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THE SCHANTON TRIBUNE WED3TE5DAT MOKNT2fG, OCTOBER .7,. , 1890. r ,
THE DISADVANTAGE OF CHEAP PAPER Most Bosks Made Now Will Not Outlast Their Blading. WOES OF THE LOVERS OF BOOKS Some Causes of the Deterioration ia QuolitfWood Palp Paper It Said to be Not Necessarily Bad, If It It Well Made. From the New York Tribune. The as of the world which Is now passing on the wings of the trolley and the twin screw has been called the age of paper. It appears, however, that age does not necessarily Imply long evity. This shall be the text for a sec ond part of the discourse. The point to be considered first Is the vast amount of paper requisite to give a name to an age of history and the ruinous rates at which It can be dis pensed to the people. Most kinds of paper are cheaper in this country to day than they ever were before, ana a great deal cheaper than they were only a few years ago. The kinds used for the printing of newspapers, for In stance, cost at the end of the war about 25 cents a pound, and now they cost from 2 to 2Vi cents a pound; writ ing papers which cost then bu or 60 cents a pound cost now from 10 to 12 cents a pound; and so on. "You want to say," said one of the largest paper dealers in New York the other day. "that this has all been brought about by the tariff. The tar iff always stimulates domestic compe tition. The foreign paper has been kept out and the home industry has been developed. The process of mak ing paper out of wood pulp was in vented in Germany, and was perfected in this country. The changes in prices have been brought about gradually, till they are what they are now. They could never have come It foreign pa pers had been admitted freely. The largest papermaker In Germany said to me not long ago that he could send thousands of tons of paper and card board here If it were not for the tariff. On the other hand, we could send thou sands of tons of paper to Germany If they did not have a tariff against us. As It Is, we send large quantities to Kngland, Australia and South Amer ica." It Is not alone that the wood pulp paper Itself is cheap, its competition lias forced down the prices of rap pa per till they are almost as low as those of the wood paper, and there are peo ple who ought to know who say that nobody but an expert can tell a good pulp from a rag paper, and It Is doubt ful If he can. At the close of the war publirhers used to pay about 25 cents a pound for book paper. Now they pay froin 4 to 7 or 8 cents for the gen eral run of stock that they use. For fine grades of boks they pay more, of course, 12 or 15 cents not being uncom mon, and the costly limited editions running up the figures to a good deal more than that. But, on the other hand, there are thousands of cheap books made on paper which costs no more than 2 or 3 cents a pound. WOODS USED FOR Pl.'LP. There has been some alarm express ed about the supply of wood for the paper pulp, but this does not seem to be u matter that need irlve any great present anxiety. The forests that fur nish the wood for this purpose form a pretty large blt across the country. They are In Maine, in this state, In the West and In Canada. A great deal of the American paper Is Just now made from wood grown In Ctinnda. Spruce i great staple wood for the pur- Poplar Is much used, and so is i,' and so, to some extent, are as pen and birch. The quality of the pa per depends upon the method by which It Is made and the care expend ed upon It. Just an the quality of any .Jilng else does. Sulphite and soda are employed In the process, and It Is Im J "tant that they be used In the right p portions and that they be got out afterward. If they are not used prop erly the paer will be of poor quality to Mart with, and if they are not got out of It In the end they will destroy the paper after It Is made. A small per centage of rags Is used for extra grades of paper, and Is of undoubted advantage. A little clay is also used sometimes to secure smoothness of sur face, as, for Instance. In paper to be used for printing half-tone pictures. Clay is used, moreover, sad to relate, to make the paper weigh more when It is sold by the pound. It makes bad paper, and some makers say that the trick Is not successful, anyway. A tre mendous amount of clay Is used In Germany, but American buyers are, as a rule, too clever to be taken In by overweighted paper. On the other hand, there Is a beau tiful light paper made In England from esparto grass, which grows in Algiers. The attempt has been made to manu facture It here, but never with much success. The English paper eorts hero about thirteen cents a pound, but there is as much paper In a pound of It as there is In two pounds of the ordinary sort, so that It is really not much more expensive than the good American wood-pulp paper with a few rags mix ed in. There is a fine book paper made in this country from rags brought from Egypt. Agents are employed to col lect them all over the delta of the Nile, the finest harvest-gound for rags In the world, perhaps, and they send them to Alexandria, where they are cleaned and baled, and then they are shipped to this country. QUESTION OF QUALITY. And now comes the note of despair. If the paper of today is cheaper than ever before, it appears that it is also poorer. When William T. Peoples, the librarian of the Mercantile Library, was asked for his views about the pa per used for the books of the present day, the sentence of inquiry was not finished before Mr. Peoples exclaimed: "The paper is cheaper than It ever was before, and worse than it ever was be fore! Why, the bonks that are made now," he went on. "will scarcely out wear their bindings. Uy the time the binding of a book is worn out the book Itself Is worthless, and it Is better to get a new one than to try to put a new cover on It. I don't know how the historians of a hundred years hence will be able to find out anything about our times, for there will be scarcely any of our books that can be read by that time. Even books that are left stand ing on the shelves and seldom taken from the library seem to decay, and they go all to pieces. Almost all the books are printed on wood-pulp paper. I am not prepared to say that a trood and durable wood-ptllp- paper cannot be made, but the most of It Is not good or durable. The trouble goes back for perhaps twenty-five years, and through all that time It has been growing worse. We find that our books printed more than twenty-five years ago keep In better condition and are wearing better now than theme printed since that time. The German books are worse than the American. The paper does not seem to be made of wood even. It seems to be clay. In a very short time It all crumbles away. The English paper. I think, is In general a little better than ours. There are few publishers who make books that are honorable ex ceptions to what I have said. 'They i use good paper and produce books Hint will last, but the moat of them, even the leading publishers, are turning out Much things as I have described." When persons interested in other frays in the paper trade are consulted about these points publishers, paper dealers, etc. they seem reluctant to ad mit the correctness of the statements And are Inclined to take refuge In the fact that Just as good paper Is made mew as ever. But when they are con fronted with the clear assertion that tho cenerai run of book paper now In use is pcor as compared with that which was used twenty years ago, they admit that the proposition is Incontro vertible. It Is the melancholy fact that whole libraries of the books that are turned out now will not last, with or dinary usage, for twenty years. "Isn't it better that the most of them should not last?" is the answer that lias bceen made to the charge more than once. Possibly, but that would be just as good a reason for not printing them at all, and that Is a question between the author and the people. If It were not made seriously, as It prob ably Is not, it would not be an honest answer for the paper-maker and the publisher to make. Say, If you will, that the public demands cheap books and Insists on having them, and will not buy good ones; that the publisher Is helpless in the hands of the public, and the paper-maker in the hands of the publisher. That position has some show of dignity to It. And that. In deed, Is the one that Is really taken by the most of those who consider the question seriously. And in Justice It should be said that nobody Is more sorry for the unfortunate state of things than some of those who are en gaged In publishing and In the paper making business. PUBLISHERS AND PUBLISHERS. There are publishers who are merely shop-keepers and care only for what will pay beBt for the moment, but there are also publishers who would gladly put out fine and artistic and durable books if the public would meet them half-way and buy the books In prefer ence to the cheap and worthless ones. And some fine books are sold let that be remembered books that would do credit to any book-making period. And they bring good prices. But the buyers who Insist on having such books are few, and they never could support a whole trade. A firm whose name will suggest itself to every book lover has recently tried the experiment of issuing fine books, printed In an ar tistic manner on fine paper, designed and executed so as to be an ornament to any library that might be fortunate enough to possess them, but It was not a success. Some beautiful books were printed, and they will be treasured by those who have them after hundreds of later books have fallen Into dust, but as a business venture It was a failure and could not be carried on. The paper-maker would be glad to make better grades of paper If the pub lishers would take them, and the pub lishers would be glad to print their books on better paper If the public would take them. The leading pub Ushers complain that they have to com pete with the novels thut are sold by the dry goods stores for a few cents, and that they cannot do so unless they keep their expenses In the making of their books down to the lowest figure possible. Now, these novels, books on which there Is no copyright or only a foreign copyright, which can conse quently be made for the bare expense of manufacture, are printed on paper that costs only two cents or perhaps two and a half cents a pound. They are sold, moreover, by men who are engaged In other business and use them only to attract people Into their shops in the hope that they wil buy some thing else. How are the legitimate publishers to compete with this trade, getting out good and well-made books and paying royalties to authors for them? Is it any wonder If they are tempted, from a business point of view, even forced, to use paper that costs at the lowest say four cents a pound, and at the highest, except for those which are to rank as editions de luxe, seven or eight cents a pound? PLEA OF PAPER-MAKERS. That Is the publishers' side of the case, and the paper-makers' side in the light of this, is still simpler; the pub lishers will have cheap paper for their customers, and what can they do but supply it? "I am afraid," said a rep resentative of one of the leading American publishing houses, after he had said a good deal about the paper business, "that I have not told you anything that will do you any good, but if you could awaken a little pub lic sentiment for good books It would be a great thing. They will have the poor books, and they will go and buy them at the drygoods stores for fifteen cents instead of going to a bookstore and getting well made books for well, they would have to pay a dollar for them, of course. It has been growing worse and worse for the last twenty five years, and I don't see any pros pect of Us getting any better." Yet If any one will buy good pa par, there is Just as good paper to be had now as there ever was In the history of the world. This has been hinted be fore, but !t should be clearly under stood. The trouble with tho wood pulp paper, Buy the reputable makers of It, is not that It Is made of wood pulp, but that It is badly made. Just as good paer can be made of pulp, they Insist. If It Is made Intelllgenty and carefully and honestly, as can be made of any thing else. And everybody admits that whether wood pulp or rags or grass be the material selected, good paper oan be made and is made, and can be had by those who Insist on having it only so deplorably few Insist on having It. The Groller Club was founded for the purpose of fostering art In the making of books, and the club consistently and nobly goes In for paper at 60 or 70 cents a pound, but the charge has been whis pered against some of the members of that aesthetic body that they care more for enriching their own libraries than for promoting the knowledge and love of fine and beautiful books among the people at large. In short. It Is a hard thing to Inspire a great mass of peo ple with deep earnestness In the pur suit of a great Ideal. The mass of the people will generally have what it makes up Its mind to have, and If It ever makes up Its mind to have good paper for its book 3, It will undoubted ly have it. WHENCE CAME SOME FLOWERS. Garden Favorites and Bloomers Have Been Gathered in Many Lands. From the Alps came the ranunculus and from Italy the mlgonette In 1528, rosemary from the south of Europe In 1531, the Jasmine from Circassia about C4S, according to Chambers' Journal. The year 1567 saw the introduction if four time-honored favorites the ourlcula from Switzerland, the pink from Italy, the gillyflower and carna tion from Flanders. Spenser, by the way. In the "Shephearde's Calendar," 1579, classes the carnation, which he calls "coronation." with the purple col umbine and the gillyflower as lovers' flowers. Now the carnation Is general ly supposed to have derived Its name from the carnation or tlesh color of the original species. But the word us,d by Spenser suggests that "carnation" is merely an abbreviation of "corona tion," In allusion to the crown-like ap pearance of the flower and its specific name, betonica coronaria. The Philological society's "New Eng lish Dictionary" does not decide which of the derivations is the only true one, though one must have originated In a mistake. Anyhow, the shorter form was common In Shakespeare's time, and we have It on Dame Quickly' au thority that Sir John Falstaff "could never abide carnation: 'twas a color he never liked." Lavender was im ported from the south of Europe not later than 1568, and the Iaurnum from Hungary about 157(; while Sir Walter Raleigh Is credited with having brought the snowdrop back with him from his short-lived colony of Roanoke, an Islund off North Carolina, In 1584. ; Farther Spread of Crime. Rivers "Riljordan tells me that when he went last night to call on Miss High up she gave him th dead face." Brooks "She shouldn't have done that with It. She should have burled it In her hands," Chicago Tribune. BRAVE SOLDIERS IN THE LATE WAR Reminiscences ot Valorous Exploits Oleancd from the Records. GALLANTRY ABOVE THE ORDINARY The Corporal Who Picked Up a Shell with Lighted Fuse at Yicksbnrg. Ensign Rhoades Gallantry at Fort FisherCpt. Jaliut White and His Chicago Battery. Washington Letter, In Globe-Democrat The war records continue to reveal Instances of Individual heroism worthy of mention, of which the following are a few: The siege of Vlcksburg fur nished many heroes, but none of a higher order than Isaac Carman, late corporal of Company A. 48th Ohio In fantry Volunteers. When the storming party from Ulalr'a division, led by Lawler and Larandam, made the first capture of a Confederate fort, the flags of the 77th Illinois and 4Sth Ohio were placed upon the parapets, and floated undisturbed from 30.30 In the morning until 4 o'clock In the afternoon, when the Confederates massed and by a des perate charge retook their position. The heroic deed of Carman Is related by Captain Posegrate, who had com mand of Company A, one of the coin panics which had fousjht Its way Into the fort. His narrative is as follows: "Our brigade captured the fort In its front, together with quite a number of prisoners. The national colors of the 48th Ohio and the 77th Illinois weie planted on the fort, and a number of men were detailed to remain there and throw up counter works In Its rear. My company halted on the ditch in front -of the fort, between the two bastions and held that position for sev eral hours. There seeming to be a lack of strength on our part, no further advance was attempted. In the after noon between 4 o'clock and 5 o'clock the Confederate forces charged the works and captured them, together with our men who were In the fort and drove off those who were on the es carpment. The charge was so sudden and fierce that our own colors, together with those of the 77th Illinois, were left In the fort, and It seemed as though they were hopelessly In the hands of the enemy. I was ordered to withdraw my company from the ditch, and while preparing to do so Tsaac N. Carman, who was personally known to me, reached my side and Informed me that he was determined to rescue our colors. I thought such an attempt, hopeless, but mude no objection. At this mo ment a fuse shell thrown by the Con federates came rolling down the escarp Into the ditch. The fuse was rapidly burning, but Carman seized the shell in his hands and hurled It back Into the Confederate works, where it exploded. On the instant he ascended the escarp ment, seized the coveted flag and com menced his descent. I watched his ef fort with admiration and anxiety. Just as he had reached the abrupt declivity Into the ditch where we were one of my men unfortunately changed his posi tion, receiving Carman upon the point of his bayonet. Inflicting what was thought at the time to be a fatal wound. I thought at the time and think now that Carman's action was the most gallant I witnessed during the war." General McClernand, being much an noyed by the work being done by the battery of one of the confederate forts at Vlcksburg Immediately in front of him, ordered General Smith to have two guns carried up o hill, from which they could command the fort and effectual ly return the rebel Are. General Smith went to several of the batteries, but the olllcers demurred, said it would be Im possible to accomplish, and meant cer tain death for all who essayed It. Gen eral Smith, not liking to give a positive ordeir, sent for Captain White, of the Chicago Mercantile Battery. "Captain," he said, "if you can get two guns up that hill we will have the fort In half an hour!" "I will try. General," answered White. He went to his battery, told the men the work that was before them, and Immediately set on foot preparations. All being In readiness, the men started up the hill, carrying their guns. One of the guns was struck by a shell rrom he fort battery and several of the men were killed. Captain White and his party with the other gun reached the crest of the li ill In safety, double shot ted It quickly and the captain himself directing, it was fired. It Is said that the shot entered the mouth of a con federate cannon which was Just ready to bo discharged, and exploded It. This theory Is due to the widespread de struction which occurred. Many of the confederates were blown Into the air, the cotton hales on top of the fort were set,on fire and the fort rendered a complete wreck. When Fort Sumter was almost en tirely cut off from the outer world, many of the wives of officers who hud command of the garrison were In Charleston, having been forced to go there for protection. Among them was the wife of Lieutenant Abner Double day. The condition of the federals In the fort was becoming serious. Rations were growlntr scarce, and matches and candles had given out. The condition of the garrison was known In Charles ton, and the women, whose loved ones were penned up In the fort, were nat urally filled with anxiety and grief. Mrs. Doubleday, under these trying cir cumstances, decided upon an undertak ing which not only showed the intens ity of her devotion for her husband, but proved her to be a tr,ue heroine. Securing a boat, she loaded It with pro visions, and in the dead of night, and alone, rowed from Charleston to Sum ter. The danger of her being fired on was great, but she took the risk, and reached the fort in safety. When she came within range of the sentries of the fort, the call rang out, "Who goes there?" The reply in a woman's voice sur prised the sentry, and several of the guard were sent down to receive her. On learning who it was. and of the relief Bhe brought, the Federals were overwhelmed with admiration, and the attentions she received from men and officers amounted to worship. Major Henry E. Tretnain, of the Seventy-third New York volunteers, was a start officer, serving , under Generai Daniel E. Sickles, hut at the battle of Resaca, Ga., he volunteered to assist General Buttertield In a charge. It was during this charge that the brigade of Coburn began firing by mistake Into the brigade commanded by Colonel Harrison, afterward president of the United States. It was due in a great measure to Major Tremain's presence of mind and courage that a panic among the Federals was prevented. rode In front of Coburn's command, and General Butterfleld and General Sickles both testify that they saw him with his sword knock down the guns of nearly all the men In the front line of one regiment to stop them firing. Ma jor Tremain's gallantry at Chancellors vllle, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg was also conspicuous, and General Sickles says of him in his reports that "he Is worthy of the highest honor which the covernment can award." Brevet Major General Alexander Stewart Webb went into the war as a captain, and all his promotions were tor gallantry on the field of battle. He participated In seventeen different ac tions, among them being Mechanics vllle, Antietam, Chancellorsvllle. Get tysburg, Spottsylvania and the Wilder ness. His conduct at Gettysburg Is particularly noteworthy for Its daring and absolute fearlessness.-. He was in ; command of the Second brigade of the Second division of the Second corps. He had been with tho color guard of the Seventy-second Pennsylvania vol unteers, of whom every man was eith er killed or wounded. General Webb, when he left the stricken guard, went across the front of the companies to the right of the Sixty-ninth Pennsyl vania, all the way between the lines, in order to direct the fire of the latter regiment upon a company of rebels who had. under the leadership of Gen eral Armlstead, sprang over the low stone wall behind which they had been ambushed, and were starting for a charge. He brought on himself the fire of the rebels, and received a wound In the groin. He remained In tho sad dle directing the men and holung them up to their work until more than one-half were killed or wounded. Gen eral Meade, In his letter presenting a medal to General Webb, mentions this act as one not surpassed by any gen eral in the field. Colonel David Clendenln. of the Eighth Illinois Cavalry Volunteers, was. In soldierly bearing nd dash In action, an Ideal cavalry officer. His regiment had been recruited by himself, and his men were all devoted to him. His regiment was noted In the Army of the Potomac for gallantry In action, and In every engagement, where it gained renown Colonel Clendenln's own conduct was conspicuous. It was In the denfense of Washington against the raid made for its capture by Gen eral Jubal Early that Colonel Clenden ln won his chief credit for personal bravery. Colonel Crendenln's regiment became engaged in a hand-to-hand fight wlh the famous Seventeenth Vir ginia, and Colonel Clendenln, who was In the thickest of the fray, plucked the Seventeenth's flag from Its color bearer with his own hand, and, holding It In his left hand, wielded his sword with his .right In such an effective manner that he beat off several of the confeder ates who with desperate courage sought to recover their colors. In his rejnjrt of this memorable contest Gen eral Lew Wallace says of Colonel Cltn denin: "He was as brave a. cavalry officer as ever mounted a horse." Gen eral Clendenln was a member of the military commission which tried and convicted the assassins of President Lincoln. At the battle of Fort Fisher Ensign William N. Rhoades, of the navy, wus among those who volunteered to go ashore with the storming party. When he troops were landed Rhoades was detailed to take charge of a party of the men from the Susquehanna and Join the party of sappers and miners under Lieutenant Preston, who were to dig rille pits at the front of the fort. Rhoades and his men started oft al most immediately and worked their wuy to the front from one rifle pit to another. The last pits were dug quite close to the fort near the sea end. In the charge made by the sailors they went u; the beach directly to the sea angle of the fort without occupying the pits. A fire was opened from the fort on the storming party, the men who were digging the rille pits got their share and all of Ensign Rhoades' party were killed save himself and a young seaman, James Shannon. When the storming party was beaten back En sign Rlmades and Seaman Shannon were left alone, and, seeing the Feder als had returned to the attack on the west end of the fort, Rhoades picked up a shovel, and with this held along side of his head and followed by Shan non with a boat flag unfurled and the staff over his shoulder, they ran the whole length of the land face of the fort to where their own men were fighting. Reaching their goal In safety they each picked up rltlcs and belts from dead soldiers and fought their way Into the fort with their fellows. The boy sea man. Shannon, was given the honor of being the first to place the stars and stripes upon the parapet. DAVID C'OI'PEItFIELD. Miss Mowcher in the Flesh Called the Novelist to Account. From the Philadelphia Ledger. When Dickens was a young man, with literary ambitions, he contem plated writing his own life, "David Cop perlleld," however, was not written un til Dickens' fame as an author was es tablished. Many of the adventures ascribed to David Copperfleld were undergone by Dickens himself, and not a few of the characters presented In the novel were the author's personal friends. The orlclnal of the famous Mr. Mi cawber was Mr. Dickens, sr., the novel ist's own father, an unfortunate but agreeable gentleman, who afforded his son much Innocent amusement by rea son of his grandiloquent language and inordinate love of letter writing. When Dickens was a boy, his father, like Wilkins Mlcawber, was Imprisoned for debt, and Charles, like David, went daily to und fro between his lodgings and the Jail. His experience at Hungerford Mar ket, his horror of his rough and rude companions, and his dally wanderings about the streets of London are all faithfully recorded In those chapters of "David Copperfleld" dealing with the hero's stay at the house of Murdstone and Grlnby. David's subsequent adoption by his aunt, Mltfe Betsey Trotwood, who, by the way, Is an Imaginary personage, and his apprenticeship at Doctors' Commons, owe something to real life. Dickens was for many years connected with Doctors' Commons, hut not like David as a student, but as a shorthand writer In the court. The Incident of David's life In chambers, however, are copied very faithfully from those of Dickens. - Readers ot tho novel will not forget Miss Mowcher, although she makes but two brief appearances. She would certainly have been more prominent had not Dickens, upon reaching the twenty-second chapter, In which she first appears, received a letter from the original of the character, calling him to account for the liberty he had taken. Dickens was sincerely sorry to have given offense, and expressed his regret that, by copying too closely the pecu liarities of his grotesque little friend, he should have caused her to be recog nized. He had intended to use Miss Mowcher In an unpleasant manner, but hS promised to change her character in such a way that only an agreeable im pression should be left. This he done in chapter 32 of the novel., which un does much of chapter 22. All Dickens1 books were great reali ties to him. "David Copperfleld" espec ially so. He loved the Pegotty group of characters best of all. and was very fond. Indeed, of Little Em'lv. On the chapter called "Tempest." which de scribes the ship-wreck off Yartmouth and the death cf Ham and Stecrforth. the author spent fourteen and a half laborious hours, and finished utterly ex hausted. A Day Off. "I went fishing Sunday with Jones. You known Jones reporter on the Trumrst?" "I suppose he's been telling some tall stories about the catch." "No; he's told nothing but the pimple truth. Jones is viry glad to get away from the routine of his business once In awhile." Life. Through the Glass Darkly. "Ha!" cried the bold navigator. "Bring me a glass. He scanned, the horizon eagerly. "Another glnss. Ha!" After the second glass he had no trouble whatever In discerning the outline of the sea serpent, which wus signaling that Its steering gear was not under good control, Detroit Tribune. Didn't Appreciate His Lurk. Bklnneman "What a lucky fellow you are! You've got the wishbone." Star-Boarder "Yes, that's all I have got. I'll exchange with you for a piece of the meat." Judge. LITERARY NOTES. Hobart Chatflcld Chatfleld-Taylor's se ries on Spain which he Is printing in tho Cosmopolitan Is to be Issued In book form together with several additional articles which have not been published. There will be some changes In the book which will be called The Land of the Castanet. Messrs. Herbert S. Stone & So., of Chica go, are to be the publishers. It Is Elbert Hubbard's Philistine which perpetrates this libel: "'How natural that dead man looks!' exclaimed the Scranton girl In the National Gallery as she stood speechless before the great painting, After the Battle. "How natural that dead man looks one could almost swear ha is alive!' " "I had a terrible dream the other night," writes Walter Blackbuiff Harte In the Lo tus. "I dreamt that every Individual In tt.'at contemptible abstraction, The Pub lic, the immense sea of millions, had sud denly become fastidious and critical. The effect can better be Imagined than de scribed. The next scene In the dream was the catastrophe In contemporary litera ture and Journalism. The dead-carts were In the streets day and night, and one-half of my prosperous contemporaries wetv tuckeil quietly away In the cemeteries within twenty-four hours!" That must have been a dream, A nun may read proofs all his life with mechanical monotony ami Indifference, but let him take up the proofs of his own rare und lung-cherished Bird probably scorned and unwclcomed child of thought and fancy, smugKled at last, we will suppose, Into some ohseuro print, and he cannot help but thrill und tremble with a happi ness too tremorous for this world's eys. The Lark. Here Is some curious Kansas City phil. osophy from the Lotus: "The nilldi'.t man In the world likes to be considered a sad wag, a wicked dog! 1 believe If one per sisted long enoUKh. such Is the susceptibil ity of human nature In this mutter, that even the Rrcatcst sage would finally smile at the Impeachment. All of which shows how Imperfectly monogamous Is man, and how untamable is the old Adam and na ture. But Adam, according lo report, had no chance to suw any wild oats in his lone ly Eden, and Eve never had anything to be jealous of but her own reflection In a stream. And yet they came to grief." One Way. "liringet, you've broken as much china this month as your wues amount to. Now, how can we prevent this oc curring again?" "Ol don't know, mum, unless yez raises me wages." Life. FOR INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL USE CURES AND PREVENTS Colds. Coughs, Sore Throat, Influents, Bron cbltls, Pneumonia, Swelling of the Joluts, Lumbago, Inflammations, i iiuuiinuuin FROSTBITES, CHILBLAINS, HEADACHE, TOOTHACHE, ASTHMA, DIFFICULT BREATHING. CURES THE WORST PAINS In from one to twenty minutes. NOT ONE HOl'lt after reading this advertisement need uny one SL'FFEU WITH PAIN. Railway's Ready Relief Is a Sure Cure for .icrjr rum, sprains, nruises, faint in tne Back, Chest or Limb. It was the first and is the only VWH RliMEUY That Instantly stops the most excruciating pauin, aiiityR iiuKtmniuiion, ani cures i on gfstioiis, whether of the Lungs, Stomach, Bowels, or other glunds or organs, by one application. A half to a teaspoonful In half a tumbler of water will in a few minutes cure CrampH, Spasms, Sour Stomach, Heart, burn, Nervousness, Sleeplessness, Sick rit-iiunene, jimrrneu, Dysenterv, colic Flatulenev utnl nil Infm 'iiitl nalna There is not a remedial agent in the world that will eure Fever und Ague nnd all other Malarious, Bllllous and other fevers, aldeil by HADWAV'S BILLS, to Fifty cents per bottle. Sold by Druggists. RADWAY & CO., 55 Elm Street New York. WHEELS rj WHEELS BICYCLES. ON AND AFTER SEPT. 1ST, 18IW, WE will crier all of tho following wheels w niny have In stock at Jobber's Prices : Wolf American, Pierce. Iver-Juhnson, Waverly and Featherstono Llue. This is an opportunity to nt a tood wheel cheap. We still have the famous "Crawford," u wheel that runs as light and eusy nnd wears equal to any Slliu machine on the market. Come and seo what wo cau do tor you in our Hue. L R. PARKER, 321 SPRUCE 8!. PICKLING CUCUMBERS : Pickling CQCumbsrs, Cauli flower, Horse-Radish Root, Pickling Onions, Ginger Root, Red Cabbage, Mangoes, Hot Peppers, Dill. 1 R IlTrSffi. MARKET CALL UP 3682, CO. KiiKi OFFICE AND WAREHOUSE. Ml TO 151 MERIDIAN STREET. 51. W. COLLINS, Manager. Ift. ,What Sarah Bern hard says iiifipM M J 2,000,000 BARRELS Made and Sold In Six Months, ending larch 1, 1896, Total Product of 1 E i ill Mil y The A Mill Alone produced 1,000,000 Barrels, Largest Run on Record. Washburn, Crosby's Superlative la sold everywhere from the Pacific Coast to St. John's. New Foundland, and in England, Ireland and Scotland very largely, and is recognized aa the best flour in the world. MEGARGEL WHOLESALE AGENTS. High Grade Shaw, Emerson, Malcolm Lots. Clongii A WarreiL Carpenter, Waterloo. And Lower Grades a Very Low Prices. J. LAWRENCE STELLE, S03 SPRUCE STREET. Spring House HEART LAKE, SUSQ'A CO.. U. E. CROFUT, PROPRIETOR THIS HOUSE! Is Btrlctly temperance, new and well furnlahed and OPENED TO THE PUBLIC THE YEAR ROUND, il located midway between lllnghamton anJ Scranton, on the Montroae and Lacka wanna Railroad, six miles from D., L. A W. R. R. at Alford Station, and five miles from Montrose; capacity elrhty-flve, three minutes' walk from railroad station House situated 100 feet from the lake, wide veranda extends the entire length of the house, which is 100 feet Row Boats, Flshlnsj Tackle, Etc. Free to (iuests. Altitude about 2,000 feet, equalling In this respect the Adirondack and Catsklll Mountains. Fine groves, plenty of shade and beautl. ful scenory, making a Summer Resort ur. excelled In beauty and cheapness. Dancing pavilion, swings, croquet grounds, etc. COT.,r SPRING WATER AND PLENTY OP MILK. Rates $7 to $io Per Week. Si. 50 Per Day. Excursion tickets sold at all stations oa D.. L. & W. lines. Porter meets all trains. BALDWIN'S THE BEST IN THE MARKET GREAT VARIETY OF SIZES. THE l COU CO., 434 LACKAWANNA AVENUs MIDSUMMER Sterling Silver Shirt Waist Sets, worth 65c to $1; choice for 50c. Worth $1.25 to $1.75; choice for $1.00. Sterling Silver Belt Buckles, worth 3.SO, at $2.50. Worth $2.50, at $1.75. Closing Otit all our Fine China at about Half Price. t Genuine Rogers' Triple Plate Spoons, Forks and Knives at reduced prices. Fn graved free. Tea Sets, Ice Pitchers, Cake Baskets, etc., finest plate, new styles, very low prices. At our New Store, 130 WYOMING AVENUE HEI1 CLOSING SALE .lERCEREflU I CONNELL UHtEJQHJaV&J GONNELL JAMES MOIR, THE MERCHANT TAILOR Has Moved to HI New Qaarters, 402 Lackawanna Avenue. Entrance on aids next to First National Dank. He has now ia a Comprising everything requisite for Sue Herobant Tailoring. And the same oaa be shown to advantage in bis spleaa dlaly Sued n room k SPECIAL INVITATION Is Extends to All Resders of The Trlb mm to Call on "OLD RELIABLE" In HI New Business Home E. ROBINSON'S Lager Beer Brewery Manufacturers of tht Celebrated ft! loger Ei CAPAClTVi 100,000 Barrels per Annum THE MSIC POWDER CO., ROOMS I AND 2, COM'LTH Bl'0'6, SCRANTON, PA. MINING AND BLASTING POWDER MADE AT MOOSIC AND RUSaV DALE! WORKS. LAFLIN RAND POWDER CO'S ORANGE GUN POWDER Electric Batteries, Electric Exploders, for ex plodlug blasts. Safety Fuse, and Repaono Chemical Co.'s HIUH EXPLOSIVES, FOR Ur. Van Pelt's MunJ thlv Reeulatlna: Veol ta f Mil r a ctable Granules cowl W Vj IVI C. fM inand anil maintain J continuous trade aa arerupurativeinexhaus! lion and debility peculiarly Incident to woman of tender roratituttona inrouthandl did age. Ther have to equal. 'J bo faculty! atrongiy recominena men), ue&cripuve cir 'cular free, sent fecnirely fpiilpd. Ju venial Toilet Co., Dept. fff bvttrlan Blag., N. V. REVIVO HESTORES VITALITY. Made a 1st Umj, Well Man 10th Day. of Me. t:e ufeat 30th produces the aboTe result ta:3l days. It art! powerfully and quickly. Cures when all otbera faiL Vouugnitu will regain their lent manhood, and old men will rerorer their youtliful or by uilns BKV1VO. It quickly and aurely SMtorea Nervous new, Lout Vitality, Irapotnncy, tightly Emissions, Lost Power, railing Memory, Wanting Diaeases. and all effects ot self-abuse or eicwaand indiscretion, which unfits one for study, business or marriage. It not only cures by s'larting at the seat of d.sease. but ia a great nerve tonle and blood builder, bring ing bark the pink glow to pain cheeks and re storing the Are ot youth, it wards off rnsanlty and Consumption. Insist on having RKVIVU.no other. It can be carried In vest aocktt. By null, jt.00 per package, or six tot &., with a aal written guarantee ta euro or reraad 'lie money. Circular froo. AtMrass -"'. wrgiHrJsro fit 'HtCffn. '.' For Sain by MATTHEWS BROS., Drna 1 ran syV mmuu. bar- fiat Mraaton, rn.