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The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, October 07, 1896, Image 11

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THE SCHANTON TRIBUNE WED3TE5DAT MOKNT2fG, OCTOBER .7,. , 1890. r ,
THE DISADVANTAGE
OF CHEAP PAPER
Most Bosks Made Now Will Not Outlast
Their Blading.
WOES OF THE LOVERS OF BOOKS
Some Causes of the Deterioration ia
QuolitfWood Palp Paper It Said
to be Not Necessarily Bad, If It It
Well Made.
From the New York Tribune.
The as of the world which Is now
passing on the wings of the trolley and
the twin screw has been called the age
of paper. It appears, however, that
age does not necessarily Imply long
evity. This shall be the text for a sec
ond part of the discourse. The point
to be considered first Is the vast
amount of paper requisite to give a
name to an age of history and the
ruinous rates at which It can be dis
pensed to the people. Most kinds of
paper are cheaper in this country to
day than they ever were before, ana a
great deal cheaper than they were only
a few years ago. The kinds used for
the printing of newspapers, for In
stance, cost at the end of the war
about 25 cents a pound, and now they
cost from 2 to 2Vi cents a pound; writ
ing papers which cost then bu or 60
cents a pound cost now from 10 to 12
cents a pound; and so on.
"You want to say," said one of the
largest paper dealers in New York the
other day. "that this has all been
brought about by the tariff. The tar
iff always stimulates domestic compe
tition. The foreign paper has been
kept out and the home industry has
been developed. The process of mak
ing paper out of wood pulp was in
vented in Germany, and was perfected
in this country. The changes in prices
have been brought about gradually,
till they are what they are now. They
could never have come It foreign pa
pers had been admitted freely. The
largest papermaker In Germany said
to me not long ago that he could send
thousands of tons of paper and card
board here If it were not for the tariff.
On the other hand, we could send thou
sands of tons of paper to Germany If
they did not have a tariff against us.
As It Is, we send large quantities to
Kngland, Australia and South Amer
ica." It Is not alone that the wood pulp
paper Itself is cheap, its competition
lias forced down the prices of rap pa
per till they are almost as low as those
of the wood paper, and there are peo
ple who ought to know who say that
nobody but an expert can tell a good
pulp from a rag paper, and It Is doubt
ful If he can. At the close of the war
publirhers used to pay about 25 cents
a pound for book paper. Now they
pay froin 4 to 7 or 8 cents for the gen
eral run of stock that they use. For
fine grades of boks they pay more, of
course, 12 or 15 cents not being uncom
mon, and the costly limited editions
running up the figures to a good deal
more than that. But, on the other
hand, there are thousands of cheap
books made on paper which costs no
more than 2 or 3 cents a pound.
WOODS USED FOR Pl.'LP.
There has been some alarm express
ed about the supply of wood for the
paper pulp, but this does not seem to
be u matter that need irlve any great
present anxiety. The forests that fur
nish the wood for this purpose form a
pretty large blt across the country.
They are In Maine, in this state, In the
West and In Canada. A great deal of
the American paper Is Just now made
from wood grown In Ctinnda. Spruce
i great staple wood for the pur-
Poplar Is much used, and so is
i,' and so, to some extent, are as
pen and birch. The quality of the pa
per depends upon the method by
which It Is made and the care expend
ed upon It. Just an the quality of any
.Jilng else does. Sulphite and soda are
employed In the process, and It Is Im
J "tant that they be used In the right
p portions and that they be got out
afterward. If they are not used prop
erly the paer will be of poor quality to
Mart with, and if they are not got out
of It In the end they will destroy the
paper after It Is made. A small per
centage of rags Is used for extra
grades of paper, and Is of undoubted
advantage. A little clay is also used
sometimes to secure smoothness of sur
face, as, for Instance. In paper to be
used for printing half-tone pictures.
Clay is used, moreover, sad to relate,
to make the paper weigh more when It
is sold by the pound. It makes bad
paper, and some makers say that the
trick Is not successful, anyway. A tre
mendous amount of clay Is used In
Germany, but American buyers are,
as a rule, too clever to be taken In by
overweighted paper.
On the other hand, there Is a beau
tiful light paper made In England from
esparto grass, which grows in Algiers.
The attempt has been made to manu
facture It here, but never with much
success. The English paper eorts hero
about thirteen cents a pound, but there
is as much paper In a pound of It as
there is In two pounds of the ordinary
sort, so that It is really not much more
expensive than the good American
wood-pulp paper with a few rags mix
ed in. There is a fine book paper made
in this country from rags brought from
Egypt. Agents are employed to col
lect them all over the delta of the Nile,
the finest harvest-gound for rags In
the world, perhaps, and they send them
to Alexandria, where they are cleaned
and baled, and then they are shipped
to this country.
QUESTION OF QUALITY.
And now comes the note of despair.
If the paper of today is cheaper than
ever before, it appears that it is also
poorer. When William T. Peoples, the
librarian of the Mercantile Library,
was asked for his views about the pa
per used for the books of the present
day, the sentence of inquiry was not
finished before Mr. Peoples exclaimed:
"The paper is cheaper than It ever was
before, and worse than it ever was be
fore! Why, the bonks that are made
now," he went on. "will scarcely out
wear their bindings. Uy the time the
binding of a book is worn out the book
Itself Is worthless, and it Is better to
get a new one than to try to put a new
cover on It. I don't know how the
historians of a hundred years hence
will be able to find out anything about
our times, for there will be scarcely any
of our books that can be read by that
time. Even books that are left stand
ing on the shelves and seldom taken
from the library seem to decay, and
they go all to pieces. Almost all the
books are printed on wood-pulp paper.
I am not prepared to say that a trood
and durable wood-ptllp- paper cannot
be made, but the most of It Is not good
or durable. The trouble goes back for
perhaps twenty-five years, and through
all that time It has been growing worse.
We find that our books printed more
than twenty-five years ago keep In
better condition and are wearing better
now than theme printed since that time.
The German books are worse than the
American. The paper does not seem to
be made of wood even. It seems to be
clay. In a very short time It all
crumbles away. The English paper. I
think, is In general a little better than
ours. There are few publishers who
make books that are honorable ex
ceptions to what I have said. 'They
i use good paper and produce books Hint
will last, but the moat of them, even
the leading publishers, are turning out
Much things as I have described."
When persons interested in other
frays in the paper trade are consulted
about these points publishers, paper
dealers, etc. they seem reluctant to ad
mit the correctness of the statements
And are Inclined to take refuge In the
fact that Just as good paper Is made
mew as ever. But when they are con
fronted with the clear assertion that
tho cenerai run of book paper now In
use is pcor as compared with that
which was used twenty years ago, they
admit that the proposition is Incontro
vertible. It Is the melancholy fact that
whole libraries of the books that are
turned out now will not last, with or
dinary usage, for twenty years.
"Isn't it better that the most of them
should not last?" is the answer that
lias bceen made to the charge more
than once. Possibly, but that would be
just as good a reason for not printing
them at all, and that Is a question
between the author and the people. If
It were not made seriously, as It prob
ably Is not, it would not be an honest
answer for the paper-maker and the
publisher to make. Say, If you will,
that the public demands cheap books
and Insists on having them, and will
not buy good ones; that the publisher
Is helpless in the hands of the public,
and the paper-maker in the hands of
the publisher. That position has some
show of dignity to It. And that. In
deed, Is the one that Is really taken by
the most of those who consider the
question seriously. And in Justice It
should be said that nobody Is more
sorry for the unfortunate state of
things than some of those who are en
gaged In publishing and In the paper
making business.
PUBLISHERS AND PUBLISHERS.
There are publishers who are merely
shop-keepers and care only for what
will pay beBt for the moment, but there
are also publishers who would gladly
put out fine and artistic and durable
books if the public would meet them
half-way and buy the books In prefer
ence to the cheap and worthless ones.
And some fine books are sold let that
be remembered books that would do
credit to any book-making period.
And they bring good prices. But the
buyers who Insist on having such
books are few, and they never could
support a whole trade. A firm whose
name will suggest itself to every book
lover has recently tried the experiment
of issuing fine books, printed In an ar
tistic manner on fine paper, designed
and executed so as to be an ornament
to any library that might be fortunate
enough to possess them, but It was not
a success. Some beautiful books were
printed, and they will be treasured by
those who have them after hundreds of
later books have fallen Into dust, but
as a business venture It was a failure
and could not be carried on.
The paper-maker would be glad to
make better grades of paper If the pub
lishers would take them, and the pub
lishers would be glad to print their
books on better paper If the public
would take them. The leading pub
Ushers complain that they have to com
pete with the novels thut are sold by
the dry goods stores for a few cents,
and that they cannot do so unless they
keep their expenses In the making of
their books down to the lowest figure
possible. Now, these novels, books on
which there Is no copyright or only a
foreign copyright, which can conse
quently be made for the bare expense
of manufacture, are printed on paper
that costs only two cents or perhaps
two and a half cents a pound. They
are sold, moreover, by men who are
engaged In other business and use them
only to attract people Into their shops
in the hope that they wil buy some
thing else. How are the legitimate
publishers to compete with this trade,
getting out good and well-made books
and paying royalties to authors for
them? Is it any wonder If they are
tempted, from a business point of view,
even forced, to use paper that costs
at the lowest say four cents a pound,
and at the highest, except for those
which are to rank as editions de luxe,
seven or eight cents a pound?
PLEA OF PAPER-MAKERS.
That Is the publishers' side of the
case, and the paper-makers' side in the
light of this, is still simpler; the pub
lishers will have cheap paper for their
customers, and what can they do but
supply it? "I am afraid," said a rep
resentative of one of the leading
American publishing houses, after he
had said a good deal about the paper
business, "that I have not told you
anything that will do you any good,
but if you could awaken a little pub
lic sentiment for good books It would
be a great thing. They will have the
poor books, and they will go and buy
them at the drygoods stores for fifteen
cents instead of going to a bookstore
and getting well made books for well,
they would have to pay a dollar for
them, of course. It has been growing
worse and worse for the last twenty
five years, and I don't see any pros
pect of Us getting any better."
Yet If any one will buy good pa par,
there is Just as good paper to be had
now as there ever was In the history of
the world. This has been hinted be
fore, but !t should be clearly under
stood. The trouble with tho wood pulp
paper, Buy the reputable makers of It, is
not that It Is made of wood pulp, but
that It is badly made. Just as good
paer can be made of pulp, they Insist.
If It Is made Intelllgenty and carefully
and honestly, as can be made of any
thing else. And everybody admits that
whether wood pulp or rags or grass be
the material selected, good paper oan
be made and is made, and can be had
by those who Insist on having it only
so deplorably few Insist on having It.
The Groller Club was founded for the
purpose of fostering art In the making
of books, and the club consistently and
nobly goes In for paper at 60 or 70 cents
a pound, but the charge has been whis
pered against some of the members of
that aesthetic body that they care more
for enriching their own libraries than
for promoting the knowledge and love
of fine and beautiful books among the
people at large. In short. It Is a hard
thing to Inspire a great mass of peo
ple with deep earnestness In the pur
suit of a great Ideal. The mass of the
people will generally have what it
makes up Its mind to have, and If It
ever makes up Its mind to have good
paper for its book 3, It will undoubted
ly have it.
WHENCE CAME SOME FLOWERS.
Garden Favorites and Bloomers Have
Been Gathered in Many Lands.
From the Alps came the ranunculus
and from Italy the mlgonette In 1528,
rosemary from the south of Europe In
1531, the Jasmine from Circassia about
C4S, according to Chambers' Journal.
The year 1567 saw the introduction
if four time-honored favorites the
ourlcula from Switzerland, the pink
from Italy, the gillyflower and carna
tion from Flanders. Spenser, by the
way. In the "Shephearde's Calendar,"
1579, classes the carnation, which he
calls "coronation." with the purple col
umbine and the gillyflower as lovers'
flowers. Now the carnation Is general
ly supposed to have derived Its name
from the carnation or tlesh color of the
original species. But the word us,d
by Spenser suggests that "carnation"
is merely an abbreviation of "corona
tion," In allusion to the crown-like ap
pearance of the flower and its specific
name, betonica coronaria.
The Philological society's "New Eng
lish Dictionary" does not decide which
of the derivations is the only true one,
though one must have originated In a
mistake. Anyhow, the shorter form
was common In Shakespeare's time,
and we have It on Dame Quickly' au
thority that Sir John Falstaff "could
never abide carnation: 'twas a color
he never liked." Lavender was im
ported from the south of Europe not
later than 1568, and the Iaurnum from
Hungary about 157(; while Sir Walter
Raleigh Is credited with having brought
the snowdrop back with him from his
short-lived colony of Roanoke, an
Islund off North Carolina, In 1584.
;
Farther Spread of Crime.
Rivers "Riljordan tells me that when
he went last night to call on Miss High
up she gave him th dead face."
Brooks "She shouldn't have done
that with It. She should have burled
it In her hands," Chicago Tribune.
BRAVE SOLDIERS
IN THE LATE WAR
Reminiscences ot Valorous Exploits
Oleancd from the Records.
GALLANTRY ABOVE THE ORDINARY
The Corporal Who Picked Up a Shell
with Lighted Fuse at Yicksbnrg.
Ensign Rhoades Gallantry at Fort
FisherCpt. Jaliut White and His
Chicago Battery.
Washington Letter, In Globe-Democrat
The war records continue to reveal
Instances of Individual heroism worthy
of mention, of which the following are
a few: The siege of Vlcksburg fur
nished many heroes, but none of a
higher order than Isaac Carman, late
corporal of Company A. 48th Ohio In
fantry Volunteers. When the storming
party from Ulalr'a division, led by
Lawler and Larandam, made the first
capture of a Confederate fort, the flags
of the 77th Illinois and 4Sth Ohio were
placed upon the parapets, and floated
undisturbed from 30.30 In the morning
until 4 o'clock In the afternoon, when
the Confederates massed and by a des
perate charge retook their position.
The heroic deed of Carman Is related
by Captain Posegrate, who had com
mand of Company A, one of the coin
panics which had fousjht Its way Into
the fort. His narrative is as follows:
"Our brigade captured the fort In its
front, together with quite a number of
prisoners. The national colors of the
48th Ohio and the 77th Illinois weie
planted on the fort, and a number of
men were detailed to remain there and
throw up counter works In Its rear.
My company halted on the ditch in
front -of the fort, between the two
bastions and held that position for sev
eral hours. There seeming to be a lack
of strength on our part, no further
advance was attempted. In the after
noon between 4 o'clock and 5 o'clock
the Confederate forces charged the
works and captured them, together
with our men who were In the fort and
drove off those who were on the es
carpment. The charge was so sudden
and fierce that our own colors, together
with those of the 77th Illinois, were left
In the fort, and It seemed as though
they were hopelessly In the hands of the
enemy. I was ordered to withdraw my
company from the ditch, and while
preparing to do so Tsaac N. Carman,
who was personally known to me,
reached my side and Informed me that
he was determined to rescue our colors.
I thought such an attempt, hopeless,
but mude no objection. At this mo
ment a fuse shell thrown by the Con
federates came rolling down the escarp
Into the ditch. The fuse was rapidly
burning, but Carman seized the shell in
his hands and hurled It back Into the
Confederate works, where it exploded.
On the instant he ascended the escarp
ment, seized the coveted flag and com
menced his descent. I watched his ef
fort with admiration and anxiety. Just
as he had reached the abrupt declivity
Into the ditch where we were one of my
men unfortunately changed his posi
tion, receiving Carman upon the point
of his bayonet. Inflicting what was
thought at the time to be a fatal
wound. I thought at the time and
think now that Carman's action was
the most gallant I witnessed during the
war."
General McClernand, being much an
noyed by the work being done by the
battery of one of the confederate forts
at Vlcksburg Immediately in front of
him, ordered General Smith to have two
guns carried up o hill, from which they
could command the fort and effectual
ly return the rebel Are. General Smith
went to several of the batteries, but the
olllcers demurred, said it would be Im
possible to accomplish, and meant cer
tain death for all who essayed It. Gen
eral Smith, not liking to give a positive
ordeir, sent for Captain White, of the
Chicago Mercantile Battery.
"Captain," he said, "if you can get
two guns up that hill we will have the
fort In half an hour!"
"I will try. General," answered White.
He went to his battery, told the men
the work that was before them, and
Immediately set on foot preparations.
All being In readiness, the men started
up the hill, carrying their guns. One
of the guns was struck by a shell rrom
he fort battery and several of the men
were killed. Captain White and his
party with the other gun reached the
crest of the li ill In safety, double shot
ted It quickly and the captain himself
directing, it was fired. It Is said that
the shot entered the mouth of a con
federate cannon which was Just ready
to bo discharged, and exploded It. This
theory Is due to the widespread de
struction which occurred. Many of the
confederates were blown Into the air,
the cotton hales on top of the fort
were set,on fire and the fort rendered
a complete wreck.
When Fort Sumter was almost en
tirely cut off from the outer world,
many of the wives of officers who hud
command of the garrison were In
Charleston, having been forced to go
there for protection. Among them was
the wife of Lieutenant Abner Double
day. The condition of the federals In
the fort was becoming serious. Rations
were growlntr scarce, and matches and
candles had given out. The condition
of the garrison was known In Charles
ton, and the women, whose loved ones
were penned up In the fort, were nat
urally filled with anxiety and grief.
Mrs. Doubleday, under these trying cir
cumstances, decided upon an undertak
ing which not only showed the intens
ity of her devotion for her husband,
but proved her to be a tr,ue heroine.
Securing a boat, she loaded It with pro
visions, and in the dead of night, and
alone, rowed from Charleston to Sum
ter. The danger of her being fired on
was great, but she took the risk, and
reached the fort in safety. When she
came within range of the sentries of
the fort, the call rang out, "Who goes
there?"
The reply in a woman's voice sur
prised the sentry, and several of the
guard were sent down to receive her.
On learning who it was. and of the
relief Bhe brought, the Federals were
overwhelmed with admiration, and the
attentions she received from men and
officers amounted to worship.
Major Henry E. Tretnain, of the Seventy-third
New York volunteers, was a
start officer, serving , under Generai
Daniel E. Sickles, hut at the battle of
Resaca, Ga., he volunteered to assist
General Buttertield In a charge. It was
during this charge that the brigade of
Coburn began firing by mistake Into
the brigade commanded by Colonel
Harrison, afterward president of the
United States. It was due in a great
measure to Major Tremain's presence
of mind and courage that a panic
among the Federals was prevented.
rode In front of Coburn's command,
and General Butterfleld and General
Sickles both testify that they saw him
with his sword knock down the guns of
nearly all the men In the front line of
one regiment to stop them firing. Ma
jor Tremain's gallantry at Chancellors
vllle, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg
was also conspicuous, and General
Sickles says of him in his reports that
"he Is worthy of the highest honor
which the covernment can award."
Brevet Major General Alexander
Stewart Webb went into the war as a
captain, and all his promotions were
tor gallantry on the field of battle. He
participated In seventeen different ac
tions, among them being Mechanics
vllle, Antietam, Chancellorsvllle. Get
tysburg, Spottsylvania and the Wilder
ness. His conduct at Gettysburg Is
particularly noteworthy for Its daring
and absolute fearlessness.-. He was in ;
command of the Second brigade of the
Second division of the Second corps.
He had been with tho color guard of
the Seventy-second Pennsylvania vol
unteers, of whom every man was eith
er killed or wounded. General Webb,
when he left the stricken guard, went
across the front of the companies to
the right of the Sixty-ninth Pennsyl
vania, all the way between the lines,
in order to direct the fire of the latter
regiment upon a company of rebels
who had. under the leadership of Gen
eral Armlstead, sprang over the low
stone wall behind which they had been
ambushed, and were starting for a
charge. He brought on himself the
fire of the rebels, and received a wound
In the groin. He remained In tho sad
dle directing the men and holung
them up to their work until more than
one-half were killed or wounded. Gen
eral Meade, In his letter presenting a
medal to General Webb, mentions this
act as one not surpassed by any gen
eral in the field.
Colonel David Clendenln. of the
Eighth Illinois Cavalry Volunteers,
was. In soldierly bearing nd dash In
action, an Ideal cavalry officer. His
regiment had been recruited by himself,
and his men were all devoted to him.
His regiment was noted In the Army
of the Potomac for gallantry In action,
and In every engagement, where it
gained renown Colonel Clendenln's own
conduct was conspicuous. It was In
the denfense of Washington against
the raid made for its capture by Gen
eral Jubal Early that Colonel Clenden
ln won his chief credit for personal
bravery. Colonel Crendenln's regiment
became engaged in a hand-to-hand
fight wlh the famous Seventeenth Vir
ginia, and Colonel Clendenln, who was
In the thickest of the fray, plucked the
Seventeenth's flag from Its color bearer
with his own hand, and, holding It In
his left hand, wielded his sword with
his .right In such an effective manner
that he beat off several of the confeder
ates who with desperate courage
sought to recover their colors. In his
rejnjrt of this memorable contest Gen
eral Lew Wallace says of Colonel Cltn
denin: "He was as brave a. cavalry
officer as ever mounted a horse." Gen
eral Clendenln was a member of the
military commission which tried and
convicted the assassins of President
Lincoln.
At the battle of Fort Fisher Ensign
William N. Rhoades, of the navy, wus
among those who volunteered to go
ashore with the storming party. When
he troops were landed Rhoades was
detailed to take charge of a party of
the men from the Susquehanna and
Join the party of sappers and miners
under Lieutenant Preston, who were to
dig rille pits at the front of the fort.
Rhoades and his men started oft al
most immediately and worked their
wuy to the front from one rifle pit to
another. The last pits were dug quite
close to the fort near the sea end. In
the charge made by the sailors they
went u; the beach directly to the sea
angle of the fort without occupying
the pits. A fire was opened from the
fort on the storming party, the men
who were digging the rille pits got their
share and all of Ensign Rhoades' party
were killed save himself and a young
seaman, James Shannon. When the
storming party was beaten back En
sign Rlmades and Seaman Shannon
were left alone, and, seeing the Feder
als had returned to the attack on the
west end of the fort, Rhoades picked
up a shovel, and with this held along
side of his head and followed by Shan
non with a boat flag unfurled and the
staff over his shoulder, they ran the
whole length of the land face of the fort
to where their own men were fighting.
Reaching their goal In safety they each
picked up rltlcs and belts from dead
soldiers and fought their way Into the
fort with their fellows. The boy sea
man. Shannon, was given the honor of
being the first to place the stars and
stripes upon the parapet.
DAVID C'OI'PEItFIELD.
Miss Mowcher in the Flesh Called the
Novelist to Account.
From the Philadelphia Ledger.
When Dickens was a young man,
with literary ambitions, he contem
plated writing his own life, "David Cop
perlleld," however, was not written un
til Dickens' fame as an author was es
tablished. Many of the adventures ascribed to
David Copperfleld were undergone by
Dickens himself, and not a few of the
characters presented In the novel were
the author's personal friends.
The orlclnal of the famous Mr. Mi
cawber was Mr. Dickens, sr., the novel
ist's own father, an unfortunate but
agreeable gentleman, who afforded his
son much Innocent amusement by rea
son of his grandiloquent language and
inordinate love of letter writing. When
Dickens was a boy, his father, like
Wilkins Mlcawber, was Imprisoned for
debt, and Charles, like David, went
daily to und fro between his lodgings
and the Jail.
His experience at Hungerford Mar
ket, his horror of his rough and rude
companions, and his dally wanderings
about the streets of London are all
faithfully recorded In those chapters of
"David Copperfleld" dealing with the
hero's stay at the house of Murdstone
and Grlnby.
David's subsequent adoption by his
aunt, Mltfe Betsey Trotwood, who, by
the way, Is an Imaginary personage,
and his apprenticeship at Doctors'
Commons, owe something to real life.
Dickens was for many years connected
with Doctors' Commons, hut not like
David as a student, but as a shorthand
writer In the court. The Incident of
David's life In chambers, however, are
copied very faithfully from those of
Dickens. -
Readers ot tho novel will not forget
Miss Mowcher, although she makes but
two brief appearances. She would
certainly have been more prominent
had not Dickens, upon reaching the
twenty-second chapter, In which she
first appears, received a letter from the
original of the character, calling him
to account for the liberty he had taken.
Dickens was sincerely sorry to have
given offense, and expressed his regret
that, by copying too closely the pecu
liarities of his grotesque little friend,
he should have caused her to be recog
nized. He had intended to use Miss
Mowcher In an unpleasant manner, but
hS promised to change her character in
such a way that only an agreeable im
pression should be left. This he done
in chapter 32 of the novel., which un
does much of chapter 22.
All Dickens1 books were great reali
ties to him. "David Copperfleld" espec
ially so. He loved the Pegotty group
of characters best of all. and was very
fond. Indeed, of Little Em'lv. On the
chapter called "Tempest." which de
scribes the ship-wreck off Yartmouth
and the death cf Ham and Stecrforth.
the author spent fourteen and a half
laborious hours, and finished utterly ex
hausted. A Day Off.
"I went fishing Sunday with Jones.
You known Jones reporter on the
Trumrst?"
"I suppose he's been telling some tall
stories about the catch."
"No; he's told nothing but the pimple
truth. Jones is viry glad to get away
from the routine of his business once
In awhile." Life.
Through the Glass Darkly.
"Ha!" cried the bold navigator. "Bring
me a glass.
He scanned, the horizon eagerly.
"Another glnss. Ha!"
After the second glass he had no trouble
whatever In discerning the outline of the
sea serpent, which wus signaling that Its
steering gear was not under good control,
Detroit Tribune.
Didn't Appreciate His Lurk.
Bklnneman "What a lucky fellow you
are! You've got the wishbone."
Star-Boarder "Yes, that's all I have got.
I'll exchange with you for a piece of the
meat." Judge.
LITERARY NOTES.
Hobart Chatflcld Chatfleld-Taylor's se
ries on Spain which he Is printing in tho
Cosmopolitan Is to be Issued In book form
together with several additional articles
which have not been published. There
will be some changes In the book which
will be called The Land of the Castanet.
Messrs. Herbert S. Stone & So., of Chica
go, are to be the publishers.
It Is Elbert Hubbard's Philistine which
perpetrates this libel: "'How natural
that dead man looks!' exclaimed the
Scranton girl In the National Gallery as
she stood speechless before the great
painting, After the Battle. "How natural
that dead man looks one could almost
swear ha is alive!' "
"I had a terrible dream the other night,"
writes Walter Blackbuiff Harte In the Lo
tus. "I dreamt that every Individual In
tt.'at contemptible abstraction, The Pub
lic, the immense sea of millions, had sud
denly become fastidious and critical. The
effect can better be Imagined than de
scribed. The next scene In the dream was
the catastrophe In contemporary litera
ture and Journalism. The dead-carts were
In the streets day and night, and one-half
of my prosperous contemporaries wetv
tuckeil quietly away In the cemeteries
within twenty-four hours!" That must
have been a dream,
A nun may read proofs all his life with
mechanical monotony ami Indifference, but
let him take up the proofs of his own rare
und lung-cherished Bird probably scorned
and unwclcomed child of thought and
fancy, smugKled at last, we will suppose,
Into some ohseuro print, and he cannot
help but thrill und tremble with a happi
ness too tremorous for this world's eys.
The Lark.
Here Is some curious Kansas City phil.
osophy from the Lotus: "The nilldi'.t man
In the world likes to be considered a sad
wag, a wicked dog! 1 believe If one per
sisted long enoUKh. such Is the susceptibil
ity of human nature In this mutter, that
even the Rrcatcst sage would finally smile
at the Impeachment. All of which shows
how Imperfectly monogamous Is man, and
how untamable is the old Adam and na
ture. But Adam, according lo report, had
no chance to suw any wild oats in his lone
ly Eden, and Eve never had anything to
be jealous of but her own reflection In a
stream. And yet they came to grief."
One Way.
"liringet, you've broken as much
china this month as your wues amount
to. Now, how can we prevent this oc
curring again?"
"Ol don't know, mum, unless yez
raises me wages." Life.
FOR INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL USE
CURES AND PREVENTS
Colds. Coughs, Sore Throat, Influents, Bron
cbltls, Pneumonia, Swelling of the Joluts,
Lumbago, Inflammations,
i iiuuiinuuin
FROSTBITES, CHILBLAINS, HEADACHE,
TOOTHACHE, ASTHMA,
DIFFICULT BREATHING.
CURES THE WORST PAINS In from
one to twenty minutes. NOT ONE HOl'lt
after reading this advertisement need uny
one SL'FFEU WITH PAIN.
Railway's Ready Relief Is a Sure Cure for
.icrjr rum, sprains, nruises, faint in tne
Back, Chest or Limb. It was the first
and is the only VWH RliMEUY
That Instantly stops the most excruciating
pauin, aiiityR iiuKtmniuiion, ani cures i on
gfstioiis, whether of the Lungs, Stomach,
Bowels, or other glunds or organs, by one
application.
A half to a teaspoonful In half a tumbler
of water will in a few minutes cure
CrampH, Spasms, Sour Stomach, Heart,
burn, Nervousness, Sleeplessness, Sick
rit-iiunene, jimrrneu, Dysenterv, colic
Flatulenev utnl nil Infm 'iiitl nalna
There is not a remedial agent in the
world that will eure Fever und Ague nnd
all other Malarious, Bllllous and other
fevers, aldeil by HADWAV'S BILLS, to
Fifty cents per bottle. Sold by Druggists.
RADWAY & CO.,
55 Elm Street New York.
WHEELS rj WHEELS
BICYCLES.
ON AND AFTER SEPT. 1ST, 18IW, WE
will crier all of tho following wheels w
niny have In stock at Jobber's Prices : Wolf
American, Pierce. Iver-Juhnson, Waverly and
Featherstono Llue. This is an opportunity
to nt a tood wheel cheap. We still have the
famous "Crawford," u wheel that runs as
light and eusy nnd wears equal to any Slliu
machine on the market. Come and seo what
wo cau do tor you in our Hue.
L R. PARKER, 321 SPRUCE 8!.
PICKLING CUCUMBERS
: Pickling CQCumbsrs, Cauli
flower, Horse-Radish Root,
Pickling Onions, Ginger
Root, Red Cabbage, Mangoes,
Hot Peppers, Dill.
1 R IlTrSffi. MARKET
CALL UP 3682,
CO.
KiiKi
OFFICE AND WAREHOUSE.
Ml TO 151 MERIDIAN STREET.
51. W. COLLINS, Manager.
Ift.
,What Sarah Bern hard says
iiifipM
M J
2,000,000 BARRELS
Made and Sold In Six Months, ending larch 1, 1896,
Total Product of
1
E
i ill Mil y
The A Mill Alone produced 1,000,000 Barrels,
Largest Run on Record.
Washburn, Crosby's Superlative la sold everywhere from the
Pacific Coast to St. John's. New Foundland, and in England, Ireland
and Scotland very largely, and is recognized aa the best flour in the
world.
MEGARGEL
WHOLESALE AGENTS.
High
Grade
Shaw,
Emerson,
Malcolm Lots.
Clongii A WarreiL
Carpenter,
Waterloo.
And Lower Grades a
Very Low Prices.
J. LAWRENCE STELLE,
S03 SPRUCE STREET.
Spring House
HEART LAKE, SUSQ'A CO..
U. E. CROFUT, PROPRIETOR
THIS HOUSE! Is Btrlctly temperance,
new and well furnlahed and OPENED TO
THE PUBLIC THE YEAR ROUND, il
located midway between lllnghamton anJ
Scranton, on the Montroae and Lacka
wanna Railroad, six miles from D., L. A
W. R. R. at Alford Station, and five miles
from Montrose; capacity elrhty-flve,
three minutes' walk from railroad station
House situated 100 feet from the lake,
wide veranda extends the entire length
of the house, which is 100 feet
Row Boats, Flshlnsj Tackle, Etc.
Free to (iuests.
Altitude about 2,000 feet, equalling In this
respect the Adirondack and Catsklll
Mountains.
Fine groves, plenty of shade and beautl.
ful scenory, making a Summer Resort ur.
excelled In beauty and cheapness.
Dancing pavilion, swings, croquet
grounds, etc. COT.,r SPRING WATER
AND PLENTY OP MILK.
Rates $7 to $io Per Week. Si. 50 Per Day.
Excursion tickets sold at all stations oa
D.. L. & W. lines.
Porter meets all trains.
BALDWIN'S
THE BEST IN THE MARKET
GREAT VARIETY OF SIZES.
THE
l COU CO.,
434 LACKAWANNA AVENUs
MIDSUMMER
Sterling Silver Shirt Waist
Sets, worth 65c to $1; choice
for 50c. Worth $1.25 to $1.75;
choice for $1.00.
Sterling Silver Belt Buckles,
worth 3.SO, at $2.50. Worth
$2.50, at $1.75.
Closing Otit all our Fine
China at about Half Price.
t Genuine Rogers' Triple
Plate Spoons, Forks and
Knives at reduced prices. Fn
graved free.
Tea Sets, Ice Pitchers, Cake
Baskets, etc., finest plate, new
styles, very low prices. At
our New Store,
130 WYOMING AVENUE
HEI1
CLOSING SALE
.lERCEREflU I CONNELL
UHtEJQHJaV&J
GONNELL
JAMES MOIR,
THE MERCHANT TAILOR
Has Moved to HI New Qaarters,
402 Lackawanna Avenue.
Entrance on aids next to First National
Dank. He has now ia a
Comprising everything requisite for Sue
Herobant Tailoring. And the same oaa
be shown to advantage in bis spleaa
dlaly Sued n room
k SPECIAL INVITATION
Is Extends to All Resders of The Trlb
mm to Call on "OLD RELIABLE" In HI
New Business Home
E. ROBINSON'S
Lager
Beer
Brewery
Manufacturers of tht Celebrated
ft! loger Ei
CAPAClTVi
100,000 Barrels per Annum
THE
MSIC POWDER CO.,
ROOMS I AND 2, COM'LTH Bl'0'6,
SCRANTON, PA.
MINING AND BLASTING
POWDER
MADE AT MOOSIC AND RUSaV
DALE! WORKS.
LAFLIN RAND POWDER CO'S
ORANGE GUN POWDER
Electric Batteries, Electric Exploders, for ex
plodlug blasts. Safety Fuse, and
Repaono Chemical Co.'s
HIUH
EXPLOSIVES,
FOR
Ur. Van Pelt's MunJ
thlv Reeulatlna: Veol
ta f Mil r a ctable Granules cowl
W Vj IVI C. fM inand anil maintain J
continuous trade aa arerupurativeinexhaus!
lion and debility peculiarly Incident to
woman of tender roratituttona inrouthandl
did age. Ther have to equal. 'J bo faculty!
atrongiy recominena men), ue&cripuve cir
'cular free, sent fecnirely fpiilpd. Ju venial
Toilet Co., Dept. fff bvttrlan Blag., N. V.
REVIVO
HESTORES VITALITY.
Made a
1st Umj,
Well Man
10th Day.
of Me.
t:e ufeat 30th
produces the aboTe result ta:3l days. It art!
powerfully and quickly. Cures when all otbera faiL
Vouugnitu will regain their lent manhood, and old
men will rerorer their youtliful or by uilns
BKV1VO. It quickly and aurely SMtorea Nervous
new, Lout Vitality, Irapotnncy, tightly Emissions,
Lost Power, railing Memory, Wanting Diaeases. and
all effects ot self-abuse or eicwaand indiscretion,
which unfits one for study, business or marriage. It
not only cures by s'larting at the seat of d.sease. but
ia a great nerve tonle and blood builder, bring
ing bark the pink glow to pain cheeks and re
storing the Are ot youth, it wards off rnsanlty
and Consumption. Insist on having RKVIVU.no
other. It can be carried In vest aocktt. By null,
jt.00 per package, or six tot &., with a aal
written guarantee ta euro or reraad
'lie money. Circular froo. AtMrass
-"'. wrgiHrJsro fit 'HtCffn. '.'
For Sain by MATTHEWS BROS., Drna
1 ran
syV mmuu.
bar-
fiat Mraaton, rn.

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