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THE SCBANTON TBIBUNE WEDNESDAY MOENING, OCTOBER 7, 1896.
6 MUSIC IS BETTER THAN MEDICINE Facti About the Curative Propertlei of Harmonious Sounds. SOME INTERESTING EXPERIMENTS Music Sore to Play an Important Part in the Medirnl Practice of the Futnre Wbnt lias Already Been Accomplished in This Direction. From Music. . A great deal of attention has lately teen given to music as a therapeutic HKent. Indeed, the "experiments", in this direct ion of scientists, physleimis, mesmerists and nondescript of various kinds are becoming somewhat contiin One experimenter has ilist-ovi red that music incites the action of the heurt uml that this action InlliM'nces the i-irvillatloii of the lilntid, causinff it to coincide with the chanpeH In the breathinp. Another says that the func tional activity of the skin is powerfully tititimlated by music, while Prof, t'oz xollna of Naples recalls a demonstra tion iriven by Charcot at the Saloetru-re of the beneilt derived from music by a selected group of his patie.its, all suf fering from neuroses of varying de crees of intensity. That distingulshe.1 physiologist. Prof, larchanoft of St. .Petersburg has found that "if t'10 An gers are completely fatigued, either by voluntary effort or by electric, excita tion, music has the power of making the fatigue. disappear," a very doubt ful 'experiment." seeing that the lin gers of the pianist are quite as liable to become fatigued as the finijors of other people who seldom hear a, note of music. Again, there are the Interestlnz ex periments of Dr. Wavthin, of Viciitit. in the way of hypnotizing patients and dosing them with music while In a slate of trance. These experiments seem to show pretty conclusively that the man without music in his soul does not really exist. The doctor's subjects were live men antl two women who were almost entirely unafTecte'l by music when in their normal state.. Be fore hypnotizing them, Dr. Warthln "suggested" to them the will to pre serve their Impressions after having nwakened. One of the subjects, aged forty, had Wagner's "Walkuerenritt" played to him. His pulse Immediately became stronger and more rapid. The tension was increased by 60 and the beats advanced to 120. Simultaneously the respiration rose from 18 to 30 a minute; the face expressed great agita tion and the whole body was covered with a profuse respiration. When roused from the hypnotic state the sub ject declared that he had not been sen sible to the music as a sound, but only as a general sensation, a frt of excite ment like that produced by "a rapid flight through space." Dr. Warlliin states that he has found nothing so ef fective as music in hypnotizing refrac tory subjects.. One such subject re mained insusceptible to everything tiut the pilgrim's chorus in Tannhauser;" when this was played he usually suc cumbed about the llfth bar. There is Ihen hope for the eternity of Wagner's fame yet! In the way of further "ex periments" we have to note the exist ence in London of the so-called cStiilcl of St. Cecilia, which seeks to charm away pain and induce sleep by the soothing strains of music, and even contemplates, or did contemplate, a mission of mercy by telephonic aid. Further, we have the announcement that music Is being more and more systematically employed in our lunatic asylums, and that the medical profes sion in general are gradually coming FALL AMD If you are in need of a Suit or Overcoat do not fail to call and seeyour stock. Your Suit is in the lot waiting for you. It's your fit; just your idea of a good suit, and just your price. We have a stock in perfect touch with fashion's requirements. Black Cheviot, fall-weight Overcoats, $8, $10, $12 and $18. Covert Overcoats, $12 and $15. Fine Worsted and Silk Hixed Overcoats, $18 and $20. nice Plaid and Brown flixed Suits, single and double-breasted, $8.50. $10, $12, $15 and $20. Best made and very stylish. Black Clay Worsted Suits, at all prices from $10 to $25. Children's Reefers, black and blue, at all prices, $2 to $7. IV, GREAT SALE OF UNDERWEAR THIS WEEK The product of "The Luzerne Knitting Mills." Ask to See It Dr. Wright's Hygienic Underwear, $4.00 a Suit Guaranteed a Preventive Against Colds and Rheumatism. D to recognise It aa an agent In the cure or alleviation of various of tne Ills that flesh la tielr to, , , ' . NOT,. A NQ'VELT.' Now, interesting as it is to note all these developments, the fact remains that here is nothing very new .about this recognition of the curative powers of music. That certain physical pains might be alleviated by the Greeks and Romans, and the circumstances that bodily and mental disease may be ef fected in more or less degree by music has been a subject of remark with scientific writers of all nations from Arlstoenus and Euclid down to Rous seau and Buffon. Look for a moment at the ancient classics. In the "Me dea" of Kurlpldes the nurse expresses her surprise' to. the chorus that music instead of being composed merely for feasts and banquets, should not equally have' had a medical application to such maladies as .that of her mistress. a passage, l.v the way. rendered ilnely by the author of "The Pleasures of Hoie." You will find Cicero asserting the amazing power of music over many diseases, and Plato supiiorting him with the suggestion that harmony ef fects, the mind just as air effects the body! Plutarch tells us that Thelates, the Cretan, delivered the I.acedemonneis from the pestilence by the music of his lyre; while Murtiunus-Capella as sures us that he knew of fevers being removed by song, and that Kscleplades cured deafness by the sound of a trum pet, another rather doubtful experi ment. Pythagoras and Xenoreates brought maniacs to their senses by melodious sounds; according to the old historian, Suldus. Timoiheus the Creat by his tlute playing that he "suddenly rose from the . table and seized his weapons." whether to deal destruction on Timotheus or otherwise we are not Informed: Perhaps Alexander had too much wine, and if the flutist played badly he might easily be made furious. The story reminds one of the case of Henry IV. of Denmark, cited by Krafit zlus. Henry hail been told of a certain musician who boasted that he could "either vex or please those who heard his music and either lay them asleep or put them into a fury." He decided to try the experiment in his own per son, and the experiment succeeded so effectively that the king .in the height of his fury, "killed several of his cour tiers with his lists." He should cer tainly have begun by slaying the musician. On the other hand, it Is in teresting to note what Aristotle tells about the Tyrrhenians, that they never scourged their slaves without at the same time giving them a "counter poise" to the pain by a course of flute music. The mythology of Oreece tells of Chiron, who with the help of music not only cured the sick, but also soft ened the tits of anger of his charge, the famous Achilles: while Thales. act ing on the authority of a neighboring oracle who seems to have hail great weight in the consulting world, cured a raging plague in Sparta by It. Aulus tlcllius, Athcnciis, Celius Aureliiius, Theophrastus. all availed themselves of music to calm the offerings caused by neuralgia, sciatica and gout. Celius actually advises recurrence to the Phrygian mode In case of those weigh ed down by melancholia, while for rag ing lunatics he would prescribe the Doric mode. Some or these ancient "cures" are no doubt apocryphal, but there are others we. need not question, any more than we question the soften ing of Saul's anger by the music of David's harp. Hut we are not dependent solely upon the old classics for facts to show that music hath charms to soot lie the savage and the sickly. Indeed, any one who looks into the subject with some minuteness will be surprised at the amount of writing that exists In con nection with it. The indefatigable Hurney has dealt with the matter very fully, and has collected the testimonies of several historians ami the opinions of many physicians. Richard Kast cott in his "Sketches of the Origin and 1 J Hats and Furnishing Goods, For men and boys. We sell the celebrated "Hopkins' Hat" at $3.00; the best hat in the market for $3.00. B D OHO Progress of Music." published In 1793. also devotes a large amount of space til it. Kastcott's experience it may. however, be remarked, were not uni formly in favor of the" poet's conten tion that "Music can soften pain to ease, and make despair and madness please." For example, he recounts the cases of several men who fainted upon hearing certain kinds of music. One man was taken to the opera, but the opera was Ames's "Artaxerxes," and one does not wonder that a man fainted after hearing the overture of that deadly dull work. It is Kastcott again who tells the story of a Mr. Hur ton, a "celebrated chorus singer," who fainted at he Handel commemoration services in Westminster Abbey. The overture to Esther so violently agitated this gentleman that after lying in a swoon for some time he expired.' "At Intervals he was able to speak, and only a few. minutes before breathing his last he declared that it was the wonderful effect of the music which had thus fatally operated on him." There is no reason to doubt the gen uineness of this story, for several other cases of the kind are on record. SENSITIVE NERVES. There is a well authenticated In stance of a man upon whose nervous system it so acted that he was obliged to leave the room previous to music being introduced. This man made two linul experiments in hope of overcom ing the weakness, but both ended in his being seized with a convulsion in the jaw, greatly to the alarm of his friends. Mine. Mallbian. in like man ner, now and again suffered intensely from the effect of music. For example, when she heard Heethoven's C minor symphony for the first lime at the Paris conservatory, she was seized with such convulsions that she hud to bo carried out of the room. Rousseau says he knew a lady who could not hear any kind of music without being seized with involuntary and convulsive laughter. In Halliard's "Life of Char lemagne" we are told of a woman who, when she heard an organ for the first lime, was so transported with rapture thut she never recovered from the ef fect, and died In consequence, which is not a bad testimony to the organs, of Charlemagne's time. We all know that each time the bagpiper of the llurtz plays a maiden dies: and charming writer whose versatility must not be taken as pointing o a want of veracity, tells us of a death which was attributed to a neighboring band. If the story is true no doubt the hand was a brass one. There is a much quoted anecdote about -Mozart tainting away at the sound of a trumpet, "an Instrument of which, up to the age of 10. he had the greatest dread." "He could not bear the trumpet." says Holmes. In his life of the composer, when blown by itself, "and was alarmed to see It even han dled. His father, thinking to remove this childish fear, desired that' it should be blown before him, notwith standing all his entreaties to the con trary. At the first blast he turned pale and sank to the ground, and seri ous consequences might have ensued had the experiment been persisted in." Mozart at any rate seems to have got pretty quickly over his dislike for the trumpet, for In the catalogue of his works produced between his seventh and twelfth years the instrument fig ures frequently. There is no .doubt, however, that with some excitable na tures music, from being at first a voluptuous enjoyment, soon degener ates Into an acute sense of suffering. Htiiioz was a witness to this in his own person; and in one of his works he has described his feelings In a very expressive way. To the sensation of pleasure he says succeeded a general excitation, a greater activity of circu lation, of beating the arterial vessels of the head, an outburst of tears, spasmodic and tetanic contractions of the muscles, a tremor in all the limbs, a progressive stiffening of the extremi ties, swimming in the head, an ap proach to syncope, a crisis completely 220 LACKAWANNA hysterical. This state nf being was surely remarkable enough in one who had t make his living by music; hut perhaps it depended , to some extent upon the kind of music which he heard. A course of Berlioz himself hus been known to produce feeiings of restless ness and disquietude in some minds; a surfeit of Schumann might make cer tain people morbid; and it is possible that the cloying sweetness of Choln might tend to voluptuousness In some individuals. Shakespeare certainly seems to recognize this fact. The sen suous Cleopatra calls music "the moody food of love;" and the duke's words in "Measure for Measure" are very explicit on the point: Music hath such a charm To make bail good and good provoke to harm. AMONG MEDICAL WRITERS. The return, however, to our main theme. We were speaking of the great amount of attention given by writers and physicians at various limes to the question of medicinal music. There Is a medical treatise written by a Spanish lady as far back as the time of Klizu betb, in which music is represented as "that which tends most to comfort, re juice and strengthen the brain, ami as a disarmer of epilepsy." There is an anonymous pamplih-l, ( date 1 T4H. entitled "lielli-cllcins of Ancient and Modern Music, Willi the Aoiilicutloll of the cure of the disease," which, how ever, I have not seen. Twenty years before this certain kic-liaic! Hi own. "an apothecary of Oldham." h id published a I look "tin the Effects of Singing. .Mu sic and Dancing on Human Kodies." The specialty of this work is its rec ommendation of the exercise of singing as useful in certain disorders. In dis cussing this point, the author lays down a number nf propositions be ginning, "There is a sympathy between the soul and the animal spirits." und going on to assert that animal spirits regulate the action of the heart: that the pressure of air in the lungs, caused by singing, more effectually removes deleterious mutter from the blood, and so on, "The singing of certain mel ancholy, languishing tunes, continues this old philosopher, "does, instead of elevating the spirits, rather tend to their depression, und. therefore, In or der to enjoy the pleasing und profitable effect thut I have promised in singing, we are to make choice of such tunes as, having life and vigor In their com position, are adapted m cheer and elevate the soul and invigorate the motion of the spirit." Apart from the good effects of singing upon the singer, this old writer especially recommends music us helpful In uttacks of the "spleen or vapors." Where a soft adugio. according to Mr. Hrower. would he "very improper, as by Its melodious strains it only tends to soothe our melancholy and bring a languishing upon the spirits that are already droop ing." the author pins his faith to a "brisk allegro." which he proclaims to lie of "prodigious service In the cure of apoplexies, lethargies, etc." The Ct. Ceciltuns, It Is understood, put their trust In soft and gentle strains. They must take care not to bring a lan guishing upon the spirit, though the patient may prefer it to any results derived from the "airy, sprightly strokes of an allegro." Mr. Hurrettl, nn eminent physician who made the music of the ancients his particular study, was of the opinion that music has the power of affecting the whole nervous system, so as to give a temporary relief in certain dis eases: and Jacques Bonnet In his "HIs tolre le la Musique," (ITiT.) tells us how on one occasion lie was entertaineii by a friend then In the service of the Prince of Orange, with the perform ance of three llrst rate musicians, who were constantly employed by the prince to keep him free frnnvmojancholy. The same remedy. It may be remembered, was used by Philip V. of Spain, when, as the Result of bereavement, he fell Into a state of melancholia. The queen got Farlnella to sing regularly to him, and as a result his health was very mmER Iff & soon restored. Moreover. Ferdinand VI. Inherited this saine melancholia from his father. Philip, and wus also cured In a like manner. Apropos of ull this, old burton, when he penned his "Anatomy of Melancholy," wus not likely to forget music as a potent rem edy for that too Impracticable nialudy; but he also cites the relief afforded by it in the hands of the physician to many "frantic persons," and tells how Clinias and Empedocles "cured some desper ately melancholy and some mud" by the same means. It Is with him "a sover eign remedy" and one that Will "drive away the devil himself." This driving away the devil, by the way, was a spec ial object of ambition with Luther, and it is curious to find that he also recom mends music as being specially fitted for the purpose. "The devil," says the reformer, "is a sturnine spirit and music Is hateful to him und drives him far away from it." It is a countryman of Luther's upon whom Snuthey drops a passing note of admiration for that he, a phvsiclun, "administered cat's en trails as a panacea." We know that catgut Is quite innocent of any connec tion with the bowels of the domestic puss, but Soiitbey's meaning Is pluiu. and I .ill In"' would almost certainly have approved tjie remedy. Mlllon ie eoinmcliiled musical exercises before meat as a relief to the mind, and ad vises it after meat "to assist and cher ish nature in her llrst com oil Inns, ami send the ininil back to study In good tune and satisfaction." And Milton practiced what lie preached, for In the account of his day's occupation we find that bis custom was after dpiner to "play on tin- organ and sing or hear another sing." Douglas Jerrold de clared that he haled to dine amidst the strains of a military band: he said lie could taste the brass 111 bis soup. Hut perhaps he would h-ive had no objec tion to music of u ouiet tvpe such us Milton evidently advocated. IN' ANCIENT tiEMMANY. The (lerman magistrates of olden time used to hire musicians to play, and "lusty companions"' to "trip the light fantastic toe" with those ullllcteil with St. Vitus's dance. At the out break of epidemics, too, they would call In the aid of the leading musicians in order to lessen to some extent the horror and fear which were spread everywhere, and which of themselves often brought on the disease. Even the deadly bile of the tarantula was indirectly rendered illiniums, by the power of music. The great thing was to keep the patient awake, for if he went to sleep before the poison was extracted he was sure to be -a dead man in no time, and so the music was chosen, and of a peculiarly exhilarating kind, to throw the hapless wight Into a violent lit of dancing which brought on a plentiful perspiration ami thus effected a cure. One may be sKeptical on the matter of etlicacy; but at least, we knnwthntthe'Taruntella" survives, and that several of our best composers have written in the form and charac ter of the old dance tune. The last movement of Weber's sonata in E minor Is a masterpiece of the kind. Even at the present time music is re garded by some semi-civilized natives as a medical agent. It is nearly al ways used In those countries where there Is a general belief that sickness Is produced by the malignant Inllueuce of evil spirits, the notion Dicing the Lutheran one that music drives those spirits away. As a cure for Insanity, music has been in more or less repute front the earliest times. Shakespeare alludes to it in Richard III., where the king snys: His music muds me. let it sound no more. Kor though It helps madmen to their wits, To me It seems ll will make wise men mad. LATER INSTANCES. We nil remember the case of the late eccentric King of Bavaria, who. when suffering from one of his periodical headaches, used to send for Nachbaur to sing the dream song from "Musanl ello" and Straddella's "Prayer," both 1 J H A AVENUE. of which hud usually a soothing effect upon his majesty. f Mamizer. In h's "Musle and Education records the case of a woman in a illasgow asylum who from hearing an old Scotch song one evening had the faculty of memory aroused and gradually came to such a clear understanding that she could he restored to her friends. A touching story of a somewhat kindred nature appeared not long ago In the Philadel phia Record. The Record states that In the Philadelphia hospital's Insane department successful results have fol lowed the treatment of diseased minds by a mild application of the cause of the trouble. A teacher of music some time ago became Insane and was taken to the hospital. The treatment was tried on him and he was dally taken to the piano. "His hands were placed upon the keys, onlv to wander over them blindly und without the slightest Indication of skill. He would often turn away his heud. and when forced to look upon the instrument that had once been his companion ami pride, it was with disgust. Perseverance, how ever, prevailed upon kindly tuition, and in a lew da vis his eyes became tilled wi'h their old lire. His lingers no long er wandon-d aimlessly over the key board, bul. as ihoii:;h realizing he had found a lost friend, began playing with all I he penl-up. passion of a soul that had Just been liberated from sonie hor rible thrallilciiii. l-'cir sevi,il minutes he played as ope in a dream, nncl then his head fell on his breast and be wept like a cliilil." Thai man is todav per fectly sane. It Is said that the usual ef fect of music unon a deluded patient would lie to m-ike him susceptible to the Inllueuce f suggestion, and thus enable the doctor to tlx his attention. It is suggested, too. Unit by cullflig forth some reaction, music would assist Hie nhysiiian In diagnosing between stupor and melancholia and anergic stupor. Any experiments of that kind would certainly be waleheil not only by medlcHl scientists, bul by musicians with due attention. On the whole. It Would seem that music Is to form a very important function in the medical world of the future. . tiltioniy l.oi ill Manic. Much to I he surprise or Proprietor Hurst. cT Hie Hurst hotel, says the St. Louis lb-public, one of his regular board ers walked up to the desk yesterday morn ing, paid his bill, uml announced his In tention of leaving. Mr. Hurst solicitous ly inquired the reason. If there had been any intittentlon Mr. Hurst assured his guest he would see that It was remedied. "Well." sabl the guest, "it may seem foolish to you, Hurst, but I have a reason for leaving. I have nothing unainst the hotel. 1 tliink it is the nicest place to live in I ever saw. Hut you know 1 am superstitious, and my superstition is ell that is tuklng me away. "It is customary with me, as you know, to take a few drinks through the ilhy. 1 ko into your saloun and 1 Unci that the name of the man who inanuges It 1s Merry. This in Itself doesn't amount to anything, but his assistant Is named Graves. Of course the tact wouldn't cut any particular uniotuit of Ice with you, hut it does w-lili me. esnecially when 1 Hud that you have a nlKht clerk named Coflln. And then you have a porter named i"!unn. and a chunihei maid named Vitrll, to say nothing or a hell boy named Sehroud and an elevator boy mimed Sex ton. Taken in connection with the name of the place, which can be easily mis taken for 'Hearse,' there is too much around lure to siiKgest a funeral to stilt me, Hurst too much to fUKKcst. a fune ral. " And then the superstitious man de parted, and Mr. Hurst thought long und deeply. There w'll be some loose hotel talent In tow n about Saturday. A Modern Miracle. He dropped a match from the bridge and it lit on the water. Judge. LOTH ON (1 K 15 1 HESITATE NO LONGEB. Modesty In women is natural. It In one of women's chief charms. i No one cares for one who really lacks this essential to womanliness. Women have suffered fearfully because of over-sensitive nesa in this dlrec tiou. They could- n t say tu the phy biciun what they ought to say to someone. Mrs.' Piukhatn hus re ceived the con fidence of thou--Bauds. Women open their hearts tu her. She understands their suffering, and hus the power to relieve and cure, tu neurly all cases the source of women's suffering- is in the womb.j In many cases the Sale physician doea not understand the case tud treats tha patient for consumption iudigestion' anything but the right tiling. It is under such circumstances that thousands of women have turned tf Mrs. 1'inklinin, at Lynn, Mass., and opened their heurt and lives woraau to woman und received her help. Yon ask how she can tell if the doctor cannot ? He cause no man living ever treated so many cases und possesses such vast expei ience. Displacement, inflammation, torpid action, st agnation, sends to all parta of the body the puins that crush you, Lydiu K, Pinkham's " Vegetable Compound" is the sure cure for thut trouble. For twenty years it bus dona x its grand work and cured thousands NO t.'OOUWOU.U COM K. Tom Heed Punctures the Fallacy r'ree Silver. From His Portland Speech. Wc never were able, when there wa a difference of 2 or :i per cent., to keep the one metal alongside of the other it was always either gold or silver: never both. Now, if the ITnlteil State! then could not lift a silver dollar thul was worth only two cents less than tin gold dollar, can she now lift a fifty cent dollar to the height of 100 cents (Applause.) And if she can. why should we want to do It ? Suppose you have got a house: Is it worth anv more, in it any different house, whether It St worth I'.nftO silver half dollars of 1,(HK gold whole dollars? (Applause.) If you want to count your house at more dol lars why not cut the gold dollars ii. two and measure it by gold? Are there any more potatoes in four thousand pecks than there are in a thousand bushels? If I remember my arithmetic aright, and perhaps I don't, your house is the same, your farm 1st the same. It produces the same t-uaiilt. i&DDPS Celebrated Vernal Fowdfirn never fall. 1UJW UU ,!... .Us1 Mfhar.drarwktnUUMf fiiiidiiibtTru7L dl btr fkilct. Parties Itrt 4 MnU, 1 J T T AM 1 tar I I w m m 4PM IN KJ 1 IS,