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The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, January 02, 1897, Image 9

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The Next Secretary
of the Treasyry0
Something About the Career and" Qualifica
tions of Congressman Nelson -Dlhgley o:r
Maine. - '
"Whether Congressman Dlngley, of ( and then on a successful dally lYhleh
Mnirie, will be President McKlnley's
selection for soerotary or uip treasury
or not Is uiuleieniilnt'uV po fur as the
public Information noes, but It is cer
tain in any event that ho will be one
of the foremost leaders of Ilepublicnn
thought and action during tho now ad
ministration. Tills furnishes ami'le ex
cuse for reproducing Walter Wellman's
excellent sketch of Ills career, which
uppeaied originally in the Chlcago-Times-Herald.
Mr. "Wellman, it will lie
noticed, rfssumes that Dlngley will re
ceive the treasury portfolio.
It cannot be honestly claimed, ho
writes, that Mr. Dlngley has a sobri
quet, but lie deserves one. If ever a
man merited the appellation of "old
thoroughness" it is Governor Dlngley.
That is1 the secret of his success in life,
and It is a very plain rule which any
one may follow who cares to do so. Ho
is the incarnation of thorough-going
work. As the governor said to me to
day, as we were dialling about the
past and the future: "I always want
to go to the bottom of things. Tho
man who does not go to tho bottom has
no right to try to teach his fellow men.
Take It in tho house of representatives,
for example. Some men wonder why
the house will not listen to them. It Is
because they have not matured their
subject. Tho house will not listen to a
man who Is simply skimming the sur
face of things, It will always listen, to
one who has gone to the bottom."
Mr. Dlngley always goes to the bot
tom. If he does a thing at all you may
depend upon It it is done right. He
started out at the bottom, too. His
father was not a rich man by any man-
jier of means. He wus a trader in a
small way, and Just able to send Ills
sons to college. The Dinglcys nre Kng
lish. All the Dlngleys In this country
date back to a Dlngley who came over
in 1738 and settled on tho rocky shores
of Maine. They have been traders and
'blacksmiths chielly. There are not
many Dlngleys In this country, but four
out of live of them have been behind
the counter or bending' over tho anvil.
As a rule they have achieved modeiate
successes in life. If they wero mer
chants they dealt honestly nnd square
ly. If they were blacksmiths they
made good jobs of their horseshoeing.
Nelson Dlngley will be G5 years old
when lie leaves the house of represen
tatives to become secretary of the
treasury next March. He is slight of
figure, thin of face, sharp of eye, (illicit
of speech. He wastes little time In do
ing everything he has to do, and he
.never has to go over It the second
time. I should say ho weighs about
110 pounds. His health is not rugged.
But there is nothlmr serious the mnt
ter with him just a little catarrh, In
duced largely by his campaigning In
the open air last fall. That will wear
away in time. Sonic people have
thought Mr. Dlngley not physically
able to stand the wear and tear of the
treasury, the olllce which Killed Folger
nnd Manning and "Wlndom. Hut my
guess is that tills wiry little Yankee
will go through one administration at
least. Work that bore down hard upon
other men will be easy for him. because
lie knows It all. No nights will he
have to sit up studying the various
'phuses of the government. All those
things he carries under his hat.
today has" a larger circulation than any
other dally paper in Aiame .iir. jjiuk
ley was writing editorials on economic
topics. The currency, the tariff, the
revenue, the expenditures of the gov
ernment were his favorite topics, lie
studied them from the bottom up. He
rend every book of value that was ever
written on those topics. ,Of course lie
was not long in getting into politics.
First lie was sent to the state legisla
ture, where he made the acquaintance
and formed tho friendship of Mr.
Blaine, a friendship which continued
as long as Mr. Blaine lived. Ho was
speaker of the state house of repre
sentatives for several years. More
than twenty years ago he was gover
nor of Maine. In 1S81 he was elected
to congress to take tho place of Wil
liam P. Frye, ,vho had been promoted
to the senate. He lias been In tne
house ever since. If he wished to he
could iiy there as long as he lives.
Tho Kenubllcans up In olu Maine be
lieve In hanging to U good man when
they llnd him, and tills fact explains
why the Maine delegation in the house
is the most influential there, without
respect to numbers.
' There are two tilings Governor Dlng
ley has always had a liking for politi
cal economy and journalism. When ho
was In Dartmouth that was more than
forty years ago he easllv led his class
in economic studies. Mathematics pure
nnd simple he did nut like. The nat
ural sciences he worked hard in and
not to much end. But in political
economy he was able to give the pro
fessors points. I remember hearing Mr.
Blaine tell a story of how young Dlng
ley confounded a professor one day
light before the whole class on a ques
tion In political economy. Dlngley's
natural bent for those investigations
was duo to his logical mind. He has
one of the most logical minds In the
world. It may not be qulto as remark
able a mind as that of his predeces
sor in the treasury. Mr. Carlisle, of
whom it has been snld that ue 13 well
nigh Infallible, but It comes very near
it. Mr. Dlngley could not think In a
circuitous, awkward, bundling way If
he were to try. Ho is as natural a
logician as ever lived.
"There Is nothing in this wqrld be
sides my wife and children that I am
more fond of," said Governor Dlngley,
"than journalism. When I was In col
lego I edited the college paper. I was
also a correspondent lor a number of
city papers, nnji alter a bit tho editors
got In tho habit of writing to mo for
articles. Pen work came easy to nut.
Public speaking I acquired when I had
to, but I took to tho pen as a duck
takes to water. After I loft collezo I
studied law, and studied It thoroughly,
not becaupo I Intended to practice, but
because I knew the value of that train
ing for tho mind, I advise every young
man who can do so to study law, no
matter whether he Intends to practice
it or not. It is nn education in itself.
I was admitted to tho bar, but never
hung out my shingle, About the first
thing I did was to buy a half Interest
in the i-iowiston Journal, then a week
ly paper. 1 was an editor twenty-five
years before I enmo to congress, To
day when .1 go home during the re
cesses I llnd more pleasure In going In
to the editorial room and 'getting out
the paper' than in anything else."
During nil that quarter ot a century
of newspaper making, llrst on a weekly
Governor Dlngloy's work in congress
lias been almost entirely conllned to
four' great subjects, Indicated by his
committee service. He has been a
member in the banking and currency
committee, the committee on merchant
marine and fisheries, the committee on
appropriations and the committee on
wavs and means. He was naturally
I fitted for work on every one of these
committees. Their general subjects tiro
all related. Every phase of the cur
rency system of the government is ns
familiar to him as the columns of Ills
own newspaper. So also with the mer
chant marine, and the laws which have
been or ought to be passed In regulation
thereof. On the appropriations com
mittee he learned all about the expen
ditures of the government. There is
not un Item that enters into Uncle
Sam's big budget that he Is not famil
iar with. On the ways und means com
mittee ho learned where the money
came from, and on the appropriations
committee he learned what became of
it. In tills way lie had nil tho opera
tions of the government at his lin
gers' ends. With a mind like ills,
impelled by hereditary Inrpulses to "go
to the bottom" of everything. It is
easy to see what a walking compend
ium of the uffnlrs of the government
he must be by this time. It is also easy
to see what a line, what a remarkable,
whut an almost unparalleled training
all this has made for a man who is
to be secretary of the treasury.
Mr. Dlngley has had the good sense
to confine himself almost entirely to
his specialties, and bin specialties are
those which lend to the treasury de
partment. "Men have askud me," said
the governor today, In his chatty way,
"Why it was they could not make more
headway us members of. emigres?. I
tell them that the first thing a now
member of congress should do is to us-
vortaln what it is he hntj a natural bent
for. Having found It, follow It and
let everything else go to the dogs.
Ijlfe is too short, the world too big,
the human mind too sninll, for any man
to master everything. Clioo.se for your
Held of labor those subjects which to
you offer the line of least resistance
and then go in nnd master then. In
this way you will be able to secure tro
attention of the huu: . It Is the only
way In which you can do It. Tho houso
wants to hoar from masters. It has
no patience with anyone else.
he, the president, can go to sleep nights
without worrying over the Hnnnces,
Ho will feel that no nmtter what emer
gencies arise there Is ncross thu way a.
man nblo to cope with them nil by
himself. Tills Is tho advantage of hav
ing In tho treasury a man thoroughly
familiar with tho theory nnd practice,
principled und tho details, of all the
operations of tho government its re
venues, Its expenditures, its currency,
everything. Governor Dlngley Is the
man. Ho Is the only one Who inetis-
res up fully to the Ideal.
fciill be remembered by readers of
tl 'jMLjies-IleruUl that Nov. 23 last I
puliiiTlklan artlclu foreshadowing the
policy W President-elect MoIClnley,
and saying that In all probability Mr.
Dlngley would be secretary lit the
treasury. 1 nlso said that In a few days
Mr. Dlngley would visit Canton by invi
tation. All this lias come true. In that
dispatch was outlined the strength
which Mr. Dlngley would bring to the
new administration his fitness for the
task, his Intimate relations with Inllu
enUul public men, the great respect in
which he Is held by nil classes of men
in tho house and the senate, too, hla
ability to secure favorable legislation
from congress und hln cordial relations
with Sneaker Heed. All that was said
then can be now repeated with em
phasis. It was ami la all true. In that
dispatch I further said Governor Dlng
ley and tl)0 ways and means commit
tee would Hp'oud Aim winter preparing
a. now tariff, bill tp bo presented to u.
special seftVlloii of congress next March.
Those Blaie'iinelttR wore predictions
when made. Thev nre almost history
now. :The way? -und moans eolnmitee
Is at work wjth Governor Dlngley tit
the head, and the new tariff bill, which
Is to be a tu'ollerate one, as The TlmeS
Herald predicted' is would be, will, bo
ready by the end of March,
This measure will be. ready for Intro
duction to the present house before this
congress comes to Its constitutional
end. 'That 'jVlll make tho new measure
tho Dlngley lilllVIt will doubtless be
known aw Such In history. Though en
acted after Mr.' Dlngley leaves con
gress foe tho cabinet, It will bear his
name, aiid thus the-'thoroughgoing gen
tleman froju Maine will be able to
achieve the'ainliltlon which Is 'dear to
the hearts'oC.'imaiiy public men to, at
tach their liftmen to a tariff bill an am
bition that Isilikely to become more and
more fashionable, now that men reflect
upon the good fortune which Is brought
to one William McKinley. So far as I
know tho only instance of the sort to
bo found, in tho history of our country
nnd,ihls Is not an exact parallel was
when Robert Walker prepared a tariff
bill about fifty jears ago as secretary
of" tho-treasury, and ns secretary of the
treasury administered his own law. If
Congressman Dlngley docs not make a
tarllf law that will produce enough re
venues for the needs of tho treasury It
Is Secretary Dlngley who will have the
trouble of making both ends meet.
I ntn wholly within bounds when I
say that there is no other man in con
gress who enjoys to a larger degree
the respect and confidence of his fellow
members than Governor Dlngley. If
he has an enemy In the world he doesn't
know it. He is so well balanced, so
kindly, so helpful, so earnest, so thor
ough, so strong, that men look up to
and admire lilni and go to him for ad
vice and assistance. "There is nothing
In public life," said Governor Dlngley
to mo one day, "except tho friendships!
which we form. When wo leave here
wo take nothing else with us that wo
care for. Certainly wo do not take
much money with us. Since my name
has been so much mentioned in the
newspapers as a possible member of
Sir. McKlnley's cabinet, a great many
of both political parties have called on
mo to extend their good wishes. I do
not know anything nt all about tho
cabinet place which they talk of, but
I do know that I have been touched by
these expressions of good will from so
many of my associates. They are
worth more than forty public ofllces."
Mr. Dlngley lias Indeed been fortu
nate In his friendships. For more than
a quarter of a century he and Mr.
Blaine were near to one another. Mr.
Blaine set so high an estimate upon
th? sagacity of Dlngley that he neer
took an Important step in politics or
public life without llrst talking with
the modest editor from Bewiston. Dln
gley was his mentor. Other men had
the repute tlou of being nearer to him.
They cured more for publicity. They
loved more to bask in the sunshine of
that splendid presence. But under tiio
surface, in the background, was this
well-balanced, thoughtful, logical jour
nalist and congressman, to whom Mr.
Blame always turned with ills greatest
perplexities and greatest secrets. If
Mr. Dlngley wished he could perhaps
contribute nioi".- to a genuine history of
Mr. Blaine's public .career than any
other man now living. "Mr. Blaine
wus one of the greatest men the world
ever knew," says Governor Dingley.
"lie was 'a fill man,' as Shakespeare
put It."
The Business ol Electioneering as Prca
(Iced In Delaware.
Farmers nnd Merchants in thu Open
Market to Oct All They Cnii of the
Money With Which tlio State Is Uc
bntichud on Election l)nys--A First
Voter's Auction Snlo of His Vote nt
tho Four Corners--"Viinnninkcr-ism"
Pushed to mi F.xtrcmc.
"These questions of the tailff, tho re
venue, the currency und so forth are nil
practical questions," continued Gover
nor Dlngley. "The man who does not
know nil the history of such matters in
our own and In other ci.untrlea Is not
equipped for teaching or leading. With
in a comparatively short time at least a
douoii men have sent or brought me
plans for solving the currency problem.
They wero quite sure they not only had
the right thing, but that their Ideas
were wholly new. If they had taken
the trouble to read history they would
find that every one of thes" .suggestions
hud been made and tried years ago,
and that (-very one (if thorn had failed.
No man lias as yet suggested, so far as
I know, the proper solution, but I foel
sure It will bo found In good time."
It Is safe to say that there is nothing
In tho history of currony experiments
In this or any other country that Mr.
Dingley Is not familiar with. It is safe
to say there Is not a single phase of the
whole problem as It presents Itself at
this time thnt ho does not fully know.
These equipments for the work of the
secretary of the treasury President
elect McKinley had In mind when he
sent for Governor Dlngley to go to
Canton and talk the matter over. Ho
knew very well thnt there was no other
man In the United States as well pro
pared, by natural gifts and training in
the puhllo service, for this arduous
task. Here It was that Governor Mc
Klnley's own experience in public life,
his wide acquaintance with public men,
his full knowledge of their capabilities,
relations and limitations, stood him In
good Htead, If Governor Dlngley does
not make- one of the most successful
secretaries of the treasury wo have
ever had, then there Is nothing In pre
vious record, Thero is nothing In
"form." I knpw how Major McKInloy
feels about it. He feels thnt If Mr.
Dlngley la at the head of the treasury,
Then there Is Speaker Heed. He and
the present chairman of ways and
ineas have been close friends for many
years. Mr. Iteed Is not a man who
gives his confidence to many persons.
Ho is eharry with his friendships.
Probably one can count on the lingers
of one hand all the men who are thus
favored at the present time. Governor
Dlngely is one of them. "Mr. Iteed,"
snld Governor Dlngley, when 1 asked
hlin about tho speaker, "has a wonder
ful mind, liven yet his ublllty, the
remarkable grasp of his brain, the
power of tho man, are not appreciated
by the people. He Is one In many mil
lions. He Is just, too, and balanced,
with all his intrepidity. Theie Is noth
ing too great for him. He Is one of the
few men I hnve known whom I would
expect to achieve success In any walk
ofllfe, In any lleld they cared to enter."
Prosident-eloct McKinley and Mr.
Dingley served together In congress.
They served together on the ways and
means committee when the famous
McKinley law was framed. They know
one another us one knows a member
of Ills own family. Their friendship
is dose, strong and enduring. "Gov
ernor McKinley will make one of the
greatest presidents we ever had in the
white hoiifci'," Kild Mr. Dlngley. "He
has grown remarkably even since he
left congress. He has had the wonder
ful incentive of fate a fate that was
drawing him nearer Brent responsibili
ties and honors. McKinley Is a per
fectly rounded man. His knowledge of
things Is equal to his knowledge uf
men. Some presidents know one nnd
some tho other. McKinley knows both.
He lias the most lomarkuble faculty
to bring men together I have ever seen
In public life, and that '.s a great qual
ity in a president. Mujor McKlnley's
temper 13 well nigh perfect. He has
Infinite patience and tact. I used to
marvel at hlin when we wore mak
ing the tariff law of 1S0O. There were
annoyances then such as you could
not dream. Men wero stubborn and
pellUh and brutal beyond the Imagina
tion. I do not speak of members of the
committee, for In the committee wo
had no tumble, but outsiders. Mc
Klnley's cunduct toward tnein wa3 pa
tience itself. It was simply phenom
enal. Ho is the same today.
"Major McKinley Is now at his best,"
continued Mr. Dlngley. "Ho Is In his
very prime. He Is equipped for the dif
ficult task of the presidency as few
men have been before him. He will
make a succpfs. Ho will be nls own
president. One thing 1. cannot under
stand, and thnt is why a man should
be thought weak because ho is sweet
of manner and patient and considerate
of others, To my mind these are marks
of strength, in McKlnley's case l
know they are. I have studied him
carefully, and I can say that he will
have peace If ho can. He will preserve
hnimony by yielding, in non-essentials,
the little things which uiake for noth
ing of intrinsic value. But when It
comes to principles, to groat tVngs,
to the .end In view, he Is a rock,"
In the. course of n nnco article on the
corruption of Delaware politics the Sun
tells the Incident which follows. It
Illustrates the "business men" In pol
itics und offers a timely warning against
"Waiiamakfciism" as we are having it
exemplilled In our own state.
The scene is laid In the little state of
Delaware In the county of Sussex, and
in the undent town' of Georgetown.
It Is election morning. The polling
place of the Georgetown Hundred is
ut the Court House, an oUl-funhloned
red brick building with white1 window
frames and old-styled board shutters,
painted green. Tho court house fronts
a, park, on two sides of which are
country taverns dlgnllled by tlie'linuie
ot hotel. A crowd has gathered around
Hie front of thu court house just tho
sort of a crowd that may be found In
any rural district on an election morn
ing. There are farmers and typical
countrymen with gee whiz swaggers
and b'g03h 't'lmlghty assertions. There
are local nierolmnts and business-, men
with just enough ot the town about
thenl to ninke them look a bit down on
their farmer neighbors and to feel su
perior, by thunder, to anything that
stood on two feet other than tholr own
precious selves. Thero was tho town
bum and the customary assortment of
town loafers. They were talking to
gether, not of the virtue or lack of vir
tue of the various candidates who wore
to be voted for, nor of the great Issues
of the campaign. They wore discussing
the price of votes and tho possibility
of bulling the market. They were won
dering which side lind the more money
to spend, which would succeed in the
contest for the debauching Of the-freemen,
which was to continue the whole
day, although theso freemen, did not
call It by that name. They wero dis
cussing this thing with the calmness
and tho freedom that would- mark a
discussion by Sun readers of tho Cubun
war or tho propriety of Kngland's in
terfering in Turkey to prevent the mas
sacre of the Armenalns. There wero
partisans just as there would be par
tisans In such a discussion.
"I don't care," said one. "Jim told
me thet ills fellere had $2 to the other
men's one."
"Jim's a liar," said another. "Bill told
mo thet he lied sent down enough to go
round twice if necessary, 'n there was
more whore thet came from if they ran
"Bill's a lair," said another.
"Jim's n liar," said another.
"Betchor my vote ngln your'n Bill
ain't no liar," said another.
"Whatcha think I am a millionaire?
Havin' I wait a hull year for it 'n
then t' resk it' Say, I betcha $2,
And so it went. Tho discussion at
times waxed warm, and then again it
almost died out, but never once illu
the subject change. Finally, nn old
man stepped up and joined tho crowd
to listen. Ho was a handsome old fel
low, with as line an Anslo-Saxon face
as you would meet in a week's jour
ney. He had mild, blue eyes that be
tokened piety, a cheery manner that In
dicated a perfect satisfaction with his
surroundings, and a certain bluffness
that was catching. As ho approached
the crowd from one side there came
ills counterpart In cheerlness up on the
other. He was a younger man. He
might have been mistaken easily for
a district school master or a class lead
er in a Methodist church. He was Jim.
The other was Bill; and when they
joined the crowd there was an air of
expectancy on many faces.
"What's this you be saylu'?" demand
ed one of tile two. "Yo think we can't
outbid them fellers. Ye think we'll let
any furriner come Inter the old county
o'Sussex n' take care 'n our people
better 'n wo kin take care 'n 'em our
selves? Well. I guess not. Hole you,
Tom, you want to sell your vote. I'll
set the pace for 'em. I'll give ye $30
for it."
All eyes turned to the other, tho look
of expectancy Increasing while Tom -who.
by the way, Is called Tom merely
to 'hide Ills Identity a raw-boned
American, who actually owned, free
and .clear of eneumberance, one of the
llnest farms in the peuoh-grov.iiig dis
trict, looked mightily pleased.
"Ye must think votes ain't worth
liuthln'," retorted the other. "I'll give
ye thirty-live. Tom; come on."
"Forty," said the first, thrusting ills
hand In his pocket, while the men In
the crowd nudged one another. 'Pom's
fuce wore a smile that would rival a
sunbeam for brightness.
"Forty-five, Tom." said tho second
bidder, shoving his hand In ills pocket,
"Fifty," said the llrst. "Flfty.'u yo
get It, Tom. Ye can trust me. I've been
buyln your vote a good many yeurs.'n
I never went back on yo yet, did I?'
"Fifty-five," s;ioke up number two,
without a moment of hsltanc:1. "T"
hear that feller talk y" might think
$50 was a mlnto" money. Flfty-dlve, d'
ye take it?"
"Sixty," said number one. "D' ye
think ye kin scarce me? Why, we got
money f burn."
"Sixty-five," said number two. "He's
a white man, 'n' his votes worth It, if
it's Worth a cent. Sixtv-ilve in hard
The crowd had crown In size and
pressed closely around Hie bidders and
the freeman who was selling his fran
chise. The spot they stood on was
almost precisely the spot on which, in
tho days before the war, the Sheriff
had sold many ne,:ro slaves niggers,
as these freemen contemptuously call
ed them, less than llfty feet away, and
In plain view of all who had simply
to turn their heads to see it, stood
tho cointy whipping post that the
State of Delaware maintains still for
the uunlshmcnt of her criminals. But
it was there only to punish real crim
inals, petty . thieves who steal chick
ens, or the like. It had no terrors for
these men. Thpy were not criminals.
They would not steal chickens.
"Seventy," came back the llrst bid
der without a tremor, while the eyes
of the men In the crowd'danced and
they hungtd themselves In sheer es
ntdcy and mentally Usured what sev
enty dollars would bring and how
much higher that was than the price
they hud been accustomed to getting
for their votes.
"Seventy-five," came back number
two, with a grin, and Tom's eyes stood
out. j
"Eighty," called number one, with
out turnlns a hnlr.
"Geewhllllken!" snorted one ot the
outsiders, unable to restrain himself
longer and jumping up and down wlt,h
Joy ns visions of new red topboots
galore danced beforo Ills eyes.
"Eighty-five," hi Id number two, with
the air of a man with unlimited means.
"Ninety," came back number one, os
the crowd casped nt the very Idea,
"Ninety-live," snorted number two,
"I want thut vote, ma honey, n I'm
goln' t' have It."
"One hundred dollars; come along,
Tom, he can't touch mo. A hundred
dollars for the straight ticket, 'er one
cut If ye. wnnt It. Maybe yo got a.
friend on his ticket ye want t' vote
"One hundred 'n five," said number
two;, "I always did wnnt your vote,
Tom. Come on now! try how easy'lt
feels t vote our ticket."
Number one began nt this singe of
the proceedings to breathe a bit heav
ily. The size of the bid rather stag
gered him. Ho thoifsht a moment be
foro ho snld. "A hundred 'n six, dang
ye; ye can't have hlin."
"Hundred 'n iovenl" said number
two. I
"Hooray for the Union Republicans!"
yelled one of the crowd that now num
bered at least thirty, and there wus
some response. Tom looked ut number
one, Early In the game ho had expect
ed to be knocked down for $t0 ut tho
outside. Fifty-live had made him
gasp, sixty had made hlin almost
dance, slxty-llVo hud made him stare
In open-mouthed astonishment, seven-ty-llve
had brought him to a realizing
sense of what was going on. He saw
two men with, he believed, unlimited
money. All the cupidity In his nature
was aroused, und he looiced from one
to the other as the successive bids
came, as n professional auctioneer
looks from one- to the other of Ills rival
bidders with nn encourairlng don't-let-hlm-beat-you
"Hundred and twelve," said number
one with an effort.
"Hundred 'h seventeen," said number
The crowd was awed by, the magni
tude of the bidding. The men stood
open-mouthed. Tom nodded uuctloneei
fashion at number one, who respond
ed after a pause:
"Ilndred 'n eighteen."
"Hundred 'n twenty-throo," said
number two, not a whit abushod.. "I
tole you a' stnrtln', honey, thet I want
ed thet vote, 'n had the money to pay
for It."
"Hundred 'n twenty-four," said num
ber one nfter another nod. He was
clearly outdone. ..."
"Hundred 'n twenty-nine," came back
number two, '
"Ah, he won't give It to ye," said
number one desperately. "I got nlbru,
money 'n no nas. He's only biuinu',
that's all."
"Come on, Tom,' said number two, in
triumph, "come on 'n I'll votechn."
The crowd broke on' the side nearest
the polls. Through the opening walked
the purchaser and the freeman straight
up to the polls. The freeman stepped
Inside. He was In tho booth a moment.,
Ho came out and handed his ballot to
tho poll clerk. He came out und re
joined his purchaser. They, walked to
the corner below and the crowd that
had watched the bidding followed as -a
herd of -sheep follows Its leader. Bid
der number one was left standing
where ids defeat had been accomplish
This is a true story of an election In
cident in tho state of Delaware, in tho
county of Sussex nnd In the town and
tho election hundred of Georgetown. It'
Is printed here at the head of this arti
cle on Delaware politics to show tho
reader at once tho utter shamelessncss
that has come upon this state and upon
her people, the depth of depravity to
which she has fallen, the lawlessness
tiio debauchery, the villainy, the rot
tenness that she now revels In, that lias
followed naturally the entrance Into
her politics of men with ambitions,
with an utter lack of moral principle
and a belief that they could purchase
what they wanted with money, caring
not when they made the purchase
whether a people were debauched. It
Is not alleged that this story ot the auc
tion of a freeman's vote In open shnme
lessness is a-story of an incident that
Is frequent in Delaware. It was an ex
ceptional Incident of a recent election
not tho last. That It occurred at all la
sulllclont. Whoever has read it can be
lieve that In a single district whero
492 votes wore cast 412 of the electors
were debaucher by bribes. Whoever
has read It can believe that In the
streets of the town of Mllford young
men havo called about tjiem the brib
ers and have openly offered their votes
for sale. He can believe that tho whole
social structure, as far as the election
franchise Is concerned, Is rotten to the
core. He can believe that even the
church has been debauched, that class
leaders have hnndled the money nnd
purchased the votes of the flocks, and
that for a consideration ministers ot
the gospel have themselves worked to
Influence an hold their congregations
in line. They can believe that there is
no depth of crime to which the elector
could sink on election day that he has
not sunk to, no shamelessness that It
Is possible for him to show that he has
not shown. Bet the reader disabuse
Ills mind In the beginning of any idea
that tills article Is an assault on any
particular Individual or upon nnv par
ticular political party. It Is a cold
presentation of the facts as they were
found and studied by a reporter who
recently visited the three counties of
the state and talked with the leading
citizens In those counties, bank piesl
dents, clergymen, physician?, lawyers,
members of the state constitutional
convention, state senators, merchants,
farmers, and last, but not least, with
the men who aie openly In the business
of vote buying, who are known by their
neighbors to be In It. and admit It and
talk about It even with strangers with
less shame than the most hardened
woman of the town would tulk about
her business.
- V H
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O. P. Si'Kixa, Publisher of the
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Hamiv McDonald, Rnhwny, N.
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A Email bottle of pleasant pellets, llts
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Cheapest, Because tiio (Jest h
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Rend for that little tool;, "Infnnt
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Ihcrc is only one
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fat Cleanlier than lard, and
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Oennlno Cottolono Is sold ovorywhero with trado marks "Oottolcne" nnd
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A liniidioinely Illustrated Jftlthm Vultndar of uiilmi) deitgn, for tso", contnlntnc Thren
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Sfr; -vMlV'-l
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What Sarali Bernhard aays
TM W t'.T
Chlchcatci-' Hnslltli DinmoD.l lirnnfl.
Orli?liiul nud Onlv (3rinilnt
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