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Bcvotcb to jpolitirs, fitcrciturc, Agriculture, Science, iWoralitij, emu ctwral intelligence.
VOL. 13. STROUDSBURG, MONROE COUNTY, PA. AUGUST 11, 1853. NO. 42. t Published toy Theodore Schoch. TERMS Two dollars per annnum in advance Two dollars and a quarter, half yearlv and if not paid Ie lore the end of the year, Tw o dollars and a half. Those a ho receive their papers by a earner or stage drivers cmpioyeu ny the proprietor, will uc cuargeu - cenis, per year, cxira. No papers discontinued until all arrearagesare paid, except at the option of the Editor. lO Advertisements not exceeding one square (six teen lines) will be insetted three weeks for one dollar, and twenty.fivc cents for every .subsequent insertion The Charge for one and three insertions the same. A liberal discount made to yearly advertisers. IE? All letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid. JOB PRINTING. Hating a general assortment of large, elegant, plain and ornamental Type, we are prcpaied to execute every description of Cards, Circulars, Rill Heads, Notes, 11 lank Receipts Justices, Legal and other llhmks. Pamphlets, ir. printed with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terms, AT THE OFFICE OF THE J JEFFERSON I AIY. A Prayer for Strength. Give tnc my strength, my Father: I am frail, And weak, and helpless; unto Thee I pray For strong upholding power, lest by the way My footsteps falter and my courage fail. I need Thy strong assistance many foes Are waging warfare with a fearful etrife, While I, devoid of strength almostof life May not attempt such numbers to oppose. i Give me Thy guidance, Father! round my way So many dangers lie, and hidden snares, That I am fearful oft, lest, unawares, My feet into some secret pitfall stray. The wrong so oft in guise of right appears Tim evil often hidden from my view, That I am doubtful sometimes what to do My brain bewildered and confused by fears, How oft o'er duty's pathway clouds like night Spread darkest shawows! and no single ray Appears to show the safe and better way Father, 'tis Thou alone can guide aright. Give me Thy grace, my Father, day by day, As newer trials came, and earthly cares Increase the burden which my spirit bears Thy grace to lighten care and cheer the way. Give me Thy grace when hope's glad ray ap pears, Gilding the future with its golden light, While I, enchanted by the glorious sight, Know nought of sorrow or foreboding fears. Oh! then I need Thy grace to guide aright, Lest, quite bewildered by the brilliant ray, I tread unheedingly the flow'ry way, Till duty's safer pith be lost to sight Give mc Thy guidance ever on my way Throughout the strange chequered path of life; Thy strength to conquer in the hour of strife, And all-sufficient grace for every day. 03 George iv. visited a very old man, who was about 125 years old, and asked him amongst other questions, how he came to live to such an age. He replied, "I will tell you ny good friend:" " Wine and women I refused, Late suppers I never used ; Head and feet I always keep cold, And that is why I am bo old. jtST Bayard Taylor, in one of bis re cent letters from Hindostan, relates the following account of a cure effected by a new agent. It may be well for tbe med ical profession to look into it. He says: " On getting into the cart, at tbe last station before reaching Khurdee, tbe step broko, and as T fell my knee struck upon a projecting bolt, causing sucb intense pain as almost to deprive me of my sen ses. By tbe timo wo baited again tbe the joint was so stiff that I could scarcely bend it. Tbe hurt produced sucb a dull ness that my teeth chattered, and I was fain to sit in tbe sun while breakfast was preparing. Tbe morning was scorching hot, and I soon noticed that tbo beat Beemed to draw out tbe pain from tbe in jured limb. In fact in balf an bour I was able to get up as usual, and since tben bavo not felt tbe slightest inconveni ence from tbo injury. This is a case of Fun cure, which I recommended to any who is anxious to start a new system of healing." A Human Candle. The Chinese Re pository tells a very singular story of the punishment inflicted on a Chinese crim inal. His offence, it seems, was unpar- donablo, and it was determired to make an cxamplo of him. Consequently, he ,n,l rnnnrlwifl, r.nt.tnn saturated was wound round with cotton, saturated in tallow, and having been dipped until bo presented tbe appearance of a gigantic candle, was stuck up on his father's grave and lighted. Of course, tbe poor fellow perished in slow torture. Was over de vice heard of, so completely diabolical. Woetu Remembering. If a person1 fall into a lit, and the face be pale, let: iiim rp.niftin nn iho crrnnnrl; for slimi ( it be faintinfr. or temnorarv susnension of 4h'n i,nwa by raising the body or by bleeding. But if tho face bo red or d.irlr nWd ra?R'of real truth of lasting good; something the body and keep it in an uprighl posi-, tion, throw cold water on the head, and have tho person bled immediately, or fa- Ul pressure on the brain may ensue. The farmers in Iowa say it is almost impossible to sleep at night on account of the tackct made by thp rapid growth of tho corn. tv Guarded Secrets. What woman is there that confessess not to tbo possession of a guarded secret? School girls have their cherished mysteries; but these pass from mouth to mouth till, like tbo witohes at seventh hand,' all their magio dies out. It is not of such we would speak, but of that sterner and more stubborn secret which is the life in life, which occupies the soul's inner and most secret chamber, and is the hearts' holy of holies; a joy, or a dread, or a pang most commonly the last through life; a thing that weaves itsolf, with more or less intensity, into every act of our daily struggle tn earth. My grandmother had an old-fashioned cabinet, portioned out, as was the moth od of constructing such commodities in her day, into sundry small shelves, drawers, aud old-covered boxes. The centre compartment of this same old chest opened like a door, having lock and key, and within was a longsliding-drawer, occupying tbo entire depth of the cabi net. That in this drawer something very precious was stored, all her children knew. None, however, dared pry into their mother's guarded secret. Her hus band, it was more than suspected, could kavc thrown some light on the mattcrjbut he was never known to do so, and silence rested upon the unknown occupant of the drawer; the mystery remaining a mystery up to tbc day of my good grand mother's death. The contents of the secret drawer were committed to tbo flames, in accordance with the expressed wish of the dying. But somehow or other the secret oozed out. It would appear that, like most other grandmothers, mine bad early in life had a love-affair as that deepest- striking of all woman's experiences, is somewhat irreverently termed. It was the old story; the man she loved went abroad without having spoken just that one word for which her soul thirsted, and which, nevertheless, had found a thousand other utterances scarcely to be mistaken. For years, there was a dreary silence between tbe two. Then came my grandfather with his earnest court-ship. Under the feeling that she was not justified iu oberisbing a predilection so apparently unresponded to by tbc earlisfc object of her affection, she yielded, after a prolong ed struggle, to my grandfather's suit. No sooner, however, was she formally engaged to him, than there came a letter in the old, unforgotten -hand writing! Ob, you who have listened with beating hearts for tbe postman's knock, fully prepared for all it might bring, think, for one moment how the coming of this letter, long even unhoped for, and now too late, knocked at tbe heart of her who re ceived it? Now, my grandmother had a conscience, and a more than commonly tender one. Her first impulse, of course, was to tear open tbc letter; but a second thought stayed her hand. She bad long ago made the fact of this early attach ment known to my grandfather. What she now did then, was at onco to tell him sho had received such a lcltor, and that, as his affianced wife, she could not and would not read it. Was she fantastic in her notions of right and wrong? I do not believe so; I do not think she could have done a better or wiser thing. Out .of hor aot no suffering could possibly fall upon the man to whom she was pledged, and whose happiness was henceforth in her keeping, though much of pain bore heavily upon her. That letter, with its unkroken seal, lay, all her life, shut up in the old musty cabinet, where it stood revealed at last. That acting up to the truest spirit of her intention, she fought long aud victoriously against the desire to fathom what those hidden characters contained whether or not they bore that , TO,f1 nnon . n ' i "ctn Jy unutterable we are bound to i believe. Upon one solitary occasion a- lone was she ever seen to wrestle with her temptation. After a meek endurance of one of my grandfather's fits of passion foV he had a stormy temper she was found seated, weeping bitterly, before tbe open door of that guarded chest wherein lay the unbroken seal, Solemn as such subjects must be, and are, there is a blessed comfort in the tbo't nf thorn. It is a gracious tinner to feel that exe is something, be it what it may, . which neither time, nor trial, nor tho common wear and tear of actual, dull, ( every day life can crush out of man. Do ( men know anything of such relics as I . epeak of? I am ignorant : I oannot say; j but I should fancy they do not. The steady, unfaltering devotion of a long life ! to one thought, and one remerabrauco, j ITowa I never fouricL.save in woman. i ' hoarded re anv woman snouia De wituout tnem! xsut these are yet under the seal that lies so heavily on all living lips. Some day, perhaps but we, none of us, like to think of that strange hands may overhaul them. Pity it is that so few of us have strongth of soul enough, or, it may be warning-timo enough, ere the Great Revcaler steals up on us, to enable us to put beyond the reach of sacrilegious eyes our most dar ling secrets! Oh, could we but summon the nerve to place them with our own moving fingers upon somo funeral pyre! Could wo but watch them slowly consum t nit a . ing! But no; wo cannot do this. While wo havo life they are our3. It would seem liko bidding an etornal farewell to our protecting genius, to put away tbe guardian spectres of lost hopes, dead loves, and mystic memories. No! Let us treasure them while we yet walk a mong the living. But, oh, may some kind and pitying hand, when we lie si lenced, bury them with us, unprofaned by a single look! A singular instance of this silent treasuring up of one solitary thought,and in tbo breast of a child, fell under my knowledge not long ago, while staying by tbc sea-side, at the bouse of some old friends. They wcro at the same time visited by a little girl of about seven years of age, who had been confided to their care, in order that sho might have the benefit of the sea-bathing, recommended for somo weakness of the spine, under which the child suffered. Sho was the loveliest little creaturo I ever beheld quiet and shy, too, though loast so with me, for whom she at onco took a strong liking. Our hostess, who every night made a point of seeing her young charge put comfortably to bed, always remained in her room until the child bad said her prayers. When her ordinary devotions had been gone through aloud, the child invariably bent down her head upon tbo bed, at the side of which sho knelt, and offered up some prayer within herself. What this prayer was, nothing could in duce her to reveal. Her parents were questioned about it; but though perfectly aware of the fact, they were unablo to solve the question. It was, of course, a thing altogether too sacred to be intruded on by any forcible appeal, and all parties remained in their ignorance. I own that when first I was told of it, the secret ap peared to me to be of so strange and un earthly a character, that I trembled as one who suddenly stands faced by a spirit. It seemed like a silent commun ing with angles. Feeling very anxious to witness with my own eyes what inter ested me so deeply in the telling, I one night, with my little friend's consent, ac companied her to her room. As usual, tho prayers were repeated aloud; and then followed the silent offering up of that pure young heart. So holy was the bour, that I held my breath for very reverence, the tears springing to my eyes with sudden emotion. Surely angelic hosts hovered about that Bmall bowod down head, on whoso golden locks a halo seemed to rest! Whatever was that si lent, guarded and mysterious prayer and sometimes it struck rac that it might possibly have relation to cither a dread of dying or to her anticipations of her near heaven, as she was at that time out of health whatever that prayer might be, that it was a beautiful and pure one I am sure the purest and the best, per haps, in all thclong catalogue of guard ed secrets. One secret, which every age has been most oarefully and religiously guarded guarded in terror and dismay, through inconceivable wrong and suffering, thro' life and up to tbe grave's brink, not per haps even then to bo rendered up to those who stand around scattoring their last tears with the 'dust to dust' is the secret of birth. Instances of the kind al luded to are so numerous and bo start ling, that it would be difficult to invent any story surpassing in interest tbc al ready written and attested records of that most dangerous secret buch tales 1 re- member to have heard in Sootland. One, in particular, struck me as most singular, because, though generations have been born, and havo passed out of being since the occurences narrated took place, no clue was evor found to the secret so cau tiously and mysteriously guarded. Tbc following is an outline of the tradition: A couple, coming whence no man knew, arrived one sharp winter night a mid tbe smoke of Edinburgh. The wife was "younger than her husband by some years, and possibly from the fact of this disparity of age, looded up to him with a feeling of reverential devotion belonging rather to a daughter than to a wife. It was noticed, indeed, by all who knew them, that she had even thus early in her wedded life, laid down for herself a law of more strict and unquestioning obe dience than is usually practised by tbc best of wives. The result of this blind , submission, as will be seen, must havo borne hard upon a pure heaiiiand tender conscience, sucb. as hers were represented to have been, chough not perhaps until added years brought homo tho lession rightly understood by few that no mor tal, even though he be a husbaud, has a right over any other human soul, autho rizing him to rule its obedience contrary to God's higher law. The married pair, it would seem, bad been united for some years, yetno offspring had been granted to their prayers. It was now that, while I myself confess to a few lies Heaven forbid that living in the utmost retirement in an ob scure street, the husband introduced to his wife an old Scotch nurse, bearing in her arras a new born child. This child, said by him to bo the posthumous son of a dear friend recently deceased, ho rep resented it was his interest to adopt, and produco to the world as his own. To in sure his-wifo's aid in tbo project, he care fully concealed from her whatever deep laid schemes were working in his own mind made light of the affair asserted that it was but to serve a temporary pur pose, and that, the object in furtherance of which this singular deception was car ried on, once attained, the whole thing should be revealed. A quick instinct of wrong in the mind of the young wife, made her at first hesi tate; but the recollection of that strict abnegation of her own will to which she had vowed herself, at .last prevailed over her scruples, and the pleading looks of the helpless little orphan, lying safe and warm within her arms, melting her soul, she took tho forlorn babe to her bosom and bestowed upon it heartily a mother's oaro. Tho child proved sickly, a weary burthern to any but a real motbor; yet its foster-parent, though young and un used to such a charge, nevor for a mo ment shrunk from tbc responsibility she had incurred. The consequence natural ly was, that the boy learned to love her strongly and entirely. But towards his reputed father he at all times evinced a most strange and unaccountable aversion, amounting to an instinctive horror and shrinking from his presence. When the child had grown to be about a year old, Mr. A g, tho gentleman in question, his plans now apparently matured, re solved at once to introduce his protege to his family as his own legitimately born son and heir. Mr. A g was a descendant of one of the old border fam ilies, renowned in history for many a raid and many a foray across the Eng lish frontier, and, judging from his deeds, tho unscrupulous character and adven turous spirit of the early freebooter would seem to have beon transmitted i down through many generations, little J modified by tho march of centuries. And now came the poor wife's trial. In her husband's home, and under the eyes of his kindred and household, she ' was soon doomed to feel bitterly how a single deception inevitably leads to num- j erou3 others, and how one falsehood en-. tails the neoessity of a thousand more to follow in its wake. A mother in seem-' ing, yet no mother in truth, her entire ignorance concerning all that related to the birth of her supposed child became a bers of tho family. Sooner or later be- trayal seemed inevitable, rvor was this all: the worst was to come. No sooner had the imposture been carried out suc cessfully, than the young wife found her self about to becomo a mother. Here was a new involvement. Sho had then given up the birth-right of her own child in favor of a stranger ! It was truo that the fact of tho imposition of tho adopted child could be proved, but what humiliation must accompany such a con fession what a heart-wearing tissue of law proceedings might not be entailed by tho admission! To tbc married pair, years of torturing anixcty and strange discord followed. Heart-burnings of many kinds unavoidably arose out of a stato of things so unnatural. Tho real son became a secondary consideration in the household, the very servants seeking favor with the presumed heir, and look ing down on the 'voungor brother.' All this time the mystery was still maintained. Whence the adopted had come, and to whom ho belonged of right, was throughout kept a guarded secret from the wife her husband's solitary admission to her being to tho effect, that the boy's mother was a lady of noble birth: of the father he never spoke. Mr. A g made frequent and sudden journeys from home, no one knew whither or for what purpose, always returning as unexpectedly as he had departed. After thoso absences he was observed to be gloomy, nay, almost fierce in his temper, especially towards the child of his adop tion, between whom and himself a mortal antipathy appeared to exist, and to in crease with the boy's years. What might have been tho issue in after-years it is needless to surmise. The Gordiau-knot of this evil was suddenly and unaccounta bly cut by that unseen Hand which has undone many another coil of mischief in the world. One day the adopted child was found drowned in tho Tyue, which rolled its waters through Mr. A g's estate. Thero was a hurried and unsat isfactory inquest held on tho body, and all was done. Through one breast that of the wife a secret shudder ran. A sickness as of death fell upon the heart of her who alono know what hid den temptation might havo laid in wait, like the weird sisters of Maobcth, urging on tho man with whom her fate was bound up, to the commission of (a deed without a name.' From that hour a blight fell over the fated house. But to this day all i3 enveloped in mystery. It is true, that tho bare fact of the impost lion of such a child iu plauc of a real heir, incourse of time, and after the death of Mr. A g, got rumored abroad; but the actual parentago of tbe ill-fated victim of the imposture remained, and will now donbless forever remain, among the catalogue of these guarded secrets which the crave refuses to render up. The Pauper Dead of Naples. A writer in the Cincinnatti Gazette gives the following account of a visit to a place where the paupor dead of naples are hurried : About two miles from tho city, in a largo square place, enclosed by a high wall, thorc are 3G5 oistern snapped vaults or pits, with an aperture on top about three feet square. These cisterns arc some 20 or 25 feet deep by 12 or 15 in diameter, with tho opening covered by a heavy stone, and tightly cemented. One of these is removed by a portable lever every day in tbe year, to receive the dead of that day, and then closed again for a year. They begin to deposit the bodies about 6 o'clock in the eveniug, and end at 10. When I got there about ten or twelve people had already been thrown in, and were lying promiscuously as they chanced to fall, with bead, body and limbs in every possible attitude across, o ver and under each other. An old priest, or throe attendants, and a few idle spec tators of the common sort, were loitering about. Shotly after my arrival a box was brought containing the body of a child some 4 or 5 years; its hand held a bunch of flower3, and a rose was in its mouth. The priost mumbled a short prayer, sprin kled it with holy water, and turned away, a man then took the little fellow by tho neck and heels and pitched him in as he would a stick of wood; bis head struck the curb as it went in, and he fell whirl ing to tho bottom; seeing the flowers that fell from his hand, he took them up and threw them in after it. In a few minutes more a man was brought to tho mouth of the pit ;"the priest again prayed and sprin kled, the attendants took him up by the head and legs and down ho went also. Then followed another child like the first, and I was about leaving the ground when a fourth subject entered. The lid of tho box was thrown back, and it was the body of a young and rather handsome fe male. Sho was apparently about twenty and died evidently from some short ill ness. Her arms and face were round and full, and she appeared more asleep than dead. The prayers and holy water again in requisition: the attendants took hor roughly up, and tossed her in. I imme diately stepped to the mouth of the vault and looked down ; her limbs, and those of the dead below she had disturbed by her fall, wcro still in motion. Her head was slowly turning, and her hair, which was long, black and luxuriant, was set tling in thick clusters across a vory white and naked body lying near her. For a moment the whole horrid mass seemod instinct with life, and crawling on tho bot tom of its Ioathsomo charnel house. I had seen enough ; sick and disgusted I turned away, aud moralizing on the diff erence botween such an interment and a peaceful one in our own beautiful cement ery at SpringGrove, I mounted my vo lauto and returned to Naples, meeting on my road some half a dozen boxes, great and small, containing more victims for that insatiable maw that cpens its mouth but once a year to be gorged with its dread ful banquet. Tho bodies thus entered aro generally from the Hospital, and the sight can bo witnessed by any one 3G5 times a year Before tbe pit is closed, quick limo is thrown in, and nothing but bones left when it is again opened. The Moth. A great fuss is usually made " about this time" to keep off that delicate and beautiful Iittlo insect, the Moth Miller. Sho has certain instincts, as well as other people, and they lead her to deposit her eggs where food can be found when hor young arc "born into tho world." So she, liko a good mother, looks about indus triously aud claps an egg here and there under the seams of our host woollen coat, or in madam's wrist-cufi tr boas, or muff; or, for want of better shelter and moro refined feeling, will deposit half a scoro of eggs among the hair of the buff alo robes that hang in the carriage-house. Now this is very innocent and commend able conduct throughout all bugdom, but is looked upon bv us as a peculiarly in- sinuating proceeding bj' the bugs, aud form of deposit not altogether approved. So tho housewife tries to defend her- self with cedar closets, camphor draws, on tho Feast of Visitation, (July 2d,) by rosemary sassfras leaves aud other! his Eminence Cardinal Fransoui, Prefect delectable odors, but tho bugs care no1 of Propaganda. I have not been able to as more for them than a hectoring gallant ccrtaint ho name of the convert, but it will for a tap with his lady's fan; they are true not long remain uuknown." to their instincts still, and will continue The person alluded to above is report- to bo so in spite of tho nostrums of sE& culapius and all his disoiples 1 But, fair, lady, there is one infallible remedy; simple, and always in reach. Shako your garments or furs well, and tie them up tight in a pillar-case, or any cotton or linen bair, and hang that in tho . 1 j garret, or any where under cover, and your vegetables will be perfeotlysaftfJfrom t&c rnvnaes of the moth. The Crops, Generally. During the month just closed, wo havo traversed in various directions the largo and productive region bounded by the St. Lawrence on the North and tho Ohio, on the South, and stretching from tho Green Mountains on the East to the j Cuyahoga on the West. In addition to tho observations thus made, wc have con versed with many intelligent travelers from nearly all parts of tho country and recei ved letters giving some account of tho state of the Crops in almost every part of the Union. From the information thus obtained, wo. sum up tho general stato and prospects of this year's Harvest as follows : Wheat was considerably injured by tho Fly and the Weevil, but not so ser iously as was at first supposed. Tho crop is a fair average. Iiye camo in well, but was not exten sively sown. It rarely fails. Grass or Hay is short in the averago wo think not over three-fourths of an average yield throughout tho Union. It was very generally injured by drouth and by grasshoppers, and its later growth so hastened by tbe intense heat that very much of it suffers by standing in tho field after it should have been cut. There is much yet out which Mill not be worth nearly so much as it would havo been if cut a fortnight ago. It is very short iu the great Grazing States of the West. Indian Com was quite extensively planted, and about half of all we havo seen bears a good color, though often shortened by drouth. About a quarter of all we bavo seen is very miserable,and cannot yield ten bushels to the acre much not five. Tho remaining quarter is rather worse than middling. Therc,is time yet for improvement, if rains aro frequent and frosts hold off, but the pro bability now is that the yield per acre will bo below an average. If so, Pork must be higher. In the South, Corn is a great staple, and thero will not be half a crop this year. Potatoes cover a great deal of ground we think moro than usual but the prospects for a yield are not bright. They have widely suffered from drouth, and tho vinc3 are generally less luxuriant than they should be. We hear reports that the dreaded Rot has made its ap pearance in Westchester County, where- ram has been abundant. We believe tho average yield will be small, though many fields look well. Oats are a failure. Thero was a great breadth sown, but tho severe drouth of July has stunted them, so that they aro short and look badly. Even in West chester, where there has been rain enough, they look thin and feeble a result at tributed to the intense heats of June. We did not see. a dozen really good fields in the last thousand miles wc trav eled. Thero will not be over half u. crop. Soiccd Com (for fodder) is doina fair- Buckwheat is seen m all stages somo fields in the blossom; others hardly out of the ground. Tho earliest sown is gener ally short. It is too soon to speak as to tbe latter. Hoots, other than Potatoes, arc not ex tensively sown or not yet up. Tho shortness of the Grass crop ought to havo induced a very general sowing of Tur nips and Indiau Corn to eke out the de ficiency of Hay, but wo do not learn that it has done so. Our general conclusion is that Graiu will rule high and probably advance dur ing the next nine months, carrying Pork along with it, and that Cattlo and Beef will be cheaper in the fall. Sheep can not well be dearer. But August may materially change all this. So much de pends on the fullness or deficiency of tho Harvest, that wo will thank our friends in every quarter to advise us early of anything that may occur affecting it in their respective neighborhoods, and to bo oarcfull to inform us accurately. Grass aud Winter Grain are mainly cut, 4 while Oat3 are gouerally past praying for; but Indian Corn aud Potatoes may yet come in so bounteously as to ensure general plenty. N. Y. Tribune. BiTho Freeman's Journal of New York, Bishop Hugos' organ, says: "Letters from Rome, received hero three days ago, announce that a distin- anguished Senator of the United States mado his formal renunciation of Protestautism, aud was recoived in the Catholic Church ed to bo Senator Douglass, of IHinoh, Jwho is now, or was reccutly, in Roino. "JPapjty, can't I go to tho zoological rooms to see the cammomilo fight tho rln- I nosarcow?" Sartin, ray son but don't . . . net your trowscrs torn. otrange, my fa J , V oar what a taste that boy haa goUor natural history." J