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The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, May 21, 1897, Morning, Image 1

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The Morgan Resolution Is
Passed by a Vote of
41 to 14
An Ineffectual Attempt Made
to Sidetrack Resolution.
At Every St ago of llio Proceedings
the Friends oT Culm Presented n
Stonewall Front mid the Announce
ment of tho Decisive Vote Was
.11 a do the Occasion oin Tumultuous
Demonstration on the rioor of the
Scuate--Thc Resolution Now Goes
to the House for Concurrence, Hut
It May He Hlockcd There by the
Opposition ol'Spcnkcr Heed.
Washington, May 20. The long: and
exciting debate on the Joint resolution,
recognizing- the existence of a state of
wnr in Cuba and dcclailng that strict
neutrality khall be maintained by the
United States, passed the senate by the
decisive vote of 41 to 14 at a late hour
this afternoon. The announcement of
the vote was received with tumultuous
applause which drew from Senator
Hawloy an emphatic protest against
"nvob demonstiatlon." The resolution
us passed Is as follows: (
Resolved, etc., That a condition of
public war exists betwcn tho govern
ment of Spain and tho government
proclaimed and for some time main
tained by force of arms by the peoplo
of Cuba, and that tho United States
of America shall maintainastrlct neu
trality between the contending parties,
nccordlog to each all the rights of bel
ligerents In the ports and tcintory of
tho United States.
An analysis of the vote shows that
Ihe afilrmative was cast by 18 Republi
cans, 19 Democrats and 4 Populists,
and the negative by 12 Republicans and
2 Democrats.
Prior to the final vote the motion of
Senator Hale to refer the resolution to
the committee on foreign reflations
as tabled; yeas, 34; nays, 19. Mr.
Fairbanks, of Indiana, then proposed
n substitute providing that tho presi
dent extend tho good ofllces of the
United States to Spain toward securing
nn end to the conflict and the ultimate
Independence of the Island. This, too,
was tabled, yeas 35, nays IS. Then fol
lowed the adoption of the original reso
Tenor ot tho Debute Leading Up to
the Resolutions Adoption.
Washington, May 20. At 12:S0 the
senate was about to take up the calen
dar when Mr. Morgan unexpectedly
asked that the Cuban resolution be
taken up without waiting for Its for
mal presentation at 2 o'clock. Mr.
Hale said there would bo no objection
to this plan. The resolution was then
taken up and Mr. Thurston, of Ne
braska, addressed the senate. He spoke
ot the bloody contest which had raged
during the last two years. There was
nmplo informatI6n as to its extent,
from American correspondents who
had written their dispatches on the
field of battle, from the Teports Which
filled the records of the senate ami In
the archives of the state department.
Every man In the United States ought
to be ready for action on this question
at this tlme.and if any tenator was not
sufficiently Informed Mr. Thurston
commended him to the consideration
of his constituents. Tho senator re
ferred to the St. Louis convention
over which ho presided and pictured
tho scene when "with a mighty shout
that seemed to lift the voof above our
heads" the Cuban resolution was
passed by the convention.
That declaration could not be faith
fully carried out unless we first recog
nize tho Cubans as belligerents and
thereby lay the foundation for tho full
execution of that declaration. It was
whispered, Mr. Thurston said, that this
resolution came from Democratic
sources and that this Republican ad
ministration should direct the policy
on this great subject. "No Republi
can can afford to vote against this res
olution becau.se It was introduced by
the Democratic senator' from Ala
Mr. Thurston read the Interview of
formerPremIor Sagasta published to
day and declared that this was a com
plete admission of all that hud been
asserted of tho impotency of the Span
ish cause In Cuba. At another point
tho senator declared that war, bloody
and oruel, proceeded in Cuba and Spain
is no nearer the subjugation of the in
surgents than she was at tho opening
of tho first engagement. "If fleace
ever comes to Cuba," he added, "It will
come under the Cuban (lag, when that
last remnant of despotlo authority is
turned back to foreign shores."
Referring to tho right of search
which would follow a recognition of
belligerency, Mr. Thurston bald there
could be no provocation to war If the
search was conducted in accordanco
with international law, but If tho
search was conducted by Spain or any
other power without respect to inter
na'tlonal law "there ought to he war
by the United States of America; and
war shall como to mulntaln tho honor of
Jho nation."
Then the senator closed ns follows:
"These things the United States ot
America can constitutionally and law
fully do. Let us do them now. Lot us
dispatch the mightiest battleship of the
United States to Cuba. Let us station
her In the harbor of Havana. Thoro
her frowning gun? may disturb the
spirit of tyranny by night, and by day
her shining stars may cheer the hearts
of those who are struggling to be free."
The gnllery broke Into applause at
closing reference to a battleship, but
the presiding officer quickly checked the
Mr. Elklns, of West Virginia, followed
In a speech urging that the senate
should not act precipitately, but should
nwalt the Inquiries now being made by
the officials of the government. Mr.
Elklns went on to say that tho possi
bilities of war were being trented very
lightly. He added "Spain can declaro
war and not fire a gun and It will cost
this nation $500,000,000."
Mr. White, of California, opposed the
resolution and was led into several
lively and amusing exchanges with Mr.
Chandler. Mr. Hawley spoke briefly
on the desirability of conservative and
cautious action at a time of serious
emergency. He closed at 3.10 and tho
voting began nt once.
The pending question was on tho
Hale motion to refer the Cuba resolu
tion to the committee on foreign rela
tions. The vote was followed with In
tense interest by the crowded galleries.
It was defeated, yeas 19, nays 34.
A hum of excited comment ran
through the galleries as the vice presi
dent In culm tones announced the de
feat of the motion to refer, nddlng that
the question now was on the adoption
of the resolution.
It seemed likely that a final vote
would be taken nt once, but Mr. Fair
banks took the floor for his first speech
In tho senate. He was glad, he said,
to observe that there was no difference
among senators in regard to their de
sire for freedom In Cuba. All were
anxious to Fee liberty established on
the desolate island. The only difficulty
was ns to the moans to that end. He
thought the ordinary course should be
followed, of waiting for the report of a
commissioner. The most desirable
course to pursue, he entd, was to ten
der the good offices of the United
States In the cause of peace "and the ul
timate independence of the Island.
The senator bpoke of the misery and
want prevailing in this country. The
worklngmen and the manufacturers
were alike discouraged. They were
not sun'trlne from Weyler but from
the delays of tho tariff. "Pass the
tarllf, pass the tariff" was their cry.
Mr. Fairbanks then offerad a substi
tute for the pending Morgan resolution.
Mr. Morgan Jhen moved to lay on the
table the Fairbanks substitute. A yea
and nay vote was then taken on this
motion. The substitute was tabled by
the decisive vote of 35 yeas to 15 nays.
This again cleared tho way for a vote
on the resolution.
Mr. Hale, who has been the recog
nized leader of the opposition to the
resolution, aiose for a. final word of
protest. He spoke with intenso ear
nestness and feeling, with a tinge of
bitterness In his tones. It was evident,
he said, that nothing now could stay
the course al the senate In passing
this resolution, lrt the votes Just tak
en, the foreign policy of this admlfl
isttutlon had been dictated and dictat
ed by those In opposition to It. "I be
lieve," continued Mr. Hale, "that the
passage of thlb resolution Involves the
United fatates possibly and I fear, prob
ably, in war in the near future."
Mr. Galllnger answered 'Mr. Hale',
saying he did not share Mr. Hale's
fears. He recalled the platform of St.
Louis with Its Cuban plank, and on
that platform he stood. With this dec
laration and the sentiment prevailing
among the American people, there was
no fear of Incurring the disapproval of
the people or of the Republican party.
Mr. Spooner spoke in opposition to
the resolution on the ground that Its
adoption would be an Infringement up
on the president's prerogative. There
was no reason to doubt Mr. McKln-
ley's loyalty to the Republican plat
form or his love of Independence. Ho
had shown on the battlefield to be a
lover of liberty and no sentiment show
ing Mm to be otherwise than such had
ever fallen from his lips.
Mr. Gorman said he would not have
ontered Into the debate had it not
been for the effort to make a. party
matter out of the resolution and to ar
raign those advocating It as actuated
by motives unfriendly to tho adminis
tration. When the administration olll
cers feared the asfcasMnatlon of our
consuls in Cuba, and did not immedi
ately send one of the ships of our mag
nificent fleet at Hampton Roads, then
it was time for the senate to act.
"Do I understand asked Mr. Hoar,
"that tho senator supports this resolu
tion on the ground of tho delinquency
of the president?"
"I say," responded Mr. Gorman,
"that if the Mate department con
tains information from officials whoso
nainei) cannot be given without endan
gering their safety, then the executive
is delinquent when he falls to send a
warship to protect our officers and our
interests. No nation on earth would
fall to protect its representatives In
such emergencies."
Mr. aormansaid he resented the sug
gestion that the protection to American
citizens was one of party. Ho expected
to follow President McKlnley In tho
protection of American citizens. But
in view of their failure
"Failure by whom?" Interposed Mr.
"Failure by tho executive branch of
the government; by the president of
tho United States and secretary of
s"tate," answered Mr. Gorman.Mr. Gor
man closed with the statement that ho
did not believe tho passage of the reso
lution would Involve the United States
In war with Spain.
Then came the final vote. It was
E.20 o'clock when the voting began and
the callerles hod cnerlv nwnllnri Mil.
J culmination oX the exciting debate.
When tho presiding officer announced
the passage ot the resolution, yeas' 41,
nays 14, the pent up feeling of the spec
tators found expression In a noisy and
long continued demonstration. A mo
ment later the senate went. Into execu
tive session an at'5.40 adjourned until
Monday. '
The detailed vote on the passage of
the resolution follows:
Yea Uucon, linker, Bate, Berry, But
ler, Carter, Chandler. Chilton, Clark, Clay,
Cockrell, Cullom, Davis, Dboe, Forakcr,
Gnlllnger. Gormun, Hansbrough, Harris
(Kan,), HeltfUld, Jones TAvk.J" Kcnney,
Lindsay, McBrlde, Mantle," "Mason, Mills,
Morgan, Nelson, Pascoo, Pcttlgrew, Pct
tus, Prltchard, Rawlins, Bhoup, Stcwnrt,
Thurston, Tillman, Turner, Turple, Wnlt-hall-ll.
Nays Allison, Burrows, Cnffroy, Fair
banks, Gear, Hale, Hanna, Hawley, Honr,
Spoonur, Wellington, Wetinore, White,
Hitt Snys McKlnley Wnnts to (Jain
Cuba's Independence.
Washington. May 20. Cuban affairs
furnished tho house with a day of bit
ter partisan debate. The resolution ap
propriating $50,000 for tho relief of
American citizens was adopted without
a dissenting vote, but tho Demociats
endeavored to force consideration also
of the Morgan resolution for recogni
tion of the belligerency of the Insur
gents. They accused the Republicans of
endeavoring to evade this Issue, but
tho dominant party through its spokes
man, Mr. Hitt, made the Impoitant
statement that the Republicans de
sired not to embarrass negotiations
which were being projected by Presi
dent McKlnley to secure tho Indepen
dence of-Cuba.
While Mr. Hitt disclaimed presiden
tial authority for his statement It was
well known that he had been In con
sultation with Mr. McKlnley on the
question and knew whereof he spoke.
The day's programme was that pre
viously forecasted. The committee on
rules presented a report giving two
hours debate on the relief resolution.
Mr. Bailey endeavored to present tho
iey of the minority of the committee
and to move a recommittal but was de
clared out of order by Speaker Reed,
Ho mode a strong speech and -was giv
en the unanimous support of Demo
crats, Populists and Sllverltes, while
but three Republicans, Messrs. Coop
er, of Wlrdonsin; Colson, of Kentucky
and Robblns, of Pennsylvania, voted
to consider the senate resolution. The
Railleries were packed and manifested
their usual sympathy for Cu'ba. The
speeches were mado by Messrs. Dal
zell, Bailey, Hitt, Grosvenor. Williams,
Livingstone, Wheeler, Adams, Clayton,
McMillan, Bell, Simpson, Hull and
Brown. Mr. Robbing Pennsylvania,
gave a graphic dlscrlptlon of the situa
tion In Cuba based on a personal visit.
France Is the First Nation to Send Relief
to Suffering Subjects Resident
in Cuba.
Hnvana, via Key West, May 19.
Hunger and disease continue to spread
all over the island with terrible conse
quences. Many persons die In abso
llte destitution without resources of
any kind. A malady called berl-berl,
which often attacks the impoverished
classes In India, China and Africa, has
made its appearance at Santiago do
Cuba and Holguln. The French gov
ernment has sent food to sixty starving
French families at Santiago do Cuba.
Captain General Weyler having or
dered the concentration of the country
people in the, districts of Moron and
Tuscaro, the Inhabitants of the vil
lages of Chambas and Marsqul gath
ered at Moron. Their villages were
subsequently reduced to ashes, to
gether with all the country houses In
that district.
The Insurgent comptroller nt Satur
nlno and Lastro has levied contrlhu
lons of 2 per cent, on value of all farms
within his Jurisdiction, nnd has also
ordered a forced loan from the proprie
tors of the Central Sugar estates.
Southern .Mayor Tells New Resident
That Such Actions .Must Stop.
Rome, Ga., May 20. George Ran
kin of Michigan, who recently settled
In Caitersvllle, has shocked the
town by associating with a negro. The
negro has been a frequent guest at tho
white man's house. When the; negro
promenaded the streets with the flaxen-haired
daugihter of Rankin "It was
too much.
Mayor WIckle sent the town Marshal
to Rankin and notified him that such
conduct would not 'be tolerated. Ran
in's three children have been sus
pended from public schools.
Struck Uy n Train nt WilKes-IInrre,
Dies at the lMttslon Station.
Special to the Scranton Tribune,
Plttston, May 21, 1 a. m. A passenger
train on the Delaware and "Hudson
railroad, reaching Plttston at 12.09 this
mornlng.struck a man near the Wllkes
Barre round-house on the north trip.
Ho was brought on the trajn to this
city and died at shortly after tho
arrival in tho Plttston station. A time
book In his pocket bore the name of
"Samuel Roddls." No residence Is giv
Tho l'olkotliuig Summoned to Con
sider tho Situation.
Copenhagen, May 20. As it has been
found Impossible to form a new minis
try commanding the support of the
Landsthlng, whose recent vote on the
budget estimates led to tho resigna
tion of the cabinet, of which Baron
von Reedtz-Thott was premier and
minister for foreign affairs, tho Folke
thlng has been summoned to meet on
Monday to consider the situation.
Tho Covcrnor Approves tho Expendi
ture of 9'J, 500,nn.
Albany, May 20. Governor Black to
day signed the bill allowing New York
pity to spend $2,500,000 for the improve
ment of Bryant park and the building
of a free library, to be occupied by the
New York public library and tho As
tor, Lenox and TllUen foundations,
Clasping It, n St. Louis Bank Em
ploye, Takes Ills Life.
St. Louis, May 20. George A. Taylor,
who has been in tho banking business
In St. Louis for 13 years, and who was
known us a man of Integrity, was
found dead In bed at the Normandle
hotel today. An empty bottle labeled
"Hydroclanlc ncld," and a number of
lettera showed that ho had committed
suicide In a most deliberate and dram
atic manner.
The' dead man clasped in his hands
the picture of a woman, not his wife.
Nobody knows who she Is. The dend
man had trouble with his wife, and she
entered suit for divorce, later having
the case dismissed. Mrs. Taylor now
liven In Eldorado, Iowa, with their
lie Says Spain's Relations with This
Country Aro Excellent.
Madrid, May 20. Senor Canovas has
declared that the policy of the admin
istration In Washington cannot be con
sidered hostile to Spain. Tho opposi
tion newspaper press bitterly attacks
the government because It does not pre
vent the United States from relieving
the distress of Americans in Cuba.
President McKInley's massage is
commented upon as an Insult to Spain
and Consul General Lee Is- called the
captain general of Cuba, and the Amer
icans the real owners of the Island.
Tbey Protest Vigorously Against the
Proposed Increase In the Internal
Revenue Tax on Beer.
Washington, May 20. The expected
strong protest of the brewers of the
country against the proposition of the
benate finance committee to increase
the tax on beer has been made. Or
ganizations all over tho United States
where brewerlnc Is carried on have
sent In their petitions against tho re
vised schedule, and letters from other
sources directed on senators and rep
resentatives are not wanting, A speci
men of tho protests against the pro
posed legislation Is a letter directed to
the Connecticut senators, received to
day from the Connecticut Brewers' as
sociation: The petitioners assert that It Is un
just to "saddle additional burdens on
an Industry that has uninterruptedly
and uncomplainingly borne the old war
tax ever since Its first imposition (aid
ing the government In devising and
maintaining means for Its prompt col
lection), while nil other Internal war
taxes have been abolished, excoot as
to ardent spirits andtobacoo, In which
latter instnnctsMhc rates of 1S63 have
beert considerably reduced."
The Result of Carelessly Throwing n
.Hutch in His Wagon.
Horncllsvllle, N. Y May 20. George
Mack, a milkman living at Kaar Val
ley and having a route In this city,
was fatally burned last night. He had
finished his work, and after buying
some parcels he started to drive home.
When about half way home he lit his
pipe, and the match or some fire from
the pipe fell among the paicels and in
a minute the wagon was in flames.
Mack wore a mackintosh coat, and this
also caught fire. He jumped out of the
wagon and rolled around in the road
and grass, attempting to put the firo
out. Mack died before a physician
could render any assistance.
They Kill Tighty Men in n Hospital.
A Train ISIowu lip.
New York, May 20. A Havana spe
cial to the Sun says: The Spanish
forces, under Captain Enrique Pulg,
attucked a Cuban hospital near Beju
cal, Havana, capturing eighteen nurses
and killing all the sick and wounded
and tho physicians. The total number
of victims was eighty. A Cuban force
attacked Pule and his men two hours
after theli crime and put them to flight
after killing fifty men with machetes.
At Laguna Vleja, Plnar del Rio, Cap
tain Calesco, with 200 Spaniards, wns
defeated by General Qulntln Banderas.
A train near Vega Alata has been
blown up with dynamite by the Insur
gents, killing over 100 Spanish soldiers.
Cnpt. John D, Ilnrt OUeri tho Laur
ndn to the Government.
Philadelphia, May 20. Captain John
D. Hart, whose alleged complicity In
numerous filibustering expeditions, has
made him famous, and who was con
victed of violating the neutrality laws,
has offered the steamer Laurada to the
United States government for the pur
pose of carrying supplies to tho Ameri
can citizens In Cuba.
Captain Hart says the Laurada has
been tendered the government through
Senator Gray, of Delaware, who Is the
attorney for the Hart Steamship com
pany. United Stntcs Scuntor Dend.
Columbia, 8. C, May 20 United States
Senutor Joseph II. Harle died at his tesl
denco In Greenville this afternoon at 5.35
o'clock. Ho had been 111 for several weeks,
but until yesterday hopes wero enter
tained for his recovery. Brlsht's dlscaso
was the cpuso of diJth,
Tho Conl Trust Inquiry.
Mor.tiofllo. N. Y Muy 20.IuiIgo Chcs.
ter has postponed tho coal trudt inquiry to
May 27, and has Issued an order for tho
attorney general to show why tho inves
tigation should not be held In New York
Instead of Albany,
The Ilcrnld's Heather I'orccnst.
New York, May 21. In the Mlddlo stales
and New England today, cloudy to partly
cloudy, cooler weather will prevail with
fresh to brisk southwesterly winds shift
ing to northwesterly, ralmand local thun
der storms, followed by uloarlng In tho
western districts of this section by noon
and In the oistern districts tonight. On
Saturday, In both of these section., partly
cloudy to fair weathor will prevail with
fresh variable winds and nearly station
ary, followed In this section by rising ten;.
peraturc, .
Premier Ralll Informs the Turk as to
Greece's Intentions.
To Do So Would Render Ensy tho"
Knitting of Greek Territory by
Armed llnnds and Necessitate tho
.Supporting oT n Largo Standing
Army--()thcr Developments in the
Lantern Complication.
Athens, May 20. M. Rail!, tho prem
ier, In the course of an interview today,
suld: "The Indemnity which Greece
will pay Turkey will be In proportion
to the lesources of Greece and her
financial position. The cession of terri
tory is out of the question. Greece can
not accept a modification of the strate
gic frontier which would render easy
the raiding of Greek territory by armed
bands nnd which would compel Greece
to maintain a numerous army In order
to prevent such Incursions."
Athens, May 20. An armistice be
tween the Turkish and Greek troops In
Thessaly, to extend over a period of
seventeen days, was formally conclud
ed today.
Constantinople, May 20. Although It
Is not definitely decided, It Is thought
the peace negotiations will be conduct
ed between Turkey and Greece direct
nnd that afterward, following the pre
cedent of the treaty of St. Stefano, tho
terms will be submitted to a European
conference, which will probably meet
at Paris.
Berlin, May 20. A telegram received
here from Constantinople this after
noon says tho attempt of the Turkish
commander In Eplrus to treat with tho
Greeks for nn nrmlstlce has resulted In
failure, owing to the Greeks having Ig
nored the flag of truce and to their hav
ing attempted yesterday, with two bat
talions of troops, to make a fresh In
cursion Into Turkish territory.The
Greeks, It Is further stated, also shelled
the Turkish positions. In conclusion,
the Constantinople dispatch says the
Turkish government disclaims all re
sponsibility for what may follow.
London, May 20. A special dispatch
from Canea, Island of Crete, says that
the Cretans have decided to co-operate
with the admirals commanding the
fleets of the foreign powers In the work
of organizing a government for the
Quick Work Saved the Dig White
Building nt Albany.
Albany, May 20. A temporary roof
ing over the eastern approach to the
capltol caught fire at 1 o'clock today.
A stiff east wind wns blowing, and In
five minutes the capltol was filled with
Great excitement was occasioned
throughout the departments. The fire
was directly In front of the private
rooms of tho judges of the "court of
appeals, which are filled with valuable
law libraries and documents.
Tho fire was put out with hand ex
tinguishers, after a half hour's work,
without damage to anything but the
roofing and some scaffolding. It Is be
lieved to have originated from the up
setting of a plumber's furnace.
Mr. Calhoun Leaves Havana to Begin
His Investigation.
Havana, May 20. The Rutz commis
sion was Informally organized this
morning and will go to Guanabacoa
this afternoon to begin the Inquiry
Into the death In the Jail at that place
of Dr. RIcardo Ruiz.
Senor Enrique Roig, whose name was
presented by Dr. Congosto, the Spanish
consul nt Philadelphia, who accom
panies the United States commission
er, W. J. Calhoun, was finally accept
ed as counsel by General Fltzhugh Lee,
tho United States consul general and
Mr. Calhoun.
.Murder Committed on tho Street in
tho Now Town of Unudsburg.
Mojave, Cal., May 20. Randsburg, the
new mining town on the Mojave desert,
forty miles from here, was the fccene
yesterday of the murder by David Da
vidson of his divorced wife.
Davidson had kept a restaurant In
Los Angeles with his wife, but she got
a divorce for cruelty, and came to
Randsburg, where she opened an eat
ing house and did well. Davidson ar
rived on the stage. Ho met his wife on
tho street and a violent quarrel began.
He suddenly pulled a revolver and shot
tho woman three times.
Trnmps Apply tho Torch to n Far
mer's Dwelling.
Montlcello, Ky., May 20. News has
reached here of the cremation of Far
mer Thomas Blddle, his wife and three
children, living on White Oak Creek, In
Tennessee, on Monday night. Tramps
had asked permission of Blddlo to build
a fire In his barn, which ha refused to
allow them to do, and ordered them to
Tho same nlcht Blddle's house was
destroyed by lire, and his wife and
three children wero roasted alive. It
is supposed tho tramps applied tho
torch to tho house out of revenge.
She Will Never Agree lo Sale of Culm
or Mediation.
Madrid, May 20. A semi-official dec
laration la Issued to the effect that
Spain will never agree to tho sale of
Cuba, nor to foreign mediation In "a
question 'Which she regards as exclu
sively concerning herself'
Tiro Department Wns Entirely ln
nblo to Copo with It.
New York, May 2a, Twice tonight
firo visited Hoboken, N. J and the
loss waB heavy. One whole block was
reduced to ashes, 140 families wero ren
dered homclcFs, nnd a big factory was
destroyed. The Hoboken fire depart
ment was totally unnble to copo with
tho flames and help was summoned
from every portion of Hudson county.
Later in tho night when the dry docks
ut Seventeenth street caught fire the
only hope of saving them wns from
tugs called to the scene by the flames.
The first lire broke out In tho big
factory building in the block bounded
by Thirteenth and Twelfth streets and
Washington nnd Hudson streets. From
tho factory the flames leaped to tho
apartment houses on the black and
they were swept away.
Tho burning- of tho factory will
throw out of employment about 150
hands directly and many more who
were dependent In minor ways upon it
for employment.
Smnllcr Mnnulnctnrers Said to IIo
Dissatisfied with the Situation.
Pittsburg, .M'ay 20. The smaller
manufacturers of steel and billet rails
are advocating tho reorganization of
the plllct and steel pools. They wero
not satisfied with their allotment, but
tho disruption of the pools, It Is eald,
brought no relief.
Tho large manufacturers say they
have no intention of going into anoth
er pool.
Defeated Dr. Henry C. Minton by Seventy-five
Voles Dr. Withrow Pre
sided at the Evening Meeting.
Eaglelnke, Ind., May 20. As was In
dicated yesterday there were but two
candidates for the moderatorshtp of the
Presbyterian general assembly Dr.
Sheldon Jackson, the homo missionary
and- Dr. Henry C. Minton, the semin
ary professor. The politicians of tho
assembly were treated to a irreat sur
prise and the election ot Dr. Jackson
by a vote of 313 to 238 was character
ized by many delegates as a "break
ing ot the machine."
It was claimed as a victory for tho
more liberal branch of the church nnd
was In lln with' the election of Dr.
Withrow la3t year. The new modera
tor In taking the chair disclaimed any
personal elements In hii election but
charged It to the dcilre of tho church
to forward the home missionary work
of which he is an exponeatj
Today's afternoon session began at 3
o'clock nnd was occupied by the roll
call and the election of a moderator.
Wlnn the ballot was declared, Dra.
Splnlng nnd Hayes was appointed a
committee to escort the successful can
didate to the platform where ho was
welcomed with a few remarks by Dr.
Withrow. The new moderator respond
ed briefly and after a few notices, tho
assembly adjourned until evening;
When the sacrament tit the Lord's sup
per was celebrated. '
Dr. Withrow presided. Jle -was as
sisted by Dr. Stephen W. Dana, of
Philadelphia, who administered the
bread, and Dr. Wilson Phraner, of New
York, who served the cup. The ele
mentF wero distributed by twenty eld
ers headed by ex-President Benjamin
Harrison and Mr. John Wanamaker.
Nominntes Officers nnd Decides to
.11 cot Next in Honesdnle.
Mauch Chunk, Pa.) May 20 The
great council of Pennsylvania, Im
proved Order of Red Men, concluded Its
session hero this evening. Nominations
for officers to be voted for in March,
1S98 were ns follows:
Great prophet, W. E. Rodgers; great
sachem, Jerome Hlte; great senior sag
amore, Joseph Allison; great junior
sagamore, Frank Lainont, T. T. Boyer,
A. II. Focht, A. A. Ayres and C. F.
Tyre: great chief of records, Thomas
K. Donnalley, Joseph Clymer, T. D.
Tanner, George Pollock, Henry Law
rence, C. II. Newell and C. S. Hayden;
great keeper of wampum, George W.
K reamer.
Honesdale was selected as the place
for holding the next nnnual council.
The Senate Committee on Interstate
Commerce Postpones Action.
Washington, May 20. The cenato
committee of interstate commerce met
today, and falling to agree upon any
recommendation upon tho Pooling bill,
adjourned to Saturday next. Senator
Chilton moved the postponement of tho
question until next December, but no
vote was reached on the motion.
Th!s proposition was in occc'rdance
with a letter received from the Inter
state Commerce Commission, recom
mending that no legislation be enact
ed at present. Tho principal reason
given was the fact that there are ques
tions pending In the courts, notably
those Involved In tho Joint Traffic As
sociation case, which the Commission
thinks should be legally determined bo
fore a further effort is made in legis
Weather Indications Today:
Showers Are Probable,
1 (dcnot-al) Sonato Passes tho Morgan
Belligerency Resolution.
Developments of the Eastern Compli
cation. State Mine Inquiry Sessions Held.
2 (Sport) Thirteen Inning Tlo Gamo Be
tween Scranton and Providence.
Eastern, National and Atlantic League
Judge Gets the Decision Over MoWUI-
lams in Last Night's Boxing Bout,
3 (State)-Lcgislatlvo Work.
i Editorial.
Washington Gossip,
5 (Local)-Stato Mine Inquiry (Contin
ued). G (Local) Delegates for the State Prohl
bltlon Convention.
Dunmoro Election Contest,
Threo Unruly Husbands.
7 (Local) The Appropriation Ordinance
Passes Councils.
Ordination of Henry W. Luce.
8 (Local) West Side nnd City Suburban.
9 Lackawanna County Events.
10 Neighboring County News,
Total Abstainers Elect Officers,
Financial and Commercial, "
Three Sessions Held in
the Hotel Jermyn
Reads a Statement Setting
Forth His Views.
Mnny Miners Tell of Their Distressed
Coudition--l,ay That .illno Workors
llavo Earned This Yonr--Threo
Company Store Managers Enlighten
the C'omtnlttco.on This Phase of tho
Question - Ex-County Commls
siouer Ilurke 'Exploits His Idcns
nnd fins n Discussion with Commit
tconicn--Will Meet .Again Todny.
Tho committee of the stato legisla
ture, which Is Inquiring Into the condi
tion of tho anthracite coal regions witW
a view of suggesting a remedy for tho
existing depre8SiIonv resumed its inves
tigation at Hotel Jermyn, yesterday
Senators Meredith and Haines and
Representatives Roberts, Dinlnp and
Campbell were all In attendance, tho
latter two arriving shortly nfter tha
beginning of the morning session. Sen
ator J. C, Vaughan was also present
and from his knowledge of tho matter
In hand proved to bo of great assist
ance to the committee.
it was Intended to start the morn
ing session at 9.30 o'clock but Senutor
Meredith, chairman of the commission,
tn company with Senator Vaughan,
both of whom are on the appropria
tion committee, started out early in tho '
morning to visit the Lackawanna and
West Side hospitals and Oral school
and to view the new Home for tha
Friendless grounds, and as they wero
late In returning the investigation was
not begun until after 10 o'clock.
The committee sat in the writing
room off tho main corridor on the first
floor, Djtecllves Daniel McSweeney
and A. Tllford, of the Barrinr & Mc
Sweeney agency, looking nfter tho wit
nesses. The first to appear was Hon. T. V.
Powderly, ex-general master workman
of the Knights of Labor. The commit
tee expected much from Mr. Powderly
and was not disappointed. Mr. Pow
derly bald he had not acquainted him
self thoroughly with the line of In
vestigation the committee was follow
ing, but believed he had covered to
eomo extent what the committee ex
pected of him, In a written statement
which he was prepared to read If tho
committee cared to hear It.
Senator Meredith asked Mr. Powder
ly to proceed with his statement,
whereupon the ex-labor leader drew
forth a type written folio and read as
Many causes have combined to brlns
about tho depression under which the coal
trado staggers, no one of which by Itself
could have worked such paralysis to the
business ns is experienced today. It is
truo that tho dopresslon which has extend
ed over the entire country for tho lasc
four years has exerted an evil Influence
In tho conl regions. With closed factories
and workshops everywhere, closed mines
nnd Idle breakers followed as a natural
ftequence, and with the opening of thesa
Institutions the conl trado will revive to
somo extent. Whllo tho general stagna
tion dealt severely with tho coal trado, it
but served to emphasize conditions whlchi
have existed here for a number of years.
To deal Intelligently with this ques
tion, you will have to go back some thirty,
years, and, starting with the great coal
strikes, traco ono of tho romoto causes to
Its recent effect. Following these strikes
tho operators began the construction of a
number oT extra coal breakers, a number
of shafts wero sunk and openings mado
to coal deposits. With the opening of new
mines came a tldo of mine workers, and
those depending on them, which showed'
a marked Incrcaso In the population of tho
coal regions. No matter what tho Inten
tions of tho operators were, the effect was
to glvo to the coal regions about two coal
mines where ono would bo abundantly
nblo to supply tho demand. It gave to tha
coal regions a population one-half or
which could not find steady employment.
If tho men who operated tho mlno run
ning one week wero permitted to operats
tho mlno which furnished tha output tho
following week tho surplus labor would
not have remained In the conl regions, and
only thoso who found steady employment
would have remained. Hut that sUto ot
affairs does uot and has not existed hero
for many years. Even though every mlno
should run full tlmo now, tho demand for
coal Is not sufficient to keep the mines In
operation over eight months of the yea',
so I am Informed, and fully one-fourth, or
more, of tho workmen would be Idle nil
tho time. Tho Increasing of the facilities
for producing coal havo doubled, more
men than aro tequired to operato tho
mines are lying Idlo or working short
tlmo in and around tho mines all the time.
That Is ono of the primary causes of tha
troublo wo experience here.
Another cause, and ono not taken seri
ously Into account, Is tho remarkable In
crcaso In tho number of gas stoves now
being used all over the country. Anthra
cite coal has always been prized becauaa
of Its cleanliness and Its cheerful ap
pearance ns fuel for heating purposes. Its
Ubb Is being rapidly' dispensed with In tha
homes of tho nation, and since uott conl
is better adapted for manufacturing and
steam producing gcncraMy, why anthra
clto Is losing ground steadily. A gentle
man connected with the gas companies of
New York Informed mo a fow months ago
that In 1893 there were, so far as ho had
knon ledge of, (.bout threo thousand gas
stoves In uio In that city. At tho time I
had this conversation with him, he stated
as his opinion that there wero between
E.OOD and 9,000 gas stoves and ranges
lrnsod to families In New York by the gas
companies ulonr. Consider for a moment
that tho Introduction of each gas stove and
rango displaces a hard coal stove, and
.(Continued en Pasc 5.) " '

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