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Hfruotcu to Ipolitirs, itcvaturc, Agriculture, Science, iHoraliti), nub cucral intelligence.
VOL. 14. STEOUDSBUEG, MONROE COUNTY, PA. FEBRUARY 16, 1854. NO 15, Ptcblihlicd by Theodore Schocii. TERMS Two dollars per annum in advance Two dollars and a quarter, half yearly and if not paid bc lote the end of the year, Two dollars and a half. No papers discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except at the option of the Editor. Xy Advertisements not exceeding one square (ten lines) will be inserted three weeks tor one dollar, and twenty-five cents for every subsequent insertion. The charge for one and three insertions the same. A liber al discount made to yearlv adveitiscrs. .IE? All letters addrosscJ to the Editor must be postpaid. JOS PBISTOG. Having a general assortment of large, elegant, plain and ornamental Type, w e are prepared to executecvery descriptionof Cards, Circulars, Bill Heads, Notes. Dlank Receipts Justice:!, Legal and other Blanks, Pamphlets, dc. printed with neatness and despatch, o reasonable terms, AT THE OFFICE OF THE JEFFSSlaOr5AiY. A Wery Grave Exhortation I believe you isn't married, Ned I You does'nt know the sweets Vat waits upon that happy state, Ven man and woman meets. The bosom's varm emotions, Ned, The drops within the eyes; The nice vash'd things, darn'd stockings, And all them tender lies. You don't know vat it is, Ned, While lying in jour Led, To gaze on cireful woman's form, Vile the breakfast things is spread. Yejt you don't vant to get up, Ned, The I;ier feels so nice; And she saj's, "take another cup, ' And litis here t'oher i.licc." Tile the fire is burning bright, Ned, And all upon the chair, Your linen and 'nur drawers, Ned, Is hanging up to r.ir. I nxes every heart, Icd, Vat is'nt made of steel, If they can gaze upon that lire, And not a vanning feel I Oh! very few, Indeed, Ned, Knows ven they're their truly happy ; Ven the baby is fctch'd, Ned, To kiss its lazy pappy. "You little tenyypenay thing; Its mammy turn and eat her, You bessed babe it was so thweet It could'nt be no thweeter. "You dod, a blessed angel you It pulls its pappy's hair I Take fingers out of pappy's cup Don't cry then, thwectest there. ' Oh, fie! to spoil all pappy's Igh ! - You naughty, ducky, dandy, Owny, dony, voguey, poguey, Thweet as sugar candy." Oh, Ned, thetc are some moments ven The sternest hearts will quiver; Futst let that baby spill your tea, Vile you're beneath the kiver. Vun little hand within your hair, The t'other in your cup; Don't vonder if we sometimes feel Ab ve could "eat 'em up." From the way iu which men sometimes talk, you would suppose that dollars and cents are the only respectable things in the universe, that successful speculation is the only true heroism, and that tho hope of making twenty per cent, profit is enough to bestow dignity upon meanness itself. A friend once visiting an unworldly plilosopher,whose. mind was his kingdom, expressed his surprise at the smallness of his apartment: 'Why, you have not room enough to swing a cat!' 'My friend,' was the serene answer, 'I do not want to swing a cat.' A Cool Vote. A man went to the polls the other day, and said he wanted to vote against cold weather. The inspector told liim he must use a thick envelope then. A writer in an Irish newspaper, after mentioning the wreck of a vessel - near Skerries, rejoices that all the crew were saved, except four hogsheads of violasscs. 'Georgiana! Georgiana! where's the but- ! ter paddle?' Tim's got it in the wood-j shed spanking Roxy Anne.' To what ' base uses do butter paddles come at last. Hotc to sec the teeth of a beautiful young lady. Praise her rival before her face, aud you may depend upon it, she will goon gjbow her tceh. 'Adam had one great advantage over oil other married couples which has been lost to us with Paradise he had no mother-in-law! What is the World lite ? The world is like a stubble-field in which the great est geesse pick up the most of the gold pn grains. Bxst Youth. "Bobby, my son, run to the store and .get me some sugar." "Excuse me ma, I am slightly indis posed this morning. Send father, and tell him to bring me a plug of tobacco a- long." The fellow whose intontion was rivit J,edj hac again burst open, A Defence of Fleas One of the peculiarities which strikes me most among the inhabitants ot Tur key is' their love of fleas. I am obliged to use the words inhabitants, because all are not Turks who live in -Turkey; and all alike in this repect, whether Osmanlia, Armenian, Bulgarian, Wallack, Molduvia, Greek or Jew. They pounce upon them with a cry of delight wherever they And them, and fondle them before putting them to death. They show as much art and address in their capture as a keen sportsman may evince it trying to get a shot at a flock of wild ducks. The fleas i.e.i r. tl: it....- l.nl.l tr. are not ungrateiui ior ueiug iu" honor, and have cflFected a very consider - . . ' . - " M ' 1. - wrongs to redress or lniureu terests to bluster about. Most tho houses being of wood, the' find warm commodi ous quarters quarters which are utterly inaccessible to the broom of the house man. I use the word houseman because there is no such a thing as a housemaid i in lurkey Ihcse little animals arc so prompt and ferocious in thoir msaults and have moreover, such a keen appreciation of the tant country, tuat tliey Keep a strauger in a perpetual state of liveliness and mo- tioir, which is, doubtless, extremely bene ficial to his health, especially if ho be slothful. No idea of dirt or disgrace secni3 to at tach to a houseful of fleas these pugna cious little animals being looked upon as recognized proprietors in the country,and as having as much ri-zht there as any one else. Any attempt therefore, to exterm inate them from a bed or sofa would be laughed to scorn utterly. A Perote lady (and a Perote lady is the very essence of tine ladyism) willofton stop several times in the course of a flirtation, languidly to cutch a flea upon her dress; feebly smi ling while she twiddles him in her fingers, and then, passively dropping him on the floor. Two grave Galata merchants will stop iu the midst of a bargain sportively to oatch a flea on the shirt front of an ac quaintance; and cracking out his crisp life on the counter, will proceed to draw a bill on London or to discuss the exchange, the depreciation of Kaimes, and the rise of gold. No individual throughout the country Eeems to be able to resist the fascination of hunting a flea wherever he sees him. What trapping was to the lied Indians, what the fox-chase was to the squire of ! nnr pinion! Am limitmt' is tn thrt Or- . . . . e - , c .. J mediately uowstrung. arc, in point of fact, one of tho nattonah- i J , n ( n mnnri i- ' r -i ii i i-ii I remember a personage of uo mean ties of Turkey; the only ono which has 1 , 1 ... . i f i wi rank once calling my attention specially nothing to ask of tho crovernment; which , - .. , , ? , . i 13 , i to snn him hunt: and kill two ileas. who iental; it is a passion a delight. As "The amazou falls but a foot in fifty soon as the lively little game breaks ; miles; the Pi,hine one foot in a quarter of a ' cover, no matter wh ere or when, the eyes j mile; the Loire a footin one and a half miles , of the Perote light up with an unwonted j Ninety species of bones of quadrupeds fire; a keen sporting expression passes have been found, which are now unknown. ; over his face; he raises his hand stealthly j The water of the Ked Sea appears to j by a sort of instinct; the certainty of his be thirty-two feet higher than the Medi i aim might pass into a proverb, and the tcrraneau, and the Gulf of Mexico is ! next moment the hand has descended, ' twenty-feet higher than the Pacific. and the Perote is twiddling his finger About thirty Iresh water springs are and thumb with tranquil satisfaction, and discovered under the sea, on the south of has resumed his occupation, be it what it , the Persian Gulf. may. lie would stop to catch a flea, on : The Mediterranean makes a tide of on his way to be hanged or to be married. ly one or two feet. He must have missed appointment, lost : The Caspian is 300 feet lower than the fortunes, by the habit; but is engrafted in Baltic and 345 lower than the Buxine. his nature, and is unconquerable. No certain theory is formed on the I have gone into rooms where fleas lay cause of earth-quakes; but the most gen thick as dust upon the floor, and each of oral and rational, ascribe them to steam my steps nust have killed hundreds of and the force of gasses formed by the them; but if I ever ventured to express the smallest uistate upon the occasion, 1 became as incomprehensible to the men - . -m m T 1 of rera, as if 1 had told a Diiinese 1 dis- liked a stewed do They will even argue the point with you, if you press them closely, and main- tain that the flea is like the elder Mira- beau the friend of men. They will tell you that fleas keep up an irritation on the skin which is highly beneficial in a hot country, and prevents the accumulation of morbid humors. On my remonstrat- ing also with an hotel waiter about find- iug them constantly in the bread (some baked and some alive), that individual, who spoke all the languages of the world in bad French, assured me the baker had a superstition about them, and thought them lucky! Pumping him with a light hand, I found he was not quite free from the same idea himself, and that it obtaius generally throughout the country. He ?aid that to alley the irritation they occasioned, was at all times a pleasing oc cupation; that it was to be remarked, uo flea ever bit a man in a dangerous place, or injured his eyes, or his ear, or opened an artery; therefore fleas were the friends of men. Ho did not know nor do I what many of the Perote gentlemen would do if it were not for the unfailing enter tainment supplied by fleas. lie believed they kept people who had nothing to do, out of mischief. lie said tbat the courte ous catching of a flea upon the person of another offered a frequent and pleasant opportunity of commencing a conversa tion or begining an acquaintance. That acquaintances so formed had often ripen ed into warm and lasting friendships. He had even known more than ono in stance of Perote marriages brought by a cheerful and inoffensive gallantry of this kind. Ho was much surprised at the un justifiable anger of an English lady at dinner, upon whos3 shoulder ho had suc ceeded in catchins a flea bv an adroit movement of his left hand while his right was occupied in presenting her a .dish of kid stuffed with chesputs. bhe screamed. and her gentleman threatened to horse- I 1 h i w P . im' lie confessed his feelings wnrn linrfc nnrl his rnjisnn confounded bv i this behaviour on the part of my country people. No Perote lady would h;vvej""ve a nail into a certain post whenever raised her eyes from her plate during ho committed a fault, and agreed that a , such an occurrence. I flail should be drawn out whenever he I I eudeavoured to soothe him by say-! , . , T - , .,.,.'.' .corrected an error. In the procoss or ing we were a people who lived in an in- . 1 clement climate, and to whom, therefore, , t,U10 tbo Post was completely filled with the utility of the flea was comparatively unknowon; but he would not credit it. Ud not bring his mind to bear all cnfc of hig nd3cretons, and set about re j on a-fact which appeared to him 1 c i m arkable. I was like the Christian , forrmuo One by one the nails were v. . - nt once so rem knight who told an African king that ho r, . , ,. ,en ,-tvfnntaA v cm 1 f .... , j . flT niir PI V Ar.i 111 WinLKr! fill f 1 WilO WHS 1 III - v " ; - were reposing together on the linen cover of a sofa, lie began by rousing them I into flight with the golden point of his j T fat, hut thcscars arc thcrc pencil, and then pursued them in a state !,.,, of the liveliest excitement for some min-js"f ' utcs. lie had a lon white beard, and! Parents who would have their children was a man of an august presence.) At grow to sound and healthy characters, I lAnTfli Im run rlnwn Ins rrnmn. ntul t:ikinrrl . them in the usual way b ctween his finger 1 1 r i i lL j pil)0.stick of a brother sportsman, who spontaneously for the purpose. In the mosques, in the market-place, in tho palace by the sweet cool sea-side, and in in nn (Tiin k-m :na in flm nrf inf anlfrtr town wherever there is a Perote there is a flea, and the Perote's greatest de light is to capture it. A Chapter of Curious Factg. A lead wire, the thirteenth of an inch, sustains 28 lbs. A tin wire, the thirteenth of an inch, sustains 34.7 lbs. Gun metal is 12 lbs. of tin and 100 lbs. of cop"per. The emerald is ranked among the gems, but is found only in- Peru. It is green, harder than quartz, aud always in crystal. Oriental emerald is a green sapphire. The European mountains consists of primitive and transition rocks. The surface of the earth is 190,862, 253 square miles; and its soldity is 250, 920.935,415 cubic miles. The sea is to the land, in round millions of square miles, as 100 to 40, or 4 to 1. The narrowest part of the Atlantic is more than two miles deep. In other parts, about one and a half miles. Rounded pebbles arc broken fragments of rocks, rendered smooth by mutual at- tritions. in Ions tiiue. bv water and tides water and metalic oxydes. Fourteen earthquakes,tn different parts of the globe, were recorded in 1827, and I . " 1 ' pernaps tins is an average numoer. The Sandwich Islands arc volcanic. Count Rumford, by boring a cannon, J within waterso heated it by the friction, ; that he made it boil, aud actually boiled a piece of beef in it. I Four pounds of beef loses one pound j j by boiling; one pound five ounces by: ; roasting, and one pound three ounces by j baking. Four pounds of mutton loses ; fourteen ounces by boiling; one pound six 'ounces by roasting, and one pound four ounces by baking Lamps were used by the ancients, and candles were an invention of the middle ages. At first, wicks were made of hemp, papyrus, and the pith of rushes, Ox and sheep tallow is now prelerreu. Animals die if their vital temperature is increased one-twelfth. Melted snow produces about one-eigth of its bulk of water; hence snow two feetjE;ouao me cntlemen I csouso oniv lho deep produces three inches of water wnen r . ae and the timc whcu tho"du,t thawed. flic In Cornwall, certain steam engines j 0 lovo our native land wo honor her have lifted forty million pounds, onofl and j. would not rob the Cu,tom foot, with ono bushel of coal; and one at 1T ipn , , n f . T, , r. Wheel Towan lifted sixty-two millions; must uo fcpufc on ai rs or wo wm w;th an eighty inch cylinder 'hike charge of the Custom House and Wfifor sjit.nrnfrtfi with mtrfl lOKfiS 17 CIG- . 11 n ftrnnc nP linnf- nnil with nitr.'ifo nf fttlimo-1 &.v. w , , - nia 46 degces of heat. All solid bodies become luminous 800 degrees. at extreme com prouucea me .uu v- ception on the skin as great heat. hen mercury is frozen at 40 degreess below zero, the sensation is the same as that ot touching red-hot iron. Acids combined with water, condense it aud produce heat. Eggs are hatched at lOddegivcs of heat, The coldest hour of the twenty-four is -in i ..y i i nveiutno morning, ana uie waning - v, irom two or inrcu in luu uuui uuuu n . . . i a i .... ii. n i The mean beat is from half-past eight to half-. ' past nine. Tin reatest rane is in July, illlU bllW I'. iW ill il.KHUW-V4 it 511 alters of Gold. A father, whose son was addicted to , S0Ule vicIs propensities, bade the boy nails. The youth became alarmed at the ox icntor ins inaiscretions, ana set aoout re ! drawn out; the delighted father commend- 'oil !;, fn,. M.ln tnF.Attnv;n l,nr. i. . . : f tent it frnmnv ninsn f fpAin hie -r.nilfa , iJiiJ j 1 LX 11 Vivl A 1 U1J iUUiWwi 'They are all drawn out,', said the pa rent. The boy looked sad, and there was a whole volome of practical wisdom in his sadness. With a heavy heart he replied: i ii. i t. !..., n... nnn r.m .n fYinn itable associations can rerorm tho man, and perhaps make him a useful member of society; but, alas! the scars are there. The reformed drunkard, gambler or thief . is oujy t1G wreck 0f the man he once was; he is covered with scars dishonorable scars which will disfigure his character as long as he lives. A Slump Speech. The following specimen of quaint hu mor wc find in one of our exchanges, un der the head of 'California Correspond ence.' They purport to have been deliv ered by a stump candidate at San Fran cisco : Fellow Republicans and fellow sufferers : I am a plain and honest man, born at an early period of my ex istence which great event occured at home one night while my mother was out. I have struggled from the obscurity to which an unlucky star had doomed me, till I have risen like a bright exhalation in the evening, to the very summit of hu man greatness and grandeur. Gentlemen 1 profess no principles unfortunately, I have none. On the unhappy occasion of my birth, a dismal and raelancholly man, clothed in the sombre hues of mourning, swapped me away for another baby, and subsequently lost me at a raffle. Sad event! But who can control his fate? We are the creatures of destiny there is a divinity that shapes our ends, hew them how we will. I was intended by nature for a great states man. Had Hived in the days of Hanni bal, I should have beaten the great chief tain in crossing the Alps, and it is a dead certatn thing, that I could have dis tanced Cortez in crossing the Isthmus He never performed the feats I did; he never oatne up the Chagres river in a ca noo, with a deaf and dumb -homre,' with out a red cent, or a change of summer ap parel. "But a light heart aud a thin pair of breeches, goes merrily through the world.' Sir, every man who has come here is a Columbus! I was, aud I have come here to strike a new vein. But I am not going to the mines! On, no!- You don't catch me up to my waist in ice-water, with a juvenile pick-axe and an incipant crowbar, laboring under a heat of one hundred degrees in the shade to dig out the filthy lucre. No, sir? I am not in that lay. I hate labor it was an invention to vex mankind. I prefer an office one that is lucrative aud not laborious; what you call a sinecure. And if I cannot get one m3self, will go in for any man who will divide on the dead lev el, and no splits. Sir, where will you find a country like this? Talk not of oriental gorgeousness of Eastern countries. Tell us not of the fairy scenery which poets, who revel in the warm path of heavenly imagination paint with golden pens, on leaves of satin. The description of this beautiful country should be written with the golden wand of an angol dipped in the sofest rays of the sunbeam upon the blush- 112 and delicate surface of a rose leaf. Pnjf. Offioo nnrl nnl.-rt n mtis rrp.nnrnllv .... ' .. t. im neae ;ire mv sentiments, gentlemen, it - - . icp ' iln j1.l- rwlt i. mfn flirt TTmMi Tttn f.1 1 1 Lllcj uuil i uuuui i iit'J tin, kj miuii, )i nni burst open the Custom Hou:$e and admit jail liquors free of duty. And now, with a . blearing upon the girls we left an( tjfl b CQmi win and uke ft ,,.:'. .,,, 7 , , , A dro11 foll-7 who M a wootlcn ls being in company with a man who was somewhat credulous, the latter asked the former how he came to have a wooden leg. 'Why,' said he, my father had one, a 11(1 so 1,a(- IUJ grandfather, bofore mc; it runs in the blood.' 'rlnt Coughing in Consumption The Herald of July 10th, states that during the week preceding, fifty persou3j Depth for Burying' Manure died of the consumption in N. York city, j Men are divided as to the proper depth Per co7itai gentleman called upon us. of burying manure. Some hold that is yesterday, who actually escaped from the sinks in the soil, is washed downward bit fangs of this disease some years ago, and thp leaching raius, and should therefory wc are induced to present the circum5- "be applied near or at the surface. Othcre stances : (assert that its volatile and most valuablo "You speak of coughing considerably. 'parts rise by fermentation, and that con Let me suggest to you the query, wheth-scquently it should be buried deep. Now er this is not unnecessary and injuridus. it usually happens when doctors disagree I have long been satisfied, from experi- that both are partly right and partly euee and observation, that much of the J wrong; but iu the present instance they, coughing which precedes and attends con- are both a little in the right, ard a great sumption is voluntary. Several years a-'deal in the wrong. go I boarded with a man who was in tho Manure usually stays ycry nearly incipient stages of consumption. I slept j where it is put. If burricd near the sur in a chamber over his bed-room and was face, it remains near thesurface;if buried obliged to hear him cough continually j deep, there it remains; if plowed under distressingly. I endured the annoyance, in large lumps, it has but little power to night after night, till it led me to reflect rise, sink, or in any other way to inter whether something could not be done to! mix itself, and hence the reason that stop it. I watched the sound which the! thorough pulverization or harrowing be man made, and observed that he evident- j fore manure is turned under gives a re ly made voluntary efforts to cough. 'suit in large crops. After this, I made experiments upon my- The power which clay has to absorb self from coughing, sneezing, gaping, fcc.,the fertilizing portions of manure, is very in case of the strongest propensity to j great. Soils which possess a mediuni a these acts, by a strenuons eflbrt of thej mount of clay, or loam, with a medium will. Then I reflected that coughing degree of tenacity, will abaorb all that is must be injurious and irritating to the. valuable in ordinary yard manure, equal delicate organ3 that arc concerned in it, to nearly their own bulk. Forty loads especially when they are in a diseased of manure to the acre, form a heavy coat state. What can be worse for ulcerated' ing; yet this is only one load to four bronchia, or lungs, than the violent square rods, constituting a depth, wheu wrenching of a couh? It must be worse spread, of only one-third of an inch. than speaking A sore on any part ot, the body, if it is constantly kept open by violent usage, or made raw again by a confusion iust wheu it is hcalimr, and of course begins to itch,) will grow worse, jsorbed by the soil. Hence the error of and end in death. Certainly, then a sore j supposing that they can possibly, in or on the luns, may be expected to termi- diuary soils, rise or sink to any practica- nate fatally, if it is constantly irritated, and never suffered to heal; and this, it seems to us, just what coughing does for it. On the strength of such considera-J tions as these, I made bold to ask the man if he could not stop coughing. He answered no I told him what I thought about it as above He acreed to make a trial, and on doing so, he found to his surprise, that he could suppress his cough, almost entirely. The power of hi3 will over it increased as he exercised it, and in a few days he was mostly rid of the dis position to cough. His health at the same time evidently improved, and when wc last saw him, he was in strong hopes of getting out of death's hands.' This occurred eighteen years ago, and the man comes round now, an active bus iness man, avering that he has not had a sick day since. ,4, A Bcautifii! Idea. I cannot believe that the earth is mans abiding place. It cannot be that our life i3 cast up by the ocean of eternity to float for a moment on its waves and sink to nothingness! Else why is it that the glorious aspirations which leap like an gels from the temple of our hearts, are forever waudenuir about unsatisfied : 2 Why is it that the rainbow and the cloud come over us with a beauty that is not of earth, then pass off and leave us to muse upon their faded loveliness? Why is it that tho stars who hold their festivals a round the midnight throne are sent above the grasp of limited facilities, forever mocking us with their unapproaching glory? And finally, why is it the bright forms of human beauty are presented to our view and then taken from us, leaving the thousand streams of .our affections to flow back iu Alpine torrents upon the heart? We are born for a higher world than that of the earth; there is a realm where raiubows never fade where the stars will be out before us, like islets that slumbers on the ocean; and where the be iugs that pass before us like shadovs,will stay in our presence forever. Diabolical Calumny. Tho fellow who penned the following which wc copy from a New-York paper ought to be chased by a whole regiment of Jersey girls, with red-hot pokers, un til compelled to seek protection nine feet eleven inches up the North Pole, with the knots all tritned off, and greased, at that: 'It is said that the Jersey girls and Jersey horses arc very unlike for a won der! The horses are shy and skittish, and hard to catch; but the girls are as tame as kittens, and as bold as lion. They flock round a fellow- like sheep round a salt trough, and have to be driv en off with clubs.' Extraordinary Geological Diseov erifs. In the course of the proceedings of the German Associations for the advance ment of Science, lately held at Tubiu-j Til f . 1 . . ' ren, Froiessor Ivaruat announced that Germany had coal enough to supply her- tion of company, if they would avoid b tself and the rest of the world for the next com im like those who enter prisons lor five hundred jcars. The great fact elic-1 their crimes: ited the clearing up of the mystery of the 1. Those who ridicule their parsnt or fossie human teeth found in the Swabiau ' disobey their commands. Alps, in strata of the mammoth period. ;1 2. Those who profane the Sabbath or and doubts expressed as to their being scoff at religion. human teeth, a man was not believed to j 0. Those who use profane or filthy Ian have existed in the time of the mommoth. guagc. Since the meeting in 1S52, a number of, 4. Those who are unfaithful, play tru- perfect human skulls have been found iu ant and waste their timc in idleness the same locality, with teeth in them,' 5. Those -who are of a quarrelsome which discovery, if correctly reported, temper; and who aro apt to got iu dif- would naturally lead to the conclusion Acuities with others. that a riicoof human beings was in exist-1 0. Those who aro addicted to lying ence cotcmporaneously with the mastodon and other of the larger autodiluvian ani- tnals. Agricultural. Consequently, wncn a coating oi xorty loads to the acre is plowed under, the volatile parts have only to pass one-third '.of an inch or bo, before they are all ab- Jble depth. And hence also, the great importance of mixing manures very inti mately through all parts of the soil, if plants aro to get their full benefit, and -not be over ted at one part ot tnc roots i and starved at another. I here are many proots ot the correct ness of the position here taken. We have made large piles of compost, consisting or one third ncu stable manure, and two thirds of loam and turf, yet all the odor was completely retained, and not the slighest portion passing off could be per ceived by the smell. We have buried large dead animals with a coating of only sixlnches of loam; not the faintest indi cation of the decomposition below ever reached the surface. On the other hand, the soil which forms the bottom of ma nure yards, is not found even within a few inches of the surface to be at all en riched by the piles of fertility which rest upon it. The true rule for burying mauure, is to place it just at such depth in the soil aa the roots of the crop usually extend, which will vary with different plants. Some of the grasses, for instance, form a turf very near the surface, and hence an autumn top-dressing will soak in enough to benefit them essentially. Clover roots run deeper, and thi3 crop is consequently but little benefitted by top dressings when of much size, except so far as they ope rate in keeping the surface moist. The roots of fruit trees arc still deeper, and they derive but little advantage, except from manures well spaded or worked iu. They however possess an important ad vantage over annuals and perennial root ed plants; by continuing in growth for successive years, those root3 which hap pen to run into the region of fertility, soon throw out numerous fibres, and se cure an amount of nourishment, of which aunual plants, in consequence of their more limited powers of extension, are not able to avail themselves. There are, however, not many crops which do not need the full depth afforded by ordinary plowing; aud hence the best practice for nearly all kinds of culture, in to spread the manure well, harrow it most thoroughly, in order to break it as finely as possible, and at the same time to mix it intimately with the surface; then turn it under by ordinary plowing, and the lower half of the inverted earth will fur nish a thoroughly enriched bed for tho roots to penetrate. If a greater depth of ferlility is needed than ordinary plowing affords, the coat of harrowed manure may be thrown under ten or twelve inches by menus of a double mould board or Michi gan plow; and then another coat of ma nure spread, harrowed, and plowed un der by a light or gang-plow. The young plants of the crop are thrown rapidly for ward by the upper stratum of manure, aud at a later stage of growth, are equal ly stimulated by the lower stratum Cul tivator. Boy. Boys are admonished by a sensible wri- ter to beware ot the ioiiouug uuaunp- and stealing. 7. Those who take plertsura in tcrtur m' annuals nuu ineauw, i ; 4 4, ft "X. I AC? i i