Newspaper Page Text
HDcyotjcft to ipolitus, literature, grimlhtix, Science, iilornlitn, cmh cncral intelligence.
VOL. 13. STROUDSBURG, MONROE COUNTY, PA. JULY 23, 1853. NO. 10. Published by Tlittodorc Schoclt. TKRMS Two dollars per annnum in advance Two dollar and a quarter, half yearly and If not paid be lore the end of the year, Tw o dollars and a half. Those Mho receive their papers by a rarricr ors-tagc dnvcis rtnpioyco or me proprietor, win oc ciiaici.il Si cents, per year, cxtm. No papers dilcontiimcd until all arrcaragesarc paid, except at the option of the Editor. IE? Adciti.emonts not exceeding one square (six icon lines) will be insetied three weeks for one dollar, and twenty-live cents for every subsequent insertion The Charge for one and three insertions the same A liberal discount made to yearly advertisers. IC All letters addi cssed to the Editor must be post paid. JOB PRINTING. Having a general assortment of large, elegant, plain and ornamental Type, we are prepared to cxccutccvcry desenptionof Cards, Circulirs, Hill Heads, Nates, Rlank Receipts Justices, Legal and other Rlnnks, Pamphlets, Ac. printed with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terms, AT THE OFFICE OF THE JLFFEKSONJAN. Snaro my Heart from Growing Old. Old Time, I ask a boon of thco Thou'tst stripped my hearth of many a friend, Ta'cn half my joys and all my glee Bo just for once to make amend; And, ainco thy hand must leave its trace, Turn locks to grey, turn blood to cold Do what thou wilt with form and face, But spare my heart from growing old. I know thou'st taken from many a mind Its dearest wealth, its choicest store, And only lingering left behind O'er wise experience bitter lore, 'Tin sad to mark the mind's decay, Feel wit grow dim and memory old Take thcac, old time, take all away, But eparo my heart from growing old. Give mc to live with friendship still, And hope and love till life be o'er Let be the first the final chill That bids the bosom bound no more, That eo when I am passed away. And in my grave lie slumbering cold, With fond remcmbcrancc friends may say His heart, hia heart grew never old A Teetotal Dog. A few days since, says the Cambridge Chronicle, a gentleman in this city, a strong temperance man, and the owner of a good dog, pu.rob.ased a load of wood and employed two Irishmen to saw it. Hav ing a decided love for strong drink, they found that their frequent journeys to the place from whenco the liquor was obtain ed, consumed so much time, that they de cided to procuro a bottle and get it filled. Having done so, they took it into the yard whero they were at work, putting it in a convenient place for future use. Bosc, who had keptan eye on their movements, was not to be deceived by the string which was tied over the cork, and ho resolved to take thelaw into his own hands, having no faith in the use of moral suasion in this case, and placing himself near it, in tho most decided manner he forbade their touching the bottle again ; nor would he allow the men to leave the yard till his master re turned at night. The men reported him as .being a dangerous baste. An exchange wisely remarks "that no dust affects tho eyes comuch us gold dust." We might also add, that no glasses affect the cyeB more unfavorably than glasses of brandy. Ladies at Elections. The ladies of Grand Bapids, Michigan, attended the polls on the 20th, to urge their husbands and brothers to vote for the Maine law. They were of course successful. In Le oni the ladies also came out, and the town gave-206 majority for the law. Three Cities in One. By an act of the Legislature of New York, Williamsburg, Brooklyn, and Bushwick aro to bo gov erned by a single corporation. Methodist Tabernacle in Ncio Orleans. A correspondent of tho Christian Ad vocate, writing from the south, mentions a plan entertained by Harry Hill, a well known wealthy cotton merchant, and a liberal-hearted Methodist, for building a Methodist Tabernacle in that city, in an eligible position, at a cost of $150,000.--Itis to be capable of seating 3,00.0 persons. A Good Story. John Bunyan, while in Bedford jail, was called upon by a Qua ker, desirous of making a convert of him. "Friend John, I have come to thee with a message from the Lord, and after hav ing searched for you in all the prisons in England, I am glad I have found you at last." " If the Lord had sent you," returned Bunyan, "you need not have taken so much pains to find mc out, for tho Lord knows I have been here twelve years." Tho Albany Knickerbocker lately re ceived a letter inquiring among other things, whether pig iron was petrified pork, and if it was, which was the best way to cook it to make it juioy. The "list of persons bribod" at the last election in Liverpool, embraces one hun dred and thirteen names. England seems to need a second reform bill. THE SECRET CLOSET; or, let well enough alone. A little more than fifty years ago, a man by tho name of Henry Thompson called at the houso of John Smith, a res ident in a retired part of England, and requested a night's lodging. This request was readily granted, and the stranger, having taken somo refreshments, retired early to bed, requesting that ho might be awakened betimes the following morn ing. When the servant appointed to call him entered the room for that purpose, ho was found in his bed perfectly dcad. On examining his body no marks of vio lence appeared, but his countenanco looked extremely natural. The story of his death soon spread among Ihd neigh bors, and inquiries were mado as to who he was, and by what means he came to his death. Nothing certain, however, was known. He had arrived on horseback, and was seen passing through a neighboring vil lage, about an hour beforo he reached the houso where he came to hia end. And then, as to tho matter of his death, so little could be discovered that tho jury which was summoned to investigate the causo, returned a verdict that ho died 'by a visitation of God.' When this was done tho stranger was buried. Days and weeks passed, and little further was known. The publio mind, bowovcr, was not at rest. Suspicion ex isted that foul means had hastened the stranger's death. Whispers to that effect were expressed, and in the minda of many, Smith was considered as the guil ty man. Tho former character of Smith had not been good. He had lived a loose and irregular life, involved himself in debt by his extravagance, and at length being suspected of haying obtained money wrongfully, he suddenly fled from the town. More than ten years, howev er, had now elapsed since hia return, during whioh ho had lived at his present residence, apparently in good circumstan ces, and with an improved character. His former life, however, was now re membered, and suspicion ufter all, fas tened upon him. At the expiration of two months, a gentleman one day stopped in the place for the purpose of making inquiry re specting the stranger who had been found dead in his bed. Ho supposed himself to be a brother of the man. The horse and clothes of the unfortunate man still remained, and were immediately known as having belonged to his brother. The body itself was also taken up, and though considerably changed, bore a strong re semblance to him. He now felt authori zed to ascertain, if possible, the manner of his death. He proceeded, therefore, to investigate the circumstances as well as he was able. At length he made known to the magistrate of the district, the information he had collected, and up on the strength of this, Smith was taken to jail to be tried for the wilful murder of Henry Thompson. The celebrated Lord Mansfield was then on the bench. He charged the jury to be cautious as to finding a bill against the prisoner. Tho evidence of his guilt, f guilty, might be small. At a future time it might bo greater; more informa tion might be obtained. Should the jury now find a bill against him, and should ho bo acquitted he could not bo molested again, whatever testimony should rise up against him. The grand jury, however, did find a bill, but it was by a majority of only one. At length the time of trial arrived. Smith was brought into court and placed at the bar. A great crowd thronged the room, eager and anxious to sec the prisoner, and to hear tho trial. Ho himself appeared firm and collected. Nothing in his appearance or manner indicated guilt; and when the question was put to him by the clerk, 'aro you guilty or not guilty?' he answered with an unfaltering tongue, and with a coun tenance perfectly unchanged, 'not guilty.' The counsel for the prosecutin now o pencd the case. And it was apparent he had little expectation of being able to find the prisoner guilty, nc stated to tho jury that the case was involved in great mystery. Tho prisoner was a man of respectability and property. Tho deceased was supposed to have had a bout him gold and jewels to a large amount; but the prisoner was not so much in want of funds as to be under a strong temptation to commit murder. And be sides, if the prisoner had obtained the property, he had effectually concealed it. Not a trace of it could be found. Why thon was the prisoner suspected ? He would state the grounds of suspicion. The deceased, Henry Thompson, was a jeweller, residing in London and a man of wealth. He had left London for tho purpose of meeting a trader at null, of whom he expected to make a large pur chase. The trader he did meet; and af ter the departure of the latter, Mr. Thompson was known to have in his pos session gold and jewels to a large amount. With these in hia possession, he left Hull on his return to London. It was not known that he stopped until he reached Smith's, and the next morning he was discovered dead in his bod. He died, then, in Smith's house, and if it could be shown that he came to his death in an unnatural way, it would increase the suspicion that the prisoner was in some way connected with tho murder. Now then, continued the counsel, it will be proved beyond the possibility of a ' doubt, that the deceased died by poison But what was tho poison! It was a re cent discovery of some German chemists said to be produced by distilling tho seed of the wild cherry tree. It was a poison more powerful than anv other known, and deprived one of life so im mediately as to leavo no marks of suffer ing, and no contortions to tho features. But then tho question was, by whom was it administered? One circumstance, a small one indeed, and yet upon it might hang a horrid tale, was that the stopper of a small bottle of very singular description had been found in tho pns oner's house. Tho stopper had been ex amined, and said by medical men to have belonged to a (Jcrman phial, con taining the kind of poison which he had described. But thon was that poison ad ministered by Smith, or at his instigation? Who were the prisoner s family? It con sistcd only of himself, a housckecpcr,and one man servant. Tho man servant slept in an out houso adjoining tho stable, and did so on tho niebt of Tohmpson's death The prisoner slept at one end of the house, tho housekeeper at tho othor, and tho de ceased had been put in a room adjoining the housekeeper s. It would be proved that about thrco hours after midnicht, on tho night of Thompson's death, a light had been seen moving about tho house, and that a figure holding tho light was seen to go from the room in which the prisoner slept, to the housekeeper's room; the light now dis appeared for a minute, when two persons were seen, but whether they went into Thompson's room, the witness could not swear; but shortly after they wcro ob served passing quito through the entry to Smith's room, into which they entered, and in about five minutes the light was extinguished. The witness would further state, that after tho person had returned with the light into Smith's room, and before it was extinguished, he had twice perceived somo dark obiect to intervene between the light and the widow, almost as large as the surfaco of a window itself, and which he described by saying it appeared as if a door had been placed beforo the licht. Now in Smith's room, thoro was noth ing which could account for this appear ance; his bed was in a different part; and there was neither cupboard nor press in the room, which, but for the bed, wa3 en tirely empty, the room in which he dres sed being at a distanco beyond it. The counsel for the prosecution here concluded what he had to say. During his address, Smith appeared in no wiso to be agitated or disturbed, and equally unmoved was ho while the witness testified in substance what the opening speech of the coun3ol led the court and jury to expect. Lord Mansfield now addressed tho jury, no told them that in his opinion the ev idence was not sufficient to condemn the prisoner, and that if the jury agreed with him in opinion, the court would discharge him. Without leaving their seats, the Vila. 1 jury agreed tnat tuc eviucnco was not sufficient: At this moment, when they were about to render a verdict of acquittal, the pris oner arose and addressed the court. Ho said he had been accused of a foul crime, and the jury had said that the evidence was not sufficient to convict him. Did the jury mean that there was any evidence against him? Was he to go out of the court with suspicion resting upon him. after all? This he was unwilling to do. Ho was an innocent man, and, if the judge would grant him the opportunity, he would prove it. lie would oall his housekeeper, who would confirm a state ment which ho would now make. The housekeeper had not appeared in court. She had concealed herself, or had been conoealed by Smith. This was con sidered a dark sign against him. But himself now offered to bring her forward, and stated as the reason, not that ho was unwilling that she should testify, but knowing the excitement, ho was fearful that she might be bribed to give testimo ny contrary to fact. But ho was now ready to relate all the circumstances he know; she might then be called, and be oxamined. If her tes timony docs not confirm my story, let me be condemned. The request of tho prisoner seemed re asonable, and Lord Mansfield, contrary to his usual practice, granted it. Tho prisoner went on with his state ment. He said he wished to co out of the court relieved from the suspicions which were resting upon him. As to tho poison, by means of which the stranger was said to have died, ho knew neither the name of it nor the effect of it, nor even the existence of it, until made known by the counsel. He called God to Witness the truth of what he said. And then, as to Mr. Thompson, he was a perfect stranger to him. How should he know what articles of valuo ho had with him? He did not know. If ho had such artilcs at Hull he might havo lost them on the road, or, which was more probable, have otherwise them. And if ho died by disposed of i 1 means oi tuo fatal drug, he must have administered it himself. He begged the jury to remember that his premises had been repeatedly aud minutely searched and not the most tri fling article that belonged to the deceased had been discovered in his possession. lhe stopper of a phial had been fouud but of this he could only say he had no knowledge, and had never seen it beforo it was produced in court. One fact had been proven, and only one. That he would explain, and hia housekeeper would confirm his statement. A witnc3ss testified that some one had gone to tho bed room of the housekeeper on the night in question. He was ready to admit that it was he himself. He had been subject for many years of his life to sudden fits of illness; he had been seized with one on that occasion, and had gone to her to procure her assistance in light ing a nrc. buc had returned with him to his room for that purposo, he having waited for a minute in the passage, while she put on her clothes. This would ac count for the momentary disappearance of the light. After remaining a few min utes in his room, finding himself better, ho had dismissed her and retired to bed, rhcu in formed of tho death of his guest. ouch was tho prisoner s address, which produced a powerful effect. It was dc- ivercd in a very firm and impressive one, and from tho simple and artless manner of the man, perhaps not one pres ent doubted his entire innocence. The housekeeper was now introduced and ex amined by counsel for tho prisoner. She had not heard any part of the statement of Smith, nor a singlo word of the trial. I o this succeeded her cross cxamina ion by the counsel for the prosecution. One circumstance made a deep impression on his mind this was, that whilo tho prisoner and the housekeeper were in tho room of the former, something like a door had obstrutcd the light of the can dle, so that tho witness testified to tho act, but could not sec it What was the obstruction? Thoro was no door noth ing in the room which could account lor Yet the witness is positivo that something like a door did, for a moment come between tho window and the candle. This needed explanation. The house- ceepcr was the only person that could give it. Designing to probe this matter in tho end to the bottom, but not wishing o excite her alarm, he began by asking her a few unimportant questions; and a mong others where the candle stood while she was in Smith's room? 'In the centre of the room,' she replied. 'Well, and was the closet or cupboard, of whatever you call it, opend once or wico while it stood there? She mado no reply. 'I will help your recollection,' said tho counsel. 'After Mr. Smith had taken the mcdi- cine out or tuc cioset, aid nc snuc tno door, or did it remain open?' 'He shut it.' 'And when he replaced tho bottle in he closet, he opened it again, did he?' 'Ho did.' 'And how long was it open the last time?' 'Not above a minute.' 'Well, and when open, would the door be exactly between tho light and tho window?' 'It would.' 'I forget.' said tho counsel, 'whether you said the closet was on tho right hand or the left hand side of tho window?" 'On the left hand side.' 'Would the door of the closot make any Ol noise in opening.' 'None.' 'Arc yon certain?' 'I am.' 'Have you ever opened ifc yourself, or only seen Mr. Smith open it?' 'I never opened it myself.' 'Did you never keep the key?' 'Never.' 'Who did?' 'Mr. Smith always.' At this moment the housekeeper clian ccd to cast her eyes towards Smith, tho prisoner. A cold, damp sweat stood up on his brow, and his faco had lost all its color; he appeared a living image of death. She no sooner saw him than she shrieked and fainted. Tho consequences of her answers flashed across her mind. Sho had been so thoroughly deceived by the manner of the advocate, aud by the little importance he secmod to attach to her statements, that she had been led by ono question to another, till she had told him all he wanted to know. She was obliged to be taken from the court, and a physician who was present was requested to attend to her At this timo the solicitor for the prosecution left the court, but no one knew for what pur poso. Presently the physician came into court and stated that it would be impos sible for the housekeeper to resume her scat in the box short of an hour or two. It was about twelve in the day. Lord Mansfield having directed that the jury should bo accommodated with a room where they could be kept by themselves, adjourned tho court two hours. Tho prisoner in tho meantime was remanded to jail. It was between four and five o'clock when the judgo resumed his seat upou tho bench. The prisoner was again placed at the bar and tho housekeeper brought in and led to the box. Tho court I 1 11 . 1 room was crowuea 10 excess, anu an aw ful silence pervaded the place. The cross-examining counseT again "ad dressed the housekeeper. 'I havo but a few more questions to ask you,' said he; 'take heed how you an swer, for your own life hangs upon a thread. Do you know this stopppr?' 'To whom does it belong?' 'To Mr. Smith.' 'When did you last sco it?' 'On the night of Mr. Thompsdn's death.' At this moment the solicitor entered the court, bringing with him, on a trayj a watch, two money bags, a jewel caso a pocket book, and a bottle of the same manufacture as the stopper, and having a cork m it. lhe tray was placed on tho tablej in sight of the prisoner and the wituess, and from that moment not a doubt remained in tho mind of any man of the guilt of the prisoner. A few words will bring this melnn choir scene to a close. The houso where the murder was committed was between niue and ten miles distant. The solicitor, as soon as tho cross-examination of the housckeercr had discovered the existence of the closet, and its situatton, had set off on horseback, with two sheriff's offi cers, and after pulling down a part of tho wall of the house, had detached this im portant place ot concealment. Ihcir search was well rewarded; the whole of the property belonging to Thompson was found thoro, amounting in valuo to some thousand pounds; and to leavo no room for doubt, a bottle was discovered, which the medical men instantly pronounced to contain tho identical poison which had caused the death of Thompson. Tho re sult was too obvious to need explanation Smith was convicted and executed. Labor and its Wants in Cities. Tho wants of Labor may bo seen a- mong a numerous cJass who arc willing to work if they could find employment. There is a painful interest in seoing la borers flock around when a job is to be done. Go to tho wharf and buy a load of wood, you havo no need to look for a sawyer. Usually, before the cart has gono a block, one with his buck and saw is following after; or, if tho carman will permit he gets on and rides to its desti nation. Sometimes you will sec three or four, all after one load. If a load is put down at your door, one of these persever ing laborers will often set down his buok and go to work unbidden, trusting of course that you will pay him the usual charge. It happened a few days since that our opposite neighbor, who wa3 a widow with a large family, and is constantly obliged to save every sixpence, ordered a load of coal. As usual, with it came a coal-heaver, butshe was unwilling to give 25 cents, the common charge for carrying it in, and he went away. In less than twenty min utes while tho coal lay upon tho pavement, there were seven applicants for the job. It had to be carried up a long alley and put in a coal-bin at the back of tho house, and no one seemed williug to do the hard duty for the proffered shilling Several offered to split the difference, but no, and they went away. There were at one time four stout men bargaining for the odd sixpence long enough to earn two. It seemed that one of theso would have como to terms at once. It was plain to see that it was " do or die" with him. He was a stalwart son of the "Ould Counthry, lately imported, and felt the pressing wants of tho laborer most undoubtedly. He looked at the coal whore it lay, as mucb as to say : "Somebody must move that; why- not I ?" Then he looked a round anxiously for so-me one to say, "Yes, you can do it." At length he went up to the door and rapped timidly. Evidently he knew nothing of the use of tho bell,- or else ho supposed, it was not for the like of him to ring. So ho came down and took another survey, and then placed his basket on the pile as a sign to other laborers that this was engaged.- By and by he ventured up to tho door a gain. This timo his rap was answerod Then there was a long confab ; the lady offered a shilling, aud he held out for eighteen ponce. How he implored her, but to no avil ; she saw he was anxious for work, and would probably take tho shil ling. He thought not, and picked up his basket to go away. Then came one, two, then others, with their baskets : four men chaffering for an hour's work. Finally, after a deal of talk and gesticulation, all agreed they would not work for half price Halt an hour attcrward, we looked out and Baw tho tall man whd had stuck so hard for the job, had relented and come back for the shilling. More than forty times did he fill that basket and carry it up the long slippery nlley fdr that little sum, barely the price of a pound of beef, pork or mutton, or a couple of pounds of bread. But there was no alternative want was pressing and 8ix other men wan ted to do thesamo labor. Let the labor er in tho country, who gets plenty of la bor to do, and with it plenty of good food be content; he is better oil than hi3 fellow in tho city. If such still think tho City is the place for a poor man, let them come here and join U3 in ono of our walks among tho a bodes of ntisery, not crime, for all who arc poor aro not bad. Wo have enough who are so, but those aro not labor seekers they live upon tho labor of oth ers. It is not crime, it is the want of work, that makes bo many wretched be ings in the City. The inability ttf pro cure work, or to gain a bare subsistence by all they can do, is the parent of orime. Go to the co tin try you will find few rogues among constantly employed farm laborers. Tho reason is obvioiis. They get their daily bread as certainly as they arc willing to work fdr it. Unlike their fellow in the City, they do not beg for wdrk ahd starve for want. Besido whole- 'sdme ftiod if an unlimited supply of meat can be called wholesome they have com fortable lodgings: in that respect quite uulike tho City cellar occupant. We wish some of the disinterested souls who aro ldnging fdr the city life with its comforts and pleasures, could have a vis iou exhibiting somo of tho places where human beings are stowed awayliko chick ens in a coop, or pigs in an over-crowded pen. What would they say to making ono of the five families occupying one room only twelve feet square, or to have a room to themselves, instead of their present cottage with four rooms and a large gar- rot, us ono family wo know of who came from just such a place, to live in a city garret five feet by seven, in which three a- dult3 and four children, cook, cat and sleep ? Why so poor, if willing to work ? Because tho lather could not get employ ment, grew desponding, got sick, not drunk, and because ho could not pay eighteen dollars a month for two rooms, had to move into this hole whero his who and daughter support the family, making shirts at four cents a piece. If heaven sees any chance of their restoration to their former peaceful homo m the country, it is more than we do, and wo pray it may vouchsafe a ray of light to the hope-forsaken mother, that sho may roturn and light up a beaoon to warn the poor coun try laborer to como not near the city, where all who aro criminal aro not so by nature, nor are all who beg lazy, but be cause the text is revorscd, and the labor ers are not fow, but greatly in excess of the demand, so far as they know how or what to do Our closing and earnest appeal to all who must labor to live, is, Come not to the city for employment. iY. Y. Trib. Heading off Runaways. An exciting affair occurred in South Trenton on Sunday, the details of which are as follows : The discovery of somo lettors aroused in the breast of a husband suspioiona that his wife was giving her af fections to another. On Sunday tho wifo started out on tho pretence of going to the South Trenton Presbyterian Church. The husband suspected nothing, but qui etly took a seat at the window of his house. In a few minutes, however, the person who was suspected of trifling with the affec tions of his wifo came driving by in gay stylo. The husband at once suspected that something was in the programme of the afternoon performance that he had not read. So he started off m pursuit, and taking a roundabout course, he head od the party near the church, nia wife was just stepping into the wagon. Tho man gave the horae the whip, but the in jured husband succeeded in jumping into the tail of the wagon, and at once com menced beating the man. llo continued this business so long and with such effect that persons passing by thought he would kill him and interfered. The affair cre ated no little sensation, and ha3 been tho talk of tho Ward ever ainco. Stale Ga zette. A Giant. Mr. 0'Gnskill, the Nova Scotia giant, a iKtitc individual, of seven feet eight inches in height, and weighing four bun hundred and fifteen pounds, left this city yesterday morning, for New York. His hand measures, from the tip at his fingers to the wrist, twelve and a half inches. His presence created quite a sensation at the steamboat landing. The sword in his possession was about the length of an ordinary liborty pole. Sioi of 1th inst. The Darkness Go?ic. M. A. Townsend writing from New Brighton, Pa., under dato of Juno 27, says : "A little boy blind from birth, aged about four years, died in this village a few days ago with scarletina. About an hour before tho lit tle sufferer departed, he exclaimed: "Pa! I see now. Darkness is ail gone. Day is come " His father inferred from the inoident that he wa3 better, and would probably recover. But an hour passed, and he was with the angels. Profits of a. Law Suit. On tho third of December, 1S52, thef ship Georgia was wrecked on Long Beach, N. J., and libelled (for salvage wo pre sume) by Thomas Bond. After eighteeu months of litigation, tho U. S. Court at Trenton closed the matter by a distribu tion of tho sale of said vessel to the libel lant, Thomas Bond. The proceeds a mounted to 81,005, the whole of which was swallowed Up in tho costs of tho Court, except $29, which the libcllaut re ceived. His claim was $2,282 37. A bout three per cent, fdr justice and trinity seven per ceut for collecting ! Colored Communicants in the South number largely. A cotemporary makes tho following statement: Thero are a bout 150,000 colored members of ihd Southern Methodist Churoh; 120,000 iu tho Baptist; 10,000 in the PresbytGriau, and in other churches about 20,000; making a total of 300,000: .During the year onding July 1, 1S53, thero occurod 530 marriage?, 633 births, and 319 deaths in Lancaster county.