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THUESDAY, APRIL 18, 1861. 07 On the outside of this paper will be found the reasons that induced certain Dum ocrnts to ote fur the commutation of the Tonnage tux. and also for the relief of the Suuhury and Erie Railroad Company. We think the reasons nssigned by thosr Democrats arc sound, and ought to be sulfi cienl to satisfy any reasonable, intelligent person who comprehends the matter, that they have faithfully represented the interests of the State, in voting1 for those measures. The Adjutant General of Penn Bjlvania, has isued his orders to the sev eral Division officers of the State, to res pond to the call of the President upon the Governor for sixteen Regiments. Gen. liurnet, as will bo seen by Bri gade Orders, this day published, is pla oiiig bis Brigade in readiness. We trust there will be a prompt and hearty response to the Gencrl's call. The Government must be sustained, and it is the part of every good and loyal citizen, to bold his love of country iu the iaot sacred corner of his heart, aud cheerfully sacrifice every other consideration, when that country is men a cod by foes from without or within; anJ rally to the sup port of the Coutitutiou aud the enforce ment of the laws. 07" In another column will be found an advertisement of Smith: & Unoiwiit. sole manufacturers of various and novel styles of Neck Tie. These gentlemen sell only, to wholesale dealers, or jobbers. Country mer chants can order their goods of any Jobbing House. We would call special attention to the advertisement. The specimens of Neck Tie that we have seen, are chaste, neat, elegant, and conven ient; a decided improvement on any thing of the kind that we have seen. 07 Francis Lill was lodged in the Coun ty Jail on Monday night, committed, on a charge of assault and battery with intent to kill, one Peter Rernhart. Bernhart was stab bod twice we leheve, once in the thigh and once in the groin, and is iu a very dmigerous condition. The President has issued a proclama tion for 7o,000 men. The quota required ol each Slate is as follows : Maine 1 regiment, New-Hampshire 1, Ver mont 1, Rhode Island 1, Connecticut I, Del aware 1, .Arkansas 1,. Michigan 1, Wijcon tdn 1, Iowa 1, Minnesota 1, Massachusetts 2, North Carolina J, Tennessee 2, New York 17, Pennsylvania 16, Ohio 13, New J.-rsey 4. Maryland 4, Kentucky 4, Missouri 4, Il linois 6, Indiana 6, Virginia 3. Each Regiment is to consist on an aggre gate of officers and men of ISO, making a to tal thus to be called out of 73,301. the re mainder of the 75,000 men will come from the District of Columbia. Hon. John Coynde has offered Gov. Curtin .$10,000 of the loan authorized by Pennsyl vania, to arm and equip the troops ordered by that State. A delegation of Pittsburg mer chants have made a similar tender. The B.iy State, the firt in the field. The Governor of Massachusetts in a laconic dis patch to the President has stated that the quota of that State is ready, ami asked how they would have them, lie was told to send them on by Rail. Gov. Sprague of Rhode Island has tender ed a Regiment. The Secretary of War re quested him to send them on immediately, to Washington. The department has received a telegraphic dispatch from Gov. Magoffin ol Kentucky, refusing any assistance from that State, ogaiust the seceded Slates. Secrcturv Toombs has received a dispatch from Senator Breckinridge, and Gov. Magot fin, saying that Kentucky is greatly excited. and sympathises entirely with South Caroli na, and that 7,000 men of the Border Stales are under arms to move at a moments notice upon the order of the War department at Montgomery. It is said that Martial law has been pro. claimed in lhe District of Columbia. Mayor Benry of Philadelphia has tendered the Government his services as Colonel of a regiment. The feeling iu Philadelphia.and New York is intense in support of the Ad ministration. Men expressing secession sen t intents are assailed by excited mobs, and justly compelled to flee fur their lives. Wall street is unanimous in sunport of the Government; " even men who have hitherto been with the South, say that now it is the duty of every citizen, burying all past polit teal .differences, to rally to the maintenance of the law and Government, tmd the anihila lion of rebellion and treason. Offers of men and monev from all ouarters are pouring in V A w iu to the department. IF A Cure for Hydrophobia, comes to us from across the water. A Saxon forester, named Gastell, now of the ven erablo of eighty-two, unwilling to take to the grove with bim a secret of so much importance, has made public in the L-ip tic Journal the means which he has u-ed for Gfty year, and wherewith he afiirajr he has rescued many buoiau beings and cattle from tbe fearful death of hydropho bia. ' Take immediately warm vinegar or tepid water, wash the wound clean therewith, and then dry it; then pour up-on-the wound a few drops of hydrochlo ric, acid, because tuiueral acids dcstr2 the poison of the saliva; by which weans the latter id neutralized. Mfi bcciimv Fire opened on Fori Sumter. Anderson reluming tltc Fire The Fori inflames Its guns silenced Surrender of Hi Fort and Garrison Tic Port of Cluirleiton to be blockaded Rebel State Mail to be withdrawn TheGarrison aoins to New York 75.000 Militia called for An extra session of Congress Charleston, Firday, April 12, 1801. Gifil war has at last begun. A terri ble fight is at this moment going on be tweeu Fort Sumter aud tho fortification by which it is surrouuded. The i-uc was submitted to Major An derson of surrendering, or of having a fire opened on him within a certain time 1 bis he rcfu-ed to do, and, according ly, at 27 minutes past 4 o'clock tbi morning Fort Moultrie began tho bom nardtLcnt by bring two guns. lo ttiest Major Anderson replied with three of hi? r-arbetto gun?, after which the battury on Mount Pleasant, Cutuuiing'a Point; am! the Floating Battery, opened a brisk fire of shot and sh 11. Major Anderson did not reply, except at long intervals, uutil betweeti 7 and h o'clock, wheu he brought into action tb to tier of L'uns lookiug toward Fort "3 rJ Moultrie and Stcveu's Iron Battery. Up to thi- hour 3 o'clock they have failed to produce any serious efhet. Dispatches received at headquarter from the various forts report that all i joio on admirably, aud uo men hurt. .'.ajor Anderson has the grrater part of tho day teen directing hi- lire pnnei pally a-aiu?:t Fort Moultrie, the Steven- and Floating liHtlcry, these and bort Johnson teiu the only five operating a gainst him. The remainder of the b&tte ries are held iu reserve. Some Gfteeu or eighteen phots have -truek the floating battery, but made not the slightest impre-sion upon their iron caseu slues. ine oieen Dain-ry is ai so emiuently Micee.s-ful, aud does terrible execution on tort Sumter. Breaches, to all appcaranae, ore being made iu the several sides exposed to fire Portions of the parapet have been do troved. auc several ot tue gun tuere mounted have beeu shot away. Mij Anderson is at preseut using bi- cacments ordnauee. The fight is goiug on with intense earnestness, and will continue all night. It is not ia.probablo that the fort will be carried by storm. The soldier- are perfectly reckless o their lives, and at every shot jump upon the ramparts, and theu jump dowu cbetr ,uor- A party on the Stevens battery are "aid to have played a game of tho hot test fire. The excitement in the community i indescribable. With the very first booiu of tbo !?uu thousands rushed from their beds to the harbor front, aud all day ev ery available place has beeu thronged ty ladies and gentlemen, viewing the oleum -pettaele through their glasses. Mo-t ol these have relatives in the several fortifi cation-, and mauy a tearful eye attested j the anxious n flection of the mother, wife. and sifter, but not a murmur came from a fingle individual. Five thousaud ladies stand ready to day to re.-pond to any sacrifice that-may be required of them. The brilliant aud patriotio conduct of Major Auder-on speaks lor itself, aud iloifCes the atta.-k- lately made at the North upon his character aud patriot im. Business is entirely suspended. Onlj tho-e stores open necefsarj to supply ar tides required by the nrmy Governor Pick-us has all day been iu the residence of a geutlccuan who com mauds a vi-w of tbe whole scene a mot interested observer. Geu. Beauregard coataa:jdP in person tbe entire opera tions, aud thus fur they have moved with the utmost -ytetu and success. It is reported that the Harriet Lane has received 0 shot through her wheel house. She is in the ofSiog. No other iiovernmeut ships iu Mgbt up to tbe pre sent moiucnt, but should they appear the eutire range of batteries will opcu upoi them Troops are pouring into the town by hundreds, but are held in re-erve for the prct-eut, tLe force already ca tbe i-laud being ample. Ptoplo arc alo arriving every moment on hor.eback and by every other cooreyauoe. Withiu ad area o' fifty miles, xvhero the thuuder of the ar tillery cuu be beard, the tscene is magui ficeutly terrible. Charleston. Friday, April 12 6 p.m. Capt R S. Parker brings dipatcbe 'roui the Floating Battery, utatiu that. up to this time, only two have been Rouudcd ou SullivanV Icdaud. Je bad to row "through Major Anderson's warm est fire in a mali boat. Senator Wifall in same manner bore di-patches to Morris Iland, through tht fire from Fort Sumter. Senator Chenut, another member of the staff of G iu Beauregard, fired a gun by way of Bmuemeut, from Mount Piea-saut, which made a large hole iu the parapet. Quite a number have teen struck by ppeut pieces of shell and knocked down, but uoue hurt seriously. Many frag ments of these missiles are already circu ating iu tbe city. The range is more perfect than in th morning, and every shot from the laud tell-. Throe ship sre vi-iblo in the offing. and it is believed an attempt will be made to oight to throw re-eoforcements into Fort Sumter in small boats. It is also thought, from the regular and frequent firing of Mjor Anderson, that he ha a much larger forre of men than was supposed. At any ate, he is fighting bravely. There have been two rain btorms dur iog the day, but without effect upoo the battle. !l I :: 4 Everybody is in a ferment. Some, of those fighting are stripped to the waist. PROM MONTGOMERY. Special Dispatch to The N. Y. Tribune. Montgomery, Friday, April, 12, 1361, Di-patcbes from Cbarlefcton, dated 6 o'clook this evening, state that the bom bardment of Fort Sumter contiuued ac lively. Tho Confederate States' batteries, including the Boating battery, performed admirably. The opinion was that Fort Sumter will uocumb to-morrow. Th relief fleet was signalled outside. G.N. S Charleston, Sat., April 13-10:30 a. w At intervals of twenty minutes the fi ring was kept up all night on Fort Sumter. Mjjjor Audersoo ceased firing from Fortumter at 6 o clock in the evening All niuht he was engaged iu ri-pairing damagca and protecting the barbette gun ou tho top of the fort. He begu to re turn fire at 7 o'clock this morning Fort Sumter seems to begreatly disa bled. u J o it creat damage At!) o'clock this morning a denso smoke poured from Fort Sumter, The Federal flag is at half mast, sig I- .1: . The shelU from Fort Moultrie and the batteries on Morris Island fall into Ma- , . 11.1 I j t . or Anderson's strouhold thick aud fast. J , , 1 . lL r and thev can be seen iu their course from the Charleston Battery. j Three vessels, one of them a large sized steamer, are over the bar, and t-ccm to be nreiiariujr to participate in the conflict TI,o fir f Alnr.U T-lnnd and Fort Mnnltrin i diwidd between Fort tuiiter aud the s-hins-of war. The shioi ba'.e eot, as yet, opened fire. LATEIt An explosion occurred at Fort Surtter, a deuse volume of smoke ascending. iMajor AndT"on cca.-ed to lire lor aoul an hour. Hi Bag is still up. It is thought the officers' quarters in Fort bumter are 00 fire. Charleston, Saturdny, April 13 12 m. TK, slnn in tlm nffino ar.nenr to be nim tlv at anchor. Thev have not fired a gun yet. The entire roof of the barracks at Fort Sumter is in a vast sheet ot fl:ime. Moultrie are bur.-tini! in and over Fort Sumter iu ouick sueee.-sion. The Federal fla2 still waves. Maj Anderson is only occupied in put- tint' out fire. Every ot on Fort Sumter now seems to fell heavilv. . The people are anxiou-lv looking for j Mai. Anderrou to stiike his flag. Charleston. Saturday, April 13-p. m. . . J. VVU Ul iUilJUl .1UUUI9UU 3 Uiild.lUC: have exploded, Only occasional shots are fired at htm from Fort Moultrie. Tbe Morris Island Battery is doing heavy work. It is thought that only the smaller magazines have exploded. j tie greate-t excitement, prevails. J ue t t i rr wharves, steeples, and every available j place arc packed with people. The United fctates ships are in the of fing, but have not aided Major Audor.-on. f i ii it is too late now to come over tuo bar, as the tide is ebbing. Charleston, April 13 Evening. Mai Anderson has surrendered, after lard lighting, commencing at 4i o'clock ve-terday moruinj. aud continuing until " fcj' i 5 minutes to 1 o'clock to-dav. 1 he American Qij has given place to the Palmetto of South Carolina. You have received my previous dis- patches concerning tbe fire and the shoot- in" away of tbe flagstaff. The latter e- vent is due to Fort Moultrie, as well as the burning of tbe fort, which resulted from one of the hot sboU hred iu tat moi mug. During the conflagration. Gen. Beau regard seut a boat to Major Anderson, with offers of assistance, the bearers be ing Cols. W. P. Miles, and lloer Pry or oi irginia, anu xee. jut neioro ii rl;. IT I). i r ?. ,..rtl..wl I.!... a.... f 1....J V raised. Another boat then put off. cou a taining ex Gov. Manning, Major D. K Jones, aud Col. Charles AlUton, to er range the teruin of surrender, which were the same as those offered ou the 11th inst i'heoe were official. Thev stated that all proper facilities would be afforded for the removal ol Major Anderson aud his com maud, together with the company arms and property, and all private property. to any po-t in the United Slates he might elect. I he terms were not, therefore, unconditional. Major Andereon stated that he surren- dcrea his sword to General Beauregard as tho representative of the Confederate Government. General Beaujogard said he would not receive it from so brave a man. Ue says Major Andersou made a stauch ught, aud elevated himself in the estimation of every true Caroliuiau. lhe scene in tbe city after the raiding of tbe flag of truce and the surreuder is indescribable; the people were perfect) i wild. wen ou horseback rode through ibe streets proclaiming the news, amid the grcate-t eutbusiusui. Un tbe arrival of the officers from the fort, they were marched through the strtts, followed by an immense crowd; hurrahing, shouting, and yelling with ex citement. Several fire companies were immcdi- ately seut down to Fort Sumpter to put out the fire, and auy amount of assistance was ottered I A rex'ment of 900 men has just arrived froij the interior, aud has been ordered to Morris Island, in view of an attack from the fleet, which may be attempted to night. Six vessels are reported off the bar, but the utmost indignation is expressed a gainst them for not eon iug'to the assi- tauce of Major Anderson wheu 'he made signals of distress. The soldiers on Morris Island jumped on .the guns, every bot they received from Foit Suiter while thus disabled, and ;ave three- cheers for Major Anderson and three groans for the fleet. ' ' The flames have detrojed everything. Both officers" and soldiers were obliged to lay on their faces in tbe caseKcuts to prevent suffocation. The eaplosions beard in tho city were from small piles of shell, which ignited from the heat. Tbe effect of tho shot upon tbe fort was tremeudous. Tbe walls were battered in hundreds of places; but no breach was made. In all, two thousand thots havo been fired. No Caroliuiaus killed. Major Andersou and his men, under auard, were convescd to Morris ilond. The bells are riniug out a merry peal, and our people are engaged in every de monstration of joy. It is estimated that there are nine thou !-and men under arms on the islands and in tbe neinhborbood. 1 hive Keen W. Porcher Miles, who has just returned from a visit to Fort Sumter, fie assured ze that no one was is reliable. i ,a ri.t nil nt'oriniw ri'norts about uu k -.. r .-r Sutlter. Major fVnderson has reached the city and is the "uest of Gen. lieauregard. A boat from one of the vosel outside the uarbor cor mun.cated .th Gen St. 'oa.rn.nd of the forces on Lor- ns Inland and made a request that one ot "a 1 ,JUU JUU fc H tho steamers be allowed to enter tu port l"u BU . r for the purpose of taking away Major An derson and hi command. An arrange mcnt ua agreed upon by the parties to -lay all proceeding until 0 octock to morrow Major Anderson exnressed him-cll uiuch pleased that no lives had been sac rificed, and savs that to Providence alone i- to be attributed the bloodless victory He compliments the firing of the Oaroli nians, aud the large number of exploded L,ulls su arouud attests their effective LCS:!i Tbe number of soldiers in the fort was aoout seventy, besides twenty-G e worl men, who assiated at the tuns. His ttock of proviion wns almo-t exhau-ted, bow- ever. He would have been starved out m two more days. The bells have been chiming all day. guns firing, ladies waving handkerchief-, people cheering, aud eitizeus making themselves ffenerallv demonstrative. It h" regarded as the greatest day in Ue history of South Carolina Within Fort Sumter, evcrj thing but the casement-is an utter ruin. The whole thing looks like a biacKeuea ma?s ol ruin-. M any of the guns are di-mounted. J he -lde opposite the iron battery 0 Uum . . : . uaug s roiot is tlie Uardert Uealt nun The rifled cannon from this place played 'rc h,avo,?, wilbt Fof r; TJ wall boks like a houevcomb. iNear tbe top is a breach as big as a cart. 1 h -ide opposite Fort Moultrie is honey combed extensively, as is that oppo site the floating battery. Fort Moultrie is badly damaged. The officers' quarters and oarraeks are torn to pieces The frame houses on the ir-I ind are ridled with .-hot in money intau ees, and whole sides of Louses arc torn out. The fire in Fort Sumter was put out and recauiht three times during tho day Dr. Crawford, Major Anderson's sur geon, is slightly wounded iu the face. None of the Curolinian are injured. It is not knowu whvu the Carolinians will ooeupy Fort Sumter, what is to be 'iOne with tbe vanquished. . . . Major Andersou and Lis men leave to- night in the steamer Isabel at 1 1 o clock tor New-1 orK I he fleet is still outside It was a thrilling sceue when Major Anderson aud his men took their form leave of Fort Sumter. Important Speech of the President to the Virginia Commissioners. Washington, Saturday, April 13, 1S61 The reception of tho Virginia Com mis siouers yesterday was only informal. To-day they were formally received. Fliey presented the resolutions under , . . , WUICU IUBV Ul.J.UIIJICU. coin to the Commi-sioncrs from the Yir ginia State Convention : To tbo Hon. Messrs. Peston, Stuart, and Randolph : Gentleman: A a Coitnitteo of the Virginia Convention, now in fessiou, you present me a preamble and resolution in thc - e words: Whereas, In the opinion of this Con voution, the uncertainty which prevails iu the public mind as to tbe policy which the Federal Executive intcuds to pur-ue. toward the seceded States, is extremely injurious to tho industrial and oomtaer oial iutercrtc.of the country, tend to keep up un excitement which K unfavorable to the adjustmeut of the penuiug difficulties aud threatens a disturbance of tbe public peace ; therefore. Resolved. That a Committee of Three Delegates be unpointed to wait on the Presideut of the United States, present to htm this preamtle and respectfully ok him to eoaimunicato to this Convention the policy whioh tho Federal Executive intend to nursuo in regard to the Cou- federate States. In answer I have to say. that having at tbe begiuuin of my official term expruss ed my intended policy as plaiuly as I was uble. it is with deen reyietand mnrtifiivi. lion I now learn that thero is great and injurious uncertainty iu the public mini! as to what that policy is, and what course intend to nursuo. Not bavinr an vet seen occa-ion to chango, it is now my purpose to pur-ue the course marked out in the Inaugural Address; I commend a careful consideration of the whole doo ument us tbe bet expres-ion I oan give to my purposes. As I then said, I now repeat, "The power confided in me will be used to hold,-occupy, and pos-ess prop erty and places belpngiul to the Govern ment, and to collect' the duties and im- ports; but beyond what is necessary for these jobjeota there will be no invasion, no usiotf of forao'agoiost or amoog the people anywhere." By the words "prop erty and placos belonging to the Govern ment," I chiefly allude to the military posts and property which were in posses sion of the Government when it oamo in to my hands. But if, as now appears to be true, in pursuit of a purpose to drive the United iStates authority from these places, an unprovoked assault has been made upon Fort Sumter. I shall hold my self at liberty to repossess it, if I can, like placet which bad been seized before the Government was devolved upon me; and iu auy evcut I shall, to the best of my abil ity. repel force by force. Iu case it proves true that Fort Sumter has been assault ed, as is reported, I ehall, perhaps, cause the United States mails to be withdrawn from all the States which claim to have -ecceded, believing that the commence ment of actual war against the Govern moot justifies and possibly demands it. I scarcely need to say that I consider the military posts and property situated within the States which claim to have se ceded, as yet belonging to tho Govern ment of the United States as much a they did before tho supposed secession Whatever el-e I may do for the purpose, 1 shall uot attempt to collect the duties and impo.-ts by any armed invasion ot any part of tbe country; not meaning by this, however, that I may uot land a force deemed ueces-ary to relieve a fort upon tbe border of the country. From tbe tact that I have quoted a part of tho In augural Address, if must uot be inferred that I repudiate any other piirt.dhowhole of which I reaffirm, except so farals-bat I cow say of tbe mails may be regarded as a modification. This notice caunot be misinterpreted; aud the fact that tbe Secessionists opened the fight at Charleston before any at tempt wat made by the Government to re-enforec or supply Fort Sua.ter, is viewd here as an attempt on their part to co erce the Government, and puts the respou uibility upon them. THE PEESIDENT'S PE0CLAKATI0N. By the President of the United Stales.- A PROCLAMATION. Whereas, The laws of tho United States have been for some time past aud now are opposed, aud the execution there of obtrucled , iu the States of South Car olina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mis sissippi, Louisiana, and Texas, by combi uations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceed mgs, or by tho powers vected in the Marshals by law: Now, therefore. I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Presideut ol tbe United States, in virtue ot the power in me vented by the Consti tutiuu aud the laws, have thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, the Militia of the several States of the U moo, to the aggregate number of 75,0(1(1 in order to suppress said combinations aud to cau-e tbe laws to be duly exeeu led. The detail for this object will he immediately communicated to the State authorities through the War Depart ment. I appeal to all-loyal citizens to favor 'facilitate, and aid this effort to maintain the honor, tbe iutegrity, oud the exi-tence of our National Union and the perpetuity of popular government, and to redres.- wrongs already iong euough eudured. I deem it proper to-say, that the fir- service assigned to the force hereby call td lorth, will probat-ly bo to repos-ess the forts, places and property which have been seized from the Union, and m ever event, the utmost care will be observed consistently with the object aforesaid, to avoid any devastation, any de-triiction of, or interference with property, or any disturbance of peaceful citizens in an part of the couutry; and I hereby com maud the per-ons composing the cambi nations aforesaid, to disperse and retip peaceably to their respective abodes with iu twenty days from this date. Deeming that tbe present condition o public affairs present- an extraordinary occasiou, I do, hereby, in virtue of the power in me vested by the Con-titutiou convene both Houses of Congress. Tin Seuators and lleprescutativcs are there fore fcuuitfconed to assemble at their re spective chambers at twelve o'clock, noon. ou Thursday, the fourth day of July next, then and there to consider and de termine such measures as, in their wis dom, tbo public safety and interest may seem to demand. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the U nited States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington, thi-fiftt-euty day of April, iu the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-oue, aud of the independence of the United State-, the eighty-filth. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By the Presideut. WILLIAM II. SEWARD, Secretary of Slate. & Pennsylvania Arming. Ilarrisburg, Pa, Friday, April 12, 1661 A bill has been reported in tho House appropriating half a million dollars tor arming and equipping the militia of tbe Mate. It provides tor tho appointment of Adjutant, Commissary, and Quarter- mnster Generals by the Governor. The War bill pa-8ed both Hou-es to night without amendment. Gov. Curtin wuited at the Executive office to sign it. It is signed. The Charleston dispatches about hos tilities were anuounced in both Mouses, aud produced a profouud sensation. Mr. Smith, a Democratic member of tho Hou-o, after the Chrrleston dispatch es were received, changed his vote to Yea on the War bijl. All the Democrats of both Houses voted agaiust it. The bill appropriate 500,000 for the purpose ol arming and equipping the militia; au thorizes a temporary loan; provides for the appointment of an Adjutant General, Commissary-General, aud Quartermas- tcr-Geoeral, who, with the Governor, are to have, power to carry the act into effect. Message from the Governor. The following message was delivered to the Legislature to-day. After' being read in both hoaseucommittces'of con ference" wero appointed witlr instructions to report by bill on the sut ject as early as practicable : Penn a. Executive Ciiamder, llarrtburg, April H, lorJl. To the Senate and House of Represenla. tives of the Commonwealth of lennsyl. vunia Gentlemen : As the period fixed for tho adjourn ment ot the Legislature is rapidly ap proaching, I Icel constrained by a senso of duty to call )Our atteutioa ot the mili tary organization ol the State. It is scarcely necessary to say moro than that the militia system of tbe State dunug a long period diotiuguisbtd by tho pursuits ol peacelul industry exclusively,, bas become wholly inefficient, aud the iu terierence of tbe Legislature is required to remove its deficits, aud to render it useful aud available to lhe public sciicu Many ot our volunteer companies do not possess tho number of mcu required by our militia law, and steps should bo forthwith takeu to tupply these deficien cies. Thero are numerous 2ompauiear too, that are without the necessary arm and ot tho arms that are distributed, but. lew are provided with the more modcru appliances to reuder them serviceable.. I recoxmend, therefore, that tho Le gislature make immediate- provision for the romoval of these capital defect"; that, arma be procured and distributed lo tbo-so of our citizens who may enter into the military service of the Stale; aud that -tep- be taken to change the guns already distributed, by the adoption of such well kiiOKU atid tried improicmcuts as till reuder them effective iu the event of their employment in actual service. Iu tbi connection I recommend the establishment ot a Military Bureau at the capital; and that the militia laws of the Commonwealth be so mooified aud amen ded as to impart to the military organi zation oi tbe State, the vitality and eucr gy essential to its practical value sud u-etulness. Precautions, such as I have suggested arc wise and proper at all times, in a Goverumt-nt like our, but special aud momentous considerations. arUiug lrom the couditiou of public aSairs outside of the limits, yet of iacalculabe consequenco to the people, aud demanding the gravest attention of the Legislature of Pennsylva nia, invest the subject to which your ac tion is it,vited by this communication with' extraordinary inUrest and importance. We canuot be iuteusible to the fact that serious jealousies and divisions distract the public miud, and thai, in portions of this Union, the peace of the couutry, if uot tbe safety of the Goerumcnt itself, is eudangered. Military organizations of a formidable character, and which seem not to be demauded by any exi-tiug public exigency, have been formed in certain of the Stats. On whatever pretexts theso extraordinary military preparations may hasc been made, no purpose that may contemplate resiatance to the enforce ment of tbe laws, will meet sympathy or encouragement from the people of this Commonwealth. Pennsylvania yields to no State in her respect for, aud her will ingueas to protect, by all neodful guaran tees, the constitutional rights, aud cou--titulional indupeodence, of her sister States, nor in fidelity to that constitu tional Union who-e unexampled benefits have been showered alike upon herself and them. The tuoat exalted public policy and the clearest obligations of true patriotism, therefore, admouished us, iu the exi-tiog deplorable and dangerous crisis of affair-, that our militia svstem should rcccito from the Legislature that prompt atten tion which pufclic exigencies, either of tbe State or the Natiou, may appear to de- maud and which may seem, iu your wis- don, best adapted to preserve and secure to the people of Pennsylvania aud tbo Union the blessing of peace and the in tegrity and stability of our uurivallcd constitutional government. The gov rnment of this great State- was c-tablislu-d by its iilu-trious founder in deeds of peace;" our people havo becn- trained and disciplined iu those arts- which lead to the promotion of their own moral and physical development and pro- ress, and with the highest regard for tho rights of others, havo always cultivated fraternal relations with the people of all the States devoted to tbe Constitution and tbe Uuion, and always recognizing the spirit of concession and comprotnisa that underlies tho foundation of tho gov ernment, Pennsylvania offers no counsel, and takes no action in i he nature ol w menace; her desire is for peace, and hec object, the preservation of the personal' and political rights of eitizeus, ot tbe truo sovereignty of Ststes, and the supremacy of law and order. Animated by these sentiments, and iu dulging an earnest hope of the speedy restoration of those harmonious anu' riendly relations between the various! membors of this Confederacy which havo thought our telnved country to a condi tion of unequalled power and prosperity?. comniit tho grave subject of tuis com munication to vour deliberation. A. G. CURTIN. i XLTA meeting- will be .held' .at he Court House, this evening or the purpose of organ izing-a Company, to be tendered to'G Curtin, in response to the Presir dent's proclamation. FOR SALE. i JW ROfHELLE Oil LAWTONf BLACKBERRIES,, . 50 ftpnts rnr dozen. CHARLES MUSCHfH Stroud, April 19, 1801. '