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The Scranton tribune. [volume] (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, January 07, 1899, Morning, Image 1

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'4' J' JlW-l' V
TWO CENTS. TWHLlH RAGES.
SCKANTON, PA., SATURDAY MOKNING, JANUARY 7, 1899.
TWELVE PAGES.
TWO CENTS.
n v
V
s
MR. CAFFERY
TALKS UP0v
DEolISM
Startling Picture of the
Evils of Military
Government.
COUNSELS OF WASHINGTON
Opposed to the Acquisition of For
eign Territory for Despotic Govern
mentNo Permanent Sway Can Bo
Held by the White Man Over the
Black Except by Cruel Military
Despotism A Speech on Anti
Imperialism Is Heard in the
House Tho Drcd Scott Decision
Bobs Up.
Washington, Jan. fi Immediately
after tlu senate compiled today the
resolution offeixd )csterdny by Mr.
lloat (Musk,), culling on the- piesldent
for liifm million at to the tnstiuctions
ot the commlsslonois nhn negotiated
fur the trcut. of Pailf, together with
all conespondenco ,ind repeats relat
ing to their ttiult, was laid before the
senate. Chalinmn Davis, one of the
commissioners, asked that It be re
ferred to the foielgn jelatlons commit
tee, hut Mi Hoar Insisted that the sen
ate had a miieli light to .such Infor
mation as the members of the foreign
i elation" committer, and that th
president should determine whether tho
senate should have it. The resolution
was adopted In secret session
In the seciet session the pioecodings
continued on the same lines as in the
open session, Mr. Hoar making a brief
speech on the subject He was not In
tel lupted, and when he had finished
the senate ugieed to the resolution call
ing foi the Instmetlons to the commis
sioners without it division. Mr. Hoar
moisted th.it other members of the sen
ate hud as much light to full Infoimn
tlon as the membeis of the committee
on foielgn lelutlons, and utged that it
Mas deiog.Uoiy to their dignity as sen
atois not to supply all tho light that
could lie given.
t 12 3." p. m. the senate re-conened
in open session.
Mr. Cnffoiv (I.a ) nddiessed the sen
ate on the Joint resolution offered by
Mi. A'ota (Mo.), declaring that under
the constitution of the United States
no power is given to ncqulre territory
to be held and governed permanently
as colonies.
Mi. Cation's speech was a constitu
tional aigument in support of the dec
laiatlons of the resolution. He de
eluied that the resolution went to the
pry root of the question of the power
of tile United States to establish per
manently governments' in territories far
distant ftom out own lands. He pro
posed, he said, to Institute an lnqulty
Into the basic principles of the powers
of (lie government.
He pointed out that the government
of the United .States was formulated by
Us founders in order that a social and
governmental fabilc of their own
might be clystollzed Into form of law.
Mr. Cnffre) said that the sword and
counsels of Washington made him the
saviour of the country. That his su
pieme wisdom and patilotlsm eminently
qualified him to establish this govern
ment. He held that Washington in his
counsels and teaching was opposed to
the acquisition of foreign tertitory for
despotic government, lie referred
then to that sentence of Jeffeison that
governments can only acquire their
Just powers from the consent of the
governed, declaring that the principle
announced In that sentence maiked
Jefferson as gieater than king, pilnce
or potentate.
STAUTLING DOCTIUNFS
"We have heaid, said he, 'some
stuitllng doctrines an to the powei of
the United States to establish govern
ments In foielgn teiritory acquired by
tho United States, announced on this
floor."
He declared that these announced
doctrines were more nt binary than any
which had ever before been heard In
the United States congtess. They con
leired upon eongiess a supreme power
a despotic power, unlimited and uu
icstrlcted. He quoted ftom the speech
of Mr. Piatt (Conn.i. to which his
address was an answer, that pai t of
the Connecticut senator's statements of
the powers of the United Staten in
which he maintained the tight to ue
qulre foreign teititoiy was Inheient
and a sovetelgn right
Here," said Ml. Caff icy. "the bald
ptopositlou Is advanced that the light
to govern Is btoad mid imperial mid
without limitation by our 'onstlttniuii "
"If the aigument advanced by the
beiiator fiom Connecticut be true and
sound, then the individual rights of
man ate to be held bj the United
States under a congicse-lonul despotism.
It dedtUously piovlden against despot
Ism, but light bete is u despotism of
the most tlugtant possible chaiaeter"
Mr. t'aft'rey s.ild he pioposl to mgue
th.it the government of the United
States was Inhibited liurn corpoiuung
the xceently nrqulted tenltot.v Into the
United States thut confess had pow
er to govern any aequlied tmilioiy
only with the ultimate purpose of
erecting It Into states, that mople of
Mich tetrltorv cannot be held despotic
ally by congress and that It would bo
unwise and dangerous to Incorporate
Into the United States as citizens peo
ple who differ widelv in theli hnblts.
iiistonis and lellglon ftom the peoplo
of this rouimy.
Mi. Cafttey then entered upon nn
elaborate argument to show that here
toroio It ban been the unwavering pol
icy of this government to obtain fiom
tin' governed tholr consent befotp tho
reins ot government were drawn over
them.
-"The history of the world shows that
Ood has SOt l l'Vilru! eehere ehr -W.
ferent people of the eaith shall abide.
Wilier?? look at the conditions of the
X(SV"am uuultoiabl) convinced that
flVvfrmnncnt swuy cun bo held by
yiiic wnue man over tne uiacic man m
the nub-tropics except by a strong mili
tary and cruel despotism."
Mr. Caff ley said that we were some
times told from the pulpit that we had
a mission to pcrfotm that mission be
ing to spread among all peoplo the doc
trines of human lights. Ho doubted
whether this could be done by placing
upon the people n yoke and whether
the principles of Christianity could be
advanced by force.
At the conclusion of Mr. Caff ley's
argument Mr. Morgan (Ala.) announc
ed on behalf of the Nicaragua canal
committee, the acceptance In a modi
fled form of tho amendments offered by
Mr. Berry before the holidays to the
pending canal bill. The amendments
were not passed upon by the senate.
V1CTOHY FOrt REFOIiMEHS.
The nutl-clvll service jefoimeis
scored n. victory In the house today.
Tho legislative, executive and Judicial
approptiiitlou bill was taken up for
consideration, and when the uppro
piiatlon for the civil service commis
sion wus leached Mr. Evans (Uep,
Ky) made a motion to stilke It out.
This motion has been made annually
for a dozen yeais or more, but has in
viniubly failed. But today the oppon
ents of the law laid great stress on the
fact that they could not got a dliect
vote upon the proposition, and vveie
tlierefoie compelled to seek Its nulli
fication In this manner. liven these
appeals failed to bring out the full
strength of the opposition though the
motion to stilke out eairled by a nar
row majority, 67-61. This was in com
mittee of the whole whole no record Is
made of the 'vote. Mr. Moody (Rep.,
Mass .) gave notice that he would de
mand a recoid vote in the house wheie
the friends of the civil service law ex
pect to levetso tho decision. Those
who advocated tho motion to strike
out were Messrs. Evans (Uep., Ky ),
Grosvcnor (Rep, O), Hepburn (Rep.,
la.). Llnney (Rep., N. C ), Brown (Rep ,
O), and Marsh (Rep, 111.) Its oppon
ents were Messrs. Moody (Rep., Mass ),
Hopkins (Uep., III.), Fleming (Dem.,
C!u.), Brosius (Rep., Pa.), Henderson
(Rep., la ), and Dolllver (Rep , la.)
Duilng general debate on the bill Mr.
Swanson (Dem., Va ,) delivered a
speech on nntl-lmperlalism.
He said that tho adminlstiatlon
which could hardly be driven Into a
war for liberty, had within a few
months become greedy for conquest.
The liberators of the Cubans weie to
become the despollers of the Filipinos.
He contended that it "is unconstitu
tional for the United Slates to under
take a colonial system and cited the
Died Scott decision In support ot his
contention.
He discussed the social, political and
economic effects of the annexation ot
the Philippines. He declared it to be
his opinion that the main support of
the Imperialistic policy came from
those who were seeking an offensive
and defensive alliance between the
United States and Great Biltaln. The
trade advantages we would obtain
from the annexation of the Philippines
would not begin to Justify us for the
expense their acquisition would entail.
Wo weie throwing away great trade
possibilities on oui northern border by
lestilctlve laws, and yet we proposed
to teach out to the ends o the eaith
for a trade which was utteily Insig
nificant. CLIMAX OF THE QUAY
CONSPIRACY CASE.
Decision Will Be Reached in Supreme
Court Room Today Affidavits to
Be Produced.
Philadelphia, Jan 6 Tho climax of
the Quay conspii.icy case bids fair to
be leached In the Supremo court loom
tomonow if the decision of the court be
against the defendants, the case will
once mote take its coutse In the court
of quaiter sessions; If the court giants
the wilt of ceitloiarl us mayed for,
the case may bo transfeired to another
county or one of the justices of the Su
pieme court Itself maj bo assigned to
sit as tilal Judge.
In any event the deilslon of the court
Is generally expected to lvicltcull) set
tle the question of the United States
scnatoilal suece'sslon.
Senator ijuuy will not be tbeie He
ai lived from Washington with his son
anil co-defendant. Richard R. Quay,
this morning and spent the day with
his lawyeis and political lieutenants at
the Stiatford. He will ulso hold foith
at the Strutfoid while his counsel are
reptesentlng him In coutt
The senior senatoi declined to dis
cuss the cuse today, and his lawyeis
weie quite aw letlcent. No one seems
to know whether the Supreme court
will hear aiguments tomorrow or not.
Counsel for both sides still expect to
be ptepated to urgue any points that
may need further elucidation. George
S Giuliani, reptesentlng the common
wealth, said that he had not been able
tj prepaie any 'miihiI or elubonite
aigument, but that ho will present
liN nnswei to the petition which has
alieady been made public, and will
atgue upon the points involved In it.
Counsel tor the defense will file a
paper book which Is said to contain
numeious allld.ivlts In suppoit of the
allegations advanced In the petition for
the writ of ueitloiail It t also ex
pected that the book will Include
sworn statements In support of the as
sertion thut the state of the public mind
precludes a fair tilal. Many clippings
from newspapers an likely to be In
troduced In the effoit of the defense
to chow the state of public mind and
the commonwealth are also understood
to have a collection of newspaper clip
pings showing that the uttetanees of
tho public press have been fair and Im
partial, excepting on the part of the
nowspapers pat tlcularly friendly to Mr.
Quav.
Dlntrlct Attorney Rotheimel will be
piesent In court with Mr Graham us
Ills assistant. Rutus L. Shapley und
A. S L. Shields will represent the
Qiiujh und ex-State Treasiuer Hay
vvoud. Died of Grip.
Dubois, Pa., Jan. C Howjul Iiensliig
cr. Into member of Company D, Six
teenth reslmcnt, ot Oil City, died sud
denb at his home In this city today. He
had been suffering from the grip and jes.
terdny wus on tho street. Pneumonia de
veloped and o&uscd his doah. Uwnslnger
wus a regimental niueiclun nud served
throughout the Porto Itlcun campuluu.
CONSUL WILLIAMS'
WORK AT MANILA
INTERESTING REPORT BY AN
BX-SORANTONIAN.
His Constant Study of the Situation.
Information of Great Importanco
to Admiral Dowey Instances of
Spanish Brutality Nativo Shot
Down Promiscuously History of
Aguinaldo's Plotting.
Washington, Jan. 6. The con respon
dent e published ofllclally In connec
tion with tho peace treaty contains
much ot Interest from Consul Williams,
who was stationed nt Manila pi lor to
'K,
consul o. r,
WILLIAMS.
the war. He was In constant commun
ication with Agulnaiuo for some time
after the battle of Manila Bay, and
his Ifttowi throw much light upon the
lelatlons with the Philippine chieftain.
As eatlv as Feb. 2 lust Mr. Williams
wiote: "Tho governor general, who Is
amiable and popular, having teslgned,
wishes credit lor pacification, und cei
taln lebel leaders weie given a cash
bribe of Jl.eriO.oOO to consent to public
deportation to China. This bilbe and
depoitatlon," he adds, "only multiplied
claimants and fanned the flies of dis
content "
On March 19 he lompluineu thut let
ters and telegiams were tampeied with
and he then found It necessary to keep
open house constantly lor the benefit
of Ameilcan r nzens theie. He dwellii
at this time much on the movement of
the natives, showing the dlsloynlty of
the native tioops to Spain and the
growth of the rebellion, and he also
relates many atrocities on the pan of
the Ppuniaids
One of these declined on Murch -3,
when a meeting of natives wis biokeu
upon by force, many being wantonly
shot to death und sixty-two taken pils
oners. The next day the slty-two
prisoners were matched in a bodj to
the rcmetety nnd shot down in a body.
Many of these, Mr. Williams added,
were not puitlilpants In the meeting.
He ulso adds that such honoi.s, though
on a smaller scale, weie of almost
dally occuri euro. He also lepoits that
several bundled native pilsoneis were
disposed of by being placed la low
dungeons In the clt wnlls, where they
were di owned by the rise of the tide,
adding. "Ciueltles too horrid for an of
ficial icport aie detailed to me eveiy
day und it seems that the ciy of out
raged humanity would soon compel
Spain to abolish middle age wuifuie."
He speaks of the influence of the
church ns the greatest bar to piogiess
In the islands. Mr. Williams also le
poitcd that eveiy lelsuie hour was de-
voted to the inspection of the fotts,
aisenals nud battleships In nnd about
Manila, even at that early day, and
that he was sending lnfoimatlon thus
deilved to Commodore Dewej, who,
with his fleet, was then at Hong Kong.
Spies weie bo thick that he did not
dare copy his despatches In otllce
books.
DUWllY'S VICTORY.
Mr. AVllllams left Manila on Apiil
23. He wus a witness of Dewiys vlc-
toiy. and on May 12 resumed his re
ports tiom Cuvlte. His tlrst despatch
of that dute begins with assurance of
"the filendllness of the Philippine na
tives to our countiy and to ine as its
lepresentatlve." "Scoies of times," ho
continues, "I have heaid hopes ex
piessed that ellhei the United States
or Croat ISiltalu would acquire theso
islunds "
"Aguinaldo told me today," he wiltes
on June 16, "that his friends ail hoped
that the Philippines would be held as a
colony of the United States," This was
only lour das attei the first formation
of a provisional government by the nu
tlvi's. Mr. Williams sa he was In
vited to be piesent when this govern
ment was organized by tho Filipinos,
but that he hod declined. Uor this
ho afteiwaids lecelved a note of ap
pioval lrmn the state department.
On Aug. 4 he wiote "It bus been my
study to keep on pleafcaut trims with
Aguinaldo for ultimate objects. Ad
mliol Dewey sas 1 ave planted the
seeds of coidial io-openuloii. My ai
gument with Aguinaldo has been that
tho conditions of government by the
United States In the Philippine Islands
would be vastly better for lilm und his
peoplo in older, advancement and profit
then coulu exist under any plan fixed
by himself and tho Filipinos. I havo
traversed the entire giound of govern
ment with him in council, and he has
culled his officials from fifteen piov
Inces to meet for their discussion, all
stated on frlendlj, but nnolIUi.U, on
my pni t "
On Sept. fi Mr. Williams cabled: "To
day delegations ftom 1.000 Vlsuyan sol
dleis. also representing southern bus
iuess intetets, came to me, pledging
loyalty to unnevition. Si'veuil Insur
gent leaders likewise. Spain cannot
contiol. If wo evacuate annuity
rules."
GUARD AT INAUGURATION.
Transportation Will Bo Furnished
for the Eloventh Regiment.
Harrlsburg, Jon. 6 Tho following
ordor was issued today from the head
quarters, of the national Guard ot
Pennsylvania:
Transportation will be furnished the
I Nineteenth, Twentieth, Seventeenth,
- i
Lwm ,w- j,p;
Twenty-Hi ?t, Seventh and Eleventh
loaimonts Infantry on Tuesday, Jan.
17, ISiK), at the Inauguration of Governor-elect
Stone.
Major Geneial Geoigo R. Snowden,
commanding division, will assume
command of nil otganlzatlons of the
Notional Giiaul of Pennsylvania par
ticipating In the inaugural ceremonies.
Troops will furnish their own sub
sistence. No allowtinco for horse hire
or individual pay will he lade.
Special form ot transportation order
applicable to this occasion only will ha
Issued by the adjutant general. Tho
maximum number per company to be
tmnsported will bo 5." ol'lcers and on
listed men. Regimental music for this
occasion must not exceed forty men
The special transportation ord s Is
sued for the occasion will not be used
for transportation of Individual olllcers
or men, but organized bodies of troops,
not less than division, brigade, or regi
mental headquarters, regimental music
or companies of Infantry No ttuns
)oi tat Ion .vlll be furnished for horses
or excesslv o baggage.
Commanding odlceis will not furnish
transportation to, or permit unv but
bona fide members of the organization
to pninde.
Brigade eommani'crs will dliect tho
movement of tho tioops of their le
spectlve bilgades.
COLONEL BRYAN
OPENS THE BALL
Makos nn Anti-Expansion Speech nt
Cincinnati Eloquence nt a Jack
son Banquot.
Cincinnati, U , Jan. C. The Uuek
worth club of Cincinnati gave lts an
nual Jackson banquet tonight. The
date was early, so as to have Colonel
W. J. Rrjnn present, ns ho iesponds
to a toast ut the Jackson banquet In
Chicago tomorrow night. Democratic
leaders tiom all ovei the Htttte held
confeiences with him dining the day.
After discussing the Chicago plat
form and emphasizing the sixteen to
one plunk. Colonel I3rjan took up the
new questions that have grown out of
the war. He ailed attention to the
piesident's tccommendatlon of a larger
at no, and Insisted that the army
should be divided into two branches,
the at my foi domestic use in the United
States, which, he bald, did not need to
be Increased, and the aimy of occupa
tion, which is tempoiarlly necessary
for use outride of the United States.
He' said that the army of occupation
should be leci ulted at once, in order
to lelieve the volunteers, but that the
term of set vice should be short, be
cause the nation's policy is not yet
settled. He suggested that the demand
for an ineiene In the army might bo
considered as tne flist fruit of that 'vic
tory to which the Itepubllcanq pointed
with so much pride lust November.
Turning to the question of annexa
tion, he Insisted that t nation has
not jet decided what to do with the
Philippine islands. He said:
The fore Ibid .mm Nation ot the Philip
pine Islands would violate a principle of
Ameilcan public law so deeph imbedded
111 tne Ameilcan mind that until u :.cu
aso no public man would hive siiiftested
it Ii is dllllcult to overestimate tho In
fluence) which such a cli mge In our na
tional policy would puduce on tho chu
ucler ol our people. Our oppoue Ills ni-K Is
our nation not gieat euoucli to do what
Rnglund, Uoiniauv and Holland are do
ing' They inquire eau we not govern col
onlis as well as thev'' Whether we can
gov out ci Icnles us well as othei countries
Is not ir.itcrlal the real question ts
whether v.o can. In one hemlsphe;re, cl"
vi'lop the thcoiv of the governed, and at
tho same time Inaugurate support and
defend In the othei hemisphere, a gov
ernmint which derives its ,iutliorlt in
tlrely fiom superloi toue.
AnnoMtlon cancut b- defenUd upon
tho giound that we sh ill find a pec.tinl.uy
proilt in tho policj 'the utlv intage which
may cor-t to a few individuals who hold
the otllco or who secure valuable fian
chlsos cannot properly be weighed
against tho 11101105 expended in govern
ing the Philippines because the money ex
pended will bo paid by those who pay tho
taxes Wo aie not et In position to elc
termino whether tho people of the United
States after a while will bring back from
the Philippines us much nb thev send
there There Is an old saying that It Is
not profitable to buy n lawsuit. Our na
tion mai leain by experience that it is
not wHo to purchaso the right to con
quer people.
Spain under compulsion gives us a quit
claim to the Philippines In return for -'-Oonooo
but sho does not tigrco to warrant
and defend our title us ugalnst the Phil
ippines To buv land is ono tiling, to buy
people Is another Land Is Inanimate and
makes no resistance to a tiansfcr of title;
the people an animate nnd sometimes
desire a voice in their own nfUiirs. Tho
Republican partv will enter upon 1 hard
task cvlie-ii It stalls out to select suit
able military gov 1 mors for our remote
possessions Rven if the party bus al so
lute conlldeneo in Its groat political man
ager. Senator Ilanna it must be remem
that the people of Ohio hive compelled
him to serve them In the United States
senate and that infeilor men must bo
entrusted with the distribution of justice
und benovoK'iiro among tho nations of
d.iik-skiiiuecl subjects In the Pacific.
if wo enter upon a colonlol pollcv wo
must expect to heal the command "si
lence" Issuing with Inci easing emphasis
1 1 0 111 the Imperialist When the discus
sion, of fundamental pilr.ilples is at
tempted in Iho United States if a mem
ber of congress attempts t6 ciltlclse any
Injustice perpetruted bv n government
otllt lal ugulnst a lulpless people he will
be warned to keip silent unless his criti
cism encour.ijres tesistnnee 10 American
authority in tho Orient If an orator on
tho Fourth of July dares to speuk of in
ullcnablo rights or lefers with commen
dation to tho mamiur In which our foie
fatheis resisted taxutlon without rep
lesentatlon. ho will be warned to keep
silent lest his uttii.incrs excite rebellion
among tho distant subjects, if we adant
11 colonial pollcv and piusue tho course
which excited tho revolution of 177'! we
must mufllo tho tones of tho old I.Ibeity
bell and oommuim in whispers vvliin wo
pialso tho patriotism of our foicfathtrs.
Giip Stops Railway Traffic.
Dubois, Pa, Jan. ii Tlie grip today
caused tho ltuffalo, Itoe heeler ami Flus
hing rallwu) lo pattl) tie up Us tiatlle.
(if the tlilrt)-flvo crovfrs who huve head
quaiteis heio the railroad physician mj
nt least 23 per cent, uro down with iho
Kilp and nearly fifty men In the car shops
1110 similarly ullllcted. One phjsican
sujh ho uttends an average of sixty grip
patients dully In this cltv.
Steamship Arrivals,
Now York, Jan, 0. Cleared: La Gns-
cogno, Havre: Auranlu, Ltveipool: Muas.
dam. Hotterdain. Balled: Holteiclani,
Itotterdam. Queenstoivti Arrived: Ftru-
rla. Nnw Yoils for Uvea pool tand pro-
cccdcdj, .
CABINET CONSIDERS
AFFAIRS IN CUBA
A MISUNDERSTANDING OF CON
DITIONS AT SANTIAGO.
Upon tho Arrival of Gonernl Wood
an Effort Will Be Made to Arrango
n Fair Distribution of Funds Col
lected at Custom Housos Monoy
Must Coino Through a Central
Head.
Washington, Jan. C The cabinet at
its meeting today gavo special consid
eration to the administration of affairs
in Cuba. There seems to be a misun
derstanding among some of the people
of Santiago as to the policy of the gov
ernment with respect to the expendi
ture of monoy collected from Internal
le venue nnd customs sotnees. It Is not
believed that General Wood, who Is In
command at Santiago misundeistnnds
the purpose of the government, but in
tiny event nothing will be done In tho
matter until Oeneial Wood nrilves
heii'. Then nn effoit will be made to
in rive at some general plrl for tho
handling of the receipts of the Island.
It seems certain, hovvuvcr, that all
moneys disbursed must como through
a central head and that under no cir
cumstances can any paitlcular city or
section be allowed to expend all of Its
collections to the neglect of other sec
tions. General Wood, however, will re
ceive a proper and probably n sufficient
nllowanre for Santiago province, but
full consideration Is certain to be giv
en to sections which collect nothing or
little fiom customs. It Is very likely
that soon nftcr General Wood's return
to Santiago the governor's of the sev
eral provinces will be Instructed to as
semble for a discussion of tho ques
tion of their respective needs for nd
mlnlstiative purpoesi und also for
pressing Internal Improvements. Thus,
It is expected a fair and equitable dis
tribution of tho funds collected on the
Island will be seemed
Nothing of speclnl Interest had been
received by the government fiom Ilollo.
Although mucli Intel ested In the pio
gress of events, theto the administra
tion has full confidence In Its repre
sentatives on the giound and no fur
ther action will be taken until some
thing further Is learned as to the situ
ation. As soon as the treaty Is lntlfird
by the senate the president, It is ex
pected, will make any changes that
mav have ben found to be necessary
in matteis of adminlstiatlon to the end
that his Instructions to General Otis
and bv him luoclalmed to the people
may be fully rallied out In letter and
spirit.
COLONEL GILKESON
SUBMITS REPORT
Commissioner of Banking Explains
the Failuio of Chestnut Street
Trust Company.
Hiinlshurg. Jan. C The annual re
poit of the clepatttneut of bank
ing foi the lineal eur ended No
vember '10 lust was made public to
day. The repot t was transmitted to
Governor Hustings by Colonel B. F.
Gllkeson, before he leslgned as commie
sinner of banking'. Colonel Gllkeson
goes into a long explanation of the
causes which led to the fulluie of the
People's bunk and Chestnut Stieet
Trust and Saving company, of Phila
delphia. What ho saH of these Is al
most slmllnr to a statement Issued by
the depaitment nt the time ot the fail
ure. He claims too much of the cap
ital of the tiust company was loaned
to its piesldent, the lute William Sln
geily, und the depnitment was power
lews to take action to pi event this.
Ai to the falluie of the People's bank.
Colonel Gllkeson says It was bt ought
about by dlieet examination of the
banking department nnd that pi lor ex
aminations showed its solvency. Im
mediately on receipt of the last report
on the condition 01 the bank he wioto
to Its prceident, calling his attention
to the matteis disclosed and demanding
an immediate examination. The day
the letter was leeolved by the piesl
dent the cashier committed suicide, the
bank closed nnd a temporary receiver
was appointed. Colonel Gllkeson
mukes a number of fcuggestlons to Im
prove the svstem of conducting tho
banks, building and loan associations
and other corporations doing business
the state under the tmpeilvision of
tho depaitment. The most impoitant
of these were rmboultd in Governor
Hastings' last biennial message to the
legislatuie.
Colonel Gllkeson says that during last
year he had IS" banks, etc , under his
impel vision, with a total capital of $15,
990.SS.", a decrease of about $700,000
ftom the former year. Thoe Insti
tutions have Inci eased their surplus
$107,159; decieaseet the undivided pro
fits, $1,919,54": Increased tho deposits
5JC.4Sti.-171. and have cash on hand
amounting to $49..r3'i,9S0. an inci ease of
about $3,000,000. They have loans
amounting to $123,170,914, an Increase or
$2,000,000. Thelt Investment securities
amount to $10S,S2 1,599, and tho number
of deposit accounts are D99.0GC. The
aveiage deposit of each depositor is
$4UU0.
THE ICE GOES OUT.
Old Susquehanna All Bioken
Up.
Blocked ut Nanficoke.
Wllkes-Uniie, Jan C The li In the
Susquehanna river broke up and pris
ed out at an early hour this morning.
A shoit distance- above the Nantlcoko
dam the lee becumo blocked, causing
the water to back up and overflow tho
west bank of the river, submerging all
tlio lowlands between Port Gtlfhth and
Plymouth.
ll the stleums, llowlng into the Sits
quehuniia are guitly swollen fiom the
melted snow, and unless cold weather
sets In again a seiloim Hood may ie
suit. Powder House Burned,
Wilmington, Del., Jan. (!. A smokeless
powder elry houso at the plant of 11. I.
riupout do Nemouia Ac Co., at Carnev's
Point, N. J., wns burned this morning to.
gother with tho contents. It wus
learned at the main olllros of the firm
In this city that nobody was hint ana
there was nu explosion, Tho los was
j; under $.',000.
TUB NEWS THIS MORNING
Weather Indication! Tcnlayi
fair; Colder.
I Clcnciul Senator Caffrcy's Views oin
lltpanslnn.
Filipinos Unwilling to Surrender r
Independence to Strangers.
Report of Consul Williams' Work at
Manila.
Cuban Affairs Considered.
S General Financial nnd Commercial.
3 Local Religious News of the Week.
Whittle) 's Weekly New.i HuilBeU
4 Udltorlal.
Gossip at the State CaoltoU
Cuban Markets.
5 Local Social and Personal.
Her Point of View.
Musical Question Uox.
6 Local Forger Fames Opeiatcd In
Rlnghamtnn.
Grand Jur)'s First Return.
J. W. Urow nine's Fntertalnlng Letter.
7 Local Annual Meeting of tho Toor
Hoard Adjourned.
Superior Court Meets on Monday.
S Local West Scrnnton nnd Suburban.
9 News Round About Scranton.
30 Story "Polly."
II Sunday School Lesson for Tomorrow.
Superiority ot American Machinery.
12 General News of the Soldiers at Camp
MncKenzle.
Condition of tho Coal Trade.
Tho News of Plttston.
DUN'S REVIEW OF TRADE.
Tho Year Begins with Business De
mand That Counts Advance in
Prices of lion.
New Yoik, Jan. C R. G. Dun &
Co.'s weekly review of trade will say
tomorrow .
The year begins with the kind of
business demand that counts. For
months there has been a rising demand
for materials but now the ciowding
demand for finished pioducts begins to
advance prices, in the iron and steel
industry about 1 per cent, without
quotable changes In pig except at tho
east. Beams have advanced $i per ton,
angles $1, bars $1, and plates are
strong with an Australian order for
3.2.000 tons refused nt Chicago because
the woiks aie already overcrowded.
Many thousand cars are covered by or
dcis at Pittsbuig, 10,000 tons bars are
taken for agrlcultuial works at Chi
cago, 0,000 tons rails me taken by
the Pennsylvania company, the Mid
land Kallwav company of Hnglund has
ordered 20 locomotives from the Bald
win works anil many other home and
foreign ordeis are reported. The de
mand has never been greater r.t the
beginning of the year than It is now.
The woolen manufacture has a simi
lar embarrassment. While 100 quota
tions of wool by Contes Bros., of Phil
adelphia, average 18.0, cents against
20.71 a year ago. the mirket Is gradu
ally yielding because people appreciate
the magnitude of stocks on hand, which
the Boston commeiclal bulletin repot ts
at 291,000,000 pounds, an lnctease In Its
account of 114,000,000 pounds for the
year Obviously this means a gieat
movement ftom the farms to millers,
stocks and eistem markets, but prices.
aie not yet low enough to encourage
1,11 ge buying or consumption by the
manufacturers. The only heavy weight
goods yet opened aie at reduced prices,
as had been expected and Is still mi
ce! tain how far the trade for the com
ing eason may prove satlsfactmy.
Cotton goods are In fair demand, with
cotton at 3S." cents end while no body
can guarantee that the price will not
go lower, It Is believed by competent
observers that the market for good- Is
so far lelleved of accumulated surplus
that pi Ices are not likely to decline
materially, even if cotton falls.
The movement ot cotton thus far In
dicates a crop of over 300,000 bales Uig
er than that of last eur In suite of
all natuial disposition and concerted
efforts to hold it back. As ptodueers
are not this ear In unusual need, a
movement to heavy hlndeis uii advance
In pilce, although takings of spinners
havo been as large In 1S9S as In any
other year, and exports larger than
before.
The wheat movement has to sustain
It, the laigest foreign demand for
wheat and com and Atlantic expoitn
of 5,211,420 bushels, Hour Included,
ngalnst 2.S40.11S last year, with Pacific
exports of Gll.S.I.! ugulnst !72,-I4iJ lust
year, would give sumo tenson to an
ticipate higher ptlces weie not tho
western ucelptn, 4.101,53. bushels
against 2.S7CU72 tor the same week
last year. The wondet Is that the for
eign demand for com continues so
heavy, 3,302,112 bushels hnvlng been ex
ported In the week, against 2,934,890
in the same week last eui.
The country in on the up guide and
tho men who expect It to take a down
waid loail have yet some time to wait.
Theie aie no Indications of the 10
attlon which alw.tyH lollows a luigo
and Lipid business loeovety nnd ex
isting conditions In the industries and
foreign tiude by no means foi bid the
hope that the increase may continue,
as It did after the jevlval In 1S79 for 11
number of yeais, Exports, computed
with imports, continue to Indicate mi
cnoimous balance In cash due this
countr) and gold impoits bpglu again
Failures for the week have been 243
In the United States against 3jf last
enr and 21 In Canada ugalnet 3 J last
year.
DESTROYED BY DYNAMITE.
Frame House nt Ashland Is Demol
ishedA Dastaidly Crime.
Ashland, Pa . Jan. C A double fi line
building at 1 lownsville owned b.v Sol
omon Hawk, was totally destroyed by
dynamite this altemoon. IMw.ud Fb
erman and Huny Mojer und tlpir fam
ilies who lived then, weie t-utlnr their
dinner In the kite hen which adjoins
the building, ami thus aped Injuty.
The Urownsvlllo school building stands
but f0 feet away and all tho windows
weie- shatteied causing a panic among
the hlldren
Thomas MiAndiews aged 14. itni
Howard Wetlcifelt. afced 12 euts
weie stiuck by (lying debits and badly
In Jul ed. Theie Is no clue to the affair.
Mi-. Dlngloy Very 111.
Washington, Jan, C. Hopt e-sentutlrti
Dlngley Is very low tonight, ulurmlug
I sj inptoms havlug developed.
FILIPINOS ARE
DETERMINED
Will Not Surrender the
Liberty for Which
They Fought,
THE PROBLEM IS GRAVB
Native Papers Intimato That Amer
leans Must Abandon Annoxatiori
Policy or Prepare for a Long,
Bloody "War Hopes for a Pcacoful
Solution of tho Trouble Spanish
Papers Do Not Comment on tho
Situntion California Regiment
Still on Transports.
Manila, Jan. C A dispatch to the In
dependencla fiom Malolos, tho scat o
the so-called Filipino government, saya
the governors of all tho provinces of
Luzon havo assembled at Malolos for
the purpose of offering their lives and
property in adhesion to tho policy of
tho piesldent and government. Con
tlnulng, the dispatch says:
"They say they fought only for tho
Independence of tho Filipinos and uro
now unwilling to surrender to Strang
eis."
Commenting upon Preslilent McKin
ley's pioclamatlon to the Filipinos, Is
sued on Wednesday by Major General
Otis, the Independencla, which is a na
tive paper, sa)s the problem presented
Is most grave. It admits that thcro
are only two solutions possible, name
ly, the American abandonment of their
annexation policy, claiming that tho
people here are not deslious of absorp
tion Into their nationality, or a pro
longed and bloody war. It then cites
the example of tho "noble patriots of
Ilollo defying General Miller," ox
pieseses hope for a pacific termination
of the crisis, but giving hints of
trouble.
The ofllclal organ, the Kopubllca, la
less uggiesslve but indisposed to ac
eept the suggestions of Geneial Otis
la their entliety. The Spanish paper
aie evidently alt aid to comment on tho
situation.
FILIPINOS PHACnFUU.
Hong Kong, Jan. C Tho newspapers
here publish the following dispatch
from Hollo, evidently from a Filipino
scnirce-
"When tho Amoi leans nt rived at Ho
llo they found absolutely no looting up
on the pait of the Filipino forces, or
conduct of any kind unworthy ot clv
ili.ed people. In conformity with their
agreement with the Spaniards tho Fil
ipinos entered Ilollo in nn orderly man
ner and formally hoisted tho Filipino
ling. The Amei leans found u good
government established nnd meeting
with the complete npproval of tho for
eign residents. The postolllci customs
and other departments weie working
smoothlv under tho entire control of
the Filipinos. This disposes of the al
legations of the Inclination of tho Fil
ipinos to loot and kill. Tho Filipinos
occupied ilollo on the same human)
principles which havo guided their ac
tions against their Spanish oppies
sors." The coi respondent adds that tho re
ports ot an opposition republic having
been established aio refuted by tho
facts that tho governor and general
commanding at Ilollo have assuted tho
American delegates from the warships
that they could scttlo nothing without
01 dors fiom the national government
at Malolos,
BICYCLE RACE.
Annual International Twenty-Four-Hour
Affair Begins at Madison
Square.
New Yotk. Jan. C The fltst annual
International 24-hour blc)cio race, un
paeed, was begun at tho Madlaou
Squure gulden track tonight. The raco
promises to be one of the most exciting
events in the hlstoiy of cycling und a
bioken iccoiil Is looked for.
Burns W. Pieic - of Boston, one of
the contestant, hold the lecoid of 457
miles, i"i5 yuids, having ridden that
dlstnnce In the first twenty-four bonis
of the leeetit six elns' contest, which
was won by Ch.ules W. Mtllei. or Chi
cago. Following Is the list of the Htnrteis:
Fredetlck, ot Swltr.eilund: Toddy Hale,
of Inland; James W. Nuwn, Now
Yotk. Hums W. lieice, Boston; Frank
Albeit, New Yolk: Flunk W. Aller,
New Yoik; chillies W. Miller, Chica
go; Louis iilmm, Pittsbuig, Fail D.
Stevens, Butllaln; John Lawrion, Chica
go; Osi ur AiiiuiiBou, New York; Os
car Julius Xew Yotk: C W. Ashlnger;
Flyila. u . 1 Mil)' i-iiuiiigtnn. Now
Yoik W. II I lleks. New Yoik: Chailes
Tin lib. Philadelphia. J. W. Chap
man, Atlanta, Gu . Tom Harnnby, lios
ton. Score see oiid hour Albeit, Miller,
1'b'i Ulnmi. l.awson, Anronson,
Navvil, Stevens, Julius, Fredoilck,
Hicks. Hainaby. Tutvllle and Hiup
man. 45 miles. sK laps each: AVnller,
4 miles. 5 lnps. Hole. 4 miles, 4 hips;
Ashlnger, 41 mile1". 1 lap: Pllkhigton,
hud ridden 3" miles, 2 laps when ho
letlied. Albeit led nt tho 50th mile,
time 2 pours 1 1 minutes.
At the end of the ihlul hour the scoio
was: Nuwn. Miller. Pierce, Albeit,
Gltiitn, Law Mm. Aiiioiison, Slovens, Ju
llllS. Fiedeibk Tilivllle. Cliupmuil,
IUcks and Iiuiimb). fi miles, 7 inpsj
each: Wall'-r, C'l mile-, fi laps; Hale,
If! miles, 5 lups, Ashlnger, C3 mllOH,
f t - 4- -H- f -f -M-1 -r-M-M-r
4-
4- WEATHER FORECAST.
V
asliliiRton, Jsn. 0 Forecast for -f
f Sutiudi) Fur eastern Punnsjlvn-
f nla, fair, colder; brick to high -
iiorthesteily winds.
, tt.t.tt.t.tt.tttt mfct.tt.t
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