wiping out of prohibi tion in that state. In the lower house of the New Mexico legislative assembly the other day a bill to grant the right of suffrage to women was defeated by a vote of 111 to 7. A member of the New Hampshire legis lature is to introduce a bill which makes It an offense to knowingly give libelous or false Information to a newspaper man. The first Important step has been tukea In the Indiana legislature toward releas ing Jeffersonvllle of its notoriety as a KJretna Green. For 'years past loving couples from Kentucky have taken a ferry boat to Louisville and on an elopement Journey costing two G-ce-nt fares have fund a haven from Irate parents. The Justices of the peace at Jeffersonvllle have thrived on fees from these eloping couples and hack drivers and hotel runners have been paid regular salaries by the magis trates for bringing In the young people. The joint legislative committee of New York, composed of the finance commit tee of the senate and the ways and means committee of the assembly, which was authorized by the last legislature to in vestigate the administration of the New York state commission and the necessity lor their continuance, report that the va rious commissions, which cost less than 15,000 In ISM), received appropriations la-it year of over $l,UU0,uu0. A petition is being circulated in the Hartford, Conn., shops where women are employed praying that the general as sembly enact a statute requiring that un married women be given the preference In shoif! and factories where women are fmployld. The legislation Is desired to prevent married women, whose husbands earn good wages, from working In shops to the exclusion of single women who have to support themselves and frequently rela tives, also. Among some of the bills before the Ala bama legislature are the following: To prohibit the granting of free rallroui passes to members of the legislature; to prohibit persons from secreting them selves on railway trains to avoid paying fare; to require railroads carrying pas sengers to build depots and waiting rooms and keep agents In all towns of over 5u Inhabitants; to authorize the use of auto matic ballot machine In municipal elec tions. A Minnesota senator has drafted a bill for the state protection of forests and for the prevention of forest fires. It provides for the appointment of a forest commis sioner, who shall take measures to mini mize the danger of fires and shall report annually to tho governor the different methods of lumbering and the effects upon the timber supply, water power, etc., of the state; making at the same lime rec ommendations as to legislation for the preservation of the forests. A member of the house of the Wyoming legislature has introduced a measure to prohibit gambling of every description In the state of Wyoming. The power to regulate gambling In any form will be taken nwey from all municipal corpora tions. Should this bill be come a law the owner of property In which gambling is conducted Is made lluble to the samo punishment as the owner of the game. At present gambling of every form is licensed In Wyoming. The business men are urging the passuge of the bill and it will very likely become law. The Fuslonlsts in the North Carolina senate refused to adopt a resolution pro posing that the legislature should adjourt on General Ie's birthday. This, of course, has fired the Bourbon Democrats, who are aghast at the idea that any south erner should ignore Lee. One newspaper took a lit over the matter und wonders "whoit explanation the alleged Demo cratic members of the Fusion party can make to their ronstltuents for refusing to honor the anniversary of the birth of one of tho most heroic soldiers and hristlans this age has prduced?" Senator W. H. Austin has introduced a bill In the Wisconsin senate relating to street railway corporations. The meas ure provides that In lieu of taxes street rullwav corporations shall pay to tho municipality from which they derive their franchises a graduated portion of their gross earnings. Speaking of his bill Sen ator Austin said: "You cannot fix the' value of a street railway franchise except by Its earning power. One year the same franchise may earn lots of money and an other year It may earn only a little. By taking the gross earnings you do Jus tice to the company." Philadelphia Press. MY FIDDLE. My fiddle? Well, I kind o' keep her handy, don't you know7 Though I ain't so much Inclined to tromp the strings und switch the bow As I wus before the timber of my elbows got so dry. And my fingers was more Umber-like and oaperish and spry. Yet I can plonk and plunk and plluk, And tunc her up and pluy. And Jest lean back and laugh and wink At every rainy day. My playln's only mlddlln' tunes i picked up when a boy The kind o' sort o' flddlln' that the folks call cordaroy: "Tho old Fat Gal" and "Ryestraw" and . "My Sailor's on the Sea," Is the cowtllllons that I saw when tha i ch'lce ie left to me. And so I plunk and plonk and pllnk, And rosum up my bow, And play the tunes that make you thlnW The devil's in your toe I ' .V, .' That's how this here old fiddle's won my; - heart's Indurln' lovel From the strings across her middle to tha screechln' keys above From her apern, over bridge, and to tha - ribbon round her throat, She's a wooln'. coolu' pigeon, alngin "Love me" every note I And so I pat her neck, and pllnk Her strings with lovln' hands, And llst'nln' rlost, I sometimes think She kind o' understands) 'James Whltcomb Riley.