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THE SCHANTCXN" TRIBUNE-TCTESDAT MOttNIXG. DECEMBER 8, 189G.
Concludea from Page 1. their splendid patriotism and their chiv alrous devotion to the national honor. They viewwlth wonder and admiration the cheerful resolution with which vast tMMllex of men are sent across thousands of miles of ocean, and an enormous debt accumulated, that the costly possession of the Oem of the Antilles muy still uold Its pluce in the Spanish crown. And yet neither the government nor the .people of the l'nlted States have shut their eyes to the course of events In Cuba, or have failed to realise the existence of conceded gl levnn.-cs, which have led to the present revolt from the authority of Spain grievances recognized by the queen recent nnd bv the fortes, voiced by the most p. trlotic and enlightened of Spanish slittes nien, without regard to party, and demon strated by reforms proposed by the ex ecutive and approved by the legislative branch of the Sunl.sh government. It is in the assumed temper and disposition of the Spanish government to remedy these grievances, fortified by Indications of Influential public opinion in Spain, that this government has hoped to discover the most promising und effective, ni"aiis of composing the present strife, with li'ir or and advantage to Spulll and with the achievement of all the reasonable objects of the Insurrection. It would set-m that If Spain should offer to Cuba genuine autonomy a measure of home rule which, while preserving the sovereignty of Spain, would satisfy all rational requirements of her Spanish sub jects there should lie no Just reason why the iiHcillcutioti of the island might not lie effected on that liasls. Such a result would appear to lie In the true Interest of all concerned. It would at on.-e stop the conflict which Is now consuming the resources of the Island ami making it worthless for whichever party may ulti mately prevail. It would keep Inta.'l the Possessions of Spain without touching her honor, which will he consulted rather than Impugned by the adequate redress of ad mitted grievances. It would put the pros Ipeiity f the Island and the fortunes of Its Inhabitants within their own control, without severing the natural and undent tics which hind them to the mother coun try, and would yet enable them to t-st their capacity for self-government unJer the most favorable conditions It hus Im iii objected on the one side that Spain i should not promise autonomy until ncr Insurgent subjects lay down their arms; on the other side, that promised auton omy, however liberal, is insutllclent, he cause without ussurunce of the promise being fuimicd. 11100,11 REM EXT OP SPAIN'. Hut the reasonableness of a requirement by Spain, of unconditional surrender on the part of the insurgent Cubans before their autonomy is conceded. Is not alto gether apparent. It Ignores Important features uf the situation the stability two ynirs' duration hus given to the In surrection; its feasibility uf its iudclinlte prolongation in the nature of things, and us shown by past experience; the utter and Imminent ruin of the Island, unless the present strife Is speedily composed; above all. the rank abuses which nil parlies In Spain, all branches of her gov ernment, ami all her leading public men concede to exist ami profess a desire to remove. .Facing such circumstances, to withhold tile proffer of needed reforms until the parties demanding them put themselves at mercy by throwing down their arms, has the appearance of neg lecting the gravest of perils und inviting suspicion as to the sincerity of any pro fessed willingness to giant reforms. The objection on behalf of the Insurgents that promised reforms can not lie relied upon must of course be considered, though we have no right to assume, ami no reason for assuming, thut anything Spuln undertakes to do for the relief of Cuba will not be done according to both the spirit und the letter of the under taking. Nevertheless, realizing that suspicions Slid precautious on the part of the weak er of two combatants are always natural and not always unjustifiable being sin cerely desirous In the interest of both ns well ns on its own uccount that the Cu ban problem should be solved with the least possible delay It was intimated by this government to the government of Spain some months ngo thut. If a satis factory measure of home rule were ten dered the Cuban insurgents, and would be accepted by them upon a guaranty- of Its execution, (he I'liited States would endeavor to Und a way not objectionable to Spain of furnishing such guaranty. While no definite response to this Intima tion has yet been received from the Span ish government, It is believed to be not iiltogether unwelcome, while, as already suggested, no reason Is jieroeive 1 why It should not be approved bv the Insurg ents. Neither party can fail to see the importance of parly action and lwth must realize that to prolong the present state of things for even a short iierlod will add enormously to the time and labor und grounds that earnest efforts for healing expenditure necessary to bring about tl a industrial recuperation of the Islandl It is therefore fervently hoped on all grounds thut earnest efforts for healing the breach between Soaln and the in surgent Cubans, upon the lines above in dicated, may be at once Inaugurated and pushed to un immediate and successful issue. The friendly otllces of the Cnlted States, either in the manner above out lined or In any other wuy consistent with our constitution und laws, will ulways bo at the disposal of either party. Whatever circumstances may arise, our policy und our Interests would, constrain us to object to the acquisition of the island or an Interference with its control by any other power. It should ho added that It can not he reasonably ass nine. I that the hitherto ex pectant attitude of he. United States will be Indefinitely maintained. While we ure anxious to uceord all due respect to the sovereignty of Spain, we can not view the pending conflict In all Us features, nnd properly apprehend our Inevitably close relations to It, and its possible results, without considering that by the course of events we may be drawn Into such an unusual and unprecedented condition, as w ill fix a limit to our patient waiting for Spain to end the contest, either alone and in her own way, or with our friendly to. operation. When the Inability of Spain to deal suc cessfully with the Insurrection has be come manifest, and it Is demonstrated that her sovereignty Is extinct in Cuba for an purposes of Its rightful existence, and A Wonderful Medicine For BtUotw and Nerrous dlaordora.such at Wind and Pain la the Btomocb, Sick Headache, Giddi ness, rnujieai and Swelling attcr meals, Dlzzt Cess and Drowsiness, Cold Chills, Flushings of Beat, Loss ot Appetite, BhortnoM ot Breath, Cos Ursness, Blotches on the Skin, Disturbed Sleep, Frightful Dreams, and all Nerrous and Tremb. ling Sensations, sc., when these symptoms are caused by constipation, as most ot them are. THE FIRST DOSE WILL GIVE RELIEF IN TWENTY MINUTES, This is no fiction. Every sufferer Is earnestly Invited to try ono Box ot these Pills nd thej will bo acknowledged to bo Jl WONDERFUL MEDICINE. .DEECHAH'S PILLS, taken as directed, wlU quickly restore Females tocomplete health. They promptly remove obstructions or irregu larities ot the system. For Weak Stomach Impaired Digestion Disordered Liver they act like magtca tew doses will work ders upon the Vital Organs i strengthening the muscular system, restoring the long-lost com plexlon, bringing back the keen edge ot appe tite, and arousing with the Boaebnd ot Health the whole physical energy ot the human frame. These are facts admitted by thousands, in all classes ot society, and one ot the best guarantees to the Herrous and Debili tated Is that BecehatnS Pills have the Largest Bale of any Patent medicine la the World. WITHOUT A RIVAL Annual Sales more thsn 6,000,000 Boxes lie. at Drug Stores, or will be sent by TJ.& agents. 8. F. ALLEN CO., MJ Canal Bt New Xork, post paid, apon receipt et price. Book tret spoo application. when a hopeless struggle for Its re-estab-llshment has degenerated Into a strife which means nothing more-thun the use less sacrifice of human life and the utter destruction of the very subject-matter of the conflict, a situation will be present ed In which our obligations to the sover eignty of Simla will be superseded by higher obligations, which We ean hardly hesltato to recognize and discharge. De. ferring the choice of ways ami methods until the time for action arrives, we should make them depend upon the pre cise conditions then existing; and they should not be determined upon without giving careful heed to every consideration involving our honor and Interest, or tho International duty we owe to Spain. I'n tll we face the contingencies suggested, or the situation is by other Incidents Im peratively changed, 'we should continue in the lino of conduct heretofore pursued, thus in all circumstances exhibiting our obedience to the requirements of pub lie law and our regard for the duty en Joined upon us by the position we occupy In the family of nations. A contemplation of emergencies that may arise should plainly leud us to avoid their creation, either through a careless disregard of present duty or even an un due stimulation and ill-timed expression of feeling. Hut I have deemed It not amiss to remind the congress that time may arrive when a correct policy and care for our Interests, as well us a regard for the Interests of other nations und their citizens. Joined by considerations of humanity and a desire to see a rich ami fertile country, Intimately related to us saved from complete devastation, will com ruin our government to such action us will subserve the Interests thus In volved and ut the same time promise to Cuba and its Inhabitants an opportunity to enjoy the blessings of peace. VENEZUELAN BOUNDARY. The Venezuelan boundary question has ceased to be a mutter of difference lie- tween tlreat Hrituln und the United I States, their respective governments hav ing ugreed the substantial provisions uf a treaty between llreat Hrltliln and Vene zuela submitting the whole controversy to arbitration. The provisions of the treaty are so eminently Just and fair, that the assent of Venezuela thereto may confi dently be anticipated. Negotiations for a treaty of general ar bitration forull differences between Ure.it Britain and the United States ure far advanced ami promise to reach a success ful culmination ut un early date. The scheme of examining applicants for certain consular positions, to ten their competency und fitness, udopted under un executive order Issued on the 20th of September. 1X95, has fully demonstrated the usefulness of this Innovation. In con nection with this plan of examination pro motions und transfers of deserving In-c-umlM-ntx have been quite extensively made, with excellent results. 1 luring the past year thirty-five ap pointments have been made In the con sular service. The Insjieetlon of consular offices pro vided for by un appropriation for that purpose at tho lust session of the con gress, has been productive of such whole some effects, that I hope this Important work will in the future be continued. I desire to repeat the recommendation con tained In my last annual message In favor of providing ut public expense official resi dences for our iimliasFailors ami ministers nt foreign capitiils. Tile reason support ing this recommendation are stronglv stated ill the je;iort of the secretary of st.ito and the sublect seems of filch im portance that 1 hope It m.iv receive the early attention of the congress, i We have dining the last year labored faithfully and ugalnst unfavorable con ditions, to secure better preservation of Seal lire in tho liehrlng Sen. lloth the United Stuteg and Greut Hrituln have lately dispatched commissioners to tns" waters to study the habits and condition of the Seal herd and the cause of their rapid decade. It Is earnestly hoped that hearty co-operation muy be secured for the protection against threatened extinc tion of seal life in the Northern Pueillc und liehrlng Sea, The secretary of Iho treasury reports that during the llscul year ended June IV), S. the receipts of tho government from all sources anicunted to (WM.l7.-i.WS.7K. During th Kime period Its expenditures were i:H,il7S,t;.'d. is. the excess of expendi tures over receipts thus amounting to ?2ri.lMy,24ri.70. The ordinary expenditures timing the year were i l,olj.S.'2.li less than during the preceding lls.cul year, of the receipts mentioned there was derived from customs the sum of tn;o,n21.751.li7, und from Internal revenue $M,s:hi,l!l5.W. The re ceipt from customs show an Increase of $7,MI!I,1'I1.:2 over those from the same source for tho fiscal year ended June 20, und tho receipts from Internal rev enue uti increase $:i,.".sl,5j7.Hl. , THE TATJIFP RECEIPTS. The value of our Imported dutiable mer chandise during the last tlscul year was $;W!i.7.ri7.47i. and the value of free goods Im ported $lu!i,MT,47U. being an Increase of oil.CT in the value of dutiable goods, and $11, .'Jl, D34 in tho value ot dutiable goods, and $41,:'3I.O."rl In the value or free goods over the preceding year, our exports of merchandise. foreign and domestic, amounted in value to $$S2.tuti,9:!8, being an Increase over the preceding year cf $7.1. Ob4j,773. The average ad valorem duty paid on dutiable goods Imported during the year was 39.SM per cent. The cost of collecting our internal rev enue was 2.78 per cent, as against ?.M pir cent, for the fiscal year ending June 30. 1W5. The total amount of gold exported dur ing the lust fiscal year was $112,409,Ji7. and of silver $tiO,.ri41.67U. being an Increase of t4o,!Ml,4W of gold, and 13,24e,3i)4 of silver over the exportatlous of the preceding lut eal year. Tho imports of gold were K5.065. and of silver $2K.777,lXti, being liSfiD, U!)j less of gold and $S,iiti,uii7 more of silver than during the preceding year. The total stock of metallic money in the United Stutes at the close of the last fiscal year ended on the thirtieth day cf June, 1S!W, was $1.22jU2ti,or. of which tu9'.l.. 0H7.9O4 wus in gold, and tKs,72i,u71 in sli ver. On the first day of Nevember, 1896, the total slock of money of all kinds in the country was $2,2si,4Hi,ri!io, und the amount In circulation, not including that in the treasury 'holdings, was l.ti27.035,li41, being t'M'i per cuplta upon an estimated popu lation of 71,!W2.U0(. The production of the precious metals in the United Stutes during the calendar year 1895 Is estimated to have been 2.2S4, 7im tine ounces of gold, of the value of t4ti,61u.U0u. and C5.727.UUO tine ounces of sil ver, of the commercial value of $3ti,445.uuO, and the coinage of T2.0ul.000. The esti mated production of these metals through out the world during the sume period wus 9.tWS.K-'1 tine ounces of gold, amount ing to S2UO.28fi.T0O In value, and :J9,189,249 tine ounces of silver, of the commercial value of $110,ri4,uiio. The tola! coinage at the mints of the United States during the fiscal year ended June 30, ISM, amounted to S7l.188.4tB.57. of which SDS.878,450 was In gold coins, ami S12.309.978.52 In standard silver dollars, subsidiary oo'ns ami minor coins. The number of National bunks or ganized from the time the law authorized their creation was passed, ui to October 31. 18!i, wus 5.051, und of this number 3.679 were at the date last mentioned In active operation, having authorized cap ital stock of 180.014,895, held by 28x,9i2 shareholders, and circulating notes amounting to $211,412,020. The total outstanding circulation notes nf all National banks on tho 31st day of tvtober, 1890, amounted to S23l.553.8u7, in cluding unredeemed, but fully secured notes of bunks Insolvent and In process of liquidation. The Increase In National bank circulation during the year ending on that day was S21.099.429. On October C, 1896, when the condition of National banks was last reported, the total resources of the 3,1)79 active Institutions whs 3. tfS5,313.S3. REGARDING THE MILITARY. The report of the secretary of war ex hibits satisfactory conditions In the sev eral branches of the public Intrusted in their charge. In the limit of our mll llury force, us fixed by law. Is constantly and readily maintained. The ipresent dis cipline and morale of our army are excel lent, anil marked progress und efficiency are apparent throughout Its entire organ ization. With the exception of del'ca'e duties In t'he suppression of slight Indian disturbances along our southwesten boundary, in which the Mexican troops co-operated, und the compulsory b.it peaceful return, with the consent or Great Hrituln, of a band of Cree In lions from Montana to the llritlsh possessions, no active operations have been required of tho army during the year past. The or ganized mllitiu numbers 112,879 men. The appropriations for its support by the sev eral states approximate S2.8W.0iW annually, and S4OO.OO0 is contributed by the general government. Investigation shows these troops to be usually well drilled and In spired with much mlll'ary Interest, but In muny Instun.s ihry are so deficient In proper arms und eqiilpmt-it that a sudden call to active duty would find them Inadequately prepared for ilel 1 service. 1 therefore recommend that ti'ompt mens, ures bo taken to remedy this condition, and that every encouragement be given to this deserving body of unpaid nnd vol untary citizen soldiers, uyon whose as sistance we must largely rely In time of trouble. Durltiff the past year rapid progress hus been mude toward the completion of the scheme adopted for tho erection and arm ament of fortifications along our iw coast, while equal progress has been made In providing the material for submarine defense In connection with these works. Since December, 1893, the number of guns actually completed has been in- creased to a total of twenty-one 12-lncn. fifty-six 10-Inch, sixty-one 8-inch, high power brtech. loading, steel guns; ten rapid fire guns and eighty 12-inch rifle mortars. In uddltlon there are In process of construction 10-Inch type gun. fifty 12 inch, fifty-six 10-Inch, twenty-seven 8-Inch high power guns, and sixty-six 12-inch rifled Tnorturs, In all, four hundred and twenty-eight guns and mortars. UNITED 8TATE3 PENITENTIARIES. Tho ownership and management by the government ot penitentiaries for the con finement of thoso convicted in United States courts of violation of federal laws, has to a slight extent been realised by the utilization of the abandoned mili tary prison at Fort Leavenworth as United States penitentiary. This is cer tainly a movement In the right direction, but It ought to be at once supplemented by the rebuilding or extensive enlarge ment of tills improvised prison, and tho construction of at leust one more, to be located In the southern states. Our post office department Is In good condition, and the exhibit mude of Its operations during the tlscul year ended June 30, 189ti, If ullow unee is made for imperfections in the laws uppilcubln to It, Is very satisfactory. We should ulwuys keep In mind that of ull forms of military preparation, coast defense alone Is essentially pacific In its nature. While It gives the sense of security due to a consciousness of strength It Is neither the purpose nor the elfeet of such permanent fortification to Involve us In foreign complications, but rather to guarantee us against them. The construction of vessvls for our new navy lias been energetically .prosecuted by the present administration upon the gen eral lines previously adopted. It has been decided, however, to provide In every shi-bulldlng contract thut the builder should pay ull tried expenses, und It has also been determined to pay no speed premiums In future contracts, on March 4, 1893, there were In commls. shin but two armored vessels, the double turretcd monitors Mluntonomoh and Moot-ivy. Store that date there huve been placed III their first commission three first-class und two second-dass battle ships, two unnored cruisers, one harbor tlefense ram, and five double turreteti monitors, h.oludlng the Maine and the I'uritun, Just completed. Klght new un armoretl cruisers and two new gunboats have also commissioned. The Iowa an other battleship will be, completed about March 1 nnd ut least four more gun boats will be ready for sea In the early spring. There have been authorized by congress since March, 1893, five battleships, six light draught gun boats, sixteen torpedo boats, und one ub-.lurlne torpedo boat. Con tracts for the building of all of them have been let. Tho secretary expresses the opinion that we have for the present a sufficient supply of cruisers and gun bouts, and that hereafter tho construc tion of battleships und torpedo boats will supply our needs. The report of the secretary of the In terior presents a comprehensive and In teresting exhibit of the numerous and important affair committed to his sup ervision. MONEY APPROPRIATED. The money appropriated on account of this department und for Its disbursement for the fiscal year ended June 30, laws, umounted to more than $157,uoo.00 or u greater sum Ihan was approp'iated for tho entire maintenance of the government for the two fiscal years endid June 30, MM. our public lands, originally nmountlivt to 1,SIO,ihkI,ooO ucres have been so reduced that only about (iilO. 000,000 acres Mill re main 111 government control, excluding Alaska. The total Indian population of the United States Is l77.-':Ci, according to a census made In Is'.i.l, exclusive of thoso within the state of New Vork and those comprising the five civilized tribes. Of this number there ure approximately 38, lll'i children of school age. During the year 23,393 ot these were enrolled in schools. It may be said In general terms that In every piirticuiar, the Improvement of the Indians uiui"r government care, has been most marked and encouraging. The diminution of our enormous pension roll und the decrease of pension expendi ture, which have so often confidently foretold still fail 111 material realiz itiou. The number of pensioners on the rolls ut the cii st of the fiscal year ended Juno 3o. ism), was 7o,tS7S. This Is the largest number ever reported. The amount paid exclusively for pensions during the year was $I3S.214.7H!.94. a slight decrease from thut of the preceding year, while the total expenditures on uccount of pensions, in cluding the corft or maintaining the de partment, amounted to $ll2.2i!,5.'0.r9, or within n very small fraction of one-third of the entire expense of supporting the government during the same year. The number of new pension certificate Issued was 9lV'do. Of these 40,374 re-present or iginal allowances of claims and 15,878 in creases of existing pensions. Tho sum appropriated for the payment of the pensions for the current fiscal year ending June 3U, I8l)i). Is S14UKXI.UO0, and for the succeeding year It Is estimated thut the same amount will be necessary. In my opinion, based upon such state ments as these and much other Informa tion and observation, the abuses which have been allowed to creep Into our pen sion system have done Incalculable harm In demoralizing our people and undermin ing good citizenship. 1 have endeavored within my sphere of official duty to pro tect our pension roll und make It what It should be. a roll of honor, containing the names of those disabled In their coun try's service und worthy of their coun try's iiffeetionate rememberance. When I have seen those who pose as the soldi rs' friends, uctlve nnd alert In urging greater laxity und more reckless pension expendi ture while nursing selfish schemes, 1 huve deprecated the upproach of a situation when necessary retrenchment and en forced economy muy lead to an attack upon pension ubuses, eo determined us to overlook the discrimination due to those who, worthy of a nation's care, ought to live und tile under the protection of a nation's gratitude. The secretary calls attention to the pub lic interests Involved In an adjustment of the obligations of tho I'ucltlu railroads to the government. On January 1, 1897, with the amount al ready matured, more than $13,0ou.0ou of the principal of the subsidy bonds issued by the United Stutes In aid of the construc tion of the Union Pacific railroad Includ ing Its Kansas line and more than t'i.ouo.noo of like bonds issuetl In aid of the Central Pacific railroad will have fallen due und been puid or must on that day be paid by me government, it imoui any irioi euce to the application of the sinking fund now til the treasury, this will create such a defuult on the part of these companies to the government as will give It the right to ut once Institute proceedings to fore close Its mortgage lien. In addition to this indebtedness, which will bo due Jan uary 1, 1897, there will mature between that date and January 1, 1899, the remain ing principal of such subsidy bonds, which must ulsu be met by the government. These uinount to more than S20.Ulo.000 on uccount of the Union l'uclllc lines, and ex ceed S21,00O.O0U on uccount of the Central Pacific lines. Unless congress shall other wise direct, there will hardly appear lo exist uny reason for delaying beyond the day of the default above mentioned such executive action us will promise to sub serve the public interests und save the government from the loss threatened by further Inaction. VALUE OP EXPERTS. From tho report of the secretary of the department of agriculture It appears that through careful and prudent financial management he has annually saved a large sum from his appropriations aggre gating, during his Incumbency and up to the close of the present fiscal year, nearly one-fifth ot the entire amount appro priated. These results have been accomplished by a conscientious story of the real needs of the former ami such u regard for economy us the genuine furmer ought to appreciate, supplemented by the adher ence in civil service methods In a depart ment, which should be continued In the interest of agriculture Instead of parties and polities. The secretary reports the value of our exports of farm products during the last fiscal year amounted to $570,000,000 un In crease of SI7.00.uou over those of the year Immediately preceeding. The weather bu reau now attached to the department of agriculture has continued to extend its sphere of usefulness and by uninterrupted improvement In the accuracy of Its fore casts has greatly Increased Its efficiency as an aid and protection to all whose occu pations are related to weather conditions. 1 commend the secretary's report und the suggestions It contains to the careful consideration of the congress. The progress made In civil service 're form furnishes a cause for the utmost congratulation. It has survived the douuts of its friends as well as the runcor of its enemies and has gained a permanent pluce among the agencies destined to cleanse our politics and to Improve, economize and elevate the public service. There are nutv in the competitive class ified service upward of eighty-four thou sand places. .More than half these have been Included from time to time since March 4, 1893. A most radicnl and sweep ing extension was made by executive r r. der, tinted the sixth day of May. 18!). and If fourth-class potmn!ers.hips are not Included in the statement It may be raid practically ull positions contemplat ed by the civil service law are now classi fied. The Inter-state commerce commission hns, during the yenr, supplied abundant evidence e4 Its usefulness, and the im portance of the work confmltted to Its charge. In view of the Judicial Interpretation which some provisions of the present statute have received a-nd the defects dis closed by the efforts made for its en forcement, its revision and amendment apieur to be essential to the end that It may more effectually reach the evils de signed to be corrected. I luxpe the recom mendations of the commission upon this subject will be promptly and favorably considered by the congress. 1 desire to recur to the statements else where made concerning the government's receipts and expenditures for the purpose of venturing upon some suggestions, touching our present tariff law and its operation. This statute took effect on the 28th day of August, 1894. Whatever may bo its shortcomings as a complete measure of tariff reform. It must be conceded thut It hus opened the way to a greater change of commodities between us ami other countries, and thus furnished a wider market for our products and manufac turers. The only entire fiscal year during which this law has been in force ended on the 3uh duy of June. 189G. In thut year our Imports increased over those of the pre vious year more than Si.5ou.uoO. while they value of the domestic products we ex ported and which found markets abroad, was nearly S70,uu0,0u0 more than during the preceding yeur. 1 believe our present tariff law. If al lowed a fair opportunity, will, In Iho near future, yield a revenue which, with rea sonably economical expenditures, will overcome all deficiencies. In the mean time no deficit that hus occurred or may occur need excite or disturb us. To meet uny such deficit We have in the treasury, ill addition to a gold reserve of one hun dred millions, a surplus of more than one hundred ami twenty-eight millions of dol lars, applicable to the payment of the ex penses of the government und which must, unless expended for that purpose, remain a useless hoard, or, if not extiuvuguntly wasted, must In any event be reverted from the purpose of its election from our people. The payment therefore of any deficiency In the revenue, from this fund is nothing more than its proper und legitimate use, CONDITION OP REVENUES. This reference to the. condition and prospects of our revenues naturally sug gests un allusion to the weakness, und vices of our financial methods. They have been frequently pressed upon the attention of congress In previous execu tive communications and the inevitable danger of their continued toleration point ed out. Without now repealing these de tails, I cannot refrain from again earn estly presenting the necessity of tho prompt reform of u system opposed to every rule of sound finance and shown by experience to be fraught with the gruvest peril und perplexity. I am more con vinced thnn ever that we can huve no assured finuncial jieace und safety until the government currency obligations upon which gold muy be demanded from the treasury ure withdrawn from circula tion and cunceHcd. This might be done as hus been heretofore recommended, by their exchunge for long term bonds beai. lng a low rate of Interest or by their re demption with the proceeds of such bonds. Even if only the United states notes, known us greenbacks, were thus retired it is probable that the treasury notes issued In payment of silver purchases under the net of July 14, Wo, now paid In gold when demanded, would not create much disturbance us they might from time to lime, when received in the treas ury by redemption in gold or otherwise, be gradually and prudently replaced In silver coin. This plan of Issuing bonds for the purpose of redemption certainly dp pears to be the most effective and direct path to the needed reform. In default of this, however, it. would bo a step In tho right direction if currency oldlitutions re deemable in gold whenever so redeemed, should bq cancelled instead uf being re issued. National banks should redeem their own notes. They should bo allowed to issue circulation to the par value of bonds de posited us security for Its redemption, und the tax on their circulation should be reduced to one-fourth of one per cent. In considering projects for the retirement of United States notes und treasury notes issuetl under tlie law of 1S9U, I am of the opinion that we have placed too much stress upon the danger of contructlnjt the currency and have calculated too llttl upon the gold that would be added to our circulation if Invited lo us by better and safer Una ni In 1 methods. It is not so much a contraction of our currency that should be avoided as Its unequal distri bution. Another topic In which our people rightfully take a deep Interest may bo brjtily considered. The existence of trusts and other huge aggregations or cap ital, the object of which is to secure the monopoly or some particular branch oT trade, industry or commerce, and to stitle wholesome cempetition. When these are defended it is usually upon the ground that though tney increase, they also re duce prices, und thus muy benefit the public. Sutdi occasional results fall far short of compensating the palpable evils charged to the uccount of trusts nnd monopolies. Their tendency is to crush out Individual Independence and to hinder or prevent the free use of human faculties nr.il the full development of human character. Through them, the farmer, the partisan and the small trader Is In danger of dlslodgment from the proud position of being his own master. If the Insufficiencies of existing laws can be remedied by further legislation It should be done. The decision of our high est court renders It quite doubtful wheth er the evils of trusts and monopolies can be adequately treated through federal ac tion, unless they seek directly und pur posely to Include In their objects trans, puliation or intercourse between states or between the United Stutes and foreign countries. In concluding this communication, Its last words shall be an appeal to congress for the most rigid economy In the expendi ture of the money It holds in trust for the people. The wuy to perplexing extrav agance Is easy, but a return to frugality Is difficult. When, however. It Is consid ered that those who bear the burdens of taxation have no guaranty of honest care, says In the fidelity of their public ser vants, the duty of all possible retrench ment is plainly manifest. When our dif ferences are forgotten, and our contests of iiolltlcal opinion are no longer remem bered, nothing In the retrospect of our public service will be as fortunate and comforting us the recollection of official duty well performed and the memory of a constant devotion to the interests of our confiding fellow countrymen. OKOVKR CLEVELAND. Executive Mansion, December 7, 1S9C. 44444444-. f THE BEST ONE YET. T 4- The Tribune will on Jan. 1. 1897, tsue the second annuul number of lls Political llund-bouk, a handsome vol-. time ot more than 2o0 pages. It Will, contain the most comprehensive col4 lection of live local und general sta- tlstics nnd encyclopedic Information icier offered for sale In Northeastern! Pennsylvania. Price, 25 cents; orljrsj by mail will receive prompt attention. HANKING. REPORT OP THE CONDITION OP The scranion Savlnas BanK 8 Trust Of Serunton, 42S Ickawannn avenue, of Luckuwuniiu Ceunty. Pennsylvania, at the close of business. November 17, 1890. RESOURCES. Cash on hand S 31,748 5S Checks nnd other cash items 27.511 8t Due from Dank und Bankers .. lmi.915 iri Loans und Discounts 344,890 til Investment securities owned, viz.: Stocks, Bonds, etc. i.18l 232 87 Mortgages 41.932 05 226.164 92 Real Estate, Furniture and Fix tures , 1,000 no Overdrafts 86 71 S739.251 77 LIABILITIES. Capital Stock paid in S 50.000 00 Suifdu Fund 35,000 00 Undivided Profit 4 lees expenses and taxes paid 18,506 SI Iii'lmslts, subject to check SC10.641 33 Demand Certificates of Deposit 25,103 S3 635,744 93 1739.251 77 State of Pennsylvania, County of Lacka wanna, KB. I. A. II. Christy, cashier of the above named bank, do solemnly swear that the nbove statement Is true to the best of my knowledge and belief, (Signed) A. H. CHRISTY. Cashier. Subscribed nnd sworn to before me this 4th day of December, 1891. (Signed) O. B. PARTRIDGE, Notary Public. Correct Attest: (Signed) M. 3. WILSON. AUGUST ROKIXSOX, K. P. KINGSBURY, Directors. Connolly & Wallace KID GLOVE DEPARTMENT. Have You Seen the New Patented "Ideal Fastener?" We Are Sole Agents for Scranton. CONNOLLY & WALLACE, 01 CENT A WORD. WANTS OP ALfc KINDS COST THAT MUCH. WHEN PAID FOR IN AD VANCE. WHEN A BOOK ACCOUNT IS MADE NO CHARGE WILL BE LK33 THAN 2S CENTS. THIS RULE AP PLIES TO SMALL WANT AD3.. EX CEPT LOCAL SITUATIONS. WHICH ARB INSERTED FREE. HELP WANTED MALES. W fANTED CH1AK hTRIPPERS AND rollers. 414 bpruue street. f EN AND WOMEN OUT OK EMPLOY MI ment and willing to work ran learn of a permanent oiteation ut coo I waees by writing ut once to P. V. 11., Bus 2,a, Augunta, Maine. IVANTED-AN IDEA. WHO CAN THINK VV of uouie simple thing to patent? Pro tect Tour ideas: tiu-v trav bring you wealth. Write .10X11 WKDDKllBURx & CO,, I)ep. C, 23, latent Attorney, Waphltieton. D, C, for tbelr $! prize -ffor and list ot 'Juu inven. tions wanted. 7 ANTED AS AHF.KT IN HVKHY SEC ' tion to cpnvas: St.fU to .".0 n day rhado ; rells at (ielit; also n man to sell St.tde Uoods to deulem: brst !de line $7:ia month: salary or lnrgo i oinmiiio:i made: experience unnecessary. Clifton Soap and Manufactur ing Co., ( iuclnnntl, O. WANTED - WELL-KNOWN MAN IN every town to folVit stock subscrip tions: a monopoly; biff tnntiey for asentn: no rtipital required. EDWAUD'C. FISH 4c CO., 1'orden P.'nek. Chicago. 111. UELl WAN I ED-FEMALES. IMKST-CL8! DBKHs4M AKINW APPftEN 1 tices wanted. MRS. JONES, IW5 Wash itigton nv.imo. YTAXTFD-LADY Oil UKNTLEMAN TO tV tcwli slotting class. Address Lock Box 7J, Scranton, l'a. 1 ADIES-1 MAKF. liltl V AGI'S IIOINO 1 J plHfmnt limn, wot k. and ill gladly send (ull particulars to all Mini loir i! cnt stamp. iliSS il. A. S1E11BINS, Lawrence, Mich. lr ANTED LADY AGENTS IN HCRAN- I ton to seli and I'ltrudoc- Snyder's nak. itine: txrarienced canvasser preferred: work (.rtnanent slid very profitable. Write for particulars at ci:ce nrd set benefit of holiday tiade. T. B. SNYDF.lt & CO.. Cincinnati, O. WANTED IMMEDIATELY TWO ENER V cetio saleswomen to represent us Guaranteed fA a day without interfering with other duties, Healthlul occupation. Write for particulars, enclosing stamp, Manno Chemical L'ctnpauy, No, " John btreet. New York. WANTED. OECOND-H AND FURNACE TO HEA r A O hotel. Call or address ANTHRACITE HOTEL, 111 Wyoming avenue. FURNISHED KOOM FOR KENT. MOR RENT NEWLY FURNISHED ROOM V ia Sprue, street. Opposite Wyoming House. Special Corner Lackawanna and Wyoming Aves., Opp. FOR SALE. LMSKKETa KORBALB CHEAP. CALL AT I 'Hi Sprue, street. IX)H MALE THE OLD BROADWAY HO. X1 tel. 1U11 Cedar avenue. Scranton: terms easy. HENRY WALTER, Proprietor. F'OR SALE A SILVER-PLATED CONN double bell .unbonlum, nicely engraved with trombone tell, gold linsd: n.arl now and cost iW: will sell at a bargain. Address this week to E. W. GAYLOR, LaEayavlUo, Pa l?OR SALE-HORSE. AGED SIX YEARS. F weight l.CUU pounds; can be seen at 1&!1 Price street. TOR SALE MY COTTAGE AT F.I.M- 1 burst and tho four lots on which it stands; alto the four lota adjoiulng; niostn sirablo location in Elmhurat: nrica reasons. ble; terms easr: potsrssion given st once. E. r. Ki kvmilki, i oinmcu wcaun ttuiiaiog, Scranton. Pa. FOR RENT. I.'OR RENT HOUSE AND T ACRES OF I land iu Chinchilla, krown as the Hoover property. Inquire at bVV North Main avenue, city. TJ'OR PENT-HALF CP DOUBLE HOUSE 1 modern improvements: rent rrai-onaUe; corner of 1 ins and lilakely streets, Lunmoro, CHIROPODIST AND MANICURE. CORNS, BUNIONS AND INGROWING nails enrod without the least pain or drawing blood Consultation and advice given free. E. 31. btTSKi,. Chiropodist. iEU Lack awanna aronue, Ladios attended at their resident's if desirrd. Charge moderate. lEJRJRMSTIED HELP OP ALL KINDS FURNISHED EN CYCLOPEDIA EMPLOYMENT AGEN CY. 4H SurU'-e street. Telephone &I24. SITUATIONS WANTED. ottiTatiTinwa k years old: lias had experience In driving nnd talcing car. of hors.vs: knows nil parts of the city, J. J., ldli Hamilton street. WITUATION WANTED-BY A BOY AUF.D 17 years, to deliver goods. Address iJ2, Duninoru, Pa, SITUATION WANTED BY A YOUNG man us mineral or beer bottler; under stands sola fountains in drug stores. Address K. A, M Tribune office. WAN'rEUtY A MIDDLE. AGED LADY, fV position as housakeeper. Address M, L, Tribune. DRUGGIST REGULAR PIIA KMACIST. Peunsvlvaiua. Temperate. References. Address, DRUGOIHT, Scranton, Pa. WANTED - WASHING, IRONING OR scrubbing by the. day. Call at -IS Lin den streot. SITUATION WANTED OCOD LAUN dress would like one or two family wash ings und ironiugs at home and go out one or two days a wiok. Mrs. Key wood, Fairfield Park, Scranton, SITUATION WANTED RY A MIDDLE sged man as engineer or llroiiiun; has h-d years uf exp.ri.ao and can glv. bast uf raf reuces. W. L 821 PUolps street. Cloaks and Millinery Jackets of Fine Kersey, valus f!).00. HuIh price. . Jacket of Fine Itouire, Ent. lixli Cheviot, value '.).00. Sale (dies Jackets of Fine Kersey, val ue (1.00 Sale price Jackets of Finest French Caterpillar, value $14. UJ. Salu price Jackets of Finet French Kersey, value $13.00. Sale price Jackets of Finest French Astrakbuu, vulue $15.00. Sole price $3.75 S.r).7f $7.50 S8.98 $9.98 $9.98 SIMILAR PRICES IN CAPES. Wyoming House, Scranton, Pa. Bar" 'ias '' '3a 209 Washington Avenue, Opp. Court House. AGENTS WANTED. ,'ANTED-l.IVE PEOPLE IN EVERY V locality at S12 weekly salary and Proses to tuke orders for Christmas Goods, ertnanent employment if rUht. M ANUFAU. TUREH, P. O. Box bm. Boston, Mass. IITANTED-OEXERAL AGENTS IN EVa ery county; also lady canvassers; some thine new; sure sel.er; apply quick. J, C HILUERT. 141 Adams avenue, Scranton, Pa. AORNTS WHAT ARE YOU tlOIVOTO doahout Ssf. CUUeusliip-pricH 81. Go ing by thousand Address, NICHOLS, Nai erville. 111, AGENTS-TO HELL OUR PRACTICAL gold, silver, nickel ant eopiwr electro plaster a: prices fiotn i'i upward: salary and e pauses paid: outfit free. Address, with stamp. MICHIGAN MFG CO.. Chicago. AGENTS TO SELLGIO ARS TO DEALERS; 2 weekly and expenoos: experience un necessary. CONSOLIDATED WFU CO.. U Van Bui en st, Chicago, SALESMAN TO CARRY SIDE LINE: 21 per rent. rcrrmiSHicn: sample book walled free, Addrets L. N. CO., ttatiou L, New York. CITY SCAVENGER. A P. H1UGOS CIKANS PRIVY VAULTS and ceas pools; i n odor; Improved pumps used. A, BlilGftS, Proprietor. Leave orders UfiO North Main avenue, or Erckos' drug store, corner Ai.unis and Mul berry. 'IVlephonn CLAIRVOYANT. MADAME DRLKON FICNTON READS vonr life. lO.ti West Lackawanna uvu nue, Hyde ark. fi r a fowdavs only. EXECUTORS' NOTICE. INSTATE F LOIS A. MORS. LATE OP l i tli. township of Fell, County of I.ockn. wannu, Poiin.ylvanli. doeonned. Letters testamentary upon th- above mined estate having l'cn crant"d to the un. cWs'gnod, ail persons having el.iims or do mant'.s iiiainst Hwld cstat will present them for pavmtint. and thos iiltlebted t Hereto will make inunediatn payment to LEON1DAS W. MORss. Fx.vntor, L'll'i. N. Main Avis. Seruutou, Pa. Arrnsn imm & W.u. ,1. 11 a. so, Attorneys for I'.Btut-. STOCKHOLDERS' MEETING. rpHK ANNUAL MEETING OP THE 1 stort'iholdors of Tho Corsumora' Ico oir. pany will be I eld at their olllce, corner Adams avenue and Ash street, la the cits of Scran ton. IV. on TueaJay. tho li.th day uf Decern br. It), nt 2 o'clock p. m. The purpose of tho mooting is for the eloction ot otliccrs for til" ensiling year, and the transaction of such other business as may properly come be or. the meetiug. JOHN A. SCHADT, Eecretary. Scranton Pa.. Nov. Ml. It I W f. V4sTTss. X lIHiinVAY HOIHIKHY s in illegal; but there's no law against s the padded special Xnum newspaiesrsV save tho law uf I'ommon senfe. Thcr Tribune gives holiday advertlf-.it Tregulur Issues wherein tnelr announce- Tnicnts can be seen and lead. ItT doesn't ask them to waste money onX bulky and useless inflations. Sale